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Results 351 - 400 of 9459
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Li Julius J South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, TX, USA The University of Texas at Austin College of Pharmacy, Austin, TX, USA Pharmacotherapy Education and Research Center, University of Texas Health Sciences Center San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA - - 2014
Contrary to prior case reports describing occasional clinical failures with cefazolin for methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) infections, recent studies demonstrated no difference in outcomes between cefazolin and antistaphylococcal penicillins for the treatment of MSSA bacteremia. While promising, these studies had low frequencies of high inoculum infections, such as endocarditis. This ...
Tawfik Abeer Attia AA Dermatology Unit, Department of Medical Applications of Lasers, National Institute of Laser Enhanced Sciences, Cairo University, Giza, - - 2014
Pulsed dye laser has been used successfully in the treatment of nail psoriasis. Intense pulsed light (IPL) has been used in the treatment of plaque psoriasis using a 550-nm filter. To study the efficacy of IPL in the treatment of nail psoriasis. Twenty patients with finger and toe nail psoriasis ...
Tsze Daniel S DS Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York - - 2014
We present the case of a 3-month-old girl who had unrepaired Tetralogy of Fallot who presented to the emergency department with an acute hypoxic episode. The patient was hyperpneic and cyanotic, with an initial oxygen saturation of 56%. She did not respond to knee-to-chest positioning. A single dose of intranasal ...
Franco Matheus Cavalcante MC Matheus Cavalcante Franco, Gustavo Flores Gomes, Frank Shigeo Nakao, Gustavo Andrade de Paulo, Angelo Paulo Ferrari Jr, Ermelindo Della Libera Jr, Digestive Endoscopy Unit, Division of Gastroenterology, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo 04023-900, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of undiluted N-butyl-2 cyanoacrylate plus methacryloxysulfolane (NBCM) as a prophylactic treatment for gastric varices (GV) bleeding. This prospective study was conducted at a single tertiary-care teaching hospital between October 2009 and March 2013. Patients with portal hypertension (PH) and GV, with no active gastrointestinal ...
Ridderstråle Martin M Steno Diabetes Center, Gentofte, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Metformin is the recommended first-line pharmacotherapy for patients with type 2 diabetes. There is no consensus on the optimum second-line pharmacotherapy. We compared the efficacy and safety of the sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor empagliflozin and the sulfonylurea glimepiride as add-on to metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes. In ...
Wang Tang-Chuan TC Department of Otolaryngology, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature to compare the efficacy (and other postoperative outcomes) of nonabsorbable versus absorbable nasal packing after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) for the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis. Studies were considered for inclusion if they were ...
Nutman Amir A Division of Epidemiology, Tel Aviv- Sourasky Medical Center, Tel-Aviv, - - 2014
Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) is an increasingly common nosocomial pathogen. We sought to identify clinical and microbiological predictors of 14-day mortality among patients with CRAB bacteremia. This case-control study included all adult patients in one Israeli hospital with CRAB on blood culture between July 2008 and June 2011. Cases were ...
Hayashi Nobukazu N Department of Dermatology, Toranomon Hospital, Tokyo, - - 2014
The efficacy of adapalene for acne treatment has been established. However, because of local adverse reactions, a fair number of patients discontinue adapalene treatment before experiencing its effects. To examine the usefulness of moisturizers concomitant with adapalene on adherence to treatment and its therapeutic effects in patients, 100 patients with ...
Rintoul Robert C RC Department of Thoracic Oncology, Papworth Hospital, Cambridge, - - 2014
Malignant pleural mesothelioma incidence continues to rise, with few available evidence-based therapeutic options. Results of previous non-randomised studies suggested that video-assisted thoracoscopic partial pleurectomy (VAT-PP) might improve symptom control and survival. We aimed to compare efficacy in terms of overall survival, and cost, of VAT-PP and talc pleurodesis in patients ...
Roussin A A Internal and Vascular Medicine, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada - - - 2014
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a manifestation of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and accounts for most venous thromboembolic events. Although DVT is not directly lifethreatening, thrombi in the proximal veins of the leg can embolize to the lungs to form a pulmonary embolism, which may prove rapidly fatal. If untreated, DVT ...
