Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1263
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Polanco Antonio - - 2012
Background: Medicaid patients bear proportionately greater financial responsibility for the cost of outpatient care and medication than non-Medicaid patients. We hypothesized that this difference in provision of continuing care would be associated with adverse clinical outcomes after cardiac surgery.Materials and Methods: In a retrospective cohort analysis, 5056 consecutive adult patients ...
Hassan Vatandoost - - 2012
To evaluate the bioefficacy of α-cypermethrin impregnated into long lasting insecticide treated nets (LLITNs-INTERCEPTOR®) against main malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi (An. stephensi). The effectiveness of bed net impregnated with α-cypermethrin (INTERCEPTOR®) with washing was evaluated. The washing procedure and bioassay tests were carried out according to the WHO-recommended methods. Malaria ...
Dangas George G Division of Cardiology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY 10029, USA. - - 2012
This study sought to evaluate the short-, intermediate-, and longer-term outcomes after endovascular versus open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA), including both AAA-related and all-cause mortality. Endovascular stent graft placement for AAA has gained broad acceptance as an alternative to open surgical repair due to a lower perioperative morbidity ...
Hannan Liam M - - 2012
SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: This study identifies factors associated with weaning success and mortality in a cohort of patients admitted to Australia's first specialised ventilation weaning unit. It reports a ward-based model of care that safely achieved a high rate of weaning success for patients who had previously failed to ...
George Timothy J TJ Division of Cardiac Surgery, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2012
Although several studies have examined factors affecting survival after orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT), few have evaluated the impact of reoperative sternotomy. We undertook this study to examine the incidence and impact of repeat sternotomies on OHT outcomes. We conducted a retrospective review of all adult OHT from 2 institutions. Primary ...
Ozgül Sevin - - 2012
To compare the stimulating effect of distraction and 2 different distraction-compression models on maturation of new bone during healing. Thirty adult Sprague-Dawley rats underwent unilateral mandibular osteotomy. The animals were divided into 3 groups. A unidirectional external distraction device was fixed to the mandible. A total of 4 mm of ...
Rathlev Niels K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Massachusetts (MA) instituted a moratorium on ambulance diversion ("No Diversion") on January 1, 2009. STUDY OBJECTIVES: Determine whether No Diversion was associated with changes in Emergency Department (ED) throughput measures. DESIGN: Comparison of three 3-month periods. Period 1: 1 year prior (January-March 2008); Period 2: 3 months prior (October-December 2008); ...
Jo Kyung Il - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The Soonchunhyang University Hospital Bloodless Center was established in 2000, and more than 2000 bloodless surgeries has been performed there since. This study was carried out to analyze the characteristics of patients who underwent bloodless surgery and the influences of postoperative lowest hemoglobin level (Hb(low) ) along with the ...
Feldman Mark - - 2012
C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) are widely used tests of inflammation that sometimes show opposite results. We performed a retrospective cohort study to clarify the frequency and causes of CRP/ESR discordance in adults. Between January and December of 2011, the laboratories of Texas Health Presbyterian ...
Ortiz-Castillo Fátima F General Surgery Department, Hospital Central Dr. Ignacio Morones Prieto, San Luis Potosí, - - 2012
Toxic or fulminant colitis due to Entamoeba histolytica infrequently presents but is very serious. Unfortunately, there are numerous contradictory factors related to mortality. We analyzed several cases of E. histolytica infection to determine the factors related to mortality. We included patients >15 years of age who were histopathologically diagnosed with ...
Schafer Anne L AL Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 4150 Clement Street, 111N, San Francisco, California 94121, USA. - - 2012
PTH therapy improves bone mineral density (BMD) and decreases fractures in postmenopausal osteoporosis, but cost and the burden of daily injections limit its use. We evaluated two novel approaches to the use of 6 months of PTH therapy over 2 yr. We conducted a randomized, double-blinded trial of two combinations ...
Amir Eitan - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: Despite substantial variability in individual risk of skeletal complications, patients with metastatic bone disease are treated with bisphosphonates at the same dose and dosing interval. This study assessed the feasibility of conducting a randomized trial of less frequent bisphosphonate administration in women with breast cancer and low-risk bone metastases. ...
