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Results 351 - 400 of 9734
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Wiedel Anna-Paulina AP a Research Fellow, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Skane University Hospital, Malmö, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To compare and evaluate the stability of correction of anterior crossbite in the mixed dentition by fixed or removable appliance therapy. Material and Methods: The subjects were 64 consecutive patients who met the following inclusion criteria: early to late mixed dentition, anterior crossbite affecting one or more incisors, ...
Akl Elie A EA Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut, Riad El Solh St, Beirut, - - 2014
Cancer increases the risk of thromboembolic events in patients including those receiving anticoagulation treatments. To compare the efficacy and safety of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and oral anticoagulants for the long-term treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with cancer. We conducted a comprehensive search for studies of anticoagulation ...
Schneider David F DF Section of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, USA, - - 2014
Persistent or recurrent hyperthyroidism after treatment with radioactive iodine (RAI) is common and many patiedlxnts require either additional doses or surgery before they are cured. The purpose of this study was to identify patterns and predictors of failure of RAI in patients with hyperthyroidism. We conducted a retrospective review of ...
Nair Rueben R Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 676 N St Clair Street, Suite 1350, Chicago, IL, 60611, - - 2014
Although lumbar discectomy for treatment of lumbar disc herniation in the general population generally improves patients' pain, function, and validated outcomes scores, results of treatment in elite athletes may differ because of the unique performance demands required of competitive athletes. We performed a systematic review to answer the following questions: ...
Samson S L SL Medical Director, The Pituitary Center, Baylor St. Luke's Medical Center, Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, - - 2014
Cushing's disease is a rare condition of chronic hypercortisolism caused by an adrenocorticotropic hormone-secreting pituitary adenoma and associated with debilitating complications and excess mortality. Transsphenoidal adenomectomy is generally first-line treatment but is contraindicated in some patients and associated with significant post-surgical recurrence. While there are few data to support long-term ...
Li Chunbo C Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Feng Lin Road No. 180, XuHui District, Shanghai, 200032, People's Republic of - - 2014
Spinal epidural fibrosis and adhesion are implicated as one of the key factors of failed back surgery syndrome, which may cause dura mater compression or peridural tethering, resulting in persistent backache and leg pain. Various materials or drugs have been used to inhibit formation of epidural fibrosis and reduce the ...
Kjaergaard Krista Dybtved KD Department of Renal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark; Institute of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) declines during long-term dialysis treatment. In peritoneal dialysis, blockade of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system reduces GFR decline. Observational studies suggest that similar treatment may preserve kidney function in hemodialysis (HD). A multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded trial, with 1-year follow-up. Adult HD patients with urine output >300mL/24h, HD ...
Sun Jingmin J Department of Interventional Radiology and Vascular Surgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College, Xuzhou 221006, - - 2014
To evaluate the safety and clinical efficacy of warfarin anticoagulation following balloon dilation alone for the treatment of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) complicated by old inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis. From January 2008 to November 2013, 19 BCS patients complicated with old IVC thrombosis were treated with balloon dilation followed by ...
Li Bing B Sichuan Key Laboratory of Medical Imaging, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong, China; Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong, - - 2014
The study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of the combination of chemonucleolysis and psoas compartment block (PCB) for the treatment of lumbar disc herniations (LDHs) and to explore the role of PCB in managing postoperative pain of collagenase injection. Two groups of patients (N = 192) were treated in different ways, ...
Lorente J J Servicio de Otorrinolaringología (ORL), Hospital Vall - - 2014
Objective: We aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of ciprofloxacin plus fluocinolone acetonide (antibiotic plus corticosteroid) ear drops compared to ciprofloxacin (antibiotic) ear drops in diffuse otitis externa. Methods: This was a multicentre, randomised, parallel-group, double-blind study involving 590 patients of both sexes aged 7 years or older. Results: The rate ...
Faber Kenneth Dale KD University of Southern California, Urology , 1441 Eastlake Ave , Suite 7416 , Los Angeles, California, United States , 90089 , (323) 865-3700 ; - - 2014
Introduction and Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel robotic tissue ablation system (PROCEPT AquablationTM System, PAS), in performing prostate ablation in a survival canine model. Methods: This novel technology uses a high-velocity saline stream delivered that aims to selectively ablates prostatic glandular tissue while sparing collagenous ...
