Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1907
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Anselmetti Giovanni Carlo - - 2011
PURPOSE: Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) is a minimally invasive procedure involving the injection of bone cement within a collapsed vertebral body. Although this procedure was demonstrated to be effective in osteoporosis and metastases, few studies have been reported in cases of multiple myeloma (MM). We prospectively evaluated the safety and efficacy ...
Stecco Antonio - - 2011
Recent studies reveal the role of the ankle retinacula in proprioception and functional stability of the ankle, but there is no clear evidence of their role in the outcomes of ankle sprain. 25 patients with outcomes of ankle sprain were evaluated by MRI to analyze possible damage to the ankle ...
Stangou Maria - - 2011
AIM: IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is a very common glomerulonephritis among young adults, but the best therapeutic approach has not been fully elucidated. This study evaluated the effect of two different treatment regimes in IgAN, steroids alone or in combination with azathioprine. METHODS: Among 122 patients with primary IgA nephropathy diagnosed ...
Wan Wing Suet - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Endovascular treatment is effective in treating carotid blowout syndrome (CBS). We reviewed our experience in addressing CBS over eight years and presented an account of the treatment paradigm and management algorithm. METHOD: All cases of CBS from 2003 to 2010 with endovascular treatment performed in our center were reviewed. ...
Heino Terhi J - - 2011
Background/Aims: Pamidronate is widely used to treat pediatric patients with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). We aimed at delineating the effects of monthly pamidronate therapy on the growth of different body segments in prepubertal OI patients. Methods: The study included 14 prepubertal patients (12 boys, 2 girls) with mild forms of OI ...
Miller Larry E - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Systematic review.Objective. The primary aim of this review was to evaluate clinical and radiographic outcomes in studies of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) using allograft versus ACDF with autograft, ACDF with cage devices, and cervical disc arthroplasty for the treatment of symptomatic cervical disc disease.Summary of ...
Ghislanzoni Luis Tomas Huanca - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the treatment and posttreatment dentoskeletal effects induced by the Mandibular Advancement Repositioning Appliance (MARA) in the treatment of Class II malocclusion. Materials and Methods: The treated sample consisted of 23 consecutively treated patients at prepubertal or pubertal stages, as assessed by the cervical vertebral maturation method. ...
Kaya Demet - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To describe the dentoskeletal and soft tissue effects of facemask treatment anchored with miniplates after alternate rapid maxillary expansions and constrictions (Alt-RAMEC) in maxillary retrusion patients. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 15 patients with a mean skeletal age of 11.6 ? 1.59?years undergoing 8?weeks of Alt-RAMEC ...
Franchi Lorenzo - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To assess the dental, skeletal, and soft tissue effects of comprehensive fixed appliance treatment combined with the Forsus Fatigue Resistant Device (FRD) in Class II patients. Materials and Methods: Thirty-two Class II patients (mean age 12.7 ? 1.2?years) were treated consecutively with the FRD protocol and compared with ...
Ganz Patricia A - - 2011
Premenopausal women with breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy are at risk for amenorrhea. The National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project B-30 trial included menstrual history (MH) and quality-of-life (QOL) studies to compare treatments on these outcomes. Patients were randomly assigned to sequential doxorubicin (A) and cyclophosphamide (C) followed by ...
Iba Kousuke - - 2011
BACKGROUND: It has recently been suggested that long-term continuous treatment with bisphosphonates can eventually result in skeletal harm. We reported that the level of urinary cross-linked N-telopeptide of type I collagen (NTX) was over-reduced in 11 of 87 (12.7%) patients receiving long-term therapy with bisphosphonates. In this case, it is ...
Tzamalis Argyrios - - 2011
Purpose. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of diode laser cyclophotocoagulation (DCPC) and cyclocryotherapy (CCT) in the treatment of refractory glaucoma and compare the postoperative complications and discomfort rates. Methods. In a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical study, 40 eyes of 40 patients with refractory glaucoma ...
