Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1041
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Rubin Bernard R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of etoricoxib and indomethacin in the treatment of patients with acute gout. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, active-comparator study was conducted at 42 sites. A total of 189 men and women (> or =18 years of age) who were experiencing an acute attack (< ...
Sell Stefan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In a monocentric, randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind study, we investigated the efficacy of two doses of diclofenac-cholestyramine for the prevention of heterotopic ossification (HO). PATIENTS: The study comprised 245 patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA). RESULTS: With 150 mg cholestyramine-bound diclofenac (2 x 1 capsule Voltaren resinate) daily during a ...
Reines S A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory mechanisms have been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and may be mediated via the cyclo-oxygenase-2 enzyme. This study sought to evaluate the effect of rofecoxib, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that selectively inhibits cyclo-oxygenase-2, in slowing the progression of dementia in patients with established AD. METHODS: ...
Ozdemir Esin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In the last decades, phenol cauterization has been widely used with high success rates for the treatment of ingrowing toenails. However, unpredictable tissue damage and prolonged healing time are the disadvantages of this technique. Sodium hydroxide is an alternative chemical agent that causes less tissue damage. OBJECTIVE: In this ...
Fattori Bruno - - 2004
We evaluated by computerized static posturography the postural changes after acupuncture treatment in a group of 27 patients (12 men and 15 women; mean age, 35.7+/-6.8 SD) having balance disorders caused by cervical torsion due to whiplash injury. Acupuncture was performed by piercing deeply and bilaterally acupuncture points bladder 10 ...
Rose Peter - - 2004
Impaired mobility and pain mean a loss of quality of life for patients with rheumatic diseases. Therefore the initial aim of therapy is rapid and efficient analgesia in order to achieve the best possible result for these patients. Lornoxicam is a strong analgesic and anti-inflammatory NSAID with balanced cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-1/COX-2 ...
Castelo-Branco Camil - - 2004
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ibuprofen arginate in the treatment of patients with primary dysmenorrhoea in normal clinical practice. In this open trial, patients received an initial oral dose of ibuprofen arginine 600mg at the onset of pain, followed by the same ...
Schmidt Helmut - - 2004
NSAIDs are widely used to treat pain and inflammation in osteoarthritis. Their use in this indication is generally intermittent and fluctuates with the intensity of the disease. Nonetheless, success of the therapy is frequently limited by injury to the gastrointestinal mucosa and complications such as bleeding, ulceration and perforation. A ...
Romanò Carlo L - - 2004
A cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 inhibitor (indomethacin) and a selective COX-2 inhibitor (celecoxib) were compared in the prevention of heterotopic ossification after total hip arthroplasty. In 250 patients receiving indomethacin and in 150 patients receiving celecoxib for 20 days after surgery, an overall incidence of heterotopic ossification of 17.5% and ...
Bracco Pietro - - 2004
Rofecoxib 50 mg/day for 6 days provided better postoperative analgesia than nimesulide 200 mg/day in a randomised trial in patients (n = 130) undergoing surgical extraction of third molars. The superiority of rofecoxib over nimesulide was especially marked during the first 2-3 postoperative days and in patients with fully impacted ...
Rovetta G - - 2004
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 800 mg/die of chondroitin sulfate (CHS) per os plus naproxen versus naproxen over 2 years in patients with erosive osteoarthritis (EOA) of the hands. Joint count for erosions, Heberden and Bouchard nodes, Dreiser's algofunctional index and physicians' and patients' ...
Pope Janet E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether or not N of 1 trials with diclofenac/misoprostol (Arthrotec) are superior and cost-effective compared with standard treatment in osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: We randomized subjects with OA who were "uncertain that nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAID) were helpful" to 2 different groups. One group received conventional treatment whereby ...
Agah Mahvash M Department of Anesthesiology, Shaheed Labbafinejad Hospital, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2004
Our aim was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of acupuncture in comparison with intravenous (IV) sedation in extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). One hundred patients, who were scheduled for ESWL, were divided randomly into two groups of fifty patients (acupuncture and IV sedation). In the first group, acupuncture was ...
