Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1065
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Weiss Hans-Rudolf - - 2008
Today, acupuncture therapy is commonly used for pain control throughout the world, although the putative mechanisms are still unclear. A Pub Med search for the key words "Acupuncture" and "Scoliosis" reveals 3 papers only, not containing any results of studies designed for the treatment of scoliosis with the help of ...
Kose Osman - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Topical diclofenac and imiquimod have been reported to be effective in the treatment of actinic keratosis, but a study to compare these two drugs has not been reported yet. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of topical 3% diclofenac gel plus hyaluronic acid and 5% imiquimod cream in ...
Quercia O - - 2008
Adverse reactions to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a frequently reported problem due to the fact that these molecules are often used for control of pain and inflammation. Although the use of selective inhibitors of cyclooxygenase (COX) 2 helps to prevent some of these adverse reactions, they can have cardiac ...
Nishiike Suetaka - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the analgesic efficacy of preoperative flurbiprofen on postoperative pain after tonsillectomy. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, nonblinded, non-placebo-controlled study. SETTING: Municipal hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty-five ASA physical status I patients older than 20 years of age, who were scheduled for tonsillectomy. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomly allocated to two groups ...
Karabuda Zihni Cuneyt - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The analgesic and anti-inflammatory efficacy of tenoxicam and meloxicam were evaluated in this double-masked, randomized, prospective study by analyzing pain scores and the need for rescue-analgesic agents following dental implant surgery. METHODS: One hundred patients, in whom 241 dental implants were placed, were divided into two groups. For 4 ...
Kayali Cemil - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of paracetamol in comparison with diclofenac sodium. METHODS: Between February - November 2006, a prospective, double blinded, parallel group study of 100 patients suffering from first or second degree lateral ankle sprain within 48-hours of admission in Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey. Patients ...
Nimmaanrat S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the postoperative analgesic efficacy of intravenous tramadol 50 mg administered before anesthetic induction in patients undergoing ambulatory gynecological laparoscopic procedures. METHODS: This was a double-blind randomized, controlled trial conducted in 150 patients. Pain intensity was measured using a verbal numerical rating score at 1, 2, 6, 12, ...
Tuzuner Aysegul Mine - - 2007
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative analgesic affects of preoperative use of a synthetic opioid tramadol and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac sodium for postoperative pain, with placebo, in patients undergoing bimaxillary osteotomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-six orthognathic surgery patients who underwent both Le Fort ...
Munishankar B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated efficacy and side effects of the combination of diclofenac and paracetamol used for pain relief after major surgery. METHODS: After ethical approval, 78 patients, presenting for elective caesarean section, were recruited to this double-blind trial and randomised to receive one of three analgesic modalities: paracetamol, ...
Heaney Mairead - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Tonsillectomy is a common pediatric surgical procedure resulting in significant postoperative pain. There is ongoing controversy as to the most satisfactory analgesic regimen. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are an alternative to opioids in this setting. NSAID use in tonsillectomy has been shown to be opioid sparing in the recovery ...
Djaladat Hooman - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of aminophylline infusion as a painkiller compared with placebo in patients with acute renal colic. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From March to August 2005, 141 patients with clinical renal colic, who were under 60 years of age, had no history of heart or hepatic failure, asthma, ...
Krueger K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: A randomised, double-blind study to compare the gastrointestinal (GI) tolerability, safety and efficacy of etoricoxib and diclofenac in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 4086 patients (mean age 60.8 years) diagnosed with RA were enrolled and received etoricoxib 90 mg daily (n = 2032) ...
Endres Heinz G - - 2007
Acupuncture treatment is frequently sought for tension-type headache (TTH), but there is conflicting evidence as to its effectiveness. This randomised, controlled, multicentre, patient-and observer-blinded trial was carried out in 122 outpatient practices in Germany on 409 patients with TTH, defined as > or =10 headache days per month of which ...
Haake Michael - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To our knowledge, verum acupuncture has never been directly compared with sham acupuncture and guideline-based conventional therapy in patients with chronic low back pain. METHODS: A patient- and observer-blinded randomized controlled trial conducted in Germany involving 340 outpatient practices, including 1162 patients aged 18 to 86 years (mean +/- ...
Shi Hong-fei - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effect of Chinese herbs combined with acupuncture (CH-A) in treating chloasma. METHODS: Sixty-one patients with chloasma were randomly assigned to two groups: 30 in the control group and 31 in the treated group. Both groups received conventional treatment with oral intake of vitamin C and ...
Zhang Wenli - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effects of different acupuncture methods for spastic hemiparalysis due to cerebrovascular disorders. METHODS: 90 cases of spastic hemiparalysis after wind-stroke were randomly divided into a control group of 30 cases, a body acupuncture group of 30 cases and a point-penetrating acupuncture group of 30 cases. ...
