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Richardson Arthur J - - 2013
There is an inverse relationship between hospital and surgeon volume and mortality in many types of complex surgery. The aim of this paper is to investigate the volume effect on outcomes of liver surgery. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed. A literature search was conducted using Medline and EMBASE ...
Arthur Katherine R - - 2013
Interhospital transfer (IHT) is associated with mortality in medical and mixed intensive care units (ICUs), but few studies have examined this relationship in a surgical ICU (SICU) setting. We hypothesized that IHT is associated with increased mortality in SICU patients relative to ICU patients admitted within the hospital. We reviewed ...
Yang Shi-Wei SW 12th Ward, Department of Cardiology, Beijing An Zhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Disease, The Key Laboratory of Remodeling-Related Cardiovascular Disease, Ministry of Education, Beijing, - - 2013
To assess the association between fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and all-cause mortality across the spectrum of coronary artery disease (CAD). The study included 18,999 patients during a study period of April 1, 2004, through October 31, 2010. The primary end points were in-hospital and follow-up all-cause mortality. According to the ...
Royds J J Minimally Invasive Surgery Unit, Division of Colorectal Surgery, Adelaide and Meath Hospital incorporating the National Children's Hospital, Tallaght Hospital, Dublin, 24, Ireland. - - 2013
The aim was to compare reversal and laparoscopy with standard reversal of loop ileostomy in terms of hospital stay and morbidity in a randomized study. Patients having reversal of a loop ileostomy were randomized to either standard reversal of ileostomy or reversal and laparoscopy. Strict discharge criteria were applied: toleration ...
Odum Susan M - - 2013
The safety and efficacy of simultaneous or staged bilateral total knee arthroplasty have long been debated among orthopaedic surgeons. Advocates for simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty posit that the benefits of decreased costs and recovery time, with no difference in functional outcomes, outweigh the economic costs of potential complications. The ...
Yeh Chun-Fu - - 2013
Bloodstream infection (BSI) is a serious infection with a high mortality. We aimed to construct a predictive scoring system to stratify the severity of patients with BSI visiting the emergency department (ED). We conducted a retrospective cohort study consisting of patients who visited the ED of a tertiary hospital with ...
Lu K J - - 2013
Infective endocarditis (IE) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. The epidemiology of IE is changing, affecting more elderly patients with increased medical comorbidities. We aimed to assess the ability of the age adjusted Charlson Co-morbidity Index (ACCI) to predict early and late outcomes. Between 1998 and 2010, adult patients ...
Margel David D Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health, Toronto, Canada. - - 2013
To evaluate the association between cumulative duration of metformin use after prostate cancer (PC) diagnosis and all-cause and PC-specific mortality among patients with diabetes. We used a population-based retrospective cohort design. Data were obtained from several Ontario health care administrative databases. Within a cohort of men older than age 66 ...
Carlos Bianco Juan - - 2013
To determine the perioperative predictors of long-term mortality after aortic valve replacement (AVR). The authors hypothesized that perioperative variables are more important predictors of mortality than patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM). A retrospective study of prospectively collected data. A tertiary care university hospital. One-hundred-ninety-nine adult patients who underwent AVR. After Research and ...
Kumar Vijay - - 2013
Background & objectives: Indoor residual spraying (IRS) is a proven tool to reduce visceral leishmaniasis vectors in endemic villages. In India IRS is being done with stirrup pumps, whereas Nepal, Bangladesh, and other countries use compression pumps. The present study was conducted with the objectives to compare the efficiency, cost ...
Callary Stuart A SA Centre for Orthopaedic and Trauma Research, Level 4 Bice Building, University of Adelaide and Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, 5000, South Australia, Australia, - - 2013
A sequentially irradiated and annealed, second-generation highly crosslinked polyethylene (XLPE) liner was introduced clinically in 2005 to reduce in vivo oxidation. This liner design has also been shown to reduce wear in vitro when compared with conventional and first-generation crosslinked liners. To date, there is only one study reporting an ...
