Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1178
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Ahmed Shaheeda - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Fibrinolysis for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) reduces mortality, but its relative efficacy and risks are age-dependent. We aimed to quantify the outcomes of fibrinolysis and adjunctive antithrombin therapy for STEMI stratified by age. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of 11 published (1992-2001) randomized clinical trials of fibrinolysis in ...
Hafez Mohamed A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Situated in a suprasellar location, craniopharyngiomas produce devastating endocrinological manifestations, visual impairment, and raised intracranial pressure, presenting a formidable disease entity for the neurosurgeon as well as the 'craniopharyngioma team'. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate direct postoperative and long-term results based on the extent of surgical removal and administration of radiotherapy. ...
Fitzek Markus M - - 2006
PURPOSE: We report the results of the early cohort of patients treated for craniopharyngioma with combined proton-photon irradiation at the Massachusetts General Hospital and the Harvard Cyclotron Laboratory. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between 1981 and 1988, 15 patients with craniopharyngioma were treated in part or entirely with fractionated 160 MeV proton ...
Horn Eric M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although the bedside twist drill craniostomy is used to treat chronic subdural hematomas, the efficacy of this technique has not been compared with that of standard treatments (operative bur hole or craniotomy). METHODS: Twist drill craniostomy was compared with operative bur hole or craniotomy in a prospective nonrandomized trial. ...
Kakizawa H - - 2006
PURPOSE: To clarify the factors of outcomes by endovascular therapy for abdominal pseudoaneurysm (PSA) from both technical and clinical aspects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixteen patients with PSAs underwent embolization. Embolic methods were classified into two groups: proximal and distal embolization (PDE) and proximal embolization alone (PE). The patients were classified ...
Aryan Henry E - - 2006
This study was conducted to evaluate the two main surgical modalities, microvascular decompression (MVD) and gamma-knife radiosurgery (GK), the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and outline for an algorithm for the selection of these procedures. The authors have identified distinct differences in the two treatment groups and formulated a scale ...
Okuda M - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Surgical intervention in putaminal hemorrhage has been a controversial issue. The aim of this research is to evaluate the benefits of surgery for reducing the development of brain edema. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen cases of putaminal hemorrhage were examined. Eight patients were treated conservatively (C group), and the other ...
Fountas Kostas N - - 2006
Gamma knife radiosurgery represents an established treatment option for the management of medically refractory trigeminal neuralgia (TN). In our current communication we present our experience in radiosurgically treating patients with idiopathic TN. Over a period of 5 years, 77 patients underwent gamma knife radiosurgery. The patients were divided into 2 ...
Bristol Ruth E - - 2006
Endovascular therapy for arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) remains a relatively new approach. Beginning in the 1960s with the use of flow-directed techniques for selective embolization, hemodynamic alterations have been used to treat these lesions. In every aspect of treatment, technological advances, including catheters, embolic materials, angiography suites, and pharmacological agents, have ...
Mayer Stephan A - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ultra-early hemostatic therapy may improve outcome after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) by preventing rebleeding and hematoma expansion. We conducted this trial to evaluate the safety of activated recombinant factor VII (rFVIIa; NovoSeven) for preventing early hematoma growth in acute ICH. METHODS: In this multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-escalation ...
Lim Y J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Although radiosurgery has been found to be a safe and effective alternative treatment, seizure outcome of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) radiosurgery has not been documented in detail. We report the effect of Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) on seizures associated with AVMs and discuss the various factors that influence the prognosis. ...
Zachenhofer Iris - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Surgical resection of cranial base meningiomas is often limited owing to involvement of crucial neural structures. Within the last 2 decades Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) has gained increasing importance as an adjunct treatment after incomplete resection and as an alternative treatment to open surgery. However, reports of long-term results ...
Andersen Poul Erik - - 2006
The purpose was to evaluate the clinical and radiological long-term results of embolization of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) and to assess the quality of life after treatment. A clinical follow-up was undertaken after 67 months (mean) in 35 consecutive patients with 106 PAVMs. Outcome parameters at follow-up were PaO(2) and ...
