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Results 201 - 250 of 4449
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Heydari Alireza A Department of Cardiology (Drs. Heydari and Jami), Ghaem Educational, Research and Treatment Center; and Preventive Cardiovascular Care Research Center (Drs. Amiri and Tayyebi), Imam Reza Educational, Research and Treatment Center; Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad 9137913316, - - 2014
Noninducibility of the arrhythmia is the widely accepted endpoint of successful ablation of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). However, to rely upon that as the only endpoint, the arrhythmia must also be inducible before ablation. Despite the fact that AVNRT is not reproducibly inducible in a significant number of cases, ...
Eroglu Muzaffer M Department of Urology, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
It is debated whether treatment delay worsens oncologic results in localized prostate cancer (PCa). Few studies have focused on the role of a delay between the time of biopsy and the time of surgery. Thus, we aimed to investigate the effect of the time period between biopsy and surgery on ...
Sussman Rachael R University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut, - - 2014
We assessed whether, in comparison to immediate surgery, a time delay in performing radical prostatectomy (RP) in patients electing to undergo a period of active surveillance (AS) of low grade prostate cancer, is associated with adverse pathologic features, biochemical recurrence and the ability to perform effective nerve sparing surgery. From ...
Cakiroglu B B Hisar Intercontinental Hospital Deparment of Urology, Umraniye Istanbul, Turkey - - - 2014
The aim of this paper was to investigate whether renal papillae of patients with nephrolithiasis are more radiodense than that of control patients and to evaluate the predictability of urolithiasis using papillary density differences between stone and non-stone formers. Renal papillary Hounsfield Unit (HU) measurements were conducted at the level ...
Wang Qi Q Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Liuzhou, Guangxi Province, P. R. - - 2014
Background: Adequate exposure of the mitral valve is a critical factor of success for either replacement or repair of the mitral valve. In the present study, we evaluated the merits of the extended vertical transseptal approach in comparison with the transseptal approach for mitral valve operations.Methods: A total of 72 ...
Arslan Murat M Izmir University School of Medicine, Department of Urology, Izmir. - - 2014
Objective: We compared polyglecaprone (Monocryl®) and bidirectional barbed (V-Loc® 180) running sutures during urethrovesial anastomosis (UVA) in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP). Materials and methods: A total of 92 consecutive patients underwent extraperitoneal LRP for prostate cancer. In the first 47 patients, the running UVA was performed using 3-0 monofilament polyglecaprone ...
Elias Je J Gastroenterology, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, - - 2014
Uncovered self-expanding metal stents (USEMS) remain patent longer than plastic stents (PS) in patients with malignant bile duct strictures (MBDS). However, their difficult removal can compromise surgical tumour resection and so, prior to tumour staging a PS is commonly used. A solution may be offered by metal stents which have ...
Mumtaz S S Gastroenterology, Leeds Teaching Hospitals, Leeds, - - 2014
Clinical features associated with infective diarrhoea and flare up of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) are very similar and presents a challenge to gastroenterologists to distinguish the two especially at the initial presentation. This was a retrospective cohort study for patients admitted to the gastroenterology department of a single tertiary care ...
Grant C C Department of Gastroenterology, Royal Derby Hospital, - - 2014
Over the last decade, the numbers of patients presenting with chronic liver disease has risen. During this period the approach to the treatment of variceal bleeding has undergone important changes both internationally (adoption of early TIPSS in high risk cases), and locally with the development of a 24 h endoscopy ...
Ejenavi E E Gastroenterology, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, - - 2014
Compared to conventional endoscopy, capsule endoscopy (CE) is potentially safer, non-invasive, performed in out-patients and may be an alternative first line investigation in patients with suspected inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In colon CE (CCE), a dormant mode (to save battery) is followed by device activation when small bowel mucosa is ...
Sunder Raj L L Department of Gastroenterology, Cardiff and Vale University Health Board, Cardiff, UKDepartment of Hepatology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, - - 2014
Patients with BCS and short stenosis of the hepatic vein or the upper IVC can be treated with recanalisation by percutaneous venoplasty ± hepatic vein stent insertion. Recent data suggests >60% failure rate (PMID 23389867). We studied the long-term outcomes of this approach in our institution. Retrospective analysis of patients ...
Radford M M IMS Health, London, - - 2014
Chronic constipation is a common condition with a substantial impact on health-related quality of life. The aim of this study was to assess healthcare resource use and prescription laxative costs associated with chronic constipation in the UK, using electronic medical records. The IMS Disease Analyzer database contains electronic medical records ...
Siddhi Ss S Gastroenterology, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, NHS Tayside, Dundee, - - 2014
Gastric Antral Vascular Ectasia (GAVE) and radiation proctitis can cause chronic GI bleeding and may be severe enough to cause transfusion dependent anaemia. Current standard therapy for both these conditions is endoscopy with argon plasma coagulation. This usually requires multiple endoscopies over time and in many patients may be ineffective. ...
