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Singh Jasvinder A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To assess whether income is associated with patient-reported outcomes (PROs) after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: We used prospectively collected data from the Mayo Clinic Total Joint Registry to assess the association of income with index knee functional improvement, moderate to severe pain and moderate to severe activity ...
Almeida Rui M S - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The use of cell saver (CS) in cardiac surgery is proposed to reduce the use of units of packed red blood cells stored (URBC), which increases morbidity, mortality and causes inflammatory reactions. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to evaluate whether the use of CS decreases the use URBC, is cost ...
Barçın Semiha S Anaesthesia and Reanimation Department, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2013
We investigated the effect of Nitrous Oxide (N2O) on controlled hypotension in low-flow isoflurane-dexmedetomidine anesthesia in terms of hemodynamics, anesthetic consumption, and costs. We allocated forty patients randomly into two equal groups. We then maintained dexmedetomidine infusion (0.1μg.kg-1.min-1) for 10minutes. Next, we continued it until the last 30minutes of the ...
Kandagal Ashokaraj S - - 2013
Larvicidal activity of various concentrations of crude aqueous leaf extracts of E. triplinerve were studied against S. litura following the treatment on fourth instar larvae. The results of the total percent mortality (from fourth instar to adult) demonstrated that the mortality rate progressively increased (41.42, 58.57, 69.80, 84.49, 86.77, 90.55, ...
D'Errigo Paola - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Young patients requiring myocardial revascularization are considered at low operative risk, but data on their outcome are scarce. This study was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence and 30-day mortality of patients aged <50 years after isolated coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a multicenter study ...
Koziol James - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The "hybrid procedure" is an alternative surgical palliation strategy for single ventricle congenital heart disease. The purported benefit is improved cognitive ability secondary to avoidance of cardiopulmonary bypass in the neonatal period when neuronal apoptosis is greater. It is unknown whether survival is improved after this procedure. Intraoperative hypotension ...
Sá Michel Pompeu Barros De Oliveira - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To determine if there is any real difference between complete preservation (CP) and partial preservation (PP) of the mitral valve apparatus during mitral valve replacement (MVR) in terms of hard outcomes. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL/CCTR, SciELO, LILACS, Google Scholar and reference lists of relevant articles were searched for clinical ...
Rudbeck Marianne - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Shoulder impingement syndrome is a common musculoskeletal complaint leading to reduced work ability. The aim of the present study was to identify predictors of long-term sick leave benefit and permanent benefits/permanently reduced work ability after arthroscopic subacromial decompression (ASD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 615 individuals undergoing ASD ...
Mitchell Annelies E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite an increasing patient risk profile, in-hospital mortality after aortic valve replacement (AVR) has declined. HYPOTHESIS: Advanced age, concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and increasing comorbidity negatively affect outcomes after AVR and do so particularly in the early months after hospital discharge, where results compare much less favorably ...
Pirracchio Romain - - 2013
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) improves patients' condition in case of cardiogenic pulmonary edema (CPE). However, the impact of CPAP on short-term mortality remains a matter of debate. We aimed at estimating the effect of CPAP on short-term mortality in patients treated for a CPE. We pooled the data from ...
Wynn Julia J Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, - - 2013
To identify clinical factors associated with pulmonary hypertension (PH) and mortality in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). A prospective cohort of neonates with a diaphragm defect identified at 1 of 7 collaborating medical centers was studied. Echocardiograms were performed at 1 month and 3 months of age and analyzed ...
Thorsen Kenneth K Department of Surgery, Stavanger University Hospital, N-4068 Stavanger, - - 2013
To investigate the epidemiological trends in incidence and mortality of perforated peptic ulcer (PPU) in a well-defined Norwegian population. A retrospective, population-based, single-center, consecutive cohort study of all patients diagnosed with benign perforated peptic ulcer. Included were both gastric and duodenal ulcer patients admitted to Stavanger University Hospital between January ...
Mani K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has changed over time, with endovascular repair (EVAR) being the main technical revolution. This study assessed the effect of this change on outcome on a national basis over a 17-year interval. METHODS: Primary infrarenal AAA repairs in Swedish residents aged 50 years and ...
