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Ciarpaglini Riccardo R Spinal Unit, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cantonal Hospital Fribourg, Chemin des Pensionnats 2, 1708, Fribourg, Switzerland, - - 2014
Sagittal balance is an independent predictor of outcomes in spinal care and several authors focused their attention on the lumbar lordosis restoration as the key point to prevent secondary sacroiliac joint dysfunction (SIJD) after fusion. On the other hand, lumbar disc arthroplasty allows preservation of motion avoiding increased stress on ...
Uhm Jae Sun JS Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Although current guidelines recommend continuing the same antithrombotic strategy regardless of rhythm control after radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of atrial fibrillation (AF), anticoagulation has a risk of major bleeding. We evaluated the safety of switching warfarin to aspirin in patients with successful AF ablation. Among 721 patients who underwent RFCA ...
Tashiro Yasutaka Y Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan, - - 2014
We aimed to clarify whether the coronal alignment after medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is predictable using preoperative full-length valgus stress radiography. Thirty-seven consecutive patients with a mean age of 71.5 ± 7.0 years awaiting medial UKA were recruited. Full-length weight-bearing radiographs of the lower limbs were obtained pre- and postoperatively. Preoperative full-length ...
Deiner Stacie S Department of Anesthesiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, N.Y., - - 2014
Background: Postoperative delirium (PD) is a prevalent complication of elderly surgical patients, which predisposes to worsened cognitive recovery and dementia. Risk of PD has been associated with increasing magnitude of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal stress response (serum cortisol, epinephrine and norepinephrine) to surgery. Anesthetics suppress this response; however, some (total intravenous anesthesia, ...
Schellart René P RP Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kennemer Gasthuis, Haarlem, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Midurethral sling procedures have become the prime surgical treatment for women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Single-incision mini-slings (SIMS) potentially offer similar efficacy with reduced morbidity. This international multicenter trial compared the efficacy and morbidity of a SIMS (MiniArc) and a transobturator standard midurethral sling (SMUS) (Monarc). To compare subjective ...
Liu Suxuan S Department of Cardiology, Changhai Hospital, 2nd Military Medical University, Shanghai, - - 2014
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous closure (PC) using modified double-disc ventricular septal defect (VSD) occluders in patients with ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (RSVA). Between 2005 and 2012, 25 patients were enrolled in our study for attempted PC. There were five patients (20%) with RSVA combined with ...
Cortese Bernardo B Interventional Cardiology, A.O. Fatebenefratelli, Milan, - - 2014
Distal embolisation during carotid artery stenting (CAS) is the main cause of cerebral complications; thus, the amount of embolisation occurring during CAS can be considered as a surrogate endpoint of cerebral complications. Our aim was to find patient characteristics which are associated with a higher risk of embolisation during CAS. ...
Lewis Courtland G CG Orthopedic Associates of Hartford, 499 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06032. E-mail address: - - 2014
Patients undergoing total hip or total knee arthroplasty have risks that include venous thromboembolism. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons has promulgated guidelines for the preoperative assessment of patients with the primary objective of preventing pulmonary embolism. We aimed to evaluate and establish the utility of the first-generation American Academy ...
Shah Shashank S SS Department of Laparoscopic and Bariatric Surgery, Dr. L. H. Hiranandani Hospital, Mumbai, India, - - 2014
Bariatric surgery is recommended for Indian patients with body mass index (BMI) >32.5 kg/m(2) with at least one comorbidity and >37.5 kg/m(2) without a comorbidity. In laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, bleeding and leakage from the staple line are common post-operative events. Peri-Strips Dry® with Veritas® (PSD-V) is used in staple-line reinforcement. This was ...
Bennett Kyla M KM Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although the need for intraoperative shunting during carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is intensely debated, relatively few studies have compared the neurologic outcomes of patients undergoing CEA with or without shunts. The objective of our analysis was to determine the impact of intraoperative shunting during CEA on the incidence of postoperative stroke. ...
