Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1156
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Hartmann Andreas - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Therapy of brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) often requires the combination of different treatment modalities. Independently assessed data on neurologic outcome after multidisciplinary AVM therapy are scarce. METHODS: The 119 consecutive patients (49% women, mean age 34+/-13 years) with brain AVMs receiving endovascular embolization followed by surgical treatment ...
Andrade-Souza Yuri M - - 2005
OBJECT: The aim of this study was to validate the radiosurgery-based arteriovenous malformation (AVM) score and the modified Spetzler-Martin grading system to predict radiosurgical outcome. METHODS: One hundred thirty-six patients with brain AVMs were randomly selected. These patients had undergone a linear accelerator radiosurgical procedure at a single center between ...
Siekmann R R Department of Neuroradiology, University of Giebetaen Medical Center, Giebetaen; Germany - - - 2005
We report the endovascular treatment of a symptomatic dural arteriovenous fistula in a 61- year-old male patient. The medial portion of the fistula was occluded with detachable platinum coils during an initial intervention using a transvenous approach. Due to persistence of the symptoms in a second intervention eight months later ...
Liu Meng - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) guided radiofrequency trigeminal rhizotomy (RF-TR) in treatment of idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia (ITN). METHODS: From 1999 to 2001, 18 patients with ITN were treated with percutaneous controlled RF-TR. Intraoperative 3D-CT scanning was performed to guide the trajectory of the puncture. After ...
Pan Hung-Chuan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: With the advent of interventional neuroradiology and stereotactic radiosurgery, dural arteriovenous fistulae are less often managed with open surgery. We evaluated the outcome of dural arteriovenous fistulae of the cavernous sinus treated with a combination of radiosurgery and embolization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty dural arteriovenous fistulae located in the ...
Vereecken Kevin K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Intraventricular hemorrhage is associated with a very poor outcome. Simple external ventricular drainage alone has not resulted in a decline of mortality. The aim was to study the effect of direct intraventricular administration of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective series of eighteen adult patients ...
Fountas K N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) represents a clinicopathologic entity with a dismal prognosis. The associated mortality rate has been reported as high as 80%; the morbidity is also quite high. The use of various fibrinolytic agents (streptokinase, urokinase, and recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator [rt-PA]) has been reported in a small number ...
Pai Irumee - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) mouthwash influences the outcome of secondary post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage in children. STUDY DESIGN: Ten-year retrospective study of all children with secondary post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage. SETTING: Tertiary otolaryngology center. RESULTS: Of the 156 patients, 59 received H(2)O(2) and 97 did not. All patients received broad-spectrum intravenous ...
Bujko K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The primary outcome was sphincter preservation. No benefit was found with chemoradiation. The aim of this report is to analyse postoperative complications, which were the secondary outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with resectable T3-4 low rectal carcinoma were randomised to receive either pre-operative 5 x 5 Gy irradiation with ...
Thiex Ruth - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Toxic components released from the intracerebral blood clot, such as thrombin and hemoglobin, potentially trigger brain edema formation and therefore favor an early evacuation of the clot. Despite a significant reduction in hematoma size in our porcine model of hematoma induction by injecting autologous blood ICP-controlled into the right ...
Laack Nadia N - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of cranial radiotherapy (RT) on cognitive function in patients with supratentorial low-grade glioma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty adult patients with supratentorial low-grade glioma were treated with 50.4 Gy (10 patients) or 64.8 Gy (10 patients) localized RT. The patients then were evaluated with an extensive ...
Shah S D - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There is no study evaluating the role of clinical, evoked potential and radiological parameters in the prognosis of thalamic hemorrhage employing multivariate logistic regression analysis, thus we aimed to evaluate the role of these parameters in predicting the 3 month outcome following thalamic hemorrhage. SETTING: Tertiary care ...
McNatt Sean A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess outcomes in patients treated with gamma knife radiosurgery for trigeminal neuralgia. METHODS: From 1997 to 2003, a total of 49 patients with trigeminal neuralgia underwent gamma knife radiosurgery. The trigeminal root entry zone immediately adjacent to the pons was targeted by ...
