Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1040
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Sharma A - - 2011
Relative adrenal insufficiency (RAI) is commonly diagnosed in critically ill patients failing to maintain a pressor response and/or with electrolyte abnormalities. We report a case of a 59-year-old man who presented with diverticular bleeding and developed prolonged ileus postoperatively. After observing arthritic joints on examination, further questioning revealed long-term, high-dose ...
Walid M Sami - - 2011
Triple H therapy is conventionally used to treat vasospasm following sub-arachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) but can sometimes have side effects. In order to investigate pulmonary complications in SAH patients and relationship with age we conducted the following study. The charts of 121 sub-arachnoid hemorrhage patients who underwent clipping or coiling of ...
Collawn Sherry Stine - - 2011
Abstract Liposculpting of the body and face with the Smartlipo MPX™ has given excellent, predictable and long-lasting results. Since June 2009, a total of 72 patients have undergone liposuction with the Smartlipo MPX. Of these, the Smartlipo MPX has been used on the abdomen in 17 cases, on the thighs ...
Glueck Charles J - - 2011
Our specific aim was to describe thrombosis (osteonecrosis of the hips, pulmonary embolism, and amaurosis fugax) after exogenous testosterone was given to men with no antecedent thrombosis and previously undiagnosed familial thrombophilia. After starting testosterone patch or gel, 50 mg/day or intramuscular testosterone 400 mg IM/month, 2 men developed bilateral ...
Zhang Peijun - - 2011
The number of cetaceans housed in aquariums in China is increasing. Detailed information on the historical and current population status has not been reported, despite its importance for successful breeding and population management. Questionnaires were conducted between December 2006 and May 2009, and the information was used to construct studbooks. ...
Kanchanabat B - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common life-threatening complication after surgery. This review analysed the rate and mortality of VTE after orthopaedic surgery in Asia. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were: prospective study; deep vein thrombosis (DVT) diagnosed by venography or ultrasonography; hip fracture surgery (HFS), total hip arthroplasty (THA) or ...
Kamm M A - - 2011
Treatments that achieve sustainable steroid-free clinical remission in Crohn's disease are needed; however, long-term steroid-sparing efficacy data are limited. Aim: To evaluate steroid-sparing efficacy and the impact of steroid discontinuation on adverse events during treatment of Crohn's disease with adalimumab in the phase III randomised, double-blind 1-year CHARM trial and ...
Behjati Mostafa - - 2011
Transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) with Amplatzer device is an alternative procedure to surgical repair, with some limitations. The aim of this study was to assess the initial and mid-term results of the treatment of ASD with Amplatzer septal occluder in children and adolescents. From May 2003 ...
Punekar Y S - - 2011
Intranasal steroids are effective in preventing or delaying recurrence of nasal polyps. However, their effectiveness in delaying a need for repeat polypectomy in clinical practice is unknown. To compare time to a repeat polypectomy between post-polypectomy intranasal steroid users and non-users. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPLE: Our cohort consisted of patients in GPRD who ...
Parbhu Keshini C - - 2011
: To prospectively study patients' postoperative experience with blepharoplasty and to determine how closely patients' expectations compare with their actual experience. : A prospective observational study of 51 consecutive patients undergoing bilateral upper eyelid blepharoplasty by a single surgeon (J.A.L.) between October 2008 and May 2009 was performed. Prior to ...
Vinothkumar Thilla Sekar - - 2011
The study evaluated the compatibility of chloroform, ether, and xylene with poly(dimethyl siloxane) (PDMS) based sealer. Freshly mixed sealer was placed in 90 glass molds with 5 mm diameter and 2 mm thickness. All samples were stored in 75% relative humidity at 37°C for 2 weeks. All the samples were ...
Surav Dilek B DB Department of Anesthesiology, Kandira State Hospital, Kandira, - - 2011
Levobupivacaine, the S(-) isomer of bupivacaine, is less cardiotoxic than racemic bupivacaine. Previous studies have examined different concentrations of levobupivacaine in similar ways. This prospective, randomized, double-blind study was designed to determine the clinical efficacy and hemodynamic effects of different concentrations and equivalent volumes of levobupivacaine in epidural anesthesia. To ...
