Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1517
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Fujii Yoshitaka - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pain on injection is a recognized adverse event (AE) of propofol administration for the induction of general anesthesia. Preceded by venous occlusion, flurbiprofen axetil, a prodrug of the NSAID flurbiprofen, has been associated with a reduction in pain induced by propofol injection. A review of the literature determined that ...
Dahaba Ashraf A - - 2006
Patients undergoing potentially painful interventional radiological procedures generally require a combination of analgesia and sedation. This sedation/analgesia should allow the patient to communicate while also remaining calm. Bispectral index (BIS) monitoring could be useful in achieving this. The primary end-point of our study was to compare the percentage time with ...
P Sajedi; Dep. of ...
BACKGROUND: In this study we compared the sedative and amnesic effects of propofol with midazolam in cystoscopy examination. METHODS: This prospective clinical trial was done on 44 adults, with American Society of Anesthesiology physical status I, II, III, who were candidate for cystoscopic examination. Patients were recruited according to convenience ...
Lison Susanne - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of fast-track cardiac anesthesia with remifentanil (group R) versus sufentanil (group S). DESIGN: Prospective, single-blinded, randomized study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred twenty patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery and/or cardiac valve surgery. INTERVENTIONS: After ...
Yörükoğlu Dilek - - 2006
The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of coughing and breath holding in patients undergoing lumbar surgery extubated in prone position, supine position, or supine position with intravenous lidocaine before extubation. About 105 ASA I to II patients undergoing lumbar surgery were extubated in prone position in ...
Hodgson David S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To test a novel inhaler for administering isoflurane (ISO) anesthesia to piglets during castration and other surgical procedures of short duration. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. Animals Fifty-seven male piglets aged 6-10 days, body weight 1.1-3.5 kg. METHODS: An inhaler was developed which consisted of a mask, center body ...
Mayfield James B - - 2006
There is much more to study and learn about prevention of anesthesia complications and how technology may improve the safety and outcome of anesthesia. Large trials have never shown that a specific hemodynamic monitoring technique improves outcome. In controlled situations, oximetry and capnography have demonstrated efficacy in early detection of ...
Leslie K - - 2006
Colonoscopy may be associated with hypotension during sedation leading to postoperative morbidity. However, no treatment is proven to ameliorate intraoperative hypotension for this procedure. We therefore conducted a randomized trial to determine the effect of intravenous fluid infusion on the incidence of hypotension during sedation for colonoscopy. With institutional approval, ...
Liu N - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility of propofol infusion by a closed-loop system for the titration of anaesthetic induction guided by Bispectral Index. METHODS: Forty patients were prospectively and randomly allocated into two groups: the target control infusion (TCI) group, where propofol titration was performed manually guided ...
Seitsonen Elina R J - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the recovery of gynecological day-case patients is equally fast after isoflurane and sevoflurane anesthesia, when administration of the inhaled agent is adjusted by monitoring the bispectral index (BIS). DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled, single-blinded clinical study. SETTING: University-affiliated women's hospital. PATIENTS: 120 adult female ...
Su Hao-Po - - 2006
We evaluated paravertebral transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) as a means of enhancing anesthesia during hysterectomy. Patients were randomly assigned to experimental (n = 21) and control (n = 20) groups. Anesthesia with isoflurane was performed uniformly for all patients. Paravertebral (T6 and T7) TENS (50 mA, 15 Hz, continuously) ...
Saricaoğlu Fatma - - 2006
Renal insufficiency after cardiac surgery is associated with increased mortality, morbidity, and length of stay in the intensive care unit. We investigated the effect of isoflurane, halothane, sevoflurane and propofol anesthesia on perioperative renal function following elective coronary artery surgery. The medical records of 224 patients, in the Hacettepe University ...
Naudi A Busuttil - - 2006
AIM: To report on the characteristics, treatment, attendance, scheduling and duration of treatment sessions of child patients attending a specialist paediatric dental hospital service for inhalation sedation. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out of all 88 patient case notes of inhalation sedation recipients between September 2004 and March 2005. ...
