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Results 351 - 400 of 3952
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Jeyabalan Geetha G University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pa. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aortic sources of peripheral and visceral embolization remain challenging to treat. The safety of stent graft coverage continues to be debated. This study reports the outcomes of stent coverage of these complex lesions. Hospital records were retrospectively reviewed for patients undergoing aortic stenting between 2006 and 2013 for visceral and ...
Segura-Trepichio M M Departamento de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología, Hospital General Universitario de Elche, Elche, Alicante, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Dynesys(®) system is a non-fusion pedicular dynamic stabilization system. The aim of our study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes in patients with degenerative disc disease and/or stenosis, and to measure the prevalence of screw loosening and breakage after 4 years of follow up. All patients who underwent surgery ...
Wang Ming-Jun MJ Ming-Jun Wang, Zhong Wu, Bing Peng, Department of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, - - 2014
To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of consecutive laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) plus splenectomy (LS) in liver cirrhosis patients. From 2003 to 2013, 17 (group 1) patients with liver cirrhosis complicated by hypersplenism and symptomatic gallstones were treated with combined LC and LS, while 58 (group 2) patients with liver ...
Muhammad Magdi Ibrahim Ahmad MI Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Egypt; Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, King Fahd Hospital, Al-Madina Al-Munawara, Saudi - - 2014
This study was conducted to compare operative variables and postoperative outcomes in adult patients with myasthenia gravis undergoing thymectomy through 3 different operative techniques: total median sternotomy, partial median sternotomy, and video-assisted thoracoscopy. 30 patients aged 20-65 years were included in this study. They were subdivided into: group A: 8 ...
Cuesta Rubén R Hospital General Universitario de Elche, Digestive Medicine , Elche , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. During colonoscopy, advancing the endoscope can sometimes be difficult due to the appearance of loops or bends in the insertion tube. Therefore, research continues toward improving colonoscope technology. The aim of this study is to compare the use of colonoscopes equipped with "responsive insertion technology" (RIT) versus regular ...
Casanova Ciro - - 2014
Rationale: Little is known about the longitudinal changes associated with using the 2013 update of the multidimensional GOLD strategy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). To determine the COPD patient distribution of the new GOLD proposal and evaluate how this classification changes over one year compared with the previous GOLD ...
Buyukkaya Ramazan R Duzce University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between Rosenthal basal vein (BVR) type and diameter and perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (P-SAH). Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (A-SAH), P-SAH, and control groups were evaluated, and BVRs were classified by type. BVR diameters in patients were measured. There was a statistically ...
Conway Allan M AM From the Lenox Hill Heart and Vascular Institute of New York, Lenox Hill Hospital, North Shore-LIJ Health System, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
Open surgical repair (OSR) for chronic type B aortic dissection (CTBAD) has an associated morbidity and mortality. The role of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in CTBAD has not been determined. We analyzed our contemporary experience of CTBAD undergoing OSR to identify high-risk patients who may be considered for TEVAR. ...
Yoshiya Shohei S Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, - - 2014
Although various complications after hepatectomy have been reported, there have been no large studies on postoperative portal vein thrombosis (PVT) as a complication. This study evaluated the incidence, risk factors, and clinical outcomes of PVT after hepatectomy. The preoperative and postoperative clinical characteristics of patients who underwent hepatectomy were retrospectively ...
Yokoyama Koichi K Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Kumamoto University Graduate School of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumamoto, - - 2014
Hepatic percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is usually performed with the patient under deep intravenous (i.v.) sedation or general anesthesia. Nonetheless, many patients report pain during and/or after the procedure. To perform a prospective study of pain control obtained by the i.v. one-shot delivery and the continuous i.v. infusion of fentanyl ...
Cingü Abdullah Kürşat AK Department of Ophthalmology, Dicle University Faculty of Medicine , 21280, Diyarbakir , Turkey - - 2014
ABSTRACT Purpose: The aim of this study was to comparatively evaluate the vitreous depth (VD) of keratoconic eyes in patients with or without vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). Material and Methods: Eighty eyes of 80 consecutive keratoconus (KC) patients and 40 emmetropic control subjects were enrolled. KC patients were divided into two ...
Coillard Jean-Yves JY Clinique du Parc, Lyon, - - 2014
Hammertoe and claw toe are among the most common foot deformities. Proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint realignment can be performed using specifically designed intramedullary implants. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical outcome of patients with lesser toes deformities undergoing PIP joint realignment using an intramedullary implant. Patients ...
Thorne Katie K Capital and Coast - - 2014
To explore and detail clinical experiences of dabigatran, a novel anticoagulant, after it became available in New Zealand in July 2011. A cohort of patients was recruited from Hutt Hospital and the two largest primary care practices in the Hutt Valley region. They were included if they took at least ...