Rampen Anneke J J - - 2011
There exists no "gold standard" in the treatment of ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE). We treated 7 patients with mild UNE using a local steroid injection with ultrasonographic monitoring. At clinical follow-up after 6 weeks, 4 patients had improved, 2 were stable, and 1 reported an increase in symptoms. ...
Antonoff Mara B - - 2011
In a recent report, authors describe their findings from the Exhale Airway Stents for Emphysema (EASE) trial. In this study, investigators follow patients with emphysema and severe hyperinflation after a novel bronchoscopic lung-volume reduction procedure utilizing paclitaxel-eluting stents. Despite the merits of this randomized, sham-controlled, multi-institutional study, the authors were ...
Wycherly Benjamin J - - 2011
Objective. To review our experience with intratympanic steroids (ITSs) for the treatment of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL), emphasizing the ideal time to perform follow-up audiograms. Methods. Retrospective case review of patients diagnosed with ISSNHL treated with intratympanic methylprednisolone. Injections were repeated weekly with a total of 3 injections. ...
Ciorba A - - 2011
It is common in clinical practice to administer systemic steroids to treat sensorineural hearing loss due to bullous myringitis (BM). Nonetheless, there is currently no definitive evidence that steroid therapy is effective and appropriate for BM. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of systemic steroid therapy ...
Valfrè Laura - - 2011
The increased survival rate reached in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has shown a concomitant increase in late morbidity. A recent report from CDH Study Group showed that dimension of diaphragmatic defect is the only independent risk factor of mortality. However, the influence of defect size on late morbidity ...
Bhat Yasmeen J - - 2011
Topical corticosteroids were first introduced for use in 1951. Since then uncontrolled use (abuse) has caused many different reactions resembling rosacea - steroid dermatitis or iatrosacea. Multiple pathways including rebound vasodilatation and proinflammatory cytokine release have been proposed as the mechanism for such reactions. The aim was to study the ...
Chan Annie - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of preoperative pupil size on quality of vision after wavefront-guided LASIK. Prospective study. One hundred two eyes. LASIK for mild to moderate myopia or astigmatism (preoperative manifest spherical equivalent, -3.99±1.42 diopters). Questionnaires evaluating specific visual symptoms before and after surgery. Each eye was evaluated before surgery, ...
Swellengrebel Hendrik Albert Maurits - - 2010
To evaluate the long-term attachment of two types of endoclips in the human gastrointestinal tract. In this prospective observational study, endoclips were placed and followed-up during endoscopies or using fluoroscopic images as part of a prospective feasibility study evaluating external beam radiotherapy (EBRT, wk 1-3) followed by high dose rate ...
Agbaje L O - - 2010
Objective: To evaluate post-operative sensitivity and secondary caries associated with posterior composite restoration. Materials and Methods: The study involved restoration of occlusal and proximo-occlusal caries on premolars and molars of 62 patients seen at the out-patient clinic of the restorative department of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital. The restorations were ...
Léonard Guillaume - - 2011
Evidence from recent animal studies indicates that the analgesic effect of low-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is reduced in opioid-tolerant animals. The aim of the present study was to compare the analgesic effect of conventional (high frequency) and acupuncture-like (low frequency) TENS between a group of opioid-treated patients and ...
Laine L - - 2010
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID)-related GI effects vary based on patient characteristics. To assess risk factors for NSAID-associated upper GI clinical events and dyspepsia. Patients ≥50 years with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis were randomized to etoricoxib or diclofenac in a prespecified intent-to-treat analysis of three double-blind randomized trials. Potential risk factors ...
Benner Stefan - - 2010
In many years of experience in treating athletes with acupuncture, I often had the impression that athletes in endurance sports showed improved performances after such treatments. In order to scientifically verify these impressions, I performed a field test with three groups of runners of different performance levels preparing for a ...
