Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1040
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White Paul F - - 2007
PURPOSE: Non-opioid analgesics are increasingly used as part of a multimodal regimen for pain management. This prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study was designed to evaluate the effect of short-term postoperative administration of celecoxib on pain management and recovery outcomes following laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: Eighty consenting ASA I-III outpatients undergoing laparoscopic ...
Portenoy Russell K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes associated with the use of controlled-release (CR) oxycodone for up to 3 years in the treatment of noncancer pain. METHODS: Adult patients who previously participated in controlled trials of CR oxycodone for osteoarthritis pain, diabetic neuropathy pain, or low back pain, and who continued to ...
Ulrich C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Actinic cheilitis is a frequent manifestation of actinic dysplasia and requires early therapy to prevent its progression into invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Several therapies are used, ranging from unspecific lesion-adapted destructive techniques (i.e. laser) to ambitious surgical field-management (vermillionectomy). There is increasing awareness of the effectiveness of field ...
Ulrich C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) represents a significant cause of morbidity in organ transplant patients; the relative risk of squamous cell carcinoma and actinic keratosis (AK) is 100 and 250 times higher, respectively, compared with immunocompetent patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 3% ...
Rodriguez René Fernando - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Analgesics are an essential component of the treatment of cancer-associated pain. Pharmacologic treatment is usually begun with nonopioid analgesics, most frequently acetaminophen. If pain relief is not achieved, the so-called "weak" opioids, such as codeine and hydrocodone, may be used in combination with acetaminophen. Adverse effects (AEs) of the ...
Kienzle-Horn Susanne - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chronic constipation is a widespread condition. Although laxatives are generally accepted as being effective treatments, few studies have made formal comparisons of their efficacy and safety in chronic use. OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of bisacodyl and sodium picosulphate in the treatment of chronic constipation over a ...
Ericsson Elisabeth - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of two types of tonsil surgery for 16- to 25-year-old patients, with respect to primary morbidity, snoring, and recurrent infections after 1 year. Teenagers and young adults are a significant proportion (26%) of the population that receive tonsil surgery each year and appear to suffer more pain than ...
Xue Bin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical therapeutic effects of electro-acupuncture in the treatment of cervical spondylopathy of the vertebroarterial type. METHODS: According to the consulting order, the patients were randomly divided into a treatment group (29 cases treated with electro-acupuncture), and a control group (28 cases treated with simple acupuncture). 20 ...
Agarwal Anil - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and side effects of transdermal diclofenac patch with eutectic mixture of local anesthetic (EMLA) cream in attenuating venous cannulation pain. METHODS: Adult ASA I or II patients undergoing elective surgery were randomly divided into three groups of 150 each. Group 1 (Control) patients received a ...
Schröder S - - 2007
The etiology of peripheral neuropathy (PN) often remains elusive resulting in a lack of objective therapeutic strategies. We conducted a pilot study to evaluate the therapeutic effect of acupuncture on PN as measured by changes in nerve conduction and assessment of subjective symptoms. One hundred and ninety-two consecutive patients with ...
Widrig Reto - - 2007
The use of topical preparations for symptom relief is common in osteoarthritis. The effects of ibuprofen (5%) and arnica (50 g tincture/100 g, DER 1:20), as gel preparations in patients with radiologically confirmed and symptomatically active osteoarthritis of interphalangeal joints of hands, were evaluated in a randomised, double-blind study in ...
Laine Loren - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal safety of cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-2 selective inhibitors versus traditional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has not been assessed in trials that simulate standard clinical practice. Our aim was to assess the effects of these drugs on gastrointestinal outcomes in a population that includes patients taking gastrointestinal protective therapy. METHODS: ...
Man Chi Yin - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We compare the analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of oral prednisolone/acetaminophen and oral indomethacin/acetaminophen combination therapy in the treatment of acute goutlike arthritis in patients presenting to an emergency department (ED). METHODS: This is a double-blind, randomized, controlled study in a university hospital emergency department (ED) in the ...
D'Anchise Roberto - - 2007
Objectives: A previously published study comparing the efficacy of comfrey extract to a commercial diclofenac (CAS 78213-16-8) preparation in the treatment of unilateral ankle sprains is critically re-evaluated. The study was designed to show non-inferiority of the comfrey extract. The data were re-evaluated for superiority according to CPMP guidelines. The ...
Beaulieu André D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of controlled-release (CR) tramadol and immediate-release (IR) tramadol in patients with moderate or greater intensity chronic noncancer pain. METHODS: A total of 122 patients underwent washout from all opioids 2 to 7 days before randomization to 1 of 2 ...
Bhomi K K - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of intramuscular injection of 75 mg diclofenac sodium and periprostatic nerve block (PPNB) with 1% lignocaine in controlling pain during transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 120 patients undergoing TRUS-guided prostate biopsies were prospectively enrolled in the study. First, 20 ...
Buyukkurt M Cemil - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a single intramuscular dose of prednisolone and the prednisolone-diclofenac combination on postoperative pain, trismus, and edema after the removal of third molars. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients who were to undergo surgical removal of lower third molars were ...
