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Ornek Ender - - 2010
The effects of sevoflurane general anesthesia and bupivacaine selective spinal anesthesia on QT dispersion (QTd) and corrected QT (QTc) interval were investigated. This prospective, randomized, double-blind study was conducted between July and September 2009 in the Urology and General Surgery operating rooms. Forty ASA I-II patients undergoing noncardiac surgery were ...
Yun Mi-Ja - - 2010
We introduce a new, simple portable inhalational induction device (PD) that provides co-operative inhalational induction of anaesthesia using N(2)O and subsequent sevoflurane in the preanaesthetic induction area in children. Forty-five children (30 to 94 months old age, <35 kg) who were scheduled to undergo simple operations were assigned randomly to ...
Lee Jae Jun - - 2010
We evaluated the effect and safety of the immediate postoperative continuous infusion of remifentanil at two doses in patients undergoing laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) with alfentanil-based patient-controlled analgesia (PCA). The study enrolled 50 ASA physical status 1 or 2 patients scheduled to undergo LAVH. Anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane-remifentanil-air. At ...
Gommeren Kris - - 2010
To describe outcome of treatment with propofol and phenobarbital for status epilepticus (SE) after portosystemic shunt (PSS) attenuation. Three dogs without preceding seizure activity, were diagnosed with a single extrahepatic PSS. Following standard preoperative medical therapy, an ameroid constrictor was placed surgically. Recovery was uneventful until spontaneous SE developed 46-96 ...
Wildschut E D - - 2010
In most extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) centers patients are heavily sedated to prevent accidental decannulation and bleeding complications. In ventilated adults not on ECMO, daily sedation interruption protocols improve short- and long-term outcome. This study aims to evaluate safety and feasibility of sedation interruption following cannulation in neonates on ECMO. ...
Mallat J - - 2010
To assess the difficulty in both laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation related to goitre and to identify factors predictive of difficult intubation due to this condition. Prospective observational. We used the Intubation Difficulty Scale (IDS) in 80 consecutive patients with large goitre (defined by the inability to palpate the cricoid cartilage, ...
Katznelson Rita - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We conducted a prospective controlled clinical trial of the effect of isocapnic hyperpnoea (IH) on the times-to-recovery milestones in the operating room (OR) and postanesthetic care unit (PACU) after 1.5 to 3 hours of isoflurane anesthesia. METHODS: Thirty ASA grade I-III patients undergoing elective gynecological surgery were randomized at ...
Park E Y - - 2010
The Airtraq laryngoscope is a new tracheal intubation device that has been developed for the management of normal and difficult airways. As with the lightwand, the Airtraq can be used without placing the patient in the 'sniffing position' for direct laryngoscopy. The purpose of this study was to compare the ...
Elcicek Kamuran - - 2010
In this study we investigated the effects of intravenously administered dexmedetomidine on the duration of hyperbaric ropivacaine in spinal anesthesia, and the side effects. In a prospective, double-blind study, sixty ASA I-II patients were randomized to two groups of 30 individuals. All patients were administered hyperbaric ropivacaine (22.5 mg) for ...
Ceylan Berit G - - 2011
We investigated effects of vitamin C and E (VCE) administration on desflurane-induced oxidative toxicity and element changes in the blood of operative patients under desflurane general anesthesia. Forty American Society of Anesthesiologists I or II Physical Status adult patients were scheduled for elective surgery. The patients were randomly divided into ...
Thee Carsten - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Analogue disposable devices of the laryngeal tube S II (LTS II) and the Fastrach laryngeal intubation mask (ILMA, Fastrach), namely the laryngeal tube disposable (LTS-D) and the Fastrach laryngeal intubation mask disposable (Fastrach-D), have recently been introduced. The purpose of this study was to compare each reusable ...
Tang Yu-Ying - - 2010
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of propofol-fentanyl sedation protocol with ketamine for gynecologic diagnostic laparoscopy. DESIGN: Prospective, double-blind, randomized study (Canadian Task Force classification I). SETTING: Outpatient operating unit in a university hospital specializing in obstetrics and gynecology. PATIENTS: Eighty women who underwent outpatient gynecologic diagnostic laparoscopy. INTERVENTIONS: Patients ...
