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Results 651 - 700 of 1222
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Carel Jean-Claude - - 2002
To evaluate the efficacy of recombinant growth hormone for increasing adult height in children treated for idiopathic isolated growth hormone deficiency. Observational follow up study. Population based registry. All 2852 French children diagnosed as having isolated idiopathic growth hormone deficiency whose treatment started between 1987 and 1992 and ended before ...
Turna Akif - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Hydatid disease of the lung caused by Echinococcus granulosus is frequently encountered in Mediterranean countries. The ideal surgical method for treating this disease is still unknown. METHODS: Between 1994 and 2001, 71 patients with pulmonary hydatid cysts were treated surgically. There were 41 male and 30 female patients with ...
Hatrick A G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Hypopituitary GH-deficient patients have an increased cardiovascular mortality and GH replacement in this population has resulted in considerable therapeutic benefit. GH replacement involves administration of a potentially mitogenic substance to patients with a previous or residual pituitary tumour. Our objective was to evaluate whether GH replacement results in an ...
Municchi G - - 2002
The authors describe a girl with multisystem Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) who developed central precocious puberty (CPP). At the age of 19 months she presented with otorrhea and polypoid formations in the ear canal; polyps were removed and LCH suspected. She subsequently developed diabetes insipidus with a documented lesion of ...
Porretti Silvia - - 2002
The effect on thyroid function of GH administration to 66 adult patients with severe GH deficiency was studied. Seventeen patients were euthyroid, and 49 had central hypothyroidism and were adequately treated with L-T(4). Forty patients were assigned to a low recombinant human GH (rhGH) regimen (3 microg/kg body wt.d for ...
Ammari Fuad F - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Surgery was virtually the only curative method for hydatid disease until the early 1970s when studies have shown the safety and effectiveness of benzomidazole compounds for the treatment of hydatid cysts. Our aim is to establish the outcome of chemotherapy in the postoperative period on secondary hydatid cyst. METHODS: ...
Desai Ketan I - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Colloid cyst of the third ventricle is a relatively rare intracranial tumor. It generates tremendous interest for the neurosurgeon because of its benign nature, deep location, and an excellent prognosis when diagnosed early and excised. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of 105 cases of third ventricle colloid cyst treated between ...
Padilla Nicolas - - 2002
This study sought to examine whether the administration of quinfamide at 3- or 6-month intervals diminished the frequency of Entamoeba histolytica cysts in stool samples compared to controls. The prospective, longitudinal, randomized, single-blind study examined children from six primary schools in Celaya and Neutla, Guanajuato. Of the 1,524 students in ...
Mul D - - 2002
Early puberty is not well defined in paediatric endocrinology. This chapter reviews the current insights on definitions, patient groups and treatment modalities in girls with early puberty. It is concluded that there is no clear evidence for a beneficial effect of gonadotrophin releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) treatment in auxological terms. ...
Ambrosio Maria Rosaria - - 2002
Recently, a new slow-release (SR) formulation of lanreotide (LAN) comprising 60 mg of the drug incorporated in microspheres of biodegradable polymers (SR-LAN 60) has become available. The aim of our study was to assess the effectiveness of SR-LAN 60, administered every 21 to 28 days, as well as its tolerability ...
Biermasz Nienke R - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of postoperative thyrotrophin releasing hormone (TRH)-induced GH responsiveness in relation to (late) postoperative outcome in patients in remission after surgery for acromegaly. PATIENTS: and methods One hundred and twenty-nine patients underwent surgery for acromegaly in our institution between 1977 and 1996. TRH tests and ...
Lampit Meir - - 2002
During GnRH agonist therapy of patients with central precocious puberty (CPP), growth is sometimes suppressed to subnormal velocity. The working hypotheses were that estrogen levels are suppressed by GnRH agonist therapy below normal prepubertal levels, that such suppression is responsible for the slow growth of girls with CPP during GnRH ...
