Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1517
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Rossi Alessandro - - 2010
PURPOSE: In our study, desflurane was hypothesized to reduce blood loss more than sevoflurane, both used with targeted mild controlled hypotension. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 20 American Society of Anesthesiologists Class I patients undergoing maxillofacial elective surgery for maxillary and mandibular osteotomies were randomized to a desflurane group ...
Changchien Chih-Fang - - 2010
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that optimal laryngeal mask airway (LMA) insertion conditions might be achieved with topical lidocaine and a smaller dose of propofol. In this study, insertion conditions after topical lidocaine 40 mg followed by propofol 2 mg.kg(-1) were compared with propofol 2 mg.kg(-1) or propofol 3 mg.kg(-1) alone. METHODS: ...
Ebneshahidi Amin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Amyl-m-cresol (Strepsils®) has been successfully used in the prophylaxis and treatment of oral inflammations, but its effects on postintubation sore throat and hoarseness are unknown. We conducted this study to evaluate the effects of Strepsils in reducing postintubation sore throat and hoarseness. METHODS: One hundred fifty patients, ASA physical ...
Riphaus A - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The use of sedation (e. g., of short-acting propofol) for gastrointestinal endoscopy has shown an upward trend in the United States and Europe over the last decade. This survey aimed at providing nationwide data on the current practice of endoscopic sedation and monitoring in Germany. METHODS: A ...
Musialowicz Tadeusz - - 2010
PURPOSE: Appropriate treatment of generalized convulsive refractory status epilepticus (RSE) requires general anesthesia in the intensive care unit (ICU) with continuous electroencephalography (cEEG) monitoring. During out of office hours and weekends, cEEG monitoring is not always available. The Bispectral Index (BIS) monitor can be used to assess the hypnotic component ...
Nasseri Karim - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Succinylcholine is a popular muscle relaxant and one of its most common side effects is muscle fasciculation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of remifentanil in preventing succinylcholine-induced fasciculation in patients undergoing general anesthesia. METHODS: In aprospective, double blind study, 60 ASA I & II ...
Huffman Daniel H - - 2010
CONTEXT: Motoneuron-pool facilitation after cryotherapy may be mediated by stimulation of thermoreceptors surrounding a joint. It is unknown whether menthol counterirritants, which also stimulate thermoreceptors, have the same effect on motoneuron-pool excitability (MNPE). OBJECTIVE: To compare quadriceps MNPE after a menthol-counterirritant application to the anterior knee, a sham counterirritant application, ...
Haghighi Mohammad - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to compare two methods of LMA insertion, "classic" versus "simplified" (AIRWAY), due to factors such as: time to insertion, number of attempts, blood stained LMA, air leak around LMA, and gastric inflation. The word "AIR WAY" refers to the similarity of this method ...
Jlala H A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Provision of preoperative information can alleviate patients' anxiety. However, the ideal method of delivering this information is unknown. Video information has been shown to reduce patients' anxiety, although little is known regarding the effect of preoperative multimedia information on anxiety in patients undergoing regional anaesthesia. METHODS: We randomized 110 ...
Ho Adelyn L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the addition of intracameral lidocaine to topical anaesthesia during cataract surgery leads to a decrease in the administration of intraoperative midazolam and fentanyl. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. PARTICIPANTS: The eyes of 124 patients undergoing phacoemulsification were included in the study, with 62 in the intracameral group ...
Dikmen Bayazit - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the preventive effects of propofol and ketamine as anesthetics on renal injury in unilateral ureteral obstruction (UO). METHODS: Twenty-four male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly assigned to four groups of six rabbits each. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with ...
Zhu Qianlin - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare the anesthetic outcomes of elderly and younger patients perioperatively, and to evaluate the safety of this procedure in elderly. A total of 25 patients undergoing elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery were enrolled in this study prospectively. Ten patients were more than or equal ...
Nonaka Satoru - - 2010
BACKGROUND: It is well known that carbon dioxide (CO(2)) is absorbed faster in the body than air and also that it is rapidly excreted through respiration. This study aimed to investigate the safety of CO(2) insufflation used for esophageal and gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in patients under deep sedation. ...
