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Results 351 - 400 of 4664
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Anderson Benjamin B University Hospitals Coventry and - - 2014
Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy (CRT) is known to improve morbidity and mortality in selected patients with heart failure. The left ventricular (LV) lead is commonly placed percutaneously via the coronary sinus with a 10-13% failure rate. Epicardial lateralLV lead placement via a left submammary incision is an alternative method when the ...
Till Richard R Imperial College London/Royal Brompton - - 2014
Treatment with oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT) reduces the risk of stroke in patients with AF. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of undiagnosed paroxysmal AF using remotely collected data from non-anticoagulated HF patients with implanted cardiac devices, and to estimate the risk of stroke and bleeding in such individuals ...
Lee Young-Hee YH Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Wonju, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES) to ankle dorsiflexor (DF) and ankle plantarflexor (PF) on kinematic and kinetic parameters of hemiplegic gait. Fourteen post-stroke hemiplegic patients were considered in this study. Electrical stimulation was delivered to ankle DF during the swing phase and ankle PF during the ...
Sunder Raj L L Department of Gastroenterology, Cardiff and Vale University Health Board, Cardiff, UKDepartment of Hepatology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, - - 2014
Patients with BCS and short stenosis of the hepatic vein or the upper IVC can be treated with recanalisation by percutaneous venoplasty ± hepatic vein stent insertion. Recent data suggests >60% failure rate (PMID 23389867). We studied the long-term outcomes of this approach in our institution. Retrospective analysis of patients ...
Vassiliou Vassilis V Royal Brompton - - 2014
Predicting prognosis following aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) remains challenging. Current guidelines recommend that surgery should be offered when ejection fraction (EF) is <50%. We sought to investigate the prognostic significance of EF calculated by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in the long term survival of ...
Katsinelos Panagiotis P *Department of Endoscopy and Motility Unit, G. Gennimatas General Hospital; School of Medicine ‡2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Hippokratio Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki †Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospital of Thessaly, Larissa, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare pure coagulation and blended current in the resection of large colorectal sessile polyps (SPs). Between January 2009 and June 2012, 84 patients (45 men, 39 women; median age 66 y; range, 42 to 88 y) with large colorectal SPs (diameter ≥2 cm) ...
Renew Johnathan R - - 2014
When patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) miss their routine intermittent hemodialysis (IHD), electrolyte abnormalities and volume overload often occur. An institutional protocol to ensure that patients receiving IHD have elective surgeries scheduled within 24 hours after their dialysis may reduce procedural delays or cancellations caused by hyperkalemia and hypervolemia ...
Iglesias-Martín F F Facultad de Odontología de Sevilla, C/ Avicena s/n 41009, Sevilla (SPAIN), - - 2014
Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the use of amoxicillin (1g) vs amoxicillin and clavulanate (875/125mg) after extraction of retained third molars for prevention of infectious complications. Study Design: The study involved 546 patients attending for removal a retained third molar and divided in to two groups: ...
Kama Ahmet A The Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, - - 2014
There is no evidence regarding the several short-term prophylaxis protocols for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) that may be most feasibly convenient in emergency settings. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacies of short-term CIN prophylaxis protocols of normal saline, N-acetylcysteine (NAC) plus saline, and sodium bicarbonate plus saline ...
Cakiroglu B B Hisar Intercontinental Hospital Deparment of Urology, Umraniye Istanbul, Turkey - - - 2014
The aim of this paper was to investigate whether renal papillae of patients with nephrolithiasis are more radiodense than that of control patients and to evaluate the predictability of urolithiasis using papillary density differences between stone and non-stone formers. Renal papillary Hounsfield Unit (HU) measurements were conducted at the level ...
Arslan Murat M Izmir University School of Medicine, Department of Urology, Izmir. - - 2014
Objective: We compared polyglecaprone (Monocryl®) and bidirectional barbed (V-Loc® 180) running sutures during urethrovesial anastomosis (UVA) in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP). Materials and methods: A total of 92 consecutive patients underwent extraperitoneal LRP for prostate cancer. In the first 47 patients, the running UVA was performed using 3-0 monofilament polyglecaprone ...
Grant C C Department of Gastroenterology, Royal Derby Hospital, - - 2014
Over the last decade, the numbers of patients presenting with chronic liver disease has risen. During this period the approach to the treatment of variceal bleeding has undergone important changes both internationally (adoption of early TIPSS in high risk cases), and locally with the development of a 24 h endoscopy ...
Chapman T T Department of Gastroenterology, Wycombe and Stoke Mandeville Hospitals, Buckinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust, Buckinghamshire, - - 2014
Self expanding metallic stent (SEMS) placement effectively palliates malignant dysphagia, most commonly due to oesophageal cancer. Typically stents are placed under fluoroscopic guidance, but some centres use direct vision endoscopy as an alternative.(1) There are however little data comparing the two techniques. At our 2-hospital institution, all patients presenting to ...