Shiraishi Manabu M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Saitama Medical Center, Jichi Medical University, 1-847 Amanuma, Omiya-Ku, Saitama, 330-8503, Japan, - - 2014
Waffle procedure, a small grid-like incision of epicardium, is a surgical technique for constrictive pericarditis with epicardial thickening. Yet evidences to endorse this approach for improved outcomes are lacking. The aim of this study is to elucidate better surgical treatment strategy for constrictive pericarditis with epicardial thickening. Twenty-five patients (mean ...
Nappi Rossella E RE * Research Center for Reproductive Medicine, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Foundation, University of Pavia , Pavia , - - 2014
Objectives To evaluate the impact of a 91-day extended regimen combined oral contraceptive (150 μg levonorgestrel [LNG]/30 μg ethinylestradiol [EE] for 84 days, followed by 10 μg EE for seven days [Treatment 1]) compared with two traditional 21/7 regimens (21 days 150 μg LNG/30 μg EE [Treatment 2] or 150 ...
Anzidei Michele M From the Departments of *Radiological, Oncological and Pathological Sciences, and †Surgery and Transplantation "P. Stefanini," Policlinico Umberto I, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) ablation for pain palliation and local tumor control in selected patients with unresectable primary pancreatic adenocarcinoma. After providing dedicated informed consent, 7 patients with histologically proven unresectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma underwent MRgFUS treatment on a ...
Cunha-Vaz José J Association for Innovation and Biomedical Research on Light and Image, Coimbra, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
To present the safety and efficacy of intravitreal implants releasing 0.2 μg/day fluocinolone acetonide (FAc) in patients with chronic versus nonchronic diabetic macular edema (DME). To assess ocular characteristics, anatomic changes, and re-treatment and ancillary therapies that may explain the differential treatment effect seen with intravitreal implants releasing FAc 0.2 ...
Wang Yu-Chi YC Department of Neurosurgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, - - 2014
Background: Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is one of the cerebrovascular diseases that bear a high risk of hemorrhage. The treatment modalities include microsurgical resection, endovascular embolization, stereotactic radiosurgery, or combinations that vary widely. Several large series have been reported, while data from Asian populations were few. The aim of this study ...
Vicari Enzo - - 2014
This study was undertaken to evaluate the influence of treatment with rifaximin followed by the probiotic VSL#3 versus no treatment on the progression of chronic prostatitis toward chronic microbial prostate-vesiculitis (PV) or prostate-vesiculo-epididymitis (PVE). A total of 106 selected infertile male patients with bacteriologically cured chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) and ...
Tuppin Philippe - - 2014
This very large population-based study investigated outcomes after a diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa) in terms of mortality rates, treatments and adverse effects. Among the 11 million men aged 40 years and over covered by the general national health insurance scheme, those with newly managed PCa in 2009 were followed ...
Alobaid Adel S AS New York University College of Dentistry, New York, New - - 2014
This retrospective cohort study compared clinical and radiographic outcomes of endodontic treatment performed in immature nonvital permanent teeth by apexification (calcium hydroxide or apical barrier with mineral trioxide aggregate) versus revascularization. A comprehensive chart review was performed to obtain a cohort of previously completed cases with recalls. Clinical and radiographic ...
El Zawahry Bakr B Dermatology Department, Cairo University, Giza, - - 2014
Facial freckles are a cosmetic concern to Egyptians, particularly young females. Several therapeutic lines exist with variable response rates and limitations. Fractional carbon dioxide (FCO2) laser provides minimal ablation and therefore less down time and less side effects. The efficacy and safety of this laser technology have still not been ...
Hobi S S Stefan Hobi, Medizinische Kleintierklinik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Veterinärstraße 13, 80539 München, Germany, Email: - - 2014
Objectives: Canine atopic dermatitis is a very common disease in small animal practice. Its only specific treatment is allergen immunotherapy. In rush-immunotherapy (RIT) increasing doses of allergen extract are injected subcutaneously in short intervals. Maintenance doses are achieved within one day compared to weeks or months with conventional immunotherapy. The ...