Tsai C-J - - 2010
Fibreoptic intubation is a valuable modality for airway management. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of dexmedetomidine vs target controlled propofol infusion in providing sedation during fibreoptic intubation. Forty patients with anticipated difficult airways and due to undergo tracheal intubation for elective surgery were enrolled and randomly allocated into ...
Cho H B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Intravenous administration of fentanyl derivatives can induce cough paradoxically. This study examined the incidence and severity of cough after a bolus of alfentanil and remifentanil. METHODS: Four hundred and sixty-five patients, aged 18-70 years, were allocated randomly to three groups to receive alfentanil 10 microg/kg, remifentanil 1 microg/kg or ...
Roach Carol Lafayette - - 2010
Preschoolers frequently require sedation for echocardiograms. This study compared various sedation drugs at the authors' institution, as well as the charges for moderate versus deep sedation. From 2001 to 2007, sedation was administered to 703 patients ages 2 to 4 years. Four drug regimens were used: chloral hydrate (CH), chloral ...
Cui Weihua - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Remifentanil is being increasingly used as an analgesic in fast-track surgery, but severe postoperative pain may happen occasionally. In this study, we evaluated the effects of systemic administration of lidocaine on postoperative pain and morphine requirements after propofol-remifentanil-based anaesthesia. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing thoracic surgery were randomly ...
Ambesh S P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Preinduction i.v. fentanyl bolus is associated with coughing in 28-65% of patients. Fentanyl-induced coughing (FIC) is not always benign and can be remarkably troublesome at the most critical moment of induction of anaesthesia when airway reflex is lost. We postulated that the huffing manoeuvre, a forced expiration against open ...
Amornyotin Somchai - - 2010
Aim. The aim of this study is to compare the clinical feasibility of Macintosh and Miller laryngoscopes for tracheal intubation in non-experienced users in anesthetized patients. Patients and Methods. 119 patients were randomized into the Macintosh group (59) and the Miller group (60). The primary outcome variable was successful tracheal ...
Calver Leonie A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Acute behavioural disturbance (ABD) is an increasing problem in emergency departments. This study aimed to determine the impact of a structured intramuscular (IM) sedation protocol on the duration of ABD in the emergency department. METHODS: A historical control study was undertaken comparing 58 patients who required physical restraint and ...
Boedeker Ben H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Bonfils intubating fiberscope has a limited upward tip angle of 40 degrees and requires retromolar entry into the hypopharynx. These factors may make its use less desirable when managing the difficult airway because most anesthesia providers are well versed in midline oral intubation rather than the lateral retromolar ...
Foon R - - 2010
This was a patient and assessor blinded randomised controlled trial to compare the patient and surgeon's satisfaction for retropubic tapes inserted under sedation vs spinal anaesthesia and also looking at the bladder sensation following insertion of the tape. A total of 38 patients completed the study (19 in each group). ...
Brezina A - - 2010
Hemorrhagic shock (HS) represents an acute event with high mortality. The optimal combination of anesthetics that would prevent hemodynamic collapse and allow damage control surgery has not yet been determined. We tested the hypothesis that a combination of dissociative anesthetic ketamine with alpha2-agonist medetomidine (MK group, n=10) would provide superior ...
Soldani Francesca - - 2010
AIMS: First, to compare the relative effectiveness of inhalation sedation using (A) nitrous oxide and oxygen with (B) nitrous oxide, sevoflurane, and oxygen in the management of children receiving dental extractions. Secondly, to determine patient and guardian preference between the two sedation techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, controlled, double-blinded, ...
O─čurlu M - - 2010
The study was conducted to determine whether bolus administrations of remifentanil-propofol could provide adequate analgesia and similar patient comfort with a faster recovery profile compared with bolus administrations of fentanyl-propofol during dilatation and sharp curettage. The patients were randomized to a remifentanil group (n=36) or fentanyl group (n=36). The remifentanil ...
