Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1040
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Zanella Alberto - - 2012
PURPOSE: Orientation of the trachea and tracheal tube below horizontal may prevent aspiration of oropharyngeal secretions into the lungs, which is a pivotal pathway in the pathogenesis of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The incidence of VAP was evaluated in swine with orientation of trachea and tracheal tube above horizontal (model of ...
Mulder Anton A W - - 2012
AimsIn patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) the pattern of atrial fibrillation (AF) episodes and the total AF burden, may be related to the efficacy of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). We evaluated (pre)-procedural factors explaining the long-term outcome after PVI, using a ring-shaped multielectrode ablation catheter [pulmonary vein ablation catheter ...
Liu Tang - - 2013
Persistence of hip dysplasia into adolescence and adulthood can lead to an abnormal gait, which would do harm to patients' physiological and psychological health. The aim of this study was to summarize our results of tibial lengthening for reconstruction of limb length discrepancy in Crowe Type IV developmental dysplasia of ...
Boulet Louis-Philippe - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for self-reported asthma and makes asthma management more difficult. The effects of bariatric surgery on asthma in severely obese subjects remain to be documented. METHODS: In this prospective study, 12 asthmatic patients with severe obesity were evaluated before, 6 and 12 months after bariatric ...
Pierrakos Charalampos - - 2012
This study aimed to assess whether patterns and outcomes of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) have changed due to improvements in mechanical ventilation techniques and support of critically ill patients, by comparing patients from two different periods in the same hospital. We reviewed data from all patients with a diagnosis ...
- - 2012
The amount of enteral nutrition patients with acute lung injury need is unknown. To determine if initial lower-volume trophic enteral feeding would increase ventilator-free days and decrease gastrointestinal intolerances compared with initial full enteral feeding. The EDEN study, a randomized, open-label, multicenter trial conducted from January 2, 2008, through April ...
Sawada Shigeki - - 2012
There is no recommended standard follow-up program after resection for lung cancer. Under these circumstances, each doctor establishes his or her own follow-up protocol. This questionnaire survey was conducted to grasp the current status of postoperative follow-up in Japan. The questionnaire survey was aimed at determining what examinations were performed ...
Parola D - - 2012
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a slowly progressive airways disorder characterized by not fully reversible airflow obstruction, often presenting exacerbations of respiratory symptoms requiring hospitalization. Non-Invasive Ventilation (NIV) has been shown to be an effective adjunct to standard medical therapy in the treatment of acute respiratory failure. Secondary pulmonary ...
Badagliacca Roberto - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Oral drugs have made the treatment of pulmonary hypertension (PH) feasible in non-expert centers, which could delay patient access to prostanoid therapy. METHODS: Fifty-seven consecutive patients with precapillary PH received a prostanoid in our center. Data at prostanoid initiation included modality of center referral, medical history, New York Heart ...
Kim Jong-Chan - - 2012
Abstract: BACKGROUND:The aim of this study was to evaluate the lung-protective effect of combined remote ischemic pre- and post-conditioning (RIPC(pre) plus RIPC(post)) in patients undergoing complex valvular heart surgery. METHODS:This was a randomized, placebo-controlled, and double-blind trial. Fifty-four patients were randomly allocated into the RIPC(pre) plus RIPC(post) group or Control ...
Jochmann A - - 2012
The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines aim to optimise chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) diagnosis and treatment. However, little is known about the extent to which general practitioners' (GP) adherence to GOLD guidelines improves patient outcomes. In this questionnaire-based study, COPD patients were screened and enrolled; ...
Ozolina Agnese - - 2012
Enhanced bleeding remains a serious problem after cardiac surgery, and fibrinolysis is often involved. We speculate that lower plasma concentrations of plasminogen activator inhibitor - 1 (PAI-1) preoperatively and tissue plasminogen activator/PAI-1 (t-PA/PAI-1) complex postoperatively might predispose for enhanced fibrinolysis and increased postoperative bleeding. Totally 88 adult patients (mean ...
