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Results 101 - 150 of 1008
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Friedersdorff Frank - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare laparoendoscopic single-site varicocelectomy (LESSV) with multiport laparoscopic varicocelectomy (MLV) in terms of intraoperative parameters and postoperative outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study investigated 10 male adolescents and 89 adults who underwent either LESSV or MLV at the authors' center. The reusable X-Cone single port ...
Shen Ying-Mo - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of Lichtenstein hernioplasty using acellular tissue matrix (ACTM) grafts in adolescent patients. METHODS: One hundred patients, 13-18 years old, with primary unilateral indirect inguinal hernias, were randomly assigned to receive Lichtenstein hernioplasty using ACTM or traditional high ligation of the hernia sac (control group).The outcome measures ...
Mueller Terry L - - 2013
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Pedicle screws have shown to be a safe and effective method of spinal fixation, offering superior multiplanar correction compared with hooks or sublaminar wires in selected situations. Though only food and drug administration (FDA) approved in the adolescent population, they are commonly used in an off-label manner in ...
Büchler Matthias - - 2013
Rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG; Thymoglobulin®) is currently used to prevent acute rejection in kidney transplantation. The dose and regimen of rATG have not been optimized. Moreover, the impact of different treatment regimens on T-cell phenotype reconstitution remains unknown. We conducted a prospective randomized study of 17 renal transplant patients to ...
Tas Serpil - - 2013
PURPOSE: Aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of absence of septal Q waves in patients scheduled for aortic valve replacement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-one patients who underwent isolated aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis were retrospectively evaluated. Septal Q waves were defined as Q waves of<2mm ...
Van Batavia Jason P - - 2013
PURPOSE: Varying incidences and levels of persistent RVF have been reported following adult and adolescent varicocelectomy but its significance remains unclear. We sought to determine the incidence and natural history of persistent flow and whether it had any affect on post-operative CUG. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed pre- and post-varicocelectomy DDUS ...
Girard Julien - - 2013
PURPOSE: Although the resumption of low-impact sports activities is compatible with total hip arthroplasty (THA), participation in high-impact sports seems problematic, and there is no consensus as to whether it is advisable. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the quality and possibility of resuming high-impact physical activities after ...
Hong Jae-Young - - 2013
PURPOSE: To identify factors that can affect postoperative shoulder balance in AIS. METHOD: 89 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with six types of curvatures who underwent surgery were included in this study. Whole spine antero-posterior and lateral radiographs were obtained pre- and postoperatively. In radiograms, shape and changes in curvatures were ...
Aydogan Mustafa S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The study aim was to compare the efficacy of dexmedetomidine vs midazolam for sedation during the early postoperative period in adolescents who underwent scoliosis surgery. METHODS: We performed a prospective, randomized trial in an intensive care unit (ICU) in a tertiary care center. In this study, 42 patients (American ...
Xinias Ioannis - - 2013
The relationship between Helicobacter pylori (Hp) gastritis and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) remains controversial. The aim was to investigate the association between Hp infection and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and the impact of Hp eradication on esophageal acid exposure and motility in adolescents and young adults with Hp gastritis and GERD. ...
Woo Jae Gon - - 2013
GOALS AND BACKGROUND:: Premedication with pronase, dimethylpolysiloxane, and sodium bicarbonate improves visibility during upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy. However, the optimal time for this combination to take effect is unknown. We investigated the optimal time of pre-UGI endoscopy medication. STUDY:: A randomized, investigator-blind, controlled trial. The 300 patients who were to ...
Crawford Alvin H - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Comparative analysis of 2 groups of patients who underwent surgical treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).Objective. To compare a segmental pedicle screw only system with a hybrid system for the treatment of Lenke type 1 AIS curves.Summary of Background Data. Although previous AIS studies have tried to ...
Demura Satoru - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Study Design. A review of a multicenter, prospective registry of patients surgically treated for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).Objective. To investigate preoperative and postoperative distribution of coronal decompensation in Lenke 1C curves and to determine whether a selective thoracic fusion (STF) affects the results of coronal decompensation.Summary of Background Data. ...
Park Chul-Hyun - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the results of hallux valgus surgery between feet fixed with Kirschner wires and those fixed with a plate and screws. METHODS: Between December 2008 and November 2009, 53 patients (62 feet) were treated with proximal chevron osteotomy and distal soft tissue procedure ...
Kucukgoz Gulec Umran - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare clinical and laboratory findings between the early-onset preeclampsia (EOP) and late-onset preeclampsia (LOP). Methods: This prospective longitudinal study was performed at a tertiary referral university clinic. All patients meeting the inclusion criteria were divided into two groups, the EOP group and the LOP group, according to ...
Dietrich Wulf - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with a high degree of hemostatic system activation. Supplementation of antithrombin (AT) may attenuate this activation and increase a patient's susceptibility to heparin. However, the appropriate dosage of AT has not been defined. We sought to determine the dosage of AT concentrate necessary to achieve >100% ...
Kim Seung-Hyun - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the asthenopic symptoms in patients with exotropia and esotropia while watching stereoscopic 3D (S3D) television (TV). Methods: A total 77 subjects who more than 9 years of age were enrolled in this study. We divided them into three groups; Thirty-four patients with ...
