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Mora-Soler A - - 2014
Background: the duodenum is the most common location for ectopic varices. Bleeding is rare, but when it appears, it is massive and difficult to control.Material and methods: retrospective description of five clinical cases of digestive bleeding secondary to duodenal varices that we observed between the years 2011 and 2012, together ...
Navas-López V M - - 2014
Objectives: to describe the efficacy and safety of adalimumab (ADA) in inducing clinical remission and reducing inflammation of intestinal mucosa in children with Crohn´s disease (CD).Methods: we carried out a descriptive, observational study with all patients diagnosed with CD and treated with ADA between January 2007 and March 2013. Disease ...
Fujii Tatsuya T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, - - 2014
Opioids improve pain from knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA) and decrease the functional impairment of patients. However, there is a possibility that opioids induce analgesia and suppress the physiological pain of OA in patients, thereby inducing the progression of OA changes in these patients. The purpose of the current study ...
Suzuki Koichi K Department of Surgery, Saitama Medical Center, Jichi Medical University, Saitama 330-8503, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to present a retrospective review of 42 metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients treated using the XELIRI regimen as second-line chemotherapy during the period between 2010 and 2012. Patients were treated with capecitabine, 1,600 (≥65 years) or 2,000 mg/m(2) (<65 years), on days 1-15, ...
Engelhardt Tod C TC Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Louisiana Heart, Lung and Vascular Institute, East Jefferson General Hospital, 4228 Houma Blvd Ste 300, Metairie, LA, 70006, USA, - - 2014
Submassive pulmonary embolism (PE) represents a patient population that is under-recognized and under-treated. Recent clinical trials demonstrated the hemodynamic benefit of IV thrombolytic therapy among these patients; however, it came at the cost of a significantly increased risk of major, particularly intracranial, hemorrhage. Catheter-based treatment modalities have garnered considerable clinical ...
Galvão Violeta Régnier VR Division of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, University of São Paulo Medical School, Rua Doutor Bacelar, 747 ap 81, Vila Clementino, 04026-001, São Paulo, SP, Brazil, - - 2014
Perioperative anaphylaxis is a life-threatening condition with an estimated prevalence of 1:3,500 to 1:20,000 procedures and a mortality rate of up to 9 %. Clinical presentation involves signs such as skin rash, urticaria, angioedema, bronchospasm, tachycardia, bradycardia, and hypotension. Prompt recognition and treatment is of utmost importance to the patient's prognosis, ...
Saulyte Trakymiene Sonata S Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania; Centre for Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Children's Hospital, Affiliate of Vilnius University Hospital Santariskiu Klinikos, Vilnius, - - 2014
There are two main modes of replacement therapy for haemophilia patients: either to stop bleeding (on-demand) or regular infusions of clotting factor to prevent bleeds (prophylaxis). Fifty yr of clinical experience have provided evidence of the superiority of prophylaxis by showing a reduction in bleeds and development of arthropathy. Prophylaxis has ...
Cestaro G G Unit of General Specialistic and Mini‑invasive Surgery Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy - - - 2014
This prospective study was done to evaluate the efficacy of commercial fibrin glue application in the healing of patients with fistulas-in-ano from a short follow up period (one year). This randomized clinical trial of 26 patients was performed during the period from January 2012 to July 2012. Nineteen men and ...
Liang W T WT Department of Vascular Surgery Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University Xicheng District, Beijing, P. R. China - - - 2014
Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) and Stretta radiofrequency (RF) are used as main alternative strategies to manage medication-refractory GERD. This study was therefore prospectively evaluated outcomes of patients with refractory GERD 5 years after LNF or Stretta RF. A total of 215 consecutive patients with refractory GERD underwent LNF (N.=102) and ...
Arimoto Atsushi A Department of Ophthalmology, Kanazawa Medical University, Ishikawa, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of 2% rebamipide suspension in treatment of keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) in patients with Sjögren syndrome (SS) with or without punctal occlusions. Thirty patients with SS, diagnosed based on the presence of autoantibodies and/or focus score >1 on lip biopsies, with ...
