Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1530
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Yoshida Harushi - - 2007
The gag reflex is a somatic natural response in which the body attempts to eliminate instruments or agents from the oral cavity by muscle contraction. Some patients suffered from such severe retching that behavioral techniques did not sufficiently reduce gagging in dentistry. In these patients, pharmacological management was thought to ...
Hohlrieder M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The effects of total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) and balanced anaesthesia (BAL) on coughing during emergence from the general anaesthesia have not yet been compared. METHODS: Fifty patients, aged 18-60 yr, undergoing elective lumbar disk surgery were randomly allocated to undergo TIVA (propofol-remifentanil) or BAL (fentanyl-nitrous oxide-sevoflurane). Extubation was performed ...
Hakl M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the failure rates and the frequency of anaesthesia-related complications of two different methods of regional anaesthesia used for carotid endarterectomy--cervical epidural (CE) anaesthesia and cervical plexus block (CPB). METHODS: The study included 1828 carotid endarterectomies performed in 1455 patients between ...
Zand F - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The Laryngeal Tube Sonda (LTS) and the ProSeal Laryngeal Mask Airway (PLMA) are two new devices introduced for maintaining the airway during controlled ventilation under general anaesthesia. The present investigation compared their performance in a randomized controlled study. METHODS: One hundred ASA I-II patients, aged 18-60 yr ...
De Baerdemaeker L E C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Choice of opioid may influence postoperative pain, recovery, and respiratory homeostasis in morbid obesity. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of target-controlled infusions (TCIs) of remifentanil or sufentanil on postoperative analgesia, recovery, and pulmonary function after laparoscopic gastric banding. METHODS: Forty morbidly obese patients undergoing ...
Turgut Namigar - - 2007
We tested the hypothesis that 5 cm H2O of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) reduces the incidence of pneumocephalus in patients who undergo spinal intradural tumor surgery. Fifty-three ASA I to III patients who underwent thoracolumbar intradural tumor surgery between the years 2003 and 2006 were included in this study. All ...
Ezri Tiberiu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Selective breeding produces animal strains with varying anesthetic sensitivity. It thus seems unlikely that various human ethnicities have identical anesthetic requirements. Therefore, the authors tested the hypothesis that the minimum alveolar concentration of sevoflurane differs significantly as a function of ethnicity. METHODS: The authors recruited 90 American Society of ...
Dunn Tamsin - - 2007
To observe procedural sedation practice within a district general hospital emergency department (ED) that uses propofol for procedural sedation. Prospective observation of procedural sedation over an 11 month period. Patients over 16 years of age requiring procedural sedation and able to give informed consent were recruited. The choice of sedation ...
Rodanant Oraluxna O Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Rama IV Rd. Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand. - - 2007
The study was part of the Thai Anesthesia Incidents Study (THAI Study), a multi-centered study conducted by the Royal College of Anesthesiologists of Thailand, aiming to survey anesthetic related complications in Thailand. Identify the incidence and factors related to perioperative death in geriatric patients. During a 12 months period (March ...
Combes X - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Muscle relaxants facilitate tracheal intubation, but they are often not used for short peripheral surgical procedures. The consequences of this practice on the upper airway are still a matter of controversy. We therefore compared the incidence of post-intubation symptoms in a randomized study comparing patients intubated with or without ...
Oh A Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The oculocardiac reflex (OCR) is frequently observed during strabismus surgery. This study was designed to evaluate and compare the effect of sevoflurane and desflurane on the incidence of OCR. METHODS: After obtaining Institutional Review Board approval and informed consent from parents, we enrolled 237 paediatric patients, aged 2-10 yr, ...
Ghori Kamran A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Midazolam and propofol are sedative agents commonly administered to patients with brain injury. We compared plasma concentrations of glial cell S100beta protein and nitric oxide (NO) between patients who received midazolam and those who received propofol sedation after severe brain injury, and investigated the association between S100beta and NO ...
Manolaraki Maria M - - 2008
PURPOSE: The objective of our study was to compare the safety and efficacy of remifentanil during colonoscopy with those of the standard combination of midazolam and pethidine. METHODS: One-hundred and sixteen consecutive patients scheduled for colonoscopy were randomly assigned to groups A or B. Patients in group A (n = ...
Sipe Brian W - - 2007
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Propofol has been shown to be an effective method for endoscopic sedation but there are few studies of low-dose propofol protocols for gastrointestinal endoscopy. METHODS: One hundred patients (American Society of Anesthesiology classes I-III) undergoing outpatient colonoscopy were enrolled prospectively in a multidrug propofol regimen that consisted ...
Yildirim Vedat - - 2007
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs in up to 50% of cardiac surgery patients and represents the most common postoperative arrhythmic complication. Elective cardioversion, a short but painful procedure, remains an option for patients who do not convert to sinus rhythm with medical therapy. Combinations of remifentanil (a potent analgesic with ...
Simin Atashkhoii, Sedige Abdollahi, ...
Background: The quality of intraoperative analgesia with paracervical block (PCB) during egg collection in in-vitro fertilization (IVF) is still unclear. Objective: This study performed to compare the pain levels during egg collection and the subsequent intra and postoperative side effects in patients receiving a conscious sedation with and without paracervical ...
Lyon F - - 2008
AIMS: To report the use of ketamine sedation as an alternative anaesthetic method for babies undergoing treatment for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: All babies who underwent treatment for ROP over a 2-year period were included in this study. The babies preoperative weight, medical condition, and ventilation status was recorded. ...
