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Schindler Oliver S - - 2013
PURPOSE: To comprise current knowledge on morphology, embryology and pathophysiology of synovial plicae as well as on clinical and therapeutic aspects of the plica syndrome. METHODS: Review of the literature combined with a meta-analysis of studies assessing the outcome of open or arthroscopic plica excision including the author's own series. ...
Yoon Hyun Ju - - 2013
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) increases the risk of heart failure (HF). The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of MetS in patients with HF and determine the syndrome's association with HF in clinical and laboratory parameters. A total of 3200 HF patients (67.6±14.5 years) enrolled in a nationwide ...
Ferns Sunita J - - 2013
To compare the results of bidirectional Glenn when performed with or without pulsatile pulmonary blood flow in a cohort of patients with a single ventricle. Records of 212 patients undergoing staged single ventricle palliation during a 10-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Of those, 103 (33 in pulsatile group A and ...
Ibraheim Osama A - - 2013
Surgical correction ofscoliosis carries significant blood loss and needs for blood transfusion with its inherent risks and cost. The aim of this double-blind, randomized, controlled study was to compare the effects of esmolol or dexmedetomidine on intraoperative blood loss, anesthetics consumption, intra operative hemodynamic and effects on spinal cord monitoring ...
Na Sang Hoon - - 2013
This study aimed to describe the characteristics of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) according to specific activity types at the time of event and to determine the association between activities and outcomes according to activity type at the time of event occurrence of OHCA. A nationwide OHCA cohort database, compiled from ...
Gulletta Simone - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Irrigated-tip catheter technology has been used for the elimination of resistant accessory pathways (AP) in adults with Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. However, there are persistent concerns regarding the safety of irrigated catheters in the pediatric population. In this report we present our experience, in terms of effectiveness and safety, of ...
Lewallen Laura W - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Patellofemoral instability is common in the pediatric and adolescent population, yet prognosis after the first dislocation has been difficult to determine. PURPOSE:To describe the demographics of pediatric and adolescent patients with a first-time patellofemoral dislocation and to determine predictors of recurrent instability. STUDY DESIGN:Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS:A ...
Nyland J - - 2013
PURPOSE: This retrospective study compared the influence of perceived sports involvement on lower extremity neuromuscular adaptations during single-leg countermovement jumping (CMJ), perceived knee function and internal health locus of control (HLOC) scores at a minimum 2-year post-anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. The hypothesis was that subjects with higher-level sports involvement would ...
Han S B - - 2013
Active inspired gas humidification (AH) preserves body heat and maintains normothermia intraoperatively. However, it is unclear whether AH shows comparable influences during liver transplantation (OLT), which may be affected by both large internal heat loss and external heat supply. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect ...
He Dengming - - 2013
Western Bahr el Ghazal State is located in northwestern South Sudan, which is a tropical area subject to Plasmodium falciparum malaria epidemics. The aim of this study is to explore the epidemiological and clinical features of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in United Nations personnel stationed in this area. From July 2006 ...
Colen Lawrence B - - 2013
: Literature in the past decade has shown that Achilles tendon-lengthening surgery in addition to total contact casting decreases the rate of plantar ulcer recurrence in the forefoot and midfoot; however, the risk of heel ulceration or recurrent equinus deformity with new forefoot or midfoot wounds is not insignificant. The ...
Karahan O - - 2013
Purpose: While LigaSure is commonly used for blood vessel closure, our aim was to research the effectiveness of using the latter tool for the purpose of closing intestines in rats.Methods: Twenty Wistar albino rats were divided into two groups per 10 each. In Group 1, the sigmoid colon was cut ...
Salamanna Francesca - - 2013
Metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HR) has been gaining popularity especially for young and active patients. Although different series report good mid-term results, the long-term outcome and failure mechanisms are still concerning. In this consecutive revision case series, 9 retrieved specimens of a failed Birmingham Hip Resurfacing (BHR) were divided according ...
