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Results 701 - 750 of 1222
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Imaki T - - 2001
Transsphenoidal surgery is the treatment of choice for ACTH-producing pituitary adenoma (Cushing's disease) and pituitary irradiation is widely considered the most appropriate treatment for patients with Cushing's disease for whom transsphenoidal surgery has been unsuccessful. We studied 49 consecutive patients who underwent transsphenoidal surgery for the treatment of Cushing's disease ...
Stoelinga P J - - 2001
A prospective study was conducted on 82 odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) diagnosed in 80 patients over a 25 year period. The clinical and radiographic data were correlated, which resulted in an accurate picture of the clinical presentation, relationship with teeth and incidence of lingual perforations in mandibular OKCs. In 40% of ...
Touraine P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We wanted to evaluate the very long-term effects of bromocriptine on prolactin (PRL) levels and pituitary tumor size in a large cohort of hyperprolactinemic patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in the Department of Endocrinology from Necker Hospital in Paris, France. Two hundred and forty-six patients consulted ...
A.F.M. Shofiquzzoha
An experiment was conducted in nine earthen ponds each of 0.2 hector. Hatchery produced post larva (PL) of <i>Penaeus monodon </i>(1.14 cm, 0.005 g each) were stocked @ 10000, 12500 and 15000/ha in the treatment T<sub>1</sub>, T<sub>2</sub> and T<sub>3</sub> respectively. Brackishwater finfish species, such as, <i>Liza persia, Mugil cephalus </i>and<i> ...
Eriguchi N - - 2001
This retrospective study presents the results of surgical treatments for large cyst of the liver over 10 cm in diameter in 9 patients diagnosed and treated at Kurume University Hospital. There were 8 women and 1 man, with an average age of 71.6 years. Although the chief complaints were abdominal ...
Agboola-Abu C F - - 2001
This is a case report of a 23 year old female. She had earlier been diagnosed to have Cushing's syndrome due to macronodular adrenal hyperplasia, for which bilateral adrenalectomy was performed three years before. The initial full recovery was sustained for about one and a half years, following which there ...
Rümelin A - - 2001
We compared the onset of predictors for postoperative complications (lactate, total T2 (tT2), total T4 (tT4) and cortisone) retrospectively with the onset of altered growth hormone (GH) concentration in a patient who had had a lethal postoperative outcome and in 13 patients who were without postoperative complications for a period ...
Asano S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Prolactinomas found in male patients show distinct clinical features compared to those in female patients, which may warrant a different treatment strategy. METHOD: To clarify their clinical features and to evaluate the treatment results, specifically the results of surgical treatment and non-surgical treatment solely with oral bromocriptine, we retrospectively ...
Savage M O - - 2001
Seventeen patients with Cushing's disease (CD) were treated from 1978 to 2000. There were 11 males and 6 females aged 6.8-18.8 years (mean age 13.0 +/- 5.9 years). Presenting features were: weight gain (100%); growth failure (71%); hirsutism (53%); striae (53%); hypertension (47%). Mean age of patients with striae was ...
Simon D - - 2001
We assessed linear growth and final height retrospectively in a group of 24 patients suffering from juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) during childhood who had received steroid therapy. In these patients, there was a significant loss of height of more than 2 standard deviations during the first years of the disease, ...
Dimitrov S A - - 2001
The authors studied 100 patients with salivary gland adenomas for a period of ten years (from 1989 to 1999). Different types of adenomas regarding their glandular localization, clinical presentation, the age and the sex of the patients were studied. Different diagnostic methods were applied: medical history, clinical examination, sonography, scintigraphy, ...
Andersen M - - 2001
The secretory capacity, in vivo, of clinically non-functioning pituitary adenomas may possibly predict tumour volume reduction during intensive medical therapy. Ten patients (mean (range) 53 years (26-73)) with clinically non-functioning macroadenomas, > or = 10 mm were studied. The secretory capacity of the adenomas was examined using basal, NaCl and ...
