Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1063
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Norris A - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimum time of administration of diclofenac in patients undergoing ambulatory knee arthroscopy: either preoperatively or postoperatively. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind study. SETTING: Ambulatory surgical unit in a tertiary referral hospital. PATIENTS: 127 ASA physical status I and II patients undergoing ambulatory knee arthroscopy. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were ...
Chang D M - - 2001
Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy, the gastroduodenal safety, and the effects on arachidonic acid products of meloxicam, a new acidic enolic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug which preferentially inhibits cyclo-oxygenase-2 over cyclo-oxygenase-1, versus piroxicam in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Meloxicam 7.5 mg or piroxicam 20 mg daily was ...
Bombardier C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Each year, clinical upper gastrointestinal events occur in 2 to 4 percent of patients who are taking nonselective nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). We assessed whether rofecoxib, a selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2, would be associated with a lower incidence of clinically important upper gastrointestinal events than is the nonselective NSAID ...
Fredman B - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the analgesic efficacy and perioperative opioid-sparing effects of adjuvant intravenous (IV) diclofenac. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled, double-blind study. SETTING: Large referral hospital. PATIENTS: 40 ASA physical status I, II, and III geriatric patients (>65 years) undergoing open reduction and internal fixation of subcapital fracture of the femur. ...
Rawal R C - - 2000
A total of sixty patients with chronic urticaria (>3 months duration) were divided into three groups. Group A - was treated once daily with tab loratadine 10 mg. Group B- with cetrizine 10 mg and Group C - with tab fexofenadine hydrochloride 180 mg. Total duration of treatment was 4 ...
Joshi A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: An audit study which examines patient's opinions on the efficiency of two analgesic regimes prescribed to them following dento-alveolar surgery in our Day Unit. DESIGN: Single centre prospective study. SETTING: Oral Surgery Day Case Unit SUBJECTS: One-hundred-and-seventy-four adults undergoing routine dento-alveolar surgery under general anaesthetic were asked to assess ...
Watson D J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Most nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are nonselective cyclooxygenase (COX-1 and COX-2) inhibitors and are associated with a variety of upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract symptoms. The roles of COX-1 and COX-2 in the pathogenesis of these symptoms are unclear. To test whether COX-2 inhibition with rofecoxib would have greater GI ...
Thorneman G - - 2000
The aim of the present prospective study was to evaluate pain treatment during the first postoperative 24 h for 40 patients (age over 18) undergoing tonsillectomy. Patients were divided into two groups: group A (n = 20) received analgesics on demand and group B (n = 20) on a regular ...
Ladov M J - - 2000
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of transnasal butorphanol tartrate (Stadol NS; Bristol-Myers Squibb, New York, NY) in the treatment of patients with moderate to severe pain after oral surgery for the removal of impacted third molars. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this open-label study, third molar extraction was ...
Reddy M S - - 2000
PURPOSE: To study the effect of a topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug as an alternative to topical steroids for postoperative control of inflammation in cataract surgery. METHODS: The effect of diclofenac sodium 0.1% following cataract surgery was studied and compared to routine corticosteroid, dexamethasone phosphate 1% in a prospective, double-blind randomized ...
Herbort C P - - 2000
PURPOSE: To compare the anti-inflammatory effect of topical diclofenac sodium 0.1% in a fixed combination with gentamicin 0.3% to the anti-inflammatory effect of dexamethasone phosphate 0.1% in a prospective randomized double-masked double-dummy study in patients undergoing cataract surgery. SETTING: Trial performed from June 1991 to April 1992 at the Hôpital ...
Yamashita H - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To determine the type, severity, and incidence of acupuncture adverse reactions that are observed in standard practice. DESIGN: A survey based on observation and interview by the therapists. SETTING: Tsukuba College of Technology Clinic in Japan. SUBJECTS: All patients who underwent acupuncture treatment during a period of 4 months ...
Melamed J - - 2000
The efficacy and safety of twice-daily nedocromil sodium 2% ophthalmic solution and vehicle were compared in the treatment of ragweed seasonal allergic conjunctivitis. Two separate multicenter, randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled studies were subjected to a combined analysis. Following a one-week baseline period during the beginning of the ragweed pollen season, 189 ...