Hanon Shane - - 2012
A 67-year-old never-smoker was diagnosed with diffuse panbronchiolitis (DPB) and was started on 250 mg azithromycin twice weekly. Over a 16-month observation period, lung function was assessed monthly, including a dedicated small airways test, the multiple breath nitrogen washout (MBW) with indices S(cond) and S(acin) of ventilation heterogeneity at the ...
Sato Hirokazu - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Methimazole (MMI) is used as a first-line antithyroid drug in children and adolescents with Graves' disease (GD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the initial dose of MMI and the clinical course of GD after treatment. Design: Retrospective and collaborative study. Setting: Nine ...
Sundset Arve - - 2012
Background: Airway complications remain a significant cause of morbidity after lung transplantation. The majority of the centres that have published their results have used metal stents. Objectives: We report the long-term outcome of silicone stenting and subsequent stent removal in lung transplant recipients with stenotic airway complications. Method: From 1990 ...
Chin Peter T - - 2012
To evaluate the effectiveness of the prostatic urethral lift in relieving lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia. A total of 64 men, aged≥55 years, with moderate to severe symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia were treated and followed up at 6 Australian institutions. The treatment consisted of transurethral ...
Haas Sebastian - - 2012
Background. Goal-directed fluid therapy (GDT) guided by functional parameters of preload, such as stroke volume variation (SVV), seems to optimize hemodynamics and possibly improves clinical outcome. However, this strategy is believed to be rather fluid aggressive, and, furthermore, during surgery requiring thoracotomy, the ability of SVV to predict volume responsiveness ...
Tzouvelekis Argyris - - 2012
Background. Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is the most common complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc) with treatment ineffective. The aim of this meta-analysis was to provide an estimate of the safety and efficacy profile of Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) or sodium (MMS) in SSc-ILD patients. Materials and Methods. All studies were reviewed ...
Heslet Lars - - 2012
Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is a clinical syndrome with typical symptoms dyspnea and hemoptysis. DAH is a complication of specific diseases, in some cases with acute catastrophic hemoptysis, while other patients present low grade alveolar bleeding with a need of chronic transfusion as in pulmonary hemosiderosis. Current literature in the ...
Ugurbas Silay Canturk - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare phacoemulsification energy parameters during torsional phacoemulsification with or without the use of intelligent phacoemulsification (IP) software. One hundred and twenty-eight eyes with nuclear grades ranging from 1 to 5 were enrolled in this randomized prospective study. Operated eyes were divided into two ...
Tuck Stephanie A - - 2012
Clinical studies indicate the potential of bronchoscopic thermal vapor ablation to result in clinically relevant improvements in severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients with upper lobe-predominant emphysema. However, the mechanisms by which vapor ablation results in lung volume reduction are not fully known. This study determined the 3-month safety and ...
Chen Huai Sheng - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia seen in cardiovascular departments. Treatments include medical interventions and catheter ablation. Due to uncertainties in medical therapies for AF, and the need to continue sinus rhythm, ablation has been recently considered as a viable alternative. Many new ablation methods based on ...
Liou Theodore G - - 2012
Lung function, acute pulmonary exacerbations (APE), and weight are the best clinical predictors of survival in cystic fibrosis (CF); however, underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. Biomarkers of current disease state predictive of future outcomes might identify mechanisms and provide treatment targets, trial endpoints and objective clinical monitoring tools. Such CF-specific ...
Wang Lei - - 2012
Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is a relatively common neck deformity in infancy. The aim of our research was to determine the value of high-frequency and color Doppler ultrasonography in diagnosing CMT. Patients with a clinical suspicion of CMT underwent an ultrasound examination before diagnosis, and the sonographic characteristics were analyzed ...
