Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 4664
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Dodson John A JA From the Division of Aging, Department of Medicine (J.A.D.), Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine (H.F., R.B., G.F.M., R.J., S.A.A., R.Y.K.), and Department of Radiology (M.S.), Brigham and Women's Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; and Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine (T.G.N., R.V.S.) and Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Department of Radiology (T.G.N.), Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Although pulmonary vein isolation has become a mainstream therapy for selected patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), late recurrent AF is common and its risk factors remain poorly defined. The purpose of our study was to test the hypothesis that reduced left atrial passive emptying function (LAPEF) as determined by cardiac ...
Xu Xu-Dong XD Department of Cardiology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical - - 2014
This study was undertaken to compare the clinical results of traditional surgery and a percutaneous procedure for secundum type atrial septal defect (ASD) combined with pulmonary valve stenosis (PS). A total of 78 consecutive patients were identified between March 2004 and July 2012 in our institution. Thirty-five patients (44.9%) underwent ...
Zatta Amanda A Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, - - 2014
Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) has been widely used as an off-licence pan-haemostatic agent in patients with critical bleeding. However, outside the trauma setting, there is relatively little high quality evidence on the risks and benefits of this agent. The Haemostasis Registry was established to investigate the extent of use, ...
Johnson Emilie K - - 2014
The use of buccal mucosa grafts (BMG) for urethral reconstruction has increased in popularity over the last several decades. Our aim was to describe our institutional experience with and outcomes after BMG urethroplasty. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of boys undergoing BMG urethral reconstruction. Preoperative and perioperative characteristics and ...
Patra S S Department of Cardiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, Bangalore, Karnataka, India - - 2014
Catheter-directed thrombolysis with assisted mechanical thrombolysis is the standard of medical care for proximal deep vein thrombosis. We studied the immediate and intermediate (six months) safety and effectiveness of catheter-directed thrombolysis in patients with proximal lower limb deep vein thrombosis. Thirty consecutive patients aged between 20 and 70 years with ...
Sauerhammer Tina M TM From the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, - - 2014
Ectocortical resorbable plate fixation has become a standard method of fixation during fronto-orbital advancement (FOA) in young children. Plate hydrolysis occurs slowly and can cause visible prominences, sterile abscesses, and osseous depressions that can persist after complete resorption. Although endocortical placement avoids contour issues, the safety and effectiveness of this ...
Pompili Cecilia C Department of Thoracic Surgery, Ospedali Riuniti Ancona, Ancona, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of digital versus traditional drainage devices on chest tube removal and patient satisfaction. A randomized trial of digital versus traditional devices after lobectomy/segmentectomy was conducted at 4 international centers (United Kingdom, Europe, Asia, United States). Patients were managed with overnight suction ...
Yu Pey-Jen PJ North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, New York - - 2014
Background: Preoperative malnutrition is increasingly prevalent in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Although prealbumin is a widely used indicator of nutrition status, its use in the preoperative assessment of patients undergoing cardiac surgery is not well defined. The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of preoperative prealbumin levels ...
Zakhary George M GM Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Louisiana State University School of Medicine - Shreveport, - - 2014
Provide outcome data for open cranial vault reshaping at a single institution by a single craniofacial surgeon treating 100 patients. A total of 100 patient records were reviewed. Criteria for selection included patients less than three years of age undergoing primary surgery with open cranial vault reshaping and a minimum ...
Si-Yuan Fu F The Third Department of Hepatic Surgery, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, - - 2014
To compare the efficacy of selective hepatic vascular exclusion versus Pringle manoeuvre in partial hepatectomy for tumours adjacent to the hepatocaval junction. A randomized comparative trial was carried out. The primary endpoint was intraoperative blood loss. The secondary endpoints were operation time, blood transfusion, postoperative liver function recovery, procedure-related morbidity ...
- - 2014
PATIENTS IN Scotland's emergency departments were treated faster this winter than during the same period in the previous year, according to figures released last month.
Tsiouris Athanasios A Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Henry Ford Hospital, Heart and Vascular Institute, Detroit, Michigan. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the current era of extensive healthcare reform, there has been a heightened focus on the frequency and cause for readmissions within 30 days of discharge given that readmissions are not reimbursed by most providers. The aim of our study was to determine the frequency, etiology and patterns of 30-day ...
Kankariya Vardhaman P - - 2014
To describe a case of postoperative trabeculectomy-induced corneal astigmatism treated with femtosecond laser-assisted astigmatic keratotomy. After trabeculectomy, the patient demonstrated change in manifest refraction from -0.5 diopters preoperatively to mixed astigmatism of -3.5 + 5.25@100 postoperatively and a decrease in uncorrected distance visual acuity from 20/60 preoperatively to 20/200 at ...