Skoretz Stacey A SA Department of Speech-Language Pathology, University of Toronto, 160-500 University Ave, Toronto, ON, M5G 1V7, Canada, - - 2014
Following cardiovascular (CV) surgery, prolonged mechanical ventilation of >48 h increases dysphagia frequency over tenfold: 51 % compared to 3-4 % across all durations. Our primary objective was to identify dysphagia frequency following CV surgery with respect to intubation duration. Our secondary objective was to explore characteristics associated with dysphagia across the entire ...
Bydon Mohamad M The Spinal Column Biomechanics and Surgical Outcomes Laboratory, - - 2014
Object The authors conducted a study to investigate the rate and timing of reoperation due to symptom recurrence after unilateral posterior cervical foraminotomy (PCF). Methods The authors retrospectively reviewed demographic, surgical, and clinical data from 151 patients who underwent unilateral PCF at their institution with an average follow-up of 4.15 ...
Nart Jose J Chairman of Department of Periodontology, School of - - 2014
Background: Some authors reported that after orthodontic treatment (OT) a "gummy smile" might be developed. Nevertheless, there are no studies in the literature that investigate whether OT increases the presence of altered passive eruption (APE). The primary aim of this cross-sectional study is to evaluate the prevalence of APE after ...
Lu Fang-Ping FP Department of Nephrology and Blood Purification Center, First Hospital of Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
There are limited therapeutic measures for stenosis of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) due to venous neointimal hyperplasia (VNH). In the current retrospective study, we reviewed the clinical data of hemodialysis patients who underwent AVF reconstruction by VNH stripping. The primary measure of interest was the secondary patency rate of the restored ...
Hou Zhiyong - - 2014
Coracoclavicular (CC) ligament reconstruction with semitendinosus tendon (ST) grafts has become more popular and has achieved relatively good results; however optimal reconstruction technique, single-tunnel or two-tunnel, still remains controversial. This paper is to compare the clinical and radiographic data of allogenous ST grafting with single- or two-tunnel reconstruction techniques of ...
Tzanakis Ioannis P IP Department of Nephrology, Chania General Hospital, 18 Michali Mefa st, Chania, Crete, PC 73100, Greece, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of magnesium (Mg) on the evolution of arterial calcifications in hemodialysis patients. Seventy-two stable hemodialysis patients were randomly allocated to two groups: 36 administered a regimen containing magnesium carbonate plus calcium acetate as a phosphate binder (Mg group), while the ...
Cotogni Paolo P Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Unit of Parenteral Nutrition in Oncology, Department of Medicine, S. Giovanni Battista Hospital, University of Turin, Via Giovanni Giolitti 9, 10123, Turin, Italy, - - 2014
Few prospective follow-up studies evaluating the use of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) to deliver chemotherapy and/or home parenteral nutrition (HPN) have focused exclusively on oncology outpatients. The aim of this prospective study was to assess the reliability and the safety of PICCs over a 5-year use in non-hospitalized cancer ...
Keyl Cornelius C Department of Anesthesiology, Heart Center Freiburg University, Bad Krozingen, Germany - - 2014
To investigate the incidence of unilateral pulmonary oedema after minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) requiring unilateral lung collapse has been unknown until now. We analysed the data of 484 consecutive patients undergoing minimally invasive cardiac surgery with unilateral lung collapse between January 2008 and December 2013. The clinical regimen was ...
Jiang Nan N Nan Jiang, Jing-Yu Deng, Xue-Wei Ding, Bin Ke, Ning Liu, Ru-Peng Zhang, Han Liang, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Tianjin 300060, - - 2014
To investigate the impact of prognostic nutritional index (PNI) on the postoperative complications and long-term outcomes in gastric cancer patients undergoing total gastrectomy. The data for 386 patients with gastric cancer were extracted and analyzed between January 2003 and December 2008 in our center. The patients were divided into two ...
Saharan Sunil S Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics and Surgery, Doernbecher Children's Hospital, Portland, Oregon. Electronic address: - - 2014
Readmission after operations for congenital heart conditions has significant implications for patient care. Readmission rates vary between 8.7% and 15 %. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, causes, and risk factors associated with readmission. 811 consecutive patients undergoing operations for congenital heart conditions were analyzed. Readmission ...
