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Conti Alberto A From the *Atrial Fibrillation Outpatient Clinic and Emergency Medicine, Department of Critical Care Medicine and Surgery, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy; and †Dysrhytmias Unit, Department of Cardiology; Careggi University Hospital, Florence, - - 2014
Hypertension and atrial fibrillation (AFib) frequently coexist in clinical practice. However, it is unclear whether this association per se or in combination with coronary artery disease (CAD) is a predictor of adverse outcomes. : The aim of this study is to recognize and treat CAD in patients with hypertension and ...
Bernal-Lopez M Rosa MR Biomedical Research Laboratory, Internal Medicine Department, Biomedical Institute of Malaga (IBIMA), University Hospitals, Regional and Clinical Virgen de la Victoria of Malaga, Spain; Ciber Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición. Instituto de Salud Carlos III. Madrid, - - 2014
Cilostazol is a drug widely used to treat peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in patients with advanced atherosclerosis. It is an inhibitor of platelet aggregation and causes arterial vasodilatation. It has been speculated that cilostazol might act to improve oxidative stress in these patients. We analyzed 25 patients with demonstrated lower ...
Yap Fui W FW Orthopaedic Surgery Service, Small Animal Hospital, University of Glasgow, Bearsden, UK - - 2014
To assess the medium- to long-term functional outcome of cats after femoral head and neck excision (FHNE) using an owner-completed questionnaire. Cats that had FHNE and were free of other orthopaedic or medical conditions that could affect their mobility, other than the studied coxofemoral joint(s), were included. A specific owner-completed ...
Foote Andrew A Calvary Hospital, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia; Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, - - 2014
Recently a miniature version of the Monarc suburethral sling has been introduced. This paper aims to evaluate the postoperative recovery, effectiveness and complications of these two types of suburethral sling. This was a prospective randomized series of 50 female patients with stress incontinence who underwent either a Monarc or Miniarc ...
ElSheemy Mohammed S MS Urology Department, Kasr Al-Ainy Hospital, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to describe the use of ordinary polypropylene mesh and our modified helical passers through a transobturator vaginal tape inside-out technique (TVT-O) as a low-cost alternative to available commercial kits in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with evaluation of its long-term safety and ...
Maghsoumi-Norouzabad Leila L Students' Research Committee, Tabriz University (Medical Sciences), Tabriz, - - 2014
This study was designed to examine the effect of Burdock root tea on inflammatory markers and oxidative stress indicators in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Thirty-six patients (10 men and 26 women) aged 50-70 years old with knee osteoarthritis referred to the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department of the Tabriz University ...
Guzman-Parra Jose J Department of Mental Health, University General Hospital of Malaga, Biomedical Research Institute of Malaga (IBIMA), Malaga, - - 2014
There is still limited information on what type of measures are most efficient to reduce coercion. The aim of this study was to determine if the introduction of a new regulatory protocol in a specific psychiatric ward in Andalusia (Spain) contributed to reducing the use of mechanical restraint. The study ...
Tohmeh Antoine A 1Northwest Orthopaedic Specialists, Spokane, WA 2University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA 3Inland Imaging, Spokane, - - 2014
Study Design. Prospective, single-cohort, observationalObjectives. To compare cage settling rates following extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) across various implant sizes and fixation types. Secondary objectives were to detect factors associated with cage settling and correlation with clinical and radiographic improvement.Summary of Background Data. Intervertebral cage settling can occur postoperatively following ...
Hendek Meltem Karsiyaka MK Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Kirikkale University, Kirikkale, - - 2014
Aim: The aim of this case-control study with an intervention arm was to determine the effect of initial periodontal treatment on oxidative stress biomarkers in smokers and non-smokers with chronic periodontitis (CP). Material and Methods: 47 patients with CP [24 smokers (S+P+) and 23 non-smokers (S-P+)] and 46 periodontally healthy ...
