Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 4590
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Bauman Christopher W CW University of California, Irvine, USA - - 2014
People often treat diversity as an objective feature of situations that everyone perceives similarly. The current research shows, however, that disagreement often exists over whether a group is diverse. We argue that diversity judgments diverge because they are social perceptions that reflect, in part, individuals' motivations and experiences, including concerns ...
Goto Eiji E Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Toyooka Chuo Hospital, 7-2 Toyooka, Asahikawa, 078-8237, Japan, - - 2014
Although 50 years have passed since Charnley started performing total hip arthroplasties, there are relatively few patient studies with a follow-up period of over 30 years. We studied radiograms of patients who had undergone Charnley total hip arthroplasty between 1975 and 1981 and evaluated the results at 26-35 years (mean 30.5 years) after the ...
Izzo Valentina V University of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy - - 2014
The aim of our study is to analyze factors, including matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) levels, that could influence the integration of dermal grafts in diabetic foot ulcers. From September 2012 to September 2013, 35 diabetic patients with IIA lesion (Texas Wound Classification) and an extensive foot tissue loss were considered suitable ...
Tietje Teya T Skaggs School of Pharmacy, University of Montana, Missoula, MT, USA - - 2014
It is estimated that up to 50% of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) receive suboptimal postoperative pain management. In a retrospective study, 224 patients who underwent TKA between January 1, 2011, and September 30, 2012, were identified by surgical records for 2 surgeons at Community Medical Center in Missoula, ...
Selim Gjulsen G University Department of Nephrology, University "Sts. Cyril and Methodius", Vodnjanska 17, 1000, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia, - - 2014
A consensus about the optimal timing of dialysis initiation is still controversial. Thus, the goal of this analysis was to compare outcomes in patients with early and late referral with early and late initiation of hemodialysis (HD). We studied 190 patients (mean age 52.03 ± 14.22) who were initiated on HD between ...
Pak Chang Sik CS Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 300 Gumi-dong, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, - - 2014
The changes in the periorbital region are among the most prominent features of the aging process in the lower eyelids. Intense focused ultrasound (IFUS), known as the Ulthera System, was designed to correct this process. The current study assessed the safety and efficacy of the Ulthera System. This study enrolled ...
van den Boom Lennard G H LG Department of Orthopedic Surgery, TweeSteden Hospital, Dr Deelenlaan 5, 5042 AD, Tilburg, The Netherlands, - - 2014
In the present study, knee joint kinematics (e.g. knee flexion/extension) and kinetics (e.g. knee flexion moments) are assessed after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) between patients implanted with either a unilateral posterior stabilized (PS) and a posterior cruciate-retaining (PCR) design. It was hypothesized that maximum knee flexion during the loading response ...
Choi Seung Ho SH Departments of *Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine ‡Neurosurgery, Neuro-Oncology Clinic, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine †Biostatistics Collaboration Unit, Gangnam Medical Research Center, Seoul, - - 2014
In patients undergoing pituitary surgery using a transsphenoidal approach, anesthesia emergence should be smooth with minimal coughing. Recent studies demonstrated that a target-controlled infusion of remifentanil effectively suppresses coughing induced by the endotracheal tube. We investigated the EC95 of remifentanil for smooth emergence without coughing from propofol anesthesia in patients ...
Shah Asad A AA Division of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North - - 2014
This study examined outcomes of a technique for performing thoracoscopic left upper lobectomy (LUL) in patients with a previous left internal mammary artery (LIMA) coronary artery bypass graft, where a small wedge of lung parenchyma adjacent to the graft is left to avoid injury. All patients undergoing thoracoscopic LUL from ...
Xu Ben B Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital and Institute of Urology, Peking University, National Urological Cancer Center, Beijing, - - 2014
Objectives: To compare the treatment of laparoscopic (LPN) versus open partial nephrectomy (OPN) in patients with multilocular cystic renal cell carcinoma (MCRCC). Methods: Thirty-seven patients diagnosed with MCRCC were reviewed retrospectively between January 2007 and January 2013 at our institution. They were divided into two groups: group 1 (LPN) consisted ...
