Search Results
Results 1051 - 1100 of 1190
< 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 >
Pike M M - - 1993
Post-mortem (PM) glycolytic rate in beef M. longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL) was controlled by applying low-voltage electrical stimulation (ES) for 1 min at different stages along the slaughter line. The ES treatments were as follows: (1) No electrical stimulation (NES); (2) 75 V to one side of the carcass ...
Curran W J WJ - - 1992
BACKGROUND: The third and final randomization of Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 83-02 was performed to identify the maximal tolerated dose and potential efficacy of accelerated hyperfractionated radiation therapy (AHRT) in 1.6 Gy twice-daily fractions for adult malignant glioma. METHODS: From December 1987 to July 1989, 304 patients with malignant ...
Sharma V S - - 1992
The usefulness of arteriography and transcatheter treatment was studied in nine patients with gastrointestinal hemorrhage and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Selective arteriography was performed in all patients; transcatheter treatment was performed by means of embolotherapy or selective vasopressin infusion. Medical records were reviewed to determine the cause of hemorrhage and ...
U H S - - 1992
The surgical treatment of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) located in deep periventricular regions such as the basal ganglia is associated with marked morbidity and mortality. Approaches through critical brain regions afford limited exposure of the lesions, while surgical dissection is sometimes complicated by acute severe brain swelling and/or hemorrhage in the ...
Guy G E - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: The major risk of transcatheter embolotherapy for acute hemorrhage in the lower gastrointestinal tract is irreversible intestinal ischemia. The authors studied the efficacy and safety of superselective transcatheter embolization with polyvinyl alcohol particles in arresting acute hemorrhage in the lower gastrointestinal tract. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All patients with clinical ...
Kenny B G - - 1992
Stereotactic linear accelerator (linac) radiosurgery has been in operation in the West Midlands since 1987, the first of its kind in the United Kingdom. Forty two patients with high-flow cerebral arteriovenous malformations have been treated, 26 of whom have been followed up. Angiography one year after treatment showed that five ...
Steiner L - - 1992
The clinical outcomes are described for 247 consecutive cases of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) treated with the gamma knife between April, 1970, and December 31, 1983. Headache resolved in 65 (66.3%) of the 98 patients presenting with this symptom and improved in an additional nine (9.2%). Of 59 patients admitted with ...
Miralbell R - - 1992
Thirty-six patients with benign meningioma were treated for primary or recurrent disease by subtotal resection and external beam irradiation from 1968-1986 at Massachusetts General Hospital. Comparison is made with 79 patients treated by subtotal surgery alone from 1962-1980. Progression-free survival for 17 patients irradiated after initial incomplete surgery was 88% ...
Arienta C - - 1992
Forty-six cases of intracranial meningioma in patients above 70 years of age form the basis of this study; 34 underwent surgery while 12 did not. The decision to operate was based on the general condition of the patient, evaluated according to the Karnofsky index, neurological conditions, the site and dimensions ...
Remy J - - 1992
A total of 109 single or multiple pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) were evaluated with computed tomography (CT) of the chest in 40 patients separated into three groups to study the usefulness of CT (a) in the diagnosis and pretherapeutic management of PAVMs by comparison with selective pulmonary angiography of each ...
Verniers D A - - 1992
Between 1970 and 1990, 22 patients with 44 chemodectomas in the head and neck region were seen at the Netherlands Cancer Institute in Amsterdam. All patients were treated with radiation therapy (17 patients with radiation therapy only and 5 in combination with surgery). One patient was treated two times with ...
Friedman W A - - 1992
The University of Florida radiosurgical project began in 1986 with the following design criteria: the most accurate radiosurgical device possible, state-of-the-art computer hardware and software for dose planning, and a number of collimators sufficient to treat any lesion homogeneously. In this article we have reviewed how these goals have been ...
da Costa D M - - 1992
A retrospective analysis was made of 24 cases of nasopharyngeal angiofibroma treated by the ENT Department of the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre between 1975 and 1989. All the patients were male with an average age of 16. All were treated by surgery alone, with an average peri-operative blood ...
