Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1144
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Abouzari Mehdi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is one of the most common types of intracranial hemorrhage, especially in the elderly, with a significant recurrence rate ranging from 9.2 to 26.5%. The role of postoperative patient posture in the recurrence of CSDH has not been studied sufficiently. METHODS: A total of 84 ...
Lim Michael - - 2007
Results for treating glomus jugulare tumors with radiosurgery have been limited by short follow-up and small number of patients. We report our experience using LINAC or CyberKnife in 21 tumors with a median follow-up of 66 months (Mean follow-up of 60 months). In addition, we have a subset of eight ...
Moreno-Jimenez Sergio - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To validate the radiosurgery-based arteriovenous malformation score (RBAS) as a predictor of outcome in patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) treated with LINAC-based conformal radiosurgery. METHODS: We analysed 40 patients with a mean follow-up of 22 months. One patient (2.5%) pertained to Spetzler-Martin Grade I, 11 (27.5%) to Grade II, ...
Sia S F - - 2007
Primary intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) results in significant morbidity and mortality among patients. There is a paucity of epidemiological data on this condition in Malaysia. The purpose of this hospital based study was to define the clinical profile in patients with primary spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage at University of Malaya Medical Centre ...
Izawa Masahiro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Delayed cyst formation is a well-recognized complication after radiosurgery for intracranial AVM. The objective of the present study was the evaluation of the different management options for these lesions and the corresponding prognosis of patients. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2005, 12 patients with intracranial AVM initially treated by GKR ...
Karlsson Bengt - - 2007
OBJECT: The results of a novel radiosurgical approach to treat large arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) with repeated radiosurgery are presented and discussed. METHODS: The outcome was studied following repeated Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) for large AVMs, defined as a nidus volume of 9 ml or more. The philosophy was to treat ...
Kim Kyung Rae - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of treatment of high-flow priapism (HFP) with superselective transcatheter embolization at nine university hospitals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May 1994 and October 2006, 27 patients underwent superselective embolization of the cavernous artery for HFP. Trauma was apparent in 22 patients, there was self-administered ...
Lee Jae-Whan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Cavernous malformations (CMs) are vascular malformations affecting any part of the central nervous system. CMs in the pediatric age group are known to be different from those of adults both in origin and clinical characteristics. In this paper, we report our experience in managing CMs in pediatric patients. MATERIALS ...
Pascual M - - 2008
The consequences of selection for growth rate and the associated decrease of maturity at slaughter in rabbits on collagen content, collagen solubility, meat texture (Warner-Bratzler shear device) and the sensory properties of the m. Longissimus were studied. Sixty rabbits from the 7th generation of a line selected for growth rate ...
Nataf François - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To detect parameters that may augment the therapeutic strategy in patients with a cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) that is considered equally suitable for treatment by neurosurgery or radiosurgery, we compared the efficacy and risks of these two methods in a paired series with similar patient and AVM characteristics. PATIENTS ...
Koç Kenan - - 2007
AIM: This study was designed to determine the hemodynamics of cerebrospinal fluid flow in syringomyelia patients associated with Chiari I malformation using phase-contrast velocity-encoded-cine MRI and also to find out whether treatment outcomes may be predicted by these flow measurements. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen consecutive symptomatic patients with syringomyelia associated ...
Nyquist Paul - - 2007
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is associated with a high mortality and morbidity. Patients with this disorder may now be offered the possibility of treatment. This treatment comes in the form of intraventricular thrombolytics. At present a large randomized trial is testing the efficacy of intraventricular rt-PA in IVH in the setting ...
Chernov Mikhail F - - 2007
Outcome of urgent reoperation for major regional complication after removal of intracranial tumor was evaluated retrospectively in 100 consecutive patients treated since 1983. Urgent reoperation was performed from 3 to 240 hours (mean 74 hours) after primary surgery for 32 meningiomas, 23 pituitary adenomas, 22 gliomas, 13 vestibular schwannomas, and ...