Chindhy Shahzad A SA Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, WI, - - 2014
The Acuity Adaptable Patient Care (AAC) unit system allows all beds within a nursing unit to negate the need for transfer with changes in patient status. The unit is specialty specific to all levels of patient care. This system was implemented in March 2006 for cardiothoracic surgery at our institution. ...
Lagrost Laurent L 1INSERM Research Center UMR866, University of Burgundy, Dijon, France. 2Department of Anaesthesia-Reanimation, University Hospital of Dijon, Dijon, France. 3INSERM CIE1, Clinical Investigation Center-Clinical Epidemiology, Dijon, - - 2014
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome and sepsis frequently occur after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether preoperative cholesterol levels can predict sepsis onset and postoperative complications in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Prospective observational study. Surgical ICU of a French ...
Whitlock Elizabeth L EL From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine; †Department of Mathematics, Washington University in Saint Louis, Saint Louis, Missouri; and ‡Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Postoperative delirium in the intensive care unit (ICU) is a frequent complication after cardiac or thoracic surgery and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. In this single-center substudy of the BAG-RECALL trial (NCT00682825), we screened patients after cardiac or thoracic surgery in the ICU twice daily for delirium using ...
Cazzaniga Simone S Centro Studi GISED, Fondazione per la Ricerca Ospedale Maggiore, Bergamo, - - 2014
Background/Aims: Rubbing the skin may influence the persistence of pustulosis over time. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a new fabric made with fluorine-synthetic fiber in improving plantar pustulosis. Methods: A total of 17 patients were randomized to receive on one side a sock made ...
Blanche Coralie C Cardiovascular Department, Hôpital de La Tour, Meyrin-Geneva, - - 2014
Accurate markers of atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrences after electrical cardioversion (ECV) are lacking. This study was conducted to assess the value of P-wave signal averaging (SAPW) for predicting AF recurrences in a nonselected patients population submitted to ECV. A total of 133 patients (107 males, 26 females, mean age 66 ...
Llauradó S S Departamento de Anestesia, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, IDIBELL, Universitat de Barcelona, Campus Ciencias de la Salud, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bariatric surgery patients are at high risk of perioperative respiratory adverse events. We hypothesized that the use of sugammadex to reverse neuromuscular blockade could improve postoperative respiratory outcomes. Prospective observational series of consecutive patients scheduled for laparoscopic bariatric surgery in whom neuromuscular blockade was reverted with sugammadex were compared with ...
Sørensen Rasmus Reinholdt RR Orthopaedic Surgery Research Unit, Aalborg University Hospital, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Postural balance (PB) is frequently used as an outcome measure in clinical and research settings when assessing patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Pain and stiffness is known to affect PB, and is elevated in the morning and evening in OA patients. The aim of this study was to explore if ...
Böhm Harald H Orthopaedic Hospital for Children, Behandlungszentrum Aschau GmbH, Bernauerstr. 18, 83229 Aschau i. Chiemgau, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients with cerebral palsy frequently experience foot dragging and tripping during walking due to reduced toe clearance mostly caused by a lack of adequate knee flexion in swing (stiff-knee gait). The aim of this study was to investigate adaptive mechanism to an uneven surface in stiff-knee walkers with cerebral palsy. ...
Smith C Daniel CD Department of Surgery and Medicine, Mayo Clinic Florida, Jacksonville, FL. Electronic address: - - 2014
A new device for mechanical sphincter augmentation (MSA) of the lower esophageal sphincter was approved by the FDA on March 22, 2012. We report early experience with MSA, specifically addressing postoperative management. Between October 1, 2011 and June 1, 2013, 150 patients were evaluated for MSA. Of these, 66 patients underwent ...
Masson Serge - - 2014
Sepsis, a leading cause of death in critically ill patients, is the result of complex interactions between the infecting microorganisms and the host responses that influence clinical outcomes. We evaluated the prognostic value of presepsin (sCD14-ST), a novel biomarker of bacterial infection, and compared it with procalcitonin. This is a ...
Wu Xinghuo X Department of Orthopedics, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, - - 2014
The current trend is toward salvage of the extremity after tumor excision without compromising the extent of resection for bone tumor around the shoulders. The aim of this study was to evaluate functional outcome of patients treated with limb-salvage surgeries combined with shoulder abduction braces. Thirty-six patients with bone tumors ...
Saeed Diyar D Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery, Heinrich-Heine University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, - - 2014
Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) may be implanted using peripheral ECMO (pECMO) or central ECMO (cECMO) cannulation techniques. The aim of this study was to compare the outcome between these two cannulation techniques. A retrospective study was performed at Düsseldorf University Hospital from October 2009 through June 2011. Inclusion criteria ...
