Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1528
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Rocco Monica - - 2010
To assess the feasibility of remifentanil-based sedation in hypoxemic acute respiratory failure (HARF) patients refusing to continue noninvasive ventilation (NPPV) for intolerance to two different interfaces-helmet and total face mask. Prospective uncontrolled clinical investigation in a 14-bed ICU of an university hospital in Italy. Thirty-six patients with persistent severe HARF ...
Venkatesh Vidheya - - 2011
There has been a significant increase in premedication use for neonatal intubation in the UK over the past decade. We aimed to determine the adverse events during neonatal intubation using the most commonly used premedication regimen in the UK. We prospectively studied all intubations performed using morphine, suxamethonium and atropine ...
Borendal Wodlin N - - 2011
to determine whether the duration of hospital stay after abdominal hysterectomy in a fast-track setting differed between women operated under general anaesthesia or in spinal anaesthesia with intrathecal morphine. an open randomised controlled multicentre study. five hospitals in the south-east of Sweden. one hundred and eighty women scheduled for benign ...
Arnot-Smith J - - 2010
Neuromuscular blockade is a powerful anaesthetic tool that has the potential for significant adverse outcomes. We sought to explore the national picture by analysing incidents relating to neuromuscular blockade in anaesthesia from the National Reporting and Learning System from England and Wales between 2006 and 2008. We searched the database ...
Soro Marina - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Anesthetic Conserving Device--AnaConDa® (ACD)--has been compared with a conventional vaporizer. However, the accuracy of the administered concentration of volatile anesthetics was not examined. In the present study we measured the accuracy of the ACD when used as a portable vaporizer. METHODS: This prospective study included 30 ASA I-III ...
Farouk Sherif - - 2010
Midazolam has analgesic effects mediated by gamma aminobutyric acid-A receptors. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of midazolam on anesthesia and analgesia quality when added to lidocaine for intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA). Forty patients undergoing hand surgery were randomly assigned to two groups to receive IVRA. The control ...
Liu Shu-jie - - 2010
Vital capacity induction and tidal breathing induction are currently administered for inhalation induction of anesthesia with sevoflurane. The aim of this study was to compare them using sevoflurane with respect to induction time, complications of inhalation induction, and compound A production in adult patients. Fifty-one women with American Society of ...
Hanci Volkan - - 2010
The present study compared the effects of anesthesia induction with sevoflurane and propofol on hemodynamics, P-wave dispersion (Pwd), QT interval and corrected QT (QTc) interval. A total of 72 adult patients were included in this prospective study. All patients had control electrocardiograms (ECGs) before anesthesia induction. Anesthesia was induced with ...
Ponnudurai Rex N - - 2010
To determine whether degree of mental retardation (MR) affects bispectral index scale (BIS) scores during general anesthesia. Prospective clinical study. University Hospital. 80 ASA physical status I, II and III patients with varying degrees of MR, undergoing dental rehabilitation. Patients were grouped into mild, moderate, severe or profound degrees of ...
Van der Linden Philippe J - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that, in vascular surgery patients, the application of a goal-directed strategy based on a pulse contour-derived cardiac index would be associated with a better haemodynamic status than the application of routine perioperative care and that the amount of fluid and/or inotropes required in such a ...
Umesh Goneppanavar - - 2010
The jaw lift maneuver has been traditionally used to facilitate Trachlight-guided orotracheal intubation. The aim of this study was to compare the jaw lift maneuver with another potentially useful maneuver, tongue traction, for facilitating Trachlight-guided orotracheal intubation. This study was prospective and randomized in design. A single experienced investigator performed ...
Jun N H - - 2010
This randomised, double-blinded, controlled trial was designed to identify the optimal dose of remifentanil for cough suppression without adverse effects during emergence from sevoflurane-remifentanil anaesthesia for thyroidectomy. One hundred and four patients were randomly assigned to maintain target effect-site concentrations of remifentanil at 0 (control group), 1.0 (remifentail 1 group), ...