Chapman T T Department of Gastroenterology, Wycombe and Stoke Mandeville Hospitals, Buckinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust, Buckinghamshire, - - 2014
Self expanding metallic stent (SEMS) placement effectively palliates malignant dysphagia, most commonly due to oesophageal cancer. Typically stents are placed under fluoroscopic guidance, but some centres use direct vision endoscopy as an alternative.(1) There are however little data comparing the two techniques. At our 2-hospital institution, all patients presenting to ...
Miller B B Gastroenterology, Central Manchester University Hospitals, Manchester, - - 2014
Anti-Tumour Necrosis Factor alpha antibodies (anti-TNFs) are widely used for the treatment of severe and fistulising Crohn's Disease (CD). They are, however, associated with a number of adverse events (AEs) including infections, neutropenia, malignancy, demyelinating disease and infusion reactions. We aimed to evaluate the safety profiles Adalimumab (Al) and Infliximab ...
Lee Young-Hee YH Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Wonju, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES) to ankle dorsiflexor (DF) and ankle plantarflexor (PF) on kinematic and kinetic parameters of hemiplegic gait. Fourteen post-stroke hemiplegic patients were considered in this study. Electrical stimulation was delivered to ankle DF during the swing phase and ankle PF during the ...
Kama Ahmet A The Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, - - 2014
There is no evidence regarding the several short-term prophylaxis protocols for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) that may be most feasibly convenient in emergency settings. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacies of short-term CIN prophylaxis protocols of normal saline, N-acetylcysteine (NAC) plus saline, and sodium bicarbonate plus saline ...
Ekinci Metin - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), the ganglion cell layer (GCL), and choroid thickness (CT) in patients who have migraines, with and without aura, using spectral optical coherence tomography (OCT). Forty-five patients who had migraines without aura (Group 1), ...
Dieckmann Ralf - - 2014
Tumors of the distal femur and diaphysis with proximal metaphyseal extension into the femur present a challenge for limb salvage. The conventional treatment consists of limb salvage with total femur replacement. This case study aims to present preliminary results and experience with short-stem reconstruction, focusing on the mechanical stability of ...
Streit Marcus R MR Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma - - 2014
Background and purpose - Uncemented acetabular components in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) are commonly used today, but few studies have evaluated their survival into the second decade in young and active patients. We report on a minimum 10-year follow-up of an uncemented press-fit acetabular component that is still in ...
Reisch Robert R Centre for Endoscopic and Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery, Klinik Hirslanden, Zurich, - - 2014
Object The supraorbital approach through an eyebrow incision offers the opportunity to access a wide variety of lesions of the anterior, middle, and even the posterior fossa. The minimally invasive keyhole craniotomy limits brain exploration and retraction and offers the potential for improved surgical outcomes and reduced approach-related complications. Patient ...
Nomura Hiroshi H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hiroshima Red Cross Hospital & Atomic-Bomb Survivors Hospital, Hiroshima; - - 2014
Object The authors sought to quantify the clinical outcome of microscopic lumbar spinous process-splitting laminectomy in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). They performed a microscopic laminectomy in which the spinous process is split longitudinally into 2 halves. For single-level decompression, they inserted a tubular retractor between the split process. ...
Korc-Grodzicki Beatriz B *Geriatrics Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY †Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY ‡Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY §Thoracic Service, Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY ¶Gynecologic Medical Oncology Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, - - 2014
This study aimed to describe the implementation of preoperative geriatric assessment (GA) in patients undergoing major cancer surgery and to determine predictors of postoperative delirium. Geriatric surgical patients have unique vulnerabilities and are at increased risk of developing postoperative delirium. Geriatricians at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center risk-stratify surgical patients ...
Guillen Astete Carlos C Servicio de Reumatología, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España; Consulta de Urgencias Reumatológicas y Musculoesqueléticas, Servicio de Urgencias, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España; Servicio de Urgencias, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to determine the rate of bleeding complications in patient's anticoagulated with acenocoumarol according to the international normalized ratio (INR) coagulation index. A cross-sectional study was performed with 901 charts of patients who underwent arthrocentesis or joint infiltration between 2009 and 2013; the charts were ...
Braga Marco M Department of Surgery, San Raffaele Hospital, Vita-Salute University, Via Olgettina 60, 20132, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS(®)) pathways have reduced morbidity and length of hospital stay (LOS) in orthopedics, bariatric, and colorectal surgery. New perioperative care protocols have been tested in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), with controversial results on morbidity. Incomplete data about ERAS items compliance have been reported. The aim of ...