Qiu Xu-Sheng - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The pelvis as the biomechanical foundation of spine, plays an important role in the balance of the stance and gait through the multi-link spinal-pelvic system. If the pelvic axial rotation (PAR) exists in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients, it should theoretically have some effects on the body balance. PURPOSE: ...
Schindler Oliver S - - 2013
PURPOSE: To comprise current knowledge on morphology, embryology and pathophysiology of synovial plicae as well as on clinical and therapeutic aspects of the plica syndrome. METHODS: Review of the literature combined with a meta-analysis of studies assessing the outcome of open or arthroscopic plica excision including the author's own series. ...
Yoon Hyun Ju - - 2013
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) increases the risk of heart failure (HF). The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of MetS in patients with HF and determine the syndrome's association with HF in clinical and laboratory parameters. A total of 3200 HF patients (67.6±14.5 years) enrolled in a nationwide ...
Ferns Sunita J - - 2013
To compare the results of bidirectional Glenn when performed with or without pulsatile pulmonary blood flow in a cohort of patients with a single ventricle. Records of 212 patients undergoing staged single ventricle palliation during a 10-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Of those, 103 (33 in pulsatile group A and ...
Ibraheim Osama A - - 2013
Surgical correction ofscoliosis carries significant blood loss and needs for blood transfusion with its inherent risks and cost. The aim of this double-blind, randomized, controlled study was to compare the effects of esmolol or dexmedetomidine on intraoperative blood loss, anesthetics consumption, intra operative hemodynamic and effects on spinal cord monitoring ...
Na Sang Hoon - - 2013
This study aimed to describe the characteristics of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) according to specific activity types at the time of event and to determine the association between activities and outcomes according to activity type at the time of event occurrence of OHCA. A nationwide OHCA cohort database, compiled from ...
Gulletta Simone - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Irrigated-tip catheter technology has been used for the elimination of resistant accessory pathways (AP) in adults with Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. However, there are persistent concerns regarding the safety of irrigated catheters in the pediatric population. In this report we present our experience, in terms of effectiveness and safety, of ...
Lewallen Laura W - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Patellofemoral instability is common in the pediatric and adolescent population, yet prognosis after the first dislocation has been difficult to determine. PURPOSE:To describe the demographics of pediatric and adolescent patients with a first-time patellofemoral dislocation and to determine predictors of recurrent instability. STUDY DESIGN:Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS:A ...
Nyland J - - 2013
PURPOSE: This retrospective study compared the influence of perceived sports involvement on lower extremity neuromuscular adaptations during single-leg countermovement jumping (CMJ), perceived knee function and internal health locus of control (HLOC) scores at a minimum 2-year post-anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. The hypothesis was that subjects with higher-level sports involvement would ...
Han S B - - 2013
Active inspired gas humidification (AH) preserves body heat and maintains normothermia intraoperatively. However, it is unclear whether AH shows comparable influences during liver transplantation (OLT), which may be affected by both large internal heat loss and external heat supply. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect ...
He Dengming - - 2013
Western Bahr el Ghazal State is located in northwestern South Sudan, which is a tropical area subject to Plasmodium falciparum malaria epidemics. The aim of this study is to explore the epidemiological and clinical features of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in United Nations personnel stationed in this area. From July 2006 ...
Colen Lawrence B - - 2013
: Literature in the past decade has shown that Achilles tendon-lengthening surgery in addition to total contact casting decreases the rate of plantar ulcer recurrence in the forefoot and midfoot; however, the risk of heel ulceration or recurrent equinus deformity with new forefoot or midfoot wounds is not insignificant. The ...
Karahan O - - 2013
Purpose: While LigaSure is commonly used for blood vessel closure, our aim was to research the effectiveness of using the latter tool for the purpose of closing intestines in rats.Methods: Twenty Wistar albino rats were divided into two groups per 10 each. In Group 1, the sigmoid colon was cut ...
Salamanna Francesca - - 2013
Metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HR) has been gaining popularity especially for young and active patients. Although different series report good mid-term results, the long-term outcome and failure mechanisms are still concerning. In this consecutive revision case series, 9 retrieved specimens of a failed Birmingham Hip Resurfacing (BHR) were divided according ...
Sruamsiri Rosarin - - 2013
Hematopoieticic stem cell transplantation is the only therapeutic option that can cure thalassemia disease. Reduced intensity hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (RI-HSCT) has demonstrated a high cure rate with minimal complications compared to other options. Because RI-HSCT is very costly, economic justification for its value is needed. This study aimed to ...
Huang Wen-Kuan - - 2013
Background: There have been no large-scale population-based studies to estimate the subsequent risk of primary liver cancer (PLC) among patients with pyogenic liver abscess (PLA). This study aimed to provide relevant data. Materials and Methods: The Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database for the years 2000 and 2005 was used. The ...
Liutkevičienė Rasa - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The aim of this study was to assess age-related visual functions (visual acuity and contrast sensitivity) and compare the results by different age groups. MATERIAL AND METHODS. A total of 231 patients were examined. The patients were divided into 5 age groups: 10 patients in group 1, 30-39 years; ...