Ali Ayman A Central Remedial Clinic, Vernon Avenue, Clontarf, Dublin 3, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The association of leg length discrepancy (LLD) with a number of clinical disorders has made its determination a significant part of the physical examination. We believe that submalleolar causes of LLD may be under-acknowledged. The most common clinical method used to measure LLD is by tape from the anterior superior ...
Mikhaylov Yana Y Department of Neurosurgery, University of Michigan, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, Room 3552 TC, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5338, - - 2014
Use of an external ventricular drain (EVD) is essential for managing patients with hydrocephalus or intracranial hypertension. While this procedure is safe and efficacious, ventriculostomy-associated infections (VAI) continue to cause significant morbidity. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of antibiotic-coated EVD (AC-EVD) in reducing the occurrence of VAI. Between ...
Green David D King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Denmark Hill, London SE5 9RS, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent guidelines from the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and the UK National Health Service (NHS) have stipulated that intraoperative flow monitoring should be used in high-risk patients undergoing major surgery to improve outcomes and reduce costs. Depth of anaesthesia monitoring is also recommended for patients where ...
Lee Jeong-Hoon JH Department of Internal Medicine and Liver Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
The efficacy of entecavir (ETV) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients who were exposed to lamivudine (LAM), but had no detectable LAM-resistance (LAM-R) is not well evaluated. In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether the probability of developing genotypic resistance to ETV in LAM-exposed patients with/without LAM-R is comparable ...
Dreyfus Julien J Department of Cardiology, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Bichat Hospital, Paris, - - 2014
Whether a percutaneous mitral commissurotomy (PMC) should be attempted in patients with mitral stenosis (MS) and valvular calcification, especially located at the commissural level remained debated. We sought to evaluate the impact of the degree and location of mitral valve calcifications on PMC results. Over a 3-year period, we enrolled ...
Krishna Vibhor V Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Neuroscience, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We evaluated long-term outcomes of posterior fossa decompression (PFD) without duroplasty in consecutive patients with newly diagnosed Chiari-1 malformation. We searched the institutional database for all adult patients who underwent Chiari decompression between 1995 and 2007. PFD was offered to all consecutive patients with Chairi-1 malformation during this time period. ...
Voykov Bogomil B Centre for Ophthalmology, University Hospital Tübingen, Schleichstr. 12-16, 72076, Tübingen, Germany, - - 2014
Glaucoma is one of the sight-threatening complications of Fuchs' uveitis syndrome (FUS) and the most difficult to manage. The goal of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of cyclophotocoagulation (CPC) in the management of glaucoma secondary to FUS. In a retrospective analysis, the charts of all patients ...
Wardhan Richa R Department of Anesthesiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 532 S Aiken Avenue, Suite 407, Pittsburgh, PA, 15232, - - 2014
Continuous lumbar plexus block (LPB) is a well-accepted technique for regional analgesia after THA. However, many patients experience considerable quadriceps motor weakness with this technique, thus impairing their ability to achieve their physical therapy goals. We asked whether L2 paravertebral block (PVB) provides better postoperative analgesia (defined as decreased postoperative ...
Chang Chih-Hsiang CH Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, 5, Fu-Hsin Street, Kweishan, Taoyuan, - - 2014
Systemic tranexamic acid can decrease blood loss and rates of transfusion in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, the efficacy of topical tranexamic acid in THA has only recently been characterized in a small number of studies. The purpose of this study was to compare (1) the greatest hemoglobin ...
Luria Shai S *Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center †Alyn Hospital, Jerusalem, - - 2014
Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a group of inherited, mechanobullous disorders caused by mutations in various structural proteins in the skin. The manifestation of these disorders in the hand is of digital contractures and pseudosyndactyly or "cocoon hands," causing significant functional impairment.Our preferred surgical treatment of these patients involves separation of ...
Mannacio Vito V Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
An increasing number of patients presenting for urgent coronary surgery have been exposed to clopidogrel, which constitutes a risk of bleeding and related events. Based on the wide variability in clopidogrel response and platelet function recovery after cessation, we evaluated the role of point-of-care platelet function testing to define the ...
Boyd Joel L - - 2014
In the past decade, there has been a major increase in the use of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) as surgical techniques have been refined and patient selection has improved. UKAs now account for 8% to 10% of knee arthoplasty procedures. Recent studies have suggested excellent medium- and long-term results of ...
Chen Shih-Yin SY 430 Bedford St., Lexington, MA 02420, USA. - - 2014
Statins are efficacious in reducing the risk of major cardiovascular events for both primary and secondary prevention, yet long-term adherence is poor. Their effectiveness could be compromised in actual practice when patients are not adherent to the treatments. Higher copayments have been shown to be associated with lower adherence to ...