Snir M - - 2007
AIMS: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of propofol sedation combined with sub-Tenon's anaesthesia for strabismus surgery in adults. METHODS: Thirty-two consecutive patients aged 31-85 years underwent strabismus surgery under general (n=16) or local (n=16) anaesthesia. In the local anaesthesia (study) group, sedation was induced with a loading dose of ...
Dunn Warren R - - 2006
PURPOSE: Knee arthroscopy is the most common orthopaedic procedure performed in the United States, and there are few randomized studies comparing local anesthesia, in conjunction with propofol, with regional anesthesia for knee arthroscopy. The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that patients receiving local anesthesia combined with ...
Randel, Gail I.
The goals of this study are to observe prospectively the perioperative recovery characteristics associated with general anaesthesia (GA), spinal anaesthesia (SAB), and epidural anaesthesia (EPID) in 200 patients scheduled for outpatient knee arthroscopy. Patients were observed from the time they entered the recovery room until they were discharged. Patients were ...
Djian Marie-Christine - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Anesthetics with a short context-sensitive half-time (ie, the time required for the effect-site concentration of an IV drug to decrease by 50% at steady state), such as the opioids remifentanil and sufentanil, are suitable for anesthesia when early neurologic assessment is desired to detect postoperative complications. OBJECTIVE: This study ...
Parlak Mine - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardioversion (CV), a painful procedure, requires sedation and analgesia. Although several sedation agents currently are in use for CV, data on age-specific efficacy and side effects of midazolam and propofol have been limited. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and side effects of midazolam and propofol in patients of two ...
Karabas Levent V - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of topical anesthesia with sedation using intranasal midazolam in patients with symptomatic congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction undergoing probing. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, probing was performed with general anesthesia (30 cases) and with topical anesthesia using intranasal midazolam (0.3 mg/kg; 44 cases) in ...
Sheen Michael J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Anesthetic techniques may influence the perioperative cytokine response. We investigate two anesthetic techniques: minimal low-flow anesthesia (LFA) and semi-closed high flow anesthesia (HFA) with desflurane on the effect of cytokine response in gastrectomy. METHODS: Forty patients scheduled to undergo elective gastrectomy were randomly allocated to LFA (0.3 mL/min) or ...
Tobias-Machado M - - 2006
PURPOSE: To make an objective controlled comparison of pain tolerance in transrectal ultrasound-guided prostatic biopsy using intrarectal topic anesthesia, injectable periprostatic anesthesia, or low-dose intravenous sedation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and sixty patients were randomized into 4 groups: group I, intrarectal application of 2% lidocaine gel; group II, periprostatic ...
Zafar Saeed U - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Anaesthesia-Ready Time (ART) is the time taken by the anaesthetist to provide sufficient anaesthetic depth for start of surgery. Our aim was to set benchmark timings for ART and compare it with our current practice. METHODS: Benchmark ART time of 15 minutes was set for American Society of Anesthesiologists ...
Stonell C A - - 2006
Patient-controlled sedation (PCS) allows patients to match their sedation requirement to perceived discomfort. The significant delay in onset of sedation may be overcome with effect-site steered target controlled infusion, but previously only trials in volunteers have been carried out. We therefore conducted a randomised, double-blind controlled trial comparing effect-site steered ...
Heinz P - - 2006
To compare atropine with placebo as an adjunct to ketamine sedation in children undergoing minor painful procedures. Outcome measures included hypersalivation, side effect profile, parental/patient satisfaction, and procedural success rate. Children aged between 1 and 16 years of age requiring ketamine procedural sedation in a tertiary emergency department were randomised ...
Heistein Lisa C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The physiologic responses to chloral hydrate sedation in the setting of a pediatric echocardiography laboratory have not been well documented; neither has the population at risk been identified adequately. The purpose of this study was to describe the physiologic responses to chloral hydrate sedation, to report the occurrence of ...