Michael Wevitavidanalage - - 2003
This is a report detailing the successful treatment of a case of anosmia with acupuncture. The patient was managed conventionally for two years with no sign of improvement. She regained the sense of smell following one session of acupuncture. Such patients should be investigated for any detectable organic cause prior ...
Shaikh M Yusuf - - 2003
PURPOSE: To compare the effects on the pupil of pretreatment with prednisolone 1% eyedrops, flurbiprofen 0.03% eyedrops, and sodium chloride 0.9% eyedrops in patients having phacoemulsification cataract surgery. SETTING: Christopher Home Eye Unit, Royal Albert Edward Infirmary, Wigan, United Kingdom. METHODS: One hundred thirty-six white patients having phacoemulsification with no ...
Alimi David - - 2003
PURPOSE: During the last 30 years, auricular acupuncture has been used as complementary treatment of cancer pain when analgesic drugs do not suffice. The purpose of this study is to examine the efficacy of auricular acupuncture in decreasing pain intensity in cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety patients were randomly ...
Hammer Dietrich S - - 2003
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) in patients with chronically painful proximal plantar fasciitis with a further conventional conservative treatment. Forty-seven patients (49 feet) with a previously unsuccessful nonsurgical treatment of at least 6 months were randomized to two groups. ...
Wigler I - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the effect of a ginger extract (Zintona EC) on patients suffering from gonarthritis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-nine patients (6 men and 23 women) with symptomatic gonarthritis (ACR criteria), in the age range 42-85 years, were included after randomization in a double blind, placebo controlled, crossover study of ...
Nikanne Elina - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: In our previous study, we reported that both uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) and tonsillectomy are associated with unacceptable intense pain during the first 24 hours after surgery. To investigate the pain progression at home, we followed the same 53 patients for 14 days after surgery. Twenty-two patients underwent tonsillectomy and 31 ...
Kerr Stephen J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess trends in the first two years of prescribing of COX-2-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (C2SNs) by Australian general practitioners. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of deidentified electronic patient records from GPs enrolled in the General Practice Research Network (GPRN). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Overall prescription rates for C2SNs and NSAIDs were ...
Alraek Terje - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how the effect of acupuncture treatment in recurrent cystitis relates to Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) diagnostic categories and physiologic measurements. SETTING/LOCATION: Two private acupuncture clinics in Bergen, Norway. Measurements were carried out in Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: Ninety-eight (98) cystitis-prone women were randomly assigned ...
Hashkes Philip J - - 2003
We performed a prospective, randomized, open-label equivalence study comparing the use of naproxen to aspirin in 33 patients with rheumatic fever. The mean time until resolution of arthritis was 2.9+/-2.9 days in both groups. Liver enzyme elevations were more frequent in the aspirin group (P=.002). We conclude that naproxen is ...
Park Eun-sung - - 2003
The effect of acupuncture in the treatment of young pigs with induced enteropathogenic Escherichia coli diarrhea was histopathologically evaluated by routine hematoxylin and eosin stain. Thirty two pigs weighed 4-5 kg and aged 21 days old were used in this study. The animals with diarrhea were treated with traditional acupuncture, ...
Wilder-Smith Clive H - - 2003
Combining different analgesic mechanisms can reduce postoperative pain. We investigated postoperative pain and sensory sensitization in a double-blinded, placebo-controlled, randomized, single-dose comparison of the monoaminergic and micro -opioid agonist tramadol, 100 mg, and diclofenac 75 mg given IM in combination or alone in 120 patients who had elective cesarean delivery. ...
Lee K K C - - 2003
AIM: To evaluate the economic impact of celecoxib therapy vs. diclofenac plus omeprazole therapy for the treatment of arthritis in Chinese patients with a high risk of bleeding, from the perspective of a public health organization in Hong Kong. METHODS: The medical records of 287 Chinese arthritic patients with a ...
