Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1155
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Delanian Sylvie - - 2008
Radiation-induced (RI) peripheral neuropathy is a rare and severe delayed complication of radiotherapy that is spontaneously irreversible, with no standard of treatment. We previously developed a successful antioxidant treatment in RI fibrosis and necrosis. Two patients with progressive worsening RI lumbosacral polyradiculopathy experienced over several years a significant clinical improvement ...
Rück Christian - - 2008
CONTEXT: Capsulotomy is sometimes used as a treatment of last resort in severe and treatment-refractory cases of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of capsulotomy in OCD. DESIGN: Noncontrolled, long-term follow-up trial (mean of 10.9 years after surgery). SETTING: University hospital referral center. PATIENTS: Twenty-five ...
Fric-Shamji Elana C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there are modifiable risk factors for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage in patients receiving oral anticoagulation (OAC) therapy. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review between January 2002 and December 2004. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 315 consecutive patients presenting with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Overall mortality rates and surgical ...
Han Jung Ho - - 2008
OBJECT: In this paper the authors analyzed the clinical and neuroimaging outcomes of patients with cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) after Gamma Knife surgery (GKS), focusing on the analysis of the radiation injury rate depending on the AVM volume. METHODS: Between 1997 and 2004, 277 consecutive patients with cerebral AVMs were ...
Aghakhani Nozar - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The rarity of spinal dural arteriovenous fistulae makes physicians often overlook this potential diagnosis in patients with progressive gait disturbance and paraparesis. Consequently, patients with spinal dural arteriovenous fistulae can gradually become completely paraplegic if the final diagnosis is delayed considerably. The objective of the current study ...
Stern Robin L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Due to the fundamental differences in treatment delivery, linear-accelerator-based radiosurgery can be complementary to Gamma Knife (GK) for intracranial lesions. We reviewed the effect of adding GK to an existing linear accelerator (Linac)-based radiosurgery practice and analyzed case selections for the two modalities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: UC Davis Medical ...
Velat Gregory J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVM) may be managed through staged preoperative embolization and resection. Two commonly used liquid embolics are N-butyl cyanoacrylate (nBCA; Cordis Microvascular, Inc., New Brunswick, NJ) and Onyx (ev3, Inc., Irvine, CA). We sought to compare the utility of these agents in terms of fluoroscopy and procedure ...
Jamil Syed A - - 2008
To evaluate the prognosis, neurologic outcome, and predictors of survival in patients with non-traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage. We evaluated prospectively a cohort of 96 Saudi adult males and females with stroke during the month of July 2005 at Arar Central Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Out of 103 patients, 96 ...
Kasliwal Manish Kumar - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Radiosurgery has been widely adopted for the treatment of cerebral AVMs. However radiosurgical treatment of patients with hemorrhagic presentation is fraught with risk of rebleed during latency period. The present study intends to analyze the obliteration rate, time to obliteration and chances of rebleed in patients with hemorrhagic versus ...
Al-Alami Achir A - - 2008
We report a 38 year old male patient who underwent a craniotomy for jugular foramen tumor resection. In the postoperative care unit, the patient developed aspiration accompanied with oxyhemoglobin desaturation. Subsequently, he had several episodes of recurrent aspiration which were attributed to cranial nerves (IX, X) palsy as a complication ...
Kumar R - - 2008
Chiari malformations are a pathological continuum of hindbrain maldevelopment and Chiari I malformation (CMI) represents caudal decent of cerebellar tonsils. The surgery aims to relieve tonsillar compression with restoration of the normal cerebrospinal (CSF) flow dynamics. We report the salient features of our surgical experience with CMI; over a decade ...
Kelly Michael E - - 2008
OBJECT: Posterior fossa arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are relatively uncommon and often difficult to treat. The authors present their experience with multimodality treatment of 76 posterior fossa AVMs, with an emphasis on Spetzler-Martin Grades III-V AVMs. METHODS: Seventy-six patients with posterior fossa AVMs treated with radiosurgery, surgery, and endovascular techniques were ...