Sevim Yusuf Y Ankara Penal Institution Campus State Hospital, General Surgery, Ankara, - - 2014
The aim of our study was to assess the effects of venous stripping on microvascular functions in isolated great saphenous vein insufficiency. Two groups of participants were prospectively evaluated. The first group included 15 healthy participants without any evidence of venous insufficiency. The second group included 20 patients with varicose ...
Hermanns Thomas T Department of Urology, University Hospital, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Absorption of irrigation fluid was undetectable during greenlight laser vaporization (LV) of the prostate using the first-generation 80W laser. However, data on intraoperative irrigation fluid absorption for the second-generation 120W high power laser is lacking. The purpose of this investigation was to assess whether fluid absorption occurs during high-power LV ...
Celik Serdar S Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the possible alterations in ureteral jet dynamics which inform physicians about ureteral physiology and peristaltism in nonobstructive kidney stone formers with this prospective-controlled study. All patients with flank pain eligible for the study underwent Doppler ultrasonoghraphy examination for evaluation of ureteral jet dynamics and non-contrast-enhanced computed tomography for ...
Simić Aleksandar P AP Department of Esophagogastric Surgery, First Surgical University Hospital, Clinical Center of Serbia, Koste Todorovica St 6, 11.000, Belgrade, Serbia, - - 2014
Ineffective esophageal motility (IEM) in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease includes three different subsets that may affect symptom profiles. Our aim was to assess symptoms and functional outcome in patients with erosive esophagitis according to different subsets of IEM, before and after Nissen fundoplication (NF). A retrospective study with prospective ...
Bloo G J A GJ Scientific Institute for Quality of Healthcare, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Department of Anaesthesiology, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Insight into the effects of ethnic disparities on patients' perioperative safety is necessary for the development of tailored improvement strategies. The aim of this study was to review the literature on safety differences between patients from minority ethnic groups and those from the ethnic majority undergoing surgery. PubMed, CINAHL, the ...
San Turhan T ENT Department, Medeniyet University Göztepe Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to retrospectively determine the possible role of septated concha bullosa on sinonasal pathologies. Paranasal sinus computerized tomography scans of patients with symptoms of headache, postnasal drip, nasal obstruction and smell disorders were retrospectively evaluated. Twenty-eight subjects with unilateral septated concha bullosa and 13 subjects ...
Peters Christopher L CL Department of Orthopaedics, University of Utah, 590 Wakara Way, Salt Lake City, UT, 84108, USA, - - 2014
The early recovery period after periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) can be limited by pain and activity restrictions. Modifications of the Bernese PAO, including sparing the rectus tendon and discontinuing routine arthrotomy, may accelerate early postoperative recovery compared with the standard approach. Does a modified approach for PAO (1) lead to improved ...
Takahashi Yasuhiro Y *Department of Ophthalmology, Aichi Medical University, Nagakute, Aichi, Japan; †Department of Radiology, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan; ‡Department of Stomatology and Oral Surgery, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Maebashi, Gunma, Japan; and §Department of Plastic Surgery, Kobe University School of Medicine, Kobe, Hyogo, - - 2014
To compare the minimum diameter of the nasolacrimal canal and its location between patients with or without primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) in a Japanese population. One hundred one patients with unilateral primary acquired NLDO (Group A, 101 affected sides; Group B, 101 unaffected sides) and 50 non-NLDO patients ...
Burkhard Fiona C FC Department of Urology, University Hospital Bern, Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Continuous intraoperative norepinephrine infusion combined with a restrictive deferred hydration has been shown to improve visibility of the surgical field and significantly reduce intraoperative blood loss and postoperative complications in patients undergoing radical cystectomy and urinary diversion. The aim of the study is to determine whether the intraoperative fluid regimen ...
