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Brown R D RD - - 1994
This long-term follow-up study of 54 patients clarifies the angiographic predictors of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and clinical outcome in individuals with unoperated intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulae (AVF's). All of these patients were examined at the Mayo Clinic between 1976 and 1989, and all available cerebral arteriograms were reviewed by a ...
Nakstad P H - - 1994
We prospectively evaluated a diagnostic and therapeutic procedure combining superselective angiography, endovascular embolisation and surgery in arteriovenous malformations (AVM) of the brain. Our aim was to achieve the best possible result exposing the patients to the lowest possible risk. During a 3 year period 48 patients were studied, of whom ...
Pollock B E - - 1994
To define the outcomes after stereotactic radiosurgery performed for smaller volume arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) that are potentially suitable for surgical removal, we retrospectively reviewed our 4-year experience in 65 patients who declined microsurgery. All 65 patients had Spetzler-Martin Grade I or II AVMs and a minimum follow-up of 24 months ...
Pochanugool L - - 1994
This series of 193 patients represents the results in management of retinoblastoma. In cases treated 15 years ago when definitive radiotherapy and fat soluble chemotherapy were not utilized, the results of the treatment were very disappointing. The outcome was more promising after October 1985. Even if all the patients were ...
Bachaud J M - - 1994
From 1977 to 1990, 94 evaluable patients were treated with iridium-192 implantation in the Centre Claudius Regaud for a Stage I (52 patients) or a Stage II (42 patients) squamous cell carcinoma of the mobile tongue and/or the floor of the mouth. Interstitial brachytherapy was associated with external irradiation in ...
Lingareddy V - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Clinical stage of disease is an important selection criterion for choice of primary treatment and strategies for adjunctive therapy for most cancers. For adenocarcinoma of the rectum, strategies for adjuvant treatment are based primarily on pathologic stage alone, without consideration of presenting clinical factors. This analysis was undertaken to ...
Chatani M - - 1994
PURPOSE: Since September 1980 we have been conducting a prospective randomized trial to determine the best treatment schedule for radiation therapy (XRT) on brain metastasis from lung carcinoma. The first trial (September 1980 to December 1984) was randomly allocated by two different time-dose radiotherapy schemes, i.e., 30 Gy/ten fractions/two weeks ...
Hillegass W B - - 1994
Thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has reduced mortality at the expense of additional intracranial hemorrhages. To determine whether this trade-off has been optimized, a decision analysis was performed using pooled data to determine the further reductions in mortality required to justify increased intracranial hemorrhage rates from more potent ...
Kobayashi S - - 1994
One hundred and one consecutive patients with hypertensive cerebellar hemorrhage were analyzed to determine the criteria for surgery. New criteria based on the patient's Glasgow Coma Scale score at admission and the maximum diameter of the hematoma, as disclosed by computed tomography, are proposed from a retrospective analysis of 52 ...
Pendl G - - 1994
During the period of one year, from the 21. 4. 1992 to 21. 4. 1993, a total of 201 radiosurgical sessions on 181 patients were performed with the first Austrian Gamma-unit in Graz. 42% of radiosurgical sessions were undertaken for malignomas, 20% for meningiomas, 11.5% for vascular malformations, 9% for ...
Inoue H K - - 1994
21 younger patients (less than 10 years of age) with brain tumours, treated by conventional irradiation, were followed 5 to 20 years (mean 12), using CT scan and/or MR imaging, in order to evaluate adverse effects on the developing brain. Pathological changes such as brain atrophy, lesions in the white ...
Tone O O Department of Neurosurgery, Musashino Red Cross Hospital, Tokyo, - - 1994
We examined the effectiveness of high colloid oncotic pressure (COP) therapy to suppress and/or reduce brain edema associated with putaminal hemorrhage of patients whose clinical grades were grade 3 or 4a classified according to the Japanese neurological grading for putaminal hemorrhage. In the treated group of 11 patients, 25% albumin ...