Castinetti Frédéric - - 2005
CONTEXT: Because surgical and medical therapies of acromegaly all have specific limitations, radiotherapy has been used as an adjunctive strategy. Stereotactic radiosurgery has not yet been widely evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to perform an analysis of long-term hormonal effects and tolerance of gamma knife radiosurgery. DESIGN: Eighty-two patients were ...
Vernimmen Frederik J A I - - 2005
PURPOSE: To investigate hypofractionated stereotactic proton therapy of predominantly large intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) by analyzing retrospectively the results from a cohort of patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Since 1993, a total of 85 patients with vascular lesions have been treated. Of those, 64 patients fulfilled the criteria of having an ...
Zhang Pengpeng - - 2005
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate how the spatial relationship between the isocenters of the first and second radiosurgeries affects the overall outcome. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We performed a retrospective study on 40 patients who had repeat gamma knife radiosurgery for trigeminal neuralgia. Only one 4-mm isocenter ...
Nicolato A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study investigates a possible relationship between the effects of gamma knife (GK) on meningioma somatostatin receptors (SRs) and the high rate of early neurological improvement without tumour reduction at short-term imaging follow-up. METHODS: From December 1997 to December 2002, somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) using an 111Indium-labelled somatostatin analogue, ...
Finitsis S S Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Neuroradiology, Neurological University Hospital, Nancy; - - 2005
The purpose of our study was to analyze the outcome of symptomatic radionecrosis following stereotactic radiosurgery for brain arteriovenous malformations. Of 225 patients treated by linear accelerator radiosurgery for brain AVM, 16 (7,1%) presented post-radiosurgery symptomatic radionecrosis on a mean follow-up period of 50 months (range 1-123 months). Once diagnosed ...
Raupp Eduardo Floriani - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of this procedure to prevent hemorrhage in cerebral arteriovenous malformations (cAVM). METHOD: Between 1992 and 2000, we studied 104 patients submitted to embolization as the main treatment. Patients were followed until hemorrhage or death. RESULTS: Follow-up ranged from 1.6 months to 8 years. The most ...
Yanagawa Youichi - - 2005
To clarify the influence of an intubation maneuver with or without premedication for an intracranial hemorrhage in an unconsciousness patient, we retrospectively analyzed 70 patients who had received intubation for unconsciousness and in whom a nontraumatic intracranial hemorrhage was found by CT over a 6-year period. They were divided into ...
Sheehan Jason - - 2005
OBJECT: Microvascular decompression (MVD) and percutaneous ablation surgery have historically been the treatments of choice for medically refractory trigeminal neuralgia (TN). Gamma knife surgery (GKS) has been used as an alternative, minimally invasive treatment in TN. In the present study, the authors evaluated the long-term results of GKS in the ...
Zhao Jizong - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a common vascular disease in neurosurgery, and the indication for alternative treatments remains controversial. In a review of a series of 2086 patients with AVMs, the clinical characteristics and surgical results were assessed. METHODS: Collected data of 2086 consecutive patients with AVMs from January ...
Kuklo Timothy R - - 2005
In this article, we report results from a retrospective consecutive series of 117 patients with soft-tissue sarcomas treated with adjuvant radiation and surgical resection at 2 associated institutions. Fifty-nine patients received preoperative radiation; 58 patients received postoperative radiation. Mean clinical follow-ups were 6.1 years and 8.4 years, respectively. Nineteen (32.2%) ...
Barajas Marco A - - 2005
OBJECT: Hypothalamic hamartoma is a nonneoplastic malformative mass of neurons and glia in the region of the hypothalamus. Because of its location, open surgery is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Gamma knife surgery (GKS) may be an efficient and safe treatment approach, which produces little morbidity. The authors ...