Ibrahim Hesham A HA Alexandria University, - - 2014
To evaluate the cosmetic and functional outcome of a modified frontalis suspension technique when the sling force vector is redirected through Whitnall's ligament. Non-comparative retrospective study. Twenty-nine eyes of 23 patients with poor levator function of 4 mm or less. Patients underwent frontalis suspension with polytetrafluoroethylene (Gore-Tex) (PTFE). The sling was ...
Al-Ali Fadwa Saqr FS Nephrology Division, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, - - 2014
Despite extensive use, to the best of our knowledge, no trial has simultaneously compared the three currently used erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESAs) in a prospective manner in the treatment of anemia of end-stage renal disease patients. All hemodialysis patients in Qatar who were treated with short-acting epoetin alfa or beta have ...
Kamperidis Vasileios V Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands; Department of Cardiology, AHEPA University Hospital, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Speckle-tracking-derived global longitudinal strain (GLS) is a more sensitive method of detecting left ventricular (LV) functional recovery after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients with severe aortic stenosis. However, it remains unknown whether LV function improves in patients with low-flow, low-gradient severe aortic stenosis (LFLGSAS) after TAVI. The aim ...
Shinnabe Akihiro A Department of Otolaryngology, Jichi Medical University, Saitama Medical Center, Omiya-ku, Saitama, - - 2014
To investigate preoperative clinical findings of chronic otitis media (COM) in patients with Down and without (non-Down) syndrome. Retrospective. Referral hospital, otolaryngology department. Patients with COM who underwent tympanoplasty were included. There were 10 ears of 8 patients (mean age, 14.9 yr) in the Down group and 44 ears of ...
Kane Sunanda V SV Mayo Clinic , Rochester, MN , - - 2014
Abstract Background: Corticosteroids are effective for inducing remission of Crohn's disease, but should not be used long term due to risk of adverse events. Benefits of immunosuppressants (e.g., azathioprine) and anti tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agents include reduced reliance on corticosteroid-based therapies and avoidance of corticosteroid-associated adverse events. Our aim ...
Koga Hideyuki H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Hospital of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan koga.orj@tmd.ac.jp - - 2014
The effects of notchplasty on the clinical outcome after anatomic double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction remain unclear. Anatomic ACL reconstruction with notchplasty would result in less risk of loss of extension and would provide adequate space for better graft healing, leading to better knee stability compared with anatomic ACL ...
Narayanan Govindarajan G Department of Radiology, Vascular and Interventional Radiology, University of Miami , Miller School of Medicine, Miami, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Malignant ascites is a common complication seen in association with various types of neoplastic processes. Due to high recurrence rates, patients may require multiple paracenteses, which have associated complications such as increased risk of bleeding, infection, pain, and volume and electrolyte depletion. Objective: This study evaluated the management ...
Somani Riyaz R Queen's University, 76 Stuart St, Kingston, Ontario, - - 2014
Pulmonary vein isolation is an effective strategy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The peri-procedural use of anticoagulation is routinely employed to reduce thromboembolic risk. The aim of this study was to compare the use of Dabigatran to another 2 strategies involving the use of Warfarin. Single centre observational study ...
Sousa Marco M Orthopaedic and Traumatology Department, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
To review the results of scapholunate ligament reconstruction using a flexor carpi radialis tendon graft. We performed a retrospective review of 22 patients with post-traumatic scapholunate instability who were treated with a modification of the Brunelli, a flexor carpi radialis tendon graft. The mean follow-up was 61 months. The average ...
Piper Susan S King's College - - 2014
The evidence for serially monitoring patients with the B-Type Natriuretic Peptides (BNP/NT-proBNP) to detect deterioration in heart failure symptoms has shown mixed results. This may be explained by high biological variability (BV) and reference change values (RCV) of these peptides meaning that large rises or falls in concentration are necessary ...
Wang Qi Q Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Liuzhou, Guangxi Province, P. R. - - 2014
Background: Adequate exposure of the mitral valve is a critical factor of success for either replacement or repair of the mitral valve. In the present study, we evaluated the merits of the extended vertical transseptal approach in comparison with the transseptal approach for mitral valve operations.Methods: A total of 72 ...
Liu Tao - - 2014
If surgical closure of chronic wounds is an option, choosing an appropriate time to definitely close these wounds remains a challenge. Although the underlying mechanisms of nonhealing are not completely understood, serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in wound fluid have been found to be markers of the systemic ...