Umur Ahmet Sukru - - 2013
The objective of this study is to examine the effects of radiation of mobile phones on developing neural tissue of chick embryos. MATERIAL and There were 4 study groups. All Groups were placed in equal distance, from the mobile phones. Serial sections were taken from each Group to study the ...
Voigt Matthias - - 2013
Background This paper describes a randomized prospective study conducted in 308 patients undergoing caesarean section in spinal anaesthesia at a single hospital between 2010 and 2012 to find a suitable anti-emetic strategy for these patients. Material and Methods Spinal anesthesia was performed in left prone position, at L3/L4 with hyperbaric ...
Zhu Xiang-Jia - - 2013
To assess the etiology of early-onset dark nucleus in high-myopic patients and its relationship with the epigenetic regulation of αA-crystallin (CRYAA). We reviewed clinical data from patients who underwent cataract surgery at our center in 2012. Lens epithelial samples were collected during capsulorhexis, whereas young lens epithelium was donated. Cataract ...
Ang Daphne - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Wireless oesophageal (Bravo) readings in healthy European and American subjects show varied results. Values in Asians remain unstudied. AIMS: We performed Bravo studies in healthy Asians to determine if values differed from previously published and identified reflux parameters to differentiate healthy volunteers from patients. METHODS: Fifty healthy volunteers were ...
Okita Yoshiki - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with postoperative ulcerative colitis developing extremely early-onset pouchitis within 4 weeks of restoration of gastrointestinal continuity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study involved 225 consecutive patients from January 2000 to May 2011 who underwent ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis ...
Sia A T - - 2012
This trial was conducted to compare the analgesic efficacy of administering variable-frequency automated boluses at a rate proportional to the patient's needs with fixed continuous basal infusion in patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) during labour and delivery. We recruited a total of 102 parturients in labour who were randomly assigned to ...
Hwang Steven W - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine the mid-term clinical and radiographic impact of pedicle screw fixation in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS: A multicenter AIS database was retrospectively queried to identify 99 consecutive patients who underwent posterior spinal fusion using an all pedicle screw construct with a minimum of 5-year follow-up. ...
Ravish Matthew - - 2012
: A retrospective case-comparison study. : Compare efficacy and safety of combined intrathecal morphine (ITM) and epidural analgesia (EPI) to that of conventional intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) after posterior spinal fusion (PSF) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). : Pain control after PSF in AIS has been managed traditionally with IV-PCA. ...
Shin Yu Seob - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the preoperative factors that influenced postoperative sperm concentration after vasovasostomy. We retrospectively reviewed 97 consecutive single-layer vasovasostomy procedures performed by a single surgeon between March 2003 and September 2010. The patients were stratified into three groups based on sperm concentration at 1 ...
Saxena Akshat - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is associated with poorer short-term and long-term outcomes after general cardiac operations. There is, however, a paucity of data on the impact of POAF on outcomes after isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR). METHODS: Data for all patients undergoing isolated first-time ...
Maier Dirk - - 2012
PURPOSE: Presumably, the technique of SLAP refixation has significant influence on outcome. This study analyzes and compares functional outcome and return to sports after arthroscopic suture anchor (SA) and arthroscopic transglenoidal suture (TS) repair of isolated SLAP-2 lesions. METHODS: Twenty-four competitive amateur athletes constituted the two treatment groups of this ...
Bozkurt Murat - - 2012
PURPOSE: There has been much emphasis on the importance of cam impingement, which is a cause of pain and knee hyperflexion restriction in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). This study aimed to correlate cam impingement in the posterior femoral condyle with an α-angle showing the severity of the impingement. METHODS: The ...
Zheng Da-Chao - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the outcome between the primary and secondary hypospadias with severe chordee in older patients by the transverse preputial island flap (TPIF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 53 hypospadias patients who were performed with TPIF for urethroplasty, including 25 primary hypospadias (Group 1) and 28 secondary hypospadias ...
Aziz Peter F - - 2012
Transient complete heart block (TCHB) is defined as complete interruption of atrioventricular conduction (AVC) after cardiac surgery followed by return of conduction. This study aimed to assess the risk for the development of late complete heart block (LCHB) after recovery of TCHB and to examine the electrocardiographic and electrophysiologic properties ...
Thakur A S AS Department of Biochemistry, Government Medical College, Jagdalpur, CG 494 001 - - 2013
The study has been undertaken as number of sickle cell patients in Chhattisgarh tribal population is 23.7 %. The Co enzyme Q10 is a strong antioxidant and energy producing compound. The patients were divided into three groups group A homozygous (SS), group B heterozygous (AS) and group C controls for TBARS ...
Sudo Hideki - - 2012
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT: Study Design: Retrospective review.Objective: To assess the long-term outcomes of anterior spinal fusion (ASF) for treating thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).Summary of Background Data: Although ASF is reported to provide good coronal and sagittal correction of the main thoracic (MT) AIS curves, the long-term outcomes of ASF is ...
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