Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1188
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Vauclair F - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Determine if arm veins are good conduits for infrainguinal revascularisation and should be used when good quality saphenous vein is not available. DESIGN: Retrospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated a consecutive series of infrainguinal bypass (IB) using arm vein conduits from March 2001 to December 2006.We selected arm ...
Starnes Benjamin W - - 2011
This article summarizes a differing interpretation of the long-term results of the Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR) 1 Trial. The EVAR 1 Trialists' conclusions regarding the equivalence of long-term outcomes of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) with those of open repair (OR) are misleading and not applicable to patients currently treated by ...
Hester Reid K RK Behavior Therapy Associates, LLP, Albuquerque, NM 87112, USA. - - 2012
The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a computer-delivered intervention (CDI) to reduce heavy drinking and alcohol-related problems in college students in two randomized clinical trials. In Experiment 1, we randomized 144 students to either the CDI or an assessment-only control group with follow-ups at 1 ...
Casuccio Alessandra - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of α1-adrenergic receptor antagonists (α1-ARAs) on pupil diameter and determine whether the diameter predicts intraoperative floppy-iris syndrome (IFIS). Ophthalmology Section, Palermo University, Palermo, Italy. Prospective cohort study. Male outpatients taking tamsulosin, α(1)-ARAs, or no α(1)-ARAs having phacoemulsification were recruited. Pupils were measured 1 month preoperatively, immediately ...
Reddy S - - 2011
The purpose of this investigation was to study the characteristics of arterial wall and sympathetic innervation of the human posterior intercostal artery (PIA) in order to assess its suitability as an arterial graft for vascular surgeries. Fifty PIA samples were obtained from 25 cadavers (18 males and 7 females). Samples ...
Rasmussen L H - - 2011
This randomized trial compared four treatments for varicose great saphenous veins (GSVs). Five hundred consecutive patients (580 legs) with GSV reflux were randomized to endovenous laser ablation (980 and 1470 nm, bare fibre), radiofrequency ablation, ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy or surgical stripping using tumescent local anaesthesia with light sedation. Miniphlebectomies were ...
Koller Tobias - - 2011
To identify preoperative parameters that may predict flattening of the keratoconic cornea after collagen crosslinking (CXL). Institut für Refraktive und Ophthalmo-Chirurgie (IROC), Zurich, Switzerland. Cohort study. Patients with verified progressive primary keratectasia received standard corneal CXL. Factors such as corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) and Scheimpflug tomography (Pentacam) were used ...
Alves Flávio R F - - 2011
This in vitro study evaluated the time-dependent ability of the self-adjusting file (SAF) used with either of two NaOCl concentrations to reduce bacterial populations in long oval root canals. Oval-shaped canals from extracted teeth were infected with Enterococcus faecalis for 30 days and subjected to preparation with the SAF system using ...
Kymionis George D - - 2011
PURPOSE: To present the long-term results after simultaneous photorefractive keratectomy followed by corneal collagen cross-linking for keratoconus. DESIGN: Prospective, interventional, consecutive case series. METHODS: In this study, 26 patients (31 eyes) with progressive keratoconus were included. All patients underwent customized topography-guided photorefractive keratectomy immediately followed by corneal collagen cross-linking with ...
Gomez Pablo P 3rd Department of Urology, Urological Diseases Research Center, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2011
Autologous gastrointestinal segments are utilized as the primary option for bladder reconstructive procedures despite their inherent morbidity and significant complication rate. Multi-laminate biomaterials derived from Bombyx mori silk fibroin and prepared from a gel spinning process may serve as a superior alternative for bladder tissue engineering due to their robust ...
Vignoletti Fabio - - 2011
Vignoletti F, Nuñez J, Discepoli N, De Sanctis F, Caffesse R, Muñoz F, Lopez M, Sanz M: Clinical and histological healing of a new collagen matrix in combination with the coronally advanced flap for the treatment of Miller class-I recession defects: an experimental study in the minipig. J Clin Periodontol ...