Naffaa Mohammad - - 2013
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a proinflammatory cytokine that plays a central role in the pathogenesis of sepsis. We aim to investigate the association between IL-6 and all-cause mortality in patients with sepsis. A cohort of 40 elderly patients with sepsis was identified between March 2009 and June 2010 at Rambam Health ...
Baschnagel Andrew M - - 2013
We compared dependence rates, complications, toxicities and costs associated with prophylactic versus reactive percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement. One hundred and ninety-three patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy were retrospectively reviewed. The one and two-year actuarial PEG tube dependence rate of ...
Smith James L - - 2013
Although preoperative risk assessment for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been evaluated with multiple predictive models, none have incorporated a low level of cardiorespiratory fitness, which represents one of the strongest predictors of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in subjects with and without heart disease. The aim of the present ...
Stähli Barbara E - - 2013
Objectives: In the evaluation of patients considered for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), the EuroScore II might be superior to established risk scores. Methods: We assessed the performance of the EuroScore II in predicting mortality in a cohort of 350 TAVI patients. Results: The EuroScore II and the logistic EuroScore ...
Afsar Baris B Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Konya Numune State Hospital, Konya, Turkey. - - 2013
The relationship between various anthropometric parameters and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients is conflicting. Recently a new anthropometric parameter emerged, namely, body shape index (BSI). BSI is based on waist circumference (WC) but is independent of height, weight, and body mass index in predicting mortality in the general population. The ...
Musallam K M - - 2013
Preoperative anaemia is associated with adverse postoperative outcomes. Data on raised preoperative haematocrit concentration are limited. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of raised haematocrit on 30-day postoperative mortality and vascular events in patients undergoing major surgery. This was a cohort study using the American College of Surgeons National ...
Altunoren Orcun - - 2013
Abstract Background and objectives: Most hemodialysis patients show hemoglobin fluctuations between low-normal and high levels. This hemoglobin variability may cause left ventricle hypertrophy and may increase mortality as well. Recently, many studies were designed to evaluate the effect of hemoglobin variability on mortality but results were conflicting. We aimed to ...
Lok Charmaine E - - 2013
During the past decade, clear trends in the types of incident and prevalent hemodialysis vascular access can be observed. There has been a steady increase and recent stabilizaton of patients initiating hemodialysis with a central venous catheter, representing approximately 80% of all incident accesses. There has also been a steady ...
Tanaka Michio - - 2013
To identify the parameters on noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT) that best predict the success of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). We reviewed the records of 75 patients who underwent SWL for urinary calculi measuring 5 to 20 mm. Using NCCT images, we estimated the largest stone cross-sectional area and contoured the ...
Gong Jun - - 2013
Between January 1994 and December 2011, 165 patients with biopsy-proven adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head were treated in West China Hospital, among whom 93 underwent SPD and 72 had EPD. Complications and survival after the surgery were analyzed retrospectively. The median operation time of the EPD group was longer compared ...
Patel Akshar Y - - 2013
Although the ezetimibe-statin combination has been shown to reduce LDL cholesterol by 12% compared to a statin alone, its effect on hard clinical endpoints such as mortality is less certain. Prior trials evaluated this combination in highly select population groups, but impact on all- cause mortality in the general population ...
Le Ven Florent - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the impact of baseline LV outflow, LV ejection fraction (LVEF) and transvalvular gradient on outcomes following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with severe aortic stenosis. BACKGROUND: Low flow, i.e. reduced stroke volume index (SVi), can occur with both reduced and preserved LVEF. Low ...
Piccoli Giorgina B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Low-protein diets are often mentioned but seldom used to slow chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. The aim of the study was to investigate the potential for implementation of a simplified low-protein diet supplemented with alpha-keto analogues (LPD-KA) as part of the routine work-up in CKD patients. METHODS: In an ...
Braschi Caitlyn D - - 2013
Latinos have a higher rate of mortality and lower rate of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening than most racial groups in the United States. This study examines the predictors of screening colonoscopy (SC) for CRC among Latinos in a patient navigation (PN) intervention. Participants were randomized to either a culturally-targeted PN ...