Scuderi B - - 2003
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and tolerance of piroxicam 0.5% ophthalmic solution and diclofenac sodium 0.1% ophthalmic solution in controlling inflammation after phacoemulsification and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. SETTING: Ophthalmological Department, San Donà di Piave Hospital, Venice, Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty consecutive patients--18 men and 22 women--between 55 and ...
Lyons J B - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Diclofenac sodium is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent commonly used to provide analgesia post-surgery. It is common clinical practice to administer a diclofenac suppository at induction to contribute to pre-emptive analgesia (PEA). Diclofenac takes up to 30 minutes to attain maximal plasma level after rectal administration. AIM: To compare post-operative ...
Allais G - - 2003
In an open, randomized trial, we evaluated transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), infrared lasertherapy and acupuncture in the treatment of transformed migraine, over a 4-month period free of prophylactic drugs. Sixty women suffering from transformed migraine were assigned, after a one month run-in period, to three different treatments: TENS (Group ...
Bjørnsson G A - - 2003
To evaluate the effect of a 3-day regimen of ibuprofen 600 mg x 4 on acute postoperative swelling and pain and other inflammatory events after third molar surgery compared with a traditional regimen of paracetamol 1000 mg x 4. A controlled, randomized, double-blind, cross-over study where 36 patients (26 females, ...
Bertin P - - 2003
This study compared the analgesic efficacy and safety of the cyclo-oxygenase-2 specific inhibitor celecoxib with the non-specific non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, naproxen, in patients with acute shoulder pain. Adult patients with shoulder pain, onset within the previous 14 days and shoulder pain of > or = 40 mm on a 100 ...
Abhyankar S, Salvi VS
AIM: The use of indomethacin in treatment of hydramnios was evaluated. SUBJECTS &amp; METHODS: Twelve patients with symptomatic hydramnios were treated with indomethacin (2.2- 3.0 mg/kg body weight/day). RESULTS: The treatment was started at a gestational age of 31.17 +/-7.94 weeks and continued for 3.74+/-2.3 weeks. Eleven patients responded to ...
D'Angelo Gennaro - - 2003
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of prolonged treatment with preservative-free diclofenac sodium 0.1% eye drops in patients with vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). METHODS: A prospective open study was performed in 22 patients with VKC treated with preservative-free diclofenac sodium 0.1% eye drops. Patients used the ...
Laine Loren - - 2003
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Epidemiologic studies suggest nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) increase the risk for lower gastrointestinal (GI) clinical events, but data from prospective trials are lacking. Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-selective inhibitors decrease upper GI clinical events but the effect on lower GI events has not been determined. We performed a post hoc ...
Immer Franz F - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Adequate analgesic medication is mandatory after cardiac operations. Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors represent a new therapeutic option, acting primarily on the response to inflammation. METHODS: We compared a cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor (etodolac) with two traditional drugs: a nonselective cyclooxygenase inhibitor (diclofenac) and a weak opioid (tramadol) on postoperative pain and renal function ...
- - 2003
To evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of nightly sodium oxybate for the treatment of narcolepsy. A multicenter, 12-month, open-label trial. 118 narcolepsy patients previously enrolled in a 4-week double-blind sodium oxybate trial. Patients were administered 6 g sodium oxybate nightly, taken in equally divided doses at bedtime and 2.5 ...
Kim Yongsuk - - 2003
We studied the effect of auricular acupuncture on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). One hundred female patients undergoing transabdominal hysterectomy were entered into the study. The patients were divided into two groups (auricular acupuncture treatment group and non-treatment group) in order to test the effectiveness of auricular acupuncture. There was ...
Aho Mikko - - 2003
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are effective analgesics but their use during tonsillectomy is controversial because of the risk of postoperative bleeding. The aim of this study was to compare the analgesic efficacy and safety of nimesulide, a preferential cyclo-oxygenase type-2 inhibitor, with ibuprofen in the treatment of pain after tonsillectomy. A ...
Chiroli S - - 2003
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are prescribed widely in Italy. They include nonspecific NSAIDs (NS-NSAIDs) and the newly marketed cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-2 specific inhibitors (COXIBs) celecoxib and rofecoxib. The objective of this study was to describe the prescribing patterns for NS-NSAIDs and COXIBs in a local Italian area, analysing an administrative database. ...