Gungor Ugurlucan F F Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Division of Urogynecology, Istanbul University Istanbul Medical School, Istanbul, Turkey - - - 2014
Aim of the study was to compare the effects of outpatient clinic-based versus home-based intravaginal electrical stimulation (ES) for the treatment of urinary incontinence. Women applying with the complaint of urinary incontinence and offered ES treatment were divided into outpatient clinic-based or home-based ES. Patients were instructed about home-based ES ...
Xing Shuxing S Second Department of Orthopedics, Ürümqi General Hospital, Lanzhou Command, Ürümqi, Xinjiang 830000, P.R. - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of various decellularization methods on the histological and biomechanical properties of rabbit tendons. In total, six chemical reagents, including 1% t-octyl-phenoxypolyethoxyethanol (Triton-X 100), 0.5% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), 1% tri-n-butyl phosphate (TnBP), 1% Triton-X 100 + 0.5% SDS, 1% ...
Pierce John Thomas - - 2014
Traditionally, microvascular decompression (MVD) for treating trigeminal neuralgia (TN) has been performed using a microscope. Endoscopic microvascular decompression (E-MVD) is a newly accepted variation of this procedure. The endoscope improves the field of vision, and facilitates an easier dissection and placement of Teflon. It provides the advantage of better visualizing ...
Smith Justin S - - 2014
Adults with spinal deformity present with pain and disability. Our objective was to compare outcomes for op and nonop treatment for adult spinal deformity (ASD) based on a prospective, multicenter patient population. Multicenter, prospective analysis of consecutive ASD patients. Inclusion criteria: age >18 year and ASD. Propensity scores were used ...
Yang Wuyang - - 2014
Previous studies have suggested that deep and posterior fossa locations are associated with propensity to hemorrhage and poor functional outcomes in brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM) patients. Few studies have stratified risks within these locations. We therefore sought to clarify hemorrhage risk and functional outcome variations in AVMs that share the ...
Visscher Marty O MO Skin Sciences Program, Division of Plastic Surgery, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA; Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients and clinicians use skin color attributes such as color uniformity, color distribution, and texture to infer physiologic health status. Normalization of skin color, surface texture, and height are important treatment goals in the treatment of scars. Skin color, structure, and response to trauma, vary with ethnicity. The incidence of ...
Kim Seung Kwon SK 1 All authors: Division of Interventional Radiology, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, 510 S Kingshighway Blvd, Campus Box 8131, St. Louis, MO - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to evaluate our experience with the use of endovascular treatments for superior mesenteric artery (SMA) pseudoaneurysms using covered stents. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Between 2002 and 2011, six patients (mean age, 41.7 years; range, 23-65 years) with SMA pseudoaneurysms were treated percutaneously with the ...
Krasiński Z Z Department of General and Vascular Surgery Medical University, Poznań, Poland - - - 2014
Ovarian cancer (OC) is associated with a high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in both, pre- and postoperative period. The aim of the study was to analyse the efficacy and the safety of an early prophylaxis with dalteparin in patients with OC qualified to surgery. The prospective, non-randomized study was ...
Jeong Jae H JH *Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Republic of - - 2014
Lasers have been proposed as an alternative treatment for axillary osmidrosis. This study aimed to investigate the use of a neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser with a wavelength of 1,444 nm for treating axillary osmidrosis. Eighteen patients with axillary osmidrosis who underwent an operation with a 1,444-nm wavelength laser were included in this ...
Moubasher Alaa E A AE *All the authors are affiliated with the Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Andrology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, - - 2014
Melasma is a common disorder of facial hyperpigmentation that is often resistant to treatment. To evaluate the efficacy of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) peeling in comparison with double frequency Q-switched neodymium-doped:yttrium aluminum garnet (QS-Nd:YAG) laser in the treatment of melasma. Sixty-five adult Egyptian female patients with melasma were enrolled in this ...
