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Results 301 - 350 of 4467
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Kingsbury Trevor T Naval Medical Center, San Diego, CA, 92134, USA, - - 2014
Two surgical techniques for performing a transtibial amputation include a traditional approach and a bone bridge approach. To date, there is no conclusive evidence of superiority of either technique in terms of temporal-spatial, kinetic, and mechanical work parameters. We sought to compare instrumented three-dimensional gait parameters and mechanical work measurements ...
Lee Dae Seung DS Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To classify patients with intermittent exotropia (IXT) according to the level of near stereopsis, evaluate postoperative stereoacuity and assess the surgical outcomes among groups. The records of 137 patients with IXT were reviewed. Patients were divided into three groups based on the degree of stereopsis: good (40-60 arcsec), moderate (80-200 arcsec) and ...
Park Myung-Sik MS Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Research Institute of Clinical Medicine, Jeonju, Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess complications related to arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and how these complications have changed as we have gained more experience with this procedure. The authors reviewed 200 hips (197 patients). The average patient age was 44.64 years and the mean follow-up time was ...
Kaza Aditya K AK Section of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Utah School of Medicine and Primary Children's Hospital, Salt Lake City, UT, - - 2014
Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) after heart transplantation (HT) is an important predictor of postoperative outcomes. We hypothesize that PVR and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) will exhibit favourable pulmonary vascular remodelling in patients with failing cavopulmonary connection (CPC) after HT. Retrospective analysis of patients with superior CPC (SCPC) and total ...
Chung Su Ryeun SR Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Treatment of long-segment congenital tracheal stenosis (CTS) remains challenging. Recently, slide tracheoplasty has become the standard approach in many centres. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of slide tracheoplasty. Between 2004 and 2011, 18 patients underwent slide tracheoplasty in our centre. The median patient age ...
Miller Emily J EJ Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Motion Analysis Laboratory, 200 First Street SW, Charlton North L-110, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2014
For total knee arthroplasty (TKA), neutral mechanical alignment produces balanced static knee loading. Dynamically, knee loading is affected by more than limb static alignment. We compared static and dynamic knee loading following TKA. Fifteen TKA patients were evaluated pre-operatively and 2 months and 2 years post-operatively. Tibiofemoral angles and medial ...
Jennings William C WC Department of Surgery, University of Oklahoma, Tulsa, Okla. Electronic address: - - 2014
Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are recommended for hemodialysis access when possible. A noncannulatable but otherwise well functioning AVF leads to prolonged catheter dependency and frustration for the patient and the renal health care provider team. Difficult cannulation patients include obese individuals in whom cannulation sites are too deep, and others with ...
Santiago-Dieppa David D Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 North Wolfe Street, Meyer 7-113, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA; Spinal Column Biomechanics and Surgical Outcomes Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Non-instrumented lumbar fusion is an accepted technique for the treatment of various spinal degenerative pathologies. The purpose of this study is to report long-term outcomes of patients undergoing in situ fusion. A retrospective review was performed at a single institution over a 20year period. The main outcome variables were symptom ...
Wittayapairoj Kriangkrai - - 2014
Failure of pedicle screw fixation is often seen in patients with severe osteoporosis. We developed new lumbar spinal instrumentation (Tadpole system) for elderly patients who have osteoporotic bone and poor general health status. The objective of this study was to document the long-term clinical outcomes after Tadpole system fixation, the ...
Bębenek Marek M 1 Department of Surgical Oncology, Regional Comprehensive Cancer Center, Wroclaw, - - 2014
Abdominosacral resection (ASR) usually required blood transfusions, which are virtually no longer in use in the modified abdominosacral amputation of the rectum (ASAR). The aim of this study was to compare the intra-operative bleeding in low-rectal patients subjected to ASR or ASAR. The study included low-rectal cancer patients subjected to ...