Verdegaal Suzan H M - - 2012
A common treatment of low-grade cartilaginous lesions of bone is intralesional curettage with local adjuvant therapy. Because of the wide variety of different diagnoses and treatments, there is still a lack of knowledge about the effectiveness of the use of phenol as local adjuvant therapy in patients with grade-I central ...
Iikuni Noriko - - 2012
This large-scale postmarketing surveillance of raloxifene (60 mg/day) was conducted to assess the safety and effectiveness of raloxifene for long-term use in postmenopausal Japanese women with osteoporosis. The baseline examination included 6,967 women (mean age, 70.4 years). Participants completed observation after 6, 12, 24, and 36 months of therapy. Adverse drug reactions (ADR) ...
Emadedin Mohsen - - 2012
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressive disorder of the joints caused by gradual loss of articular cartilage, which naturally possesses a limited regenerative capacity. In the present study, the potential of intra-articular injection of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been evaluated in six osteoarthritic patients. Six female volunteers, average age of ...
De Clerck Hugo - - 2012
Conventional treatment for young Class III patients involves extraoral devices designed to either protract the maxilla or restrain mandibular growth. The use of skeletal anchorage offers a promising alternative to obtain orthopedic results with fewer dental compensations. Our aim was to evaluate 3-dimensional changes in the mandibles and the glenoid ...
Mavrogenis Andreas F - - 2012
We retrospectively studied 31 patients with painful bone (15 patients) and soft-tissue (16 patients) hemangiomas treated with 39 embolizations using N-2-butyl cyanoacrylate from 2003 to 2010. The mean tumor size before embolization was 6 cm for bone and 7 cm for soft-tissue hemangiomas. The technique of embolization was the same for bone ...
Chen L - - 2012
Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of MR guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) treatment for bone metastases. Methods: Six patients with scapula (2), humeral head, sacrum, ilium and pubic ramus bone metastases were treated using ExAblate 2000 under MR guidance. In addition to the monthly and annual quality assurance (QA), ...
Li Zhong-Min - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to assess the clinical effect of bone marrow mononuclear cells including mesenchymal stem cell (MSCs) in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: One hundred patients were divided into a study (n=60) or a control group (n=40). Bone marrow mononuclear cells from the same patient were ...
Forni Gian Luca - - 2012
Neridronate is a third generation bisphosphonate with established efficacy in metabolic bone disease. In this randomized, open-label study, 118 adults with β-thalassaemia and bone mineral density (BMD) Z scores ≤-2·0 were randomized 1:1-500 mg calcium with 400 international unis (iu) vitamin D daily or 500 mg calcium with 400 iu vitamin D daily ...
Helbig L - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Core decompression is the standard surgical procedure in the treatment of early stage non-traumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). However, there is still a debate whether decompression in combination with supplementary augmentation by bone grafts, growth factors, or cell implementation is superior to conventional decompression alone. This study ...
Hoffmann Martin F - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to define the efficacy of recombinant human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 (rhBMP-2) and Demineralized Bone Matrix (DBM) compared to autograft in posterior lumbar spine fusion by comparing complication rates. METHODS: During a 7-year period (2003-2009), all patients undergoing posterior lumbar fusion were retrospectively evaluated ...
Ripamonti Carla Ida - - 2012
Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is an adverse event reported in patients receiving cancer treatment, especially bisphosphonates and denosumab. A patient with multiple myeloma who underwent up to 22 intravenous zoledronic acid infusions without previous dental examination developed a devastating ONJ lesion in the right horizontal mandibular ramus. He was ...
Sohn Young Bae - - 2012
Mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI; Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome, OMIM #253200) is a rare disorder involving multiple organs and manifested particularly by severe skeletal abnormalities. Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) improves cardiopulmonary function and facial features, but has limited success in ameliorating skeletal abnormalities and short stature. Here, we report the outcome of ...