Ekinci Metin - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), the ganglion cell layer (GCL), and choroid thickness (CT) in patients who have migraines, with and without aura, using spectral optical coherence tomography (OCT). Forty-five patients who had migraines without aura (Group 1), ...
Dieckmann Ralf - - 2014
Tumors of the distal femur and diaphysis with proximal metaphyseal extension into the femur present a challenge for limb salvage. The conventional treatment consists of limb salvage with total femur replacement. This case study aims to present preliminary results and experience with short-stem reconstruction, focusing on the mechanical stability of ...
Reisch Robert R Centre for Endoscopic and Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery, Klinik Hirslanden, Zurich, - - 2014
Object The supraorbital approach through an eyebrow incision offers the opportunity to access a wide variety of lesions of the anterior, middle, and even the posterior fossa. The minimally invasive keyhole craniotomy limits brain exploration and retraction and offers the potential for improved surgical outcomes and reduced approach-related complications. Patient ...
Nomura Hiroshi H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hiroshima Red Cross Hospital & Atomic-Bomb Survivors Hospital, Hiroshima; - - 2014
Object The authors sought to quantify the clinical outcome of microscopic lumbar spinous process-splitting laminectomy in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). They performed a microscopic laminectomy in which the spinous process is split longitudinally into 2 halves. For single-level decompression, they inserted a tubular retractor between the split process. ...
Streit Marcus R MR Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma - - 2014
Background and purpose - Uncemented acetabular components in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) are commonly used today, but few studies have evaluated their survival into the second decade in young and active patients. We report on a minimum 10-year follow-up of an uncemented press-fit acetabular component that is still in ...
Guillen Astete Carlos C Servicio de Reumatología, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España; Consulta de Urgencias Reumatológicas y Musculoesqueléticas, Servicio de Urgencias, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España; Servicio de Urgencias, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to determine the rate of bleeding complications in patient's anticoagulated with acenocoumarol according to the international normalized ratio (INR) coagulation index. A cross-sectional study was performed with 901 charts of patients who underwent arthrocentesis or joint infiltration between 2009 and 2013; the charts were ...
Korc-Grodzicki Beatriz B *Geriatrics Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY †Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY ‡Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY §Thoracic Service, Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY ¶Gynecologic Medical Oncology Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, - - 2014
This study aimed to describe the implementation of preoperative geriatric assessment (GA) in patients undergoing major cancer surgery and to determine predictors of postoperative delirium. Geriatric surgical patients have unique vulnerabilities and are at increased risk of developing postoperative delirium. Geriatricians at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center risk-stratify surgical patients ...
Issa Kimona K Center for Joint Preservation and Replacement, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, - - 2014
Currently, the readmission rates for patients treated with cruciate-retaining (CR) prostheses have not been widely evaluated. The purpose of this study was to report on readmission rates after CR total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) and to evaluate the potential contributing factors for these events. We reviewed a prospectively collected database of ...
Bhatia Nidhi N Department of Anaesthesia & Intensive Care, PostGraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh 160012, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of subcostal TAP block and to compare its efficacy with that of posterior TAP block in decreasing postoperative pain in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy during general anesthesia. Prospective, randomized, double-blind study. Academic medical center. 60 adult, ASA physical status 1 and 2 patients of both genders, ...
Dimitrakakis Georgios G Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University Hospital of Wales, Heath Park Campus, Cardiff, UK - - 2014
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was in osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) patients with valve disease undergoing valve replacement which type of valve (bioprosthetic or mechanical) is most appropriate in terms of safety, complications and survival. Altogether more than 77 ...
Braga Marco M Department of Surgery, San Raffaele Hospital, Vita-Salute University, Via Olgettina 60, 20132, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS(®)) pathways have reduced morbidity and length of hospital stay (LOS) in orthopedics, bariatric, and colorectal surgery. New perioperative care protocols have been tested in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), with controversial results on morbidity. Incomplete data about ERAS items compliance have been reported. The aim of ...
Al-Hadithy Nawfal N Luton and Dunstable Hospital, Luton, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) is an accepted treatment for patients with pseudoparalysis due to cuff tear arthropathy. There have been limited studies with midterm clinical and radiologic results. We present our results for a single surgeon from a district general hospital. Forty-one consecutive Delta III RSAs were performed by an ...
Adelmann D D Department of Anesthesiology, General Intensive Care and Pain Control, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, - - 2014
Postoperative haemorrhage in neurosurgery is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. There is controversy whether or not factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency leads to bleeding complications after craniotomy. Decreased fibrinogen levels have been associated with an increased incidence of bleeding complications in cardiac and orthopaedic surgery. The aim of this study ...