Glynn Aaron A The Rothman Institute at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Evidence for optimal management of the patellofemoral joint in revision surgery for the infected TKA is limited. We reviewed 69 infected TKAs undergoing two-stage revision. Fifty four patellae were resurfaced, 11 had patelloplasty performed, two were augmented with trabecular metal, one had impaction grafting, and one knee underwent patellectomy. Average ...
Vickers Andrew J AJ Health Outcomes Research Group, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
To develop prediction models to help counsel post-radical prostatectomy patients about functional recovery. The study included 2162 patients undergoing radical prostatectomy at a major cancer center, who reported urinary and erectile function at 1 year or at 2 years and at least 1 prior follow-up at 3, 6, 9, or 12 months. We ...
Chen Chun-Ku CK Department of Radiology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, - - 2014
In this study, we assessed the association between the tortuosity of the thoracic aorta as measured by the reporting standards for thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR), described by the Society for Vascular Surgery, and midterm outcomes after TEVAR for atherosclerotic aneurysms. We analyzed 77 consecutive patients who underwent TEVAR for ...
Ou Yen-Chuan YC Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan; School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, China, - - 2014
To analyze the learning curve for cancer control from an initial 250 cases (Group I) and subsequent 250 cases (Group II) of robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) performed by a single surgeon. Five hundred consecutive patients with clinically localized prostate cancer received RALP and were evaluated. Surgical parameters and perioperative ...
Persson Carina U - - 2014
A frequently used clinical test to assess mobility after stroke is the Timed Up & Go. Knowledge regarding whether or not the Timed Up & Go is able to detect change over time in patients with stroke, whether improvements in mobility exist after the first three months and whether or ...
Roostaeian Jason J Dr Roostaeian is a clinical instructor at the University of California, Los Angeles - - 2014
Background:Body contouring that involves abdominoplasty and/or liposuction is a common cosmetic surgery procedure. Although single-staged lipoabdominoplasty has gained popularity, safety concerns remain.Objectives:The authors compared abdominal flap perfusion and overall complication rates for traditional abdominoplasty and limited-undermining lipoabdominoplasty.Methods:Eighteen abdominoplasty patients were evaluated in a prospective study. All patients were nonsmokers and ...
Gombotz Hans H Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, General Hospital Linz, Linz, - - 2014
Five years after the first Austrian benchmark study demonstrated relatively high transfusion rate and an abundance of nonindicated transfusions in elective surgeries, this study was conducted to investigate the effects of the first benchmark study. Data from 3164 patients undergoing primary unilateral total hip replacement (THR), primary unilateral noncemented total ...
Perner Anders A Department of Intensive Care, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, 2100, Copenhagen, Denmark, - - 2014
We assessed long-term mortality and hospitalisation in patients with severe sepsis resuscitated with hydroxyethyl starch (HES) or Ringer's acetate. This was an investigator-initiated, parallel-grouped, blinded randomised trial using computer-generated allocation sequence and centralised allocation data that included 804 patients with severe sepsis needing fluid resuscitation in 26 general intensive care ...
Wen Yiyun Y Department of Anesthesiology, Hunan Provincial Tumor Hospital, The Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Xiangya Medical School of Central South University, Changsha, - - 2014
Vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1ß(IL-1ß) have been shown to be associated with the recurrence and metastasis of breast cancer after surgery. This study tested the hypothesis that patients undergoing surgery for breast cancer, who received postoperative analgesia with flurbiprofen axetil combined with small doses ...
Lavingia Kedar S KS Division of Vascular Surgery, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, - - 2014
Intramural hematoma (IMH), penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer (PAU), and aortic dissection comprise a spectrum of acute aortic pathologies. Although thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has increasingly been applied to aortic dissection, there is a paucity of data on the anatomic effect of TEVAR for IMH. Our goal was to investigate the ...