Murray R D - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Both adult- and childhood-onset GH-deficient adults are prone to osteopenia. Studies of GH replacement have, for the most part, demonstrated increases in bone mineral density (BMD). Previous studies have, however, used GH doses in excess of those currently used in low-dose titration regimens aimed at normalizing the ...
Ciaccio Marta - - 2002
The effect of the dose of oral hydrocortisone on stature growth rate of patients with the salt losing form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia and adequate electrolyte balance was here assessed. Thirty patients (21 girls and 9 boys) were followed longitudinally for 0.52 to 8.64 years, between chronological ages 0.35 and ...
Mericq Verónica - - 2002
The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of treatment with GH with or without LHRH analog (LHRH-A) on bone mineralization of GH-deficient adolescents. We studied 17 pubertal, treatment-naive, GH-deficient patients (10 girls and 7 boys) in a prospective, randomized trial. Mean chronological age and mean bone ...
Audí L - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Epidemiologic and auxologic characteristics of patients treated with GH during childhood and adolescence and entered in a national registry in Catalonia were studied between 1988 and 1997. At the end of 1997, prevalence was 53.2 treatments/100,000 inhabitants aged 0-14 years. Maximum annual incidence rates were observed in 1990 and ...
Vestergaard Peter - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if fracture risk was increased in patients with Cushing's syndrome due to the increased endogenous cortisol production. DESIGN: Cohort. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was mailed to 125 patients with Cushing's syndrome diagnosed between 1985 and 1999 in Denmark. The response of each patient was compared with that ...
Schlösser R - - 2002
In the present study, we investigated the long-term effects of treatment with amisulpride, a substituted benzamide derivative, as compared with the effects of treatment with flupenthixol, a thioxanthene, on the prolactin levels in schizophrenic patients. After completing 6 weeks of medication with either amisulpride or flupenthixol, the patients entered a ...
Verhelst Johan - - 2002
Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) in the adult has now been fully recognised as a clinical entity characterised by abnormal body composition, osteopenia, impaired quality of life, cardiac dysfunction and an adverse lipid profile. While short-term studies of GH replacement have demonstrated irrefutably a favourable effect on all if not most ...
Heijckmann C A - - 2001
Patients with acromegaly, who are not cured after transsphenoidal adenomectomy, may be treated with external irradiation and/or octreotide injections. Recently, a long-acting formulation of octreotide (Sandostatin LAR has become available in clinical practice. We assessed the effects of treatment with this long-acting octreotide in 18 consecutive patients with acromegaly treated ...
Minniti G - - 2001
Patients older than 65 years represent 3-5% of all acromegalic patients. The old age of the patients and the higher incidence of cardiovascular and metabolic complications related to acromegaly could increase the intra- and peri-operative risk, so that medical treatment is usually recommended as a therapy of choice. The aim ...
Estrada J - - 2001
Transsphenoidal microsurgery is the standard treatment for patients with Cushing's disease. However, there is general lack of agreement regarding the definition of cure. We studied 58 patients with corrected hypercortisolism after transsphenoidal surgery for Cushing's disease. Plasma and urinary cortisol levels were measured after surgery. After the postsurgical hypocortisolism stage ...
Shah S - - 2001
The endoscopic transnasal approach is gaining increasing popularity as the surgical method of choice for treatment of pituitary lesions. Previous studies have shown advantages such as quicker recovery and fewer cosmetic, dental, and nasal complications. However, no study has compared the rate of diabetes insipidus (DI) between the traditional and ...
Reiter E O - - 2001
Treatment of naive children with GH deficiency has relied upon long-term replacement therapy with daily injections of GH. The daily schedule may be inconvenient for patients and their caregivers, possibly promoting nonadherence with the treatment regimen or premature termination of treatment. We studied a new sustained release GH formulation, administered ...
Drake W M - - 2001
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Pegvisomant is a pegylated analogue of human GH and functions as a potent GH receptor antagonist. This novel mode of action gives it the potential to achieve biochemical control in patients with acromegaly whose disease activity cannot be satisfactorily controlled by conventional therapy. We have documented the clinical details ...