Léger J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prospectively pubertal and predicted adult height progression until final height (FH) or near FH in girls with apparent idiopathic precocious puberty who were not treated. STUDY DESIGN: The decision not to treat at the time of initial evaluation was based on evidence of slowly progressive puberty as ...
Vallette-Kasic S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess the postsurgical outcome of patients with corticotroph microadenomas and to define predictors of the long-term outcome, with special emphasis on markers of tumor extension. DESIGN: Prospective study of 53 corticotroph microadenomas treated by enlarged adenomectomy. Patients followed for at least 2 years were classified into two groups: ...
Biermasz N R - - 2000
Fifty-nine acromegalic patients, transsphenoidally operated by a single neurosurgeon (H.v.D.) were followed for at least 10 yr to assess the late outcome of surgery. Mean follow-up was 16 +/- 0.4 yr (range, 10-22). Criteria for remission were a serum GH concentration below 2.5 microg/L, a normal glucose-suppressed GH (oral glucose ...
Shin Y J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the conservative management in patients with acoustic neuroma (vestibular schwannoma). STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study was performed in a university hospital. PATIENTS: Patients were selected for this wait-and-see policy on the basis of age, general condition, audiometric results, ...
Baldelli R - - 2000
Pharmacotherapy of acromegaly has been improved in recent years as new long-acting somatostatin analogs have became available; they have been suggested as an alternative treatment to pituitary surgery and radiotherapy. To avoid the inconvenience of multiple daily injections during long-term therapy, a slow release formulation of lanreotide (LAN), to be ...
Chanson P - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The most effective option for the medical treatment of patients with acromegaly is the use of somatostatin analogues. Long-acting depot formulations for intramuscular injection of two somatostatin analogues have recently become available: octreotide acetate LAR (Sandostatin LAR, Novartis Pharma AG) and lanreotide SR (Somatuline, Ipsen Biotech). We ...
Nobels F R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to evaluate the effect of prolonged treatment with the dopamine agonist quinagolide on serum gonadotropin and alpha-subunit concentrations and tumor volume in patients with clinically non-functioning pituitary adenomas (CNPA). DESIGN: Ten patients with CNPA were treated with quinagolide (0.3 mg daily). The median duration of ...
Paterson W F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate trends in paediatric growth hormone (GH) prescribing in Scotland. DESIGN: Annual audit of paediatric GH patients, analysed by geographical distribution, diagnosis, age and duration of treatment, dosage, sex ratio and prescribing body. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Paediatric patients receiving GH who attended the four tertiary referral centres in ...
Verhelst J A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Slow-release (SR) lanreotide is a long-acting somatostatin analog that has been developed in order to overcome the inconvenience of multiple daily subcutaneous injections of octreotide, required for metabolic control in acromegaly. Lanreotide SR has been found to be well tolerated and effective in reducing GH and IGF-I levels but ...
Lezoche E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The feasibility, safety, and results of 108 laparoscopic anterior transperitoneal adrenalectomies (six bilateral) were evaluated in a series of 105 patients. Three patients with a preoperative diagnosis of primary adrenal carcinoma were excluded from the study. METHODS: A total of 102 patients were included in the study based on ...
Sonino N - - 2000
Central serotonergic regulation could have a role in the course of pituitary-dependent Cushing's disease. We studied the effects of ritanserin and ketanserin, two related selective 5HT2 receptor antagonists, in 11 patients with Cushing's disease. Treatment lasted from 1 month to 1 year (up to 4 years in one patient). Daily ...
LaFranchi S - - 2000
Determining which patients with childhood-onset growth hormone (GH) deficiency will require continuing GH therapy into and/or throughout adulthood raises clinical and economic issues, such as retesting, appropriate dosing, and the risks and benefits of uninterrupted GH treatment versus the discontinuation of therapy. In his review of the evaluation and management ...
Marks P V - - 2000
Pituitary adenomas, although histologically benign, are not always curable by surgery alone, principally because of dural infiltration, as well as their peculiar anatomical location. Radiotherapy has been employed as an adjuvant therapy to address residual disease with favourable results. This approach is, however, not without side effects, and it cannot ...
