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Results 201 - 250 of 1058
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Van Batavia Jason P - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Part of the management of adolescents with a varicocele is trying to prognosticate who with testicular asymmetry will have CUG with observation and who will have persistent asymmetry. We previously reported that CUG is rare when PRF ≥38cm/sec is associated with ≥20% asymmetry (ie, the "20/38" harbinger). We sought ...
Blondel B - - 2012
Pedicle screw constructs for spinal instrumentation in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) are effective in providing coronal plane correction but can result in loss of kyphosis, which in turn can lead to loss of lordosis. Hybrid constructs have been found superior over pedicle screw constructs in terms of thoracic ...
Caputo Francis J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to better define clinical results and understand factors determining responsiveness to surgical treatment for neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) in adolescent and adult populations. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted for 189 patients with disabling NTOS who underwent primary supraclavicular decompression (scalenectomy, brachial plexus neurolysis ...
Gani D K - - 2012
The aim of the present study is to investigate systemic levels of inflammatory markers of cardiovascular diseases like C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), total leukocyte count and differential count in patients with chronic periodontitis, in comparison to healthy individuals without periodontal disease. A total of 42 individuals, both males and ...
Smith Julie R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Navigated total knee arthroplasty has been shown to increase accuracy in post operative implant alignment. By contrast navigated total knee arthroplasty has not shown significant functional improvements to date, when compared with conventional surgery using subjective clinical questionnaire scores. The aim of this study was to compare the knee ...
Min Kan K Deptarment of Orthopaedics, Balgrist Clinic, University of Zurich, Forchstrasse 340, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland. - - 2013
Since early 1990s pedicle screws in thoracic spine have been used in posterior correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Long-term results are scarce. We report clinical, radiological and pulmonary function results of 48 consecutive patients with 10-year minimal follow-up. Forty-eight consecutive patients (42 females, 6 males) with 41 Lenke 1 ...
Tanha Tina - - 2013
We compared, head-to-head, the old generation Actigraph model 7164 with the new generation Actigraph GT1M accelerometer. A total of 15 randomly selected teenagers (eight girls and seven boys) were investigated. They performed a treadmill test wearing the two kinds of accelerometers around the waist simultaneously. The treadmill test consisted of ...
Mohamed Frikha - - 2012
Nausea and vomiting during regional anesthesia for cesarean section still remain a major problem. We compared the efficacy of dexamethasone plus metoclopramide with dexamethasone alone for preventing nausea and vomiting during and after spinal anesthesia for cesarean section in parturients. The study was performed in 72 full-term parturient women of ...
Williams Gwyn S - - 2012
To compare outcomes and complications of patients undergoing phacoemulsification with and without the administration of intracameral phenylephrine. In this retrospective study, a chart review was performed. Two groups with an equal number of patients who did or did not receive intracameral phenylephrine during phacoemulsification were compared for differences in outcomes, ...
Lykissas Marios G - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN:: Level III; Therapeutic study. OBJECTIVE:: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the addition of costoplasty in AIS surgery improved correction of the rib hump deformity. BACKGROUND:: Trunk deformity is comprised of vertebral rotation, posterior vertebral element, and rib deformities. Surgical correction of the rotational deformity ...
Wulf Corey A - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the capitellum affects young athletes involved in elbow load-bearing activities. Unstable lesions are best managed surgically, although debate remains regarding the optimal method. Arthroscopic treatment allows rapid recovery, but the effect on the articular surface is undetermined. HYPOTHESIS:The clinical outcome after arthroscopic microfracture of stage III/IV ...
Veenboer Paul W - - 2012
PURPOSE: Bladder augmentation by enterocystoplasty or detrusorectomy might prevent renal damage, help in achieving dryness and decrease the need for antimuscarinics. This study examines the long-term outcomes of enterocystoplasty compared to detrusorectomy in adult spina bifida patients in comparable groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study using the hospital electronic ...
