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Nicholson Helen L HL Sydney Adventist Hospital, Urology , 185 Fox Valley Rd , Wahroonga, New South Wales, Australia, 2076 ; - - 2014
Objectives: To determine if there is a role for high powered photoselective vaporisation of the prostate (PVP) in large prostates for the management of bladder outlet obstruction. This study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of PVP in prostates ≥ 100 cc. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of ...
Nahata Leena - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Male hypogonadism is a common disorder that is associated with low bone density, poor muscle mass, anemia, and sexual dysfunction. The Endocrine Society recently published a Clinical Practice Guideline for testosterone therapy in androgen-deficient men. Because treatment is frequently initiated in adolescence, the goal of this quality improvement ...
Wang Kai - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of plasmakinetic resection of the prostate (PKRP) versus transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for the treatment of patients with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was carried out. We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library. ...
Dwyer Tim T University of Toronto Orthopaedic Sports Medicine Program, Mount Sinai Hospital and Women's College Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of inserting a glenoid anchor at the 5:30 clockface position using a trans-subscapularis (TSS) portal versus a low anterior (LA) portal. Five surgeons (T.D., J.C., C.V., D.J.O-H., J.S.T.) placed a single anchor in 20 fresh-frozen cadaveric shoulders. In each of ...
Elshal Ahmed M AM Urology department, McGill University, Montreal, Canada; Mansoura Urology and Nephrology center, Mansoura, - - 2014
After the advent of the XPS (180W) 532nm-laser, Photoselective Vapo-Enucleation of the Prostate (PVEP) could compete with Holmium Laser Enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) as a size independent procedure. To assess whether PVEP-XPS is not less effective than HoLEP for improvement of lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to benign prostatic ...
Suzuki Sayaka S Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Health Economics, School of Public Health, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan2Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
Although postoperative bleeding after tonsillectomy is rare, it is potentially life-threatening. The association between steroid administration and postoperative bleeding remains controversial. The findings of previous studies were limited by small sample sizes. To examine the impact of intravenous steroid administration on posttonsillectomy bleeding requiring reoperation in children and adults. Retrospective ...
Sudhalkar Aditya A Eye Hospital and Retinal Laser Centre, Mahajan Lane, Raopura Baroda, 390002, Gujarat, India, - - 2014
We report the long-term safety and outcomes of off-label Mycobacterium W (Mw) administration in steroid resistant optic neuritis. In a case series, six patients with documented idiopathic corticosteroid refractory unilateral optic neuritis were treated with immuvac (Mycobacterium W extract). The dose was repeated at three months. Outcomes measures included the best ...
Ng Jia Hui JH Department of Otolaryngology, Singhealth, Singapore, - - 2014
Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is typically treated with systemic steroids. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficacy of salvage intratympanic steroid treatment in patients who have initial treatment failure with systemic steroids. A MEDLINE literature search was performed, supported by searches of Web of Science, Biosis, and ...
Guo Xiangjun - - 2014
Efforts to improve the efficacy of smear layer removal by applying irrigant activation at the final irrigation or by elevating the temperature of the irrigant have been reported. However, the combination of such activation protocols with 60[degree sign]C 3% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) has seldom been mentioned. The aim of this ...
Sundblad Patrik P Department of Environmental Physiology, Swedish Aerospace Physiology Centre, School of Technology and Health, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Berzelius väg 13, 171 65, Stockholm, Sweden, - - 2014
Because leg arterial stiffness is higher in subjects with high G tolerance, we hypothesized that subjects with high G tolerance would have larger capacity for vasoconstriction. Sixteen subjects, eight with high and eight with low G tolerance (H and L group, respectively), were exposed to a cold pressor test (CPT) ...
Lee Hakmin H Department of Urology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, - - 2014
To investigate the impact of prostatic apical shape from preoperative magnetic resonance imaging on early recovery of urinary continence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). We reviewed the records of 1011 patients who underwent RARP at a tertiary center from October 2007 to March 2013. Patients were stratified into 4 different ...