Liscák Roman - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Although relevant information exists regarding the chance of obliterating arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) using radiosurgery, the overall chance of cure after gamma knife radiosurgery is usually only extrapolated from a portion of all monitored patients. This chance and the risks involved in radiosurgery, including repeat treatment when necessary in a ...
Hukin Juliette - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Surgical removal and radiation therapy are associated with significant risk for morbidity in the pediatric population with craniopharyngioma. Intracystic therapies have been utilized in some centers to potentially decrease morbidity associated with cystic craniopharyngioma. The aim of the study was to review the Canadian experience with intracystic bleomycin therapy ...
Moreno-Jiménez Sergio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Little is written about the clinical outcome and predictor factors of obliteration and treatment success in patients with intracranial AVMs treated with LINAC-based conformal radiosurgery in Mexican institutions. METHODS: We analyzed 40 patients with intracranial AVMs with a mean follow-up of 29 (range, 23-34) months. Seven AVMs (17.5%) had ...
Hosalkar Harish S - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: Level III retrospective case series with historical controls. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the mid- to long-term outcomes of serial arterial embolization as a primary treatment modality for large sacral giant-cell tumors (SGCT). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Giant-cell tumors are potentially aggressive benign tumors that can cause significant morbidity and ...
Kiymaz Nejmi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Various surgical methods are recommended for the therapy of chronic subdural hematoma (CSH). In this study, burr-hole continuous drainage (CD) and burr-hole one-time drainage (OTD) methods for the treatment of CSH are retrospectively compared. MATERIAL/METHODS: Fifty patients with CSH referred to this clinic between July 1995 and December 2003 ...
Dhople Anil - - 2007
PURPOSE: To assess efficacy and quality of life (QOL) outcomes associated with gamma-knife radiosurgery (GK-RS) in treating atypical trigeminal neuralgia (ATN) compared with classic trigeminal neuralgia (CTN). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between September 1996 and September 2004, 35 cases of ATN were treated with GK-RS. Patients were categorized into two groups: ...
Kwon Se Hwan - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the therapeutic effectiveness of ovarian vein embolization using coils for pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS), a common cause of chronic pelvic pain in multiparous women. METHODS: Between November 1998 and June 2005, 67 patients were diagnosed with PCS and underwent ovarian vein coil embolization. Through medical records and ...
Massager Nicolas - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The authors conducted a comparative study to analyze dosimetry and results to understand the significant difference in the rate of trigeminal dysfunction after gamma knife radiosurgery for trigeminal neuralgia between two centers using the same target. METHODS: The data of 358 patients (109 patients from Brussels and 259 patients ...
Kim I-S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the technical implications and clinical outcome of patients treated for an intracerebral hemorrhage using two minimally invasive procedures: frame-based stereotactic hematoma aspiration and frameless navigation-guided hematoma aspiration followed by fibrinolysis. METHODS: Thirty patients with a spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage, which was treated by a frame-based (n=15) ...
Mounayer C - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To report our experience in the treatment of brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs) using Onyx (ev3, Irvine, Calif). Patients and METHODS: From January 1999 to October 2004, 94 patients with BAVMs were treated endovascularly in our department. They were 51 (54%) men and 43 (46%) women with a ...
Andrade-Souza Yuri M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the arteriovenous malformation (AVM) obliteration rate and the clinical outcome after radiosurgery in patients with and without previous embolization. METHODS: Of 244 patients who underwent linear accelerator radiosurgery for AVMs at the Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre between 1989 and 2000, 61 patients had embolization before radiosurgery and ...
Ahuja S P - - 2007
We describe the management of a young boy with mild haemophilia A and a massive iliac pseudotumour with a multi modality approach involving factor replacement, radiation therapy, embolization and surgery. The patient was initially treated with recombinant factor VIII and radiation therapy. Because of inadequate response and worsening of bony ...