Lee Gun Woo GW Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Armed Forces Yangju Hospital, Yongam-ri, 49-1, Eunhyeon-myeon, Yangju-si, 482-863, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
Generalized joint laxity (GJL) has been associated with spine-related disorders such as lower back pain, accelerated disc degeneration, and recurrence after discectomy surgery for primary lumbar disc herniation (p-LDH). GJL might be a causative factor of p-LDH, but this relationship is poorly understood. In addition, the impact of GJL on ...
Kwon Hyunwook H Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Ulsan College of Medicine and Asan Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
Although dysfunctional radiocephalic arteriovenous fistulas (RCAVFs) are typically treated surgically, the endovascular approach is also considered suitable. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the cumulative patency rates following surgical and endovascular salvaging of dysfunctional RCAVFs, and to evaluate whether the maturity of vascular access sites at the ...
Sun Jingcheng J Department of Orthopedics, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin Heping District, Anshan Road 154, Tianjin 300052, PR - - 2014
We describe two surgical strategies for treating thoracic spinal stenosis (TSS) with ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF) and dural ossification (DO), and discuss their postoperative efficacy. From January 2004 to June 2008, 147 patients underwent TSS surgery. Thirty three of those with intraoperative evidence of OLF and DO were ...
Pericas Juan M JM Infectious Diseases Service, Hospital Clínic, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess changes in antibiotic resistance, epidemiology, and outcome among patients with Enterococcus faecalis infective endocarditis (EFIE) and to compare the efficacy and safety of the combination of ampicillin and gentamicin (A+G) with that of ampicillin plus ceftriaxone (A+C). The study was a retrospective ...
Ito Tomoyasu T Department of Gastroenterology, Juntendo University Nerima Hospital, 3-1-10 Takanodai, Nerima-ku, Tokyo 177-8521, Japan. - - 2014
To compare the pharmacokinetics of RF ablation with chemolipiodolization using cisplatin (CDDP) powder and miriplatin (MPT) in a porcine liver. Twelve pigs were divided equally into four groups. After each CDDP powder-lipiodol suspension (n=6;: groups A and B) or MPT-lipiodol suspension (n=6;:groups C and D) was injected into the lateral ...
Dijkstra Siebren S Department of Urology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the - - 2014
To monitor systemic disease activity, the potential of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) bears great promise. As surrogate for CTCs we measured KLK3, PCA3, and TMPRSS2-ERG messenger RNA (mRNA) in the peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) fraction from a castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patient cohort and three control groups. Moreover, biomarker ...
Hong Sang Duk SD Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 81 Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 135-710, - - 2014
Immunosuppression after liver transplantation (LT) increases complications from infection. The usefulness of sinonasal evaluation before LT has not been fully evaluated. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of routine sinonasal evaluation before LT and pre-transplant treatment of sinusitis. The clinical records of 982 adult patients (age ...
Kashii Masafumi M Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan, - - 2014
Surgical treatment of osteoporotic vertebral collapse (OVC) with neurological deficits presents significant clinical challenges because some patients have fragile bones and often have medical comorbidities, which affect the severity of osteoporosis. We hypothesized that clinical results of surgery in these patients depend on the extent of medical comorbidities that induce ...
Deniz Uzuner F F Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Gazi University, Biskek Cd. (8.Cd.) 82.Sk. No:4, 06510, Emek, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the skeletal and dental effects of the EVAA appliance with those of an activator appliance in growing children with skeletal Class II anomalies. A total of 34 subjects with Class II anomalies were recruited for this study. They were divided into three groups: the EVAA ...
Lee Yoon Se YS Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Vocal fold paralysis (VFP) is a frequent complication of surgery of mediastinal structures. This study evaluated the characteristics and short-term treatment outcomes of injection laryngoplasty for unilateral VFP (UVFP) induced by mediastinal lesions. The enrolled patients (n = 60) underwent injection laryngoplasty once because of UVFP and were divided into two groups ...