Takahashi Jun J Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Shinshu University, Matsumotoshi Asahi 3-1-1, Nagano, 390-8621, Japan, - - 2014
This study aimed to determine whether Ponte osteotomy combined with skip pedicle screw fixation (SPSF) can improve the correction rate and restore thoracic kyphosis for patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Surgical time, blood loss, preoperative Cobb angle of the main thoracic curve, flexibility, Cobb angle at 1 year after surgery, thoracic ...
Buiatti Alessandra A Department for Electrophysiology, Deutsches Herzzentrum, Technische Universität München, Munich, - - 2014
The role of dissociated pulmonary vein (DPV) activity after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is still poorly defined. We evaluated electrophysiological features and clinical impact on long-term outcome of DPV activity. 243 patients (mean age 63 ± 11 years; 63% male) undergoing PVI for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) were included. DPV ...
Huang Zifang Z *Department of Anatomy, Guangdong Provincial Medical Biomechanical Key Laboratory, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China †Department of Spine Surgery, the 1st Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, - - 2014
A retrospective study. To compare radiographic outcomes of Lenke 5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients treated by vertebral column manipulator (VCM) or simple rod derotation (SRD) maneuver. The direct vertebral rotation (DVR) technique has demonstrated better rotational and coronal correction than SRD, but clinical radiographic outcomes for Lenke 5C AIS ...
Martin David P DP 1Departments of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital and the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, - - 2014
Study Design. A prospective randomized controlled trial.Objective. The purpose of this study was to prospectively compare the efficacy of neurophysiologic monitoring during general anesthesia with either a total intravenous technique or with the volatile anesthetic agent, desflurane.Summary of Background Data. A total intravenous anesthetic technique is generally chosen when neurophysiological ...
Segaren N N Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, The Catterall Unit, Brockley Hill, Stanmore, Middlesex, HA7 4LP, - - 2014
Proximal femoral varus osteotomy improves the biomechanics of the hip and can stimulate normal acetabular development in a dysplastic hip. Medial closing wedge osteotomy remains the most popular technique, but is associated with shortening of the ipsilateral femur. We produced a trigonometric formula which may be used pre-operatively to predict ...
Engelman Glenn H GH Department of Orthopaedics, Sports Medicine Program, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado, USA Musculoskeletal Research Center, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado, - - 2014
Graft selection for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructive surgery is a controversial topic. Few studies have compared graft outcomes in adolescents. To identify factors related to ACL graft failure in an adolescent cohort. Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. After institutional review board approval was obtained, adolescent subjects (age range, ...
Blackman Andrew J AJ Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine failure rates, functional outcomes, and risk factors for failure after revision anterior shoulder stabilization surgery in high-risk adolescent athletes. Adolescent athletes who underwent primary anterior shoulder stabilization were reviewed. Patients undergoing subsequent revision stabilization surgery were identified and analyzed. Failure rates after ...
Lang Nikolaus W NW Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, 1090, Vienna, - - 2014
Advances in multimodal treatment have improved survival of patients with nonmetastatic osteosarcoma. At the same time, implant design has improved the outcomes of limb salvage with modular endoprostheses. However, little is known about sports activity in long-term survivors with osteosarcoma. We wanted to evaluate (1) sports activity levels in long-term ...
Hingsammer Andreas M AM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital Balgrist, University of Zurich, Forchstrasse 340, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland, - - 2014
Mixed femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is typically managed with both femoral and acetabular rim osteoplasties, but it has not been reported if the rim osteoplasty is always required. We hypothesized that mixed FAI managed by femoral or combined femoral and acetabular osteoplasties will both attain satisfactory clinical results, provided intraoperative impingement-free ...
Bobanga Iuliana D ID Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Case Western/University Hospital Case Medical Center, 11100 Euclid Avenue, LKS 5047, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Factors influencing recurrence of ileocecal Crohn's disease (CD) after surgical resection may differ between adolescents and adults. CD patients who underwent ileocecectomy were retrospectively divided into pediatric onset (age at diagnosis ≤ 16 years, n = 34) and adult onset (>16, n = 108) patients to evaluate differences in risks ...