Karasek K - - 1992
PURPOSE: To systematically assess the functional outcome of patients treated with surgery and irradiation for extremity or truncal sarcomas, and to correlate this outcome with a detailed analysis of the radiation dose distribution and surgical technique. Conservative surgery and radiation therapy (RT) are known to provide excellent local control, but ...
Maurice-Williams R S - - 1992
We have investigated the effect of age on the outcome of first time surgery for intracranial meningiomas. In a retrospective study, 144 consecutive patients were divided into three groups: young (up to 44 years of age, 38 patients), middle-aged (45-64 years, 60 patients) and elderly (65 years and over, 46 ...
Kligerman M M - - 1992
The objectives of this randomized trial are to define the maximum tolerated dose of radiation therapy, at curative dose levels, that can be delivered following WR-2721, and to observe the anti-tumor effects and normal tissue responses. One hundred patients with inoperable, unresectable, or recurrent rectal cancer were stratified and randomized ...
Zumkeller M - - 1992
Our retrospective study included 104 patients (28 female and 76 male) with intracerebral bleeding, treated between 1978 and 1988 in the Neurosurgical Clinic of the Medical University in Hannover. The average age was 43 years. 53 patients presented with traumatic intracerebral bleedings, and 51 with spontaneous hematomas. 31 patients with ...
Tribble C G - - 1991
To assess the morbidity and mortality of preoperative radiation therapy (RT), the authors reviewed 37 consecutive patients who underwent transhiatal esophagectomy for carcinoma of the esophagus. Twelve patients received no RT, 13 patients received RT only to the neck, and 12 received RT to the chest (three of these received ...
Yeo T T - - 1991
Initial experience with the Brown-Roberts-Wells (BRW) computed tomographic (CT)-guided stereotactic system is reported. Forty-two procedures were performed over a 22-month period on 21 female and 20 male patients (one patient had a repeat procedure). Their ages ranged from 11 years to 89 years. These included 21 stereotactic biopsy procedures, 2 ...
Fournier D - - 1991
The authors report the results of treatment in 49 consecutive patients with brain arteriovenous malformations (AVM's) who underwent therapeutic embolization with liquid adhesive agents between 1984 and 1988 at the Toronto Western Hospital. Thirty-three patients had no other treatment and were followed up with angiography at 2 years and clinically ...
Wen X L - - 1991
Synthetic corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) was administered pre-operatively to five patients who underwent craniotomy for brain tumors, acute subdural and intracerebral hematomas. After craniotomy, an intraventricular catheter is placed in the ventricle, on the normal side of brain. This is for intracranial pressure monitoring. The data obtained were pooled and compared ...
Liu C W - - 1991
The CT and median somatosensory and brainstem auditory evoked potentials (SEP and BAEP) were studied in 80 patients with spontaneous putaminal hemorrhage for their values in the early prediction of functional outcome. The CT scan was performed within 2 days and EPs within a week after the onset of symptoms. ...
Chieng P U - - 1991
To determine the effect of cranial irradiation on hypothalamic blood flow, we performed 44 regional cerebral blood flow studies with 99mTc hexamethyl propyleneamine oxime (HMPAO) single-photon emission CT (SPECT) on four normal volunteers and 34 patients with pathologically proved nasopharyngeal cancer. Twenty-three men and 15 women, 30-65 years old, were ...
Lee H S - - 1991
We analyzed the clinical courses of 93 consecutive patients with gangliothalmic hemorrhage for the first three weeks after the ictus and investigated the factors affecting the clinical course and the final outcome. The clinical status was assessed daily using the Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) and patients were divided into two ...
Rådberg J A - - 1991
We examined a series of 200 consecutive patients with spontaneous intracerebral hematoma clinically and by computed tomography, excluding patients with trauma, aneurysm, or tumor. Hematoma volume varied from 1 to 230 (average 35) ml, and overall mortality was 30% (60 patients). Of the 200 patients, 14% (28) were receiving anticoagulants; ...