Brunt L M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) has become the preferred method of removal of most adrenal neoplasms, but few studies have evaluated the functional outcomes of this approach. The purpose of this study was to analyze our operative results and the clinical and biochemical responses to LA in patients with various hormonally ...
Bureau N J - - 2001
PURPOSE: To determine the imaging characteristics of lumbar facet joint synovial cysts after percutaneous treatment with steroid injections and distention of the cyst and to correlate these findings with the clinical outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical outcome and imaging findings were retrospectively studied in 12 patients (four men, eight women) ...
Yasawy M I - - 2001
Both benzimidazoles (albendazole) and isoquineline compounds (praziquantel) have activity against. We reviewed the efficiency of benzimidazole and isoquineline in the management of hepatic Echinococcus in our clinical cases and the other laboratory and animal studies. Until recently, surgery was the only treatment of choice. Albendazole introduction and its early results ...
Minniti G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Transsphenoidal surgery results in biochemical remission of acromegaly in 45-80% of patients; however, few studies have addressed the impact of transsphenoidal surgery on cardiovascular function in acromegalic patients. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the effects of postoperative GH/IGF-I normalization on echocardiographic parameters and blood pressure ...
Chu J W - - 2001
An extremely ill patient, with Cushing's syndrome caused by an ACTH-secreting pituitary macroadenoma, experienced complications of end-stage cardiomyopathy, profound psychosis, and multiple metabolic disturbances. Initially treated unsuccessfully by a combination of conventional surgical, medical, and radiotherapeutic approaches, he responded dramatically to high-dose long-term mifepristone therapy (up to 25 mg/kg x ...
Abe T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible impact of pretreatment with octreotide on different subtypes of GH-secreting pituitary adenomas and on the outcome of transnasal surgery. METHODS: We reviewed a consecutive series of 90 acromegalic patients treated with octreotide alone before transnasal surgery. On the basis of magnetic resonance imaging, the tumours ...
Höybye C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study retrospectively long-term outcomes of patients with adrenocorticotropic hormone-producing pituitary tumors that were treated with stereotactic Leksell gamma knife unit radiosurgery. METHODS: Eighty-nine patients aged 5 to 67 years were treated between 1976 and 1985. Eighteen patients aged 18 to 68 years (mean age, 41 yr) were followed ...
Manavela M P - - 2001
The empty sella turcica is defined as the extension of the subarachnoid space toward the intrasellar region with displacement of the pituitary towards the posteroinferior wall. By autopsy studies, the incidence in the general population is around 20%. The association of Cushing's disease (CD) and empty sella has been infrequently ...
Noordam C - - 2001
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of continuous and discontinuous growth hormone treatment in Noonan's syndrome (NS) on linear growth and bone maturation. Thirty-seven children with NS aged between 5.4 and 17.5 y were treated with growth hormone (GH) in a dose of 0.15 IU kg)(-1) ...
Lund J N - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In the USA and many other countries, endoscopic surveillance of colorectal adenoma patients is now widely practised. However, the optimal frequency and mode of such surveillance are not yet established. The aim of this trial was to compare surveillance at one, two, or five year intervals using ...
Beentjes J A - - 2001
Growth hormone (GH) replacement may inhibit 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11betaHSD1) activity, resulting in diminished conversion of cortisone to cortisol. Moreover, GH replacement may lower bioavailability of hydrocortisone tablets. Therefore, substitution therapy with cortisone acetate could be disadvantageous during GH replacement. We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled GH replacement (1 to ...
Vidil A - - 2001
During a period of 6 years to 11 years, the authors have been following six girls with scoliosis and treated with growth hormone (GH) for a growth insufficiency. The treatment with GH started after the discovery of the scoliosis for five patients. Three curve progressions have been observed, but always ...
Shimon I - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Transsphenoidal surgery is the preferred treatment modality for growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary adenomas. In many series, the reported postoperative remission is based mainly on achievement of GH levels less than 2 ng/ml. Strict criteria for insulin-like growth factor I normalization and even lower GH levels (<1 ng/ml) are now ...