Laganà Antonio Simone AS Department of Pediatric, Gynecological, Microbiological and Biomedical Sciences, University of Messina , Messina , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this single-center, prospective, randomized, parallel-group study was to compare desogestrel and danazol as preoperative endometrial preparation for hysteroscopic surgery. We enrolled 200 consecutive eligible patients, in reproductive age, with endouterine diseases. Pre- and post-treatment characterization of endometrium was performed by hysteroscopic visual observation and histologic confirmation. ...
Menda Shivali A SA Department of Ophthalmology, University of California San Francisco, 10 Koret Way, San Francisco, CA, 94143, - - 2014
To compare the complication rate and effectiveness of mitomycin C (MMC), Ologen alone, and Ologen with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) as adjunctives with Ex-PRESS mini shunt for medically uncontrolled glaucoma. Retrospective comparative study of 59 Ex-PRESS mini shunt trabeculectomy operations coupled with Ologen implantation alone, transient MMC application or Ologen implantation with ...
McNab Alan A AA *Orbital Plastic and Lacrimal Clinic, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, †Centre for Eye Research Australia, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia; ‡South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia; and §Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, - - 2014
Orbital cavernous hemangiomas (OCH) often present as incidentally found asymptomatic lesions, and it has been reported that such lesions do not grow. The authors' own experience has been different. They describe the natural history of OCH in a cohort with asymptomatic incidentally found lesions and compare them with patients with ...
Talab Saman Shafaat SS Department of Urology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
This study aimed evaluate the safety and feasibility of endoscopic potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) laser application in the management of patients with radiation-induced hemorrhagic cystitis (RHC). We retrospectively reviewed the records of 20 patients with RHC who underwent endoscopic KTP laser ablation of telangiectatic bladder vessels between October 2005 and ...
Quéré I I EA 2992, Vascular Medicine Unit, CIC1001 Inserm, CHU de Montpellier, université Montpellier 1, 34295 cedex 5 Montpellier, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lymphedema treatment is based on Decongestive Lymphedema Therapy (DLT) with an intensive phase followed by a long-term maintenance phase. This study aimed to observe volume variation over the intensive phase and 6 months later. Prospective multicentre observational study of patients with unilateral lymphedema. The primary objective was to assess lymphedema ...
Tuleasca Constantin C Functional and Stereotactic Neurosurgery Unit, INSERM U751, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire La Timone Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille, Marseille, - - 2014
Background: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) secondary to megadolichobasilar artery (MBA) compression is considerably difficult to manage surgically. Objective: This study aims to evaluate the safety/efficacy of Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) in this special group of patients. Methods: Between July 1992 and November 2010, 29 patients with >1 year of follow-up presenting ...
Park Jung Ho JH Department of Internal Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University College of - - 2014
Pneumatic balloon dilatation (PD) is a mainstay in achalasia treatment. The aim of this study was to identify predictive factors for successful treatment. We retrospectively reviewed 76 patients with a diagnosis of achalasia who underwent PD from June 2010 to May 2013. Clinical symptoms were assessed using Eckardt score and ...
Carpentier S - - 2014
Objective :  The purpose of this longitudinal retrospective study was to evaluate transverse maxillary expansion after a Schuchardt or segmental posterior subapical maxillary osteotomy (SPSMO) in patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP). A second aim was to compare these data with data for adult patients without CLP who were ...
El-Sheikha J J Academic Vascular Surgery Unit, Hull Royal Infirmary, Hull, - - 2014
Endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) is a popular treatment for superficial venous insufficiency. Debate continues regarding the optimal management of symptomatic varicose tributaries following ablation of the main saphenous trunk. This randomized trial compared the 5-year outcomes of endovenous laser therapy with ambulatory phlebectomy (EVLTAP) with concomitant ambulatory phlebectomy, and EVLA ...