Xu Zhicheng Z Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai 9th People's Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai JiaoTong - - 2012
Negative suction drainage is commonly used for the prevention of seromas or hematomas in auricular reconstruction surgery; however, there are few reports regarding the quantitative measurement of negative suction and its relation to disposed time, patient age or microtia type. In the present study, the authors recorded the volume of ...
Young Jennifer L JL The Urology Group, Lansdowne, Virginia 20176, USA. - - 2012
To investigate the relationship between multiple cryoprobes was investigated to determine whether they work in an additive or synergistic fashion in an in vivo animal model because 1.47 mm (17-gauge) cryoprobes have been introduced to the armamentarium for renal cryotherapy. Laparoscopic-guided percutaneous cryoablation was performed in both renal poles of ...
Sudhalkar Aditya - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To investigate the safety and outcomes of off-label immunomodulator Mycobacterium w. (Mw), a TLR 9 antagonist in steroid-resistant idiopathic unilateral optic neuritis. METHODS: Case series. Eight patients with documented idiopathic unilateral optic neuritis who did not improve with methyl prednisolone followed by oral steroids as per the Optic Neuritis ...
Kondov G - - 2011
(Full text is available at http://www.manu.edu.mk/prilozi). The fibrinopurulent phase of pleural empyema has very often been treated with thoracotomy and decortications. Material and methods: We analyzed the lung function of 19 surgically treated patients in the last 3 years. The lung function was followed up at least 6 months after ...
Jiang Yu - - 2011
Pulmonary problems often occur in patients with early-onset scoliosis (EOS). However, lung function in patients with EOS after growing rod surgery has not been documented. The aim of this study was to investigate lung function after the treatment for EOS with growing rod and its possible correlative factors. Eight patients ...
Elfiky Tarek Anwar TA Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, - - 2011
There is no consensus on the definition of a structural proximal thoracic curve (PTC) and the indications for fusion. As such, we assessed a single institute's experience in the management of large PTCs (>35 degrees) in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) who were either fused or not fused. A ...
Otsuki Hideo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of transurethral resection in saline vaporization for symptomatic bladder outlet obstruction and the change in prostate volume. METHODS: A total of 106 patients with symptomatic bladder outlet obstruction underwent transurethral resection in saline vaporization. The effectiveness of the treatment was evaluated using the ...
Zanotti Ercole - - 2012
Few and contrastingly data are available about use of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Comparing the effects of the combination of pulmonary rehabilitation and OMT compared with pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in patients with severely impaired COPD. Rehabilitative pulmonary department. Patients underwent exercise training, ...
Wang Ken Kang-Hsin - - 2011
PURPOSE: To quantify intrafraction prostate motion between patient groups treated with and without daily endorectal balloon (ERB) employed during prostate radiotherapy and establish the effectiveness of the ERB. METHODS: Real-time intrafraction prostate motion from 29 non-ERB (1,061 sessions) and 30 ERB (1,008 sessions) patients was evaluated based on three-dimensional (3D), ...
Smeenk Robert Jan - - 2011
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of endorectal balloons (ERBs) on intrafraction and interfraction prostate motion during radiotherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Thirty patients were treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy, to a total dose of 80 Gy in 40 fractions. In 15 patients, a daily-inserted air-filled ERB was applied. Prostate motion was tracked, ...
Cahill Anne Marie - - 2011
To evaluate the clinical outcomes of percutaneous sclerotherapy for congenital head and neck lymphatic malformations in our institution. Over a 7-year period, 17 children (10 M, 7 F) mean age 5.8 months (5 days to 13 months) underwent 49 sclerotherapy procedures for congenital head and neck malformations. The imaging and ...
Yang Ki Su - - 2011
This study was conducted to analyze the efficacy of photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) with the use of a 980 nm diode laser for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) according to postoperative period. Data were collected from 96 patients who were diagnosed with BPH and who underwent PVP with the ...