Wu Chao-Ying - - 2013
To determine whether emergent endovascular repair (eEVAR) can be an alternative for anatomically suitable ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAA) in a Chinese population compared to open aneurysm repair (OAR), 36 patients with RAAA undergoing either OAR or eEVAR in National Taiwan University Hospital from 2005 to 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. ...
Henry Antonia J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Major amputation is associated with increased short-term healthcare resource utilization (RU), early mortality, and socioeconomic status (SES) disparities. Our objective is to study patient-specific and SES-related predictors of long-term RU and survival after amputation. METHODS: This retrospective analysis identified 364 adult patients who underwent index major amputation for critical ...
Wolfgang Christopher L - - 2013
  Of the 200 million adults worldwide who undergo noncardiac surgery each year, more than 1 million will die within 30 days.   To determine the relationship between the peak fourth-generation troponin T (TnT) measurement in the first 3 days after noncardiac surgery and 30-day mortality.   A prospective, international ...
Singh-Franco Devada - - 2013
Abstract:To determine effect on surrogate endpoints for cardiovascular disease (CVD), we performed a retrospective chart review of 114 patients seen by a multidisciplinary team that provided primary care services in a mobile clinic over 12 months. Eligible patients had outcomes available for at least six months. Mixed effect modeling examined ...
Kim Hyun Jeong - - 2013
Lactic acidosis is a common cause of high anion gap metabolic acidosis. Sodium bicarbonate may be considered for an arterial pH <7.15 but paradoxically depresses cardiac performance and exacerbates acidosis by enhancing lactate production. This study aimed to evaluate the cause and mortality rate of lactic acidosis and to investigate ...
Fox Matthew - - 2013
While CD4 strongly predicts mortality on antiretroviral therapy (ART), estimates from programmatic data suffer from incomplete patient outcomes. We conducted a pooled analysis of one-year mortality data on ART accounting for lost patients. We identified articles reporting one-year mortality by ART initiation CD4 count. We estimated the average mortality among ...
Aykut Medeni - - 2013
Objective: This study was conducted to determine the dust mite fauna of houses in Bitlis and Muş provinces, the monthly value of mite numbers/g dust, as well as the impact of temperature, humidity and altitude on their numbers. Methods: Dust samples were collected monthly from May 2010 to April 2011 ...
Nannungi Annet - - 2013
Background. Clinical benefits of ART are well documented, but less is known about its effects on economic outcomes such as work status and income in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods. Data were examined from 482 adult clients entering HIV care (257 starting ART; 225 not yet eligible for ART) in Kampala, Uganda. ...
Odhiambo M T O - - 2013
We studied the effect on malaria incidence, mosquito abundance, net efficacy, net use rate, chemical analysis, and holes of a long lasting insecticide treated bed net (Netprotect) in western Kenya, 2007-2010. Nets were hung in 150 households 6 months before they were hung in a second, 2 km away. Indoor resting ...
Rabiner Joni E JE Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospital at Montefiore, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 3315 Rochambeau Avenue, Bronx, NY 10467, - - 2013
Objective. To compare novice clinicians' performance using GlideScope videolaryngoscopy (GVL) to direct laryngoscopy (DL). Methods. This was a prospective, randomized crossover study. Incoming pediatric interns intubated pediatric simulators in four normal and difficult airway scenarios with GVL and DL. Primary outcomes included time to intubation and rate of successful intubation. ...
Metzger-Filho Otto O Division of Women's Cancers, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, 450 Brookline Avenue, Yawkey Building 1238, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2013
This study measured the time taken for setting up the different facets of adjuvant lapatinib and/or trastuzumab treatment optimization (ALTTO), an nternational phase III study being conducted in 44 participating countries. Time to regulatory authority (RA) approval, time to ethics committee/institutional review board (EC/IRB) approval, time from study approval by ...