Pigò F F Digestive Endoscopic Unit, New Civil Hospital S. Agostino Estense, Baggiovara, Modena, Italy, - - 2014
Chronic radiation proctitis (CRP) occurs up to 20 % of patients after pelvic radiotherapy, with rectal bleeding as the main presenting complaint. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has recently been used in the management of Barrett's esophagus, but its efficacy in CRP has to be studied. The aim of this case series was ...
Cavusoglu Yuksel Y aCardiology Department bBiostatistic Department, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, - - 2014
Ivabradine is a heart rate (HR)-lowering agent acting by inhibiting the If-channel. Dobutamine does increase the HR and has some deleterious effects on myocardium. So, we aimed to evaluate whether ivabradine treatment blunts a dobutamine-induced increase in HR. The main study population consisted of 58 acute decompensated heart failure patients ...
Golster Martin M From the Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, University Hospital, Linköping, - - 2014
Epidural analgesia for postoperative pain relief needs to be monitored regularly in order to evaluate benefits and avoid potential hazards. To evaluate efficacy and safety profile of a ward-based regimen for postoperative epidural analgesia combining patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) and continuous epidural infusion (CEI). We conducted a prospective survey in ...
Guitard Joëlle J Département de Néphrologie et Transplantation d'organes, CHU Rangueil, Toulouse, - - 2014
Minimal-change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) is a common cause of steroid sensitive nephrotic syndrome (NS) with frequent relapse. Although steroids and calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) are the cornerstone treatments, the use of rituximab (RTX), a monoclonal antibody targeting B cells, is an efficient and safe alternative in childhood. Because data from adults ...
Brockbank Sally S Department of Speech, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon - - 2014
Swallowing difficulties (dysphagia) are a common acute and chronic side effect of head and neck cancer treatment. Dysphagia is associated with medical concerns such as malnutrition and pulmonary health as well as quality of life outcomes. Providing information on the likely changes to swallowing is an important component of pre-treatment ...
Czarnowicki Tali T Laboratory for Investigative Dermatology, Rockefeller University, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
Topical corticosteroids are the most common first-line treatment for psoriasis. Tachyphylaxis, a decreased response to treatment with repetitive application of the drug, is a controversial phenomenon associated with topical corticosteroid treatment. We sought to prove or disprove tachyphylaxis to occluded halobetasol 0.05% versus vehicle. Patients with plaque psoriasis were recruited ...
Simon Mareike - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of orthodontic treatment using the Invisalign(R) system. Particularly, we analyzed the influence of auxiliaries (Attachment/Power Ridge) as well as the staging (movement per aligner) on treatment efficacy. We reviewed the tooth movements of 30 consecutive patients who required orthodontic treatment ...
Brereton Nicholas N BresMed, Sheffield, - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: Celecoxib for the treatment of pain resulting from osteoarthritis (OA) was reviewed by the Tandvårds- och läkemedelsförmånsverket - Dental and Pharmaceutical Benefits Board (TLV) in Sweden in late 2010. This study aimed to evaluate the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of celecoxib plus a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) compared ...
Yilmaz Hanife Nuray HN a Research Assistant, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Marmara University, Istanbul, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To analyze the treatment effects of corticotomy-assisted maxillary protraction with skeletal anchorage and Class III elastics in patients with Class III malocclusions. Materials and Methods: The study group consisted of 19 patients with a mean age of 13.12 ± 1.28 years. Initially, patients were monitored for 5 months before treatment ...
Gencer Deniz D a Private Practice, Ankara, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To compare the treatment effects of double-plate appliance/facemask (DPA-FM) combined therapy and facemask (FM) therapy in treating Class III malocclusions. Materials and Methods: The material consisted of lateral cephalometric radiographs of 45 children with skeletal and dental Class III malocclusion. The first treatment group comprised 15 patients (mean ...
Lyakhovitsky A A Department of Dermatology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Lichen planopilaris (LPP) is as a lymphocytic variant of primary cicatricial alopecia. Objective: To evaluate the demographics, clinical findings, natural history, and response to various treatments of LPP. Methods: A retrospective review of medical records of all patients with clinical and histopathological diagnosis of LPP. Results: Out of ...