Chou S C - - 2000
Ketoconazole is an imidazole derivative used to treat systemic and superficial mycoses by inhibiting sterol synthesis in fungi. The drug impairs steroid hormone synthesis by blocking mitochondrial P450-dependent enzyme systems. Because of its potent inhibitory effects on adrenal steroidogenesis, ketoconazole is valuable in controlling hypercortisolism. We investigated the effects of ...
Schmidt H - - 2000
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of growth hormone (GH) (14 IU/m2/week) on height, body mass index and predicted adult height in children with Prader-Labhart-Willi (PLWS) syndrome and GH deficiency. - By auxological criteria GH deficiency was suspected in 10 patients (age: 7-16 years). In 9 ...
Mummaneni P V - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Providing relief of symptomatic radiculopathy resulting from sacral perineural cysts has proven difficult. Our goal was to improve the treatment of these cysts with microsurgical cyst fenestration and imbrication, while minimizing functional damage to neural tissues. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records for eight adult patients with large (2-3-cm) ...
Orvidas L J - - 2000
The use of the transseptal transsphenoidal approach to the pituitary gland has gained acceptance as a safe, relatively atraumatic means of removing pituitary tumors. The outcome in adult patients has been successful; however, the outcome in pediatric patients whose noses may still be developing is not well described. We reviewed ...
Hokken-Koelega A - - 2000
Several prospective trials have shown that recombinant human growth hormone (GH) accelerates growth significantly during the first years of therapy, but the effects of long-term GH therapy with regard to long-term growth response and safety have not yet been established. Forty-five Dutch prepubertal children [28 boys, 17 girls, mean (SD) ...
Felner E I - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Many protocols for treating children with early B-cell lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia use 28 consecutive days of high-dose glucocorticoids during induction therapy. We prospectively studied the effects of this therapy on adrenal function. STUDY DESIGN: Ten children with early B-cell lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia were evaluated by cosyntropin (corticotropin ...
Slipman C W - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of fluoroscopically guided injection procedures in the nonsurgical treatment of zygapophyseal joint cyst-induced radicular pain. DESIGN: Retrospective study with independent clinical review. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen patients (average age, 60.2 yrs), with an average symptom duration of 18.8 months, were included. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed; patients ...
Di Sarno A - - 2000
To compare effectiveness and tolerability of quinagolide (CV 205-502) and cabergoline (CAB) treatments in 39 patients with prolactinoma. All 39 patients were treated first with quinagolide for 12 months and then with cabergoline for 12 months. A wash-out period was performed in all patients after 12 months of both treatments ...
De Luis D A - - 2000
Quinagolide (QUI) and cabergoline (CAB) are dopamine agonists recently introduced for the treatment of hyperprolactinemia. In the present study, these drugs have been compared in terms of effectiveness and tolerability. Twenty patients (18 females and 2 males) with hyperprolactinemia (8 with microprolactinomas, 6 with idiopathic hyperprolactinemia and 6 with empty ...
Valdemarsson S - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To explore the prognostic value of early - within 1 week - postoperative growth hormone (GH) measurements with regard to outcome after surgery for acromegaly in a short- and a long-term perspective. DESIGN: Retrospective study of patients operated on between 1987 and 1998, including follow-up for up to 60 ...
Caron P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Intramuscular injections of 30mg slow-release (SR) lanreotide (every 10 to 14 days) are an effective treatment in acromegalic patients. Because of an ongoing need to assess the efficacy and the tolerance of a new formulation of a depot preparation of lanreotide, we have evaluated prospectively GH profiles following withdrawal ...
Ruszkowski A - - 2000
Sixty-five children presenting with frontozygomatic (lateral brow) dermoid cysts were operated using an upper eyelid crease incision. There were 38 girls and 27 boys age 3 months to 13 years (mean age, 15 months). The lesions were left sided in 32 patients and right sided in 33 patients. Preoperative radiograph ...