Heydari Alireza A Department of Cardiology (Drs. Heydari and Jami), Ghaem Educational, Research and Treatment Center; and Preventive Cardiovascular Care Research Center (Drs. Amiri and Tayyebi), Imam Reza Educational, Research and Treatment Center; Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad 9137913316, - - 2014
Noninducibility of the arrhythmia is the widely accepted endpoint of successful ablation of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). However, to rely upon that as the only endpoint, the arrhythmia must also be inducible before ablation. Despite the fact that AVNRT is not reproducibly inducible in a significant number of cases, ...
Sussman Rachael R University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut, - - 2014
We assessed whether, in comparison to immediate surgery, a time delay in performing radical prostatectomy (RP) in patients electing to undergo a period of active surveillance (AS) of low grade prostate cancer, is associated with adverse pathologic features, biochemical recurrence and the ability to perform effective nerve sparing surgery. From ...
Radford M M IMS Health, London, - - 2014
Chronic constipation is a common condition with a substantial impact on health-related quality of life. The aim of this study was to assess healthcare resource use and prescription laxative costs associated with chronic constipation in the UK, using electronic medical records. The IMS Disease Analyzer database contains electronic medical records ...
Servicl-Kuchler Darja - - 2014
Major spinal surgery is associated with severe postoperative pain and stress response, bowel dysfunction, and a potential for chronic pain development. Epidural analgesia has been shown to be advantageous compared to intravenous analgesia alone. The aim of the study was to investigate whether postoperative addition of epidural levobupivacaine to intravenous ...
Webster Guy F - - 2014
Determinants of skin irritability are poorly understood. This study aims to assess differences in cutaneous safety/irritation based on Fitzpatrick skin type among patients with acne treated with tretinoin gel microsphere (TGM).<br /> This was a phase 4, 12-week, prospective, nonrandomized, open-label, multicenter study. Approximately 500 patients with mild to moderate ...
Miller B B Gastroenterology, Central Manchester University Hospitals, Manchester, - - 2014
Anti-Tumour Necrosis Factor alpha antibodies (anti-TNFs) are widely used for the treatment of severe and fistulising Crohn's Disease (CD). They are, however, associated with a number of adverse events (AEs) including infections, neutropenia, malignancy, demyelinating disease and infusion reactions. We aimed to evaluate the safety profiles Adalimumab (Al) and Infliximab ...
Tomita Masaki M Department of Surgery II, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Kiyotake, Miyazaki, Japan - - 2014
Background: Our previous study showed the prognostic impact of preoperative Glasgow prognostic score (GPS) in patients who underwent resection for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In the present study, the relationship between postoperative GPS and prognosis was also examined in patients with NSCLC with preoperative GPS 1 or 2. Patients ...
Fayed Nirmeen A - - 2014
Postoperative pain is one of the most important problems that confront surgical patients. The aim of this work is to compare pain control using intravenous patient controlled analgesia (PCA) and patient controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) in cirrhotic patients undergoing elective hepatic resection. Thirty four adult patients ASAI and II scheduled ...
Hsiao Yen-Chang YC Taipei, Taiwan; and Khartoum, Sudan From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University; and Khartoum University - - 2014
Carved autologous costal cartilage is widely used in different rhinoplasty procedures because of its availability and proven advantages. However, the usefulness of rib grafts is limited by warping postoperatively. The chimeric autologous costal cartilage graft is proposed. "Chimeric" means the combining of two different tissues (bone and cartilage in this ...
Elias Je J Gastroenterology, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, - - 2014
Uncovered self-expanding metal stents (USEMS) remain patent longer than plastic stents (PS) in patients with malignant bile duct strictures (MBDS). However, their difficult removal can compromise surgical tumour resection and so, prior to tumour staging a PS is commonly used. A solution may be offered by metal stents which have ...
Vanderzanden Jacqueline C JC Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 USA ; New England Orthopedics, Baystate Medical Center, 300 Birnie Ave, Suite 201, Springfield, MA 01107 - - 2014
A variety of metacarpophalangeal joint (MCPJ) arthrodesis techniques have been described for the treatment of symptomatic arthritis and instability of the thumb MCPJ including K wire fixation, tension-band arthrodesis, plate fixation, intramedullary screw, and other intramedullary devices. This study presents a retrospective review of one surgeon's initial series of patients ...
Scheer Justin K JK Department of Neurological Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 676 N. St. Clair Street, Suite 2210, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA, - - 2014
The goal of this study was to characterize the spino-pelvic realignment and the maintenance of that realignment by the upper-most instrumented vertebra (UIV) for adult deformity spinal (ASD) patients treated with lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). ASD patients were divided by UIV, classified as upper thoracic (UT: T1-T6) or Thoracolumbar ...