Kubiak Marlena M Departments of *Cosmetology and Esthetic Dermatology; †Cosmetic Raw Material Chemistry, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland; ‡Dr Irena Eris Centre for Science and Research, Warsaw, - - 2014
Chronic solar irradiation results in both morphological and functional changes in affected skin. Superficial peels have been shown to improve all symptoms of photodamaged skin. This study was designed to compare the efficacy and tolerability of glycolic acid (GA, 70%) with trichloroacetic acid (TCA, 15%) for the treatment of photoaging. ...
Xie Yun Y Shanghai, People's Republic of China; and Munich, Germany From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine; and Hand, Plastic, and Aesthetic Surgery, Department of General, Trauma, Hand, and Plastic Surgery, University of - - 2014
Botulinum toxin type A has been increasingly used to improve the lower face contour in masseter hypertrophy. Different dosages and injection techniques are suggested in the literature, but the ideal approach remains unclear. This study aimed to establish an objective masseter classification method for a personalized botulinum toxin type A ...
Okegawa Takatsugu T Department of Urology, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan - - 2014
To assess whether zoledronic acid (ZOL) adds to the effect of combined androgen blockade (CAB) in patients with hormone-naive bone metastatic prostate cancer. Patients were treated with either a combination of CAB (luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist and bicalutamide) and ZOL (CAB-Z group) or CAB-alone (historical control patients, CAB-C group). ZOL ...
Yoshida Ken K Department of Radiology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki City, Osaka, - - 2014
To longitudinally examine the late vaginal mucosal reactions in patients following high-dose-rate brachytherapy (BT). We examined late vaginal mucosal reactions in 100 patients using the modified Dische score at 6, 12, 18, 24, 36, and 60 months after treatment, which consisted of 37 interstitial BTs and 63 conventional intracavitary BTs, ...
Rinsma Nicolaas F NF Departments of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Maastricht, The - - 2014
Electrical stimulation therapy (EST) of the lower esophageal sphincter is a relatively new technique for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) that may address the need of GERD patients, unsatisfied with acid suppressive medication and concerned with the potential risks of surgical fundoplication. In this paper we review available ...
Yri H M HM Danish Headache Center, Department of Neurology, Glostrup Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Glostrup, - - 2014
Our aim was to prospectively describe the course of headache during the first year of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Patients with newly diagnosed IIH were consecutively included from December 2010 to June 2013. Treatment according to standard guidelines was initiated. Headache history was obtained by headache diaries and standardized interviews ...
Otsuki Hideo H Nagakubo hospital, urology, Kunitachi, Japan ; - - 2014
Objectives: To assess the long-term durability of Photoselective Vaporization of the Prostate (PVP) for symptomatic benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) or obstruction (BPO) and treatment efficacy for large BPE. Methods: 457 patients with symptomatic BPE underwent PVP between January 2006 and April 2009. Efficacy was evaluated with IPSS, QOL score, urinary ...
Proctor Steven L - - 2014
Objective: This study sought to compare the effectiveness of the 3 most commonly prescribed maintenance medications in the United States indicated for the treatment of opioid dependence in reducing illicit drug use and retaining patients in treatment. Method: Data were abstracted from electronic medical records for 3,233 patients admitted to ...
Caltik Yilmaz Aysun A Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Dr. Sami Ulus Children Hospital , Ankara , - - 2014
Abstract Background: The prognostic factors, the outcome and the most favorable treatment regimen are not entirely known for children with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN). MPGN is a rarely observed disease more prevalent in adolescents, so we aimed to review the clinical and histological properties, treatments and the outcome of our patients ...
Nucci Paolo P University Eye Clinic San Giuseppe, San Giuseppe Hospital, University of Milan , Milan , Italy - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the five-year stability of frontalis suspension of the upper eyelid with a silicone band for the treatment of severe congenital ptosis in infants. Methods: Chart review of pediatric patients with a follow-up of five years after unilateral frontalis suspension with silicone band was reviewed. Margin-reflex distance ...