Aljebreen Abdulrahman M AM Abdulrahman M Aljebreen, Majid A Almadi, Gastroenterology Division, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh 11461, Saudi - - 2014
To compare sedated to unsedated colonoscopy in terms of duration, pain and the patient's willingness to repeat the procedure. Consecutive patients who underwent colonoscopies over a 2-year period were invited to participate. All patients who were to undergo our endoscopy unit were offered sedation with standard intravenous sedatives and analgesics, ...
Lizza Bryan D BD Department of Pharmacy, Northwestern Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
To determine whether preadmission statin use in patients with spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is associated with improved functional outcomes and a lower incidence of delayed cerebral ischemic events compared with statin-naive patients with SAH. Prospective cohort study. Neurosciences intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital. A total of 295 ...
Burkhardt Till T Departments of *Neurosurgery †Anaesthesiology, University Medical Center, Hamburg-Eppendorf, - - 2014
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is common after general anesthesia and are reported by approximately 20% to 25% of all patients and up to 39% of patients undergoing neurosurgical procedures. The most common standard prophylaxis is a single application of 4 mg of dexamethasone before initiating anesthesia. Dexamethasone is known ...
Ozorak Marek M Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty Hospital, Nové Zâmky, Slovak - - 2014
Background. The aim of all shoulder joint stabilization surgery is to prevent further dislocation and restore anatomical continuity of the capsule-labral complex to the anterior and inferior edge of the glenoid. In this study, the authors analyzed the results of arthroscopic stabilization techniques using the method of suture anchors in ...
Chang Chun C 1Department of Respiratory Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital , Beijing , - - 2014
Abstract Bacterial infection is a major cause of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD), which are associated with significantly increased airway and systemic inflammation. However, the relationship among bacteriology, the resolution of inflammation and clinical outcomes is largely unknown. In this study, we recruited consecutive patients hospitalized for ...
Roshanali Farideh F Department of Cardiology, Day General Hospital, Tehran, - - 2014
We used a modified technique of a composite graft by moving the valve prosthesis away from the end into the inside of the tube and compared the effectiveness of this surgical method with the standard valved conduits. Through a prospective nonrandomized clinical study between March 2011 and June 2012, we ...
Kawano Shinji S Intensive Care Unit, Department of Anesthesiology, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
Antithrombin III (ATIII) of low doses (1500-3000 units per day for 3-5 days) has been used for treatment of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) for decades in Japan. In this study, we have examined the impact of ATIII practice change on outcome in critically ill patients with sepsis and DIC. From ...
Sheng Qin Song QS Department of Colorectal and Anal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, - - 2014
To compare the efficacy and safety between hand-assisted laparoscopic colectomy (HALC) and open colectomy (OC) for patients with slow transit constipation (STC). Data of patients with STC who underwent total colectomy from January 2008 to December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed after clinical evaluation and the exclusion of secondary causes. These ...
Lim Choon-Hak CH Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Korea University Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine whether pulsatile or nonpulsatile perfusion had a greater effect on pulmonary dysfunction in randomized controlled trials. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were used to identify available articles published before April 13, 2013. A meta-analysis was conducted on ...
Cochet Hubert H Department of cardiovascular imaging, CHU / Université de Bordeaux, Pessac, France; L'Institut de Rythmologie et de Modélisation Cardiaque LIRYC, CHU, / Université de Bordeaux / INSERM U1045, Pessac, - - 2014
The atrial outcome after extensive ablation is unknown. We sought to quantify atrial structure and function years after successful ablation for persistent atrial fibrillation (PsAF). We studied after 80±15 months 26 patients (54±8 yrs, 1 women) with PsAF successfully treated by ablation (2.2±0.7 stepwise approach procedures, cumulative RF duration 126±37 ...
Hietala Pauliina P Heart Center, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland; Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, - - 2014
The purpose was to evaluate the short-term (30-day) and long-term (1,000-day) prognostic values of perioperative troponin T (TnT) and electrocardiographic (ECG) findings in hip fracture patients. A consecutive cohort of 200 patients (68 men) was enrolled. Blinded TnT levels and ECG were assessed on admission, before operation, and on first ...