Barbosa Ricardo Antônio Guimarães RA Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, FMUSP, - - 2010
Ultrasound-guided transrectal prostate biopsy is a reference in the diagnosis of prostate neoplasias. The higher the number of samples, the greater is the pain and discomfort. The objective of this study was to compare three anesthetic techniques in this group of patients. Forty-five patients were included in this study. Patients ...
Portella Alfredo Augusto Vieira AA Anesthesiology Department of Hospital Universitário Pedro Ernesto, UERJ. - - 2010
Sevoflurane is presented in three types of vials. The differences in physical-chemical properties of those products are due to different manufacturing processes, although they are essentially identical regarding chemical comparison tests. It has been hypothesized that the Sevoflurane molecule could present chemical instability due to the formation of Lewis acids ...
Mahmoud Mohamed - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Oral enteric contrast medium (ECM) is frequently administered to achieve visualization of the gastrointestinal tract during abdominal evaluation with computed tomography (CT). Administering oral ECM less than 2 hours before sedation/anesthesia violates the nothing-by-mouth guidelines and in theory may increase the risk of aspiration pneumonia. In this study we ...
Pieters Benjamin J - - 2010
Emergence delirium (ED) is a frequent postoperative complication in young children undergoing ENT procedures and it may be exacerbated by sevoflurane anesthesia whereas propofol maintenance has been suggested to decrease the incidence of ED. The aim of this randomized, prospective, double-blind study was to evaluate the effect of sevoflurane vs ...
Khamaysi Iyad - - 2011
The risk of exacerbating sub-clinical hepatic encephalopathy (HE) by propofol has not been established. The aim of this study is to determine whether the use of propofol, for upper endoscopy in patients with cirrhosis, precipitates sub-clinical HE. Sixty-one patients with compensated HCV and HBV cirrhosis (CP score 5-6) were randomly ...
Kim Yu-Kyoung - - 2011
Patients undergoing impacted mandibular third molar (IMTM) extraction often have severe perioperative anxiety, which may lead to increased perceptions of pain and vital sign instability throughout surgery. Intraoperational musical interventions have been used during operations to decrease patient anxiety levels. We investigated the anxiolytic effects of musical intervention during surgical ...
Patel Anuradha - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine, a specific α(2) agonist, has an analgesic-sparing effect and reduces emergence agitation. We compared an intraoperative dexmedetomidine infusion with bolus fentanyl to reduce perioperative opioid use and decrease emergence agitation in children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome undergoing adenotonsillectomy (T&A). METHODS: One hundred twenty-two patients with obstructive sleep ...
Nomura Yuki - - 2010
The use of remifentanil is often associated with the observation of mesenteric traction syndrome (MTS) soon after manipulation of the intestine during abdominal surgery. MTS symptoms include facial flushing, hypotension, and tachycardia. In the study reported here, we prospectively investigated the effects of remifentanil on the incidence of MTS in ...
Chau Jason K M - - 2010
To compare minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) under local anesthesia (MIPULA) to minimally invasive parathyroidectomy performed under general anesthesia (MIPUGA) in terms of postoperative pain, postanesthetic side effects, patient satisfaction, and overall outcome. Prospective comparative cohort study. Consecutive consenting patients presenting to a single surgeon's practice were enrolled into MIPULA or ...
Weber Frank - - 2010
In adults anesthetized with propofol, muscle relaxants may decrease the Bispectral Index (BIS). The aim of this prospective randomized trial was to detect the influence of a muscle relaxant bolus on the BIS and the Cerebral State Index (CSI) in children under propofol anesthesia. Forty pediatric patients, age 6.6 +/- ...
Budić Ivana - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIM: Reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue leads to injuries mediated by reactive oxygen species. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of different anesthesia techniques on oxidative stress caused by tourniquet-induced ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury during extremity operations at children's age. METHODS: The study included 45 patients American ...
Compton C W R - - 2010
AIMS: To describe the reproductive performance and management practices over three lactations in dairy herds that had different policies on the routine use of induction of parturition; to describe any change in outcomes in herds that ceased inductions during the study period; and to investigate other herd-level factors associated with ...