Shi Bentao B Department of Urology, Peking University Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of resiniferatoxin in the treatment of patients with lifelong premature ejaculation. A total of 41 outpatients (mean age 26.14 ± 4 years) with premature ejaculation completed the present study. They were randomly separated into the resiniferatoxin group and the placebo group. The resiniferatoxin group included 11 patients with ...
Shin Hyun Tae HT Department of Dermatology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with intense pulsed light (IPL) was proven effective for photorejuvenation. Recently, a new formulation of 0.5% 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) liposomal spray has been available. We designed a randomized split face study to evaluate usefulness and safety of IPL-PDT using a liposomal spray for periorbital wrinkles ...
Morais Juliana Fernandes de JF Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Orthodontics and Community Health, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Bauru, SP, - - 2014
Anterior spaces may interfere with smile attractiveness and compromise dentofacial harmony. They are among the most frequent reasons why patients seek orthodontic treatment. However, midline diastema is commonly cited as a malocclusion with high relapse incidence by orthodontists. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the stability of maxillary interincisor diastemas ...
Chong Gun Oh GO Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University Medical Center, Daegu, - - 2014
To evaluate single-port assisted extracorporeal cystectomy for the treatment of large ovarian cysts, and to compare its surgical outcomes, complications, and cystic content spillage rates with those of conventional laparoscopy and laparotomy. Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). University teaching hospital. Twenty-five patients who underwent single-port assisted extracorporeal cystectomy ...
Vermeulen Guus M GM Department of Hand and Wrist Surgery, Diakonessenhuis Utrecht; Department of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, Rotterdam; Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Rotterdam; Xpert Clinic Hilversum, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the results for treatment of basal thumb osteoarthritis with and without the use of a bone tunnel at the base of the first metacarpal. Women aged 40 years or older with stage IV osteoarthritis were randomized to 1 of 2 treatments. Patients were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively at 3 ...
Portela J L JL Pediatric Emergency Department, Hospital Universitário de Santa Maria, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), Av. Roraima, Prédio 22, Campus, Bairro Camobi, Zip Code: 97105 900, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil; School of Medicine, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
To compare the therapeutic efficacy of intramuscular midazolam (MDZ-IM) with that of intravenous diazepam (DZP-IV) for seizures in children. Randomized clinical trial. Pediatric emergency department. Patients: Children aged 2 months to 14 years admitted to the study facility with seizures. Patients were randomized to receive DZP-IV or MDZ-IM. Groups were ...
Moore Katherine K Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, CHU de Québec, Université Laval, Québec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Treatment of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) with endoscopic injection of a bulking agent is becoming the first line of treatment for low grade VUR. We prospectively compared the efficacy of two products commercialised in Canada. Between April 2005 and February 2011, a total of 275 patients with documented VUR grade I-V ...
Souza Adriana Sebba Barroso de - - 2014
Background: Treatment with stem cells in several cardiomyopathies may be related to the increase in arrhythmias. Objectives: To determine whether intracoronary injection of stem cells in patients with Chagas cardiomyopathy is associated with increased incidence of ventricular arrhythmias, compared to the Control Group. Methods: A retrospective cohort study that evaluated ...
Ercil Hakan H Ministry of Health, Numune Teaching and Research Hospital, Department of Urology, Adana, - - 2014
Papillary ureteral neoplasm of low malignant potential (PUNLMP) is a rare diagnosis, and to our knowledge, has not yet been reported in the upper urinary tract. In this study, we aimed to present our experience in managing a very rare diagnosis, PUNLMP, in the upper urinary tract, with endoscopic treatment. ...
Hämmig Robert R Universitäre Psychiatrische Dienste Bern, CH-3010 Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Opioid substitution treatment (OST) for opioid dependence may be limited by adverse events (AEs). Increasing the range of therapeutic options optimizes outcomes and facilitates patient management. An international, multi-center, two-phase study investigated the efficacy and safety of slow-release oral morphine (SROM) versus methadone in patients receiving methadone therapy for opioid ...
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