Nigam Anil A Department of Medicine, Montreal Heart Institute, Université de Montréal, Montreal Heart Institute Research Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent trials of fish oil for the prevention of atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence have provided mixed results. Notable uncertainties in the existing evidence base include the roles of high-dose fish oil, inflammation, and oxidative stress in patients with paroxysmal or persistent AF not receiving conventional antiarrhythmic (AA) therapy. The aim ...
Orrego Mario M Department of Orthopedics, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad de los Andes, Santiago, Chile; Knee Surgery Unit, Clínica Dávila, Santiago, Chile; Knee Surgery Unit, Military Hospital, Santiago, - - 2014
Autologous flexor tendons are widely used for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Pretension of the graft before fixation has been described as part of the surgical technique, nevertheless there is no consensus on the type and amount to tension needed to increase the stiffness without affecting its biomechanical properties.Our hypothesis ...
Cho Woo-Shin WS Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Medial collateral ligament (MCL) release is one of the essential steps toward the achievement of ligament balancing during the total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with varus deformity. When the varus deformity is severe, complete release of the MCL until balanced is often required. However, it is believed that complete ...
Ciarpaglini Riccardo R Spinal Unit, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cantonal Hospital Fribourg, Chemin des Pensionnats 2, 1708, Fribourg, Switzerland, - - 2014
Sagittal balance is an independent predictor of outcomes in spinal care and several authors focused their attention on the lumbar lordosis restoration as the key point to prevent secondary sacroiliac joint dysfunction (SIJD) after fusion. On the other hand, lumbar disc arthroplasty allows preservation of motion avoiding increased stress on ...
Uhm Jae Sun JS Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Although current guidelines recommend continuing the same antithrombotic strategy regardless of rhythm control after radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of atrial fibrillation (AF), anticoagulation has a risk of major bleeding. We evaluated the safety of switching warfarin to aspirin in patients with successful AF ablation. Among 721 patients who underwent RFCA ...
Tashiro Yasutaka Y Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan, - - 2014
We aimed to clarify whether the coronal alignment after medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is predictable using preoperative full-length valgus stress radiography. Thirty-seven consecutive patients with a mean age of 71.5 ± 7.0 years awaiting medial UKA were recruited. Full-length weight-bearing radiographs of the lower limbs were obtained pre- and postoperatively. Preoperative full-length ...
Deiner Stacie S Department of Anesthesiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, N.Y., - - 2014
Background: Postoperative delirium (PD) is a prevalent complication of elderly surgical patients, which predisposes to worsened cognitive recovery and dementia. Risk of PD has been associated with increasing magnitude of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal stress response (serum cortisol, epinephrine and norepinephrine) to surgery. Anesthetics suppress this response; however, some (total intravenous anesthesia, ...
Schellart René P RP Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kennemer Gasthuis, Haarlem, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Midurethral sling procedures have become the prime surgical treatment for women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Single-incision mini-slings (SIMS) potentially offer similar efficacy with reduced morbidity. This international multicenter trial compared the efficacy and morbidity of a SIMS (MiniArc) and a transobturator standard midurethral sling (SMUS) (Monarc). To compare subjective ...
Liu Suxuan S Department of Cardiology, Changhai Hospital, 2nd Military Medical University, Shanghai, - - 2014
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous closure (PC) using modified double-disc ventricular septal defect (VSD) occluders in patients with ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (RSVA). Between 2005 and 2012, 25 patients were enrolled in our study for attempted PC. There were five patients (20%) with RSVA combined with ...
Cortese Bernardo B Interventional Cardiology, A.O. Fatebenefratelli, Milan, - - 2014
Distal embolisation during carotid artery stenting (CAS) is the main cause of cerebral complications; thus, the amount of embolisation occurring during CAS can be considered as a surrogate endpoint of cerebral complications. Our aim was to find patient characteristics which are associated with a higher risk of embolisation during CAS. ...
Lewis Courtland G CG Orthopedic Associates of Hartford, 499 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06032. E-mail address: - - 2014
Patients undergoing total hip or total knee arthroplasty have risks that include venous thromboembolism. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons has promulgated guidelines for the preoperative assessment of patients with the primary objective of preventing pulmonary embolism. We aimed to evaluate and establish the utility of the first-generation American Academy ...