Lévy-Sitbon Célia C Service de Dermatologie, Hôpital Robert Debré, CHU de Reims, Reims, - - 2014
Background: Recently, a consensus Bullous Pemphigoid Disease Area Index (BPDAI) was proposed to measure therapeutic outcomes in bullous pemphigoid (BP). Objective: To compare BPDAI with other clinical parameters of disease activity at baseline and to describe the variations of BPDAI during the initial phase of treatment. Methods: Thirty BP patients ...
Jara-Palomares Luis L Medical Surgical Unit of Respiratory Diseases, Hospital Virgen del Rocío, CIBERES, Seville, - - 2014
Randomized clinical trials have demonstrated non-inferiority of rivaroxaban compared with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Our objective was to analyze in real life, tolerance, recurrence, bleeding and adverse events of rivaroxaban in patients with acute symptomatic VTE. Open follow-up study of a cohort of ...
Patel Vikas V - - 2014
Interspinous spacers are a minimally invasive surgical alternative for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) unresponsive to conservative care. The purpose of this prospective, multicenter randomized, controlled trial was to compare 2-year clinical outcomes in patients with moderate LSS treated with the Superion(R) (Experimental) or the X-Stop(R), a FDA-approved interspinous ...
Morasiewicz P P Wrocław Medical University, Department and Clinic of Orthopaedic and Traumatologic Surgery, ul. Borowska 213, 50556 Wrocław, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
One of the many uses of the Ilizarov fixator is for torsional deformities correction. Rotational and translational bone displacement related to torsional deformities correction includes the additional tension stresses, which affect the biology of the regenerated bone. Understanding the clinical factors will assist in designing the optimal treatment strategy, thus ...
Jianhui Zhao Z *Department of Plastic Surgery, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi; and †Department of Plastic Surgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
Progressive facial hemiatrophy, also called Parry-Romberg syndrome (PRS), is characterized by slowly progressive atrophy of one side of the face and primarily involves the subcutaneous tissue and fat. The restoration of facial contour and symmetry in patients affected by PRS still remains a challenge clinically. Fat graft is a promising ...
Lu Cong C aDivision of Cardiology, Chengdu First People's Hospital, Chengdu, China bDepartment of Evidence-Based Medicine Center & Clinical Epidemiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, - - 2014
Immunosuppressive treatment for myocarditis is controversial. Several small-scale randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reported inconsistent outcomes for patients with myocarditis. We searched on the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases for articles in English language between January 1966 and May 2013, as well as on the China National Knowledge Internet (CNKI, 1979 ...
Kappler Matthias M Children's University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Lindwurmstr. 4, 80337 Munich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patient dependent parameters to predict the long-term success of early eradication treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa have not yet been defined. For this purpose we assessed serum antibodies against P. aeruginosa in CF patients after early eradication treatment. Retrospective analyses of all consecutive patients with first P. aeruginosa detection 2005 to ...
Emr Bryanna M BM 1Department of Surgery, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse NY 2Department of Biology, SUNY Cortland, Cortland NY 3Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester, Rochester NY 4Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester - - 2014
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is a common cause of organ failure with an associated mortality rate of 40%. The initiating event is disruption of alveolar-capillary interface causing leakage of edema into alveoli. Hypothesis: Electroporation mediated gene delivery of epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and Na,K-ATPase into alveolar cells would improve ...
Fermon S S Centro Oftalmológico Interlomas, Universidad Anáhuac, Ciudad de México, México. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe the results of the meibomian gland probing as a treatment of severe posterior blepharitis. Prospective, longitudinal study of patients with signs and symptoms of severe posterior blepharitis, who were treated with meibomian gland probing in Centro Oftalmológico Interlomas (CENOFI). A total of 16 patients were included, 62.5% female ...