Field Richard A - - 2011
PURPOSE: Chest compressions are often performed at a variable rate during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The effect of compression rate on other chest compression quality variables (compression depth, duty-cycle, leaning, performance decay over time) is unknown. This randomised controlled cross-over manikin study examined the effect of different compression rates on the ...
Tylleskär Thorkild - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is reported to be a life-saving intervention in low-income settings. The effect of breastfeeding counselling by peer counsellors was assessed in Africa. METHODS: 24 communities in Burkina Faso, 24 in Uganda, and 34 in South Africa were assigned in a 1:1 ratio, by use of a ...
Cray Jr James J - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: Craniosynostosis affects 1 in 2,000-3,000 live births and may result in craniofacial and neural growth disturbances. Histological data have shown that thick collagenous bundles are present in the sutural ligament, which may tether the osteogenic fronts, resulting in premature fusion. The hormone relaxin has been shown to disrupt ...
Jeon Sohee - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the changes in the integrated ocular surface/lacrimal gland unit after strabismus surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS:The authors prospectively studied 23 patients undergoing lateral rectus muscle recession via fornix incision. At 1 week preoperatively and 1, 2, 3, and 4 months postoperatively, McMonnies' dry eye questionnaire, corneal fluorescein ...
Tada Akihiro - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate altered pulmonary function retrospectively after RFA. METHODS: This retrospective study comprised 41 ablation sessions for 39 patients (22 men and 17 women; mean age, 64.8 years). Vital capacity (VC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)) at 1 and 3 months after RFA ...
Ahn Jeeyun - - 2011
To assess the effects of preoperative and intraoperative intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injection on the incidence of postoperative vitreous hemorrhage (VH) after vitrectomy for proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Prospective, randomized, clinical trial. One hundred seven eyes of 91 patients undergoing pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for the management of PDR-related complications were ...
Brandt Fredric S - - 2011
Background: Injectable poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) is indicated in the United States for use in immune-competent patients for correction of shallow-to-deep nasolabial fold contour deficiencies and other facial wrinkles in which a deep dermal grid pattern injection technique is appropriate. It is also indicated for restoration and/or correction of signs of ...
Cardaropoli Daniele - - 2012
Connective tissue graft (CTG) plus coronally advanced flap (CAF) is the reference therapy for root coverage. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the use of a porcine collagen matrix (PCM) plus CAF as an alternative to CTG+CAF for the treatment of gingival recessions (REC), in a prospective ...
Kránitz Kinga - - 2011
PURPOSE:To measure and compare sizing and positioning parameters of femtosecond laser capsulotomy with manual continuous curvilinear capsulorrhexis (CCC). METHODS:Femtosecond capsulotomies (LenSx Lasers Inc) and CCC were carried out in 20 eyes of 20 patients, respectively. Intraocular lens (IOL) decentration, circularity, vertical and horizontal diameters of capsulotomies, and capsule overlap were ...
Gupta Amit - - 2011
Aims To compare astigmatism with clear corneal incision versus scleral tunnel incision following paediatric cataract surgery with primary intraocular lens implantation. Methods Retrospective, comparative case series of 218 eyes of 138 children <12 years of age undergoing cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation. The study cohorts were grouped into two ...
Pérez Isidro A - - 2011
Conditional probability was used to establish persistence of CO(2) concentrations at a rural site. Measurements extended over three years and were performed with a CO(2) continuous monitor and a sodar. Concentrations in the usual range at this site were proposed as the truncation level to calculate conditional probability, allowing us ...
Resch Miklós D - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: The aim of the study was the quantitative pharmacokinetic evaluation of drug release from pretreated amniotic membrane (AM) in vitro. Methods: Cryopreserved AM pieces soaked in 3% ofloxacin ophthalmic solution were mounted in vertical Franz-diffusion cell system equipped with autosampler. In vitro release of ofloxacin was determined by ...
He Yan - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the engineering applicability of the stratified aged-refuse-based process for landfill leachate treatment. In this work, a pilot-scale (10 m(3) day(-1)) and a demonstration-scale (200 m(3) day(-1)) stratified reactor, containing the aged refuse excavated from an 8-year-old closed landfill cell, were used as ...