Amouzegar-Hashemi F - - 2008
Despite high-level evidence in the literature, the use of single-fraction radiotherapy (rt) for management of painful bone metastases is not widely practiced in the world, as highlighted in several practice-pattern surveys. Fractionation of palliative rt for bone metastases has not been addressed in Iran, where the most common clinical practice ...
Choe Jae-Gyun - - 2008
Outcome of gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) in the consecutive 100 cases with cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) was analyzed. Data from initial 100 patients treated with GKS in the authors' institute were reviewed retrospectively. Spetzler-Martin grade at diagnosis were I in 18 patients, II in 27, III in 36, IV in ...
Shibamoto Yuta - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of brain atrophy and dementia after whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) in patients with brain metastases not undergoing surgery. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Eligible patients underwent WBRT to 40 Gy in 20 fractions with or without a 10-Gy boost. Brain magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography and Mini-Mental ...
Pratali Raphael - - 2009
Osteoid osteoma is the third most common type of bone tumour. Radiofrequency ablation and other percutaneous procedures are the treatment of choice. However, in some sites these methods are difficult or dangerous. Our objective of this study was to evaluate whether open resection and intraoperative nidus detection with a hand-held ...
Chen Joseph C T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Trigeminal neuralgia treatment results are thought to be highly dependent upon selection criteria. We retrospectively analyzed a series of patients to determine the likelihood of treatment success for patients treated with radiosurgery. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 82 patients treated with linear accelerator radiosurgery was undertaken with a median ...
Cho Sung Ki - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess retrospectively the treatment results of ethanol embolization of peripheral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) with a dominant outflow vein (DOV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients who had peripheral AVMs with a DOV were enrolled in this study (mean age, 29.7 years; range, 15-42 years). Fifty-one ethanol embolizations (mean, 2.7; ...
Flint Alexander C - - 2008
Decompressive hemicraniectomy is commonly performed in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) with diffuse brain swelling or refractory raised intracranial pressure. Expansion of hemorrhagic contusions in TBI patients is common, but its frequency following decompressive hemicraniectomy has not been well established. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine ...
Uchiyama Daiji - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the indications, efficacy, and safety of arterial catheterization and embolization for the management of emergent or anticipated massive obstetrical hemorrhage and its effects on menses and fertility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients underwent arterial catheterization and embolization for intractable obstetrical hemorrhage ...
Gellner V - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To date, the efficacy and safety of repeat radiosurgery (RS) for trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is based mainly on short term results. METHODS: Between 1994 and 2006, 93 patients were treated by RS for TN at the Department of Neurosurgery, Graz, Austria. 22 patients underwent repeat gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) ...
Pan David Hung-Chi - - 2008
OBJECT: Studies on the efficacy of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) radiosurgery have largely been conducted in the adult population. Clinically, the results may not always be applicable to pediatric patients. Moreover, studies involving the pediatric population have largely comprised small- (< 3 cm3) and medium-sized (3-10 cm3) AVMs. For large (> ...
Haris Mohammad - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to ascertain whether diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) metrics fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), linear case (CL), planar case (CP), spherical case (CS)-can characterize a threshold dose and temporal evolution of changes in normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) of adults with low-grade gliomas (LGGs) ...
Izawa Masahiro - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Volume reduction of large AVMs attained with endovascular embolization can be potentially helpful for their subsequent radiosurgical management. The objective of the present retrospective analysis was comparative evaluation of the long-term outcome after GKR for intracranial AVM performed with and without initial embolization of the nidus. METHODS: The long-term ...
Zoumalan Richard - - 2008
To determine the rate of hematoma formation in drainless deep-plane rhytidectomy and compare it with the rate using the same technique with the use of fibrin glue. This is a retrospective review of 605 patients (78 male and 527 female) who, over a 6-year period, underwent deep-plane face-lift surgery (n ...
Esteves Sérgio Carlos Barros - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate results achieved with radiosurgery and complications of the procedure when treating arteriovenous malformations with linear accelerator. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted between October 1993 and December 1996. Sixty-one patients with arteriovenous malformations were treated with radiosurgery utilizing a 6MV energy linear accelerator. Ages of the 32 ...
