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Results 301 - 350 of 4579
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Somani Riyaz R Queen's University, 76 Stuart St, Kingston, Ontario, - - 2014
Pulmonary vein isolation is an effective strategy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The peri-procedural use of anticoagulation is routinely employed to reduce thromboembolic risk. The aim of this study was to compare the use of Dabigatran to another 2 strategies involving the use of Warfarin. Single centre observational study ...
Sousa Marco M Orthopaedic and Traumatology Department, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
To review the results of scapholunate ligament reconstruction using a flexor carpi radialis tendon graft. We performed a retrospective review of 22 patients with post-traumatic scapholunate instability who were treated with a modification of the Brunelli, a flexor carpi radialis tendon graft. The mean follow-up was 61 months. The average ...
Miserocchi Elisabetta E Department of Ophthalmology, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, University Vita-Salute, Milan, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe clinical manifestations of herpetic ocular infection caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV), varicella zoster virus (VZV), and cytomegalovirus (CMV) in a referral center in Northern Italy. This retrospective study included 241 patients with herpetic ocular infection referred to the tertiary-care Ocular Immunology ...
Vanderzanden Jacqueline C JC Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 USA ; New England Orthopedics, Baystate Medical Center, 300 Birnie Ave, Suite 201, Springfield, MA 01107 - - 2014
A variety of metacarpophalangeal joint (MCPJ) arthrodesis techniques have been described for the treatment of symptomatic arthritis and instability of the thumb MCPJ including K wire fixation, tension-band arthrodesis, plate fixation, intramedullary screw, and other intramedullary devices. This study presents a retrospective review of one surgeon's initial series of patients ...
Iwatsuki Katsuyuki K Department of Hand Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine; Hand Surgery Center, Chunichi Hospital, Nagoya; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Anjo Kosei Hospital, Anjo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We hypothesized that most patients with ulnar impaction syndrome have degenerative changes of the proximal lunotriquetral (LT) membrane and that ulnar-shortening osteotomy is an effective procedure in these patients. We retrospectively reviewed 50 wrists of 49 patients with idiopathic ulnar impaction syndrome who underwent an arthroscopic evaluation at the time ...
Hsiao Yen-Chang YC Taipei, Taiwan; and Khartoum, Sudan From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University; and Khartoum University - - 2014
Carved autologous costal cartilage is widely used in different rhinoplasty procedures because of its availability and proven advantages. However, the usefulness of rib grafts is limited by warping postoperatively. The chimeric autologous costal cartilage graft is proposed. "Chimeric" means the combining of two different tissues (bone and cartilage in this ...
Chu Michael W A MW The Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, Western University, Lawson Health Research Institute, London, - - 2014
Concerns remain that minimally invasive atrial septal defect (ASD) repair may compromise patient outcomes. We compared clinical outcomes of adult patients undergoing ASD repair via a minimally invasive endoscopic approach versus a "gold standard" sternotomy. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical outcomes of consecutive patients who underwent ASD patch repair at ...
Long Kristin L KL Division of General Surgery-Trauma and Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, - - 2014
Dramatic increases in damage control and decompressive laparotomies and a significant increase in patients with open abdominal cavities have resulted in numerous techniques to facilitate fascial closure. We hypothesized addition of the abdominal reapproximation anchor system (ABRA) to the KCI Abdominal Wound Vac(TM) (VAC) or KCI ABThera(TM) would increase successful ...
Katsinelos Panagiotis P *Department of Endoscopy and Motility Unit, G. Gennimatas General Hospital; School of Medicine ‡2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Hippokratio Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki †Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospital of Thessaly, Larissa, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare pure coagulation and blended current in the resection of large colorectal sessile polyps (SPs). Between January 2009 and June 2012, 84 patients (45 men, 39 women; median age 66 y; range, 42 to 88 y) with large colorectal SPs (diameter ≥2 cm) ...
Liu Tao - - 2014
If surgical closure of chronic wounds is an option, choosing an appropriate time to definitely close these wounds remains a challenge. Although the underlying mechanisms of nonhealing are not completely understood, serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in wound fluid have been found to be markers of the systemic ...
Iglesias-Martín F F Facultad de Odontología de Sevilla, C/ Avicena s/n 41009, Sevilla (SPAIN), - - 2014
Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the use of amoxicillin (1g) vs amoxicillin and clavulanate (875/125mg) after extraction of retained third molars for prevention of infectious complications. Study Design: The study involved 546 patients attending for removal a retained third molar and divided in to two groups: ...
Scheer Justin K JK Department of Neurological Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 676 N. St. Clair Street, Suite 2210, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA, - - 2014
The goal of this study was to characterize the spino-pelvic realignment and the maintenance of that realignment by the upper-most instrumented vertebra (UIV) for adult deformity spinal (ASD) patients treated with lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). ASD patients were divided by UIV, classified as upper thoracic (UT: T1-T6) or Thoracolumbar ...