Solanki Abhilasha - - 2010
Postoperative cardiac surgery patients are usually sedated according to clinical sedation scores. Electrophysiological data derived from electroencephalography, such as the bispectral index (BIS), have been reported to assess and quantify the level of sedation, although experience in these patients is limited. In the current study, we evaluated a closed-loop system ...
Frieling T - - 2010
The guidelines of the German Gastroenterology Society (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Verdauungs- und Stoffwechselkrankheiten, DGVS) demand the presence of an additional qualified person solely responsible for patient monitoring during sedated endoscopy. Transnasal esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) allows easy access to the upper gastrointestinal tract and may avoid the complications induced by conscious sedation ...
Dupanović Mirsad - - 2010
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the success of orotracheal intubation in 62 seconds or less using the GlideScope video laryngoscope (GVL) and a 60 degrees or 90 degrees angled stylet with reverse loading of the endotracheal tube (ETT). DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: Operating room of a university hospital. PATIENTS: 120 ...
Ziegeler Stephan - - 2010
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of duration of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) on recovery of the bispectral index (BIS). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Operating room of university teaching hospital. PATIENTS: 30 adult, ASA physical status III and IV patients scheduled for cardiac surgery with extracorporeal circulation (ECC) ...
Song J C - - 2010
In this study, we compared liver function tests after hepatectomy with inflow occlusion as a function of propofol versus sevoflurane anesthesia. One hundred patients undergoing elective liver resection with inflow occlusion were randomized into a sevoflurane group or a propofol group. General anesthesia was induced with 3 μg/kg fentanyl, 0.2 ...
Hrelec Candace - - 2010
Effectively monitoring the level of consciousness during general anesthesia is clinically beneficial to both the patient and the physician. An electroencephalogram (EEG)-based level-of-consciousness monitor can help minimize intraoperative awareness as well as the effects of over-sedation. In this study, we compared the SNAP II (Stryker Instruments, Kalamazoo, MI USA) and ...
Canas M - - 2010
Medical mistakes have been identified as resulting from a breakdown in one or more of five major areas: equipment performance, communication, staffing levels, complex environments and workloads. Because many of these areas relate directly to the practice of anesthesiology, they can contribute significantly to the safety and quality of the ...
Canas M - - 2010
Medical mistakes have been identified as resulting from a breakdown in one or more of five major areas: equipment performance, communication, staffing levels, complex environments and workloads. Because many of these areas relate directly to the practice of anesthesiology, they can contribute significantly to the safety and quality of the ...
Judah J R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Sedation of patients for deep small bowel enteroscopy presents unique challenges and is traditionally provided by anesthesiologists. No study has directly evaluated gastroenterologist-guided, nurse-administered sedation for deep enteroscopy. Further, no comparison exists between gastroenterologist-guided versus anesthesiologist-guided sedation during deep enteroscopy. AIMS: To evaluate safety and efficacy of performing deep ...
Fahlenkamp A V - - 2010
BACKGROUND: None of the currently available hypnosis monitoring systems have evaluated balanced xenon anaesthesia. We investigated the performance of the bispectral index (BIS) and the composite A-line autoregressive index (cAAI) while comparing balanced xenon with sevoflurane anaesthesia. METHODS: Sixty patients undergoing elective abdominal surgery participated in this registered double-blinded, controlled ...
Che Kendrick K Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA. - - 2010
To assess the tolerability and safety of same-day tandem procedures, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) followed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) under conscious sedation. A retrospective review was conducted at Loma Linda University Medical Center, a tertiary-care center. All 54 patients who underwent EUS followed by ERCP (group A) from 2004 to ...
Gecaj-Gashi A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia influences the thermoregulatory process. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of low-dose prophylactic ketamine with that of placebo in preventing postoperative shivering. METHODS: A prospective randomized double-blind study involved 76 ASA I and II patients undergoing general anesthesia that was expected to last ...
Bessa Samer S - - 2010
For laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), the use of spinal anesthesia may offer several advantages over general anesthesia. The aim of this prospective, randomized study was to compare the surgical outcome of LC performed under general anesthesia to that of LC performed under spinal anesthesia. Sixty patients were randomly assigned to either ...