Gupta Prateek K PK Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, - - 2014
Two randomized trials to date have compared open surgery (OS) and endovascular (EVAR) repair for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA); however, neither addressed optimal management of unstable patients. Single-center reports have produced conflicting data regarding the superiority of one vs the other, with the lack of statistical power due to ...
Haglund Nicholas A NA Departments of - - 2014
The authors hypothesized that the clinical profile of patients undergoing hTEE after continuous flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) implant would be in patients with greater acuity, more blood product utilization, and longer length of ICU stay, and that hTEE would change clinical management. Retrospective review. University hospital. One hundred ...
Provenza José Roberto JR Rheumatology Department, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas, São Paulo, - - 2014
We compared the analgesic efficacy and safety of glucosamine sulfate (GS) and chondroitin sulfate (CS) capsules or sachet preparations with glucosamine hydrochloride (GH) and CS capsules in knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients. 1,120 subjects with radiographic knee OA (Kellgren/Lawrence 2-3) were randomized (1:1:1) at 16 centers to receive GS 500 mg/CS 400 mg ...
Flores Lilliam L Endocrinology and Nutrition Department, Obesity Unit, Hospital Clínic i Universitari, Villarroel, 170, Escalera 11, 2° piso, CP 08036, Barcelona, Spain, - - 2014
The degree of bariatric surgery (BS) induced vitamin D (VD) malabsorption is not well established. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of achieving 25-hydroxy VD (25(OH)D) levels ≥75 nmol/L with two regimens of VD supplementation after BS. We performed two open-label, prospective studies in patients ...
Zakzouk Abdulmajeed A Service of Otolaryngology, University Hospital of Rouen, 1 rue germont, 76000, Rouen, France, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the hearing results after total ossicular replacement with a titanium prosthesis or autologous incus in the absence of stapes suprastructure and presence of mobile footplate as a retrospective medical record review in a tertiary referral center setting. There were 49 patients who ...
Ribeiro-Parenti Lara L Service Chirurgie Générale et Digestive, Hôpital Bichat Claude Bernard, 46 Rue Henri Huchard, 75018, Paris, France, - - 2014
Marginal ulcer can be a serious complication after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the rates of marginal ulcer between the antecolic and the retrocolic technique, in a large cohort of patients. Over a near 10-year period, 1,142 patients underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. ...
Zhang Zhenrong Z Department of Thoracic Surgery, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, No. 2 Yinghua East Street, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100029, China, - - 2014
A systemic review was performed to investigate whether video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) could achieve equivalent lymph node (LN) evaluation efficacy to thoracotomy. A comprehensive search of PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane was performed to identify studies comparing VATS and thoracotomy in LNs and node stations. Mean difference was calculated by Review ...
Knowles Martyn M Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
Fenestrated endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (FEVAR) is an alternative to open repair in patients with complex abdominal aortic aneurysms who are neither fit nor suitable for standard open or endovascular repair. Chimney and snorkel grafts are other endovascular alternatives but frequently require bilateral upper extremity access that has been associated ...
Hiraoka Arudo A Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Sakakibara Heart Institute of Okayama, Okayama, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the midterm clinical outcomes of various approaches, including hybrid procedures, to aortic arch pathologies. Of 305 consecutive patients who underwent aortic arch repair between 2005 and 2013, 244 underwent conventional open total aortic arch repair (CTAR) with antegrade cerebral perfusion under circulatory ...
Gafoor Sameer S Cardiovascular Center Frankfurt, Frankfurt, - - 2014
To report procedural outcome of sequential occlusion of the left atrial appendage (LAA) and an interatrial septal communication and discuss possible indications. There are some patients who may have indications for both closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) or atrial septal defect (ASD), as well as closure of the LAA. ...
Summers Stephen J SJ Department of Surgery, The Center for Reconstructive Urology and Men's Health, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT; Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, the Primary Children's Medical Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT; Department of Urology, Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
To identify the urologic needs of adult patients with spina bifida (SB) at the time of their transition from pediatric to adult care. We hypothesized that delays in transition to adult care would be associated with higher rates of active problems. We retrospectively reviewed patients seen at adult dedicated SB ...