Jacoby Jeanne - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study is to compare the intubation success rates of etomidate and midazolam when used for sedative-facilitated intubation, without paralytics, in out-of-hospital adult patients. METHODS: This prospective, double-blind, randomized trial was conducted with 2 ground out-of-hospital advanced life support systems (ALS); all patients aged ...
Ozturk Ozcan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of sevoflurane and TIVA with propofol on middle ear pressure and to show the importance of anesthesia without using any inhalational agents during middle ear surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, randomized controlled clinical study. METHODS: In this study, 25 male children that were scheduled for ...
Chari Pramila - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare laryngeal mask airway (LMA) insertion conditions using a combination of butorphanol and thiopentone vs fentanyl and thiopentone. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, and double-blind study. SETTING: Operating theater. PATIENTS: One hundred four females, with American Society of Anesthesiologists grades I and II, diagnosed with carcinoma cervix scheduled for ...
Beems Tjemme - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To improve the technique of placement of large plate electrodes for spinal cord stimulation with a minimally invasive approach using the METRx tubular retractor system (Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Minneapolis, MN). This dilating system splits the paravertebral musculature, avoiding the need to strip these muscles from the spine. The technique ...
Gunduz M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to investigate whether the addition of tramadol or lidocaine to ketamine would enhance the quality of intra- and postoperative analgesia for hypospadias surgery in children. METHODS: Sixty-two ASA PS I or II children, between 1 and 10 years of age, scheduled for hypospadias surgery were ...
Schreiber J-U - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Data from several studies implicate that pre-treatment with non-selective cyclooxygenase inhibitors such as aspirin or diclofenac may decrease the incidence of postoperative succinycholine-related myalgia. We tested the influence of a preoperatively administered selective cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor, parecoxib, on postoperative myalgia. METHODS: After Ethics Committee approval, 68 patients ...
Luginbühl M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hypnotic depth but not haemodynamic response to painful stimulation can be measured with various EEG-based anaesthesia monitors. We evaluated the variation of pulse plethysmography amplitude induced by an electrical tetanic stimulus (PPG variation) as a potential measure for analgesia and predictor of haemodynamic responsiveness during general anaesthesia. METHODS: Ninety-five ...
Shirakami Gotaro - - 2006
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to investigate the effect of omission of fentanyl during sevoflurane anesthesia on the incidences of postoperative nausea and vomiting and on postanesthesia recovery in female patients undergoing major breast cancer surgery. METHODS: Female patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists [ASA] physical status [PS] class I-II; age, 28-84 ...
Chiu Wen-Ta - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The present study was a multicenter, retrospective study which aimed to evaluate the efficacy of propofol, a new choice of pharmacotherapy in head-injured patients. METHODS: Head-injured patients admitted to 3 hospitals during the period from January 2003 to December 2004 were included in this clinical trial. Data on patients' ...
Gorchynski Julie - - 2006
Three of the most commonly used agents for conscious sedation in the Emergency Department (ED) are ketamine, fentanyl/versed, and propofol. In this study, we measured and compared the total times spent in the ED with each of these agents. Our objective was to determine whether the use of propofol for ...
Yiannakopoulos Christos K - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficiency of transdermal anaesthesia using eutectic mixture of lidocaine and prilocaine (EMLA) in patients undergoing percutaneous trigger finger release and to compare it with lidocaine infiltration. In this prospective, randomised study percutaneous release of the A1 annular pulley was ...
Felfernig Michael - - 2006
Ketamine is a strong acting analgesic drug, used mainly in trauma and emergency medicine settings, as well as for minor procedures. Its pharmacological properties make it a useful drug for military anaesthesia. Ketamine acts by blocking activation of the spinal and supraspinal NMDA-type glutamate and opioid receptors. It produces dissociative ...
Boztuğ Neval - - 2006
One of the aims of neuroanesthesia is to provide early postoperative recovery and neurologic examination in patients undergoing supratentorial surgery. Our aim was to investigate the role of using the bispectral index (BIS) in recovery from anesthesia and altering drug administration in patients undergoing craniotomy. Fifty American Society of Anesthesiologists' ...