Shah Shashank S SS Department of Laparoscopic and Bariatric Surgery, Dr. L. H. Hiranandani Hospital, Mumbai, India, - - 2014
Bariatric surgery is recommended for Indian patients with body mass index (BMI) >32.5 kg/m(2) with at least one comorbidity and >37.5 kg/m(2) without a comorbidity. In laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, bleeding and leakage from the staple line are common post-operative events. Peri-Strips Dry® with Veritas® (PSD-V) is used in staple-line reinforcement. This was ...
Bennett Kyla M KM Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although the need for intraoperative shunting during carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is intensely debated, relatively few studies have compared the neurologic outcomes of patients undergoing CEA with or without shunts. The objective of our analysis was to determine the impact of intraoperative shunting during CEA on the incidence of postoperative stroke. ...
Skoretz Stacey A SA Department of Speech-Language Pathology, University of Toronto, 160-500 University Ave, Toronto, ON, M5G 1V7, Canada, - - 2014
Following cardiovascular (CV) surgery, prolonged mechanical ventilation of >48 h increases dysphagia frequency over tenfold: 51 % compared to 3-4 % across all durations. Our primary objective was to identify dysphagia frequency following CV surgery with respect to intubation duration. Our secondary objective was to explore characteristics associated with dysphagia across the entire ...
Bydon Mohamad M The Spinal Column Biomechanics and Surgical Outcomes Laboratory, - - 2014
Object The authors conducted a study to investigate the rate and timing of reoperation due to symptom recurrence after unilateral posterior cervical foraminotomy (PCF). Methods The authors retrospectively reviewed demographic, surgical, and clinical data from 151 patients who underwent unilateral PCF at their institution with an average follow-up of 4.15 ...
Nart Jose J Chairman of Department of Periodontology, School of - - 2014
Background: Some authors reported that after orthodontic treatment (OT) a "gummy smile" might be developed. Nevertheless, there are no studies in the literature that investigate whether OT increases the presence of altered passive eruption (APE). The primary aim of this cross-sectional study is to evaluate the prevalence of APE after ...
Lu Fang-Ping FP Department of Nephrology and Blood Purification Center, First Hospital of Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
There are limited therapeutic measures for stenosis of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) due to venous neointimal hyperplasia (VNH). In the current retrospective study, we reviewed the clinical data of hemodialysis patients who underwent AVF reconstruction by VNH stripping. The primary measure of interest was the secondary patency rate of the restored ...
Hou Zhiyong - - 2014
Coracoclavicular (CC) ligament reconstruction with semitendinosus tendon (ST) grafts has become more popular and has achieved relatively good results; however optimal reconstruction technique, single-tunnel or two-tunnel, still remains controversial. This paper is to compare the clinical and radiographic data of allogenous ST grafting with single- or two-tunnel reconstruction techniques of ...
Tzanakis Ioannis P IP Department of Nephrology, Chania General Hospital, 18 Michali Mefa st, Chania, Crete, PC 73100, Greece, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of magnesium (Mg) on the evolution of arterial calcifications in hemodialysis patients. Seventy-two stable hemodialysis patients were randomly allocated to two groups: 36 administered a regimen containing magnesium carbonate plus calcium acetate as a phosphate binder (Mg group), while the ...
Cotogni Paolo P Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Unit of Parenteral Nutrition in Oncology, Department of Medicine, S. Giovanni Battista Hospital, University of Turin, Via Giovanni Giolitti 9, 10123, Turin, Italy, - - 2014
Few prospective follow-up studies evaluating the use of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) to deliver chemotherapy and/or home parenteral nutrition (HPN) have focused exclusively on oncology outpatients. The aim of this prospective study was to assess the reliability and the safety of PICCs over a 5-year use in non-hospitalized cancer ...
Keyl Cornelius C Department of Anesthesiology, Heart Center Freiburg University, Bad Krozingen, Germany - - 2014
To investigate the incidence of unilateral pulmonary oedema after minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) requiring unilateral lung collapse has been unknown until now. We analysed the data of 484 consecutive patients undergoing minimally invasive cardiac surgery with unilateral lung collapse between January 2008 and December 2013. The clinical regimen was ...