Ozgor Faruk F Department of Urology, Haseki Research and Training Hospital, Millet Cad. No: 11, Fatih, 34096, Istanbul, - - 2014
The characteristics of clinically insignificant residual fragments (CIRFs) are well described after percutaneous nephrolithonomy (PCNL) and shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). In follow-up procedures, CIRFs are associated with obstruction, infectious conditions, and recurrent stone development. In this study, we aim to determine the medium-term outcomes of CIRF. Between May 2009 and ...
Poehling-Monaghan Kirsten L KL Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 300 First Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA, - - 2014
Although some surgeons strongly advocate for one approach over the other, there are few data directly comparing the direct anterior approach with a miniposterior approach for total hip arthroplasty (THA). Using the same advanced pain and rapid rehabilitation protocols for both groups, we compared the direct anterior and miniposterior approaches ...
Gologorsky Yakov Y Department of Neurosurgery, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New - - 2014
Object Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) with segmental pedicular instrumentation is a wellestablished procedure used to treat lumbar spondylosis with or without spondylolisthesis. Available biomechanical and clinical studies that compared unilateral and bilateral constructs have produced conflicting data regarding patient outcomes and hardware complications. Methods A prospective cohort study was ...
Fujimura Miki - - 2014
Objective: Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (HPS) is a potential complication of extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass for moyamoya disease; however, the pathological threshold of the early cerebral blood flow (CBF) increases after EC-IC bypass has yet to be determined. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the predictive and diagnostic values of ...
Bali N S NS Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Bristol Road, Birmingham, West Midlands, B31 2AP, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine whether an osteoplasty of the femoral neck performed at the same time as an intertrochanteric Imhäuser osteotomy led to an improved functional outcome or increased morbidity. A total of 20 hips in 19 patients (12 left, 8 right, 13 male, 6 female), ...
Kim Chi Heon CH *Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul National University Hospital and Seoul National University College of Medicine †Neuroscience Research Institute, Seoul National University Medical Research Center ‡Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea §Seoul National University Boramae Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Retrospective comparative study. Two PEEK cages of different designs were compared in terms of the postoperative segmental kyphosis after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. Segmental kyphosis occasionally occurs after the use of a stand-alone cage for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). Although polyetheretherketone (PEEK) material seems to have less ...
Hazewinkel Yark Y Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, the - - 2014
Serrated polyposis syndrome (SPS) is characterized by the presence of multiple serrated polyps spread throughout the colon. Patients with SPS are considered to be at risk of colorectal cancer and are advised to undergo endoscopic surveillance. Narrow-band imaging (NBI) may improve the detection of polyps during these surveillance colonoscopies. To ...
Zhang You-Yun YY Department of Urology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310016, China; Department of Urology, the First People's Hospital of Xiaoshan, Hangzhou 311200, - - 2014
It is recommended that transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) after brachytherapy should not be performed at an early stage after implantation. Herein we report our experiences and the results of channel TURP (cTURP) within six months post-implant for patients with refractory urinary retention. One hundred and ninety patients with ...
Lee Jun Kyu JK Department of Internal Medicine and Liver Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul 110-744, Korea. - - 2014
Although biliary decompression with metallic stenting is the preferred treatment for inoperable bile duct cancer (BDC), maintenance of patency is still unsatisfactory. We tried to assess the effectiveness and safety of external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for prolonging stent patency in patients having uncovered metallic stents. We retrospectively reviewed 50 patients ...
Linni Klaus K 1 Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, PMU Salzburg, - - 2014
Purpose : To compare clinical and hemodynamic outcome in patients undergoing treatment of common femoral artery (CFA) atherosclerotic lesions by bioabsorbable stent implantation (BASI group) or by common femoral artery endarterectomy (CFE group). Methods : A randomized, controlled, single-center, open-label trial was initiated to compare outcomes of BASI or CFE ...