Neves Marco Aurelio Invaldi - - 2011
Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of an 830-nm GaAlAs diode laser operating at output powers of 40, 60, 80, and 100 mW and energy density of 30 J/cm(2) on the repair of partial calcaneal tendon ruptures in rats. Methods: A partial tendon rupture was induced ...
Flechner S M - - 2011
Safety and efficacy of two sirolimus (SRL)-based regimens were compared with tacrolimus (TAC) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). Renal transplantation recipients were randomized to Group 1 (SRL+TAC; week 13 TAC elimination [n = 152]), Group 2 (SRL + MMF [n = 152]) or Group 3 (TAC + MMF [n = 139]). ...
Burdío Fernando - - 2011
Our aim was to evaluate the capability of a Cool-tip electrode to create larger coagulation volumes combined with a low-flow (0.1 mL/min) perfusion of hypertonic saline at a distance of 2 mm (hybrid applicator) without reducing either predictability or sphericity of the coagulation zone. A total of 48 radiofrequency ablations ...
Helgeson Melvin D - - 2011
Recent studies have demonstrated cases of adjacent vertebral body osteolysis when assessing the effect of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) on fusion rates. However, no study to date has evaluated the course of osteolysis at different periods. To determine the incidence and resolution of osteolysis associated with BMP used in transforaminal ...
Yalçin N - - 2011
We studied the effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) and zoledronic acid (ZA) on posterior lumbar fusion using a validated animal model. A total of 40 New Zealand white rabbits underwent posterior lumbar fusion at L5-6 with autogenous iliac bone grafting. They were divided randomly into four groups as follows: group ...
Steinbacher Derek M DM Yale Plastic Surgery, the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, and Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, New Haven, Conn, USA. - - 2011
The mandibular deformity in hemifacial microsomia is characterized by ramus-condyle unit deficiency. The Pruzansky score classifies the proximal mandible according to aberrant condylar-unit structure. The authors sought to volumetrically evaluate the hemifacial mandible compared with controls, and to assess for Pruzansky score correlation. This is a retrospective analysis of children ...
Borgonjen Rinke J - - 2011
Objective To compare three methods of guideline development, to see whether using alternative evidence-based methods resulted in variation of recommendations for treating actinic keratosis. Methods Method 1 followed a standard multiple session evidence-based approach with a working group. In method 2 recommendations were formulated by a working group during a ...
Moxey P W - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim was to analyse contemporary data on the number of surgical revascularization procedures performed each year in England, and their outcome. METHODS: Hospital Episode Statistics and Office for National Statistics data were used to quantify numbers and identify factors associated with outcome after all femoropopliteal and femorodistal bypass ...
Chatzikyriakou Sofia V - - 2011
PURPOSE: Assessment of circulating levels of collagen-derived peptides has been proposed as a useful tool to monitor indirectly myocardial collagen metabolism in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. The potential link between circulating concentrations of collagen metabolism biomarkers and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has not been adequately evaluated. With the ...
Katolik Leonid I - - 2011
Open capsular debridement is an excellent option for the treatment of elbow arthritis. This technique is particularly indicated in a patient population physiologically younger than 60 years. Given the young age and high functional demand of patients with primary osteoarthritis of the elbow, prosthetic replacement is generally not recommended. Open ...
Karadeniz Emre - - 2011
: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether plate fixation with screws in an oblique fashion would change the strength of the fixation to bending forces and whether any relationship existed between deformity and increased strength of fixation. : Rear leg tibias from 2-year to 3-year-old sheep were ...
Kleinerman V - - 2011
hree orthodontic procedures are described that are used to prevent, intercept, and correct malocclusions at three distinct stages of dental development. Each stage of development (5 to 7 years, 8 to 12 years, and 12 years through adulthood) uses an appliance selected from a series of several preformed sizes. All ...
Caruso Salvatore - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To exclude a neuromuscular denervation damage due to prosthetic mini-invasive surgery using transobturator tape (TOT) by pre and postoperative electromyography (EMG) of the striated urethral sphincter. METHODS: Seventeen women with SUI were enrolled by urogynecologic and urodynamic examination. Each of them underwent EMG of striated urethral sphincter ...