Berti M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: This prospective, randomized study was conducted to evaluate the quality of postoperative pain relief when using dexketoprofen, ketoprofen, or paracetamol after outpatient knee arthroscopy. METHODS: Without premedication, 45 ASA physical status I-II patients undergoing elective outpatient knee arthroscopy with combined sciatic-femoral nerve block, were randomly allocated to receive either ...
Abhyankar S - - 2000
AIM: The use of indomethacin in treatment of hydramnios was evaluated. SUBJECTS & METHODS: Twelve patients with symptomatic hydramnios were treated with indomethacin (2.2- 3.0 mg/kg body weight/day). RESULTS: The treatment was started at a gestational age of 31.17-/+7.94 weeks and continued for 3.74-/+2.3 weeks. Eleven patients responded to the ...
Steinbach G - - 2000
Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis have a nearly 100 percent risk of colorectal cancer. In this disease, the chemopreventive effects of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs may be related to their inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2. We studied the effect of celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, on colorectal polyps in patients with familial adenomatous ...
Sumano H - - 2000
Based on favorable experiences with acupuncture for the treatment of hind limbs paralysis, lumbo-sacral alterations, and other spinal cord problems; a clinical trial, involving 40 dogs affected with wobbler syndrome was carried out. Patients were graded in three categories according to the severity of each case and then randomly divided ...
Chantre P - - 2000
In a double-blind, randomized, multicentre clinical study, the efficacy and tolerance of a herbal medicine product, Harpadol (6 capsules/day, each containing 435 mg of powdered cryoground powder Harpagophytum procumbens), was compared with diacerhein 100 mg/day in the treatment, for 4 months, of 122 patients suffering from osteoarthritis of the knee ...
Wan Q - - 2000
In order to relieve the abdominal distension and other discomforts due to gastrointestinal dysfunction after abdominal operations, the patients were treated by auricular-plaster therapy plus acupuncture at Zusanli (ST 36). 12 (92.4%) of the 13 cases in the treatment group showed recovery of normal peristalsis within 72 hours after operations, ...
Cannon G W - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy of rofecoxib, a specific inhibitor of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), with that of diclofenac in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and to evaluate the safety and tolerability of rofecoxib. METHODS: We performed a randomized, double-blind, active comparator-controlled trial in 784 adults with OA of the knee ...
Scott D L - - 2000
AIM: To compare the efficacy and gastrointestinal (GI) safety of nabumetone with two comparator non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), diclofenac SR and piroxicam. METHODS: Two randomized, double-blind, multicentre, parallel group trials were carried out in patients with moderate to severe osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. During the 6 month treatment ...
Short J A - - 2000
This study investigated the effect of diclofenac on the lung function of 70 children aged 6-15 years with a diagnosis of asthma, recruited from a hospital respiratory clinic. Peak flow and a forced expiratory flow-volume loop were measured and the patients were then given 1-1.5 mg.kg-1 effervescent diclofenac orally. Spirometry ...
Montrone F - - 2000
The efficacy and tolerability of amtolmetin guacyl (AMG), a new non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, were compared with piroxicam, in patients with osteoarthritis. In a randomized double-blind study patients with arthritis (n = 99) received either 600 mg AMG on an empty stomach or 20 mg of piroxicam on a full stomach, ...
Schnitzer T J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of tramadol in the treatment of chronic low back pain. METHODS: A 3 phase trial: (1) a washout/screening phase; (2) a 3 week, open label, run-in phase; and (3) a 4 week, randomized, placebo controlled, double blind treatment phase. Three hundred eighty outpatients ...
Rautoma P - - 2000
PURPOSE: To compare the postoperative analgesic effects of 50 mg diclofenac p.o. before surgery and intra-articular ropivacaine injected after diagnostic day-case knee arthroscopy performed under spinal anesthesia. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind investigation, 200 ASA physical status 1-2 outpatients, age 18-60 yr, received either 50 mg diclofenac p.o. or placebo ...