Nelson James A - - 2013
Warfarin use in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and atrial fibrillation (AF) remains challenging. We describe use of warfarin up to 1 year after hospitalization among patients with AMI and AF according to stroke and bleeding risk, and identify factors associated with long-term mortality in this population. Patients with AMI ...
Qadura Mohammad - - 2013
The objective of this study is to provide an up-to-date meta-analysis on the short- and long-term mortality rates of elective repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) via the open and endovascular approaches. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled trials, conference proceeding from major vascular meetings were searched for ...
Lovald Scott T - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to compare the differences in downstream cost and health outcomes between Medicare hip OA patients who undergo total hip arthroplasty (THA) and those who do not. All OA patients in the Medicare 5% sample (1998-2009) were separated into non-THA and THA groups. Differences in ...
Vanlerberghe Veerle V Unit of General Epidemiology and Disease Control, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium. - - 2013
Evidence on the effectiveness of insecticide-treated curtains (ITCs) for reducing densities of Aedes mosquitoes, the principal vectors of dengue, is scarce. In Laem Chabang southeast of Bangkok, Thailand, the Breteau Index (BI) (number of positive containers/100 houses) was 45 in October 2006. In March 2007, we distributed long-lasting ITCs in ...
Herrmann Howard C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The prognosis and treatment of patients with low flow (LF) severe aortic stenosis (AS) is controversial. METHODS AND RESULTS: The PARTNER trial randomized patients with severe AS to medical management (MM) vs transcatheter (TAVR) aortic valve replacement ("inoperable" cohort) and surgery (SAVR) vs TAVR (high risk cohort). Among 971 ...
Hall K C - - 2013
This study assessed the effects of different retrieval depths (2, 10 or 20 m), surface intervals (none or 15 min) and release methods (untreated, vented or recompressed) on the incidence of external and internal clinical signs of barotrauma (ECSB and ICSB) and post-release mortality in golden perch, Macquaria ambigua (Richardson). Fish were ...
Yang Wei - - 2013
PURPOSE: Erythropoietin (EPO) improves measures of quality of life and reduces transfusions. Clinical trials have reported higher mortality associated with higher hemoglobin targets in varied clinical settings, making difficult the selection of erythropoiesis stimulation strategies in end-stage kidney disease. Observational studies distinguishing an effect of EPO from underlying conditions are ...
Martin Billie-Jean BJ Department of Cardiac Sciences, Libin Cardiovascular Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2013
To assess the association between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and outcomes in a cardiac rehabilitation (CR) cohort. We conducted a retrospective study of 5641 patients (4282 men [76%] and 1359 women [24%]; mean ± SD age, 60.0±10.3 years) with coronary artery disease who participated in CR between July 1, 1996, and ...
Memtsoudis Stavros G SG Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital for Special Surgery, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY, USA. - - 2013
The impact of anesthetic technique on perioperative outcomes remains controversial. We studied a large national sample of primary joint arthroplasty recipients and hypothesized that neuraxial anesthesia favorably influences perioperative outcomes. Data from approximately 400 hospitals between 2006 and 2010 were accessed. Patients who underwent primary hip or knee arthroplasty were ...
Hoffmann Christopher J CJ Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA. - - 2013
To estimate the mortality impact of delay in antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation from the time of entry into care. A state-transition Markov process model. This technique allows for assessing mortality before and after ART initiation associated with delays in ART initiation among a general population of ART-eligible patients without conducting ...
Bernstein Charles N - - 2013
: Standardized mortality rates in ulcerative colitis (UC) are no different than that in the general population. Patients who are older and have more comorbidities have increased mortality. Emergent colectomy still carries 30-day mortality rates of approximately 5%. In more recent studies, UC surgery rates at 10 years from diagnosis ...
Leivseth Linda - - 2013
BACKGROUND: How different Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) classifications of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) predict mortality is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of spirometric GOLD grades and the new ABCD groups with mortality, and to compare their informativeness in relation to mortality. METHODS: We studied ...