Debieux Pedro - - 2014
Computer-assisted surgery was developed to improve the results of conventional total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The authors investigated the preoperative varus/valgus deformity influence on the production of balanced extension and flexion gaps using computer-assisted surgery. This study evaluated data from a prospective case series. A total of 132 patients (107 women ...
Starr Brett B Surgical Oncology Service, Departments of General Surgery and Radiation Oncology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, - - 2014
Nutrition is important for patients with esophageal cancer because dysphagia can be exacerbated by chemoradiotherapy. Some centers suggest routine enteral tube placement (TF) to facilitate nutrition. This investigation was to evaluate the use of TF access for patients undergoing multimodality therapy for esophageal carcinoma. This retrospective study analyzed 113 patients ...
Farach Sandra M SM Division of Pediatric Surgery, All Children's Hospital/Johns Hopkins Medicine, St. Petersburg, Florida, - - 2014
Appendectomy incurs significant costs for the healthcare system. There is evidence that patients can be safely discharged the same day after appendectomy. The purpose of this study was to develop an evidence-based protocol for same-day discharge after appendectomy. A fast-track surgery protocol was developed for same-day discharge after appendectomy. This ...
Ebert Jay R JR School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Perth, WA, - - 2014
Matrix-induced autologous chondrocyte implantation (MACI) is an established technique for the repair of knee chondral defects. Despite the reported clinical improvement in knee pain and symptoms, little is known on the recovery of knee strength and its return to an appropriate level compared with the unaffected limb. To investigate the ...
Athiviraham Aravind A Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX. - - 2014
It is unclear if healthy-appearing patellae in patients having total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can be selectively retained. In the study reported here, we hypothesized that grossly normal-appearing patellae in TKA candidates would show significant evidence of microscopic degeneration and thinning of the articular cartilage. Ninety-six consecutive patients (110 knees) with ...
Purwar Sankalp S Department of Critical Care Medicine, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
Use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) outside guideline recommendations is common. We audited use of NIV in our tertiary care critical care unit (CCU) to evaluate appropriateness of use and patient outcomes when used outside level I recommendations. Prospective observational study of all patients requiring NIV. Clinical parameters and arterial blood ...
Jetton Robert M RM 1 Research Assistant Professor, Camcore, Department of Forestry & Environmental Resources, North Carolina State University, - - 2014
Abstract The hemlock woolly adelgid Adelges tsugae Annand (Hemiptera: Adelgidae), is a non-native invasive pest that has caused widespread decline and mortality of eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr. (Pinales: Pinaceae)) and Carolina hemlock (T. caroliniana Engelm.) in the eastern United States. Our preliminary experiments evaluated the utility of a ...
Mannion John D JD From the *Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, Bayhealth Medical Center, Dover, DE USA; and †Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Orebro University Hospital, Orebro, - - 2014
"No-touch" (NT) saphenous vein harvesting preserves the adventitial vasa vasorum, prevents medial ischemia, and is associated with an improved short-term and long-term vein graft patency. It may also be associated with a higher rate of harvest site complications. Endovascular vein harvesting (endo-vein) has a low rate of harvest site complications ...
Senay Sahin S From the *Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Acibadem University School of Medicine; and Departments of †Anesthesiology and Reanimation, ‡Cardiology, and §Nursery, Acibadem Maslak Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
We report a case series of robotic mitral valve replacement in patients with severe rheumatic mitral disease. From March 2010 to June 2013, a total of 63 patients underwent robotic cardiac procedures. Robotic procedures were performed using the da Vinci Si surgical systems (Intuitive Surgical, Inc, Sunnyvale, CA USA). Eighteen ...
Hiramatsu Takeyuki T Nephrology, Konan-Kosei Hospital, Konan-city, Japan - - 2014
♦ Background: For patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), peritoneal dialysis (PD) serves as a possible renal replacement therapy. However, most PD patients, particularly those with ESRD and diabetes mellitus, reportedly discontinue PD early, resulting in shorter survival periods and poorer prognosis because of overhydration. Recently, the vasopressin-2 receptor antagonist ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >