Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1059
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Zanotti Ercole - - 2012
Few and contrastingly data are available about use of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Comparing the effects of the combination of pulmonary rehabilitation and OMT compared with pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in patients with severely impaired COPD. Rehabilitative pulmonary department. Patients underwent exercise training, ...
Wang Ken Kang-Hsin - - 2011
PURPOSE: To quantify intrafraction prostate motion between patient groups treated with and without daily endorectal balloon (ERB) employed during prostate radiotherapy and establish the effectiveness of the ERB. METHODS: Real-time intrafraction prostate motion from 29 non-ERB (1,061 sessions) and 30 ERB (1,008 sessions) patients was evaluated based on three-dimensional (3D), ...
Smeenk Robert Jan - - 2011
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of endorectal balloons (ERBs) on intrafraction and interfraction prostate motion during radiotherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Thirty patients were treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy, to a total dose of 80 Gy in 40 fractions. In 15 patients, a daily-inserted air-filled ERB was applied. Prostate motion was tracked, ...
Cahill Anne Marie - - 2011
To evaluate the clinical outcomes of percutaneous sclerotherapy for congenital head and neck lymphatic malformations in our institution. Over a 7-year period, 17 children (10 M, 7 F) mean age 5.8 months (5 days to 13 months) underwent 49 sclerotherapy procedures for congenital head and neck malformations. The imaging and ...
Yang Ki Su - - 2011
This study was conducted to analyze the efficacy of photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) with the use of a 980 nm diode laser for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) according to postoperative period. Data were collected from 96 patients who were diagnosed with BPH and who underwent PVP with the ...
Lee Sang-Hun - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Study Design. A prospective, randomized studyObjectives. To analyze the effect of local retropharyngeal steroid to reduce prevertebral soft tissue swelling (PSTS) after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF).Summary of Background Data. There have been several reports on intravenous corticosteroid to prevent airway complication without a consensus, however, there have ...
Chandra Mekhala - - 2011
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation after acne can be as troublesome as the acne itself. Hydroquinone, a tyrosinase inhibitor, in a 4% cream can be used safely twice daily for up to 6 months to treat post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. The efficacy of this treatment can be enhanced by using a retinoid nightly and a ...
Gething Alex D - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of resistance training and long-term anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) administration on respiratory function. Subject groups consisted of AAS users (n = 9) who were still using AAS at time of testing (SU); AAS users (n = 6) who had been ...
Lizak Maria K - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of early steroid withdrawal on renal function, diabetes mellitus (DM) and coronary artery vasculopathy of the transplanted heart (CAV) development and late rejection in orthotopic heart transplant (OHT) recipients. 76 patients undergoing OHT in years 2000-2004 (6 women, 50% ischemic, ...
Banaszewska Beata - - 2011
A randomized trial on women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) compared simvastatin, metformin, and a combination of these drugs. The aim of the study was to evaluate long-term effects of simvastatin and metformin on PCOS. Women with PCOS (n = 139) were randomized to simvastatin (S), metformin (M), or simvastatin ...
Hunter Ross J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: -Whether ablation of complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAE) modifies AF by eliminating drivers or atrial de-bulking remains unknown. This randomised study aimed to determine the effect of ablating different CFAE morphologies compared to normal electrograms (i.e. de-bulking normal tissue) on the cycle length of persistent AF (AFCL). METHODS AND ...
Obuchi T - - 2011
Introduction: In recent years, the number of hemodialysis patients has been continuously increasing. At the same time, the use of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for lung cancer has also increased. However, reports of the outcome of VATS in hemodialysis patients are still quite rare. Methods: From 1995 to 2011, 14 ...
Liu Anthony - - 2011
The use of systemic steroids has been established as a risk factor for the development of posterior subcapsular cataracts. In recent decades, the use of nasal topical steroids has increased in an effort to decrease systemic side effects. Current evidence of an association between nasal steroid use and cataract formation ...
Hatef Daniel A - - 2011
Background: Minimizing complications after rhinoplasty is a priority for every surgeon performing the procedure. Perioperative steroid administration has been shown to decrease postoperative edema and ecchymosis in a number of prospective randomized trials. Objectives: In an effort to further elucidate the significance of the data and develop an evidence-based algorithm ...
Sarkhy Ahmed A Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Pediatrics, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2011
The role of adjuvant steroid therapy in the postoperative management of patients with biliary atresia (BA) is unclear. To systematically review the literature and perform a meta-analysis to determine the efficacy of adjuvant steroid therapy post-Kasai portoenterostomy (KP) on BA outcome. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials and⁄or ...
Hossack Tania A - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: There is little reported on sexual functional outcome following photoselective vaporisation of the prostate using the 120 W lithium triborate laser. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate changes in sexual function at 3 and 12 months following PVP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The primary outcome measures were changes in ...
Krych Aaron J - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To our knowledge, there is no published information on the efficacy of epidural steroid injections for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation in an athletic population. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of epidural corticosteroid injection for treatment of lumbar disc herniation in a group ...
Razeghinejad M Reza - - 2011
Steroids in susceptible individuals can cause a clinical condition similar to primary open-angle glaucoma. Five percent of the population are high steroid responders and develop an intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation of more than 15 mm Hg above baseline. IOP elevation may occur as early as 1 day to as late ...
Saad Farid - - 2011
Testosterone has a spectrum of effects on the male organism. This review attempts to determine, from published studies, the time-course of the effects induced by testosterone replacement therapy from their first manifestation until maximum effects are attained. Literature data on testosterone replacement. Effects on sexual interest appear after 3 weeks ...
Sharma A - - 2011
Relative adrenal insufficiency (RAI) is commonly diagnosed in critically ill patients failing to maintain a pressor response and/or with electrolyte abnormalities. We report a case of a 59-year-old man who presented with diverticular bleeding and developed prolonged ileus postoperatively. After observing arthritic joints on examination, further questioning revealed long-term, high-dose ...
Walid M Sami - - 2011
Triple H therapy is conventionally used to treat vasospasm following sub-arachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) but can sometimes have side effects. In order to investigate pulmonary complications in SAH patients and relationship with age we conducted the following study. The charts of 121 sub-arachnoid hemorrhage patients who underwent clipping or coiling of ...
Collawn Sherry Stine - - 2011
Abstract Liposculpting of the body and face with the Smartlipo MPX™ has given excellent, predictable and long-lasting results. Since June 2009, a total of 72 patients have undergone liposuction with the Smartlipo MPX. Of these, the Smartlipo MPX has been used on the abdomen in 17 cases, on the thighs ...
Glueck Charles J - - 2011
Our specific aim was to describe thrombosis (osteonecrosis of the hips, pulmonary embolism, and amaurosis fugax) after exogenous testosterone was given to men with no antecedent thrombosis and previously undiagnosed familial thrombophilia. After starting testosterone patch or gel, 50 mg/day or intramuscular testosterone 400 mg IM/month, 2 men developed bilateral ...
Zhang Peijun - - 2011
The number of cetaceans housed in aquariums in China is increasing. Detailed information on the historical and current population status has not been reported, despite its importance for successful breeding and population management. Questionnaires were conducted between December 2006 and May 2009, and the information was used to construct studbooks. ...
Kanchanabat B - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common life-threatening complication after surgery. This review analysed the rate and mortality of VTE after orthopaedic surgery in Asia. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were: prospective study; deep vein thrombosis (DVT) diagnosed by venography or ultrasonography; hip fracture surgery (HFS), total hip arthroplasty (THA) or ...
Kamm M A MA Department of Medicine, St Vincent's Hospital and the University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. - - 2011
Treatments that achieve sustainable steroid-free clinical remission in Crohn's disease are needed; however, long-term steroid-sparing efficacy data are limited. To evaluate steroid-sparing efficacy and the impact of steroid discontinuation on adverse events during treatment of Crohn's disease with adalimumab in the phase III randomised, double-blind 1-year CHARM trial and for ...
Behjati Mostafa - - 2011
Transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) with Amplatzer device is an alternative procedure to surgical repair, with some limitations. The aim of this study was to assess the initial and mid-term results of the treatment of ASD with Amplatzer septal occluder in children and adolescents. From May 2003 ...
Punekar Y S - - 2011
Intranasal steroids are effective in preventing or delaying recurrence of nasal polyps. However, their effectiveness in delaying a need for repeat polypectomy in clinical practice is unknown. To compare time to a repeat polypectomy between post-polypectomy intranasal steroid users and non-users. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPLE: Our cohort consisted of patients in GPRD who ...
Parbhu Keshini C - - 2011
: To prospectively study patients' postoperative experience with blepharoplasty and to determine how closely patients' expectations compare with their actual experience. : A prospective observational study of 51 consecutive patients undergoing bilateral upper eyelid blepharoplasty by a single surgeon (J.A.L.) between October 2008 and May 2009 was performed. Prior to ...
Vinothkumar Thilla Sekar - - 2011
The study evaluated the compatibility of chloroform, ether, and xylene with poly(dimethyl siloxane) (PDMS) based sealer. Freshly mixed sealer was placed in 90 glass molds with 5 mm diameter and 2 mm thickness. All samples were stored in 75% relative humidity at 37°C for 2 weeks. All the samples were ...
Surav Dilek B DB Department of Anesthesiology, Kandira State Hospital, Kandira, - - 2011
Levobupivacaine, the S(-) isomer of bupivacaine, is less cardiotoxic than racemic bupivacaine. Previous studies have examined different concentrations of levobupivacaine in similar ways. This prospective, randomized, double-blind study was designed to determine the clinical efficacy and hemodynamic effects of different concentrations and equivalent volumes of levobupivacaine in epidural anesthesia. To ...
Rampen Anneke J J - - 2011
There exists no "gold standard" in the treatment of ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE). We treated 7 patients with mild UNE using a local steroid injection with ultrasonographic monitoring. At clinical follow-up after 6 weeks, 4 patients had improved, 2 were stable, and 1 reported an increase in symptoms. ...
Antonoff Mara B - - 2011
In a recent report, authors describe their findings from the Exhale Airway Stents for Emphysema (EASE) trial. In this study, investigators follow patients with emphysema and severe hyperinflation after a novel bronchoscopic lung-volume reduction procedure utilizing paclitaxel-eluting stents. Despite the merits of this randomized, sham-controlled, multi-institutional study, the authors were ...
Wycherly Benjamin J - - 2011
Objective. To review our experience with intratympanic steroids (ITSs) for the treatment of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL), emphasizing the ideal time to perform follow-up audiograms. Methods. Retrospective case review of patients diagnosed with ISSNHL treated with intratympanic methylprednisolone. Injections were repeated weekly with a total of 3 injections. ...
Valfrè Laura - - 2011
The increased survival rate reached in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has shown a concomitant increase in late morbidity. A recent report from CDH Study Group showed that dimension of diaphragmatic defect is the only independent risk factor of mortality. However, the influence of defect size on late morbidity ...
Bhat Yasmeen J - - 2011
Topical corticosteroids were first introduced for use in 1951. Since then uncontrolled use (abuse) has caused many different reactions resembling rosacea - steroid dermatitis or iatrosacea. Multiple pathways including rebound vasodilatation and proinflammatory cytokine release have been proposed as the mechanism for such reactions. The aim was to study the ...
Ciorba A A Audiology Department, University Hospital of Ferrara. - - 2011
It is common in clinical practice to administer systemic steroids to treat sensorineural hearing loss due to bullous myringitis (BM). Nonetheless, there is currently no definitive evidence that steroid therapy is effective and appropriate for BM. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of systemic steroid therapy ...
