Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1165
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Choussy Olivier - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of radiotherapy in the treatment of nasoethmoidal adenocarcinoma. DESIGN: Multicenter, retrospective study. SETTING: Eleven French hospitals. PATIENTS: The medical records of 418 patients who presented with nasoethmoidal adenocarcinoma from January 1, 1976, through December 31, 2001, were evaluated. A total of 324 patients were treated ...
Saraf Rashmi - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to establish the role of the liquid embolic agent, ONYX, in the treatment of cranial dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVFs) and to redefine the indications, techniques and outcomes of treatment with ONYX. This is a retrospective study of 25 DAVF patients who underwent endovascular treatment ...
Justan I - - 2010
The purpose of our study was to indentify the mechanical characteristics of various suture materials. We created an in-vitro experimental flexor tendon model. Materials were divided into four groups: monofilament polypropylene non-absorbable material (group 1); monofilament long-term absorbable material (group 2); polyester multifilament non-absorbable coated material (group 3) and polyester ...
Won Yu Sam - - 2010
Leukoaraiosis (LA) is associated with aging and vascular risk factors, and is a risk factor of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) after treatment with warfarin or thrombolytic treatment for ischemic stroke. In this study, we sought to examine whether LA is a predictor of outcome after spontaneous ICH. We retrospectively analyzed 238 ...
Saraf Rashmi - - 2010
AIM: We aim to focus on the treatment of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVF) with emphasis on the evolution of endovascular management at our center over the last 13 years. We also aim to highlight the present treatment strategy, considering all the embolic agents available with us. SETTING AND DESIGN: ...
Kawamata Takakazu - - 2010
Although many authors have described treatment strategies for craniopharyngiomas, the optimal treatment of craniopharyngiomas remains controversial. This study aimed to define an adequate surgical strategy for craniopharyngiomas by reviewing the long-term functional performance of patients treated by current and past treatment modalities. Fifty-five patients with longer than 5 years of ...
Toran K C - - 2010
Endotracheal intubation can produce various degrees of temporary and sometimes permanent damage to the laryngotracheal mechanism. Recent development of computer based voice analysis technology can now detect a minute changes in acoustic waveforms which a normal human ear cannot. In the study we compared and analyzed the acoustic waveforms of ...
Kalogeridi M A - - 2010
PURPOSE: To investigate the long-term efficacy and toxicity in a group of consecutive patients treated with linear accelerator (linac) radiosurgery for acoustic neuromas and meningiomas. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2004, 34 patients (median age 65.5 years, range 50-84) with acoustic neuroma or meningioma were treated with linac-based stereotactic radiosurgery with ...
Llacer-Moscardo Carmen - - 2010
Radiotherapy for retroperitoneal sarcomas remains controversial and a technical challenge considering the threshold of contiguous critical organs tolerance. We performed consecutive RapidArc dosimetric plans in preoperative or postoperative setting. A dosimetric study was carried out from six preoperative (group A) and four postoperative (group B) CT-scans, performed in 7 patients.Prescribed ...
Nomura Sadahiro - - 2010
We report neuroendoscopic evacuation of an intraventricular hematoma (IVH) in 13 patients with thalamic hemorrhage. We discuss strategies to improve the outcome and to shorten the management period by using external ventricular drainage (EVD). Patients were classified into fair (modified Rankin scale [mRS] grade 4 or less) and poor (mRS ...
Orlando José Luiz - - 2010
Venous malformations are the most frequent vascular malformation. Deep venous malformations are located in subcutaneous tissue or in the muscles. Percutaneous sclerotherapy is the treatment of choice, and the use of ethanol at low doses has not yet been described. To analyze the results of treating Deep venous malformations patients ...
Beslow Lauren A LA Division of Neurology, 6th Floor, Wood Building, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa 19104, USA. - - 2010
The purposes of this study were to describe features of children with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and to determine predictors of short-term outcome in a single-center prospective cohort study. A single-center prospective consecutive cohort study was conducted of spontaneous ICH in children aged 1 to 18 years from January 2006 to ...