Leong K S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Growth hormone (GH) deficiency is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Abnormalities in heart rate variability (HRV), a surrogate marker of cardiac autonomic tone, have also been found in untreated growth hormone deficient (GHD) patients. Similar abnormalities have been found in patients with complications postmyocardial infarction. DESIGN AND ...
Colao A - - 2001
The effects of a 12- to 24-month treatment with depot long-acting octreotide (OCT-LAR) on hormone profile, tumor mass, and clinical symptoms were reported in 36 patients with active acromegaly [GH, 34.2 +/- 5.6 microg/L; insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), 784.5 +/- 40.4 microg/L]. Fifteen patients were de novo whereas 21 ...
Caron P - - 2001
The presence of somatostatin receptors on TSH-secreting pituitary adenomas allows treatment of central hyperthyroidism with somatostatin analogs. Six women and 5 men (mean +/- SEM age, 43 +/- 3 yr) presented TSH-secreting pituitary adenomas (micro, n = 2; macro, n = 9). Seven patients had previously been treated with partial ...
Bramswig J H - - 2001
Short stature is one of the main features of Turner syndrome. Today, most patients are treated with growth hormone (GH) to improve adult height. We have reviewed the literature reporting adult height in patients with Turner syndrome treated with GH alone or in combination with oxandrolone. The reported adult heights ...
Perry B P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine if an "observation" protocol with serial scanning is a safe and effective management paradigm for acoustic neuromas in the elderly. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case review was performed. SETTING: This study was performed in an academic, tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Forty-one patients over the age of 65 ...
Aparicio T - - 2001
A few studies have suggested an antitumour activity of somatostatin analogues in neuroendocrine tumours (NET). The aim of this study was to evaluate the antitumour efficacy of somatostatin analogues in patients with documented progressive tumours. 35 consecutive patients with documented tumour progression were treated with somatostatin analogues. Patients were classified ...
Kirk J M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Growth hormone (GH) has been used to promote growth in both the short and long term in a number of dysmorphic syndromes, including Turner syndrome. As this condition shares many clinical features with Noonan syndrome, it would seem logical to treat the latter group with GH. AIMS: To assess ...
Backeljauw P F - - 2001
Eight children with GH insensitivity syndrome were treated with recombinant human insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) (80--120 microg/kg sc twice daily) for 6.5--7.5 yr. We previously reported that height velocity (HV) improved with treatment (from mean pretreatment HV of 4.0 cm/yr), to 9.3 cm/yr for the first year and 6.2 ...
Attanasio R - - 2001
New depot somatostatin analogs such as lanreotide-slow release (LAN) represent a significant improvement in the medical treatment of acromegaly. Seventy-three consecutive acromegalic patients, treated by LAN, were evaluated in a retrospective monocentric study. Sixteen were excluded from further evaluation due to combined treatment with dopamine agonist drugs, early LAN withdrawal ...
Rivers E P - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To examine the incidence and response to treatment of adrenal insufficiency (AI) in high-risk postoperative patients. DESIGN: Prospective observational case series. SETTING: Large urban tertiary-care surgical ICU (SICU). PARTICIPANTS: Adults > 55 years of age who required vasopressor therapy after adequate volume resuscitation in the immediate postoperative period. ...
Thussu A - - 2001
Use of Albendazole therapy for the treatment of patients having persisting intracranial solitary cysticercus granuloma is controversial. Most of the times these patients are treated empirically with variety of drugs for variable period. Some authors advocate biopsy before definitive treatment. 25 patients having radiologicaly persistent solitary cysticercus granuloma (>6 months) ...
Kaplan F J - - 2001
A retrospective analysis was conducted to examine the long-term outcome of surgery, by a single pituitary surgeon and radiotherapy for acromegaly at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, using modern criteria for the definition of cure. Seventy-two patients (F/M ratio 1.3:1), aged 16-74 years, were eligible for inclusion. The mean follow-up ...
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