Stockmann Helena H Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Virchow-Klinikum Department of Nephrology and Medical Intensive Care Medicine Augustenburger Platz 1 13353 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prognosis after cardiac arrest in the era of modern critical care is still poor with a high mortality of approximately 90%. Around 30% of the survivors have neurological impairments. Targeted Temperature Management (TTM) is the only treatment option which can improve mortality and neurological outcome. It is so far unclear ...
Perelló-Cerdà Laura L Departments of *Anesthesiology ‡Neurosurgery †Biostatistics and Data Management Platform, IDIBAPS, Hospital Clinic, de Barcelona, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Extubation and emergence from anesthesia may lead to systemic and cerebral hemodynamic changes that endanger neurosurgical patients. We aimed to compare systemic and cerebral hemodynamic variables and cough incidence in neurosurgery patients emerging from general anesthesia with the standard procedure (endotracheal tube [ETT] extubation) or after replacement of the ETT ...
Aksan Gökhan G Department of Cardiology, Gazi State Hospital, Samsun, - - 2014
Increased frequency of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been demonstrated in psoriasis cases. Prolongation of the duration of atrial electromechanical delay (AEMD) is a well-known characteristic of the atrium, which is vulnerable to AF. In the current study, our aims are to investigate AEMD durations and mechanical functions of the left ...
Lautenbach Martin M Department for the Upper Extremity, Hand-, and Microsurgery, Immanuel Krankenhaus, Königstr. 63, 14109, Berlin, - - 2014
Alloarthroplasty of the proximal interphalangeal joint is indicated for patients with osteoarthritis, an inflammatory disease of the joint. According to the current literature, implants made of silicone are not inferior to newer implants and the complications are well known. Therefore, focus should be shifted to the operative approach to improve ...
Lee Hsin-Nung HN Department of Ophthalmology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung City, Taiwan, Address: Department of Ophthalmology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital 1650, Sec. 4, Taiwan Boulevard, Xitun District, Taichung City 40705, - - 2014
To evaluate the characteristics of aniseikonia in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD) after pneumatic retinopexy. Prospective, interventional case series study. Thirty patients who had undergone pneumatic retinopexy as the initial procedure for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment were selected for this study. The principal outcomes included visual acuity, post-operative aniseikonia measured ...
Hernando J J Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Donostia University Hospital, San Sebastián, - - 2014
Sentinel node biopsy (SNB) is considered a feasible neck staging tool in early oral squamous cell carcinoma. The aim of this study was to compare postoperative morbidity in patients who had undergone SNB and elective neck dissection (END). Seventy-three consecutive patients were included between the years 2005 and 2009. The ...
Sasso Ferdinando Carlo FC Department of Internal and Experimental Medicine "Magrassi-Lanzara", Second University of Naples, Via F. Petrarca, 64, 80122, Naples, Italy, - - 2014
The risk-to-benefit ratio for the use of low dose of aspirin in primary cardiovascular (CV) prevention in patients with diabetes mellitus remains to be clarified. We assessed the effect of aspirin on risk of CV events in type 2 diabetic patients with nephropathy, in order to verify the usefulness of ...
Mountantonakis Stavros E SE The Lenox Hill Heart and Vascular Institute, New York, - - 2014
The autonomic nervous system exerts important effects upon atrial fibrillation (AF) initiation. The strategy of anesthesia used during AF ablation may impact the provocation of AF triggers. We hypothesized that the use of general anesthesia would reduce the incidence of provokable AF triggers in patients undergoing AF ablation compared to ...
Rodríguez-Faba O O Unidad de Urooncología, Fundació Puigvert, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the technical and oncological effectiveness of ultrasound-guided percutaneous renal cryotherapy (PRC) in a selected group of patients with renal cancer. We conducted a prospective study of 28 patients with posterior-facing T1a renal tumors with middle and inferior external borders. All patients underwent ultrasound-guided PRC. Follow-up was conducted with ...
Bedair Hany H Department of Orthopaedics, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA, - - 2014
Preoperative erythropoietin alpha (EPO) has been shown to be effective at reducing postoperative blood transfusions in total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA); however, treatment with EPO is associated with additional costs, and it is not known whether these costs can be justified when weighed against the transfusion ...