Shin Dong Ah - - 2009
OBJECT: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has become an important treatment alternative to surgery for a variety of spinal lesions. However, the use of SRS in the management of intradural intramedullary (IDIM) metastasis remains controversial. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical efficacy and safety of SRS for treatment ...
Santaolalla Francisco - - 2009
CONCLUSION: Percutaneous embolization reduces the reappearance of epistaxis and the mean length of hospital stay for patients with intractable epistaxis or juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA). OBJECTIVES: To assess whether percutaneous embolization is effective for the treatment of intractable epistaxis and JNA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with intractable posterior epistaxis ...
Miller Jonathan P - - 2009
OBJECT: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) presents a diagnostic challenge because of the variety of symptoms, findings during microvascular decompression (MVD), and postsurgical outcomes observed among patients who suffer from this disorder. Recently, a new paradigm for classification of TN was proposed, based on the quality of pain. This study represents the ...
Dorfer Christian - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review our experience with a multimodality treatment approach in the management of cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) in children. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed a consecutive series of 56 children who harboured a cerebral AVM and were treated at our institution between 1988 and ...
Malagari Katerina - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the added role of a chemotherapeutic in transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) of intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The issue is of major importance since, as suggested by recent evidence, hypoxia or incomplete devascularization of the tumor is a potent stimulator of angiogenesis, and there ...
Bassiouni Hischam - - 2009
OBJECT: In this study, the authors' goal was to analyze a series of patients treated microsurgically for an anterior clinoid process (ACP) meningioma in regard to long-term functional outcome. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed clinical data in a consecutive series of 106 patients who underwent microsurgical treatment for an ACP ...
Liu Denggao - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the long-term effects of direct intraosseous histoacryl embolotherapy on central arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the jaw. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight patients with central AVMs of the jaw (3 in the maxilla and 5 in the mandible) were treated with direct intraosseous histoacryl injection. These AVMs exhibited cystic ...
Noudel Rémy - - 2009
OBJECT: The chronic tonsillar herniation defining Chiari malformation Type I (CMI) is thought to result from overcrowding of a normally developing hindbrain within a congenitally small posterior cranial fossa (PCF) due to occipital hypoplasia. The goals in the present study were to authenticate the cranioencephalic disproportion in a group of ...
Scarone Pietro - - 2009
OBJECT: The authors analyzed the long-term results and radiological aspects of sphenoorbital meningioma (with emphasis on exophthalmos) in a series of 30 patients who underwent resection. METHODS: Data obtained in all 30 patients who underwent surgery for typical sphenoorbital meningioma at the authors' institution between June 1994 and September 2005 ...
Fukuda Masafumi - - 2009
The purpose of this article is to clarify long-term outcomes following surgery for jugular foramen schwannomas. Fifteen adult patients underwent surgery, predominantly via the lateral suboccipital approach, for jugular foramen schwannomas between December 1987 and May 2007. All information was collected retrospectively from patient medical records at a university hospital. ...
Park Young Seok - - 2011
Object The object of this study was to compare the recurrence rates of cystic craniopharyngiomas after neuroendoscopic cyst fenestration combined with Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) and after subtotal resection (STR) combined with GKS. Methods The records of 27 patients (age range 3-66 years) with cystic craniopharyngiomas that were treated surgically ...
Zuo Yi - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hypertensive basal ganglia hemorrhage (HBGH) accounts for 35%-44% of cases of hypertensive intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), which is one of the most devastating forms of cerebrovascular disease. In this study, intracerebral hematoma was evacuated with a burr hole craniectomy. The relationships of residue hematoma volume to brain edema, ...
Chang Eric L EL Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas, M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA. - - 2009
It is unclear whether the benefit of adding whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) to stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for the control of brain-tumours outweighs the potential neurocognitive risks. We proposed that the learning and memory functions of patients who undergo SRS plus WBRT are worse than those of patients who undergo SRS ...