Issa Kimona K Center for Joint Preservation and Replacement, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, - - 2014
Currently, the readmission rates for patients treated with cruciate-retaining (CR) prostheses have not been widely evaluated. The purpose of this study was to report on readmission rates after CR total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) and to evaluate the potential contributing factors for these events. We reviewed a prospectively collected database of ...
Dimitrakakis Georgios G Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University Hospital of Wales, Heath Park Campus, Cardiff, UK - - 2014
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was in osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) patients with valve disease undergoing valve replacement which type of valve (bioprosthetic or mechanical) is most appropriate in terms of safety, complications and survival. Altogether more than 77 ...
Al-Hadithy Nawfal N Luton and Dunstable Hospital, Luton, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) is an accepted treatment for patients with pseudoparalysis due to cuff tear arthropathy. There have been limited studies with midterm clinical and radiologic results. We present our results for a single surgeon from a district general hospital. Forty-one consecutive Delta III RSAs were performed by an ...
Bhatia Nidhi N Department of Anaesthesia & Intensive Care, PostGraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh 160012, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of subcostal TAP block and to compare its efficacy with that of posterior TAP block in decreasing postoperative pain in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy during general anesthesia. Prospective, randomized, double-blind study. Academic medical center. 60 adult, ASA physical status 1 and 2 patients of both genders, ...
Hishikawa Tomohito T Department of Neurological Surgery, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Kita-ku, Okayama, 700-8558, Japan, - - 2014
The object of this study was to compare the long-term outcomes in adult patients with moyamoya disease (MMD) with posterior circulation involvement (PCi) treated through surgical revascularization with those in adult patients without PCi. The records of 32 consecutive adult patients with ischemic-type MMD who were treated with revascularization were ...
Abdelkafy Ashraf A Orthopaedic Surgery and Trauma Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Circular Road, Ismailia, 41522, Egypt, - - 2014
The purpose was to evaluate the clinical results of arthroscopic meniscal repair of long vertical longitudinal tears using combined cruciate and horizontal suture techniques. Single surgeon retrospective case series study. A total of 38 patients having long vertical longitudinal tears were operated using combined cruciate and horizontal suture techniques. Two ...
Hie Miguel M Service de Medecine Interne, CHU La Pitie-Salpetriere, AP-HP, Paris, - - 2014
In acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), the persistence of severe ADAMTS13 deficiency (<10%) during remission is associated with more relapse. Preemptive (i.e., after remission) administration of rituximab in these patients to prevent relapses remains controversial. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 12-year follow-up data to compare the relapse incidence after ...
Adelmann D D Department of Anesthesiology, General Intensive Care and Pain Control, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, - - 2014
Postoperative haemorrhage in neurosurgery is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. There is controversy whether or not factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency leads to bleeding complications after craniotomy. Decreased fibrinogen levels have been associated with an increased incidence of bleeding complications in cardiac and orthopaedic surgery. The aim of this study ...
Brinkrolf Peter P Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Münster, Munster, - - 2014
This review presents current data on the systemic administration of lidocaine. The focus is on studies in the perioperative setting. In addition, there is a brief look at experimental data on the effect of lidocaine at the molecular level. Several recent randomized prospective studies have reported lower postoperative pain values ...
Jauregui-Amezaga Aranzazu A *Department of Gastroenterology, Institut de Malalties Digestives i Metabòliques, Hospital Clínic, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas (CIBERehd), Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; and †Department of Pathology, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of advanced endoscopy for prediction of relapse in ulcerative colitis, in comparison with serum and fecal biomarkers. Patients with ulcerative colitis with sustained clinical remission defined as absence of blood in stool for a minimum of 3 months and Mayo ...
Chung Yoo-Ri YR Department of Ophthalmology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine , Seoul , Korea - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To analyze chronological changes in ocular manifestations of Behçet's disease (BD) in Korean patients. Methods: Ocular findings were retrospectively analyzed from medical records of patients diagnosed with BD between 1994 and 2010 and divided into two groups according to the date of their first visit to our ophthalmology ...
Li Z Z Department of Neurosurgery, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai, China - - - 2014
Resection of insula-basal ganglia (IBG) gliomas is challenging because of their deep location and vicinity to critical structures, whereas diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) can noninvasively delineate the tracks of white matter fibers. This study aims to evaluate the role of cortico-spinal tract (CST) positions in prediction of the prognosis of ...
Batistaki Chrysanthi C Chrysanthi Batistaki, George Michalopoulos, Paraskevi Matsota, Konstantinos Kalimeris, Maria Riga, Maria Nakou, Georgia Kostopanagiotou, 2 Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, University of Athens, "Attikon" University Hospital, 12462 Athens, - - 2014
To investigate CYP2E1 IgG4 autoantibody levels and liver biochemical markers in adult patients after anesthesia with desflurane. Forty patients who were > 18 years old and undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia with desflurane were studied. Alpha-glutathione-S-transferase (αGST) and IgG4 antibodies against CYP2E1 were measured preoperatively and 96 h postoperatively, ...