Rashid M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the prophylactic use of rectal diclofenac sodium produces effective analgesia after cesarean section. METHODS: A randomized single blind controlled trial. The study period was from September 1997-April 1998. Forty patients undergoing both emergency and elective cesarean section were studied, with 20 patients in each arm. The ...
Honjo H - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the possible use of acupuncture for the treatment of urinary incontinence caused by detrusor hyperreflexia in patients with chronic spinal cord injuries. METHODS: A total of 13 patients (11 males, 2 females) suffering from urinary incontinence due to spinal cord injuries were treated by acupuncture, which was ...
Nishina K - - 2000
We conducted a prospective, randomized study to compare the efficacy of preoperative diclofenac, flurbiprofen, and clonidine, given alone, as well as the combination of diclofenac and clonidine, and flurbiprofen and clonidine in controlling postoperative pain in 125 children. The patients (ASA I, 2-12 years) undergoing elective ophthalmological surgery were allocated ...
Flach A J - - 2000
PURPOSE: Laboratory studies in experimental animals suggest that use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs decreases the incidence of posterior capsular opacification (PCO) following cataract surgery. Recently the incidence of PCO following cataract surgery and intraocular lens implantation was reported to be no different following postoperative treatment with diclofenac sodium 0.1% (Voltaren, ...
Blom M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term effects of acupuncture in patients with xerostomia of different etiologies and the influence of additional treatment. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SUBJECTS: Seventy patients, between the ages of 33 and 82, with xerostomia due to primary and secondary Sjögren's syndrome, irradiation and other causes were included. The ...
Rovenský J - - 2000
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used in the therapy of both inflammatory and degenerative diseases of the locomotor system. Due to the relatively high occurrence of adverse effects, mainly on the gastrointestinal tract, NSAID therapy often has to be discontinued. Studies focusing on long-term NSAID therapy end points are rare. ...
Kitade T - - 2000
We evaluated the analgesic effects of acupuncture on postoperative pain by comparing patients who underwent routine tooth extraction alone (control group) and those who underwent tooth extraction in combination with acupuncture (experimental group) by the random allocation method. As teeth easy to extract. requiring no gingival incision (grade A) or ...
Kulshrestha M K - - 2000
PURPOSE: To establish the role of preoperative subconjunctival mydricaine and diclofenac 0.1% in maintaining mydriasis during vitrectomy. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients were entered into the study. All were given cyclopentolate 1% and phenylephrine 2.5% preoperatively. Each patient was randomly allocated to one of three groups. In Group 1, patients received mydricaine ...
Huang J Q - - 1999
Individual comparative studies suggest that nabumetone has a gastrointestinal (GI) safety profile superior to comparator NSAIDs but lack power to show a statistical difference. The aim of this study was to evaluate systematically the difference in GI adverse events--especially the rate of perforations, ulcers, and bleeds (PUBs)-- between studies, meta-analyses ...
Vielpeau C - - 1999
The effectiveness of naproxen, indomethacin, and a placebo were compared for the prevention of heterotopic ossification after total hip arthroplasty. Eighty-four men at high risk of experiencing heterotopic ossification received randomly either naproxen 750 mg per day, indomethacin 75 mg per day, or a placebo for 6 consecutive weeks after ...
Langman M J MJ Department of Medicine, University of Birmingham, - - 1999
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced gastrointestinal (GI) toxic effects, such as upper GI tract perforations, symptomatic gastroduodenal ulcers, and upper GI tract bleeding (PUBs), are thought to be attributable to cyclooxygenase 1 (COX-1) inhibition. Rofecoxib specifically inhibits COX-2 and has demonstrated a low potential for causing upper GI injury. To compare ...
Powell J - - 1999
Vulvodynia is the sensation of burning and/or pain of the vulva in the absence of abnormal clinical findings. We offered acupuncture to twelve patients with this syndrome. All had experienced severe distress and impairment of sexual function and usual treatments had failed. The patients attended weekly for acupuncture and progress ...
Colbert S - - 1999
In this prospective randomised study, pruritus and pain were evaluated in patients undergoing abdominal surgery in which intrathecal morphine was administered. Each patient received intrathecal morphine 0.3 mg prior to induction, followed by a standard anaesthetic. The patients were randomly allocated to one of two groups. One group received 100 ...