Chen Xinzhong - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Surgical stress index (SSI), a novel multivariate index, has recently been proven to react well to surgical nociceptive stimuli and analgesic drug concentration changes during general anesthesia. We investigated the feasibility of application of SSI for guidance of remifentanil administration during propofol-remifentanil anesthesia. METHODS: Eighty patients scheduled for elective ...
Sieber Frederick E - - 2010
To test the hypothesis that sedation in elderly patients is often electrophysiologically equivalent to general anesthesia (GA). Prospective, observational study. Operating room of a university medical center. 40 elderly patients (>or=65 yrs of age) undergoing hip fracture repair with spinal anesthesia and propofol-based sedation. In the routine practice group (RP; ...
Faigenbaum Avery D - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of recovery time following a dynamic warm-up (DY) and a static stretch warm-up (SS) on power performance in adolescent athletes. Following baseline measures, 19 males (16.5 +/- 1.1 yrs) performed the vertical jump (VJ) and seated medicine ball toss (MB) ...
Garvey Lene H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mast cell tryptase is used clinically in the evaluation of anaphylaxis during anesthesia, because symptoms and signs of anaphylaxis are often masked by the effect of anesthesia. No larger studies have examined whether surgery and anesthesia affect serum tryptase. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect ...
Choi Yun Mi - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare the streamlined liner of the pharynx airway (SLIPA), a new supraglottic airway device (SGA), with the laryngeal mask airway ProSeal (PLMA) during general anesthesia. Sixty patients were randomly allocated to two groups; a PLMA group (n = 30) or a SLIPA group ...
Lee Yoon Sook - - 2010
The rapid emergence and recovery from general anesthesia afforded by sevoflurane is associated with a high incidence of emergence agitation in children. Small doses of ketamine reduce the incidence of emergence agitation. This study compared the effects of ketamine 0.25 mg/kg and 0.5 mg/kg on emergence agitation and postoperative pain. ...
Singh Bajwa Sukhminder Jit - - 2010
Keeping in consideration the merits of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA), a genuine attempt was made to find the ideal drug combinations which can be used in general anesthesia. This study was conducted to evaluate and compare two drug combinations of TIVA using propofol-ketamine and propofol-fentanyl and to study the induction, ...
El Said Tarek M - - 2010
To describe the method that seeks to improve the administration of regional anesthesia for vitroretinal surgery avoiding the risk of potential complications associated with other techniques through comparison of safety and efficacy of classic peribulbar anesthesia versus single percutaneous technique using a prospective, randomized clinical trial. One hundred patients were ...
Oh A Y - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In this prospective, randomized, double-blind study, we evaluated and compared the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) after paediatric strabismus surgery with two different anaesthetic methods, sevoflurane or remifentanil-sevoflurane. METHODS: In total, 78 paediatric patients (aged 6-11 yr) undergoing strabismus surgery were enrolled and randomly assigned to two ...
Gonano C - - 2010
AIM: Anxiety is an important perioperative issue, especially in patients undergoing spinal anesthesia. Intraoperative noise is potentially harmful to staff and patients and hinders continuous sedation. The primary goal was to test the hypothesis that patients wearing single-use paraffin wax earplugs while undergoing spinal anesthesia in an extremely noisy environment ...
Höcker J - - 2010
We enrolled 114 patients, aged 65-83 years, undergoing elective surgery (duration > 2h) into a randomised, controlled study to evaluate the performance of bispectral index and spectral entropy for monitoring depth of xenon versus propofol anaesthesia. In the propofol group, bispectral index and state entropy values were comparable. In the ...
Vlatten Arnim - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Difficult airway management in children is challenging. One alternative device to the gold standard of direct laryngoscopy is the STORZ Bonfils fiberscope (Karl Storz Endoscopy, Tuttlingen, Germany), a rigid fiberoptic stylette-like scope with a curved tip. Although results in adults have been encouraging, reports regarding its use in children ...
Péan D - - 2010
AIM: The most recommended technique for the management of patients with a difficult airway is fiberoptic intubation (FOI). The aim of this study was to compare propofol and sevoflurane for FOI performance in patients who were difficult to intubate. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients scheduled for maxillo-facial surgery were included in this ...