Wyatt M C MC Wellington Regional Hospital, Riddiford Street, Newtown, Wellington 6021, New - - 2014
Our study aimed to examine not only the incidence but also the impact of noise from two types of total hip replacement articulations: ceramic-on-ceramic and ceramic-on-polyethylene. We performed a case-controlled study comparing subjective and objective questionnaire scores of patients receiving a ceramic-on-ceramic or a ceramic-on-polyethylene total hip replacement by a ...
Wynn Gareth G Institute of Cardiovascular Medicine and Science - - 2014
Inability to predict clinical success on follow up in spite of successful Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) remains the Achilles' heel of AF Ablation (AFA). When patients with arrhythmia recurrence (ARec) return to the catheter laboratory they invariably have recovery of radiofrequency (RF) ablation lesion(s) initially considered complete at the original ...
Long Kristin L KL Division of General Surgery-Trauma and Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, - - 2014
Dramatic increases in damage control and decompressive laparotomies and a significant increase in patients with open abdominal cavities have resulted in numerous techniques to facilitate fascial closure. We hypothesized addition of the abdominal reapproximation anchor system (ABRA) to the KCI Abdominal Wound Vac(TM) (VAC) or KCI ABThera(TM) would increase successful ...
Ejenavi E E Gastroenterology, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, - - 2014
Compared to conventional endoscopy, capsule endoscopy (CE) is potentially safer, non-invasive, performed in out-patients and may be an alternative first line investigation in patients with suspected inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In colon CE (CCE), a dormant mode (to save battery) is followed by device activation when small bowel mucosa is ...
Eroglu Muzaffer M Department of Urology, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
It is debated whether treatment delay worsens oncologic results in localized prostate cancer (PCa). Few studies have focused on the role of a delay between the time of biopsy and the time of surgery. Thus, we aimed to investigate the effect of the time period between biopsy and surgery on ...
Oliveira Maria Sonia MS Department of Nursing, University of Cuiaba, MT, - - 2014
The present study aimed to evaluate the different methods for removing oral biofilm in combination with 0.12% chlorhexidine, in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of the General University Hospital. Initially, the patients were included in the study and underwent periodontal evaluation by means of the visible plaque ...
Chu Michael W A MW The Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, Western University, Lawson Health Research Institute, London, - - 2014
Concerns remain that minimally invasive atrial septal defect (ASD) repair may compromise patient outcomes. We compared clinical outcomes of adult patients undergoing ASD repair via a minimally invasive endoscopic approach versus a "gold standard" sternotomy. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical outcomes of consecutive patients who underwent ASD patch repair at ...
Cahill Thomas T Milton Keynes Hospital NHS Foundation - - 2014
The Celt ACD(®) (Kimal, Middlesex, U.K.) is a novel stainless steel vascular closure device (VCD). We conducted a prospective, non-randomised study to assess time to hemostasis, patient discomfort and vascular complications when using the Celt ACD(®) compared with both manual compression and Angio-Seal™ VIP (St Jude Medical, Minnesota, USA), the ...
Iwatsuki Katsuyuki K Department of Hand Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine; Hand Surgery Center, Chunichi Hospital, Nagoya; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Anjo Kosei Hospital, Anjo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We hypothesized that most patients with ulnar impaction syndrome have degenerative changes of the proximal lunotriquetral (LT) membrane and that ulnar-shortening osteotomy is an effective procedure in these patients. We retrospectively reviewed 50 wrists of 49 patients with idiopathic ulnar impaction syndrome who underwent an arthroscopic evaluation at the time ...
Miserocchi Elisabetta E Department of Ophthalmology, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, University Vita-Salute, Milan, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe clinical manifestations of herpetic ocular infection caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV), varicella zoster virus (VZV), and cytomegalovirus (CMV) in a referral center in Northern Italy. This retrospective study included 241 patients with herpetic ocular infection referred to the tertiary-care Ocular Immunology ...
Mumtaz S S Gastroenterology, Leeds Teaching Hospitals, Leeds, - - 2014
Clinical features associated with infective diarrhoea and flare up of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) are very similar and presents a challenge to gastroenterologists to distinguish the two especially at the initial presentation. This was a retrospective cohort study for patients admitted to the gastroenterology department of a single tertiary care ...
Loudon Margaret M University of - - 2014
Dilation of the ascending aorta (AA) is associated with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease and currently no medical therapy exists to delay or prevent AA dilatation in these patients. Inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) appears toslow the rate of aortic dilatation in Marfan syndrome, but the effect on the ...
Siddhi Ss S Gastroenterology, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, NHS Tayside, Dundee, - - 2014
Gastric Antral Vascular Ectasia (GAVE) and radiation proctitis can cause chronic GI bleeding and may be severe enough to cause transfusion dependent anaemia. Current standard therapy for both these conditions is endoscopy with argon plasma coagulation. This usually requires multiple endoscopies over time and in many patients may be ineffective. ...
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