Andrade-Souza Yuri M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Radiosurgery is accepted as the first option for treating deep arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), although the clinical outcome in this subgroup of brain AVMs is not well studied. The objective of this study is to review our experience with radiosurgical treatment for these AVMs. METHODS: Between October 1989 and December ...
Maruyama Keisuke - - 2005
OBJECT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of gamma knife surgery (GKS) for the treatment of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) involving the corpus callosum. METHODS: Thirty-two patients aged from 7 to 65 years (median 25 years) with AVMs of the corpus callosum underwent GKS between ...
Pollock Bruce E - - 2005
PURPOSE: Although frequently performed, the efficacy and safety of repeat trigeminal neuralgia radiosurgery is not well described. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between August 1997 and December 2002, 19 patients (9 men, 10 women) underwent repeat trigeminal neuralgia radiosurgery. The median interval between procedures was 16 months. The median dose (based on ...
Alpert Tracy E - - 2005
OBJECT: The authors sought to evaluate the initial response of trigeminal neuralgia (TN) to gamma knife surgery (GKS) based on the number of shots delivered and radiation dose. METHODS: Between September 1998 and September 2003, some 63 patients with TN refractory to medical or surgical management underwent GKS at Upstate ...
Pollock Bruce E - - 2005
OBJECT: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is commonly performed in patients with trigeminal neuralgia, and numerous investigators have found that facial pain outcomes after this procedure are better for patients in whom prior surgery did not fail. Researchers in some centers claim that the results of SRS are equivalent to posterior fossa ...
Barrett Ryan J - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: To test the feasibility and safety of a minimally invasive technique, we report our experience in treating spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients by using frameless stereotactic clot aspiration-thrombolysis and its effects on their 30-day survival. We compared the observed cohort mortality with its predicted 30-day ICH mortality, by using ...
Kim Moo Seong - - 2005
OBJECT: The purpose of this study was to assess the benefits of radiosurgery for cavernous hemangioma. METHODS: Sixty-five cavernous hemangiomas were treated with gamma knife surgery (GKS) between October 1994 and December 2002. Forty-two patients attended follow up. The mean patient age was 37.6 years (range 7-60 years). The lesions ...
Urgosik Dusan - - 2005
OBJECT: The authors present the long-term follow-up results (minimum 5 years) of patients with essential trigeminal neuralgia (TN) who were treated with gamma knife surgery (GKS). METHODS: One hundred seven patients (61 females and 46 males) underwent GKS. The median follow up was time was 60 months (range 12-96 months). ...
Kuhmonen J - - 2005
Acute surgery on cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) has seldom been reported or used. We reviewed 49 patients of ages 2 months to 78 years (mean 32.8 years), 32 male (65%) and 17 female (35%), treated acutely (within 4 days of bleed) in Helsinki Neurosurgery during 1997-2002. The following variables were ...
Kyrnetskiy Evgeny E - - 2005
OBJECT: The aim of this study was to investigate the cause and outcome of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in children with cancer. METHODS: The charts of 51 children who underwent treatment for both cancer and ICH between January 1985 and January 2003 were retrospectively reviewed. Assessment tools included the Karnofsky Performance ...
Murthy J M K - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Decompressive hemicraniectomy in large hemispheric infarctions has been reported to lower mortality and improve the unfavorable outcomes. Hematoma volume is a powerful predictor of 30-day mortality in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Hematoma volume adds to intracranial volume and may lead to life-threatening elevation of intracranial pressure. METHODS: Records ...
Picozzi Piero - - 2005
OBJECT: The authors studied the efficacy of gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) in the prevention of regrowth of nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NPA). METHODS: One hundred nineteen patients were included in this study and were divided into two groups. All patients had undergone surgery in our department and recurrent or residual adenoma ...
Pamir M Necmettin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Oncological treatment of a neoplasm is more than surgical removal of the tumor. Probably, this truth is the reason for the ongoing discussion on cavernous sinus meningiomas in the last decade. Debate on optimal management of cavernous sinus meningiomas aims to compare the different treatment strategies: (a) radical surgical ...