Kim Bum Joon BJ Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
Anticoagulation effectively prevents cardioembolic stroke in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, whereas it is less effective than antiplatelet therapy (AT) in noncardioembolic stroke prevention. We hypothesized that the ischemic lesion pattern and vascular patency would differ according to the antithrombotic treatment status in AF patients. The medical records of 1078 acute ...
Ramoul Khaled K Brugmann University Hospital and Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, - - 2014
Recent developments of open irrigated catheters have sought to create uniform cooling of the entire ablating electrode. The aim of this randomized study was to assess whether the diffuse irrigation of the Coolflex(®) (CF) catheter results in improved short-term procedural benefits in patients undergoing ablation of right atrial typical flutter. ...
Bauman Christopher W CW University of California, Irvine, USA - - 2014
People often treat diversity as an objective feature of situations that everyone perceives similarly. The current research shows, however, that disagreement often exists over whether a group is diverse. We argue that diversity judgments diverge because they are social perceptions that reflect, in part, individuals' motivations and experiences, including concerns ...
Goto Eiji E Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Toyooka Chuo Hospital, 7-2 Toyooka, Asahikawa, 078-8237, Japan, - - 2014
Although 50 years have passed since Charnley started performing total hip arthroplasties, there are relatively few patient studies with a follow-up period of over 30 years. We studied radiograms of patients who had undergone Charnley total hip arthroplasty between 1975 and 1981 and evaluated the results at 26-35 years (mean 30.5 years) after the ...
Izzo Valentina V University of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy - - 2014
The aim of our study is to analyze factors, including matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) levels, that could influence the integration of dermal grafts in diabetic foot ulcers. From September 2012 to September 2013, 35 diabetic patients with IIA lesion (Texas Wound Classification) and an extensive foot tissue loss were considered suitable ...
Tietje Teya T Skaggs School of Pharmacy, University of Montana, Missoula, MT, USA - - 2014
It is estimated that up to 50% of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) receive suboptimal postoperative pain management. In a retrospective study, 224 patients who underwent TKA between January 1, 2011, and September 30, 2012, were identified by surgical records for 2 surgeons at Community Medical Center in Missoula, ...
Selim Gjulsen G University Department of Nephrology, University "Sts. Cyril and Methodius", Vodnjanska 17, 1000, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia, - - 2014
A consensus about the optimal timing of dialysis initiation is still controversial. Thus, the goal of this analysis was to compare outcomes in patients with early and late referral with early and late initiation of hemodialysis (HD). We studied 190 patients (mean age 52.03 ± 14.22) who were initiated on HD between ...
Pak Chang Sik CS Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 300 Gumi-dong, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, - - 2014
The changes in the periorbital region are among the most prominent features of the aging process in the lower eyelids. Intense focused ultrasound (IFUS), known as the Ulthera System, was designed to correct this process. The current study assessed the safety and efficacy of the Ulthera System. This study enrolled ...
van den Boom Lennard G H LG Department of Orthopedic Surgery, TweeSteden Hospital, Dr Deelenlaan 5, 5042 AD, Tilburg, The Netherlands, - - 2014
In the present study, knee joint kinematics (e.g. knee flexion/extension) and kinetics (e.g. knee flexion moments) are assessed after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) between patients implanted with either a unilateral posterior stabilized (PS) and a posterior cruciate-retaining (PCR) design. It was hypothesized that maximum knee flexion during the loading response ...
Choi Seung Ho SH Departments of *Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine ‡Neurosurgery, Neuro-Oncology Clinic, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine †Biostatistics Collaboration Unit, Gangnam Medical Research Center, Seoul, - - 2014
In patients undergoing pituitary surgery using a transsphenoidal approach, anesthesia emergence should be smooth with minimal coughing. Recent studies demonstrated that a target-controlled infusion of remifentanil effectively suppresses coughing induced by the endotracheal tube. We investigated the EC95 of remifentanil for smooth emergence without coughing from propofol anesthesia in patients ...