Maffulli Nicola N Department of Musculoskeletal Disorders, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy, - - 2014
Open surgery for patellar tendinopathy allows patients with unilateral and bilateral tendinopathy to return to high levels of physical activity. Two groups of 23 athletes each underwent open surgical exploration for management of patellar tendinopathy. One group suffered from unilateral patellar tendinopathy (unilateral group), and the other group had bilateral ...
Liu Tie T Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
To compare sagittal profiles of selective posterior thoracic instrumentation with segmental pedicle screws instrumentation and hybrid (hook and pedicle screw). Nowadays, thoracic screws are considered more effective than other constructs in spinal deformity correction and have become the treatment in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis surgery. However, recent research found that this ...
Yuan Fei F Department of General Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215004, - - 2014
The value of gamma probes in the surgical treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT) was determined. The aim of this study was to enhance the rate of successful total parathyroidectomy in patients with sHPT using intraoperative gamma probe investigations. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 48 sHPT patients between May ...
LaPrade Robert F RF The Steadman Clinic, 181 West Meadow Drive, Suite 400, Vail, CO 81657, USA; Center for Outcomes-based Orthopaedic Research, Steadman Philippon Research Institute, 181 West Meadow Drive, Suite 1000, Vail, CO 81657, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Trochlear dysplasia is a common cause of recurrent patellar instability. It is most frequently seen in adolescent female patients with a history of patellar dislocations. Dysplasia is generally classified using the 4-part Dejour classification system. In certain patients, a sulcus-deepening trochleoplasty in conjunction with a medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction or ...
Cho Min Soo MS Cardiac Imaging Center, Asan Medical Center Heart Institute, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South - - 2014
Although surgery is recommended for pediatric patients with supracristal ventricular septal defects (sVSDs) to prevent progression of aortic regurgitation (AR), outcomes in adolescents and adults with sVSDs are not known. In this retrospective observational study, clinical data without surgery were obtained in 60 patients with sVSDs (group 1; mean age, ...
Qin Yan - - 2014
To evaluate the long-term use of ciclosporin on kidney transplant recipients who survived more than 10 years. We reviewed cadaveric kidney transplant patients who had survived 10 years or longer in this study. Patients were divided into five groups based on their ciclosporin concentration at one year: group 1 (> ...
Yuan Fei - - 2014
The value of gamma probes in the surgical treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT) was determined. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 48 sHPT patients between May 2007 and September 2011. Preoperative (99)Tc(m)- methoxyisobutyl isonitrile (MIBI) scintigraphy and high-frequency ultrasonography were used for parathyroid localization. Thirty-five patients (group I) underwent ...
Khawaja Abdul Rouf AR Department of Urology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
To assess the effectiveness of laparoscopic stentless pyeloplasty for congenital ureteropelvic junction obstruction. This was a prospective comparative study conducted over a period of 5 years. The study included 35 cases of primary ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) with mean age of 29.5 years, divided in two groups- Group A (stent-less, ...
Yang Jae Hyuk JH Department of Orthopedics, Scoliosis Research Institute, Korea University Guro Hospital, Guro 2-dong, Guro-gu, Seoul, 152-703, Korea, - - 2014
To analyze the changes in the curve extent, pattern and the fusion level in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients who undergo delayed surgery instead of early surgery. Thirty-five immature AIS patients whose radiographs demonstrated an initial primary curve of more than 40° with a subsequent increase of 10° before attaining ...
Kim Seung-Seob SS 0000-0001-6071-306X Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To describe the ultrasonographic (US) findings of type IIIa biliary atresia. We retrospectively reviewed a medical database of patients pathologically confirmed to have biliary atresia, Kasai type IIIa, between January 2002 and May 2013 (n=18). We evaluated US findings including the visible common bile duct (CBD), triangular cord thickness, gallbladder ...