Raffa Scott J - - 2009
OBJECT: The radiosurgery-based arteriovenous malformation (AVM) score (RBAS) is a grading system designed to predict patient outcomes after Gamma Knife surgery for AVMs. This study seeks to validate independently the predictive nature of the RBAS, not only after single treatment but for retreatment, and to assess the overall outcome regardless ...
Abu-Salma Zuair - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) treated by radiosurgery with complete obliteration of the nidus but a persisting early draining vein on follow-up angiography can be termed subtotally obliterated. However, these are persistent circulating AVMs. The significance of these lesions, their hemorrhage rate, and their management are analyzed. METHODS: In a series ...
Pereira Luiz Claudio Modesto - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite possible advantages, few surgical series report specifically on awake craniotomy for intrinsic brain tumors in eloquent brain areas. OBJECTIVES: Primary: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of fully awake craniotomy (FAC) for the resection of primary supratentorial brain tumors (PSBT) near or in eloquent brain areas (EBA) in ...
Ishikawa Eiichi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) is occasionally a useful tool for maintaining good brain status in patients with brain metastases (METs). Conversely, we recently experienced patients with delayed cyst formation (DCF) several years after GKRS, a complication not previously reported. Herein we assessed the frequency and characteristics of DCF after ...
Marinkovic Ivan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) has a high mortality rate and leaves most survivors disabled. The dismal outcome is mostly due to the mass effect of hematoma plus edema. Major clinical trials show no benefit from surgical or medical treatment. Decompressive craniectomy has, however, proven beneficial for large ischemic brain infarction ...
Lee Sung Ho - - 2009
In order to establish the role of Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKS) in large intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), we analyzed clinical characteristics, radiological features, and radiosurgical outcomes. Between March 1992 and March 2005, 28 of 33 patients with large AVMs (> 10 cm(3) in nidus-volume) who were treated with GKS underwent ...
Nooh Nasser - - 2009
Relapse is one of the complications of orthognathic surgery. In this study, we compared the stability of mandibular bilateral sagittal split osteotomy by using two different methods of fixation. In Group 1, eight patients with prognathic mandible underwent BSSO and set back average of 6.0 mm. The method of fixation was ...
Skj?th-Rasmussen Jane - - 2010
PURPOSE: Primarily, gamma knife centers are predominant in publishing results on arteriovenous malformations (AVM) treatments including reports on risk profile. However, many patients are treated using a linear accelerator-most of these at smaller centers. Because this setting is different from a large gamma knife center, the risk profile at Linac ...
Lin Y-C - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Outcome evaluation in clinical oncology is conventionally based on long-term volumetric changes in the tumor size. The purpose of this study was to prospectively investigate the usefulness of fDMs in incorporating anisotropic diffusion in the evaluation of early response after radiosurgery in patients with vestibular schwannoma. MATERIALS ...
Hemphill J Claude JC - - 2009
The ICH Score is a commonly used clinical grading scale for outcome after acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and has been validated for 30-day mortality, but not long-term functional outcome. The goals of this study were to assess whether the ICH Score accurately stratifies patients with regard to 12-month functional outcome ...
Dirven Richard - - 2009
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To determine whether definitive radiotherapy prior to surgery increases the rate of pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF) following laryngectomy or hypopharyngectomy and to determine if differences in duration of time between definitive radiotherapy and surgery alters PCF rate. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of 152 patients treated surgically for primary laryngeal ...
Pan J W JW Department of Neurosurgery, First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University; Hangzhou, China - ZRY1960@gmail.com or - - 2009
Onyx is increasingly used in endovascular therapy of intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). However, the embolic effect and post-embolization management are still under discussion. We report our experience in the treatment of supratentorial brain arteriovenous malformations (SBAVMs) with Onyx and discuss post-embolic management. From June 2006 to July 2008, 20 patients ...
Xu Y Y Department of Neurosurgery, Capital Medical University, Xuan Wu Hospital. Beijing, China - - - 2009
Intracranial hemorrhage following carotid artery stenting (CAS) is a rare but potentially devastating complication. The present study reviewed intracranial hemorrhage cases from patients undergoing CAS in ten years to find the methods to rescue patients from this fatal complication. Patients with postoperative intracranial hemorrhage following CAS were retrospectively selected, and ...