Langley Richard G B - - 2011
Objective: To establish the efficacy and safety of once daily treatment of Daivobet®/Dovobet® gel in patients with psoriasis vulgaris, relative to tacalcitol ointment and the gel vehicle alone. Methods: 458 patients with at least moderately severe disease were randomized in 3 treatment arms for an 8-week period. Treatment was investigator ...
Sivaprasad S - - 2011
Aim: To assess the safety and efficacy of the combined treatment of reduced-fluence verteporfin photodynamic therapy (PDT), intravitreal ranibizumab, intravitreal dexamethasone and oral minocycline for choroidal neovascularisa- tion (CNV) secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: Nineteen patients with subfoveal CNV secondary to AMD were recruited into the trial. All ...
Hoque Shafiqul - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcome and complications of sclerotherapy with injection ethanolamine oleate for the treatment of venous malformations (VMs). METHODS: Eighty-three patients' (39 males and 44 females) age ranging from 3 months to 21 years with 85 lesions were followed clinically for about 1 year following treatment with injection of ethanolamine oleate. ...
Krespi Yosef P - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Near-infrared laser illumination (NILI), with or without photo-activated (PA) agents, has bactericidal and wound healing promoting effects. NILI may have a potential role managing chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). METHODS: A prospective randomized study with 23 symptomatic post-surgical CRS patients with positive cultures was conducted. Two groups (GR1 and GR2) were ...
Bone Henry G HG Michigan Bone and Mineral Clinic, Detroit, Michigan 48236, USA. - - 2011
Denosumab treatment for 24 months increased bone mineral density (BMD) and reduced bone turnover markers (BTM) in postmenopausal women. The aim was to determine the effects of prior denosumab or placebo injections on BMD, BTM, and safety over 24 months after treatment discontinuation. We conducted an off-treatment extension of a ...
Blair Jason - - 2011
To determine the benefit of early addition of corticosteroids to antibiotics in the treatment of corneal ulcers. Randomized clinical trial. Thirty eyes of 30 patients, over the age of 12 years, with bacterial corneal ulcer confirmed by culture. Patients were randomized before enrollment; 15 were treated with gatifloxacin (Zymar) and ...
Vekris Marios D - - 2011
Congenital deficiency of the thumb greatly compromises hand function, because the normal thumb contributes at least 40% of its usefulness. The method of choice in the treatment of this functional liability is the pollicization of the index finger. This study presents the long term outcome of 21 index finger pollicizations ...
Müller Kai Ivar - - 2011
(Headache 2011;51:300-305) Remission of hemicrania continua (HC) and transformation from HC to chronic paroxysmal hemicrania (CPH) are unusual. We report a patient with left-sided HC who, after a period of remission, presented as CPH. The continuous HC headache disappeared completely after initiating treatment with cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor, but reappeared on ...
Kulo Aida - - 2011
To evaluate differences in the treatment quality between often used oral anticoagulants, warfarin and acenocoumarol in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). This was an observational, comparative, one-year clinical study, conducted in the Blood Transfusion Institute of Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina. All patients who were using warfarin/ acenocoumarol and monitored ...
Bilò Beatrice M - - 2011
Subcutaneous venom immunotherapy is the only effective treatment for patients who experience severe hymenoptera sting-induced allergic reactions, and the treatment also improves health-related quality of life. This article examines advances in various areas of this treatment, which include the immunological mechanisms of early and long-term efficacy, indications and contraindications, selection ...
Bobba Ravi K - - 2011
Acquired factor V inhibitor is a rare but potentially life-threatening hemorrhagic disorder caused by the development of autoantibodies directed against coagulation factor V. The management of acute bleeding and inhibitor eradication is the mainstay of the treatment. The authors report a case of a 79-year-old man who underwent right hip ...
Imahiyerobo-Ip Joyce I - - 2011
Acne vulgaris is a common skin condition that affects approximately 40-50 million Americans annually. The peak incidence of acne occurs during adolescence and young adulthood, with approximately 80% of persons aged 11-30 years having at least minor acne. Because the onset of acne is typically in early adolescence, pediatricians are ...