Lima Giana da Silveira Gda - - 2010
Actinic cheilitis (AC) is a precancerous lesion of the lip vermillion caused by prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 3% diclofenac in 2.5% hyaluronic acid gel in the treatment of AC. Thirty-four patients with chronic AC were treated twice a ...
Yin Chang Shik - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of acupuncture on the treatment of refractory sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL), treatment of which remains a major clinical challenge. The study design was descriptive research to document the effect of acupuncture in a series of SSHL cases. The study was ...
Manjoo Ajay - - 2010
Indomethacin may preserve tissue viability in compartment syndrome. The mechanism of improved tissue viability is unclear, but the anti-inflammatory effects may alter the relative contribution of tissue necrosis versus apoptosis to cellular injury. Existing studies have only considered indomethacin administration before induction of elevated intracompartment pressure. The purpose of this ...
Goto Takahiro - - 2011
It has been reported that osteoid osteoma may heal spontaneously. To elucidate the efficacy of conservative treatment with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for osteoid osteoma, clinical courses of the 15 patients with osteoid osteoma conservatively treated with NSAIDs were observed. Twelve out of the 15 patients took a usual dose ...
Superceanu Bogdan - - 2010
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used agents that can cause serious gastrointestinal (GI) side effects. For patients at increased risk of NSAID-related GI complications, prophylaxis with either a nonselective NSAID plus gastroprotective agent (GPA) or, alternatively, therapy with a&nbsp; cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitor with or without a GPA such as ...
Yoon Michael K - - 2010
To compare the effectiveness of nepafenac 0.10% in achieving and maintaining pupil dilation with the effectiveness of flurbiprofen 0.03% and a placebo in a rabbit model. Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA. Laboratory study. Adult pigmented rabbits were randomized to 3 equal-sized groups: placebo, flurbiprofen, and ...
Oncül Ay┼čegül Mine Tüzüner - - 2011
Our aim was to compare the analgesic affects of paracetamol and the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) diclofenac sodium for the relief of postoperative pain in patients having bimaxillary osteotomy. Thirty patients were randomly allocated into two groups (n = 15 in each) using sealed envelopes. The first group was given ...
Scardina G A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Burning mouth syndrome is a chronic pathology of unknown ethiopathogenesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether acupuncture can produce a reduction of the burning sensation by influencing the oral microcirculation. METHODS: Thirty patients (10 male and 20 female; mean age +/- SD = 65.4 +/- 2.17) ...
Franceschi F - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The management of pain in polytrauma patients is mandatory. While non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) represent the most used drugs in polytrauma patients, their use may be associated with an increased risk of haemorrhage. Opioids may represent a valid alternative to NSAIDs either alone or in combination with acetaminophen. Whether ...
Boubaker Hamdi - - 2010
PURPOSE: We tested whether the addition of phloroglucinol to piroxicam could improve pain relief in patients with acute renal colic visiting the emergency department. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of acute renal colic were prospectively randomized to receive intravenous phloroglucinol (200 mg) or placebo combined with intramuscular piroxicam ...
Sun Bao-Mu - - 2010
Postoperative gastroparesis syndrome (PGS) is a common complication after abdominal surgery in patients with primary liver cancer. However, surgeons usually do not have effective treatment for them. To explore the effects of acupuncture applied to Zusanli and other acupoints on PGS in patients after abdominal surgery. Sixty-three PGS patients of ...
Godek Sandra Fowkes - - 2010
Sweat sodium losses have never been reported in a large cohort of American football players. To compare sweat rates (SwtRs), sweat sodium concentrations (SwtNa(+)), and sodium losses in 3 groups of players (backs and receivers [BK], linebackers and quarterbacks [LB/QB], and linemen [LM]) to determine if positional differences and, therefore, ...
Brattwall Metha - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common complaint after day surgery, and there is still a controversy surrounding the use of selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors. In the present prospective, randomized, double-blind study we compared pain management with a selective (COX-2) inhibitor (etoricoxib) with pain management using sustained-release tramadol after elective hallux valgus ...