Trerotola Scott O - - 2009
PURPOSE: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) embolization has traditionally been performed as an inpatient procedure, often with sequential procedures to treat multiple lesions. This approach is costly, inconveniences the patient, and may lead to noncompliance with embolotherapy. In the authors' hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) center, all PAVM embolizations in teenagers and ...
Geibprasert Sasikhan - - 2010
PURPOSE: Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations (VGAMs) are choroidal arteriovenous malformations that develop during an early embryonic stage. Although recent reports have shown improved outcome for these patients, the overall outcome still is poor. In this study, we evaluated the clinical, imaging, and angiographic features that may predict the outcome ...
Youn Sung Won - - 2010
BACKGROUND: An SHF is rare pial arteriovenous shunt with no nidal component, of which the feeder drains directly into a single venous channel. Casting with NBCA was described previously, but its control demands operator to accumulate a considerable learning curve. We are to present our experiences of coil-based endovascular treatment ...
Youn Sung Won - - 2009
BACKGROUND: An SHF is rare pial arteriovenous shunt with no nidal component, of which the feeder drains directly into a single venous channel. Casting with NBCA was described previously, but its control demands operator to accumulate a considerable learning curve. We are to present our experiences of coil-based endovascular treatment ...
Battista Robert A - - 2009
In 1951, Dr. Lars Leksell from Sweden conceived of what is now known as gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS). Since Leksell first treated a patient who had a vestibular schwannoma in 1967, there has been a year-to-year increase in the number of patients treated with the gamma knife for vestibular schwannoma. ...
Dai An-wei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of Yangyin Humo Decoction (YHD) on oral mucomembranous reaction in patients with head-neck tumor undergoing radiotherapy. METHODS: Forty-Forty-two patients with head-neck tumor undergoing radiotherapy were randomized equally into two groups. The two conventional Western medical treatment was administered to all, including intravenous dripping of 2% ...
Kim Young Zoon - - 2009
The decision to adopt a conservative or surgical modality for a relatively small volume of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH) is difficult and often controversial, especially when consciousness is tolerable. The authors examined the results of stereotactic-guided evacuation of SICH for relatively small volumes with respect to functional outcome. This prospective ...
Lv X X Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University; Beijing, China - - - 2009
Transvenous embolization of cavernous dural arteriovenous fistulae (CDAVFs) with Onyx has recently been reported. This study was undertaken to assess the value of Onyx in transvenous treatment of CDAVFs. We retrospectively reviewed 18 patients who underwent transvenous embolization for CDAVFs of Barrow Type D with detachable coils and Onyx at ...
Zheng Jia Wei JW Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Ninth People's Hospital, College of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200011, - - 2009
The purpose of the study was to investigate the indications and treatment results of intralesional injection of Pingyangmycin for vascular malformations in oral and maxillofacial regions. Between June 2002 and July 2007, 297 patients with oral and maxillofacial vascular malformations (except venular malformation and arteriovenous malformation) were treated with percutaneous ...
Prieto Ruth - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) is a rare and enigmatic disease. Functional outcome is particularly uncertain for the small group of patients that are unable to stand at the time of diagnosis (grade 5 gait disturbance on the Aminoff-Logue scale, ALS). The objective of this study is to examine ...
Myers Patrick O - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the optimal management of impending paradoxical embolism (IPDE), a biatrial thromboembolus caught in transit across a patent foramen ovale. Our aim was to review observational studies on this subject to identify prognostic factors and to compare mortality and systemic embolism between treatments. METHODS: Systematic literature ...
Idowu O E - - 2009
Sixty-three adult patients with intracranial neoplasms were studied prospectively over a 2 year period. The various factors related to pre-presentation symptoms interval (PSI) and pre-diagnostic interval (PI) were noted. The mean age at presentation for all patients was 46.8 years (range 18-72 years, median 46 years). Meningiomas (30%), Pituitary tumours ...
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