Gollackner B - - 2000
A series of 74 consecutive patients (48 women, 26 men) were operated for abdominal hydatid disease between June 1949 and December 1995. The patients ranged in age from 15 to 81 years (median 49 years). In 69 cases only the liver was affected; two patients had concomitant extrahepatic disease (one ...
Slonim A E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the bowel. In a preliminary study, we evaluated whether the administration of growth hormone (somatropin) as well as a high-protein diet would ameliorate the symptoms of the disease. METHODS: We randomly assigned 37 adults with moderate-to-severe active Crohn's disease to four ...
Nontasut P - - 2000
Comparative treatment of ivermectin in 21 patients (Group 1) and albendazole in 49 patients (Group 2) of gnathostomiasis gave the cure at 95.2% and 93.8% respectively. The ELISA OD and eosinophil counts were reduction after treatment. Side effects in ivermectin were hypotention, dizziness, weakness and diuresis; and side effects of ...
Ishikawa T - - 2000
Laparoscopic adrenalectomy has been rapidly accepted for treatment of benign adrenal tumors. To evaluate the advantages of laparoscopic adrenalectomy, we examined 55 patients who underwent laparoscopic adrenalectomy. In all patients, adrenal tumors were successfully removed. The mean operating time was 143 minutes, and the estimated mean blood loss was 49 ...
Chanson P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of the new somatostatin analogue, lanreotide, in its prolonged released form (PR), in patients with acromegaly. DESIGN: Prospective open multicenter non comparative study. SETTING: Thirty-three university-affiliated medical centers. PATIENTS: One hundred sixteen acromegalic patients with active disease, of whom 58 patients complied with the protocol ...
Pontikides N - - 2000
There are few long-term studies of cabergoline (CAB) administration in patients with macroprolactinomas. All of these studies included different type of patients, such as patients with idiopathic hyperprolactinemia, microprolactinomas and previously treated or untreated macroprolactinomas. We report a study of CAB treatment conducted exclusively in patients with newly diagnosed, untreated, ...
Nagesser S K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The preferred treatment of Cushing's disease (CD) nowadays is transsphenoidal pituitary surgery (TPS). Prior to TPS, patients at the Leiden University Medical Centre were treated by unilateral adrenalectomy followed by external pituitary irradiation (UAPI). We report on long-term results of both UAPI and TPS and compare remission, relapse rates, ...
Er L K - - 2000
PURPOSE: To assess the results of and factors associated with the outcome of surgery for acromegaly. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the medical records of acromegalic patients who underwent trans-sphenoidal adenomectomy at our hospital during the period of January 1991 through August 1997. Preoperative evaluations included measurement of basal serum growth ...
Semple P L - - 2000
Transsphenoidal surgery for Cushing's disease from a pituitary adenoma is an effective and safe treatment. Definitive preoperative diagnosis of Cushing's disease caused by a pituitary adenoma is often difficult, particularly in patients with normal imaging studies and a normal sella turcica. We present the outcome of transsphenoidal surgery in patients ...
Walsh R M - - 2000
Although microsurgery is generally regarded as the conventional treatment of choice for most vestibular schwannomas, there remains a group of patients in whom a conservative management approach may be a desirable alternative. The aim of this study was to determine the natural history and outcome following the conservative management of ...
Gómez J M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Only few previous studies have assessed the effects of long-term growth hormone (GH) replacement therapy on bone mineral density (BMD) in adult patients with GH deficiency. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of long-term GH therapy on bone metabolism and BMD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: At ...
Adan L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The indications and factors affecting the growth in response to treatment with growth hormone (GH) of patients with cranial irradiation-induced GH deficiency remain unclear. PROCEDURE: The adult heights of 56 patients treated with GH (0.4-0.6 U/kg/week) as daily sc injections were analysed. They had been given 18 or 24 ...
Erzurumlu K - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Secondary hydatidosis and recurrence are serious complications in hydatid surgery. Although medical treatment and current surgical techniques are more effective in the prevention of cyst formation resulting from spillage of cystic liquid, secondary hydatidosis is still surgically important. Albendazole, a derivative of benzoimidazole, is the most commonly used drug ...
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