Millet Ingrid I From the Departments of Radiology (I.M., A.R., C.A., F.C.D., E.P., P.T.) and Biostatistics (N.M.), Hôpital Lapeyronie, CHU Montpellier, 371 Avenue du Doyen Gaston Giraud, Montpellier 34295, France; Department of Radiology, Fondation Hôpital Saint Joseph, Paris, France (M.Z.); and CIC Inserm 2001, University of Montpellier I, Montpellier, France (I.M., - - 2014
Purpose To identify computed tomographic (CT) findings that are associated with the effectiveness of nonsurgical treatment in patients with adhesive small-bowel obstruction (SBO) that was initially treated medically. Materials and Methods The local institutional review board approved this retrospective study; the informed consent requirement was waived. Multi-detector row CT studies ...
Golbasi Ilhan I Cardiovascular Surgery, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey, - - 2014
Varicose veins, associated with great saphenous vein (GSV) incompetence, are traditionally treated with conventional surgery. In recent years, minimally invasive alternatives to surgical treatment such as the endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) and radiofrequency (RF) ablation have been developed with promising results. Residual varicose veins following EVLA, regress untouched, or phlebectomy ...
Bulgheroni Erica E Dipartimento di Biotecnologie e Scienze della Vita, Università degli Studi dell'Insubria, Varese, - - 2014
To compare the clinical, objective and radiographic long-term results of patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) lesion and partial medial meniscus defects, treated with ACL reconstruction and partial medial meniscectomy or medial CMI implant. Seventeen patients treated with combined ACL reconstruction and medial CMI and 17 patients treated with ACL ...
Hashemi H H Noor Ophthalmology Research Center, Noor Eye Hospital, Tehran, - - 2014
PurposeTo compare the visual outcomes between PRK-MMC and phakic IOL in patients with more than 8 diopter (D) of myopia.MethodsThis comparative study was performed on 23 eyes under treatment with Artiflex (group A) and 23 eyes under treatment with PRK-MMC (group B). Artiflex phakic IOL (Ophtec BV) was used in group ...
Ogiwara Hideki H Division of Neurosurgery, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, - - 2014
Object Endoscopic choroid plexus coagulation (CPC) with or without endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has been shown to be effective for selected patients with hydrocephalus. However, whether the effect of the coagulation is temporary and the choroid plexus regenerates or can be obliterated has remained largely unknown. The authors evaluate the ...
Mizrakli Tulay T Department of General Surgery, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2014
Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare benign inflammatory disease of the breast. It can mimic breast carcinoma clinically and radiologically, and usually affects females of childbearing age. There is no commonly accepted optimal treatment for IGM. In this study, we present the clinical and histopathological features and outcomes of ...
Alassar Aiman A Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Derriford Hospital, Plymouth, UK - - 2014
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'which patients should be on renin-angiotensin system blockers after coronary surgery?' Using the reported search, 12 papers represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date and country ...
Yap Desmond Y H DY Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, - - 2014
Calcineurin inhibitors are effective immunosuppressants. They also reduce proteinuria in glomerular diseases but are potentially nephrotoxic. Short-term data suggest that tacrolimus (TAC) combined with corticosteroids is effective in LN, but long-term data are lacking. This study examined the long-term outcomes and tolerability of TAC for the treatment of LN. We ...
Woods Barrett I BI University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Dept of Orthopaedic Surgery, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Retrospective matched cohort study. To compare mortality in elderly patients with odontoid fractures following operative and non-operative treatment. Additionally, to evaluate potential factors that may increase the risk of mortality in the geriatric population following odontoid fracture. Odontoid fractures represent the most common cervical spine fracture in patients over 70. ...
Bajwa Asima A *Massachusetts Eye Research and Surgery Institution, Cambridge, Massachusetts; †Ocular Immunology & Uveitis Foundation, Cambridge, Massachusetts; and ‡Harvard School of Medicine, Cambridge, - - 2014
To report the treatment outcomes of the fluocinolone acetonide intravitreal implant (0.59 mg) in patients with birdshot retinochoroidopathy whose disease is refractory or intolerant to conventional immunomodulatory therapy. A retrospective case series involving 11 birdshot retinochoroidopathy patients (11 eyes). Eleven patients (11 eyes) underwent surgery for fluocinolone acetonide implant (0.59 ...