Alahmari Ayedh D - - 2014
During most COPD exacerbations, patients continue to live in the community but there is little information on changes in activity during exacerbations due to the difficulties of obtaining recent, prospective baseline data. Patients recorded on daily diary cards any worsening in respiratory symptoms, peak expiratory flow (PEF) and the number ...
Celikoglu Mevlut M Associate professor, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients affected by cleft lip and palate often have complaints of snoring and respiratory difficulties during sleep. The purposes of this study were to evaluate nasopharyngeal, oropharyngeal, and total airway volumes of patients affected by unilateral cleft lip and palate and to compare them with a well-matched control group without ...
Bergström Eva-Karin EK Department of Cariology, Institute of Odontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, Public Dental Health Service, Västra Götaland Region, Gothenburg, - - 2014
To evaluate approximal caries increment among 12- to 16-year-olds in a low caries prevalence area in Sweden after a 3.5-year school-based fluoride (F) varnish programme with Bifluorid 12 and Duraphat. The design was a RCT study with 1365 adolescents, divided into following four groups: Group 1 Bifluorid 12 two applications/year; ...
Tarrant Roslyn C RC SpR in Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgery; Our Lady's Children's Hospital, Crumlin, Dublin 12, Ireland SpR in Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgery, Our Lady's Children's Hospital, Crumlin, Dublin 12, Ireland SpR in Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgery, Our Lady's Children's Hospital, Crumlin, Dublin 12, Ireland Department of Anaesthetics, Our Lady's Children's Hospital, Crumlin, Dublin 12, Ireland; lackrock Clinic, Blackrock, Co. Dublin, Ireland Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Our Lady's Children's Hospital, Crumlin, Dublin 12, Ireland; lackrock Clinic, Blackrock, Co. Dublin, Ireland Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Our Lady's Children's Hospital, Crumlin, Dublin 12, Ireland; lackrock Clinic, Blackrock, Co. Dublin, - - 2014
Study Design. Prospective studyObjective. To assess the timing and predictors of return to short-term functional activity in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) after posterior spinal fusion (PSF)Summary of Background Data. Few studies have examined the timing and rate of return to short-term functional activity in patients with AIS after ...
Zürcher Arthur W AW Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Diakonessen Hospital, Bosboomstraat 1, 3582 KE Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Some reports showed few but significant more axial femorotibial rotation in favor of mobile-bearing (MB) versus fixed-bearing (FB) total knee arthroplasty (TKA), mostly during knee bend fluoroscopic studies. The goal of the current study was to submit MB and FB groups of TKA patients to a turning activity, in which ...
Brito Helena Shino Hanai HS Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Department of Pediatrics, Escola Paulista de Medicina/Universidade Federal de São Paulo , São Paulo, SP , Brazil - - 2014
Abstract Helicobacter pylori and immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) association is not well established in chronic ITP (cITP) in children, although the cure of thrombocytopenia in approximately half of H. pylori eradicated adult patients has been described. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of H. pylori eradication ...
Zhu Z Z From the Department of Spine Surgery, Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, - - 2014
Steeper tapering of the cervical spinal canal as documented in recent studies is thought to have a role in the pathophysiology of Chiari malformation-associated syringomyelia. This study aimed to determine whether taper ratio of the cervical spinal canal differs between patients with distended and nondistended syringes. Seventy-seven adolescents (10-18 years) ...
Mermerkaya Musa Ugur MU Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Bozok University, Yozgat, Turkey, - - 2014
To compare femoral and tibial tunnel widening (TW) in patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using an interference screw (IS), or an EndoButton-Continuous Loop(®) on the femoral side, and an IS/staple on the tibial side. Between 2006 and 2009, at a single institution, 72 patients who underwent arthroscopic ACL ...