Péan D - - 2010
The most recommended technique for the management of patients with a difficult airway is fiberoptic intubation (FOI). The aim of this study was to compare propofol and sevoflurane for FOI performance in patients who were difficult to intubate. Seventy-eight patients scheduled for maxillo-facial surgery were included in this prospective, randomized ...
Gouvêa Glauber - - 2010
The objective of this study is to evaluate the right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) during orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) under 2 different anesthetic regimens: propofol vs isoflurane anesthesia. We retrospectively analyzed the hemodynamic data of 25 (n = 25) patients who underwent OLT during the last year (2008). All patients ...
Liu Liangji - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Airway Scope (AWS) (Pentax-AWS, Hoya Corp., Tokyo, Japan) and the Airtraq (ATQ) (Prodol, Vizcaya, Spain) have similarities in the novel structures of their blades. In this study, we evaluated the ease of use of the AWS and ATQ compared with the Macintosh laryngoscope (ML) by inexperienced personnel in ...
Lauta Enrico - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Nearly every anesthetic agent has been used for craniotomy, yet the choice between intravenous or volatile agents has been considered an area of significant debate in neuroanesthesia. We designed a Randomized Clinical Trial to test the hypothesis that inhalation anesthesia (sevoflurane/remifentanil--group S) reduces emergence time by 5 minutes compared ...
Taha S K - - 2010
This study investigates the effect of suxamethonium vs rocuronium on the onset of haemoglobin desaturation during apnoea, following rapid sequence induction of anaesthesia. Sixty patients were randomly allocated to one of three groups. Anaesthesia was induced with lidocaine 1.5 mg.kg(-1), fentanyl 2 microg.kg(-1) and propofol 2 mg.kg(-1), followed by either ...
Koruk Senem - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Children undergoing cardiac catheterization usually need general anesthesia or deep sedation. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to compare the effects of propofol/dexmedetomidine and propofol/ketamine combinations on recovery time and hemodynamic parameters in pediatric patients undergoing transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD) closure. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized study. Pediatric ...
Dunn Mark J G - - 2011
Objective To compare recovery from sedation using remifentanil and propofol with our standard regimen of morphine and midazolam for closed reduction in shoulder dislocation in an ED. Methods We randomised 40 patients for closed shoulder reduction to receive either remifentanil and propofol (R&P) (20 patients) or morphine and midazolam (M&M) ...
Mustola S - - 2010
Surgical Stress Index has been proposed for assessment of surgical stress and analgesia. It is a numeric index based on the normalised pulse beat interval and photoplethysmographic pulse wave amplitude. We determined the effect-site concentration of remifentanil for attenuation of Surgical Stress Index responses to intubation of the trachea. Thirty ...
Tazeh-Kand Nasrin Faridi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Sore throat is a common complication after surgery. Postoperative cough and hoarseness can also be distressing to patients. We sought to determine the effect of an inhaler steroid on sore throat, cough, and hoarseness during the first 24 hours of the postoperative period. METHODS: We enrolled 120 women with ...
Zier Judith L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Nitrous oxide (N(2)O) delivered at a concentration <50% is accepted as a minimal sedation drug by both the American Society of Anesthesiologists and the American Academy of Pediatrics. The expected level of sedation at an N(2)O concentration >50% is less clear. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review for ...
Cho Junho - - 2010
This study compared the Airway scope (AWS) to the Macintosh laryngoscope (ML) during chest compressions on a fresh cadaver. This was a prospective crossover study. The participants who had experiences with AWS were excluded. The participants intubated with randomly assigned AWS or ML on a fresh cadaver during chest compressions. ...
Singh Rabinder - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to compare the efficacy and safety of propofol vs propofol-ketamine combination for sedation during pediatric spinal anesthesia. METHODS: Forty children, aged 3-8 undergoing spinal anesthesia for lower abdominal surgeries were included. Participants were randomly assigned into two groups. Group 1 received propofol bolus of 2 ...
de Saint Maurice Guillaume - - 2010
Safety rules continue growing rapidly, as if constraining human behaviour was the unique avenue for reaching ultimate safety. Safety rules are essential for a safe system, but their multiplication can have counterproductive effects. To monitor, in an anaesthesia ward, compliance with a process-oriented safety rule, and understand barriers and facilitators ...