Webster Guy F - - 2014
Determinants of skin irritability are poorly understood. This study aims to assess differences in cutaneous safety/irritation based on Fitzpatrick skin type among patients with acne treated with tretinoin gel microsphere (TGM).<br /> This was a phase 4, 12-week, prospective, nonrandomized, open-label, multicenter study. Approximately 500 patients with mild to moderate ...
Tomita Masaki M Department of Surgery II, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Kiyotake, Miyazaki, Japan - - 2014
Background: Our previous study showed the prognostic impact of preoperative Glasgow prognostic score (GPS) in patients who underwent resection for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In the present study, the relationship between postoperative GPS and prognosis was also examined in patients with NSCLC with preoperative GPS 1 or 2. Patients ...
Wyatt M C MC Wellington Regional Hospital, Riddiford Street, Newtown, Wellington 6021, New - - 2014
Our study aimed to examine not only the incidence but also the impact of noise from two types of total hip replacement articulations: ceramic-on-ceramic and ceramic-on-polyethylene. We performed a case-controlled study comparing subjective and objective questionnaire scores of patients receiving a ceramic-on-ceramic or a ceramic-on-polyethylene total hip replacement by a ...
Heydari Alireza A Department of Cardiology (Drs. Heydari and Jami), Ghaem Educational, Research and Treatment Center; and Preventive Cardiovascular Care Research Center (Drs. Amiri and Tayyebi), Imam Reza Educational, Research and Treatment Center; Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad 9137913316, - - 2014
Noninducibility of the arrhythmia is the widely accepted endpoint of successful ablation of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). However, to rely upon that as the only endpoint, the arrhythmia must also be inducible before ablation. Despite the fact that AVNRT is not reproducibly inducible in a significant number of cases, ...
Eroglu Muzaffer M Department of Urology, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
It is debated whether treatment delay worsens oncologic results in localized prostate cancer (PCa). Few studies have focused on the role of a delay between the time of biopsy and the time of surgery. Thus, we aimed to investigate the effect of the time period between biopsy and surgery on ...
Sussman Rachael R University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut, - - 2014
We assessed whether, in comparison to immediate surgery, a time delay in performing radical prostatectomy (RP) in patients electing to undergo a period of active surveillance (AS) of low grade prostate cancer, is associated with adverse pathologic features, biochemical recurrence and the ability to perform effective nerve sparing surgery. From ...
Cakiroglu B B Hisar Intercontinental Hospital Deparment of Urology, Umraniye Istanbul, Turkey - - - 2014
The aim of this paper was to investigate whether renal papillae of patients with nephrolithiasis are more radiodense than that of control patients and to evaluate the predictability of urolithiasis using papillary density differences between stone and non-stone formers. Renal papillary Hounsfield Unit (HU) measurements were conducted at the level ...
Wang Qi Q Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Liuzhou, Guangxi Province, P. R. - - 2014
Background: Adequate exposure of the mitral valve is a critical factor of success for either replacement or repair of the mitral valve. In the present study, we evaluated the merits of the extended vertical transseptal approach in comparison with the transseptal approach for mitral valve operations.Methods: A total of 72 ...
Arslan Murat M Izmir University School of Medicine, Department of Urology, Izmir. - - 2014
Objective: We compared polyglecaprone (Monocryl®) and bidirectional barbed (V-Loc® 180) running sutures during urethrovesial anastomosis (UVA) in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP). Materials and methods: A total of 92 consecutive patients underwent extraperitoneal LRP for prostate cancer. In the first 47 patients, the running UVA was performed using 3-0 monofilament polyglecaprone ...
Lee Young-Hee YH Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Wonju, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES) to ankle dorsiflexor (DF) and ankle plantarflexor (PF) on kinematic and kinetic parameters of hemiplegic gait. Fourteen post-stroke hemiplegic patients were considered in this study. Electrical stimulation was delivered to ankle DF during the swing phase and ankle PF during the ...
Kama Ahmet A The Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, - - 2014
There is no evidence regarding the several short-term prophylaxis protocols for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) that may be most feasibly convenient in emergency settings. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacies of short-term CIN prophylaxis protocols of normal saline, N-acetylcysteine (NAC) plus saline, and sodium bicarbonate plus saline ...
Oliveira Maria Sonia MS Department of Nursing, University of Cuiaba, MT, - - 2014
The present study aimed to evaluate the different methods for removing oral biofilm in combination with 0.12% chlorhexidine, in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of the General University Hospital. Initially, the patients were included in the study and underwent periodontal evaluation by means of the visible plaque ...