Jauregui-Amezaga Aranzazu A *Department of Gastroenterology, Institut de Malalties Digestives i Metabòliques, Hospital Clínic, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas (CIBERehd), Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; and †Department of Pathology, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of advanced endoscopy for prediction of relapse in ulcerative colitis, in comparison with serum and fecal biomarkers. Patients with ulcerative colitis with sustained clinical remission defined as absence of blood in stool for a minimum of 3 months and Mayo ...
Hie Miguel M Service de Medecine Interne, CHU La Pitie-Salpetriere, AP-HP, Paris, - - 2014
In acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), the persistence of severe ADAMTS13 deficiency (<10%) during remission is associated with more relapse. Preemptive (i.e., after remission) administration of rituximab in these patients to prevent relapses remains controversial. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 12-year follow-up data to compare the relapse incidence after ...
Hishikawa Tomohito T Department of Neurological Surgery, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Kita-ku, Okayama, 700-8558, Japan, - - 2014
The object of this study was to compare the long-term outcomes in adult patients with moyamoya disease (MMD) with posterior circulation involvement (PCi) treated through surgical revascularization with those in adult patients without PCi. The records of 32 consecutive adult patients with ischemic-type MMD who were treated with revascularization were ...
Abdelkafy Ashraf A Orthopaedic Surgery and Trauma Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Circular Road, Ismailia, 41522, Egypt, - - 2014
The purpose was to evaluate the clinical results of arthroscopic meniscal repair of long vertical longitudinal tears using combined cruciate and horizontal suture techniques. Single surgeon retrospective case series study. A total of 38 patients having long vertical longitudinal tears were operated using combined cruciate and horizontal suture techniques. Two ...
Brinkrolf Peter P Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Münster, Munster, - - 2014
This review presents current data on the systemic administration of lidocaine. The focus is on studies in the perioperative setting. In addition, there is a brief look at experimental data on the effect of lidocaine at the molecular level. Several recent randomized prospective studies have reported lower postoperative pain values ...
Chung Yoo-Ri YR Department of Ophthalmology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine , Seoul , Korea - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To analyze chronological changes in ocular manifestations of Behçet's disease (BD) in Korean patients. Methods: Ocular findings were retrospectively analyzed from medical records of patients diagnosed with BD between 1994 and 2010 and divided into two groups according to the date of their first visit to our ophthalmology ...
Li Z Z Department of Neurosurgery, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai, China - - - 2014
Resection of insula-basal ganglia (IBG) gliomas is challenging because of their deep location and vicinity to critical structures, whereas diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) can noninvasively delineate the tracks of white matter fibers. This study aims to evaluate the role of cortico-spinal tract (CST) positions in prediction of the prognosis of ...
Batistaki Chrysanthi C Chrysanthi Batistaki, George Michalopoulos, Paraskevi Matsota, Konstantinos Kalimeris, Maria Riga, Maria Nakou, Georgia Kostopanagiotou, 2 Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, University of Athens, "Attikon" University Hospital, 12462 Athens, - - 2014
To investigate CYP2E1 IgG4 autoantibody levels and liver biochemical markers in adult patients after anesthesia with desflurane. Forty patients who were > 18 years old and undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia with desflurane were studied. Alpha-glutathione-S-transferase (αGST) and IgG4 antibodies against CYP2E1 were measured preoperatively and 96 h postoperatively, ...
Ross James R JR Broward Orthopedic Specialists, Fort Lauderdale, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to define the clinical and disease characteristics in patients who fail hip arthroscopy and require periacetabular osteotomy. Thirty patients (30 hips) who underwent a PAO, following a failed hip arthroscopy were identified from a multicenter database. Eighty-seven percent were female and the average age ...
Rashedi Nina N Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
The outcomes of patients with mixed aortic valve disease (MAVD; concurrent aortic stenosis [AS] and aortic regurgitation [AR]) and its optimum management are undefined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the natural history of MAVD. Between 2000 and 2005, 524 asymptomatic adults (mean age, 66 ± 14 years; ...
Yamaguchi Daisuke D Department of Internal Medicine and Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Saga Medical School, Saga 849-8501, - - 2014
This study aimed to clarify the features of nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding in Japanese patients taking antithrombotic agents and clarify the management situation of upper gastrointestinal bleeding with antithrombotic agents. We retrospectively investigated the medical records of 560 patients who underwent emergency endoscopy for upper gastrointestinal bleeding from 2002 to ...
Taunton Michael J MJ Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN - - 2014
This study sought to prospectively examine the clinical and radiographic differences between direct anterior (DA-THA) and mini-posterior approach total hip arthroplasty (MPA-THA). Fifty-four patients were prospectively randomized to either MPA or DA-THA. Patient recorded diaries were collected. Radiographs were reviewed. SF-36, WOMAC and HHS scores were tabulated. Time to ambulation ...