Takekawa Kimiko - - 2006
We investigated whether intravenous lidocaine prior to endotracheal intubation influences the postoperative airway symptoms of sore throat, cough, and sputum. After ethics committee approval, 80 patients undergoing elective operations were studied. A total of 20 patients were given lidocaine 1.0 mg.kg(-1) (group L1), 20 patients were given lidocaine 1.5 mg.kg(-1) ...
White Paul F - - 2006
Cerebral monitoring indices are associated with a large degree of inter-patient variability and electrical signal interference during surgery. We designed this clinical study to test the hypothesis that use of the spectral entropy (Entropy) module is associated with less frequent intraoperative interference with the displayed indices than the bispectral index ...
Kocamanoglu Ismail Serhat - - 2006
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study is to compare the effects of lidocaine and methylprednisolone on postoperative respiratory complications caused by short-term laryngeal surgery by way of rigid laryngoscope under general anesthesia. The effects of these drugs on recovery from anesthesia are also compared. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred American Society ...
Huettemann Egbert - - 2006
PURPOSE: Patients with severe brain injury often require long-term sedation and have a high incidence of nosocomial infections, causing an increased mortality rate. However, whether anesthetic drugs might contribute to immunosuppressive effects remains unclear. METHODS: In this prospective study, we investigated the effects of propofol (4-6 mg x kg(-1) x ...
Cilla Irene - - 2006
The effect of storage on dry-cured ham quality was studied. Sixteen vacuum-packaged boneless dry-cured hams and sixteen vacuum-packaged dry-cured ham cuts were stored in darkness under refrigeration (4±2°C; 8 months) or freezing (-18±1°C; 24 months), respectively. Instrumental colour and texture, physico-chemical and biochemical parameters, sensory profile and consumer acceptability and ...
Ward Barnaby - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the magnitude of subjective cognitive failure in the three days following general anesthesia (GA) for ambulatory surgery. METHODS: After Research Ethics Board approval, 258 patients undergoing general anesthesia (GA) and 250 patients scheduled for local anesthesia (LA) were recruited from our ambulatory surgical unit. Following the method ...
Ersin Nazan Kocatas - - 2005
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to compare the postoperative morbidities for 24 hours following dental care under day-stay general anesthesia using sevoflurane or halothane in intellectually disabled children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-six premedicated patients with intellectual disabilities underwent general anesthesia for their dental treatment. They were randomly given ...
Frymann S J - - 2005
This prospective observational study aimed to determine the rate of success of reduction of dislocated hip prostheses using conscious sedation. In 101 consecutive patients presenting to the emergency department between August 2000 and February 2003 with a dislocated hip prosthesis, reduction was attempted using conscious sedation. The outcome measures of ...
Bilò M B - - 2005
We describe a case of intraoperative gelatine-induced anaphylaxis whose diagnosis was delayed as the use of gelatine during surgical procedures was omitted for two times in patient's medical records. The subject is a 66-year old woman, with a negative medical history of atopy, food and drug allergy, with arterial hypertension ...
Coburn M - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess postoperative patients' self-evaluation after xenon anaesthesia compared to total intravenous anaesthesia with propofol. METHODS: 160 patients aged 18-60 yr, ASA I-II undergoing elective surgery took part in this randomised-controlled trial. After approval by the local Ethics Committee and as ...
Souron V - - 2005
The aim of this study was to assess target-controlled propofol infusion as a technique of sedation for shoulder surgery under interscalene brachial plexus block in the sitting position and to evaluate the effect of sedation on hypotensive/bradycardic events during this procedure. One hundred and forty patients undergoing elective shoulder surgery ...
Pandharipande P - - 2005
While most patients recover uneventfully from the effects of anesthesia and surgery, for a small percentage of patients the immediate postoperative period can be a period of significant physiological stress. Hence the goal for a Post Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU) is to provide a safe environment for a patient to ...
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