Di Rienzo V - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Immunotherapy (IT) is the only causal treatment for allergic subjects recognized to be effective and to offer long-lasting efficacy. The noninjective routes, aimed at improving the safety of the treatment, have been validated as effective in adults, but documentation of their safety in children is still poor. The aim ...
McDonald M B - - 1999
PURPOSE: To compare the 2 most popular commercially available topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in the treatment of ocular pain following radial keratotomy (RK). SETTING: Multicenter clinical trial. METHODS: Ninety-seven RK patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatment groups: ketorolac tromethamine, diclofenac sodium, and moist drops as a ...
Korpan M I - - 1999
To test the hypothesis that classical Chinese acupuncture provides an additional benefit subjectively as well as objectively in patients suffering from reflex sympathetic dystrophy, a double-blind, placebo-controlled prospective trial was performed. Fourteen patients suffering clinically and scintigraphically from acute CRPS of the upper limb lasting of more than one but ...
Vantesone D L - - 1999
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of a topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent, diclofenac, and prednisolone acetate on wound healing, postoperative inflammation, and other clinical parameters in laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) patients. SETTING: Fundación VER, Córdoba, Argentina. METHODS: Laser in situ keratomileusis for myopia was performed simultaneously in both eyes of ...
Zgradie I - - 1999
The efficacy and tolerability profiles of nimesulide and diclofenac were evaluated in 180 patients suffering from various degenerative joint diseases. The clinical evaluations were performed at 0, 2 and 4 weeks. Nimesulide (100 mg) tablets were administered twice daily and diclofenac (50 mg) tablets were administered thrice daily. The principal ...
Tomas-Barberan S - - 1999
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of topical treatment given immediately after photorefractive keratectomy. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, double-blind clinical trial was performed on 60 eyes from 60 patients to evaluate the effects of topical diclofenac, dexamethasone and placebo (BSS) on epithelial wound healing, inflammation and duration of pain in the ...
Dowd N P - - 1999
The effect of iontophoretic administration of vincristine in the treatment of postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) was investigated in a prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Twenty patients with intercostal or lumbar PHN for more than 6 months that was unresponsive to conventional medical therapy were randomized to receive vincristine 0.01% (n = 11) ...
Hammar M - - 1999
PURPOSE: Most men who undergo castration therapy for prostatic carcinoma will have vasomotor symptoms that usually persist for years. Vasomotor symptoms are elicited from the thermoregulatory center, possibly due to a decrease in hypothalamic opioid activity induced by low sex steroid concentrations. Acupuncture treatment in women, which stimulates hypothalamic opioid ...
Al-Jam'a A H AH Qaif Central Hospital, Qatif, Dhahran Health Center, Dhahran and Dammam Central Hospital, Dammam, Saudi - - 1999
Isoxsuprine is a tocolytic agent which improves erythrocyte deformability. It was accidentally found to be effective in the management of sickle cell disease (SCD) painful crises. The experience with the drug in the treatment of sickle cell disease is limited. This double-blind randomized comparative study was undertaken to test its ...
Benhamou D - - 1999
PURPOSE: In 1994, we developed a practice guideline which stated that ketoprofen should be used in every adult patient after surgical procedures for which at least moderate pain was anticipated. The dose recommended was 50 mg every six hours i.v. in the operating room followed by oral administration as soon ...
Al-Waili N S - - 1999
To study the therapeutic effects of a single 40 mg intramuscular dose of piroxicam versus a single 75 mg intramuscular dose of diclofenac sodium for treatment of acute renal colic. - The study comprised 64 patients (52 men and 12 women, mean age 28 years, range 18 - 42) who ...
Miyake K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of latanoprost, a prostaglandin analog, on the blood-aqueous barrier and angiographic cystoid macular edema (CME) formation in early postoperative pseudophakias. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Included in the study were eyes with ocular hypertension, normal-tension glaucoma, or primary open-angle glaucoma undergoing surgery for cataract. The study consisted ...
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