Mosing Martina - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the isoflurane sparing effect and the post-surgical analgesia provided by a brachial plexus block (BPB) in cats undergoing distal thoracic limb surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized blinded clinical study. ANIMALS: Twenty client-owned cats. METHODS: Cats were assigned to receive either no BPB (group NB) or a nerve ...
Jang Inseok - - 2010
Spinal anesthesia and intrathecal clonidine are known to have hypnotic effects. We investigated the effect of spinal anesthesia and intrathecal clonidine on the requirement of propofol for sedation. Sixty adult patients scheduled for stripping and ligation of varicose veins under local or spinal anesthesia were enrolled in this study. Group ...
Martinez Jean Yves - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine whether online use of a beat-by-beat cardiovascular index, CARDEAN (Alpha-2, Lyon, France), modifies the incidence of patient movement during colonoscopy under anesthesia. METHODS: Monitoring included an electrocardiogram, oscillometric and noninvasive beat-by-beat arterial blood pressure, O2 saturation, bispectral index (BIS), and CARDEAN. CARDEAN consists of beat-by-beat ...
Birkenh?ger Tom K - - 2010
Postanesthesia bradycardia or asystole before electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) occurs very infrequently but is a potentially fatal complication of pre-ECT anesthesia. The optimal strategy for the prevention of its recurrence is unclear because the use of premedication with atropine may not always be successful. In this article, we present the case ...
Müller Tamara - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In total intravenous anaesthesia, two different application modes for propofol are widely used: infusion by means of manually controlled infusion pumps, and infusion by means of microprocessor-controlled infusion pumps operating according to pharmacokinetic algorithms (target controlled infusion, TCI). The parallel use of these two methods in our ...
Kim Soo Hwan - - 2010
To evaluate the usefulness of Bonfils intubation fiberscope assisted by direct laryngoscopy (BIF-DL) and flexible fiberoptic bronchoscope assisted by direct laryngoscopy (FOB-DL) using video recording in cases of unanticipated difficult intubation with respect to the time required to visualize the vocal cords and place the endotracheal tube. We compared two ...
Groves N D - - 2010
This study explored whether patients' preference for particular types of anaesthesia could be influenced pre-operatively by giving them the addresses of various relevant websites. Patients at an orthopaedic pre-assessment education clinic completed a questionnaire, which included a short multiple-choice general knowledge quiz about anaesthesia, and also questioned them as to ...
Vari Alessandra - - 2010
The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) after thyroidectomy and the association of Propofol versus Sevoflurane use for anesthesia maintenance were investigated during a randomized, prospective study. One hundred and ninety-eight patients underwent thyroidectomy receiving either Sevoflurane (0.5-1.3% end-tidal) or Propofol (50-200 mg/kg/min) for anesthesia maintenance. All patients received ...
Patel Mamta G - - 2010
ProSeal(TM) Laryngeal Mask Airway (PLMA) for children had been introduced in 2004, by Dr. Archie Brain. It has, in addition to Classic Laryngeal Mask Airway (CLMA), a drainage tube for providing a bypass channel for gastric contents to prevent regurgitation and pulmonary aspiration. A randomized prospective study was performed comprising ...
Ray Manjushree - - 2010
This randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind study was designed to assess the effect of intravenous clonidine and magnesium sulphate on intraoperative haemodynamics, anaesthetic consumption and postoperative recovery. Seventy five patients undergoing elective upper limb orthopaedic surgery were randomised into three groups. Group C received clonidine 3 mug/kg as a bolus before induction ...
Borazan Hale - - 2010
PURPOSE: Our intention was to assess the effectiveness of preoperative oral melatonin medication on sedation, sleep quality, and postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing elective prostatectomy. METHODS: Fifty-two ASA I-II patients undergoing elective prostatectomy were included in this study, randomly divided into two groups. Patients received an oral placebo (n = ...
Kikuchi Tsuyoshi - - 2010
The authors have reported that carbon dioxide (CO(2)) insufflation is safe and effective for lengthy endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) with the patient under conscious sedation. However, CO(2) monitoring has not been assessed to clarify whether partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PCO(2)) increases during this type of long procedure. This study ...
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