Díaz-Soto G - - 2012
Vitamin D nonresponsive hypoparathyroidism is uncommonly seen in the clinical practice. The use of new treatment modalities, including teriparatide administration, provides an alternative requiring its validation. We report the first case of hypoparathyroidism refractory to vitamin D that was successfully controlled for 5 years by teriparatide treatment. A 53-year-old woman ...
Nahles Susanne - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of the present immunohistological investigation was to define and compare the osteogenic potential with the vascularization of the provisional matrix in grafted and ungrafted extraction sockets after 4 and 12 weeks of healing. METHODS: A total of 33 Patients (15 women, 18 men) with 65 extraction sites with ...
Ciana Giovanni - - 2012
Osteopenia is described as a relevant sign of bone involvement in Gaucher disease (GD) both in pediatric and adult patients. Furthermore, abnormal bone metabolism is considered to play a role in growth and pubertal delay. To analyze the long-term effect of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) on bone mineral density (BMD), ...
Blanquer Blanquer Miguel - - 2012
Objective: To assess the safety of intraspinal infusion of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMNC) and, ultimately, to look for histopathological signs of cellular neurotrophism in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. Methods: We conducted an open single arm phase I trial. After six months observation, autologous BMNC were infused into ...
Andriani A - - 2012
Bisphosphonates (BPs) are used intravenously to treat cancer-related conditions for the prevention of pathological fractures. Osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is a rare complication reported in 4-15% of patients. We studied, retrospectively, 55 patients with multiple myeloma or Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia followed up from different haematological departments who developed BRONJ. All ...
Benner Debbie - - 2012
As with other disease states, mineral and bone disorder (MBD) management is challenging and may benefit from more systematic management. To evaluate the effectiveness of a focused campaign to improve MBD outcomes, we compared the percentage of patients meeting 2003 Kidney Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI)-recommended MBD targets between baseline ...
Oliaei Sepehr - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate various presentations and treatment options for spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage originating in the temporal bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data and imaging results for 18 ears (15 patients) presenting with spontaneous CSF leakage originating in the temporal bone were reviewed. ...
Tong X H - - 2012
To describe the skeletal development and abnormalities in turbot Scophthalmus maximus, samples were collected every day from hatching to 60 days after hatching (DAH). A whole-mount cartilage and bone-staining technique was used. Vertebral ontogeny started with the formation of anterior haemal arches at 5·1 mm standard length (L(S) ) c. ...
Sung Hyun Hwan - - 2012
Purpose: To compare percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and open partial nephrectomy (OPN) for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with respect to renal function and mid-term oncological outcome. Materials and methods: From January 2006 to December 2008, 40 (RFA group) and 110 (OPN group) patients underwent RFA and OPN ...
Guo Qi - - 2012
Objective The CURB-65 score is a simple well validated tool for the assessment of severity in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The weight of each criterion in very low-mortality-rate settings is unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the weight in such setting. Methods This study retrospectively reviewed 1,230 adult ...
Sabzi Feridoun - - 2012
The low dose aprotinin consistently reduces blood and transfusion requirement in adults during cardiac surgical procedures but its effectiveness in some ethnical groups were debated and controversy about its effect on mortality and morbidity precludes its routine use. This study was designated to determine whether a low dose of aprotinin ...
Li Jun - - 2012
Immunological arguments and historical examples have shown that treatment with cord blood for non-hematopoietic activities, such as growth factor production and stimulation of angiogenesis, may not require matching or immune suppression. To study the benefit of blood mononuclear cell therapy, 8 patients with idiopathic osteoporosis were given intermittent treatments with ...
Sande Shadreck - - 2012
In 2007, Zimbabwe government distributed rectangular insecticide treated nets in Chipinge District, covering 100% of population at risk. However, malaria morbidity continued increasing from 492/1000 (49.2%) in 2007 to 667/1000 (66.7%) in 2008. A study was conducted in Chipinge District in May 2009 to investigate the use of rectangular insecticide ...
Messenger Louisa A - - 2012
Indoor residual spraying (IRS) is a primary method of malaria vector control, but its potential impact is constrained by several inherent limitations: spraying must be repeated when insecticide residues decay, householders can tire of the annual imposition and campaign costs are recurrent. Durable lining (DL) can be considered an advanced ...