Prasad K S M KS Regional Neurosciences Centre, Newcastle General Hospital, Newcastle Upon Tyne, - - 2006
Of all forms of stroke, spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) causes the highest morbidity and mortality. The Surgical Trial in Intracerebral Haemorrhage (STICH) found no difference in outcomes between patients randomized to surgical or conservative treatment. Of 530 patients randomized to initial conservative treatment, 140 crossed over to surgery. This study ...
Saloheimo Pertti - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Few studies have assessed long-term prognosis and risk factors for death after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Patients who survive the acute phase may run different prognoses, depending on their disability, treatment, and lifestyle. The present study was performed to find out the predictors for long-term mortality after ...
He Hong-wei - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In the past 5 years, new treatment materials and techniques offering a different concept in endovascular treatment have been described for cerebral arteriovenous malformations (CAVMs). The aim of this study was to assess the endovascular treatment of CAVMs by using a liquid embolic material, Onyx (Micro Therapeutics. Inc., Irvine, ...
Zabel-du Bois Angelika - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate patient outcome and obliteration rates after radiosurgery (RS) for cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM) located deep, in the motor cortex or brainstem and those involving corpus callosum. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This analysis is based on 65 patients. AVM classification according to Spetzler-Martin was 13 patients Grade 2, 39 ...
Khan Zahid Hussain - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Prevention of postoperative intracranial hemorrhage, a serious and sometimes fatal complication remains the cornerstone for successful neurosurgical procedures. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis whether vigilant rehemostasis challenged by ketamine or hypervolemia-induced hemodynamic stress could minimize postoperative hemorrhage. METHODS: During a five-year period between 1995 ...
Richards Gregory M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical outcomes following treatment of trigeminal neuralgia with linear accelerator-based radiosurgery. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with medication refractory idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia were treated with a single fraction of 80 Gy to the trigeminal nerve root. For treatment delivery, a 4-mm collimator and a 7-arc technique were delivered ...
Pérez-Higueras A A Servicio de Neurorradiología, Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Universidad Autónoma Madrid; Spain - - - 2005
We have been using Onyx, a non-adhesive liquid polymer, to treat cerebral AVMs endovascularly since 1999. During this time we have treated 45 consecutive, unselected patients. From the outset this product brought about a change in our approach to treating this type of lesion because of the different injection behaviour ...
Joseph S S Division of Interventional Neuroradiology Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute (Deemed University); Porur, Chennai, India - - - 2005
Five patients (M:2, F:3; Age range 9-51; N=30 yrs) with cerebral AVM were managed with Onyx embolization through endovascular route in last three months. Two patients had complete occlusion of AVM following embolisation. In remaining three, one had 95% occlusion and other two had 70% and 50% occlusion respectively. No ...
Pierot L L Department of Radiology, Hôpital Maison-Blanche; Reims, France - - - 2005
The main final goal of the treatment of brain AVMs is to prevent bleeding and to obtain a complete occlusion of the nidus. The strategy of treatment of brain arteriovenous malformations (AVM) has to be defined by a multidisciplinary team and will usually combine several modalities (surgery, radiosurgery, embolization). Embolization ...
Hartmann Andreas - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Therapy of brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) often requires the combination of different treatment modalities. Independently assessed data on neurologic outcome after multidisciplinary AVM therapy are scarce. METHODS: The 119 consecutive patients (49% women, mean age 34+/-13 years) with brain AVMs receiving endovascular embolization followed by surgical treatment ...
Andrade-Souza Yuri M - - 2005
OBJECT: The aim of this study was to validate the radiosurgery-based arteriovenous malformation (AVM) score and the modified Spetzler-Martin grading system to predict radiosurgical outcome. METHODS: One hundred thirty-six patients with brain AVMs were randomly selected. These patients had undergone a linear accelerator radiosurgical procedure at a single center between ...
Siekmann R R Department of Neuroradiology, University of Giebetaen Medical Center, Giebetaen; Germany - - - 2005
We report the endovascular treatment of a symptomatic dural arteriovenous fistula in a 61- year-old male patient. The medial portion of the fistula was occluded with detachable platinum coils during an initial intervention using a transvenous approach. Due to persistence of the symptoms in a second intervention eight months later ...