Bonet-Coloma Cristina - - 2011
To present a large series of oral haemangiomas in children, analyzing the clinical characteristics, treatment and outcome of oral haemangiomas in 28 children. We conducted an observational retrospective study, reviewing medical records with clinical diagnosis of haemangioma between 1990 and 2006 at the Children's Maxillofacial Surgery Service of the Hospital ...
Stafyla V - - 2011
Postoperative lymphorrhea is a major complication of axillary lymphadenectomy. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of type I collagen in postoperative lymphorrhea in mastectomy patients. Eighty patients that underwent modified radical mastectomy for breast cancer were randomized in two groups. In group A (collagen group, n ...
Tainmont J - - 2011
In 1687, the poet was stricken by an aphonia that would last six months. He underwent a cure at a spa in the Massif Central, but without result. The correspondence between Boileau and his friend Racine allows us to relive the atmosphere of being a spa guest in the 17th ...
Maiuri F - - 2011
Spinal meningiomas mainly occur in old patients, with a remarkable female prevalence. This study investigates the different features between younger and older patients in an adult population (>18 years). A surgical series of 120 adult patients operated on for spinal meningiomas at the Neurosurgical Clinic of the "Federico II" University ...
Giordano M - - 2011
The study assessed the spontaneous repair of large critical full-thickness defects (FTD) in not mature and still growing sheep model and compared repaired tissue after Pridie's technique to the same technique combined with type I collagen matrix. Thirty-six FTD were divided into group 1 (untreated), group 2 (treated according to ...
Mullaji Arun - - 2011
The weightbearing axis of the limb goes from the pelvis to the ground and includes the hindfoot. However, the influence of hindfoot alignment on mechanical axis and overall limb alignment after TKA is unclear. We therefore addressed the following questions: (1) Does hindfoot alignment change after TKA for knee osteoarthritis? ...
Hong Young Joon - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of a usual dose of simvastatin (20 mg/day) on plaque regression and vascular remodeling at the peri-stent reference segments after bare-metal stent implantation. We retrospectively investigated serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) findings in 380 peri-stent reference segments (184 proximal and 196 ...
Srisurang Suttapreyasri S Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, - - 2011
  To assess and compare the efficacy of single buccal and palatal infiltration of lidocaine, mepivacaine, or articaine with 1:100 000 epinephrine by maxillary anesthetic injection.   A double-blinded, randomized, clinical trial was conducted with 33 patients undergoing upper premolar extraction. The patients were randomly allocated into one of three groups, ...
Etame Arnold B - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess for peri-operative factors associated with brain shift following craniotomy for subdural grid electrode placement. A retrospective analysis of cases operated at a single institution was undertaken, examining 63 consecutive patients undergoing craniotomy for subdural grid placement for seizure monitoring between 2001 and ...
Yen Chun-Po - - 2010
Increased signals on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging usually interpreted as radiation-induced changes or brain edema is a common short- to mid-term complication after Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) for intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), although its nature remains to be clarified. Early draining vein occlusion with resultant brain edema or hemorrhage, although ...
Stein Marco - - 2010
Primary spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH) with secondary intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) accounts for the highest in-hospital mortality after stroke. To analyze predictors and the role of acute hydrocephalus in outcome, especially 30-day mortality or an unfavorable outcome at 6 months. In addition, a new risk stratification tool for SICH- IVH was ...
Bhatia K S S - - 2010
Although previous studies have documented correlations between pre-treatment or post-treatment primary tumour volumes and local outcome following definitive concomitant chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), no study has included and compared tumour volumes during CCRT. We reviewed the MRIs of 69 HNSCC patients treated with a ...
Dos Santos Marcos Antonio - - 2011
Patients with cavernous sinus meningiomas (CSM) have an elevated risk of surgical morbidity and mortality. Recurrence is often observed after partial resection. Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), either alone or combined with surgery, represents an important advance in CSM management, but long-term results are lacking. A total of 88 CSM patients, treated ...
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