Apipan Benjamas - - 2010
PURPOSE: The present study sought to determine whether premedication with oral propranolol 10 mg before hypotensive anesthesia with sodium nitroprusside could reduce reflex tachycardia, the amount of sodium nitroprusside used, and blood loss during hypotensive anesthesia for orthognathic surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 60 patients undergoing bimaxillary surgery ...
Ellerkmann R K - - 2010
This study was designed to investigate the impact of the Entropy Module and Bispectral Index (BIS) monitoring on drug consumption and recovery times compared with standard anaesthetic practice in patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery using a combination of regional and general anaesthesia as performed by an experienced anaesthesiologist. We hypothesised that ...
Park J Y - - 2010
This clinical study compared induction time, consumed anaesthetic dose, and haemodynamic and recovery profiles when using a new type of multifunctional anaesthesia machine (Zeus) in semi-closed or closed circuit modes. Sixty female patients undergoing gynaecological surgery were randomly assigned to three groups and received desflurane anaesthesia through a semi-closed circuit ...
Belda Eliseo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To record the bispectral index (BIS) when horses moved during either halothane or sevoflurane anaesthesia and when they made volitional movements during recovery from these anaesthetics. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Twenty-five client-owned horses undergoing surgery aged 8.8 (+/- 5.3; 1-19) years (mean +/- SD; range). METHODS: ...
Abramo Antonio - - 2010
Background. Xenon-in-oxygen is a high density gas mixture and may improve PaO2/FiO2 ratio in morbidly obese patients uniforming distribution of ventilation during anesthesia. Methods. We compared xenon versus sevoflurane anesthesia in twenty adult morbidly obese patients (BMI > 35) candidate for roux-en-Y laparoscopic gastric bypass and assessed PaO2/FiO2 ratio at ...
Schmittner M D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to determine whether spinal saddle block (SSB) is superior to total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) in perianal surgery. METHODS: Suitable patients aged 18-75 years (American Society of Anesthesiologists grade I or II) scheduled to undergo perianal surgery were randomized to SSB (1.0 ...
Lai Ren-Chun - - 2010
CT-guided microwave coagulation is a minimally invasive surgery for patients with liver cancer. Total intravenous anesthesia with propofol and fentanyl is commonly used. The depth of anesthesia during microwave coagulation for liver cancer is still monitored by clinical signs. There are few subjective and effective indicators. This study explored the ...
Mackey Edward F - - 2010
The effects of hypnosis/therapeutic suggestion in connection with intravenous sedation and surgery have been described in many clinical publications; however, few randomized, controlled, and blind studies have been performed in the outpatient area. This study aimed to evaluate the use of hypnosis/therapeutic suggestion as an adjunct to intravenous (IV) sedation ...
Mizrak Ayse - - 2010
To compare the effects of intravenous infusion of ketamine and propofol anesthesia in children undergoing strabismus surgery. Sixty pediatric patients aged 4-11 years were enrolled for the study. Patients in Group K were infused ketamine 1-3 mg/kg/hr (n = 30) and patients in Group P were infused with propofol 6-9 ...
Rahman Nik Hisamuddin Nik Ab - - 2010
This study examined the safety and effectiveness of the procedural sedation analgesia (PSA) technique carried out in the emergency department (ED) of a university hospital over a period of 1 year. The research was done to compare the effectiveness and efficacy of moderate sedation of fentanyl combined with either midazolam ...
El-Seify Zeinab A - - 2010
Low flow anesthesia can lead to reduction of anesthetic gas and vapor consumption. Laryngeal mask airway (LMA) has proved to be an effective and safe airway device. The aim of this study is to assess the feasibility of laryngeal mask airway during controlled ventilation using low fresh gas flow (1.0 ...
Bae Jin Ho - - 2010
The present study tested the effect of midazolam administration after sevoflurane anesthesia against emergence agitation in children in the recovery phase. A total of 60 children presenting for ophthalmic surgery under sevoflurane anesthesia were randomly placed in four groups from Group I to Group IV. Before the end of the ...