Sruamsiri Rosarin - - 2013
Hematopoieticic stem cell transplantation is the only therapeutic option that can cure thalassemia disease. Reduced intensity hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (RI-HSCT) has demonstrated a high cure rate with minimal complications compared to other options. Because RI-HSCT is very costly, economic justification for its value is needed. This study aimed to ...
Huang Wen-Kuan - - 2013
Background: There have been no large-scale population-based studies to estimate the subsequent risk of primary liver cancer (PLC) among patients with pyogenic liver abscess (PLA). This study aimed to provide relevant data. Materials and Methods: The Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database for the years 2000 and 2005 was used. The ...
Liutkevičienė Rasa - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The aim of this study was to assess age-related visual functions (visual acuity and contrast sensitivity) and compare the results by different age groups. MATERIAL AND METHODS. A total of 231 patients were examined. The patients were divided into 5 age groups: 10 patients in group 1, 30-39 years; ...
Umur Ahmet Sukru - - 2013
The objective of this study is to examine the effects of radiation of mobile phones on developing neural tissue of chick embryos. MATERIAL and There were 4 study groups. All Groups were placed in equal distance, from the mobile phones. Serial sections were taken from each Group to study the ...
Voigt Matthias - - 2013
Background This paper describes a randomized prospective study conducted in 308 patients undergoing caesarean section in spinal anaesthesia at a single hospital between 2010 and 2012 to find a suitable anti-emetic strategy for these patients. Material and Methods Spinal anesthesia was performed in left prone position, at L3/L4 with hyperbaric ...
Zhu Xiang-Jia - - 2013
To assess the etiology of early-onset dark nucleus in high-myopic patients and its relationship with the epigenetic regulation of αA-crystallin (CRYAA). We reviewed clinical data from patients who underwent cataract surgery at our center in 2012. Lens epithelial samples were collected during capsulorhexis, whereas young lens epithelium was donated. Cataract ...
Ang Daphne - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Wireless oesophageal (Bravo) readings in healthy European and American subjects show varied results. Values in Asians remain unstudied. AIMS: We performed Bravo studies in healthy Asians to determine if values differed from previously published and identified reflux parameters to differentiate healthy volunteers from patients. METHODS: Fifty healthy volunteers were ...
Okita Yoshiki - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with postoperative ulcerative colitis developing extremely early-onset pouchitis within 4 weeks of restoration of gastrointestinal continuity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study involved 225 consecutive patients from January 2000 to May 2011 who underwent ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis ...
Sia A T - - 2012
This trial was conducted to compare the analgesic efficacy of administering variable-frequency automated boluses at a rate proportional to the patient's needs with fixed continuous basal infusion in patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) during labour and delivery. We recruited a total of 102 parturients in labour who were randomly assigned to ...
Hwang Steven W SW Tufts Medical Center, Floating Hospital for Children, Boston, MA, - - 2013
To determine the mid-term clinical and radiographic impact of pedicle screw fixation in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). A multicenter AIS database was retrospectively queried to identify 99 consecutive patients who underwent posterior spinal fusion using an all pedicle screw construct with a minimum of 5-year follow-up. Radiographic and ...
Ravish Matthew - - 2012
: A retrospective case-comparison study. : Compare efficacy and safety of combined intrathecal morphine (ITM) and epidural analgesia (EPI) to that of conventional intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) after posterior spinal fusion (PSF) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). : Pain control after PSF in AIS has been managed traditionally with IV-PCA. ...
Shin Yu Seob - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the preoperative factors that influenced postoperative sperm concentration after vasovasostomy. We retrospectively reviewed 97 consecutive single-layer vasovasostomy procedures performed by a single surgeon between March 2003 and September 2010. The patients were stratified into three groups based on sperm concentration at 1 ...
Saxena Akshat - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is associated with poorer short-term and long-term outcomes after general cardiac operations. There is, however, a paucity of data on the impact of POAF on outcomes after isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR). METHODS: Data for all patients undergoing isolated first-time ...