McAllister David A DA Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Midlothian, Edinburgh, United Kingdom. - - 2013
An aging population and increasing use of percutaneous therapies have resulted in older patients with more co-morbidity being referred for cardiac surgery. Objective measurements of physiological reserve and severity of co-morbid disease are required to improve risk stratification. We hypothesised that FEV1 would predict mortality and length of stay following ...
Moro Carla H C CH Clinica Neurológica de Joinville, Joinville Stroke Registry, University of Joinville Region-Univille, Joinville, - - 2013
In a population-based setting, we aimed to measure the incidence trends of ischemic stroke (IS) thrombolysis, thrombolysis times, proportion of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH), 30-day case fatality and functional outcomes. We also compared the 12-month functional status between thrombolyzed and nonthrombolyzed patients. Using data from the Joinville Population-Based Stroke Registry, ...
Clark Robert E RE Division of Gastroenterology, University of Missouri, Columbia, - - 2013
Quality of bowel preparation prior to colonoscopy is essential. Studies have shown a reduced volume of polyethylene glycol (PEG) with bisacodyl may improve visualization and tolerability, but results have varied. Therefore, a meta-analysis was performed to analyze the efficacy of a low-volume PEG bowel preparation with bisacodyl for bowel preparation ...
Harinarayan Chittari V CV Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism; Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences; Tirupati; Andhra Pradesh, - - 2013
Little if any cutaneous production of vitamin D3 occurs at latitudes above and below 35° N and 35° S during the winter months. It was postulated that those residing in tropics synthesize enough vitamin D3 year round. Several studies have documented the effect of latitude, season and time of the ...
Gual A - - 2012
Background  Prognosis of patients with bullous pemphigoid (BP) is controversial, with a 1-year mortality rate ranging from 6% to 48%. Objective  To determine the mortality rate of a large cohort of patients with BP and to identify prognostic factors associated with early mortality. Methods  Patients diagnosed with BP between January ...
Jämsen Esa - - 2013
High age is associated with increased postoperative mortality, but the factors that predict mortality in older hip and knee replacement recipients are not known. Preoperative clinical and operative data on 1,998 primary total hip and knee replacements performed for osteoarthritis in patients aged ≥ 75 years in a single institution ...
Scali Salvatore T ST Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610-0128, USA. - - 2013
The treatment goals of access-related hand ischemia (ARHI) are to reverse symptoms and salvage the access. Many procedures have been described, but the optimal treatment strategy remains unresolved. In an effort to guide clinical decision making, this study was undertaken to document our outcomes for distal revascularization and interval ligation ...
Vassiliou Timon - - 2012
BACKGROUND:For nerve stimulator-guided regional anesthesia, one has to compromise between a presumed low success rate (using a high-current threshold) and a presumed increased risk of nerve damage (using a low-current threshold). We hypothesized that high-current thresholds in the range of 0.9 to 1.1 mA are not inferior with respect to ...
VanDerhei Jack - - 2012
THE BULK OF 401(K) ASSETS CONTINUED TO BE INVESTED IN STOCKS: On average, at year-end 2011, 61 percent of 401(k) participants' assets was invested in equity securities through equity funds, the equity portion of balanced funds, and company stock. Thirty-four percent was in fixed-income securities such as stable-value investments and ...
Panico C - - 2012
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) became an attractive alternative to surgery for patients with severe aortic stenosis and high operative risk. The first multicenter randomized trial, conducted in such high risk cohort, showed 20% reduction in mortality in the group treated with TAVI compared to those treated with medical therapy ...
Cossetto D J - - 2012
PURPOSE. To examine whether it is safe to continue low-dose (100 mg/day) aspirin perioperatively as a part of standard multimodal venous thromboembolic prophylaxis for total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS. 79 women and 60 men aged 52 to 91 years who underwent THA (n=50) or TKA ...
Melis Gaspar G Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitari Son Espases, Palma de Mallorca, Islas Baleares, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
The prognosis of patients with severe aortic stenosis, low aortic gradient and preserved ejection fraction is controversial. Our study analyzed the prognosis of these patients and its relation to pressure gradient and aortic valve flow. We performed a retrospective cohort study of 363 consecutive patients with severe aortic stenosis and ...