Sieber Frederick E FE Department of Anesthesiology & Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, 4940 Eastern Ave, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA. - - 2010
To determine whether limiting intraoperative sedation depth during spinal anesthesia for hip fracture repair in elderly patients can decrease the prevalence of postoperative delirium. We performed a double-blind, randomized controlled trial at an academic medical center of elderly patients (>or=65 years) without preoperative delirium or severe dementia who underwent hip ...
Nichols C - - 2010
To safely perform acute intra-arterial revascularization procedures, use of sedative medications and paralytics is often necessary. During the conduct of the Interventional Management of Stroke trials (I and II), the level of sedation used periprocedurally varied. At some institutions, patients were paralyzed and intubated as part of the procedural standard ...
Kim S H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Desflurane at more than 1 minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) has been shown to prolong the QT interval, but it is unclear whether this is the case at lower concentrations. The aim of this study was to determine whether desflurane concentrations of <1 MAC affect tracheal intubation-induced prolongation of the ...
Dreher Michael - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The use of sedation during flexible bronchoscopy (FB) is undisputed; however, the combination of benzodiazepines and opiates, although reasonable, is suggested to cause hypoventilation, particularly in patients with pre-existing respiratory failure. OBJECTIVES: To assess respiratory function during FB. METHODS: Transcutaneous PCO(2 )(PtcCO(2)), oxygen saturation, patients' tolerance, time after FB ...
Kazak Zuleyha - - 2010
This study was aimed to compare the intraoperative sedative and perioperative analgesic drug requirements and the incidences of postoperative side effects on the patients who received preoperative gabapentin or placebo. Sixty patients undergoing nasal septal or nasal sinus surgery were included. The patients received either 600 mg gabapentin (Group G) ...
Turkstra Timothy P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The GlideScope videolaryngoscope (Verathon Medical, Bothell, WA) usually provides excellent glottic visualization, but directing an endotracheal tube through the vocal cords can be challenging. The goal of the study was to compare the dedicated Flex-It stylet (FIS, Parker Medical, Highlands Ranch, CO) with a malleable stylet, as assessed by ...
Cinar Kubilay - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The major goals of analgesia and sedation are to provide pain control and anxiolysis and to facilitate therapeutic and diagnostic interventions. A combination of midazolam and an opioid is usually administered to achieve sedation and analgesia during colonoscopy. However, the value of adding analgesics to sedative agents has not ...
Barletta Jeffrey F - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative opioid requirements in patients who received dexmedetomidine versus propofol after cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Large, community teaching hospital that uses a fast-track cardiovascular recovery unit (CVRU) model. PATIENTS: One hundred adults who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery and/or valvular surgery, and ...
Nishiyama Tomoki - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the difference in performance of two different auditory evoked potentials (AEP) monitors, the A-Line AEP (AAI) and the aepEX, and their indices, during general anesthesia. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Operating room at a private hospital. PATIENTS: 40 ASA physical status I and II women, aged 30 ...
Iyer Vivek N - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Propofol is a sedative, anesthetic, and antiepileptic agent that is frequently used in patients with refractory status epilepticus. Propofol infusion syndrome is a feared complication of propofol use, especially at high infusion rates for prolonged periods. The present study describes the use of propofol and its associated complications in ...
Gerlach Anthony T - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate recent comparative studies regarding the safety and efficacy of dexmedetomidine in adults. DATA SOURCES: Articles evaluating safety and efficacy of dexmedetomidine were identified from an English-language MEDLINE search (1996-July 2009), with a focus on data published since our previous review in 2007 to the present. MeSH terms ...
Abbas Nighat - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To asses the effects of Rocuronium pretreatment on Succinylcholine induced Fasciculations and postoperative Myalgias. METHODS: A randomized double blind case control study was conducted in Department of Anaesthesia and Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi from October 2003 - April 2004. Sixty adults ASA I or II ...
Erden I A - - 2009
AIM: Invasive diagnostic and therapeutic interventional radiological procedures can be painful and anxiety provoking. The combination of propofol and ketamine may minimize the need for supplemental opioid analgesics and has the potential to provide better sedation with less toxicity than either drug alone. METHODS: Seventy-two consenting ASA physical status I- ...
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