Ross James R JR Broward Orthopedic Specialists, Fort Lauderdale, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to define the clinical and disease characteristics in patients who fail hip arthroscopy and require periacetabular osteotomy. Thirty patients (30 hips) who underwent a PAO, following a failed hip arthroscopy were identified from a multicenter database. Eighty-seven percent were female and the average age ...
Yamaguchi Daisuke D Department of Internal Medicine and Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Saga Medical School, Saga 849-8501, - - 2014
This study aimed to clarify the features of nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding in Japanese patients taking antithrombotic agents and clarify the management situation of upper gastrointestinal bleeding with antithrombotic agents. We retrospectively investigated the medical records of 560 patients who underwent emergency endoscopy for upper gastrointestinal bleeding from 2002 to ...
Rashedi Nina N Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
The outcomes of patients with mixed aortic valve disease (MAVD; concurrent aortic stenosis [AS] and aortic regurgitation [AR]) and its optimum management are undefined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the natural history of MAVD. Between 2000 and 2005, 524 asymptomatic adults (mean age, 66 ± 14 years; ...
Taunton Michael J MJ Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN - - 2014
This study sought to prospectively examine the clinical and radiographic differences between direct anterior (DA-THA) and mini-posterior approach total hip arthroplasty (MPA-THA). Fifty-four patients were prospectively randomized to either MPA or DA-THA. Patient recorded diaries were collected. Radiographs were reviewed. SF-36, WOMAC and HHS scores were tabulated. Time to ambulation ...
Taha A M AM Department of Anaesthesia, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt; Department of Anaesthesia, Abu Dhabi Knee and Sports Medicine Centre, Abu-Dhabi, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to estimate the minimal effective anaesthetic concentrations of ropivacaine required to block the femoral nerve in 90% of patients. Forty-five patients who had knee surgery received ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block using 15 ml ropivacaine. The ropivacaine concentration given to a patient relied on the efficacy ...
Ullery Brant W BW Division of Vascular Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, - - 2014
Shuttering occurs when a scallop or fenestration does not align perfectly with the target vessel ostium and is potentially minimized by stenting. The current United States Food and Drug Administration-approved fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (f-EVAR) device is most commonly configured with an unstented superior mesenteric artery (SMA) scallop, thereby subjecting ...
Pritchard Charles H - - 2014
As recommended in the current prescribing information, rituximab infusions in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) take 4.25 hours for the first infusion and 3.25 hours for subsequent infusions, which is a burden on patients and the health care system. We therefore evaluated the safety of infusing rituximab at a faster ...
Mehta Gautam U GU Surgical Neurology Branch, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland; - - 2014
Object Primary empty sella syndrome (ESS) results from herniation of arachnoid mater into the pituitary fossa. It has been suggested to have a negative effect on pituitary surgery; however, outcomes in this cohort have not been defined. This study was performed to determine the effect of ESS on immediate and ...
Branford Susan S Department of Genetics and Molecular Pathology, Centre for Cancer Biology, SA Pathology, Adelaide, SA, Australia; - - 2014
In CML patients, a BCR-ABL1 value >10% at 3 months of therapy is statistically associated with poorer outcome, yet many of these patients still achieve satisfactory outcomes. We investigated 528 first-line imatinib-treated patients to determine whether patients with the poorest outcome can be better discriminated at 3 months. All outcomes ...
Han Guang G Department of Anesthesiology, Shengjing Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2014
Objective: To compare the hemodynamics after combined spinal-epidural anesthesia (CSEA) between decubitus and sitting positions in aged patients undergoing total hip replacement. Methods: A total of 80 aged patients who underwent CSEA for elective total hip replacement were randomly divided into a decubitus position group (group D) and a sitting ...
Hallikeri Kaveri K Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Sri Dharamasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Dental Sciences & Hospital, Dharwad, Karnataka, - - 2014
Many individuals have various tobacco-related habits, yet only some develop clinical manifestation of lesions. This raises the question of whether there any inherent or host risk factors involved in the pathogenesis which need to be further investigated. The aim of the present study was to analyze the ABO antigen, secretor ...
Burgess Lindsey D LD Department of Pharmacy, Duke University Hospital, Durham, North - - 2014
To determine whether the addition of piperacillin-tazobactam leads to an increased incidence of nephrotoxicity in patients receiving vancomycin and to explore potential confounding factors that may increase the risk of vancomycin-induced nephrotoxicity. Single-center, retrospective cohort study. Large, academic, tertiary-care hospital. One hundred ninety-one adults hospitalized between July 1, 2009, and ...
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