Shah Asad A AA Division of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North - - 2014
This study examined outcomes of a technique for performing thoracoscopic left upper lobectomy (LUL) in patients with a previous left internal mammary artery (LIMA) coronary artery bypass graft, where a small wedge of lung parenchyma adjacent to the graft is left to avoid injury. All patients undergoing thoracoscopic LUL from ...
Xu Ben B Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital and Institute of Urology, Peking University, National Urological Cancer Center, Beijing, - - 2014
Objectives: To compare the treatment of laparoscopic (LPN) versus open partial nephrectomy (OPN) in patients with multilocular cystic renal cell carcinoma (MCRCC). Methods: Thirty-seven patients diagnosed with MCRCC were reviewed retrospectively between January 2007 and January 2013 at our institution. They were divided into two groups: group 1 (LPN) consisted ...
Sevim Yusuf Y Ankara Penal Institution Campus State Hospital, General Surgery, Ankara, - - 2014
The aim of our study was to assess the effects of venous stripping on microvascular functions in isolated great saphenous vein insufficiency. Two groups of participants were prospectively evaluated. The first group included 15 healthy participants without any evidence of venous insufficiency. The second group included 20 patients with varicose ...
Hermanns Thomas T Department of Urology, University Hospital, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Absorption of irrigation fluid was undetectable during greenlight laser vaporization (LV) of the prostate using the first-generation 80W laser. However, data on intraoperative irrigation fluid absorption for the second-generation 120W high power laser is lacking. The purpose of this investigation was to assess whether fluid absorption occurs during high-power LV ...
Celik Serdar S Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the possible alterations in ureteral jet dynamics which inform physicians about ureteral physiology and peristaltism in nonobstructive kidney stone formers with this prospective-controlled study. All patients with flank pain eligible for the study underwent Doppler ultrasonoghraphy examination for evaluation of ureteral jet dynamics and non-contrast-enhanced computed tomography for ...
Simić Aleksandar P AP Department of Esophagogastric Surgery, First Surgical University Hospital, Clinical Center of Serbia, Koste Todorovica St 6, 11.000, Belgrade, Serbia, - - 2014
Ineffective esophageal motility (IEM) in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease includes three different subsets that may affect symptom profiles. Our aim was to assess symptoms and functional outcome in patients with erosive esophagitis according to different subsets of IEM, before and after Nissen fundoplication (NF). A retrospective study with prospective ...
Bloo G J A GJ Scientific Institute for Quality of Healthcare, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Department of Anaesthesiology, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Insight into the effects of ethnic disparities on patients' perioperative safety is necessary for the development of tailored improvement strategies. The aim of this study was to review the literature on safety differences between patients from minority ethnic groups and those from the ethnic majority undergoing surgery. PubMed, CINAHL, the ...
San Turhan T ENT Department, Medeniyet University Göztepe Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to retrospectively determine the possible role of septated concha bullosa on sinonasal pathologies. Paranasal sinus computerized tomography scans of patients with symptoms of headache, postnasal drip, nasal obstruction and smell disorders were retrospectively evaluated. Twenty-eight subjects with unilateral septated concha bullosa and 13 subjects ...
Peters Christopher L CL Department of Orthopaedics, University of Utah, 590 Wakara Way, Salt Lake City, UT, 84108, USA, - - 2014
The early recovery period after periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) can be limited by pain and activity restrictions. Modifications of the Bernese PAO, including sparing the rectus tendon and discontinuing routine arthrotomy, may accelerate early postoperative recovery compared with the standard approach. Does a modified approach for PAO (1) lead to improved ...
Takahashi Yasuhiro Y *Department of Ophthalmology, Aichi Medical University, Nagakute, Aichi, Japan; †Department of Radiology, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan; ‡Department of Stomatology and Oral Surgery, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Maebashi, Gunma, Japan; and §Department of Plastic Surgery, Kobe University School of Medicine, Kobe, Hyogo, - - 2014
To compare the minimum diameter of the nasolacrimal canal and its location between patients with or without primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) in a Japanese population. One hundred one patients with unilateral primary acquired NLDO (Group A, 101 affected sides; Group B, 101 unaffected sides) and 50 non-NLDO patients ...
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