Agbaje L O LO Department of Restorative Dentistry, College of Medicine of the University of Lagos, Idi-araba, - - 2010
To evaluate post-operative sensitivity and secondary caries associated with posterior composite restoration. The study involved restoration of occlusal and proximo-occlusal caries on premolars and molars of 62 patients seen at the out-patient clinic of the restorative department of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital. The restorations were completed with a micro-hybrid ...
Chan Annie - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of preoperative pupil size on quality of vision after wavefront-guided LASIK. Prospective study. One hundred two eyes. LASIK for mild to moderate myopia or astigmatism (preoperative manifest spherical equivalent, -3.99±1.42 diopters). Questionnaires evaluating specific visual symptoms before and after surgery. Each eye was evaluated before surgery, ...
Swellengrebel Hendrik Albert Maurits - - 2010
To evaluate the long-term attachment of two types of endoclips in the human gastrointestinal tract. In this prospective observational study, endoclips were placed and followed-up during endoscopies or using fluoroscopic images as part of a prospective feasibility study evaluating external beam radiotherapy (EBRT, wk 1-3) followed by high dose rate ...
Léonard Guillaume - - 2011
Evidence from recent animal studies indicates that the analgesic effect of low-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is reduced in opioid-tolerant animals. The aim of the present study was to compare the analgesic effect of conventional (high frequency) and acupuncture-like (low frequency) TENS between a group of opioid-treated patients and ...
Laine L - - 2010
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID)-related GI effects vary based on patient characteristics. To assess risk factors for NSAID-associated upper GI clinical events and dyspepsia. Patients ≥50 years with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis were randomized to etoricoxib or diclofenac in a prespecified intent-to-treat analysis of three double-blind randomized trials. Potential risk factors ...
Benner Stefan - - 2010
In many years of experience in treating athletes with acupuncture, I often had the impression that athletes in endurance sports showed improved performances after such treatments. In order to scientifically verify these impressions, I performed a field test with three groups of runners of different performance levels preparing for a ...
Lima Giana da Silveira Gda - - 2010
Actinic cheilitis (AC) is a precancerous lesion of the lip vermillion caused by prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 3% diclofenac in 2.5% hyaluronic acid gel in the treatment of AC. Thirty-four patients with chronic AC were treated twice a ...
Manjoo Ajay - - 2010
Indomethacin may preserve tissue viability in compartment syndrome. The mechanism of improved tissue viability is unclear, but the anti-inflammatory effects may alter the relative contribution of tissue necrosis versus apoptosis to cellular injury. Existing studies have only considered indomethacin administration before induction of elevated intracompartment pressure. The purpose of this ...
Yin Chang Shik CS Acupuncture and Meridian Science Research Center, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of acupuncture on the treatment of refractory sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL), treatment of which remains a major clinical challenge. The study design was descriptive research to document the effect of acupuncture in a series of SSHL cases. The study was ...
Goto Takahiro - - 2011
It has been reported that osteoid osteoma may heal spontaneously. To elucidate the efficacy of conservative treatment with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for osteoid osteoma, clinical courses of the 15 patients with osteoid osteoma conservatively treated with NSAIDs were observed. Twelve out of the 15 patients took a usual dose ...
Superceanu Bogdan - - 2010
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used agents that can cause serious gastrointestinal (GI) side effects. For patients at increased risk of NSAID-related GI complications, prophylaxis with either a nonselective NSAID plus gastroprotective agent (GPA) or, alternatively, therapy with a&nbsp; cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitor with or without a GPA such as ...
Yoon Michael K - - 2010
To compare the effectiveness of nepafenac 0.10% in achieving and maintaining pupil dilation with the effectiveness of flurbiprofen 0.03% and a placebo in a rabbit model. Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA. Laboratory study. Adult pigmented rabbits were randomized to 3 equal-sized groups: placebo, flurbiprofen, and ...
Oncül Ay┼čegül Mine Tüzüner - - 2011
Our aim was to compare the analgesic affects of paracetamol and the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) diclofenac sodium for the relief of postoperative pain in patients having bimaxillary osteotomy. Thirty patients were randomly allocated into two groups (n = 15 in each) using sealed envelopes. The first group was given ...
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