Fayed Nirmeen A - - 2014
Postoperative pain is one of the most important problems that confront surgical patients. The aim of this work is to compare pain control using intravenous patient controlled analgesia (PCA) and patient controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) in cirrhotic patients undergoing elective hepatic resection. Thirty four adult patients ASAI and II scheduled ...
Renew Johnathan R - - 2014
When patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) miss their routine intermittent hemodialysis (IHD), electrolyte abnormalities and volume overload often occur. An institutional protocol to ensure that patients receiving IHD have elective surgeries scheduled within 24 hours after their dialysis may reduce procedural delays or cancellations caused by hyperkalemia and hypervolemia ...
Servicl-Kuchler Darja - - 2014
Major spinal surgery is associated with severe postoperative pain and stress response, bowel dysfunction, and a potential for chronic pain development. Epidural analgesia has been shown to be advantageous compared to intravenous analgesia alone. The aim of the study was to investigate whether postoperative addition of epidural levobupivacaine to intravenous ...
Ekinci Metin - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), the ganglion cell layer (GCL), and choroid thickness (CT) in patients who have migraines, with and without aura, using spectral optical coherence tomography (OCT). Forty-five patients who had migraines without aura (Group 1), ...
Dieckmann Ralf - - 2014
Tumors of the distal femur and diaphysis with proximal metaphyseal extension into the femur present a challenge for limb salvage. The conventional treatment consists of limb salvage with total femur replacement. This case study aims to present preliminary results and experience with short-stem reconstruction, focusing on the mechanical stability of ...
Reisch Robert R Centre for Endoscopic and Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery, Klinik Hirslanden, Zurich, - - 2014
Object The supraorbital approach through an eyebrow incision offers the opportunity to access a wide variety of lesions of the anterior, middle, and even the posterior fossa. The minimally invasive keyhole craniotomy limits brain exploration and retraction and offers the potential for improved surgical outcomes and reduced approach-related complications. Patient ...
Nomura Hiroshi H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hiroshima Red Cross Hospital & Atomic-Bomb Survivors Hospital, Hiroshima; - - 2014
Object The authors sought to quantify the clinical outcome of microscopic lumbar spinous process-splitting laminectomy in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). They performed a microscopic laminectomy in which the spinous process is split longitudinally into 2 halves. For single-level decompression, they inserted a tubular retractor between the split process. ...
Korc-Grodzicki Beatriz B *Geriatrics Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY †Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY ‡Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY §Thoracic Service, Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY ¶Gynecologic Medical Oncology Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, - - 2014
This study aimed to describe the implementation of preoperative geriatric assessment (GA) in patients undergoing major cancer surgery and to determine predictors of postoperative delirium. Geriatric surgical patients have unique vulnerabilities and are at increased risk of developing postoperative delirium. Geriatricians at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center risk-stratify surgical patients ...
Guillen Astete Carlos C Servicio de Reumatología, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España; Consulta de Urgencias Reumatológicas y Musculoesqueléticas, Servicio de Urgencias, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España; Servicio de Urgencias, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to determine the rate of bleeding complications in patient's anticoagulated with acenocoumarol according to the international normalized ratio (INR) coagulation index. A cross-sectional study was performed with 901 charts of patients who underwent arthrocentesis or joint infiltration between 2009 and 2013; the charts were ...
Streit Marcus R MR Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma - - 2014
Background and purpose - Uncemented acetabular components in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) are commonly used today, but few studies have evaluated their survival into the second decade in young and active patients. We report on a minimum 10-year follow-up of an uncemented press-fit acetabular component that is still in ...
Braga Marco M Department of Surgery, San Raffaele Hospital, Vita-Salute University, Via Olgettina 60, 20132, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS(®)) pathways have reduced morbidity and length of hospital stay (LOS) in orthopedics, bariatric, and colorectal surgery. New perioperative care protocols have been tested in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), with controversial results on morbidity. Incomplete data about ERAS items compliance have been reported. The aim of ...
Issa Kimona K Center for Joint Preservation and Replacement, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, - - 2014
Currently, the readmission rates for patients treated with cruciate-retaining (CR) prostheses have not been widely evaluated. The purpose of this study was to report on readmission rates after CR total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) and to evaluate the potential contributing factors for these events. We reviewed a prospectively collected database of ...
Dimitrakakis Georgios G Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University Hospital of Wales, Heath Park Campus, Cardiff, UK - - 2014
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was in osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) patients with valve disease undergoing valve replacement which type of valve (bioprosthetic or mechanical) is most appropriate in terms of safety, complications and survival. Altogether more than 77 ...
Al-Hadithy Nawfal N Luton and Dunstable Hospital, Luton, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) is an accepted treatment for patients with pseudoparalysis due to cuff tear arthropathy. There have been limited studies with midterm clinical and radiologic results. We present our results for a single surgeon from a district general hospital. Forty-one consecutive Delta III RSAs were performed by an ...