Lee Sang-Hun - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Study Design. A prospective, randomized studyObjectives. To analyze the effect of local retropharyngeal steroid to reduce prevertebral soft tissue swelling (PSTS) after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF).Summary of Background Data. There have been several reports on intravenous corticosteroid to prevent airway complication without a consensus, however, there have ...
Chandra Mekhala - - 2011
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation after acne can be as troublesome as the acne itself. Hydroquinone, a tyrosinase inhibitor, in a 4% cream can be used safely twice daily for up to 6 months to treat post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. The efficacy of this treatment can be enhanced by using a retinoid nightly and a ...
Gething Alex D - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of resistance training and long-term anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) administration on respiratory function. Subject groups consisted of AAS users (n = 9) who were still using AAS at time of testing (SU); AAS users (n = 6) who had been ...
Lizak Maria K - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of early steroid withdrawal on renal function, diabetes mellitus (DM) and coronary artery vasculopathy of the transplanted heart (CAV) development and late rejection in orthotopic heart transplant (OHT) recipients. 76 patients undergoing OHT in years 2000-2004 (6 women, 50% ischemic, ...
Banaszewska Beata - - 2011
A randomized trial on women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) compared simvastatin, metformin, and a combination of these drugs. The aim of the study was to evaluate long-term effects of simvastatin and metformin on PCOS. Women with PCOS (n = 139) were randomized to simvastatin (S), metformin (M), or simvastatin ...
Hunter Ross J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: -Whether ablation of complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAE) modifies AF by eliminating drivers or atrial de-bulking remains unknown. This randomised study aimed to determine the effect of ablating different CFAE morphologies compared to normal electrograms (i.e. de-bulking normal tissue) on the cycle length of persistent AF (AFCL). METHODS AND ...
Obuchi T - - 2011
Introduction: In recent years, the number of hemodialysis patients has been continuously increasing. At the same time, the use of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for lung cancer has also increased. However, reports of the outcome of VATS in hemodialysis patients are still quite rare. Methods: From 1995 to 2011, 14 ...
Liu Anthony - - 2011
The use of systemic steroids has been established as a risk factor for the development of posterior subcapsular cataracts. In recent decades, the use of nasal topical steroids has increased in an effort to decrease systemic side effects. Current evidence of an association between nasal steroid use and cataract formation ...
Hatef Daniel A - - 2011
Background: Minimizing complications after rhinoplasty is a priority for every surgeon performing the procedure. Perioperative steroid administration has been shown to decrease postoperative edema and ecchymosis in a number of prospective randomized trials. Objectives: In an effort to further elucidate the significance of the data and develop an evidence-based algorithm ...
Sarkhy Ahmed A Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Pediatrics, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2011
The role of adjuvant steroid therapy in the postoperative management of patients with biliary atresia (BA) is unclear. To systematically review the literature and perform a meta-analysis to determine the efficacy of adjuvant steroid therapy post-Kasai portoenterostomy (KP) on BA outcome. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials and⁄or ...
Hossack Tania A - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: There is little reported on sexual functional outcome following photoselective vaporisation of the prostate using the 120 W lithium triborate laser. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate changes in sexual function at 3 and 12 months following PVP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The primary outcome measures were changes in ...
Krych Aaron J - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To our knowledge, there is no published information on the efficacy of epidural steroid injections for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation in an athletic population. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of epidural corticosteroid injection for treatment of lumbar disc herniation in a group ...
Razeghinejad M Reza - - 2011
Steroids in susceptible individuals can cause a clinical condition similar to primary open-angle glaucoma. Five percent of the population are high steroid responders and develop an intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation of more than 15 mm Hg above baseline. IOP elevation may occur as early as 1 day to as late ...
Saad Farid - - 2011
Testosterone has a spectrum of effects on the male organism. This review attempts to determine, from published studies, the time-course of the effects induced by testosterone replacement therapy from their first manifestation until maximum effects are attained. Literature data on testosterone replacement. Effects on sexual interest appear after 3 weeks ...
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