Lange Peter - - 2012
RATIONALE: The new Global initiative for obstructive lung disease (GOLD) stratification of COPD into categories A, B, C and D is based on symptoms, level of lung function, and history of exacerbations. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the abilities of this stratification to predict clinical course of COPD. METHODS: Two similar population ...
Loh Shang A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Prosthetic grafts for lower-extremity bypass have limited patency compared with autologous vein grafts. Precuffed expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) grafts alter the geometry of the distal hood to improve patency. This study reports the authors' long-term results on the use of precuffed ePTFE grafts for infrainguinal bypasses in patients with arterial ...
Chen Limei - - 2012
In this controlled, randomized, double-blind study, we compared the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of ropivacaine and staged injection of lidocaine and ropivacaine in a combined lumbar plexus-sciatic nerve block. The experiment was performed in two parts: pharmacodynamics study (Group r, n=20; Group lr, n=20) and pharmacokinetics study (Group R, n=10; Group ...
Oztürk Cengiz - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: In military aviation, high performance aircraft pilots are exposed to +Gz acceleration at longer durations and higher magnitude than transport/helicopter pilots. The purpose of this study was to reveal the negative or positive cardiac responses to this occupational high +Gz exposure. METHODS: Our study design was cross-sectional and observational. ...
Abuzeid Mostafa I - - 2012
To compare the implantation rates in two groups of women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) after embryo transfer based on the initiation time of GnRH antagonist. Secondary outcome measures included clinical pregnancy, delivery and miscarriage rates. This is a prospective, randomized trial in which 140 PCOS patients underwent ICSI, with ...
Ohsawa Takashi - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Few studies have reported the clinical results of tibial tunnel placement during double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. It is important to recognize arthroscopic tibial landmarks during this procedure. HYPOTHESIS:During arthroscopic double-bundle ACL reconstruction, anterior tibial landmarks such as the intermeniscal (transverse) ligament and the Parsons knob for the anteromedial ...
Tahaineh Linda - - 2012
This study was conducted to evaluate current unfractionated heparin (UFH) dosing regimen and establish an institutional therapeutic range for UFH in a public hospital in Jordan. In the first part, medical records of 241 patients who received UFH were reviewed retrospectively. In the second part, blood samples were withdrawn from ...
Swierszcz Jolanta - - 2012
Aortic valve stenosis (AVS) and atherosclerosis can be regarded as two manifestations of the same pathological process. The study aim was to evaluate annually the plasma levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) in AVS patients, and to compare these data in AVS patients ...
Park Heesung - - 2012
We examined the feasibility of high-frequency chest wall oscillationtherapy in immediate postoperative lung recruitment after pulmonary lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer compared to conventional chest physiotherapy. A prospective, single-blind, randomized trial was conducted at Samsung Medical Center between March 2010 and May 2010. Patients were randomized to either the ...
Rigó István Z - - 2012
Abstract There is a need for a strong suture technique that allows early active mobilisation after repair of flexor tendons, but the best method has not yet been found. The aim of this study was to compare the modified Kessler suture biomechanically with a newer, two-strand suture. Eighteen porcine tendons ...
Desmarchelier R - - 2012
Scarf osteotomies of the first metatarsal and metatarsophalangeal arthrodesis are the two most frequent surgical forefoot reconstructive procedures. We compared functional results of isolated arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint with an isolated Scarf osteotomy of the first metatarsal. This was a retrospective, observational, continuous study of patients operated between ...
Seale Anna N - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary venous obstruction (PVO) is an important cause of late mortality in total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). We aimed to describe current practices for the management of postoperative PVO and the efficacy of the different interventional procedures. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective international collaborative population-based study involving 19 ...
Kim Victor V Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Temple University School of Medicine, 785 Parkinson Pavilion, 3401 North Broad Street, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA. - - 2012
Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) is associated with weight gain in some patients, but the group that gains weight after LVRS and the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon have not been well characterized. To describe the weight change profiles of LVRS patients enrolled in the National Emphysema Treatment Trial (NETT) and ...