Messenger Louisa A - - 2012
Durable lining (DL) is a deltamethrin-impregnated polyethylene material, which is designed to cover domestic walls that would normally be sprayed with residual insecticide. The operational success of DL as a long-lasting insecticidal substrate will be dependent on a high level of user acceptability as households must maintain correctly installed linings ...
Toqeer Muhammad M Gastroenterology Department, Conquest Hospital, St Leonard's On Sea, UK. - - 2012
A 64-year-old man was admitted with fever, weight loss, fatigue and night sweats. He was known to have rheumatoid arthritis and had been taking methotrexate for 1 year. He had worked in Saudi Arabia until 1994 and had been living in Spain for 6 months every year. Clinical examination showed ...
Ferreira F - - 2011
Self-expanding metallic stents (SEMS) are the treatment of choice for incurable obstructive malignant esophageal strictures. Although the placement of SEMS is usually performed with fluoroscopic control (FC), recently several authors have shown the feasibility of placing SEMS under endoscopic control alone (EC). However, studies comparing the two techniques are lacking. ...
Ding Wen-Yuan - - 2011
Degenerative lumbar scoliosis is common in older patients. Decreased bone density and the degeneration of intervertebral discs are considered to be correlated with degenerative lumbar scoliosis. A means of quantifying the relative signal intensity for degenerative disc disease has not been previously discussed. The purpose of this study was to ...
Loftus Jane - - 2011
Purpose. To describe the use of 3 prostaglandin/timolol fixed combinations (FCs) in UK primary care, to summarize characteristics of recipients, and to assess 12-month persistence. Methods. This retrospective cohort study included first-time recipients of latanoprost/timolol FC, bimatoprost/timolol FC, or travoprost/timolol FC treated between April 1, 2007, and November 30, 2008, ...
Bernardeschi Daniele - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate a continuous facial nerve (FN) stimulating burr (the StimBurGard) during otologic/neurotologic procedures in terms of safety and reliability when drilling in contact with the Fallopian canal (FC) of the mastoid segment of the FN. STUDY DESIGN:: Prospective clinical trial. SETTING:: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS:: Thirty-five patients operated ...
Chang Hung - - 2011
Acquired amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia (AAMT) is an entity characterized by severe thrombocytopenia with a significantly reduced number of megakaryocytes in the bone marrow. AAMT is rare and poorly defined. Therefore, standard treatment is not well established. In general, steroids are considered the frontline treatment while anti-thymocyte globulin and cyclosporine are reported ...
Wald Eric L - - 2011
: The pathophysiology of low-cardiac-output syndrome after cardiopulmonary bypass is incompletely understood, but adrenal insufficiency has been proposed as a contributing factor. Our objective was to examine the effect of cardiopulmonary bypass on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, specifically adrenal responsiveness, in patients with congenital heart disease undergoing surgery. We hoped to ...
Andreassen Mikkel - - 2011
Assessed by conventional echocardiography the influence of growth hormone deficiency (GHD) and effects of replacement therapy on left ventricle (LV) function and mass (LVM) have shown inconsistent results. We aimed to evaluate cardiac function before and during replacement therapy employing the gold standard method cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) and ...
Menucci Maria - - 2011
It has been reported that prolactinomas treated with Bromocriptine (BROM) show fibrosis that may interfere with complete surgical resection. The same has not been reported for Cabergoline (CAB). We retrospectively studied 24 consecutive patients (13 females, mean age 40 years, range 16-60) with histopathologically confirmed prolactinomas undergoing surgical resection at ...
Serefhanoglu Songul - - 2011
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the success rate and effects on survival of different anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) preparations in patients diagnosed with aplastic anemia. Subjects and Methods: Of the total 24 patients included in the study, 12 were male and 12 female with a median age ...
Somers Melissa L - - 2011
Objective. To determine predictors of patient adherence to CPAP. Design. A retrospective chart review identified patients with AHI values greater than 15 who were recommended to receive CPAP. Compliance was measured at a 1-to 4-month interval and at 1 year. Results. There were 106 of 368 (29%) patients who received ...
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