Reginster J Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of etoricoxib 60 mg once daily and naproxen 500 mg twice daily over a 138-week treatment period in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Two 1-year randomised, double blind, parallel group two-part base studies (part I 12 weeks; part II 40 weeks), followed by ...
Cannon Christopher P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) selective inhibitors have been associated with an increased risk of thrombotic cardiovascular events in placebo-controlled trials, but no clinical trial has been reported with the primary aim of assessing relative cardiovascular risk of these drugs compared with traditional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The MEDAL programme was designed ...
White William B - - 2007
Some nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitors, have been associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) events in recent clinical trials or observational studies. To determine whether the cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitor celecoxib affects CV risk, the incidence of CV events was analyzed in patients treated with celecoxib, placebo, or nonselective ...
Pilatti Gibson Luiz - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Conventional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been widely used in the control of postoperative pain, but sparse information is available on the efficacy of celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, or dexamethasone, a steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, after periodontal surgeries. The purpose of the present study was to compare the use of ...
Thisted Ronald A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pain associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) has a substantial negative impact on patients' quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the tolerability of capsules containing dextromethorphan (DM) and quinidine (Q) in patients with painful DPN. A secondary objective was to perform a ...
Marković Aleksa B - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative pain is a common phenomenon after surgical extraction of lower third molars (LTM), and its successful control is an essential part of routine oral surgery. The aims of the study were twofold: (1) to evaluate the postoperative analgesic efficacy, comparing long-acting and intermediate-acting local anesthetics; and (2) to ...
Aoki Takayuki - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist premedication reduces postoperative pain. In this study, we examined if NMDA antagonist premedication might reduce postoperative pain after oral surgery, testing dextromethorphen. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred eleven patients undergoing mandibular third molar extraction under local anesthesia were included. Patients were randomly allocated into 3 groups. ...
Bondok R S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Several medications are commonly injected intra-articularly for postoperative analgesia after arthroscopic knee surgery. Among the potentially efficient substances, magnesium could be of particular interest through its NMDA-receptor blocking properties. METHODS: A total of 60 patients undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery were randomly and double-blindly assigned to two groups to receive ...
Kearney Patricia M PM Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 - - 2006
To assess the effects of selective cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX 2) inhibitors and traditional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on the risk of vascular events. Meta-analysis of published and unpublished tabular data from randomised trials, with indirect estimation of the effects of traditional NSAIDs. Medline and Embase (January 1966 to April 2005); Food ...
Wong Randolph H L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The role of electroacupuncture in postthoracotomy pain control is uncertain. We conducted a pilot study to evaluate the role of electroacupuncture in the management of early postthoracotomy wound pain. METHODS: A total of 27 patients with operable non-small cell lung carcinoma who received thoracotomy were recruited and randomized to ...
Sjaastad Ottar - - 2006
The first patient with chronic paroxysmal hemicrania has been followed for 45 years, and for 33 years with indomethacin treatment. The headache became less severe with time; there was no indomethacin tachyphylaxis. The first patient with SUNCT was followed for 28 years, until his demise at 89. Pain became worse ...
Likar Rudolf - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Transdermal buprenorphine is available in Europe for the treatment of moderate to severe chronic pain. It has been evaluated at doses of 35, 52.5, and 70 microg/h for the management of moderate to severe chronic cancer and noncancer pain in 3 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials, each of limited duration ...
Chassany Olivier - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a short interactive training program for general practitioners (GP) on pain management in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: A multicenter, parallel-group study. GP were randomized to receive training on relationships and communication, pain evaluation, prescription, and negotiation of a patient contract or to a ...
Alessandri Franco - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare pain management of standard analgesic and standard analgesic plus diclofenac transdermal patch in patients who undergo laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. DESIGN: Randomized prospective study (Canadian Task Force classification I). SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred twenty patients requiring laparoscopic surgery for gynecologic benign diseases. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were ...
Canbay Ozgur - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the preemptive effects of diclofenac sodium, in combination with remifentanil and ketamine. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial was carried out at the Hacettepe University Hospital, Ankara, Turkey from September to December 2004. Forty-three, American Society of Anesthesiology physical status group I-II women, aged >18 ...
Diener Hans-Christoph - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to assess the efficacy of a part-standardised verum acupuncture procedure, in accordance with the rules of traditional Chinese medicine, compared with that of part-standardised sham acupuncture and standard migraine prophylaxis with beta blockers, calcium-channel blockers, or antiepileptic drugs in the reduction of migraine days 26 weeks ...
Colin Joseph - - 2006
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of nepafenac ophthalmic suspension 0.03% and 0.1% for the treatment of postoperative pain and photophobia in patients undergoing excimer photoreactive keratectomy (PRK). In this 7-day, randomized, double-masked, parallel-group trial at 2 sites, patients undergoing PRK surgery were randomly ...