Wagener Jeffrey S JS University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA. - - 2013
Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) experience frequent pulmonary exacerbations (PExs). Clinicians manage these episodes of worsening signs and symptoms in a variety of ways. To characterize the antibiotic management and associated change in lung function following PExs. We used 2003-2005 data from the Epidemiologic Study of Cystic Fibrosis to examine ...
Welter Stefan - - 2012
The prediction of postoperative preserved pulmonary function is essential for ascertaining the functional operability of pulmonary metastasectomy candidates. Formulae to predict pulmonary function after metastasectomy have not yet been described. This study was undertaken to provide data about the functional loss after a pulmonary metastasectomy, which often includes non-anatomical resections ...
Lomivorotov Vladimir V - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the infusion of hypertonic solution would decrease extravascular lung water postoperatively and thus improve pulmonary function. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded trial. SETTING: Tertiary cardiothoracic referral center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six patients with coronary artery disease who underwent surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). INTERVENTIONS: Patients were allocated ...
Watanabe Akihiro - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Predictive variables of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) and pulmonary edema following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) remain unknown. We aimed to determine associations between transpulmonary thermodilution-derived variables and DCI and pulmonary edmea occurrence after SAH. We reviewed 34 consecutive SAH patients monitored by the PiCCO® system. Six patients developed DCI at ...
Gasparini Stefano - - 2012
In recent years, different bronchoscopic techniques have been proposed for the treatment of emphysema, with the aim of obtaining the same clinical and functional advantages of lung volume reduction surgical techniques while reducing risks and costs. Such techniques can be classified into: methods employing devices that block the airways (e.g. ...
Couluris Marisa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive interstitial lung disease with no current effective therapies. Treatment has focused on antifibrotic agents to stop proliferation of fibroblasts and collagen deposition in the lung. We present the first clinical trial data on the use of losartan, an antifibrotic agent, to treat idiopathic ...
Wallinder Andreas - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Non-heart-beating donation (NHBD) has the potential to increase the number of patients treated with lung transplantation. Our study investigated, in a simulated clinical situation in the uncontrolled NHBD setting, whether or not heparin administration after death affects the donor lung function. METHODS: Twelve Swedish domestic pigs underwent ventricular fibrillation ...
Hoover D - - 2012
Purpose: To investigate whether functionally-weighted dose-volume histogram (DVH) parameters are more predictive of radiation-induced pneumonitis (RP) than standard parameters such as V20 and mean lung dose (MLD). Materials and Methods: A retrospective chart review identified 26 patients who received curative-intent radiation therapy for primary carcinoma of the lung. Prior to ...
La-Touche S S St George’s Healthcare NHS Trust, UK. - - 2012
The principal advantage of dynamic sentinel lymph node biopsy (DSNB) over modified inguinal node dissection is the lower complication rate. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with short-term complications of DSNB in order to lower morbidity of the procedure. Retrospective and prospective cohort studies were performed ...
Hosalkar Harish H Rady Children's Hospital and Health Center, 3030 Children's Way, Suite 410, San Diego, CA 92123 - - 2012
This study hypothesizes that the use of continuous passive motion (CPM) following open femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) surgery in the adolescent population improves clinical outcomes in terms of the modified Harris hip score (mHHS). Twenty-nine symptomatic adolescent FAI patients were postoperatively divided into one of three groups; no CPM, two days of ...
Campos J H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: /st>Obese patients are at risk of complications during airway management including difficult tracheal intubation. There are no reports regarding the ease of intubation or efficiency of lung collapse with the use of lung isolation devices for the morbidly obese patient. We conducted a prospective, randomized study in morbidly obese ...
Horacek Ondrej - - 2012
We assessed pulmonary function in hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy. Fourteen neuropathy patients without spinal deformity (group 1), 14 with spinal deformity (group 2), and 16 individuals with idiopathic spinal deformity (group 3) matched to group 2 for age, height and Cobb angle, were included. Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy ...