Chan Francis K L - - 2010
Cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-2-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and non-selective NSAIDs plus a proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) have similar upper gastrointestinal outcomes, but risk of clinical outcomes across the entire gastrointestinal tract might be lower with selective drugs than with non-selective drugs. We aimed to compare risk of gastrointestinal events associated with celecoxib ...
Ashamalla Hani - - 2011
Hot flashes are common side effect due to androgen ablation therapy (AAT). The utility of acupuncture for hot flashes in men has not been thoroughly studied. We prospectively studied the effect of acupuncture in men with hot flashes. The study was approved by internal review board. Seventeen men with hot ...
Tokgoz Husnu - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This prospective, randomized, and double-blind clinical study aimed to assess the analgesic efficacy of single-dose intramuscular (IM) injection of dexketoprofen (group DE) compared with single-dose IM injection of diclofenac (group DI) in patients who were undergoing shockwave lithotripsy (SWL). Patients and METHODS: A total of 70 men ...
Kumar A - - 2010
Acute mania requires hospitalization and prompt control of symptoms. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of sodium valproate and olanzapine administered alone or in combination in patients suffering from acute mania. Patients (N = 30) suffering from acute mania were divided into two equal groups. Group ...
Lo Y L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of acupuncture on the phosphene threshold, by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and the clinical effect of acupuncture on headache frequency, duration and severity. METHODS: Twenty-one patients (16 women; mean age 46 years; range 23-61 years, 17 Chinese, 2 Malays, 2 Indians) underwent 10 acupuncture sessions ...
Bonner Kevin F - - 2010
This case report describes the early results of a 36-year-old man who underwent repair of a symptomatic full-thickness patellar cartilage defect with transplanted particulated juvenile articular cartilage. At 2 years postoperatively, the patient has experienced substantial clinical improvement in both pain and function when evaluated with both International Knee Documentation ...
Luo Ben-hua - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare therapeutic effects of acupuncture at Ligou (LR 5) plus movement therapy and conventional acupuncture on cervical spondylosis. METHODS: The therapeutic effect of acupuncture at Ligou (LR 5) plus movement therapy on 57 cases of cervical spondylosis (Group Acup.+M) was observed and compared with that of conventional acupuncture ...
Ulrich Claas - - 2010
Increasing incidence rates of cutaneous malignancies, paralleling rising survival times of grafts and patients in organ transplant recipients, represents an escalating challenge for dermatologists worldwide. Especially, invasive squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) in immuno-compromised patients are characterized by significantly increased morbidity and mortality and characteristically outnumber basal cell carcinoma in this ...
Norheim Arne Johan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To test the feasibility of research on acupuncture and acupressure for children undergoing tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy. METHODS: During January and February 2008, 20 patients from the ordinary waiting list at Lovisenberg Diakonale Hospital in Oslo were randomised to either acupuncture while under anaesthesia or standard care as control. The ...
Inan Mustafa Bahadir - - 2011
This prospective, randomized study assessed the prophylactic effects of indomethacin treatment on pericardial effusion after aortic surgery. Eighty-five patients were found eligible to participate in this double-blind study. Patients were assigned to a control group receiving oral placebo or to an indomethacin group receiving 25 mg oral indomethacin 3 times ...
Matsumoto T - - 2010
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of oral beraprost sodium, a prostaglandin I2 analogue, on symptoms of intermittent claudication in patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans. The research design consisted of a before and after treatment study without comparison groups. The subjects comprised arteriosclerosis obliterans patients who experienced intermittent claudication. ...
Vent Julia - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To date, recovery of olfactory function after viral infection of the upper airway cannot be achieved reliably with pharmacotherapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of traditional Chinese acupuncture (TCA) on olfactory function in patients with persistent post-viral olfactory dysfunction (PVOD). STUDY DESIGN: Historical cohort ...
Kofinas Alexander - - 2011
Objective. To evaluate the role of indomethacin in discriminating between preterm labour and cervical insufficiency-related cervical shortening. Methods. Retrospective analysis of all cases of cervical shortening on singleton gestations. All patients were treated according to our protocol with one or more of the following three modalities: (1) bed rest only, (2) bed ...
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