Colombo F - - 1994
228 patients affected by cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) underwent linear accelerator radiosurgery. Follow-up ranges from 1 to 100 months (mean 42 months). Complete angiographic obliteration was achieved in 47% of treated patients at one year and 80% at 2 years. 17 haemorrhages were observed after treatment and 6 patients died ...
Barcia-Salorio J L - - 1994
25 patients with low-flow carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) underwent radiosurgery between 1977 and 1992. 22 had spontaneous low flow fistulae and 3 traumatic high flow fistulae which had been previously treated with internal carotid trapping. The mean preoperative symptomatic period was 12.2 months (4-24 months). Fistulae were classified according to Barrow's ...
Posadas G - - 1994
The purpose of the present retrospective study is to analyse 14 patients harbouring brainstem haematomas and to discuss the early and late prognosis. The patients were divided into two groups: group A (survivors), 8 patients with follow-up duration ranging between 8 months and 12 years; and group B (nonsurvivors), 6 ...
Lisk D R - - 1994
Criteria for selecting patients for possible surgery in the management of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are needed to plan a prospective therapeutic evaluation of surgical intervention. This study specifically addressed patients seen in the emergency room within a few hours of the ictus, many of whom were still awake, to identify ...
Colombo F - - 1994
One hundred eighty patients affected by cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) underwent radiosurgical treatment in our department. One hundred fifty-three patients have been treated with complete irradiation of the entire AVM nidus. In 27 patients (with large and/or three-dimensional irregular target volumes), only part of the nidus was covered with a ...
Hamann G F - - 1994
Plasma big endothelin (BE) levels were studied in 17 patients during the first 2 weeks following spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Three patients had experienced an infratentorial hemorrhage of the pons and cerebellum. The group of 14 patients with supratentorial hemorrhage presented with 8 hematomas of the putamen, 4 of the ...
Ganz J C - - 1994
The results of Leksell Gamma Knife treatment of diencephalic gliomas are presented. Eight tumours in seven patients form the basis of this report. 7 patients, 4 males and 3 females. The age range was 7.5 to 33 years with a mean of 18 years. Mean follow-up was 21 +/- 12 ...
Larouere M J - - 1994
Four patients with grade C or D(1) glomus jugulare tumors who underwent preoperative highly selective embolization followed by infratemporal fossa removal of their tumors were compared to three patients undergoing surgery alone with respect to intraoperative blood loss, operative time, cranial nerve palsy, length of hospitalization, and perioperative complications. Embolized ...
Lippitz B E - - 1994
In a series of 10 patients with stereotactically treated basal ganglia haematoma rtPA was used to dissolve remaining clots. Pre-operative haematoma volume ranged between 39 and 111 cm3 (average 56 cm3). Stereotactic aspiration alone yielded an average volume reduction of 60% (range 23 to 78%). Haematoma cavity was instillated with ...
Guedea F - - 1994
Esthesioneuroblastoma is an uncommon tumour of neural crest origin arising in the nasal cavity. This paper is a retrospective review of 7 patients with esthesioneuroblastoma treated at a single institution from May 1974 to July 1990. 5 patients were treated with radiation therapy alone and 2 patients were irradiated after ...
Stea R A - - 1994
Optimal management of symptomatic cavernous angiomas (CA) located in the thalamus and the brainstem is problematic. Clinical and radiological (MRI) follow-up series suggest that having hemorrhaged once, recurrent hemorrhage with progressive neurologic dysfunction may commonly occur. We have therefore chosen to treat these lesions when first symptomatic with stereotactic linear ...
Gijtenbeek J M - - 1993
Ninety-three patients above 60 years of age underwent craniotomy for intracranial meningioma removal between 1980 and 1990 at the University Hospital Rotterdam. Sixty-four patients were 60-70 years of age, 29 were 70 years or older. Retrospectively, operative mortality, morbidity and outcome on discharge from hospital and at 6 months were ...
Perez C A - - 1993
This report describes the experience in 40 evaluable patients entered into a Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) study to evaluate the feasibility of administering 45 degrees C for 15 minutes for superficial malignant lesions: 18 patients (45%) tolerated only 1 heat session at 45 degrees C; 7 (17.5%), 2 sessions; ...
Snijders-Keilholz T - - 1993
A retrospective analysis was performed on 44 patients with squamous carcinoma of the vulva (1980-1989). Patients were divided into two subgroups, group I (n = 39) treated with curative intent with surgery alone or with surgery combined with radiotherapy and group II (n = 5) treated with palliative intent with ...
Hori E - - 1993
We herein reviewed 630 malformed fetuses delivered from 24 weeks of gestation onwards in our institute over the past 22 years. These fetuses were divided into 2 groups: 210 from 1970 to 1982 (group 1) and 420 from 1983 to 1991 (group 2). Twenty-two varieties of congenital malformations were diagnosed ...
Shi X E - - 1993
Twelve patients with large arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) were subjected to endovascular embolization followed by surgery. Of the 12 patients, 9 were males and 3 females. Their age ranged from 11 to 37 years. Eleven AVM nidi were more than 6 cm in diameter and one AVM, located in a crucial ...
Aoki N - - 1993
While the efficacy of cerebrovascular bypass surgery for Moyamoya disease with ischemic events has been substantiated, the surgical indication for the patients presenting with intracranial hemorrhage is as yet undetermined. In an effort to prevent rebleeding from rupture of Moyamoya vessels, seven patients with intracranial hemorrhage underwent indirect bypass surgery. ...
McKenzie M R - - 1993
Between December 1986 and June 1990, 112 patients (116 lesions), underwent treatment with dynamic stereotactic radiosurgery at McGill University. Of the treated lesions, 59 were arteriovenous malformations and 53 were a variety of other neoplastic conditions. In 86 lesions, the treatment was delivered in a single fraction and the treatment ...
Bono R - - 1993
The aim of the study is to define the role of associated malformations in the clinical evolution of children affected by myelomeningocele. MRI investigation of the spinal cord was carried out on 25 patients between the age of 7.3 and 18.10 with MMC repaired and followed up for at least ...
Stevens J M - - 1993
To determine whether clinical features attributed to cerebellar ectopia could be related to the severity of the malformation, and if morphological features could be related to operative outcome, a retrospective study of 141 patients with the adult Chiari malformation was carried out, 81 receiving operative treatment. Morphological parameters derived from ...
Singhal S - - 1993
The records of five patients who received local irradiation for incompletely excised or inoperable glomus tumour were retrospectively reviewed. Age ranged from 25 to 46 years. There were two female and three male patients. Two patients who were solely treated by radiation therapy remain clinically disease free at 30 and ...
Bindal R K - - 1993
The authors conducted a retrospective review of the charts of 56 patients who underwent resection for multiple brain metastases. Of these, 30 had one or more lesions left unresected (Group A) and 26 underwent resection of all lesions (Group B). Twenty-six other patients with a single metastasis who underwent resection ...
Puskas J D - - 1993
We have treated 21 patients (13 female, 8 male) with pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs). Mean age at diagnosis was 37.5 years (range, 15 to 72 years). Presenting symptoms included dyspnea on exertion (67%), hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (57%), and major neurologic events (33%). In our early experience, 8 patients had no ...
Miller D W - - 1993
BACKGROUND: The neurologic outcome from conventional medical or surgical therapy of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is poor; however, stereotactically guided instillation of thrombolytic agents to dissolve parenchymal clots due to hypertensive hemorrhage has recently produced results equal to or better than those obtained with conventional therapies. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether stereotactic ...
Findlay J M - - 1993
The patients with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) were treated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) injected directly into the lateral ventricles, followed by ventricular drainage. All had a decreased level of consciousness before treatment (Glasgow Coma Scale score 10 +/- 3.4). A total dose between 2 and 12 mg of rt-PA ...
Chow D C - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Primary tracheal tumors are a rare malignancy. Before 1960, most patients had a biopsy, followed by external orthovoltage irradiation or radon seed implantation. Advances in surgery and in radiation therapy during the past three decades have allowed more patients to undergo definitive treatment. METHODS: Between 1957 and 1988, 22 ...
Hudgins W R - - 1993
Radiosurgery is the precise targeting of ionizing radiation to inactivate or destroy pathologic tissue while sparing adjacent tissue. Like surgery, radiosurgery is done in a single treatment; unlike surgery, radiosurgery does not require an anesthetic or an incision. A specific device for neurosurgery, the gamma knife, uses 201 separate 60Co ...
Kasper M E - - 1993
PURPOSE: To provide an analysis of nine patients with juvenile angiofibroma treated with radiotherapy between June 1975 and June 1987. METHODS AND MATERIALS: All patients had a minimum 3 years of follow-up; six of the patients had greater than 5 years and four had greater than 10 years of follow-up. ...
Redekop G J - - 1993
Conventional radiation therapy has been used in the treatment of arteriovenous malformations (AVM's) for many years, but there are limited data pertaining to specific treatment parameters, long-term results, and complications. Between 1955 and 1985, 15 patients with AVM's deemed inoperable or incompletely obliterated using surgical or endovascular techniques were treated ...
Marks M P - - 1993
PURPOSE: Previous reports of embolization of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) have evaluated the technique as adjunctive therapy prior to surgery or radiosurgery; our aim is to assess the role of embolization following radiosurgery. PATIENTS: Six patients previously treated with radiosurgery and showing no response as judged by cerebral angiography were ...
Kvilekval K H - - 1993
To better understand the prognosis of atheroembolic disease, we reviewed the outcomes of 41 patients with embolization to the viscera and lower extremities. All cases involved emboli that originated from a radiographically identified proximal arterial source. There were 30 men and 11 women (mean age 65 years; mean follow-up time ...
Karram T - - 1993
PURPOSE: To compare the outcome of patients with radiation-induced constrictive pericarditis versus patients with constriction due to another etiology. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty patients with constrictive pericarditis seen during 1975-1986 at a single medical center. Six had radiation-induced constrictive pericarditis (Group A). The etiology was idiopathic in ten subjects and ...
Salvati M - - 1993
This study examines the immediate and long-term results of surgical treatment for intracranial meningioma in patients aged 65 and over. Average patient age was 69 years. The most frequent localizations were the convexity (29.8%) and the sphenoid wing (20.1%). Preoperative risk factors included hypertension (16.1%), cardiopathies (16.1%), diabetes (12.9%) pneumopathies ...
Brown T - - 1993
Two spray-chilling treatments were developed to improve appearance and reduce weight loss during lamb chilling. Rates of cooling and weight loss and meat quality were compared to conventionally chilled carcasses. The first treatment was an intermittent spray during the first 3 h of chilling. The second consisted of only two ...
Guo W Y - - 1993
A case with an ill-defined arteriovenous malformation in the parieto-occipital region is presented. Open surgery was unsuccessful in removing the AVM totally, and treatment with gamma knife radiosurgery was then attempted. At 14 months after this treatment the AVM was believed to be obliterated. The patient had a new intracranial ...
Jafar J J - - 1993
Endovascular therapy of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM's) is an accepted adjunct to surgical therapy. However, the literature has not characterized the benefits or the liabilities of preoperative embolization. This series compares two groups of patients who underwent surgical resection of a cerebral AVM; one group (20 patients) received preoperative transfemoral ...
You Q S - - 1993
Long-term results of 122 patients with advanced rectal cancer who were randomly treated with three different methods from July 1984 to July 1986. Of 122 patients, 44 were treated with endocavitary 915 MHz microwave applicators combined with 10 MeV X-ray or 60CO followed by surgery (group A), 38 with preoperative ...
Duma C M CM Department of Neurosurgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, - - 1993
The challenges associated with microsurgery of vascular malformations located in the midbrain, pons and medulla have promoted the development of alternative therapeutic techniques. To assess the efficacy and safety of radiosurgery in the management of brain stem vascular malformations we reviewed our 5-year experience in 50 patients evaluated between 4 ...
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