Qureshi Adnan I - - 2005
The authors performed a multicenter prospective observational study to evaluate the feasibility and safety of intravenous antihypertensive protocol for acute hypertension in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Twenty-seven patients with ICH and acute hypertension (mean age 61.37 +/- 14.27; 10 were men) were treated to maintain the systolic blood pressure ...
Sanchez-Mejia Rene O - - 2005
OBJECT: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is characterized by paroxysmal lancinating pain in the trigeminal nerve distribution. When TN is refractory to medical management, patients are referred for microvascular decompression (MVD), radiofrequency ablation, or radiosurgery. After the initial treatment, patients may have refractory or recurrent symptoms requiring retreatment. The purpose of this ...
Lee Michael S W - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess the rate of reactionary and secondary posttonsillectomy hemorrhage using "cold" dissection and bipolar diathermy and to determine whether there was any difference in the postoperative hemorrhage rate between the 2 methods. METHODS: This was a prospective study of all patients undergoing ...
Haegelen C - - 2005
Spinal meningiomas are usually benign, slow-growing tumours and are commonly associated with good patient outcome following surgery. However, the existence of a severe preoperative neurological deficit has been considered to be a possible predictor of poor functional outcome after surgery. We retrospectively reviewed data from 33 patients with 35 spinal ...
Esco Ricardo - - 2004
PURPOSE: To study whether orgotein is effective in preventing late radiation-induced effects. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients >18 years old who were diagnosed with rectal cancer, had an indication for pelvic irradiation (RT) after surgery, and complied with the selection criteria were randomly assigned at the end of RT to receive ...
Veerasarn Vutisiri - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and the safety of WF10 as adjunct to standard treatment in the management of late hemorrhagic radiation cystitis compared to standard treatment alone. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cervical cancer patients with Grade 2 or 3 late hemorrhagic radiation cystitis, were randomized and treated with ...
Ritland Jon Ståle - - 2004
PURPOSE: To compare hemorrhage and wound healing after radiosurgery and conventional surgery for dermatochalasis. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 13 patients with dermatochalasis who underwent radiosurgery in one upper eyelid and conventional surgery with scalpel and scissors in the contralateral eyelid. Hemorrhage and wounds were evaluated after surgery ...
Chen Joseph C T - - 2004
OBJECT: Radiosurgery has emerged as an important treatment of trigeminal neuralgia. Substantial advantages have been demonstrated in safety and comfort over other modalities. Radiosurgical treatment of trigeminal neuralgia has been well investigated with gamma knife devices involving fixed cobalt sources. Few reports exist concerning trigeminal neuralgia treated using linear accelerator ...
Hashimoto H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the elderly have not received sufficient attention, given the increase in age of individuals in recent years. We therefore designed a retrospective study to clarify features of brain AVMs in this age group in comparison with their counterparts in the general population. METHODS: A ...
Rades Dirk - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This prospective multi-center study investigates a reduction of the overall treatment time for radiotherapy of MSCC, which is important for these mostly disabled patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two standard fractionation schedules, 30 Gy/10 fractions/2 weeks (n = 71) and 40 Gy/20 fractions/4 weeks (n = 65) were compared for ...
Maity Amit - - 2004
There are relatively few reports detailing the outcome of children and adolescents with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). We reviewed our experience over the past decade to determine whether the outcomes and toxicity were similar to those reported in adults. Seventeen patients 18 years of age or ...
Veznedaroglu Erol - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Despite the success of stereotactic radiosurgery, large inoperable arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of 14 cm(3) or more have remained largely refractory to stereotactic radiosurgery, with much lower obliteration rates. We review treatment of large AVMs either previously untreated or partially obliterated by embolization with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSR) regimens using ...
Vokes David E - - 2004
AIM: Embolization of external carotid vessels in the treatment of intractable epistaxis is not well documented in Australasia. The aim of the present retrospective study was to audit our experience with the technique, and to compare it with other centres. METHODS: Retrospective review. RESULTS: Twenty-nine embolizations were performed in 28 ...
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