Spieth Peter M - - 2014
General anesthesia usually requires mechanical ventilation, which is traditionally accomplished with constant tidal volumes in volume- or pressure-controlled modes. Experimental studies suggest that the use of variable tidal volumes (variable ventilation) recruits lung tissue, improves pulmonary function and reduces systemic inflammatory response. However, it is currently not known whether patients ...
Ferrone Philip J PJ Island Vitreoretinal Consultants, Great Neck, New York, - - 2014
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a degenerative process that leads to severe vision loss. Wet AMD is defined by choroidal neovascularisation, leading to the accumulation of subretinal fluid (SRF), macular oedema (ME), and pigment epithelium detachments (PED). Purpose To evaluate the initial clinical experience of conversion from bevacizumab or ranibizumab ...
Ghazipour Ali A Department of Otolaryngology, Ahwaz University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, - - 2014
Lateral osteotomies are used in rhinoplasty to narrow the nasal bones, close the open roof deformity after hump removal, and achieve symmetry of an asymmetrical framework. But this procedure causes periorbital oedema & ecchymosis. Different techniques have been described for lateral osteotomy. To compare the postoperative ecchymosis and oedema after ...
Okabe Hirohisa H Departments of aGastroenterological Surgery bDiagnostic Radiology, Graduate School of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University cDepartment of Multidisciplinary Treatment for Gastroenterological Cancer, Kumamoto University Hospital, Kumamoto, - - 2014
Tc-galactosyl human serum albumin (GSA) scintigraphy is helpful in estimating liver function and the extent of liver fibrosis. Estimation of the liver function necessary for evaluating hepatic resection damage may be difficult in patients with chronic liver damage because of the discrepancy between liver functional parameters. The aim of this ...
Fuks Aleksandr M AM Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai program at Queens Hospital Center, Jamaica, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to assess the effect of prophylactic adjunctive rectal administration of misoprostol on reduction of blood loss at vaginal delivery and incidence of postpartum anemia. Open-label, randomized prospective trial of 143 term singleton pregnancies, 2011-2013. Exclusion criteria were grand multiparity, multiple gestations, intrauterine fetal demise, ...
Böning Andreas A Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Giessen, Giessen, - - 2014
Objective Reoperations after aortic valve replacement (AVR) with stentless valve prostheses are believed to be surgically more difficult than after stented prostheses. Methods Between January 1996 and December 2006, 1,340 of 3,785 patients with AVR in a single institution received a stentless valve prosthesis in aortic position (Medtronic Freestyle, Medtronic GmbH, Meerbusch, ...
Edward Kim T T Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, - - 2014
Ultrasound-guided long-axis in-plane sciatic perineural catheter insertion has been described but not validated. For the popliteal-sciatic nerve, we hypothesized that a long-axis in-plane technique, placing the catheter parallel and posterior to the nerve, results in faster onset of sensory anesthesia compared to a short-axis in-plane technique. Preoperatively, patients receiving a ...
Leedahl David D DD Pharmacy Services, Sanford Medical Center, Fargo, North Dakota;, †Pharmacy Services,, ‡Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, and, ‖Division of Nephrology and Hypertension and Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, §Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine and Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, - - 2014
To promote early detection of AKI, recently proposed pretest probability models combine sub-Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) AKI criteria with baseline AKI risk. The primary objective of this study was to determine sub-KDIGO thresholds that identify patients with septic shock at highest risk for AKI. This was a retrospective ...
Chen Wen W Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry for Natural Resource (Yunnan University), Ministry of Education, School of Chemical Science and Technology, Yunnan University, Kunming, 650091, P. R. China. zhanghb@ynu.edu.cn - - 2014
In the presence of iodine, a functional group compatible method for the deprotection of tert-butanesulfinyl and p-toluenesulfinyl units was developed.