Bhatia Nidhi N Department of Anaesthesia & Intensive Care, PostGraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh 160012, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of subcostal TAP block and to compare its efficacy with that of posterior TAP block in decreasing postoperative pain in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy during general anesthesia. Prospective, randomized, double-blind study. Academic medical center. 60 adult, ASA physical status 1 and 2 patients of both genders, ...
Hishikawa Tomohito T Department of Neurological Surgery, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Kita-ku, Okayama, 700-8558, Japan, - - 2014
The object of this study was to compare the long-term outcomes in adult patients with moyamoya disease (MMD) with posterior circulation involvement (PCi) treated through surgical revascularization with those in adult patients without PCi. The records of 32 consecutive adult patients with ischemic-type MMD who were treated with revascularization were ...
Abdelkafy Ashraf A Orthopaedic Surgery and Trauma Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Circular Road, Ismailia, 41522, Egypt, - - 2014
The purpose was to evaluate the clinical results of arthroscopic meniscal repair of long vertical longitudinal tears using combined cruciate and horizontal suture techniques. Single surgeon retrospective case series study. A total of 38 patients having long vertical longitudinal tears were operated using combined cruciate and horizontal suture techniques. Two ...
Hie Miguel M Service de Medecine Interne, CHU La Pitie-Salpetriere, AP-HP, Paris, - - 2014
In acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), the persistence of severe ADAMTS13 deficiency (<10%) during remission is associated with more relapse. Preemptive (i.e., after remission) administration of rituximab in these patients to prevent relapses remains controversial. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 12-year follow-up data to compare the relapse incidence after ...
Adelmann D D Department of Anesthesiology, General Intensive Care and Pain Control, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, - - 2014
Postoperative haemorrhage in neurosurgery is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. There is controversy whether or not factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency leads to bleeding complications after craniotomy. Decreased fibrinogen levels have been associated with an increased incidence of bleeding complications in cardiac and orthopaedic surgery. The aim of this study ...
Brinkrolf Peter P Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Münster, Munster, - - 2014
This review presents current data on the systemic administration of lidocaine. The focus is on studies in the perioperative setting. In addition, there is a brief look at experimental data on the effect of lidocaine at the molecular level. Several recent randomized prospective studies have reported lower postoperative pain values ...
Jauregui-Amezaga Aranzazu A *Department of Gastroenterology, Institut de Malalties Digestives i Metabòliques, Hospital Clínic, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas (CIBERehd), Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; and †Department of Pathology, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of advanced endoscopy for prediction of relapse in ulcerative colitis, in comparison with serum and fecal biomarkers. Patients with ulcerative colitis with sustained clinical remission defined as absence of blood in stool for a minimum of 3 months and Mayo ...
Chung Yoo-Ri YR Department of Ophthalmology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine , Seoul , Korea - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To analyze chronological changes in ocular manifestations of Behçet's disease (BD) in Korean patients. Methods: Ocular findings were retrospectively analyzed from medical records of patients diagnosed with BD between 1994 and 2010 and divided into two groups according to the date of their first visit to our ophthalmology ...
Li Z Z Department of Neurosurgery, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai, China - - - 2014
Resection of insula-basal ganglia (IBG) gliomas is challenging because of their deep location and vicinity to critical structures, whereas diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) can noninvasively delineate the tracks of white matter fibers. This study aims to evaluate the role of cortico-spinal tract (CST) positions in prediction of the prognosis of ...
Batistaki Chrysanthi C Chrysanthi Batistaki, George Michalopoulos, Paraskevi Matsota, Konstantinos Kalimeris, Maria Riga, Maria Nakou, Georgia Kostopanagiotou, 2 Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, University of Athens, "Attikon" University Hospital, 12462 Athens, - - 2014
To investigate CYP2E1 IgG4 autoantibody levels and liver biochemical markers in adult patients after anesthesia with desflurane. Forty patients who were > 18 years old and undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia with desflurane were studied. Alpha-glutathione-S-transferase (αGST) and IgG4 antibodies against CYP2E1 were measured preoperatively and 96 h postoperatively, ...
Ross James R JR Broward Orthopedic Specialists, Fort Lauderdale, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to define the clinical and disease characteristics in patients who fail hip arthroscopy and require periacetabular osteotomy. Thirty patients (30 hips) who underwent a PAO, following a failed hip arthroscopy were identified from a multicenter database. Eighty-seven percent were female and the average age ...
Yamaguchi Daisuke D Department of Internal Medicine and Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Saga Medical School, Saga 849-8501, - - 2014
This study aimed to clarify the features of nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding in Japanese patients taking antithrombotic agents and clarify the management situation of upper gastrointestinal bleeding with antithrombotic agents. We retrospectively investigated the medical records of 560 patients who underwent emergency endoscopy for upper gastrointestinal bleeding from 2002 to ...
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