William Nseir - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the impact of daily consecutive measurements of C-reactive protein (CRP) in the initial 2 days of hospitalization on the 30-day all-cause mortality in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: We used 4 different thresholds of fractional decrease (FD) in CRP ...
Lovald Scott T - - 2012
There are little data that quantify the long term costs, mortality, and downstream disease after Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study is to compare differences in cost and health outcomes between Medicare patients with OA who undergo TKA and those who avoid the procedure. The Medicare 5% ...
Illingworth Kenneth D - - 2012
Although inpatient mortality rates following total hip arthroplasty are low, understanding factors that influence inpatient mortality rates are important. Discharge data from the 2007-2008 HCUP Nationwide Inpatient Sample database were used in this study. Patients were identified based on whether they were admitted for a primary total hip arthroplasty and ...
Farges O - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Indications for preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) in the context of hepatectomy for hilar malignancies are still debated. The aim of this study was to investigate current European practice regarding biliary drainage before hepatectomy for Klatskin tumours. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent formal or ...
Pitman Max - - 2012
To examine socioeconomic and clinical factors that may predict a longer interval between prostate biopsy and radical prostatectomy (RP). The Columbia University Urologic Oncology Database was queried for patients who underwent RP from 1990-2010. Time to surgery (TTS) was defined as the period between the most recent positive prostate biopsy ...
Yang Changyong - - 2012
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is commonly described as a risk factor in cardiac surgery; however, the effect of a low left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) on PH has not been assessed. Hence, the study aim was to determine whether PH increases operative mortality and survival outcome in patients with a low ...
Bonatti Johannes - - 2012
Robotic total endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting (TECAB) has been under development for 10 years. With increasing experience and technological improvement, double-vessel TECAB has become feasible. The aim of the present study was to compare the current outcomes of single- and double-vessel TECAB. Between 2001 and 2011, 484 patients underwent ...
Søraas Camilla Lund - - 2012
Elevations of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and cardiac troponin T (cTnT) have an uncertain long-term prognostic value after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. We aimed to test the hypothesis that CK-MB and cTnT are predictors of long-term survival after CABG and to assess which of these 2 biomarkers is the ...
Alasmari Faisal A FA Division of Infectious Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. - - 2012
To determine the incidence of and temporal trends in surgical site infections (SSIs) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. A population-based cohort study was conducted to describe the epidemiologic features of SSI in Olmsted County, Minnesota, between January 1, 1993, and December 31, 2008, using the Rochester ...
Mayer D D Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital of Zurich, Zurich, - - 2012
To present the combined 14-year experience of 2 university centers performing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) on 100% of noninfected ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAA) over the last 32 months. Endovascular aneurysm repair for RAAA feasibility is reported to be 20% to 50%, and EVAR for RAAA has been reported to ...
Chong Carol P - - 2013
To determine whether Emergency Department length of stay (EDLOS) greater than 8 hours (EDLOS > 8 hours) and less than 4 hours (EDLOS < 4 hours) were independently associated with inpatient mortality taking into account patient comorbidities and age; and to determine the impact of EDLOS on inpatient length of stay (IPLOS). ...
Falagas Matthew E - - 2013
We sought to study whether the better pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) properties of carbapenems and piperacillin/tazobactam, when the duration of infusion is longer, were associated with lower mortality. PubMed and Scopus were searched for studies reporting on patients treated with extended (≥3 hours) or continuous (24 hours) versus short-term duration ...
Kim Min Soo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The reinfection rate of Helicobacter pylori has been reported to be low in developed countries but high in developing countries. The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term reinfection rate of H. pylori and to investigate its associated risk factors in South Korea. METHODS: During 2003-2010, H. pylori-positive 970 ...
Goldstein Benjamin A BA Division of General Medical Disciplines, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA 94304, - - 2012
One sixth of US dialysis patients 65 years of age have been diagnosed with atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF). Little is known, however, about the incidence of AF in this population. We identified 258 605 older patients (≥67 years of age) with fee-for-service Medicare initiating dialysis in 1995 to 2007, who had ...
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