Yang Yi - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to explore clinical risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in postoperative lung cancer patients in order to provide a basis for the prevention and treatment of postoperative VTE. METHODS: A total of 1,001 lung cancer patients were retrospectively analyzed. Each patient ...
de Oliveira Pm Novais - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Manual hyperinflation (MH) is used to improve mucociliary clearance and alveolar expansion in mechanically ventilated patients. Despite the popularity of MH, studies with adults have shown considerable variability in the results from its use. This study assessed if professional training on the application of MH influences its performance. METHODS: ...
Vijayaraman Pugazhendhi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Complete electrical isolation of pulmonary veins (PV) remains the cornerstone of ablation therapy for atrial fibrillation. Entrance block without exit block has been reported to occur in 40% of patients. Far-field capture (FFC) can occur during pacing from the superior PVs to assess exit block and this may appear ...
Hasiloglu Zehra Isik ZI Zehra Isik Hasiloglu, Department of Radiology, Istanbul University Cerrahpasa Medical School, 34303 Istanbul, - - 2012
To assess lung parenchymal changes in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) using high resolution computed tomography (HRCT). We included 78 AS patients whose average age was 33.87 (18-56) years with a ratio of 53 males to 25 females who were followed up for 3.88 (1-22) years on average. Pneumonia and tuberculosis were ...
Vanderhelst E - - 2012
A 51-year-old active smoker with primary acquired pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) diagnosed by biopsy and anti-GM-CSF antibodies was treated safely with whole-lung lavage (WLL). This resulted in a rapid improvement of symptoms and arterial blood oxygenation, but not of standard lung function parameters. However, we also performed the multiple-breath nitrogen ...
Maggi J Carlos - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Status asthmaticus respiratory failure is associated with thickened mucus secretions necessitating aggressive pulmonary clearance. The role of bronchoscopy in pediatric mechanically ventilated asthmatic patients has not been published. METHODS: A chart review was performed on all pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) asthmatics with respiratory failure over 13 years. Forty-four ...
Divisi Duilio - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Impaired cardiopulmonary reserve is the main cause of inoperability in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study aims to evaluate the role of a preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation (PPR) programme in the improvement of functional parameters, which can enable an increase in the number of patients eligible for surgery. METHODS: From ...
Gafà G - - 2012
PURPOSE: The authors assessed the clinical usefulness of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) for monitoring sarcoidosis by comparing changes on HRCT with those on pulmonary function test (PFT) results over time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The baseline and follow-up (after 13 months, range 15-63 months) HRCT scans of 14 consecutive patients with ...
Soummer Alexis - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Postextubation distress after a successful spontaneous breathing trial is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Predicting postextubation distress is therefore a major issue in critically ill patients. To assess whether lung derecruitment during spontaneous breathing trial assessed by lung ultrasound is predictive of postextubation distress. DESIGN AND SETTING:: Prospective ...
Sanchez-Lorente David - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to investigate the capacity of a pumpless extracorporeal lung membrane (iLA) (Novalung; Novalung GmbH, Hechingen, Germany) to provide adequate respiratory support and the impact on morbidity/mortality during complex airway reconstruction. METHODS: Only patients unable to be ventilated via conventional intubation were eligible for the study. A ...
Bölükbas Servet - - 2012
: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) can reduce lung function by entrapping lung parenchyma via a rind of tumor with or without concurrent effusion. Radical pleurectomy (RP) allows expansion of the trapped lung. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in pulmonary function and lung perfusion in patients undergoing ...
Jackson Nick - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cryoballoon ablation is a recently introduced technique to isolate the pulmonary veins in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). It can potentially reduce procedural times and serious complications associated with radiofrequency ablation. METHOD: We present data for 200 consecutive patients who underwent cryoballoon ablation for symptomatic AF with a mean ...
Lee H-Y - - 2012
The aims of current study were: 1) to evaluate the incidence of lung atelectasis; and 2) to investigate whether or not the position of the endotracheal (ET) tube is associated with this complication. The medical records and chest roentgenograms of 183 pediatric patients who underwent living-donor liver transplantation were retrospectively ...
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