Liu Meng - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) guided radiofrequency trigeminal rhizotomy (RF-TR) in treatment of idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia (ITN). METHODS: From 1999 to 2001, 18 patients with ITN were treated with percutaneous controlled RF-TR. Intraoperative 3D-CT scanning was performed to guide the trajectory of the puncture. After ...
Pan Hung-Chuan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: With the advent of interventional neuroradiology and stereotactic radiosurgery, dural arteriovenous fistulae are less often managed with open surgery. We evaluated the outcome of dural arteriovenous fistulae of the cavernous sinus treated with a combination of radiosurgery and embolization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty dural arteriovenous fistulae located in the ...
Vereecken Kevin K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Intraventricular hemorrhage is associated with a very poor outcome. Simple external ventricular drainage alone has not resulted in a decline of mortality. The aim was to study the effect of direct intraventricular administration of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective series of eighteen adult patients ...
Fountas K N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) represents a clinicopathologic entity with a dismal prognosis. The associated mortality rate has been reported as high as 80%; the morbidity is also quite high. The use of various fibrinolytic agents (streptokinase, urokinase, and recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator [rt-PA]) has been reported in a small number ...
Pai Irumee - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) mouthwash influences the outcome of secondary post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage in children. STUDY DESIGN: Ten-year retrospective study of all children with secondary post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage. SETTING: Tertiary otolaryngology center. RESULTS: Of the 156 patients, 59 received H(2)O(2) and 97 did not. All patients received broad-spectrum intravenous ...
Bujko K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The primary outcome was sphincter preservation. No benefit was found with chemoradiation. The aim of this report is to analyse postoperative complications, which were the secondary outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with resectable T3-4 low rectal carcinoma were randomised to receive either pre-operative 5 x 5 Gy irradiation with ...
Thiex Ruth - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Toxic components released from the intracerebral blood clot, such as thrombin and hemoglobin, potentially trigger brain edema formation and therefore favor an early evacuation of the clot. Despite a significant reduction in hematoma size in our porcine model of hematoma induction by injecting autologous blood ICP-controlled into the right ...
Laack Nadia N - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of cranial radiotherapy (RT) on cognitive function in patients with supratentorial low-grade glioma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty adult patients with supratentorial low-grade glioma were treated with 50.4 Gy (10 patients) or 64.8 Gy (10 patients) localized RT. The patients then were evaluated with an extensive ...
Shah S D - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There is no study evaluating the role of clinical, evoked potential and radiological parameters in the prognosis of thalamic hemorrhage employing multivariate logistic regression analysis, thus we aimed to evaluate the role of these parameters in predicting the 3 month outcome following thalamic hemorrhage. SETTING: Tertiary care ...
McNatt Sean A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess outcomes in patients treated with gamma knife radiosurgery for trigeminal neuralgia. METHODS: From 1997 to 2003, a total of 49 patients with trigeminal neuralgia underwent gamma knife radiosurgery. The trigeminal root entry zone immediately adjacent to the pons was targeted by ...
Castinetti Frédéric - - 2005
CONTEXT: Because surgical and medical therapies of acromegaly all have specific limitations, radiotherapy has been used as an adjunctive strategy. Stereotactic radiosurgery has not yet been widely evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to perform an analysis of long-term hormonal effects and tolerance of gamma knife radiosurgery. DESIGN: Eighty-two patients were ...
Vernimmen Frederik J A I - - 2005
PURPOSE: To investigate hypofractionated stereotactic proton therapy of predominantly large intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) by analyzing retrospectively the results from a cohort of patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Since 1993, a total of 85 patients with vascular lesions have been treated. Of those, 64 patients fulfilled the criteria of having an ...
Zhang Pengpeng - - 2005
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate how the spatial relationship between the isocenters of the first and second radiosurgeries affects the overall outcome. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We performed a retrospective study on 40 patients who had repeat gamma knife radiosurgery for trigeminal neuralgia. Only one 4-mm isocenter ...