Pritchard Charles H - - 2014
As recommended in the current prescribing information, rituximab infusions in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) take 4.25 hours for the first infusion and 3.25 hours for subsequent infusions, which is a burden on patients and the health care system. We therefore evaluated the safety of infusing rituximab at a faster ...
Ullery Brant W BW Division of Vascular Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, - - 2014
Shuttering occurs when a scallop or fenestration does not align perfectly with the target vessel ostium and is potentially minimized by stenting. The current United States Food and Drug Administration-approved fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (f-EVAR) device is most commonly configured with an unstented superior mesenteric artery (SMA) scallop, thereby subjecting ...
Taha A M AM Department of Anaesthesia, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt; Department of Anaesthesia, Abu Dhabi Knee and Sports Medicine Centre, Abu-Dhabi, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to estimate the minimal effective anaesthetic concentrations of ropivacaine required to block the femoral nerve in 90% of patients. Forty-five patients who had knee surgery received ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block using 15 ml ropivacaine. The ropivacaine concentration given to a patient relied on the efficacy ...
Han Guang G Department of Anesthesiology, Shengjing Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2014
Objective: To compare the hemodynamics after combined spinal-epidural anesthesia (CSEA) between decubitus and sitting positions in aged patients undergoing total hip replacement. Methods: A total of 80 aged patients who underwent CSEA for elective total hip replacement were randomly divided into a decubitus position group (group D) and a sitting ...
Branford Susan S Department of Genetics and Molecular Pathology, Centre for Cancer Biology, SA Pathology, Adelaide, SA, Australia; - - 2014
In CML patients, a BCR-ABL1 value >10% at 3 months of therapy is statistically associated with poorer outcome, yet many of these patients still achieve satisfactory outcomes. We investigated 528 first-line imatinib-treated patients to determine whether patients with the poorest outcome can be better discriminated at 3 months. All outcomes ...
Mehta Gautam U GU Surgical Neurology Branch, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland; - - 2014
Object Primary empty sella syndrome (ESS) results from herniation of arachnoid mater into the pituitary fossa. It has been suggested to have a negative effect on pituitary surgery; however, outcomes in this cohort have not been defined. This study was performed to determine the effect of ESS on immediate and ...
Burgess Lindsey D LD Department of Pharmacy, Duke University Hospital, Durham, North - - 2014
To determine whether the addition of piperacillin-tazobactam leads to an increased incidence of nephrotoxicity in patients receiving vancomycin and to explore potential confounding factors that may increase the risk of vancomycin-induced nephrotoxicity. Single-center, retrospective cohort study. Large, academic, tertiary-care hospital. One hundred ninety-one adults hospitalized between July 1, 2009, and ...
Vedantam Aditya A 1Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX USA 2Department of Neurological Sciences, Christian Medical College, Vellore - - 2014
Study Design. Retrospective studyObjective. To study the change in morphology of T2-weighted (T2W) increased signal intensity (ISI) and its association with functional outcome after central corpectomy for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) and ossified posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL).Summary of Background Data. There are limited data on change in T2W ISI morphology ...
Bürger Heinz K HK Privat Hospital Maria Hilf, Klagenfurt, Austria; Trauma Department, Unfallkrankenhaus, Austria; Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital Salzburg, Austria; Curtis National Hand Center, MedStar Union Memorial Hospital, Baltimore, - - 2014
To describe the operative technique and report the results of 16 consecutive cases of arthroplasty for advanced Kienböck disease using a vascularized osteochondral graft from the medial femoral trochlea (MFT) with a minimum 12-month follow-up. Chart reviews of 16 cases of osteochondral MFT flap transfers for lunate reconstruction were performed ...
Werner Brian C BC Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia, - - 2014
To determine the incidence of postoperative stiffness after open and arthroscopic biceps tenodesis, compare the incidence between each method, and determine relevant risk factors for its occurrence. A consecutive series of patients who underwent biceps tenodesis during a 3-year period were retrospectively reviewed. We evaluated 249 patients, which included 143 ...
Chen Lin - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhymia, and it results in increased risk of thromboembolism and decreased cardiac function. In patients undergoing cardiac surgery, concomitant radiofrequency ablation to treat AF is effective in restoring sinus rhythm (SR). This study is an observational cohort study aimed to investigate the safety and ...
Sperlongano Pasquale P Dipartimento della Donna, del Bambino e di Chirurgia generale e specialistica, Naples, Italy- Second University of Naples - Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
180 total thyroidectomy case studies performed by the same operator in the years 2006 to 2010, all done with sutureless technique (Ligasure precise ®). The monitoring of patients involved a dose of serum calcium on the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and seventh post-operative, before the ambulatory monitoring of the patient.Treatment of ...
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