Maier Dirk - - 2012
PURPOSE: Presumably, the technique of SLAP refixation has significant influence on outcome. This study analyzes and compares functional outcome and return to sports after arthroscopic suture anchor (SA) and arthroscopic transglenoidal suture (TS) repair of isolated SLAP-2 lesions. METHODS: Twenty-four competitive amateur athletes constituted the two treatment groups of this ...
Bozkurt Murat - - 2012
PURPOSE: There has been much emphasis on the importance of cam impingement, which is a cause of pain and knee hyperflexion restriction in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). This study aimed to correlate cam impingement in the posterior femoral condyle with an α-angle showing the severity of the impingement. METHODS: The ...
Zheng Da-Chao - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the outcome between the primary and secondary hypospadias with severe chordee in older patients by the transverse preputial island flap (TPIF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 53 hypospadias patients who were performed with TPIF for urethroplasty, including 25 primary hypospadias (Group 1) and 28 secondary hypospadias ...
Aziz Peter F - - 2012
Transient complete heart block (TCHB) is defined as complete interruption of atrioventricular conduction (AVC) after cardiac surgery followed by return of conduction. This study aimed to assess the risk for the development of late complete heart block (LCHB) after recovery of TCHB and to examine the electrocardiographic and electrophysiologic properties ...
Thakur A S AS Department of Biochemistry, Government Medical College, Jagdalpur, CG 494 001 - - 2013
The study has been undertaken as number of sickle cell patients in Chhattisgarh tribal population is 23.7 %. The Co enzyme Q10 is a strong antioxidant and energy producing compound. The patients were divided into three groups group A homozygous (SS), group B heterozygous (AS) and group C controls for TBARS ...
Sudo Hideki - - 2012
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT: Study Design: Retrospective review.Objective: To assess the long-term outcomes of anterior spinal fusion (ASF) for treating thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).Summary of Background Data: Although ASF is reported to provide good coronal and sagittal correction of the main thoracic (MT) AIS curves, the long-term outcomes of ASF is ...
Van Batavia Jason P - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Part of the management of adolescents with a varicocele is trying to prognosticate who with testicular asymmetry will have CUG with observation and who will have persistent asymmetry. We previously reported that CUG is rare when PRF ≥38cm/sec is associated with ≥20% asymmetry (ie, the "20/38" harbinger). We sought ...
Blondel B - - 2012
Pedicle screw constructs for spinal instrumentation in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) are effective in providing coronal plane correction but can result in loss of kyphosis, which in turn can lead to loss of lordosis. Hybrid constructs have been found superior over pedicle screw constructs in terms of thoracic ...
Caputo Francis J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to better define clinical results and understand factors determining responsiveness to surgical treatment for neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) in adolescent and adult populations. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted for 189 patients with disabling NTOS who underwent primary supraclavicular decompression (scalenectomy, brachial plexus neurolysis ...
Gani D K - - 2012
The aim of the present study is to investigate systemic levels of inflammatory markers of cardiovascular diseases like C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), total leukocyte count and differential count in patients with chronic periodontitis, in comparison to healthy individuals without periodontal disease. A total of 42 individuals, both males and ...
Smith Julie R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Navigated total knee arthroplasty has been shown to increase accuracy in post operative implant alignment. By contrast navigated total knee arthroplasty has not shown significant functional improvements to date, when compared with conventional surgery using subjective clinical questionnaire scores. The aim of this study was to compare the knee ...
Min Kan K Deptarment of Orthopaedics, Balgrist Clinic, University of Zurich, Forchstrasse 340, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland. - - 2013
Since early 1990s pedicle screws in thoracic spine have been used in posterior correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Long-term results are scarce. We report clinical, radiological and pulmonary function results of 48 consecutive patients with 10-year minimal follow-up. Forty-eight consecutive patients (42 females, 6 males) with 41 Lenke 1 ...