Balkan Ilker Inanç II Department of Infectious Diseases, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul 34098, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Blood stream infections (BSIs) due to carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are associated with high hospital mortality rates and present a tremendous challenge to clinicians. The optimal treatment remains undefined. We aimed to investigate the risk factors for mortality and the correlation between different treatment modalities and outcomes. The clinical characteristics and ...
Garcia Hector H HH Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Neurológicas, Lima, Peru; Department of Microbiology, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru; Center for Global Health Tumbes, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru. Electronic address: - - 2014
Neurocysticercosis causes a substantial burden of seizure disorders worldwide. Treatment with either praziquantel or albendazole has suboptimum efficacy. We aimed to establish whether combination of these drugs would increase cysticidal efficacy and whether complete cyst resolution results in fewer seizures. We added an increased dose albendazole group to establish a ...
Jean-Marie Quintard Q * Medical and Surgical Intensive Care Unit (JMQ, OB, FT, OdM, LB, FL), Centre Hospitalier de Perpignan, Perpignan, - - 2014
To test the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of partial extracorporeal CO2 removal (PECCO2R) using a standard continuous renal replacement (CRRT) device with a paediatric oxygenation membrane introduced into the circuit in a serial manner. In this retrospective single-centre study we have studied mechanically ventilated patients with persistent significant respiratory acidosis ...
Al-Mutairi Nawaf N Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait, Kuwait, - - 2014
Nail psoriasis is relatively difficult to treat. Excimer laser has been approved for the treatment of psoriasis since 2000. Pulsed dye laser (PDL) in psoriasis therapy has shown good response rates, with extended remissions. This is the first study assessing both the excimer and PDL lasers in nail psoriasis. In ...
Kelly M E ME Department of Surgery, St Vincent's University Hospital, Elm Park, Dublin 4, Ireland, - - 2014
Perianal abscesses and fistulae-in-ano are a common anorectal complaint causing significant distress to patients, and present a considerable treatment challenge. Principal of treatment is achieving closure of the fistula while maintaining continence. There are numerous treatment approaches with large debate about which method is "ideal." Our aim was to assess ...
Kotela Ireneusz I Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of Interior in Warsaw, - - 2014
Background. Since new generation ankle endoprostheses came into common use, total ankle arthroplasty has become an alternative to arthrodesis in the treatment of advanced osteoarthritis. The aim of paper was present preliminary results of cementless total ankle arthroplasty in patients with osteoarthritis. Material and methods.In 2012-2014, 12 cementless total arthroplasties ...
Bonnett Laura J LJ From the Departments of Biostatistics (L.J.B., C.T.S., S.D.) and Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology (A.G.M.), University of Liverpool, - - 2014
We assessed the likelihood of 12-month seizure remission and treatment failure after failure of a first antiepileptic drug, and identified factors influencing these outcomes.METHODS: SANAD (Standard and New Antiepileptic Drug) was a randomized controlled trial comparing monotherapy with standard and new antiepileptic drugs. Patients were followed up to study completion, ...
Gorny Krzysztof R KR Departments of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess long-term outcomes of magnetic resonance (MR)-guided focused ultrasound (US) treatments of uterine fibroids. A retrospective follow-up of 138 patients treated at a single institution between March 2005 and November 2011 was conducted. The patients were not part of a clinical study and were followed through retrospective review of ...
Stobbe Jolanda J Department of Psychiatry, Epidemiological and Social Psychiatric Research Institute, Erasmus University Medical Center, PO Box 2040 Dp-0122, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
To investigate the pattern of associations between changes in unmet needs and treatment motivation in elderly patients with severe mental illness. Observational longitudinal study in 70 patients treated by an assertive community treatment team for the elderly. Unmet needs and motivation for treatment were measured using the Camberwell assessment of ...
Hamdy Emad E Mansoura University Hospital, Mansoura, - - 2014
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common public health problem. Medical treatment remains the first line of treatment of GERD. Failure of medical treatment may occur in up to 45 % of GERD patients. This study aims to evaluate the outcome of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) as a means of antireflux ...
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