Leuck Marlene - - 2013
Background: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of continuous and intermittent methods of enteral nutrition (EN) administration on circadian rhythm. Materials and Methods: Thirty-four individuals, aged between 52 and 80 years, were fed through a nasoenteric tube. Fifteen individuals received a continuous infusion for 24 hours/d, and 19 received ...
Storgaard Merete - - 2013
Background: Severe sepsis and septic shock have a high 30-day mortality (10-50%), but the long-term mortality is not well described. The purpose of this study was to describe long-term mortality among patients with community-acquired severe sepsis or septic shock compared to a population-based reference cohort. Methods: Two hundred and twelve ...
Koene Bart M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The influence of prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) on survival after aortic valve replacement (AVR) remains controversial. In this study, we sought to determine the effect of PPM on early (<= 30 days) and late mortality (> 30 days) after AVR or AVR combined with coronary artery bypass grafting (AVR with ...
Kelekis Alexios - - 2013
PURPOSE: Through a prospective comparison of patients with vertebral fractures and normal population, we illustrate effect of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) upon projection of load distribution changes. METHODS: Vertebroplasty group (36 symptomatic patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures) was evaluated on an electronic baropodometer registering projection of weight bearing areas on feet. ...
Vassileva Christina M - - 2013
Background: The superiority of mitral valve (MV) repair is well established with respect to long-term survival, preservation of ventricular function, and valve-related complications. The relationship between patient income level and the selection of MV procedure (repair versus replacement) has not been studied.Methods: The 2005 to 2007 Nationwide Inpatient Sample database ...
Zayed Abdel Baset B - - 2013
This study evaluated the toxicity and duration of 3 residual insecticides against the Old World sand fly, Phlebotomus papatasi, an important vector of cutaneous leishmaniasis, on 2 types of tent material used by the US military in Afghanistan and the Middle East. Vinyl and cotton duck tent surfaces were treated ...
Khan S A - - 2013
We investigated whether the type of anaesthesia affects mortality and length of stay after non-traumatic major lower extremity amputations. A total of 1365 eligible patients who were operated on between 2002 and 2010 were included in the final analysis. Propensity score matching was used to produce 475 matched pairs of ...
McGovern Paul C - - 2013
In 12 of 13 phase 3 and 4 comparative clinical trials, all-cause mortality was higher in the tigecycline group versus the comparator group. Study-level mortality risk differences were pooled using a random-effects meta-analysis. Statistical models evaluated the association between patient-level all-cause mortality and baseline factors using logistic regression, recursive partitioning ...
Rankin J Scott - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Repair of either the mitral (M) or tricuspid (T) valve in single valve surgery is associated with reduced operative mortality. It is unclear, however, how valve repair influences mortality in combined MT procedures. This topic was evaluated in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons database. METHODS: From 1993 through 2007, ...
Repantis Thomas - - 2013
Between 1994 and 1999, 217 metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasties with a low-carbide bearing surface were performed with use of the cementless Zweymüller SL-Plus stem and the Bicon-Plus threaded cup in 194 consecutive patients. After a minimum follow-up of ten years, 181 living patients (203 hips) were available for evaluation. The ...
Sassoon Adam - - 2013
Patients treated with total hip arthroplasty (THA) for osteoarthritis (OA) and femoral neck fracture (FNF) between 1990-2007 were compared using the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS). In-hospital, post-operative complications and disposition were compared at six-year intervals to establish trends over time. A total of 2,160,061 THAs were performed for OA, ...
Gellis Laura A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Ablation for supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) relies upon fluoroscopy (fluoro), which exposes the patient and staff to ionizing radiation. The objective of this work was to present a new "ALARA-As Low As Reasonably Achievable" protocol with alterations to fluoroscopic x-ray parameters to reduce dose without an electroanatomical (EAM) approach. METHODS: ...
Stather P W - - 2013
Any possible long-term benefit from endovascular (EVAR) versus open surgical repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) remains unproven. Long-term data from the Open Versus Endovascular Repair (OVER) trial add to the debate regarding long-term all-cause and aneurysm-related mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate 30-day and long-term mortality, ...
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