Nicolato A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study investigates a possible relationship between the effects of gamma knife (GK) on meningioma somatostatin receptors (SRs) and the high rate of early neurological improvement without tumour reduction at short-term imaging follow-up. METHODS: From December 1997 to December 2002, somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) using an 111Indium-labelled somatostatin analogue, ...
Finitsis S S Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Neuroradiology, Neurological University Hospital, Nancy; - - 2005
The purpose of our study was to analyze the outcome of symptomatic radionecrosis following stereotactic radiosurgery for brain arteriovenous malformations. Of 225 patients treated by linear accelerator radiosurgery for brain AVM, 16 (7,1%) presented post-radiosurgery symptomatic radionecrosis on a mean follow-up period of 50 months (range 1-123 months). Once diagnosed ...
Raupp Eduardo Floriani - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of this procedure to prevent hemorrhage in cerebral arteriovenous malformations (cAVM). METHOD: Between 1992 and 2000, we studied 104 patients submitted to embolization as the main treatment. Patients were followed until hemorrhage or death. RESULTS: Follow-up ranged from 1.6 months to 8 years. The most ...
Yanagawa Youichi - - 2005
To clarify the influence of an intubation maneuver with or without premedication for an intracranial hemorrhage in an unconsciousness patient, we retrospectively analyzed 70 patients who had received intubation for unconsciousness and in whom a nontraumatic intracranial hemorrhage was found by CT over a 6-year period. They were divided into ...
Sheehan Jason - - 2005
OBJECT: Microvascular decompression (MVD) and percutaneous ablation surgery have historically been the treatments of choice for medically refractory trigeminal neuralgia (TN). Gamma knife surgery (GKS) has been used as an alternative, minimally invasive treatment in TN. In the present study, the authors evaluated the long-term results of GKS in the ...
Zhao Jizong - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a common vascular disease in neurosurgery, and the indication for alternative treatments remains controversial. In a review of a series of 2086 patients with AVMs, the clinical characteristics and surgical results were assessed. METHODS: Collected data of 2086 consecutive patients with AVMs from January ...
Kuklo Timothy R - - 2005
In this article, we report results from a retrospective consecutive series of 117 patients with soft-tissue sarcomas treated with adjuvant radiation and surgical resection at 2 associated institutions. Fifty-nine patients received preoperative radiation; 58 patients received postoperative radiation. Mean clinical follow-ups were 6.1 years and 8.4 years, respectively. Nineteen (32.2%) ...
Barajas Marco A - - 2005
OBJECT: Hypothalamic hamartoma is a nonneoplastic malformative mass of neurons and glia in the region of the hypothalamus. Because of its location, open surgery is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Gamma knife surgery (GKS) may be an efficient and safe treatment approach, which produces little morbidity. The authors ...
Andrade-Souza Yuri M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Radiosurgery is accepted as the first option for treating deep arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), although the clinical outcome in this subgroup of brain AVMs is not well studied. The objective of this study is to review our experience with radiosurgical treatment for these AVMs. METHODS: Between October 1989 and December ...
Maruyama Keisuke - - 2005
OBJECT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of gamma knife surgery (GKS) for the treatment of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) involving the corpus callosum. METHODS: Thirty-two patients aged from 7 to 65 years (median 25 years) with AVMs of the corpus callosum underwent GKS between ...
Pollock Bruce E - - 2005
PURPOSE: Although frequently performed, the efficacy and safety of repeat trigeminal neuralgia radiosurgery is not well described. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between August 1997 and December 2002, 19 patients (9 men, 10 women) underwent repeat trigeminal neuralgia radiosurgery. The median interval between procedures was 16 months. The median dose (based on ...
Alpert Tracy E - - 2005
OBJECT: The authors sought to evaluate the initial response of trigeminal neuralgia (TN) to gamma knife surgery (GKS) based on the number of shots delivered and radiation dose. METHODS: Between September 1998 and September 2003, some 63 patients with TN refractory to medical or surgical management underwent GKS at Upstate ...
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