Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1040
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Tahaineh Linda - - 2012
This study was conducted to evaluate current unfractionated heparin (UFH) dosing regimen and establish an institutional therapeutic range for UFH in a public hospital in Jordan. In the first part, medical records of 241 patients who received UFH were reviewed retrospectively. In the second part, blood samples were withdrawn from ...
Swierszcz Jolanta - - 2012
Aortic valve stenosis (AVS) and atherosclerosis can be regarded as two manifestations of the same pathological process. The study aim was to evaluate annually the plasma levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) in AVS patients, and to compare these data in AVS patients ...
Park Heesung - - 2012
We examined the feasibility of high-frequency chest wall oscillationtherapy in immediate postoperative lung recruitment after pulmonary lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer compared to conventional chest physiotherapy. A prospective, single-blind, randomized trial was conducted at Samsung Medical Center between March 2010 and May 2010. Patients were randomized to either the ...
Rigó István Z - - 2012
Abstract There is a need for a strong suture technique that allows early active mobilisation after repair of flexor tendons, but the best method has not yet been found. The aim of this study was to compare the modified Kessler suture biomechanically with a newer, two-strand suture. Eighteen porcine tendons ...
Desmarchelier R - - 2012
Scarf osteotomies of the first metatarsal and metatarsophalangeal arthrodesis are the two most frequent surgical forefoot reconstructive procedures. We compared functional results of isolated arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint with an isolated Scarf osteotomy of the first metatarsal. This was a retrospective, observational, continuous study of patients operated between ...
Seale Anna N - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary venous obstruction (PVO) is an important cause of late mortality in total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). We aimed to describe current practices for the management of postoperative PVO and the efficacy of the different interventional procedures. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective international collaborative population-based study involving 19 ...
Kim Victor V Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Temple University School of Medicine, 785 Parkinson Pavilion, 3401 North Broad Street, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA. - - 2012
Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) is associated with weight gain in some patients, but the group that gains weight after LVRS and the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon have not been well characterized. To describe the weight change profiles of LVRS patients enrolled in the National Emphysema Treatment Trial (NETT) and ...
Wagener Jeffrey S JS University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA. - - 2013
Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) experience frequent pulmonary exacerbations (PExs). Clinicians manage these episodes of worsening signs and symptoms in a variety of ways. To characterize the antibiotic management and associated change in lung function following PExs. We used 2003-2005 data from the Epidemiologic Study of Cystic Fibrosis to examine ...
Welter Stefan - - 2012
The prediction of postoperative preserved pulmonary function is essential for ascertaining the functional operability of pulmonary metastasectomy candidates. Formulae to predict pulmonary function after metastasectomy have not yet been described. This study was undertaken to provide data about the functional loss after a pulmonary metastasectomy, which often includes non-anatomical resections ...
Lomivorotov Vladimir V - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the infusion of hypertonic solution would decrease extravascular lung water postoperatively and thus improve pulmonary function. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded trial. SETTING: Tertiary cardiothoracic referral center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six patients with coronary artery disease who underwent surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). INTERVENTIONS: Patients were allocated ...
Watanabe Akihiro - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Predictive variables of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) and pulmonary edema following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) remain unknown. We aimed to determine associations between transpulmonary thermodilution-derived variables and DCI and pulmonary edmea occurrence after SAH. We reviewed 34 consecutive SAH patients monitored by the PiCCO® system. Six patients developed DCI at ...
Gasparini Stefano - - 2012
In recent years, different bronchoscopic techniques have been proposed for the treatment of emphysema, with the aim of obtaining the same clinical and functional advantages of lung volume reduction surgical techniques while reducing risks and costs. Such techniques can be classified into: methods employing devices that block the airways (e.g. ...
Couluris Marisa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive interstitial lung disease with no current effective therapies. Treatment has focused on antifibrotic agents to stop proliferation of fibroblasts and collagen deposition in the lung. We present the first clinical trial data on the use of losartan, an antifibrotic agent, to treat idiopathic ...