Shiber Shachaf S Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Hospital, Department of Emergency Medicine, Petah Tikva, Israel ; - - 2014
Background: Glucocorticoid (GC) therapy has been shown to prevent Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) progression following radioiodine (RAI) treatment. However, the optimal regimen is controversial with studies from recent years suggesting the use of lower doses and shorter GC treatment courses. Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and ...
Parlar B B Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Bern (Inselspital), University of Bern, Bern, - - 2014
Telangiectasias of the lower extremities are very common. There are no blinded, randomized, controlled clinical trials comparing laser modalities with the gold standard sclerotherapy, while the few available studies encompass small patients cohorts. This prospective, randomized, open-label trial compares the efficacy of sclerotherapy with polidocanol vs. long-pulsed neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium ...
Moore Grant H GH Department of Oculoplastic Surgery, Jules Stein Eye Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
An 87-year-old man with a history of relapsing polychondritis presented to the emergency department after 4 days of worsening left periorbital swelling and erythema. On examination, he demonstrated clinical features consistent with orbital cellulitis and was treated with a trial of intravenous antibiotics. His condition did not improve over the ...
Hill T L TL The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2014
Benign urethral obstructions (BUO) in dogs result in substantial morbidity because of challenges with conventional therapies. Treatment of malignant urethral obstructions with intraluminal urethral stents is reported to successfully relieve obstructions. To evaluate the efficacy and outcome of urethral stent placement for treatment of BUO in dogs. Eleven client-owned animals ...
Stromps Jan-Philipp JP *Department of Plastic Surgery, Hand Surgery, Burn Center, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany; †The Unit of Plastic Surgery, Carmel Medical Center, Haifa, - - 2014
A variety of therapeutic procedures for treating keloids have been previously reported, with varying success and recurrence rates. As a monotherapy, intralesional cryosurgery has yielded convincing clinical results. We combined intralesional cryosurgery with the application of topical silicone gel sheeting. In this retrospective study, which was conducted between 2008 and ...
Burri Christian C Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland; University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; Kinshasa School of Public Health, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Medicines for Malaria Venture, Geneva, - - 2014
Cases of delayed hemolytic anemia have been described after treatment with injectable artesunate, the current World Health Organization-recommended first-line drug for the treatment of severe malaria. A total of 350 patients (215 [61.4%] < 5 years of age and 135 [38.6%] ≥ 5 years of age) were followed-up after treatment ...
Rusu Irene M IM *Department of Ophthalmology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York; †Vitreous Retina Macula Consultants of New York, New York, New York; ‡Department of Ophthalmology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York; §Edward S. Harkness Eye Institute, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York; ¶LuEsther T. Mertz Retinal Research Center, Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital, New York, New York; and **Regeneron, Tarrytown, New - - 2014
To assess for change in intraocular pressure (IOP) in neovascular age-related macular degeneration patients switched to aflibercept after receiving previous treatments of intravitreal bevacizumab or ranibizumab. This is a retrospective chart review of the first 53 patients (53 eyes) treated with at least 2 injections of 2 mg in 0.05 ...
Dzakpasu Mawuli M Centre for Water Resources Research, School of Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering, Newstead Building, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland, - - 2014
Due to the nature of the phosphorus (P) removal mechanisms associated with constructed wetlands, the sustainability of P treatment is usually of high interest. As a result, a 4-year dataset from a typical multi-celled integrated constructed wetland (ICW) located at Glaslough in Co. Monaghan, Ireland was evaluated to determine the ...
Darawankul Budsakorn B Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Phramongkutklao Hospital and College of Medicine, 315 Rajavithee Road, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence and prognostic factors of clinical remission in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The Thai Army Rheumatoid Arthritis Cohort (TARAC) patients were included if baseline data were available. Clinical remission was defined as 28-joint count disease activity scores (DAS28) <2.6 in ...