Bannwarth Bernard - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety profile of rofecoxib, a selective cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitor, in patients with osteoarthritis who are receiving care in non-hospital practice settings. DESIGN: All patients participating in a large 24-week, open-label, nonpharmacological intervention trial were given rofecoxib for painful osteoarthritis of the knee or hip. They started at ...
Mahler P - - 2003
To evaluate the efficacy of the new diclofenac-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-pyrrolidine gel formulated with lecithin (DHEP lecithin) compared with diclofenac-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-pyrrolidine gel (DHEP gel) without lecithin in mild-to-moderate posttraumatic injuries (grade 1 ankle, knee and muscle injuries), a multicenter, double-blind, controlled study was carried out. A total of 100 patients were enrolled and randomly ...
Sittl Reinhard - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Buprenorphine is a potent opioid analgesic that is available in sublingual and parenteral formulations. A new formulation, buprenorphine transdermal delivery system (TDS), has been developed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the analgesic efficacy and tolerability of the 3 available dosages of buprenorphine TDS (35.0, 52.5, ...
Chan Francis K L - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend that patients at risk for ulcer disease who require treatment for arthritis receive nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that are selective for cyclooxygenase-2 or the combination of a nonselective NSAID with a proton-pump inhibitor. We assessed whether celecoxib would be similar to diclofenac plus omeprazole in reducing ...
Rosted Palle - - 2002
A successful treatment with acupuncture of a patient with Pain Dysfunction Syndrome is presented. The patient developed restricted mouth opening after removal of a third molar in the lower jaw. Despite orthodox treatment no improvement was noticed after three months, and his general practitioner was contacted. After two acupuncture sessions ...
Lozoya Xavier - - 2002
Ancestral medicinal use of guava (Psidium guajava L. Fam. Myrtaceae) is today supported by numerous biomedical studies concerning the properties of leaf extracts. However, insufficient clinical studies are reported on the use of this plant resource in the treatment of gastrointestinal ailments. The present work reports a randomized, double-blinded, clinical ...
Turan A - - 2002
In this study we evaluated the analgesic efficacy and the opioid-sparing effect of rofecoxib in ear-nose-throat surgery patients. Patients undergoing nasal septal or sinus surgery were randomized to receive either oral placebo or rofecoxib 50 mg 1 h before surgery. All patients received propofol 0.8 mg/kg, fentanyl 1 microg/kg, and ...
Baudouin Christophe - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Subclinical conjunctival inflammation has been shown to have a deleterious effect on the outcome of filtering surgery. The study was designed to assess the efficacy and safety of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory ophthalmic solution (preservative-free indomethacin 0.1%) on conjunctival inflammation following chronic application of antiglaucomatous drugs, in comparison with a ...
Allais Gianni - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: In a randomized controlled trial extending over 6 months, we evaluated the effectiveness of acupuncture versus flunarizine in the prophylactic treatment of migraine without aura. METHODS: One hundred sixty women with migraines were randomly assigned to acupuncture treatment (group A, n = 80) or to an oral therapy with ...
Niva M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: It is suggested that pericardial effusions after cardiac surgery can be managed with non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs, but the efficacy of this therapy is not well established. This study was planned to evaluate the efficacy of the prophylactic use of diclofenac in the prevention of pericardial effusion after coronary artery ...
Loewen Peter S - - 2002
The selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors celecoxib and rofecoxib were designed to have similar efficacy but less gastrointestinal toxicity than traditional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Their efficacy has been demonstrated in the treatment of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, postoperative dental pain and dysmenorrhea. These agents produce fewer endoscopic ulcers, symptomatic ...
Wang Shu-Ming - - 2002
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There has been an increased interest in complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies in the scientific literature and the popular press for the last decade. We undertook a survey study to assess the prevalence of CAM therapies in a surgical patient population as well as their interests toward CAM ...
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