Wallinder Andreas - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Non-heart-beating donation (NHBD) has the potential to increase the number of patients treated with lung transplantation. Our study investigated, in a simulated clinical situation in the uncontrolled NHBD setting, whether or not heparin administration after death affects the donor lung function. METHODS: Twelve Swedish domestic pigs underwent ventricular fibrillation ...
Hoover D - - 2012
Purpose: To investigate whether functionally-weighted dose-volume histogram (DVH) parameters are more predictive of radiation-induced pneumonitis (RP) than standard parameters such as V20 and mean lung dose (MLD). Materials and Methods: A retrospective chart review identified 26 patients who received curative-intent radiation therapy for primary carcinoma of the lung. Prior to ...
La-Touche S S St George’s Healthcare NHS Trust, UK. - - 2012
The principal advantage of dynamic sentinel lymph node biopsy (DSNB) over modified inguinal node dissection is the lower complication rate. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with short-term complications of DSNB in order to lower morbidity of the procedure. Retrospective and prospective cohort studies were performed ...
Hosalkar Harish H Rady Children's Hospital and Health Center, 3030 Children's Way, Suite 410, San Diego, CA 92123 - - 2012
This study hypothesizes that the use of continuous passive motion (CPM) following open femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) surgery in the adolescent population improves clinical outcomes in terms of the modified Harris hip score (mHHS). Twenty-nine symptomatic adolescent FAI patients were postoperatively divided into one of three groups; no CPM, two days of ...
Campos J H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: /st>Obese patients are at risk of complications during airway management including difficult tracheal intubation. There are no reports regarding the ease of intubation or efficiency of lung collapse with the use of lung isolation devices for the morbidly obese patient. We conducted a prospective, randomized study in morbidly obese ...
Horacek Ondrej - - 2012
We assessed pulmonary function in hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy. Fourteen neuropathy patients without spinal deformity (group 1), 14 with spinal deformity (group 2), and 16 individuals with idiopathic spinal deformity (group 3) matched to group 2 for age, height and Cobb angle, were included. Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy ...
Yang Yi - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to explore clinical risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in postoperative lung cancer patients in order to provide a basis for the prevention and treatment of postoperative VTE. METHODS: A total of 1,001 lung cancer patients were retrospectively analyzed. Each patient ...
de Oliveira Pm Novais - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Manual hyperinflation (MH) is used to improve mucociliary clearance and alveolar expansion in mechanically ventilated patients. Despite the popularity of MH, studies with adults have shown considerable variability in the results from its use. This study assessed if professional training on the application of MH influences its performance. METHODS: ...
Vijayaraman Pugazhendhi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Complete electrical isolation of pulmonary veins (PV) remains the cornerstone of ablation therapy for atrial fibrillation. Entrance block without exit block has been reported to occur in 40% of patients. Far-field capture (FFC) can occur during pacing from the superior PVs to assess exit block and this may appear ...
Hasiloglu Zehra Isik ZI Zehra Isik Hasiloglu, Department of Radiology, Istanbul University Cerrahpasa Medical School, 34303 Istanbul, - - 2012
To assess lung parenchymal changes in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) using high resolution computed tomography (HRCT). We included 78 AS patients whose average age was 33.87 (18-56) years with a ratio of 53 males to 25 females who were followed up for 3.88 (1-22) years on average. Pneumonia and tuberculosis were ...
Vanderhelst E - - 2012
A 51-year-old active smoker with primary acquired pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) diagnosed by biopsy and anti-GM-CSF antibodies was treated safely with whole-lung lavage (WLL). This resulted in a rapid improvement of symptoms and arterial blood oxygenation, but not of standard lung function parameters. However, we also performed the multiple-breath nitrogen ...
Maggi J Carlos - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Status asthmaticus respiratory failure is associated with thickened mucus secretions necessitating aggressive pulmonary clearance. The role of bronchoscopy in pediatric mechanically ventilated asthmatic patients has not been published. METHODS: A chart review was performed on all pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) asthmatics with respiratory failure over 13 years. Forty-four ...