Danquart Jacob - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate our experience with sialoendoscopies for diagnosis and treatment of obstructive disease in the large salivary glands in Eastern Denmark and to broaden awareness of the procedure. A retrospective study was designed including the first 100 consecutive sialoendoscopies in 91 patients performed at ...
Konnikov Nellie - - 2011
We showed previously that pulsed dye laser (PDL) is a potentially effective therapy for BCCs <15 mm on trunk and extremities. To follow-up, we conducted a study based on optimized parameters and expanded the duration of the study to at least 1 year after treatment. Fourteen patients with 20 biopsy-proven BCCs ...
Devereux Louis - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether lateral cephalometric radiographs influence orthodontic treatment planning. It aimed to compare the odds of a change in treatment plan in three groups of orthodontists who treatment planned six cases on two occasions, T1 and T2, with the provision of a lateral ...
Cho Suhyun - - 2011
Numerous modalities have been used to treat vitiligo in children. Up to now, phototherapy and topical corticosteroids are the most commonly used treatments for adult vitiligo but studies evaluating the efficacy of these treatments in the pediatric population remain insufficient. This study was a retrospective review to evaluate the efficacy ...
Rahman Nisha - - 2011
The aim the study was to review our experience and determine the effectiveness of peritoneovenous shunts in the management of persistent ascites. A retrospective review of all patients who had a peritoneovenous shunt inserted for persistent ascites in our institution over 32 years (1977-2010) was performed. Thirty-one peritoneovenous shunts were ...
Al Dhaybi Rola - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To study the efficacy of propranolol in the treatment of periocular infantile hemangiomas (IHs). DESIGN:: Retrospective interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS:: Eighteen children presenting periocular IH with occlusion of the pupil, anisometropic astigmatism, proliferating eyelid IH, or cosmetically disfiguring periocular IH. METHODS:: All patients received treatment with propranolol started at ...
Greenlee Geoffrey M - - 2011
Anterior open-bite (AOB) treatment is considered challenging because of difficulties in determining and addressing etiologic factors and the potential for relapse in the vertical dimension after treatment. In this review, we compiled evidence on the long-term stability of the major therapeutic interventions for correcting AOB. Our objective was to review ...
Tumelero Rogério Tadeu - - 2011
Penet rat ing aor t ic atherosclerot ic ulcer i s an underdiagnosed condition that presents high rates of morbidity and mortality. We report two cases of patients with severe chest pain, with no ischemic features, who underwent chest angiotomography and showed an ulceration of the aortic wall, with contrast ...
Häusler M - - 2011
Epilepsy with myoclonic absences (EMA) is a rare epileptic syndrome with frequently poor response to antiepileptic treatment. Rufinamide (RUF) is a relatively new EMEA- and FDA-approved anticonvulsant licensed as an orphan drug for the adjunctive treatment of patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. A retrospective data analysis in 3 patients was performed. ...
Ho S G Y - - 2011
Q-switched (QS) lasers are effective in the treatment of freckles and lentigines in Type I and II skin, with minimal adverse effects. Long pulsed (LP) lasers have been proposed to be more suitable for treatment of darker skin types. To investigate the efficacy and adverse effects of using QS or ...
Rabhi Samira - - 2011
Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a familial hemolytic disorder with marked heterogeneity. A refractory chronic leg ulcer is an uncommon complication of HS, reported in fewer than two percent of patients. We present the case of a 28-year-old man who was suffering from a leg ulcer and was unresponsive to treatment ...
Abubaker Khalid - - 2011
Objectives: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is an uncommon but important cause of headache that can lead to visual loss. This study was undertaken to review our experience in the treatment of IIH by neuronavigation-assisted ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts with programmable valves as compared to lumboperitoneal (LP) shunts. Methods: A retrospective chart review was ...
Negrini Stefano - - 2011
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: It is a broad consensus today that scoliosis curves cannot be improved through bracing, and the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) methodological criteria for bracing have the avoidance of progression as their only objective. Consequently, in curves more than 45°, fusion is considered as basically the only possible treatment. ...