Singh Gurkirpal - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and upper gastrointestinal (UGI) safety of celecoxib, compared with nonspecific nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), among patients with osteoarthritis. METHODS: A total of 13274 osteoarthritis patients from 39 countries were randomly assigned to double-blind treatment with either celecoxib 100 mg twice daily (BID), celecoxib 200 mg ...
Gramke Hans-F - - 2006
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs have been used to obtain preemptive analgesia. We investigated, in this randomized, double-blind study, whether sublingual (s.l.) piroxicam given before was more effective than that given after surgery. Fifty-two patients scheduled for laparoscopic bilateral inguinal hernia repair under general anesthesia were enrolled. Group PRE (25 patients) received ...
Louizos Antonios A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the analgesic efficacy and the opioid-sparing effect of oral rofecoxib compared with intramuscular (IM) ketoprofen in tonsillectomy. METHODS: Seventy-seven adult patients were randomized into 2 groups: group R (n = 39), which received a single oral preoperative dose of rofecoxib 50 mg, and group K (n = ...
Liang Fanrong - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To confirm the clinical therapeutic effects of acupuncture and moxibustion on Bell's palsy. METHODS: 480 cases from 4 hospitals were enrolled for this study, among whom 439 cases completed the whole course of the study. The patients were randomly divided into the following 3 groups, a control group(treated with ...
Brinkhaus Benno - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is widely used by patients with low back pain, although its effectiveness is unclear. We investigated the efficacy of acupuncture compared with minimal acupuncture and with no acupuncture in patients with chronic low back pain. METHODS: Patients were randomized to treatment with acupuncture, minimal acupuncture (superficial needling at ...
El Miedany Yasser - - 2006
BACKGROUND: While traditional nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (t-NSAIDs) are relatively contraindicated in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) for fear of disease aggravation, controlled clinical trials showed that cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitors have fewer gastrointestinal side effects than the t-NSAIDs. Etoricoxib is a new antiinflammatory inhibitor that has high Cox-2 selectivity. OBJECTIVES: To ...
Hubbert Michael - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This randomised, double-blind, parallel group phase II/III study with adaptive two-stage design and interim analysis compared the efficacy and tolerability of spray (containing a Salvia officinalis fluid extract) against placebo in the treatment of patients with acute viral pharyngitis. - STUDY PARTICIPANTS: in two study parts, a total of ...
Shen H - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to investigate the analgesic effects and mechanisms of acetaminophen (paracetamol) in symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. METHODS: Twenty patients with symptomatic OA were randomly allocated to two groups treated with either acetaminophen or rofecoxib for 3 months. Visits and measurements were scheduled upon entry ...
H Attarzadeh; Assistant professor, ...
Background: This study has been conducted to compare anti inflammatory effect of topical diclofenac with topical dexamethason following strabismus surgery. Methods: In this study 50 patients who had undergone strabismus surgery were evaluated. They were divided into two groups randomly. 25 patients received topical 0.1% diclofenac sodium (group A) and ...
Schug Stephan A - - 2006
Postoperative pain requires treatment not only to provide comfort to patients but also to improve postoperative outcome. Anti-inflammatory compounds are an important component of multimodal analgesia in the postoperative period. The newer cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitors are as effective as classical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in this setting. However, COX-2 inhibitors ...
Nazar Halima - - 2006
The purpose of the present research work was to carry out clinical study on primary dysmenorrhea to comparatively examine the coded herbal drug formulation "Dysmo-off" with authentic allopathic medicine "Diclofenac sodium" (NSAIDs). A random controlled clinical trial was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of coded herbal medicinal treatments ...
White A R - - 2006
Acupuncture and related techniques are promoted as a treatment for smoking cessation in the belief that they may reduce nicotine withdrawal symptoms. The objectives of this review are to determine the effectiveness of acupuncture and the related interventions of acupressure, laser therapy and electrostimulation, in smoking cessation in comparison with ...
Linde K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate characteristics and outcomes of patients undergoing acupuncture treatment for osteoarthritic pain under conditions of routine care in the framework of statutory health insurance in Germany. METHODS: Patients with chronic pain due to osteoarthritis (ICD-10 diagnoses M15 to M19) treated with acupuncture as the leading form of therapy ...
Bolcal Cengiz - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study measured the effectiveness of magnesium sulfate during and after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on postoperative pain and respiratory functions, and compared it with 2 other well-known and widely used analgesic agents: codeine and diclofenac, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). DESIGN: Prospective unblinded study. Setting: Single institution. ...
Rosted Palle - - 2005
A 65 year old golfer with the yips was treated with acupuncture at GV20, EX-HN-1 (Si Shen Cong) and TE5. The symptoms disappeared after one treatment and no relapse has occurred in the 24 months' follow up. Although it cannot be determined whether the effect in this case occurred from ...
Filshie Jacqueline - - 2005
Since hormone replacement therapy given for long periods is now recognised to produce serious side effects, patients with troublesome vasomotor symptoms are increasingly using non-hormonal treatment including acupuncture. Several randomised controlled trials have shown that acupuncture reduces menopausal symptoms in patients experiencing the normal climacteric. It may have this effect ...
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