Bouchama A - - 1991
In developing countries, 5 to 8% of the space-occupying lesions of the central nervous system are tuberculomas. Diagnosis can be difficult in the absence of extracranial tuberculosis; computed tomography is suggestive only. To assess the value of brain biopsies in tuberculomas, the records of 15 patients aged 6 to 80 ...
Malik G M - - 1991
Between January 1941 and June 1989, 46 children below the age of 18 with an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) were managed. There were 7 patients with AVM diagnosed before the age of 2; 10 patients were diagnosed between the ages of 3 and 10; and 29 patients were diagnosed between 11 ...
Steinberg G K - - 1991
Between July 1983 and July 1989, we treated 35 patients with surgically inaccessible, symptomatic angiographically occult vascular malformations (AOVMs) using stereotactic heavy-charged-particle radiosurgery. AOVMs were located in the brainstem (19), thalamus or internal capsule (9), basal ganglia (3), deep cerebral hemisphere and motor area (3), or cerebellopontine angle (1). All ...
Sekhar L N LN Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, - - 1991
The operative experience with 137 tumours of the cavernous sinus at the University of Pittsburgh during the past 7 years is reported. The importance of the normal and tumour-infiltrated cavernous sinus anatomy and imaging is delineated. 63% of the tumours are benign, primarily meningiomas, for which an anatomical grading system ...
Tupchong L - - 1991
This is a report of a 10-year median follow-up of a randomized, prospective study investigating the optimal sequencing of radiation therapy (RT) in relation to surgery for operable advanced head and neck cancer. In May 1973, the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) began a Phase III study of preoperative radiation ...
Barcia-Salorio J L JL Servicio de Neurocirugia, Hospital Clinico Universitario, Valencia, - - 1991
The good results obtained by stereotactic radiosurgery in arteriovenous malformations has led the authors to expect similar results in low flow carotid-cavernous fistulae. In this paper, 20 cases who underwent radiosurgery with a conventional gamma source are presented. The total dose delivered was 36 to 40 Gy. 90% of the ...
Steinberg G K - - 1991
89 patients with angiographically documented arteriovenous malformations were treated with helium ion Bragg peak radiation. The rate of complete angiographic obliteration 2 years after radiation was 94% in those lesions smaller than 4 cm3 (2.0 cm in diameter), 75% for those 4-25 cm3 and 39% for those larger than 25 ...
Todo T - - 1991
Six patients with severe intraventricular hemorrhage were treated with direct intraventricular infusion of urokinase. In each case, hemorrhage extended into all ventricular chambers, and a cast formation and expansion of the third and fourth ventricles were found. Immediately after the therapy was started (within 7 days from onset of symptoms), ...
Daverat P - - 1991
Using death and functional status as end points, we prospectively analyzed the outcome 6 months after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage in 166 patients admitted to an acute-care stroke unit on the first day of their stroke. Seventy-one patients (43%) died, 69 (42%) had a satisfactory outcome, and 26 (16%) had a ...
Biondi A - - 1990
To evaluate the long-term results of endovascular treatment with particles in the management of thoracic intramedullary arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), the authors retrospectively reviewed the angiographic and clinical findings in 35 patients. Follow-up was 1-15 years (mean, 6 years) in 28 patients and 6-10 months (mean, 7 months) in seven. A ...
Kondziolka D - - 1990
Stereotactic radiosurgery has been shown to treat successfully angiographically demonstrated arteriovenous malformations of the brain. Angiographic obliteration has represented cure and eliminated the risk of future hemorrhage. The role of radiosurgery in the treatment of angiographically occult vascular malformations (AOVMs) has been less well defined. In the initial 32 months ...
Saunders M I - - 1990
Between January 1985 and December 1988, 62 patients with locally advanced carcinoma of the bronchus were treated by radiotherapy using continuous, hyperfractionated, accelerated radiotherapy (CHART). With this regime on each of 12 consecutive days 3 fractions were given with a time interval of 6 hr between each. Initially a dose ...