Dumitrascu Traian T Center of General Surgery and Liver Transplant, Fundeni Clinical Institute, Fundeni Street No. 258, Bucharest, 022328, Romania. - - 2014
The impact of splenectomy on outcomes after distal pancreatectomy was assessed in the present study, with a special emphasis on the postoperative systemic inflammatory response. Thirty-three patients with spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy-Kimura technique (SPDP group) were compared with a group of distal pancreatectomies with splenectomy (DPS group). The two groups were ...
Abo-Ryia Mohammad Hamdy MH Gastrointestinal Surgery Unit, General Surgery Department, Tanta University Hospital, Tanta, Egypt, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the preperitoneal versus the preaponeurotic mesh positioning in open paraumbilical hernia repair. During the period from January 2011 until July 2012, 60 adult patients were randomly assigned to two equal groups. The patients in group A were treated by preperitoneal mesh repair ...
Nault Marie-Lyne ML *Research Center, Sainte-Justine University Hospital Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada †Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; and ‡Departement de genie de la production automatisee, Ecole de technologie superieure, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
This is a prospective case-control study. The objective of this study was to compare 3-dimensional (3D) morphological parameters of the spine at the first visit between a nonprogressive (NP) and a progressive (P) group of immature adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Prediction of curve progression remains challenging in AIS at the ...
Aydin Salih S From the *Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Bagcilar Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul; and †Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical Park Hospital, Elazig, - - 2014
Pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF) is the most common postoperative complication after total laryngectomy. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between PCF with pharyngeal repair time and the number of mucosal sutures. The medical records of 47 patients who underwent total laryngectomy were assessed prospectively. The pharyngeal repair ...
Goultidis Theodoros T TT *3rd Orthopaedic Department †2nd Department of Pediatric Surgery, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki-Medical School, Papageorgiou General Hospital, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
The melatonin deficiency hypothesis as a central mechanism in the pathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is certainly intriguing. However, the actual role of melatonin remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the potential clinical value of melatonin serum level in the pathogenesis and the prognosis of ...
Fletcher Nicholas D ND Emory University Department of Orthopaedics, 59 Executive Park South NE, Atlanta, GA, 30329, USA, - - 2014
To evaluate the clinical and economic impact of a novel postoperative pathway following posterior spinal fusion (PSF) in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Patient charts were reviewed for demographic data and to determine length of surgery, implant density, use of osteotomies, estimated blood loss, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) ...
Maruhashi Tatsuya T Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8551, - - 2014
Nitroglycerine-induced vasodilation is usually used as a control test for flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD). However, nitroglycerine-induced vasodilation per se has also been reported to be impaired in patients with atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between nitroglycerine-induced vasodilation and the clinical severity of peripheral artery disease ...
Aydin Mehmet Dumlu MD Medical Faculty, Department of Neurosurgery, Ataturk University, Erzurum, - - 2014
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) secretion may be increased in the early phases of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), possibly via ischemic glossopharyngeal nerve discharges, and decreased due to glossopharyngeal nerve degeneration in the late phase of SAH; but this reflex pathway has not been definitively investigated. We studied the relationship between petrous ganglion ...
Kim Jong Wook JW Department of Internal Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang, - - 2014
The optimal colon-cleansing method after failure of bowel preparation (BP) for colonoscopy has not been established. We aimed to compare BP rescue methods after failed initial BP and to identify risk factors for rescue BP failure. Eighty-five patients with BP failure after 4 L polyethylene glycol (PEG) ingestion were prospectively enrolled ...
Sanders James O JO Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 665, Rochester, NY 14642. E-mail address: - - 2014
Although the efficacy of bracing for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis has been debated, recent evidence indicates a strong dose-response effect with respect to preventing curve progression of ≥6°. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether bracing, prescribed with use of current criteria, prevents surgery and how many patients must ...
Sousa A A AA Instituto Alfa de Gastroenterologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, - - 2014
Objective: This study compared the incidence of salivary fistula between groups with an early or late reintroduction of oral feeding, and identified the predictive factors for salivary fistula. Methods: A randomised trial was performed using 89 patients with larynx or hypopharynx cancer, assigned to 2 groups (early or late). In ...
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