Galioto Nicholas J - - 2011
A previous venous thromboembolism is the most important risk factor for predicting recurrence of the condition. Several studies have shown that routine testing for inherited thrombophilias is not helpful in predicting the risk of recurrence or altering treatment decisions, and therefore is not cost-effective. Updated practice guidelines from the American ...
Gold Michael H - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of a low-level, dual-wavelength laser energy and massage device for improving the appearance of cellulite and reducing thigh circumference. Methods: Subjects (n = 83) with mild to moderate cellulite enrolled in this IRB-approved, open-label, multicenter study. Their right or left thighs ...
Qureshi Saleem - - 2011
To determine the role of pre-treatment predictors of response in assessing outcomes to standard treatment in HCV genotype 3. Observational study. Department of Medicine, KRL General Hospital, Islamabad, from December 2004 to December 2006. All patients with positive anti-HCV and PCR genotype 3a were recruited and written and informed consent ...
Landau Jennifer M - - 2011
Nevus of Ota is a pigmented lesion that usually presents at birth. Due to a greater risk for complications, physicians have not always utilized laser therapy to treat these nevi in patients with darker skin types. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the 1,064-nm Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet ...
Badawi Ashraf - - 2011
The use of lasers to treat atrophic scarring conditions in darker skin types presents a significant challenge to laser practitioners. Current treatment modalities, including deep dermal peels; ablative; non-ablative; and fractional laser resurfacing and surgical techniques, are limited in skin types IV through VI due to increased risks of hyper- ...
Bondokji S - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of a new variant of a foam-based negative wound pressure wound therapy (NPWT) system. Method: A newly available polyurethane foam-based NPWT system (RENASYS-F, Smith & Nephew) was used to treat 18 patients in a prospective, multi-centre study. The patients had a variety of wound ...
Gassab Elyes - - 2011
Background: Necrotizing otitis externa is a potentially lethal form of otitis externa which occurs mainly in elderly diabetic. Aim: To study the clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of necrotizing otitis externa and to describe the outcomes of this disease. Methods:We report in this retrospective study, a series of 36 patients ...
Youn Sung Hwan - - 2011
Viral warts are a common infectious disease and liquid nitrogen cryotherapy is one of the most common methods for treatment of these warts. Hand-foot viral warts frequently recur and reduce quality of life as well. To find the ideal treatment interval between cryotherapy sessions that can influence not only the ...
Berdoukas Vasilios - - 2011
Over the last 20 years, the management of thalassemia major has improved to the point where we predict that the patients' life expectancy will approach that of the normal population. These outcomes result from safer blood transfusions, the availability of three iron chelators, new imaging techniques that allow organ-specific assessment ...
Glavina Trpimir - - 2011
To compare the blood lactate levels between patients with psychotic disorder receiving first- and those receiving second-generation antipsychotics. The study was conducted at the psychiatric inpatient and outpatient clinics of the Split Clinical Hospital from June 6, 2008 to October 10, 2009. Sixty patients with psychotic disorder who were assigned ...
Katz Elizabeth C - - 2011
Despite findings that opioid detoxification serves little more than a palliative function, few patients who enter detoxification subsequently transition to long-term treatment. The current study evaluated intensive role induction (IRI), a strategy adapted from a single-session intervention previously shown to facilitate engagement of substance-dependent patients in drug-free treatment. IRI was ...
Chrusciak-Talhari Anette - - 2011
Miltefosine has been used in the treatment of several new world cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) species with variable efficacy. Our study is the first evidence on its clinical efficacy in Leishmania (Viannia) guyanensis. In this phase II/III randomized clinical trial, 90 CL patients were randomly allocated (2:1) to oral miltefosine (2.5 ...
Lungu Codrin - - 2011
Previous studies have explored the efficacy and safety of botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) treatment for Focal hand dystonia (FHD), but none have followed a large number of patients for 10 years or more. Retrospective study, with benefit and weakness assessed on a 0 to 4 subjective scale. Demographic, clinical and treatment ...
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