Divisi Duilio - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Impaired cardiopulmonary reserve is the main cause of inoperability in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study aims to evaluate the role of a preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation (PPR) programme in the improvement of functional parameters, which can enable an increase in the number of patients eligible for surgery. METHODS: From ...
Gafà G - - 2012
PURPOSE: The authors assessed the clinical usefulness of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) for monitoring sarcoidosis by comparing changes on HRCT with those on pulmonary function test (PFT) results over time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The baseline and follow-up (after 13 months, range 15-63 months) HRCT scans of 14 consecutive patients with ...
Soummer Alexis - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Postextubation distress after a successful spontaneous breathing trial is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Predicting postextubation distress is therefore a major issue in critically ill patients. To assess whether lung derecruitment during spontaneous breathing trial assessed by lung ultrasound is predictive of postextubation distress. DESIGN AND SETTING:: Prospective ...
Sanchez-Lorente David - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to investigate the capacity of a pumpless extracorporeal lung membrane (iLA) (Novalung; Novalung GmbH, Hechingen, Germany) to provide adequate respiratory support and the impact on morbidity/mortality during complex airway reconstruction. METHODS: Only patients unable to be ventilated via conventional intubation were eligible for the study. A ...
Bölükbas Servet - - 2012
: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) can reduce lung function by entrapping lung parenchyma via a rind of tumor with or without concurrent effusion. Radical pleurectomy (RP) allows expansion of the trapped lung. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in pulmonary function and lung perfusion in patients undergoing ...
Jackson Nick - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cryoballoon ablation is a recently introduced technique to isolate the pulmonary veins in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). It can potentially reduce procedural times and serious complications associated with radiofrequency ablation. METHOD: We present data for 200 consecutive patients who underwent cryoballoon ablation for symptomatic AF with a mean ...
Lee H-Y - - 2012
The aims of current study were: 1) to evaluate the incidence of lung atelectasis; and 2) to investigate whether or not the position of the endotracheal (ET) tube is associated with this complication. The medical records and chest roentgenograms of 183 pediatric patients who underwent living-donor liver transplantation were retrospectively ...
Corhay Jean-Louis JL Respiratory Rehabilitation Department, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège, Liège, Belgium. - - 2012
To assess the outcomes of a 6-month comprehensive multidisciplinary outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation programme in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease according to age. Prospective cohort study. A total of 140 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 3-4) admitted to our centre for ...
Westhoff Michael - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: We evaluated quantitative acoustic measurements, as a simpler alternative to perfusion scintigraphy, for estimation of predicted postoperative (ppo) lung function after resection surgery in our patient population. METHODS:: Patients with lung cancer, considered as candidates for lung resection, were enrolled in the study. All patients underwent lung function testing ...
Boussaud Veronique - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The continuing significant number of patients who die while on a waiting list for lung transplantation (LTx) has led several countries to modify their lung allocation rules in recent years. France has implemented high-emergency allocation rules to allow patients at imminent risk of death to undergo priority transplantation within ...
Maletis Gregory B - - 2012
Knee arthroscopy is the most commonly performed orthopaedic procedure in the United States and is usually considered to be a low-risk procedure. The purposes of this study were to describe the incidence of symptomatic deep venous thrombosis, symptomatic pulmonary embolism, and mortality after elective knee arthroscopy performed without thromboembolic prophylaxis, ...
Sadushi-Koliçi Roela - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials have resulted in improved outcomes in pulmonary arterial hypertension; however, they are biased by stringent inclusion criteria, pre-specified patient sub-sets, and study durations. In addition, common practice is to start oral therapies ahead of the more potent and titratable prostanoid therapies, despite advanced disease states at ...
Kline J A - - 2012
Increasing the threshold to define a positive D-dimer could reduce unnecessary computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA) for a suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) but might increase rates of a missed PE and missed pneumonia, the most common non-thromboembolic diagnosis seen on CTPA. Measure the effect of doubling the standard D-dimer threshold ...