Snabes Michael C - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the analgesic efficacy of a multidose, multiday regimen of intravenous (IV) parecoxib sodium (parecoxib). DESIGN: Multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial. SETTING: Postoperative recovery area and inpatient care facility. PATIENTS: 422 patients who had undergone gynecologic surgery via laparotomy participated (day 1), and 414 patients were ...
Likar Rudolf - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In 2001, a transdermal matrix patch formulation of buprenorphine was approved for the treatment of moderate to severe cancer pain and severe pain that is unresponsive to nonopioid analgesics. The primary recommendation contained in the prescribing information was that transdermal patches be worn for a 3-day period before application ...
Benetello V - - 2007
We compared the clinical efficacy of orally administered valdecoxib and piroxicam for the prevention of pain, trismus and swelling after removal of horizontally and totally intrabony impacted lower third molars. Twenty-five patients were scheduled to undergo removal of symmetrically positioned lower third molars in two separate appointments. Valdecoxib (40 mg) ...
Ghiculescu R A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: I.v. paracetamol has recently become available in Australia for the treatment of pain when the oral or rectal administration route is not accessible. Our primary aim was to assess compliance with prescribing guidelines and our secondary aim to evaluate the safety of i.v. paracetamol use (4 g/day) and the ...
Akyol-Salman Ilknur - - 2007
To compare the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of topical pranoprofen 0.1% with diclofenac sodium 0.1% after strabismus surgery, 40 patients were prospectively randomized and assigned into 2 groups. Signs and symptoms of inflammation, as well as intraocular pressure (IOP) of patients, were evaluated at 1 day and 1 and 3 ...
Wang Ruihui - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupuncture therapeutic courses on rheumatoid arthritis. METHOD: Forty-seven patients were treated with acupuncture for 6 courses and at the end of the third and sixth course of treatment, the therapeutic effects of acupuncture on morning rigidity, swelling and pain of joints as well as ...
Wulkow R - - 2007
There are few studies supporting the effective and safe use of laxatives for constipation. This study examined the short-term efficacy and safety of sodium picosulphate in patients with chronic constipation. Patients with a history of chronic constipation for at least 3 months were randomised to receive 7 mg sodium picosulphate ...
Bostanci Seher - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Chemical matricectomy is performed mainly by two agents: phenol and sodium hydroxide. Both agents have excellent cure rates, but there are no data about the comparison of postoperative healing periods. This study was designed to compare the postoperative morbidity rates of sodium hydroxide and phenol matricectomies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Hassantash Seyed A - - 2007
Indomethacin is a known immune modulator that inhibits cyclooxygenase. Studies indicate that ketoconazole, a selective lipoxygenase and thromboxane A(2) synthetase inhibitor, can prevent activation of the inflammatory cascade by inhibition of proinflammatory mediators. This study was designed to determine if ketoconazole or indomethacin could reduce the adverse effects of extracorporeal ...
White Paul F - - 2007
PURPOSE: Non-opioid analgesics are increasingly used as part of a multimodal regimen for pain management. This prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study was designed to evaluate the effect of short-term postoperative administration of celecoxib on pain management and recovery outcomes following laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: Eighty consenting ASA I-III outpatients undergoing laparoscopic ...
Portenoy Russell K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes associated with the use of controlled-release (CR) oxycodone for up to 3 years in the treatment of noncancer pain. METHODS: Adult patients who previously participated in controlled trials of CR oxycodone for osteoarthritis pain, diabetic neuropathy pain, or low back pain, and who continued to ...
Ulrich C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Actinic cheilitis is a frequent manifestation of actinic dysplasia and requires early therapy to prevent its progression into invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Several therapies are used, ranging from unspecific lesion-adapted destructive techniques (i.e. laser) to ambitious surgical field-management (vermillionectomy). There is increasing awareness of the effectiveness of field ...
Ulrich C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) represents a significant cause of morbidity in organ transplant patients; the relative risk of squamous cell carcinoma and actinic keratosis (AK) is 100 and 250 times higher, respectively, compared with immunocompetent patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 3% ...
Rodriguez René Fernando - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Analgesics are an essential component of the treatment of cancer-associated pain. Pharmacologic treatment is usually begun with nonopioid analgesics, most frequently acetaminophen. If pain relief is not achieved, the so-called "weak" opioids, such as codeine and hydrocodone, may be used in combination with acetaminophen. Adverse effects (AEs) of the ...
Kienzle-Horn Susanne - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chronic constipation is a widespread condition. Although laxatives are generally accepted as being effective treatments, few studies have made formal comparisons of their efficacy and safety in chronic use. OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of bisacodyl and sodium picosulphate in the treatment of chronic constipation over a ...
Ericsson Elisabeth - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of two types of tonsil surgery for 16- to 25-year-old patients, with respect to primary morbidity, snoring, and recurrent infections after 1 year. Teenagers and young adults are a significant proportion (26%) of the population that receive tonsil surgery each year and appear to suffer more pain than ...
Xue Bin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical therapeutic effects of electro-acupuncture in the treatment of cervical spondylopathy of the vertebroarterial type. METHODS: According to the consulting order, the patients were randomly divided into a treatment group (29 cases treated with electro-acupuncture), and a control group (28 cases treated with simple acupuncture). 20 ...