Kikuchi Akira - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Long-term survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) sometimes suffer from adverse long-term sequelae. We analyzed the incidence, clinical course and prognosis of moyamoya syndrome (MoS) following childhood ALL. PROCEDURE: A total of 1,846 ALL patients were treated with four consecutive TCCSG ALL protocols (L84-11, L89-12, L92-13, and L95-14) ...
Disqué Claudia - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Early hemicraniectomy reduces mortality in malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarctions to 16%, although the benefit on functional outcome is still unclear. We treat patients with malignant MCA infarction younger than 60 years. Epidural or subgaleal hemorrhages are relatively common complications. Only 1 trial described parenchymal hemorrhage as a ...
Abadal-Centellas Josep M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Refractory intracranial hypertension (ICH) to second level measures after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with mortality up to 84% to 100%. The use of external lumbar drainage (ELD) has been described in these patients. We report our experience with the use of ELD in 17 cases of ...
Huang Xiaojiang - - 2007
The effects of minimally invasive surgery on the blood-brain barrier (BBB) of 30 patients with cerebral hemorrhage were investigated. Difference of the BBB index and serum MBP concentration were assessed in 15 cases of conservative treatment group and 15 cases of minimally invasive surgery group. The BBB index in minimally ...
Galarza Marcelo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In face of continuing controversy to the optimal treatment of Chiari type I malformation, the authors analyzed three different surgical strategies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients (30 boys and 30 girls, mean age 8.2 years) presented with clinical Chiari malformation. Additional syringomyelia was present in 24 children, whereas cine ...
Kan Peter - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is an effective treatment for small and medium-sized meningiomas. Although uncommon, peritumoral edema can develop as a delayed complication after SRS. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the clinical and molecular risk factors for peritumoral edema after SRS for intracranial meningiomas. METHODS: We retrospectively ...
Zhang Zaiqiang - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous intraventricular hemorrhage is an infrequent but severe complication of hemorrhagic stroke. The conventional treatment of intraventricular hemorrhage consists of ventricular drainage or surgical evacuation, but neither of them is encouraged. The objective of this article is to compare different surgical procedures in order to evaluate a method of ...
Jaganjac Suad - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: In advanced stage of renal carcinoma especially in right kidney because of proximity of inferior vena cava in most centers preoperative embolization of kidney is performed in purpose of facilitating surgery and reducing pre- and postoperative complications. In certain number of patients with indication for inoperability, complete embolization is ...
Fountas Kostas N - - 2007
OBJECT: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) with the Gamma Knife (GK) is a rapidly emerging surgical modality in the management of medically refractory idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia (TN). The current study examines the long-term outcome in patients with drug-resistant idiopathic TN who underwent GK surgery at the authors' institution. METHODS: One hundred and ...
Patil Chirag G - - 2007
OBJECT: Patients with atypical trigeminal neuralgia (TN) have unilateral pain in the trigeminal distribution that is dull, aching, or burning in nature and is constant or nearly constant. Studies of most radiosurgical and surgical series have shown lower response rates in patients with atypical TN. This study represents the first ...
Friehs Gerhard M - - 2007
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) with the Gamma Knife and linear accelerator has revolutionized neurosurgery over the past 20 years. The most common indications for radiosurgery today are tumors and arteriovenous malformations of the brain. Functional indications such as treatment of movement disorders or intractable pain only contribute a small percentage of ...
Herrera E J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical presentation, tumour response, clinical improvement and complications in 12 children and young people with a pilocytic astrocytoma, WHO I grade 1, who were treated with interstitial radiosurgery using Iodine-125 seed implants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 12 patients aged under 18 years (mean 8.4 ...
Li Gordon - - 2007
OBJECT: By targeting the medial branches of the dorsal rami, radiofrequency ablation and facet joint injections can provide temporary amelioration of facet joint-producing (or facetogenic) back pain. The authors used CyberKnife radiosurgery to denervate affected facet joints with the goal of obtaining a less invasive yet more thorough and durable ...