Saydjari R - - 1990
Polyvinyl alcohol particles used to embolize an arteriovenous malformation of the tongue were only temporarily successful. Additional embolization therapy was necessary and was complicated by ischemic ulcers of the tongue. We conclude that embolization therapy can be used, but the efficacy of this therapy in the longer term remains to ...
Sause W T - - 1990
From 1983 through 1986, the Southwest Oncology Group and Radiation Therapy Oncology Group conducted an intergroup study designed to evaluate the effectiveness of surgical resection in those patients with solitary central nervous system (CNS) metastases. The study was initially designed as a prospective randomized trial. Because of difficulty accruing patients, ...
Fujitsu K - - 1990
Serial computerized tomography (CT) scans were correlated with a precise time-course analysis of the neurological condition of 180 patients with hypertensive putaminal hemorrhage. All patients entered the study within 3 hours of the ictus. In this series, 111 patients were treated conservatively and 69 surgically. The neurological condition of each ...
Ondra S L - - 1990
The authors have updated a series of 166 prospectively followed unoperated symptomatic patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVM's) of the brain. Follow-up data were obtained for 160 (96%) of the original population, with a mean follow-up period of 23.7 years. The rate of major rebleeding was 4.0% per year, and the ...
Dawson R C RC - - 1990
Seven patients with large arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the brain were selected for combined therapy with particulate embolization, followed by radiosurgery of the residual nidus. The goal of embolization was to reduce the patient nidus to a size that facilitated successful stereotactic radiosurgery. Angiograms obtained 1 and 2 years after ...
Hashimoto M - - 1990
Ten patients with cerebral venous angioma (VA) were followed up for 12 to 106 months. Seven VAs were found as a result of intracerebral hemorrhage and the others were found incidentally. Among three VAs cauterized or partially excised, one disappeared but two were unchanged on follow-up angiography. Another VA, treated ...
Aoki N - - 1990
The cases of 30 infants with chronic subdural hematoma treated surgically between 1978 and 1987 (after the introduction of computerized tomography) were reviewed. This series was limited to infants presenting with increased intracranial pressure, neurological deficits, or developmental retardation. Nineteen patients were male and 11 were female, ranging in age ...
Konski A - - 1990
Radiation therapy has been shown to prevent heterotopic bone formation in high risk patients undergoing total hip replacement. A number of doses have been used without a randomized trial comparing one dose regimen against another. A prospective randomized trial was undertaken comparing 10 Gy in 5 fractions versus 8 Gy ...
Wakai S - - 1990
The authors conducted a prospective comparative study on the recurrence rate of chronic subdural hematoma after the use of two different treatment modalities: burr-hole irrigation of the hematoma cavity with (Group A) and without closed-system drainage (Group B). Thirty-eight patients were studied. Patients were assigned to groups sequentially upon admission. ...
Ogilvy C S - - 1990
There have been numerous case reports and series of patients treated with partial brain irradiation, linear accelerator-based radiosurgery, gamma knife radiosurgery, and Bragg peak therapy for inoperable arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). These cases are summarized and compared. There is convincing evidence that radiation therapy does have a role in obliterating carefully ...
Asthana A K - - 1990
Vertebral haemangiomas are slowly growing benign tumours and are usually asymptomatic. They rarely cause symptoms and signs related to cord compression. Larger lesions create significant problems during surgery because of haemorrhage and vascular supply crucial to spinal cord function. In such severely symptomatic vertebral haemangiomas, radiation therapy has been tried ...
Påhlman L - - 1990
Between October 1980 and December 1985, 471 patients with a resectable rectal carcinoma entered a randomized multicenter trial for comparison of pre- and postoperative irradiation. Two hundred thirty-six patients were allocated to receive high-dose fractionated preoperative irradiation (total dosage, 25.5 Gy in five to seven days) and 235 patients to ...
Etou A - - 1990
Despite modern diagnostic and operative methods, the mortality and morbidity rates of spontaneous cerebellar hematomas remain very high, i.e., according to a review of the literature as high as 45%. By stereotactic puncture, partial evacuation and fibrinolysis of the remaining hematoma with urokinase, much more favorable results can be achieved. ...
< 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 >