Joshi Renu R Pinnacle Health System, Harrisburg, - - 2014
Objective To measure the efficacy and possible adverse consequences of tight Blood Glucose (BG) control when compared to relaxed control.Methods A retrospective, observational study was conducted at a community-based, teaching hospital system among adult, non-maternity hospitalized patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Tight glycemic control of BG was ...
Yasuuji Masakazu M Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Hiroshima University Hospital, Hiroshima 734-8551, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate whether a maneuver for repeated cycles of collapse and reexpansion of the operative lung, termed "intermittent reinflation" (IR), to counter hypoxemia during one-lung ventilation (OLV), results in a time-dependent alteration of extravascular lung water. Prospective, randomized clinical study. Operating room and postsurgical intensive care unit of a university ...
Kocabeyoglu Sibel S Department of Ophthalmology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara - - - 2014
To evaluate ocular surface changes secondary to periocular botulinum toxin A injection in patients with essential blepharospasm. Thirteen eyes of 13 patients with essential blepharospasm who underwent periocular botulinum toxin A injection were included in this prospective study. Patients were evaluated prior to and at 2-week and 1-, 3-, and ...
Li Qiang Q Intensive Care Unit, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, - - 2014
Colonization with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a risk factor for subsequent invasive MRSA infection, particularly in patients admitted for critical care. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors affecting nasal colonization of MRSA in patients admitted to intensive care units (ICU). Between August 1, 2011 ...
Fujii Takaaki T Department of General Surgical Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Gunma University, Gunma, - - 2014
Abstract The optimal timing of early oral intake after surgery has not been fully established. The objective of this study was to compare early oral intake at postoperative day 1 after resection of colorectal cancer with that of day 2 to identify the optimal timing for resumption of oral intake ...
Qu Yikun Y 1 General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Jiamusi University, Jiamusi, Helongjiang Province, - - 2014
Abstract The long-term outcomes of laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) versus open splenectomy (OS) in patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) are not known. A retrospective analysis of 73 patients who underwent splenectomy (32 LS and 41 OS) for refractory ITP between April 2003 and June 2012 was conducted. LS was associated ...
Chang Woo Ik WI Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
We investigated the efficacy of prophylactic pancreatic stent placement for preventing postprocedure pancreatitis in patients undergoing endoscopic papillectomy. This retrospective study included 82 consecutive patients who underwent endoscopic papillectomy for benign ampullary neoplasm at Samsung Medical Center between August 2002 and June 2011. The patients were subdivided into two groups, ...
Ferrero V V ENT Department, Gradenigo Hospital, Corso Regina Margherita 8/10, 10110, Turin, Italy, - - 2014
Some anatomo-functional alterations of the nose may be considered as possible causes of headache: deviations of the nasal septum, abnormal turbinates, especially middle or superior, with consequent areas of mucosal contact with the septum. This study was performed on 100 subjects, 27 chronic migraine (CM) sufferers and 73 subjects who ...
Radcliff Kristen E KE Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rothman Institute, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, PA, - - 2014
Adjacent segment disease (ASD) requiring treatment or re-operation is a common problem after surgery on the lumbar spine. The hypothesis of this retrospective study was that ASD occurs less often following lumbar spine fusion in patients who undergo percutaneous minimally invasive (MIS) instrumentation than in those in whom open instrumentation ...
Li Jingpei J 1 Division of Thoracic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China ; 2 Department of Cardio-thoracic Surgery, Jingjiang People's Hospital, Jingjiang 214500, - - 2014
To explore the safety and efficacy of modified cervical triangulating stapled anastomosis (TSA) for gastroesophageal anastomosis (GEA) in minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE). From January 2013 to November 2013, eighty-four patients who underwent three-stage MIE was enrolled. During the cervical stage, either circular stapled (CS) or triangulating stapled (TS) anastomosis was ...
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