Agarwal Anil - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and side effects of transdermal diclofenac patch with eutectic mixture of local anesthetic (EMLA) cream in attenuating venous cannulation pain. METHODS: Adult ASA I or II patients undergoing elective surgery were randomly divided into three groups of 150 each. Group 1 (Control) patients received a ...
Schröder S - - 2007
The etiology of peripheral neuropathy (PN) often remains elusive resulting in a lack of objective therapeutic strategies. We conducted a pilot study to evaluate the therapeutic effect of acupuncture on PN as measured by changes in nerve conduction and assessment of subjective symptoms. One hundred and ninety-two consecutive patients with ...
Widrig Reto - - 2007
The use of topical preparations for symptom relief is common in osteoarthritis. The effects of ibuprofen (5%) and arnica (50 g tincture/100 g, DER 1:20), as gel preparations in patients with radiologically confirmed and symptomatically active osteoarthritis of interphalangeal joints of hands, were evaluated in a randomised, double-blind study in ...
Laine Loren - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal safety of cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-2 selective inhibitors versus traditional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has not been assessed in trials that simulate standard clinical practice. Our aim was to assess the effects of these drugs on gastrointestinal outcomes in a population that includes patients taking gastrointestinal protective therapy. METHODS: ...
Man Chi Yin - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We compare the analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of oral prednisolone/acetaminophen and oral indomethacin/acetaminophen combination therapy in the treatment of acute goutlike arthritis in patients presenting to an emergency department (ED). METHODS: This is a double-blind, randomized, controlled study in a university hospital emergency department (ED) in the ...
Beaulieu André D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of controlled-release (CR) tramadol and immediate-release (IR) tramadol in patients with moderate or greater intensity chronic noncancer pain. METHODS: A total of 122 patients underwent washout from all opioids 2 to 7 days before randomization to 1 of 2 ...
Bhomi K K - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of intramuscular injection of 75 mg diclofenac sodium and periprostatic nerve block (PPNB) with 1% lignocaine in controlling pain during transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 120 patients undergoing TRUS-guided prostate biopsies were prospectively enrolled in the study. First, 20 ...
D'Anchise Roberto R Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milano, - - 2007
A previously published study comparing the efficacy of comfrey extract to a commercial diclofenac (CAS 78213-16-8) preparation in the treatment of unilateral ankle sprains is critically re-evaluated. The study was designed to show non-inferiority of the comfrey extract. The data were re-evaluated for superiority according to CPMP guidelines. The study ...
Buyukkurt M Cemil - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a single intramuscular dose of prednisolone and the prednisolone-diclofenac combination on postoperative pain, trismus, and edema after the removal of third molars. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients who were to undergo surgical removal of lower third molars were ...
Reginster J Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of etoricoxib 60 mg once daily and naproxen 500 mg twice daily over a 138-week treatment period in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Two 1-year randomised, double blind, parallel group two-part base studies (part I 12 weeks; part II 40 weeks), followed by ...
Cannon Christopher P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) selective inhibitors have been associated with an increased risk of thrombotic cardiovascular events in placebo-controlled trials, but no clinical trial has been reported with the primary aim of assessing relative cardiovascular risk of these drugs compared with traditional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The MEDAL programme was designed ...
White William B - - 2007
Some nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitors, have been associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) events in recent clinical trials or observational studies. To determine whether the cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitor celecoxib affects CV risk, the incidence of CV events was analyzed in patients treated with celecoxib, placebo, or nonselective ...
Pilatti Gibson Luiz - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Conventional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been widely used in the control of postoperative pain, but sparse information is available on the efficacy of celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, or dexamethasone, a steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, after periodontal surgeries. The purpose of the present study was to compare the use of ...
Thisted Ronald A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pain associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) has a substantial negative impact on patients' quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the tolerability of capsules containing dextromethorphan (DM) and quinidine (Q) in patients with painful DPN. A secondary objective was to perform a ...
Marković Aleksa B - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative pain is a common phenomenon after surgical extraction of lower third molars (LTM), and its successful control is an essential part of routine oral surgery. The aims of the study were twofold: (1) to evaluate the postoperative analgesic efficacy, comparing long-acting and intermediate-acting local anesthetics; and (2) to ...
Aoki Takayuki - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist premedication reduces postoperative pain. In this study, we examined if NMDA antagonist premedication might reduce postoperative pain after oral surgery, testing dextromethorphen. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred eleven patients undergoing mandibular third molar extraction under local anesthesia were included. Patients were randomly allocated into 3 groups. ...
Bondok R S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Several medications are commonly injected intra-articularly for postoperative analgesia after arthroscopic knee surgery. Among the potentially efficient substances, magnesium could be of particular interest through its NMDA-receptor blocking properties. METHODS: A total of 60 patients undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery were randomly and double-blindly assigned to two groups to receive ...
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