Tanha Tina - - 2013
We compared, head-to-head, the old generation Actigraph model 7164 with the new generation Actigraph GT1M accelerometer. A total of 15 randomly selected teenagers (eight girls and seven boys) were investigated. They performed a treadmill test wearing the two kinds of accelerometers around the waist simultaneously. The treadmill test consisted of ...
Mohamed Frikha - - 2012
Nausea and vomiting during regional anesthesia for cesarean section still remain a major problem. We compared the efficacy of dexamethasone plus metoclopramide with dexamethasone alone for preventing nausea and vomiting during and after spinal anesthesia for cesarean section in parturients. The study was performed in 72 full-term parturient women of ...
Williams Gwyn S - - 2012
To compare outcomes and complications of patients undergoing phacoemulsification with and without the administration of intracameral phenylephrine. In this retrospective study, a chart review was performed. Two groups with an equal number of patients who did or did not receive intracameral phenylephrine during phacoemulsification were compared for differences in outcomes, ...
Lykissas Marios G - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN:: Level III; Therapeutic study. OBJECTIVE:: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the addition of costoplasty in AIS surgery improved correction of the rib hump deformity. BACKGROUND:: Trunk deformity is comprised of vertebral rotation, posterior vertebral element, and rib deformities. Surgical correction of the rotational deformity ...
Wulf Corey A - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the capitellum affects young athletes involved in elbow load-bearing activities. Unstable lesions are best managed surgically, although debate remains regarding the optimal method. Arthroscopic treatment allows rapid recovery, but the effect on the articular surface is undetermined. HYPOTHESIS:The clinical outcome after arthroscopic microfracture of stage III/IV ...
Veenboer Paul W - - 2012
PURPOSE: Bladder augmentation by enterocystoplasty or detrusorectomy might prevent renal damage, help in achieving dryness and decrease the need for antimuscarinics. This study examines the long-term outcomes of enterocystoplasty compared to detrusorectomy in adult spina bifida patients in comparable groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study using the hospital electronic ...
Lange Peter - - 2012
RATIONALE: The new Global initiative for obstructive lung disease (GOLD) stratification of COPD into categories A, B, C and D is based on symptoms, level of lung function, and history of exacerbations. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the abilities of this stratification to predict clinical course of COPD. METHODS: Two similar population ...
Loh Shang A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Prosthetic grafts for lower-extremity bypass have limited patency compared with autologous vein grafts. Precuffed expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) grafts alter the geometry of the distal hood to improve patency. This study reports the authors' long-term results on the use of precuffed ePTFE grafts for infrainguinal bypasses in patients with arterial ...
Chen Limei - - 2012
In this controlled, randomized, double-blind study, we compared the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of ropivacaine and staged injection of lidocaine and ropivacaine in a combined lumbar plexus-sciatic nerve block. The experiment was performed in two parts: pharmacodynamics study (Group r, n=20; Group lr, n=20) and pharmacokinetics study (Group R, n=10; Group ...
Oztürk Cengiz - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: In military aviation, high performance aircraft pilots are exposed to +Gz acceleration at longer durations and higher magnitude than transport/helicopter pilots. The purpose of this study was to reveal the negative or positive cardiac responses to this occupational high +Gz exposure. METHODS: Our study design was cross-sectional and observational. ...
Abuzeid Mostafa I - - 2012
To compare the implantation rates in two groups of women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) after embryo transfer based on the initiation time of GnRH antagonist. Secondary outcome measures included clinical pregnancy, delivery and miscarriage rates. This is a prospective, randomized trial in which 140 PCOS patients underwent ICSI, with ...
Ohsawa Takashi - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Few studies have reported the clinical results of tibial tunnel placement during double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. It is important to recognize arthroscopic tibial landmarks during this procedure. HYPOTHESIS:During arthroscopic double-bundle ACL reconstruction, anterior tibial landmarks such as the intermeniscal (transverse) ligament and the Parsons knob for the anteromedial ...
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