Batra Yatindra K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Propofol is a popular agent for providing procedural sedation in pediatric population during lumbar puncture and spinal anesthesia. Adjuvants like clonidine and fentanyl are administered intrathecally to prolong the duration of spinal anesthesia and to provide postoperative analgesia. We studied the propofol requirement after intrathecal administration of clonidine or ...
Shin Won-Jung - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The I-gel is a new single-use supraglottic airway device without an inflatable cuff. This study was designed to investigate the usefulness of the I-gel compared with the classic laryngeal mask airway (cLMA) and ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (pLMA) in anaesthetized, paralysed patients. METHODS: The American Society of ...
Gunusen I - - 2010
Preload with crystalloid or colloid solution is widely recommended for the prevention of maternal hypotension during spinal anaesthesia. A combination of simultaneous rapid crystalloid infusion with vasopressor has also been suggested. This study tested the hypothesis that ephedrine infusion with crystalloid loading at spinal anaesthesia would reduce hypotension and alter ...
Ai Qing - - 2010
This study evaluated the effect of pentazocine pretreatment on fentanyl-induced cough. With ethics committee approval, 277 ASA I-II patients, aged between 19 and 63 years, undergoing various elective surgeries during general anesthesia, were enrolled in this prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. All patients were randomly assigned to one of ...
Gonano C - - 2010
investigator either placed or did not place earplugs into the patients' ears (PLUG or noPLUG groups, respectively). Propofol requirements for stable sedation guided by the bispectral index and incidence of postoperative recall of intraoperative events were assessed in a double-blinded fashion. We found high but comparable propofol requirements in both ...
Abdel Hamid Ahmed Mostafa - - 2010
This study was designed to compare the intra-operative and post-operative analgesic requirements and side effects of using fentanyl infusion versus remifentanil infusion during short-duration surgical procedures in children. The study comprised of 40 children randomly allocated into two equal groups: fentanyl (F-group) or remifentanil (R-group). Both were administered a continuous ...
Lee Younsuk - - 2010
The regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) decreases significantly during ordinary anesthetic recovery in pediatric patients anesthetized with sevoflurane or desflurane. The present study examined the relationship between rSO(2) and the clinical parameters associated with the degree of anesthetic recovery. Twelve pediatric patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status 1 ...
Park Sang-Jin - - 2010
Macintosh laryngoscopic intubation is a lifesaving procedure, but a difficult skill to learn. The Airtraq optical laryngoscope (AOL) is a novel intubation device with advantages over the direct laryngoscope for untrained personnel in a manikin study. We compared the effectiveness of AOL with Macintosh laryngoscope for tracheal intubation by novice ...
Park Sun Young - - 2010
This study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of intravenous low dose ketamine for reducing the incidence and severity of postoperative sore throat (POST). This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind clinical trial. The study population consisted of 70 patients between 20 and 70 years old who were classified as American ...
Klamt Jyrson Guilherme JG Department of Biomechanics, Medicine, and Rehabilitation of the Locomotor System of FMRP-USP, Ribeirão Preto, SP. - - 2010
To evaluate the efficacy of the combined infusion of dexmedetomidine and fentanyl on the hemodynamic response during cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in children. Thirty-two children, ages 1 month to 10 years, scheduled for cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were randomly divided in two groups: the MDZ Group received ...
Soehle M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The patient state index (PSI) and the bispectral index (BIS) quantify anaesthetic depth based on the EEG using different algorithms. We compared both indices with regard to the prediction of the depth of propofol anaesthesia. METHODS: In 17 patients, propofol was infused until burst suppression occurred and stopped thereafter ...
Tempe Deepak K - - 2011
To analyze the hemodynamic effects and myocardial injury using troponin-T and creatine phosphokinase (CPK-MB) with isoflurane and compare it with a control group in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. This prospective, randomized study was performed in patients scheduled for elective OPCAB surgery during February 2007 to February ...
Flier S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In experimental and clinical studies, volatile anaesthesia has proven to possess cardioprotective properties. However, no randomized controlled trials on the use of isoflurane during the entire cardiac surgical procedure are available. We therefore compared isoflurane-sufentanil vs propofol-sufentanil anaesthesia in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: One hundred patients ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >