Search Results
Results 801 - 850 of 1190
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Sjöblom L - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients treated with oral anticoagulants (ACs) have an increased risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), which is more often fatal than spontaneous ICH. Options to reverse the AC effect include intravenous administration of vitamin K, plasma, and coagulation factor concentrate. However, the optimal management of AC-related ICH has ...
Hillman J - - 2001
OBJECT: The author sought to describe overall management data on cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and to focus the actuarial need for different treatment modalities on a population-based scale. Such data would seem important in the planning of regional or national multimodality strategies for the treatment of AVMs. This analysis of ...
Cruz J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical outcomes and postoperative physiological findings for comatose patients with acute subdural hematomas who received preoperative high-dose mannitol (HDM) versus conventional-dose mannitol treatment. METHODS: One hundred seventy-eight adult patients with non-missile, traumatic, acute, subdural hematomas were prospectively and randomly assigned to receive emergency, preoperative, intravenous HDM treatment ...
Perry A - - 2001
Pediatric and NF2-associated meningiomas are uncommon and poorly characterized in comparison to sporadic adult cases. In order to elucidate their molecular features, we analyzed MIB-1, progesterone receptor (PR), NF2, merlin, DAL-1, DAL-1 protein, and chromosomal arms 1p and 14q in 53 meningiomas from 40 pediatric/NF2 patients using immunohistochemistry and dual-color ...
Friedman D P - - 2001
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to evaluate the early posttreatment MR findings, and their clinical utility, in patients with trigeminal neuralgia undergoing stereotactic radiosurgery using the gamma knife. METHOD: Twenty-six patients with medically refractory trigeminal neuralgia underwent stereotactic radiosurgery. A single dose of 70-90 Gy was administered to ...
Langer C J - - 2001
PURPOSE: Fractionated external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) +/- carmustine (BCNU) is the standard of care for patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), but survival results remain poor. Preclinical studies indicate synergy between RT and paclitaxel (TAX) in astrocytoma cell lines. Phase I studies in GBM have demonstrated a maximum tolerated dose for ...
Oishi M - - 2001
The clinical, radiological, and operative factors of recurrent chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) were retrospectively analyzed in 116 patients with CSDH in 134 hemispheres, treated by one burr hole surgery. The correlation of recurrence was evaluated with personal and clinical factors such as age, sex, history of head injury, and interval ...
Régis J - - 2001
OBJECT: This study was directed to evaluate the potential role of gamma knife surgery (GKS) in the treatment of secondary trigeminal neuralgia (TN). The authors have identified three anatomicoclinical types of secondary TN requiring different radiosurgical approaches. METHODS: Pain control was retrospectively analyzed in a population of patients harboring tumors ...
Kurtsoy A - - 2001
Acute management of deep-seated hematomas remains controversial. Since patients with these hematoma later tend to develop severe edema and necrosis around the lesion, when surgery is indicated it should be done as early as possible. The purpose of this study was to compare whether early surgical removal and conservative treatment ...
Barker F G FG - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Hemorrhages from cerebral cavernous malformations (CMs) sometimes seem to occur in closely spaced "clusters" interspersed with long hemorrhage-free intervals. Clustering of hemorrhages could affect retrospective assessments of radiosurgery efficacy in prevention of CM rehemorrhage. However, this empirical observation had not been tested quantitatively. To test whether CM hemorrhages tend ...
Pollock B E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Stereotactic radiosurgery is being used with more frequency in the management of patients with trigeminal neuralgia. To improve facial pain outcomes, many centers have increased the prescribed radiation dose to the trigeminal nerve. METHODS: Between April 1997 and December 1999, 68 patients underwent radiosurgery for trigeminal neuralgia with use ...
Morgenstern L B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: A modest benefit was previously demonstrated for hematoma evacuation within 12 hours of intracerebral hemorrhage onset. Perhaps surgery within 4 hours would further improve outcome. METHODS: Adult patients with spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage were prospectively enrolled. Craniotomy and clot evacuation were commenced within 4 hours of symptom onset in ...
Surma-aho O - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study the long-term effects of radiotherapy on cognitive function in adult patients operated on for low-grade glioma. METHODS: A cohort of 160 patients who underwent surgery for low-grade gliomas of cerebral hemisphere between 1980 and 1992 in a single institution serving a defined population was studied. At a ...
Pendl G - - 2001
The effect of radiosurgical treatment of skull base meningiomas in 197 patients with a follow-up of at least 2 years was evaluated. Ninety-two of these patients had combined surgical and radiosurgical treatment, while Gamma Knife Radiosurgery (GKRS) was performed as primary treatment in 105 patients. Follow-up was available in 164 ...
Tsien C - - 2001
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of stereotactic radiosurgery in the treatment of angiographically occult vascular malformations (AOVMs). METHODS AND MATERIALS: From 1987 to 1996, 21 patients, 10 males and 11 females, median age of 41 years (range: 7-75 years), with an intracerebral AOVM underwent stereotactic radiosurgery at our institution. All ...
Mangiafico S S Neuroradiology Unit, Careggi Hospital; Florence, Italy - - - 2001
The authors report the observation of a patient with a Spetzler-Martin grade 3, symptomatic, sulcal cerebral arteriovenous malformation (cAVM) of the left precuneus that after partial, uncomplicated, endovascular embolisation disappeared at 4, 6 and 12 months follow-up. Discussion focuses on the angioarchitectural remodelling of the cAVM over time according to ...
Willinsky R R Department of Medical Imaging, The Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, The Brain Vascular Malformation Study Group, University of Toronto; Toronto, Canada - - - 2001
The role of embolisation in the treatment of small < 3cm) brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) has not been elucidated. We reviewed our experience using embolisation in the treatment of small AVMs and correlated a proposed grading system based on the angioarchitecture to the percentage obliteration achieved by embolisation. Eighty-one small ...
Karlsson B - - 2001
PURPOSE: Radiosurgery does not immediately obliterate an arteriovenous malformation (AVM), and the risk for hemorrhage still persists until the AVM is occluded. There is controversy about whether this risk is altered after as compared to before radiosurgery. The aim of this paper is to study this topic further and to ...
Seegenschmiedt M H - - 2001
PURPOSE: Radiotherapy (RT) can prevent progression of Dupuytren's contracture (DC). It is unknown whether there is a dose response and which dose is sufficient. Herein, the 1-year results of a prospective randomized trial are presented which compared two different RT dose concepts with each other. METHODS: 129 patients (67 males; ...
Dufour H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We report the long-term follow-up of 31 patients with cavernous sinus meningiomas who were treated either with surgery and radiotherapy (RT) or with RT alone. This retrospective review was undertaken to compare long-term efficacy and morbidity of RT with or without previous surgery versus complete, aggressive surgical removal. METHODS: ...
Liu K D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Surgery for deep nuclei arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) is controversial after the introduction of stereotactic irradiation and embolization. However, rupture of an AVM in this location can lead to catastrophic parenchymal or intraventricular hemorrhage. Thus, microsurgery still has its place in treatment of such lesions to prevent the untreated AVM ...
Black P M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Recent study series have reported that post-operative external beam radiation therapy and stereotactic radiosurgery with the linear accelerator or gamma knife improves long-term local control of subtotally resected or recurrent meningiomas. METHODS: Analysis of treatment results in 100 consecutive patients with skull base meningiomas managed by one surgeon with ...
Maesawa S - - 2001
OBJECT: Stereotactic radiosurgery is an increasingly used and the least invasive surgical option for patients with trigeminal neuralgia. In this study, the authors investigate the clinical outcomes in patients treated with this procedure. METHODS: Independently acquired data from 220 patients with idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia who underwent gamma knife radiosurgery were ...
Majhail N S - - 2001
PURPOSE: The factors influencing early complications following Gamma Knife radiosurgery have not been definitely established. We report a prospective study evaluating the incidence of early complications (occurring within 3 months of radiosurgery) and various factors associated with early complications following stereotactic Gamma Knife radiosurgery for intracranial lesions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Hadjipanayis C G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The optimal management of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in critical brain locations remains controversial. To reduce the risk of an AVM hemorrhage and to enhance the possibility of preserving neurological function, stereotactic radiosurgery was performed in 33 patients with newly diagnosed or residual AVMs located within the motor cortex. The ...
Song J K - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Because they are not well established, we investigated the technical success and recurrence rates of n-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) embolization of spinal dural arteriovenous fistulae (SDAVF), and assessed clinical outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively studied all patients with SDAVF treated by NBCA embolization at our institution over an 8-year ...
Zheng L G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Previous papers have reported Gamma Knife radiosurgery to be a safe, effective method for primary trigeminal neuralgia. Since November 1996, we have treated primary trigeminal neuralgia using the Leksell Gamma Knife at the Tianjin Medical University. The present study reports clinical results of Gamma Knife radiosurgery in the treatment ...
Brisman R - - 2000
OBJECT: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) as the primary rather than secondary management for trigeminal neuralgia. METHODS: Eighty-two patients underwent GKS as their first neurosurgical intervention (Group A), and 90 patients underwent GKS following a different procedure (Group B). All ...
Urgosík D - - 2000
OBJECT: Postherpetic neuralgia is a syndrome characterized by intractable pain. Treatment of this pain has not yet been successful. Patients with postherpetic neuralgia will therefore benefit from any progress in the treatment strategy. The authors performed gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) as a noninvasive treatment for postherpetic trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and ...
Pan L - - 2000
The authors report on two patients who underwent radiosurgery for torsion spasm and evaluate the efficiency of gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) as an alternative treatment. The first patient was a 33-year-old woman with severe right-sided lower-limb torsion dystonia. The second patient was a 20-year-old man with right-sided upper-limb torsion dystonia. ...
Nicol B - - 2000
OBJECT: The purpose of this paper was to assess the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia (TN) with the higher than normal dose of 90 Gy. METHODS: Forty-two patients with typical TN were treated over a 3-year period with gamma knife radiosurgery. Every patient received a maximum dose of 90 Gy in ...
Landolt A M - - 2000
OBJECT: In this retrospective investigation the authors examined the results of gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) for tumor remnants after unsuccessful open surgery and medical treatment in 20 patients with prolactinomas. Particular attention is paid to a possible radioprotective action of dopamine agonists similar to the action of octreotide in acromegaly. ...
White R I RI - - 2000
PURPOSE: To assess the long-term efficacy of embolotherapy in combination with surgery for management of symptomatic high-flow arteriovenous malformations (HFAVMs) of the lower and upper extremities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients with symptomatic high-flow lower extremity AVMs (LE-AVMs; n = 9) and upper extremity AVMs (UE-AVMs; n = 11) ...
Kwon T H - - 2000
OBJECT: A wide variation in postoperative drainage volumes is observed during treatment of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) with twist-drill or burr-hole craniostomy and closed-system drainage. In this study the authors investigate the causes of the variation, the clinical significance thereof, and its influence on treatment outcome. METHODS: A total of ...
Bernays R L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To report our preliminary clinical experience in treating patients with hypertensive hemorrhage in the basal ganglia using a minimally invasive approach facilitated by intraoperative real-time imaging of an open magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system and a newly designed cutting suction device. METHODS: We developed an artifact-free device for use ...
Remonda L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Acute and subacute hemorrhage in the head and neck often represent a life-threatening situation. The goal of this study is to evaluate the indications for and contributions of endovascular techniques in the diagnosis and management of such severe cases. DESIGN: Seventy-two patients with acute or subacute intractable hemorrhage of ...
Kwon O K - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the benefits of palliative embolisation of patients with inoperable intracranial AVMs. It involved the analysis of the long-term clinical follow-up results of 27 patients with inoperable intracranial AVMs. Sixteen patients were treated medically and 11 patients received partial embolisation. The mean size ...
Pik J H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To examine the results of surgery in 110 consecutive patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) smaller than 3 cm in diameter. These results are compared with the published results of other microsurgical series as well as with results for patients treated with focused irradiation. METHODS: From January 1989 to November ...
Huh S K - - 2000
The objective was to establish the selection criteria for the optimal management modalities for cerebral arteriovenous malformations. We analysed the complications and late outcomes in 348 consecutive cases (132 microsurgical resections, 202 stereotactic radiosurgeries, 8 embolisations only, 6 combined treatments) managed at Yonsei University Hospital from 1988 to 1997. Files ...
Mehrotra A K - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fibromatoses of the extremities are rare and often recalcitrant to treatment. We evaluated the clinical and pathologic features of a group of extremity fibromatoses treated by surgical excision with or without adjuvant therapy to determine if any clinical or pathologic parameters were predictive of clinical outcome. METHODS: ...
Payne B R - - 2000
OBJECT: The goal of this study was to evaluate the results of gamma surgery in nine patients treated for vein of Galen malformations (VGMs). METHODS: A consecutive series of nine VGMs in eight children aged 4 to 14 years and in one adult were treated with gamma surgery. Six of ...
Kurita H - - 2000
OBJECT: The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence, characteristics, and radiosurgical outcomes of headaches associated with occipital arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). METHODS: The authors reviewed the medical records of 37 consecutive patients with occipital AVMs who had been treated by radiosurgery to identify the radiological features of the ...
Incrocci L - - 2000
PURPOSE: To analyse retrospectively treatment outcome in patients irradiated for Peyronie's disease. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The records of 179 patients, median age 52 years, that received radiotherapy (RT) between 1982 and 1997 were reviewed. 78% presented with painful erections and 89% with penile deformity. The symptoms were present for a ...
Basali A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Previous data suggest that systemic hypertension (HTN) is a risk factor for postcraniotomy intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). The authors examined the relation between perioperative blood pressure elevation and postoperative ICH using a retrospective case control design. METHODS: The hospital's database of all patients undergoing craniotomy from 1976 to 1992 was ...
Reinges M H - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Although there is general agreement that surgery is the best treatment for chronic subdural haematoma (CSDH), the extent of the surgical intervention is not well defined. METHODS: The less invasive surgical technique of bedside percutaneous subdural tapping and spontaneous haematoma efflux after twist drill craniostomy under local anaesthesia was ...
Rogers C L - - 2000
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy and complications of Gamma Knife radiosurgery for trigeminal neuralgia. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The Barrow Neurological Institute (BNI) Gamma Knife facility has been operational since March 17, 1997. A total of 557 patients have been treated, 89 for trigeminal neuralgia (TN). This report includes the first ...
Gore D C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of gut gavage both alone and with enteral administration of monoclonal antibodies to endotoxin on the liberation of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and subsequent hemodynamics after hemorrhage/resuscitation. DESIGN: Dose response intervention, sham-controlled animal study. SETTING: Research laboratory at a university medical center. ANIMALS: Instrumented rats ...
Ross D A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively demonstrate the safety and efficacy of stereotactic radiosurgery for arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the brain with a linear accelerator fitted with a multileaf collimator. METHODS: A novel radiosurgery system was developed at the University of Michigan Medical Center with a standard multileaf collimator and a computer-controlled radiotherapy ...
Evangelista P T - - 2000
PURPOSE: The authors review their experience using transcatheter embolization in the treatment of acute lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on 17 patients who underwent superselective transcatheter embolization for an acute lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage. All 17 patients were followed clinically 4 days to 60 months ...
Eriksson F - - 2000
PURPOSE: (a) To assess the increased risk of death due to ischemic heart disease (IHD) in a group of patients treated for Hodgkin's disease (HD) with radiation therapy (RT) as the primary treatment. (b) To quantify the dose response of IHD using a biophysical model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patient material ...
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