Ntoumenopoulos G - - 2012
To explore the feasibility of computerised lung sound monitoring to evaluate secretion removal in intubated and mechanically ventilated adult patients. Before and after observational investigation. Intensive care unit. Fifteen intubated and mechanically ventilated adult patients receiving chest physiotherapy. Chest physiotherapy included combinations of standard closed airway suctioning, saline lavage, postural ...
Walker Kyle M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: There is a need for standardization in systemic sclerosis (SSc) management. METHODS: SSc experts (n = 117) were sent 3 surveys to gain consensus for SSc management. RESULTS: First-line therapy for scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) was an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi). For SRC there were not many differences between ...
Sawada Shigeki - - 2012
Patients undergoing pulmonary resection often suffer from a dry, hacking cough, which is usually refractory to opioid cough suppressors such as codeine. The cough is often painful and impairs the quality of life of the patients. The efficacy of an inhaled corticosteroid plus β2-agonist against the persistent cough after pulmonary ...
Gao Peng - - 2012
Introduction:  Induced sputum is a non-invasive method and a useful tool to evaluate inflammatory cells and mediators in the airway lumen in the setting of Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (AECOPD). However, the inhalation of hypertonic saline solution to induce sputum may cause a bronchoconstrictive response, so it ...
Yamamoto Yusuke Y Department of Anesthesiology, Investigational Intensive Care Unit, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Shriners Burns Hospital for Children, 601 Harborside Drive, Galveston, TX 77555-1102, - - 2012
Smoke inhalation injury frequently increases the risk of pneumonia and mortality in burn patients. The pathophysiology of acute lung injury secondary to burn and smoke inhalation is well studied, but long-term pulmonary function, especially the process of lung tissue healing following burn and smoke inhalation, has not been fully investigated. ...
Fazzi P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Limited data report thalidomide improves cutaneous sarcoidosis; no benefit has been reported for pulmonary localization. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate feasibility and efficacy of prolonged treatment with thalidomide for cutaneous sarcoidosis associated to pulmonary involvement in patients with resistance or contraindications to steroids. METHODS: Nineteen patients were treated with thalidomide for ...
Farrar N G - - 2012
This study was designed to assess the utility of the scarf osteotomy in the management of symptomatic adolescent hallux valgus. This is a case series of 29 patients (39 feet) with a mean follow up of 38.6 months (range 6-60 months). The mean age at the time of surgery was 14.1 years (range ...
Leiskau Christoph - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Methotrexate may cause severe adverse pulmonary side-effects in adults with rheumatoid arthritis. Our aim was to examine the long-term effect of MTX on lung function in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of all 68 patients with JIA treated with MTX at our ...
Kim Ho Jung - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare lung and liver injury and laboratory results in haemorrhagic shock and sepsis models treated with combinations of lactated Ringer's solution (LR), 7.5% hypertonic saline (HTS), hydroxyethyl starch (HES), and pentoxifylline (PTX). METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (200-290g) were assigned randomly to one of four treatment groups (n=16 per ...
Gompelmann Daniela - - 2012
Background: Bronchoscopic thermal vapor ablation (BTVA) ablates emphysematous tissue through a localized inflammatory response followed by contractive fibrosis and tissue shrinkage leading to lung volume reduction that should not be influenced by collateral ventilation. Objectives: To determine the correlation of clinical data from a trial of BTVA with fissure integrity ...
Diaz Keith T - - 2012
Abstract Background: Inhaled interferon-γ aerosol (aINF-γ) may be effective treatment for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We evaluated safety and delivery of aIFN-γ (100 μg 3 times/week) in 10 IPF patients using the I-neb (Philips Respironics, Parsippany, NJ). Methods: IFN-γ activity in the aerosol was confirmed by viral inhibition. Ten patients with ...
Peng Chun-Chih - - 2012
To describe a single center's experience with pediatric patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for respiratory failure due to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) associated with pneumonia and to investigate the factors associated with mortality. Retrospective chart review of all pediatric patients receiving ECMO for severe ARDS associated with pneumonia ...
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