Buis D R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The authors describe their experience in treating 22 children with a single brain arteriovenous malformation (bAVM) using a dedicated LINAC stereotactic radiosurgery unit. METHODS: The findings of 22 consecutive patients < or = 18 years of age who underwent radiosurgery for a single bAVM and with at least 24 ...
Tzourio C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The apolipoprotein E (APOE) polymorphism is an established risk factor for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) that is related to cerebral amyloid angiopathy in the white population. Among Asian populations, although ICH represents up to one third of all strokes and has high rates of mortality and morbidity, the role of ...
Asgari S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We retrospectively analyzed a series of patients who deteriorated after resection of an intracranial meningioma due to extensive brain edema (EBE) with regard to etiology of the neurological worsening and outcome. METHODS: Out of a series of 376 consecutive patients who underwent resection of an intracranial meningioma, 13 (3.5%) ...
Guthikonda Bharat - - 2008
EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVE: At the conclusion of this presentation, the participants should be able to understand the contemporary assessment and management algorithm used in the evaluation and care of patients with trigeminal schwannomas. OBJECTIVES: 1) Describe the contemporary neuroradiographic studies for the assessment of trigeminal schwannoma; 2) review the complex skull ...
Wedderburn Catherine J CJ Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Edinburgh, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, - - 2008
The decision about whether to treat an unruptured brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM) depends on a comparison of the estimated lifetime risk of intracranial haemorrhage with the risks of interventional treatment. We aimed to test whether outcome differs between adults who had interventional AVM treatment and those who did not. All ...
Cho Der-Yang - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The decision to administer conservative or surgical treatment for putaminal and thalamic ICH is still a controversial issue. This study was undertaken to examine the decision-making criteria for these 2 treatments. METHODS: In a retrospective study, case records of 400 patients with spontaneous putaminal and thalamic hemorrhage who underwent ...
Haris M - - 2008
AIM: To assess the most useful dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) index in the evaluation of the therapeutic response in brain tuberculoma (BT) patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients with 25 BT lesions were serially evaluated using DCE MRI. All lesions were classified into two groups: group I ...
Hänggi D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A large number of reports have analysed epidemiology, pathogenesis, symptomatology, diagnostics and options for medical and surgical treatment of intracerebral haemorrhage. Nevertheless, management still remains controversial. The purpose of the present review is to summarise the clinical data and derive a current updated management concept as a result. METHODS: ...
Mirsad Hodzic
Introduction: Till the end of the 1980s, frame-based stereotaxy was the standard method for accurately localizing small brain lesions by introducing catheters into the lesion or for determining the tumor volume in space. The objective of this study was to analyze the caracteristics of frame-based stereotactic localization of brain lesion ...
Wang Y F - - 2008
The aim of this clinical study was to determine the optimal time-window for surgical treatment of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). From January 1998 to September 2000, 17 hospitals in Shanghai participated in a prospective randomized controlled trial. Among a consecutive series of 500 patients with spontaneous ICH, 234 underwent medical ...
Christian Elmar - - 2008
Radiotherapy (RT) is an important treatment option for emergencies in oncology. A multicenter patterns of care study (PCS) was conducted in all RT institutions in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. In 2003 a standardized structured questionnaire was sent to all RT institutions. Number and type of staff involved, number of patients, ...
Williamson Richard - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although uncommon, adverse radiation effects (ARE) are a potentially serious side effect of brain stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Corticosteroids are used to treat suspected ARE but side effects may be significant after long-term usage. Oral pentoxifylline (Ptx) and vitamin E therapy (VitE) are reported to benefit ARE seen in other ...
von Hoff Katja - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To investigate the neuropsychological outcome of children treated with surgery and posterior fossa irradiation for localized infratentorial ependymoma. METHODS: 23 patients (age 0.3 - 14 years at diagnosis) who were treated with local posterior fossa irradiation (54 Gy) underwent one (4 patients) or sequential (19 patients) neuropsychologic evaluation. The ...