Jiang Nan N Nan Jiang, Jing-Yu Deng, Xue-Wei Ding, Bin Ke, Ning Liu, Ru-Peng Zhang, Han Liang, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Tianjin 300060, - - 2014
To investigate the impact of prognostic nutritional index (PNI) on the postoperative complications and long-term outcomes in gastric cancer patients undergoing total gastrectomy. The data for 386 patients with gastric cancer were extracted and analyzed between January 2003 and December 2008 in our center. The patients were divided into two ...
Saharan Sunil S Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics and Surgery, Doernbecher Children's Hospital, Portland, Oregon. Electronic address: - - 2014
Readmission after operations for congenital heart conditions has significant implications for patient care. Readmission rates vary between 8.7% and 15 %. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, causes, and risk factors associated with readmission. 811 consecutive patients undergoing operations for congenital heart conditions were analyzed. Readmission ...
Stockmann Helena H Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Virchow-Klinikum Department of Nephrology and Medical Intensive Care Medicine Augustenburger Platz 1 13353 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prognosis after cardiac arrest in the era of modern critical care is still poor with a high mortality of approximately 90%. Around 30% of the survivors have neurological impairments. Targeted Temperature Management (TTM) is the only treatment option which can improve mortality and neurological outcome. It is so far unclear ...
Perelló-Cerdà Laura L Departments of *Anesthesiology ‡Neurosurgery †Biostatistics and Data Management Platform, IDIBAPS, Hospital Clinic, de Barcelona, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Extubation and emergence from anesthesia may lead to systemic and cerebral hemodynamic changes that endanger neurosurgical patients. We aimed to compare systemic and cerebral hemodynamic variables and cough incidence in neurosurgery patients emerging from general anesthesia with the standard procedure (endotracheal tube [ETT] extubation) or after replacement of the ETT ...
Aksan Gökhan G Department of Cardiology, Gazi State Hospital, Samsun, - - 2014
Increased frequency of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been demonstrated in psoriasis cases. Prolongation of the duration of atrial electromechanical delay (AEMD) is a well-known characteristic of the atrium, which is vulnerable to AF. In the current study, our aims are to investigate AEMD durations and mechanical functions of the left ...
Lautenbach Martin M Department for the Upper Extremity, Hand-, and Microsurgery, Immanuel Krankenhaus, Königstr. 63, 14109, Berlin, - - 2014
Alloarthroplasty of the proximal interphalangeal joint is indicated for patients with osteoarthritis, an inflammatory disease of the joint. According to the current literature, implants made of silicone are not inferior to newer implants and the complications are well known. Therefore, focus should be shifted to the operative approach to improve ...
Lee Hsin-Nung HN Department of Ophthalmology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung City, Taiwan, Address: Department of Ophthalmology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital 1650, Sec. 4, Taiwan Boulevard, Xitun District, Taichung City 40705, - - 2014
To evaluate the characteristics of aniseikonia in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD) after pneumatic retinopexy. Prospective, interventional case series study. Thirty patients who had undergone pneumatic retinopexy as the initial procedure for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment were selected for this study. The principal outcomes included visual acuity, post-operative aniseikonia measured ...
Hernando J J Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Donostia University Hospital, San Sebastián, - - 2014
Sentinel node biopsy (SNB) is considered a feasible neck staging tool in early oral squamous cell carcinoma. The aim of this study was to compare postoperative morbidity in patients who had undergone SNB and elective neck dissection (END). Seventy-three consecutive patients were included between the years 2005 and 2009. The ...
Sasso Ferdinando Carlo FC Department of Internal and Experimental Medicine "Magrassi-Lanzara", Second University of Naples, Via F. Petrarca, 64, 80122, Naples, Italy, - - 2014
The risk-to-benefit ratio for the use of low dose of aspirin in primary cardiovascular (CV) prevention in patients with diabetes mellitus remains to be clarified. We assessed the effect of aspirin on risk of CV events in type 2 diabetic patients with nephropathy, in order to verify the usefulness of ...