Guyuron Bahman B Cleveland and Akron, Ohio From the Department of Plastic Surgery, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine; University Hospitals of Cleveland Case Medical Center; and Northeastern Ohio Universities College of - - 2014
The senior author (B.G.) observed that patients who underwent forehead rejuvenation using a pretrichial incision did not experience hairline recession. The aim of this study was to objectively measure the effects of forehead rejuvenation on hairline recession. A 15-year retrospective review was performed in 31 forehead rejuvenation patients [17 endoscopic ...
Ramsay Michael A E MA Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas (Ramsay, Jacobson, Richardson, Brown, Hein), Baylor Research Institute (Newman, Rogers), and the Department of Quantitative Sciences, Baylor Health Care System (De Vol, Daoud), Dallas, - - 2014
The levels of sedation required for patients to comfortably undergo colonoscopy with propofol were examined. One hundred patients undergoing colonoscopy with propofol were enrolled. In addition to standard-of-care monitoring, sedation level was monitored with the Patient State Index (PSI) obtained from a brain function monitor, transcutaneous carbon dioxide (tcpCO2) was ...
Lee Bo Ra BR Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Anesthesia and Pain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, Korea. - - 2014
Purpose: Hypothermia adversely affects the coagulation that could be of clinical significance in patients receiving clopidogrel. We evaluated the influence of hypothermia on transfusion requirements in patients undergoing isolated off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) who continued clopidogrel use within 5 days of surgery. Materials and Methods: Protocol-based, prospectively entered ...
Vijayan S S Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Joint Reconstruction and Cartilage Transplantation Unit, Brockley Hill, Stanmore HA7 4LP, - - 2014
The management of failed autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) and matrix-assisted autologous chondrocyte implantation (MACI) for the treatment of symptomatic osteochondral defects in the knee represents a major challenge. Patients are young, active and usually unsuitable for prosthetic replacement. This study reports the results in patients who underwent revision cartilage transplantation ...
Bloch B V BV Leicester General Hospital, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Gwendolen Road, Leicester LE5 4PW, - - 2014
Since the introduction of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines on thromboprophylaxis and the use of extended thromboprophylaxis with new oral agents, there have been reports of complications arising as a result of their use. We have looked at the incidence of wound complications after the ...
Qvist Janne Fristrup JF Kardiologisk Afdeling, Herlev Hospital, Herlev Ringvej 75, 2730 Herlev, Denmark. - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a cardiac epidemic. In this study, we aimed to describe the causes of hospital-isation in an AF population over time and to study how different AF treatment strategies affected hospitalization. This was an observational study in which long-term follow-up data were collected from hospital records, discharge ...
Rahmath Muhammed Riyas K MR Division of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, CT Surgery, CCS, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, - - 2014
Systemic venous collaterals have been found at different stages of single-ventricle palliation, specifically after Kawashima operation. In this study, we present the incidence, clinical features, associated risk factors, and management of such venovenous collaterals (VVCs) after Kawashima procedure. A retrospective review of all the patients who underwent Kawashima procedure prior ...
Yanagimoto Hiroaki H Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to examine whether the development of cholangitis after preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) can increase the incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). The study population included 185 consecutive patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy from April 2006 to March 2011. All patients were divided into two groups, ...
Talwar Sachin S Cardiothoracic Center, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
We compared the early outcomes of patients undergoing extracardiac total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) with or without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Between February 2012 and February 2013, 27 patients undergoing TCPC without CPB (off-pump group) were compared with matched 27 patients undergoing TCPC on CPB (on-pump group). Outcome parameters studied were inotropic ...
Vayisoğlu Yusuf Y From the Departments of *Otorhinolaryngology and †Infectious Diseases, ‡Microbiology, Mersin University, Mersin; and §Otorhinolaryngology Clinics, Osmaniye State Hospital, Osmaniye, - - 2014
Direct rigid laryngoscopy (DRL) is a relatively simple and well-tolerated procedure that can provide both diagnostic and therapeutic benefits. There are no data regarding the risk of acquiring bacteremia after DRL. The purpose of this prospective study was to assess the frequency of bacteremia and nosocomial colonization following DRL and ...
Kicker Jennifer S JS From the *Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, Washington; and †Division of Pediatric Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia Children's Hospital, and Departments of ‡Neurosurgery and §Public Health Sciences, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, - - 2014
Total cranial vault craniosynostosis repairs often require additional blood transfusions in the intensive care unit. Vitamin K1 participates in hepatic production of procoagulant proteins, and body stores of vitamin K1 are limited and dietary dependent. Surgical stress and diet interference may place infants at risk for vitamin K deficiency. Through ...
Maltese Giovanni G From the Departments of *Plastic Surgery, and †Radiation Physics, Institute for Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, - - 2014
Metopic synostosis results in a keel-shaped forehead, hypotelorism, and an increased interparietal width. This study aimed to measure the frontal and total intracranial volume in patients with metopic synostosis before and after surgery and to compare the effect of 2 different operation methods. All patients operated for isolated metopic synostosis ...
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