Hartmann Andreas - - 2007
The treatment of ruptured and unruptured brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) is driven by the need to prevent incident or recurrent intracranial hemorrhages. Improving feasibility of the rapidly developing endovascular, neurosurgical, and radiotherapeutic procedures leads to invasive treatment of an increasing number of neurologically intact patients with accidentally diagnosed AVMs. Recent ...
Hsu Peng-Wei - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is the most common symptom of cavernoma. Although microsurgery is the mainstay treatment for epileptogenic cavernoma, this procedure may cause severe complications for some lesions. This report aimed to study if linear accelerator (LINAC) radiosurgery was an alternative treatment modality for epileptogenic cavernoma. METHODS: In this retrospective study, ...
Castinetti F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Though transsphenoidal surgery remains the first-line treatment of Cushing's disease, recurrence occurs frequently. Conventional radiotherapy and anticortisolic drugs both have adverse effects. Stereotactic radiosurgery needs to be evaluated more precisely. The aim of this study was to determine long-term hormonal effects and tolerance of gamma knife (GK) radiosurgery in ...
Mathe Marie-Lise - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the use of arterial embolization in postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) by comparing the indications, efficacy, times to diagnosis, treatment, and embolization, and conditions of management of patients before and after publication of the Collège National des Gynécologues et Obstétriciens Français clinical practice recommendations (CPR). METHODS: Forty-eight patients who ...
McClelland Shearwood S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Medically refractory cluster headache (CH) is a debilitating condition for which few surgical modalities have proven effective. Previous reports involving short-term follow-up of CH patients have reported modest degrees of pain relief after radiosurgery of the trigeminal nerve ipsilateral to symptom onset. With the recent success of deep brain ...
Donnet Anne - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We have previously reported short-term results of a prospective open trial designed to evaluate trigeminal nerve radiosurgical treatment in intractable chronic cluster headache (CCH). Medium- and long-term results have not yet been reported. METHODS: Ten patients presenting with a severe and drug-resistant CCH were enrolled (nine men, one woman). ...
Inoue Hiroshi K - - 2006
OBJECT: Several adverse effects such as brain edema, necrosis, arterial stenosis, hemorrhage after obliteration, and delayed cyst formation have been reported as early and late complications of Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) for arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). These adverse effects seem to be decreased in a lower-dose treatment regimen compared with the ...
Huang Chuan-Fu - - 2006
OBJECT: The results of microsurgery in patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) after failure of repeated Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) have not previously been examined. The effects of microvascular decompression (MVD) in patients in whom repeated GKS has failed are reported. METHODS: Between 1999 and 2004, eight patients (five women and ...
Orio Peter - - 2006
OBJECT: The authors sought to compare the outcomes of patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) treated by Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) with those of patients treated by linear accelerator-based (LINAC) radiosurgery. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-seven patients with AVMs were treated at our institution between 1992 and 2003. Ninety-one patients were ...
Huang Chuan-Fu - - 2006
OBJECT: Repeated Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) for trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is an acceptable method for refractory cases but not well established in terms of dose effect and nerve tolerance. The authors report their experience in 28 patients over 3.5 years of follow up. METHODS: Between 1999 and 2004, a total ...
Nakaya Kotaro - - 2006
OBJECT: Stereotactic radiosurgery for brain metastasis has become one of the standard treatment options in recent years. Some patients must undergo repeated stereotactic radiosurgery for new lesions. The authors retrospectively reviewed their data to estimate how soon the patients undergo repeated radiosurgery for new lesions. METHODS: Between October 1999 and ...
Klimo Paul P - - 2007
OBJECT: Pediatric arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are generally treated with microsurgical resection to achieve complete obliteration. We review our experience treating AVMs in children, particularly those with residual or recurrent lesions. METHODS: The records of 39 patients with AVMs (25 girls: 14 boys; average age 10.3 years) treated during a 15-year ...
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