Wang Ernest - - 2008
BACKGROUND: While the management of primary intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) remains controversial, there remains a subset of patients that undergo clot evacuation. This study aims to characterize brain physiology and biochemistry after surgery for this condition. METHODS: Thirty-six consecutive patients requiring ventilation for primary ICH had intracranial pressure (ICP), tissue oxygenation ...
Lim Jae Kwan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We focused on the cause of hematoma expansion after admission because the volume of hematoma after S-ICH plays a crucial role in the cause of mortality and morbidity. METHODS: In a retrospective review, 51 patients with hematoma expansion of S-ICH were identified among 880 cases of S-ICH treated between ...
De Salles A A F - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Radiosurgery evolved from brain to spine. Mechanical and computer advances in linear accelerator (LINAC) radiosurgery apply precise single/fractional stereotactic radiation to multiple pathologies. METHODS: During a 10-year span the senior author used proton-beam radiosurgery in over 300 lesions, followed by gamma-knife, adapted and dedicated LINACS, including cyber-knife, in another ...
Baghi Ahmad-Reza - - 2008
TO COMPARE SPHERICAL ABERRATION AND CONTRAST SENSITIVITY WITH TWO DIFFERENT TYPES OF ASPHERIC POSTERIOR CHAMBER INTRAOCULAR LENSES (PCIOLS): Tecnis Z9000 versus Akreos AO. Thirty-four eyes of 34 patients undergoing phacoemulsification for senile cataracts were randomly assigned to implantation of Tecnis Z9000 or Akreos AO PCIOLs. Outcome measures included best-corrected visual ...
Chandhanayingyong Chandhanarat - - 2008
Sacral schwannoma is a rare retrorectal tumor in adults. Postoperative sacral neurological deficit is difficult to avoid. Currently, there is no established consensus regarding best treatment options. We present the management and outcomes of sacral schwannoma in 4 patients treated with intralesional curettage and postoperative radiation. There were 3 women ...
Heller Justin B - - 2008
Controversy abounds as to how craniosynostosis affects intracranial volume and whether more extensive procedures achieve superior results. Intracranial volume and cephalic index were evaluated among nonsyndromic sagittal synostosis patients undergoing cranioplasty. Twenty-four children with isolated nonsyndromic sagittal synostosis underwent a total calvarial reconstruction. Volume and cephalic index measurements were taken ...
Omeis Ibrahim - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the long-term clinical outcomes and complication rates associated with percutaneous balloon compression (PBC) of the trigeminal ganglion in patients with recurrent trigeminal neuralgia (TN) who were treated surgically with procedures other than PBC. METHODS: In this retrospective study, the authors reviewed the results of 29 patients who ...
Sokolowski Mark J - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical series. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, volume, and extent of postoperative epidural hematoma resulting in thecal sac compression, and to identify risk factors correlated with measured hematoma volumes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Risk factors for postoperative hematoma development have been retrospectively determined in small populations of ...
Carhuapoma J Ricardo - - 2008
Recent reports suggest that when thrombolytic agents are administered within the clot, lysis rate accelerates at the expense of increased risk of worsening edema. To test this hypothesis, we report on the volumetric analysis of (1) the intraparenchymal hematoma and, (2) perihematomal edema in a cohort of ICH patients treated ...
Frenzel Tim - - 2008
Tetracyclines may be useful in preventing pathological vascular remodeling, thus decreasing the risk of spontaneous hemorrhage from brain vascular malformations. Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) and intracranial aneurysm patients undergoing noninvasive management were treated with minocycline or doxycycline (200 mg/day) up to 2 years in a prospective open-label safety pilot trial. The ...
Shoaib Amer A Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Hospital, Oswestry, SY10 7AG United Kingdom. - - 2008
The mini C arm is a mobile fluoroscopic device for use on extremities. It has been reported that this type of device has several advantages over a conventional C arm, the most important of which is a decreased level of radiation scatter to the surgeon. This was a case control ...
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