Mountantonakis Stavros E SE The Lenox Hill Heart and Vascular Institute, New York, - - 2014
The autonomic nervous system exerts important effects upon atrial fibrillation (AF) initiation. The strategy of anesthesia used during AF ablation may impact the provocation of AF triggers. We hypothesized that the use of general anesthesia would reduce the incidence of provokable AF triggers in patients undergoing AF ablation compared to ...
Rodríguez-Faba O O Unidad de Urooncología, Fundació Puigvert, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the technical and oncological effectiveness of ultrasound-guided percutaneous renal cryotherapy (PRC) in a selected group of patients with renal cancer. We conducted a prospective study of 28 patients with posterior-facing T1a renal tumors with middle and inferior external borders. All patients underwent ultrasound-guided PRC. Follow-up was conducted with ...
Bedair Hany H Department of Orthopaedics, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA, - - 2014
Preoperative erythropoietin alpha (EPO) has been shown to be effective at reducing postoperative blood transfusions in total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA); however, treatment with EPO is associated with additional costs, and it is not known whether these costs can be justified when weighed against the transfusion ...
Kim Bum Joon BJ Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
Anticoagulation effectively prevents cardioembolic stroke in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, whereas it is less effective than antiplatelet therapy (AT) in noncardioembolic stroke prevention. We hypothesized that the ischemic lesion pattern and vascular patency would differ according to the antithrombotic treatment status in AF patients. The medical records of 1078 acute ...
Ramoul Khaled K Brugmann University Hospital and Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, - - 2014
Recent developments of open irrigated catheters have sought to create uniform cooling of the entire ablating electrode. The aim of this randomized study was to assess whether the diffuse irrigation of the Coolflex(®) (CF) catheter results in improved short-term procedural benefits in patients undergoing ablation of right atrial typical flutter. ...
Bauman Christopher W CW University of California, Irvine, USA - - 2014
People often treat diversity as an objective feature of situations that everyone perceives similarly. The current research shows, however, that disagreement often exists over whether a group is diverse. We argue that diversity judgments diverge because they are social perceptions that reflect, in part, individuals' motivations and experiences, including concerns ...
Goto Eiji E Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Toyooka Chuo Hospital, 7-2 Toyooka, Asahikawa, 078-8237, Japan, - - 2014
Although 50 years have passed since Charnley started performing total hip arthroplasties, there are relatively few patient studies with a follow-up period of over 30 years. We studied radiograms of patients who had undergone Charnley total hip arthroplasty between 1975 and 1981 and evaluated the results at 26-35 years (mean 30.5 years) after the ...
Izzo Valentina V University of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy - - 2014
The aim of our study is to analyze factors, including matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) levels, that could influence the integration of dermal grafts in diabetic foot ulcers. From September 2012 to September 2013, 35 diabetic patients with IIA lesion (Texas Wound Classification) and an extensive foot tissue loss were considered suitable ...
Tietje Teya T Skaggs School of Pharmacy, University of Montana, Missoula, MT, USA - - 2014
It is estimated that up to 50% of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) receive suboptimal postoperative pain management. In a retrospective study, 224 patients who underwent TKA between January 1, 2011, and September 30, 2012, were identified by surgical records for 2 surgeons at Community Medical Center in Missoula, ...
Selim Gjulsen G University Department of Nephrology, University "Sts. Cyril and Methodius", Vodnjanska 17, 1000, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia, - - 2014
A consensus about the optimal timing of dialysis initiation is still controversial. Thus, the goal of this analysis was to compare outcomes in patients with early and late referral with early and late initiation of hemodialysis (HD). We studied 190 patients (mean age 52.03 ± 14.22) who were initiated on HD between ...
Pak Chang Sik CS Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 300 Gumi-dong, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, - - 2014
The changes in the periorbital region are among the most prominent features of the aging process in the lower eyelids. Intense focused ultrasound (IFUS), known as the Ulthera System, was designed to correct this process. The current study assessed the safety and efficacy of the Ulthera System. This study enrolled ...
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