Roozeboom M H MH Department of Dermatology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, the Netherlands; GROW Research Institute for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the - - 2014
A recent non-inferiority randomised controlled trial (RCT) indicated that imiquimod can be considered as superior to methylaminolevulinate photodynamic therapy (MAL-PDT) in treatment of superficial basal cell carcinoma (sBCC). Knowledge of treatment effectiveness in subgroup of patients is of great value in clinical practice to select the most effective treatment for ...
Virgili A A Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche, Sezione di Dermatologia e Malattie Infettive, Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Ferrara, - - 2014
Evidence on the treatment of plasma cell vulvitis (PCV) is scarce and comparative studies are lacking. To assess and compare the effectiveness and safety, on a long-term basis, of three topical interventions for the treatment of PCV. Retrospectively collected efficacy and safety data of a cohort of PCV patients treated ...
Kim Lily H LH Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Stanford University Medical Center, 750 Welch Road, Suite 210, Palo Alto, CA, 94304, USA, - - 2014
Data on usage of antiviral therapy and application of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) management guidelines in different settings are limited. Our goal is to evaluate the proportion of treatment-eligible patients by 6-month follow-up and treatment rate among eligible patients by 12-month follow-up in diverse settings. In this retrospective cohort study, ...
Watanabe Shinya S Katsuta Hospital Mito GammaHouse, - - 2014
Object Recently, an increasing number of patients with brain metastases, even patients over 80 years of age, have been treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). However, there is little information on SRS treatment results for patients with brain metastases 80 years of age and older. The authors undertook this study to ...
Kollewe Katja K Movement Disorders Section, Department of Neurology, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany, - - 2014
Botulinum toxin (BT) therapy is the treatment of choice for blepharospasm (BPS). Currently available BT type A drugs include Botox(®), Dysport(®) and Xeomin(®). Until now, there are few long-term studies on BT therapy for BPS. This is the first long-term study comparing all three major BT drugs. We collected treatment, ...
Lucky M M Wirral University Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation - - 2014
To review outcomes of the treatment of carcinoma in situ of the penis at a large supra-regional penile cancer network, where centralisation has permitted greater experience with treatment outcomes, and suggest treatment strategies. The network penile cancer database which details presentation, treatment and complications was analysed from 2003-10, identifying patients ...
Zhong Shu-Xia - - 2014
Abstract Background. The long-pulsed 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser is effective for treating port-wine stain (PWS). This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of Nd:YAG laser in treating PWS in Chinese patients. Methods. A retrospective study of 130 PWS patients treated with long-pulsed 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser from 2009 to 2011. Results. After ...
Ogura Yuichiro Y Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Science, Nagoya, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate intravitreal aflibercept for treatment of macular edema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). Randomized, double-masked, phase 3 study. 177 patients with macular edema secondary to CRVO were randomized to receive 2 mg intravitreal aflibercept (n=106) or sham (n=71) every 4 weeks for 20 weeks. From weeks 24 ...
Metsaars W P WP Department of Orthopaedics and Walaeus Library, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature evaluating treatment outcome for supination deformity in obstetric brachial plexus injury. We included studies on brachial plexus and supination deformity with follow-up of at least one year and quantitative measurements of forearm mean passive pronation and position at rest. Meta-analysis ...
Basura Gregory J GJ Division of Otology/Neurotology, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann - - 2014
To compare the efficacy of treatments commonly offered to patients with Ménière's disease who fail conservative medical therapy including diuretics and a sodium-restricted diet. This study compared three second-echelon treatments: the Meniett device, endolymphatic sac decompression, and intratympanic gentamicin injections to determine their comparative effectiveness and capacity to mitigate against ...
Navarrete-Sanchis Javier J Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Universitario de La Ribera, Crtra Corbera, Km. 1, 46600, Alzira, Spain, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to assess whether the outcome of pars plana vitrectomy for the treatment of cystoid non-tractional diabetic macular edema is stable and durable. A prospective longitudinal analysis of central macular thickness and visual acuity was performed, using repeated-measures ANOVA, in 22 subjects with cystoid diabetic ...
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