Kantovitz Kamila R - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose was to evaluate two sedation protocols during dental sessions in anxious children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a randomized and double-blind study, with each individual being his/her own control within each protocol. Furthermore, the two protocols were compared. Twenty children (36 to 84 months old) who exhibited ...
Delphin Ellise - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether sevoflurane, because of its lower blood/gas partition coefficient, compared with isoflurane as the primary anesthetic agent, allows earlier tracheal extubation and assessment of cognitive function after off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. DESIGN: Prospectively, patients were randomly assigned to receive sevoflurane or isoflurane as their primary ...
Saito Yutaka - - 2007
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is accepted as one of the treatments for en bloc resection of large superficial colorectal lesions. This procedure is performed by using air insufflation, is time consuming, and is associated with severe abdominal discomfort. The safety and efficacy of carbon dioxide (CO(2)) insufflation during colonoscopy already ...
Gokce Biricik M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare hemodynamics, recovery profiles, postoperative side effects and costs of desflurane-remifentanil and propofol-remifentanil anesthesia for septorhinoplasty operations. METHODS: A prospective and randomized study was carried out at the Gazi University Hospital, Ankara, Turkey from April to September 2003. Forty patients undergoing septorhinoplasty operations were randomly allocated to receive ...
Cizmeci Pelin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The current study was designed to assess the effect of magnesium sulphate infusion on hemodynamic parameters, neuromuscular blocking, propofol consumption, serum concentration of magnesium ions, and recovery from anesthesia during total intravenous anesthesia. METHODS: For this study, 60 patients undergoing septorhinoplasty operations were randomly allocated to receive magnesium sulphate ...
Gilchrist Fiona - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the 8-h time-weighted average (8-h TWA) exposure to nitrous oxide of dentists working in a paediatric dental unit, and to relate this to various operator, patient and environmental factors. METHODS: This prospective, open-label study monitored nitrous oxide levels using either a ...
Huiku M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Inadequate analgesia during general anaesthesia may present as undesirable haemodynamic responses. No objective measures of the adequacy of analgesia exist. We aimed at developing a simple numerical measure of the level of surgical stress in an anaesthetized patient. METHODS: Sixty and 12 female patients were included in the development ...
Gupta Deepak Kumar - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Complete removal of a brain tumor without inflicting neurological deficits is a desirable end result in neurosurgical practice. Currently no prospective randomized surgical series in the literature exists comparing tumor resection under general versus local anesthesia awake surgery may achieve more aggressive tumor resection and minimize postoperative neurological morbidity. ...
Pollard Richard J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative awareness in patients undergoing general anesthesia is an infrequent but well-described adverse outcome. The reported incidence of this phenomenon is between 0.1% and 0.9%. METHODS: With institutional review board approval, the authors reviewed continuous quality improvement data from 3 yr (2002-2004) at the locations where the physician group ...
Nishikawa Kohki - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare operating conditions, intraoperative adverse events, recovery profiles, postoperative adverse effects, patient satisfaction, and costs of small-dose lidocaine spinal anesthesia with those of general anesthesia using fentanyl and propofol for elderly outpatient prostate biopsy. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blind study. SETTING: Outpatient anesthesia unit at a municipal hospital. ...
Julliac Benjamin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective study was to determine the risk factors of epileptiform discharge during induction with sevoflurane in healthy adult patients. METHODS: Forty adult patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I were randomly allocated to one of four groups. Group A: Patients breathed 8% sevoflurane ...
Kazemi Asif A Dept. of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. - - 2007
Tracheal intubation for general anesthesia often leads to traumatization of the airway mucosa resulting in postoperative sore throat, hoarseness and cough. This study was undertaken to determine the effects of betamethasone gel in reducing these complications. One hundred patients (ASA I-II) to undergo endotracheal intubation, were randomly divided equally into ...
Lehmann A - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to compare bispectral index, state entropy and response entropy in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: In 66 patients, anaesthesia was maintained at two different levels using bispectral index. Doses of sufentanil and midazolam were adjusted to achieve a bispectral index in ...
Mahajan V A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Delayed recovery of cognitive function is a well-recognized phenomenon in older patients. The potential for the volatile anaesthetic used to contribute to alterations in postoperative cognitive function in older patients following minor surgical procedures has not been determined. We compared emergence from isoflurane and sevoflurane anaesthesia in older surgical ...
Venkatesh B G - - 2007
Maintenance of anaesthesia with volatile anaesthetic agents affects the perioperative course of patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. This facilitates adequate depth of anaesthesia, reduction in need of analgesic dosage, early extubation and transfer from Intensive Care Unit. We compared two volatile anaesthetic agents sevoflurane and isoflurane in ...
Serita Ryohei - - 2007
The purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4)) on the neuromuscular function and spontaneous breathing of patients under sevoflurane and spinal anesthesia. Twenty-two patients with a history of arrhythmia undergoing elective knee surgery were randomly assigned to two groups: group M (n = ...
Hwang Chang Ho - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of pre-emptive swallowing stimulation on the recovery of swallowing function in long-term intubated patients. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: Patients in the intensive care unit intubated for at least 48 hours due to respiratory distress from March to August 2004 were randomly divided into two groups. Fifteen ...
Kanbak Meral - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Inhalation anesthetics such as isoflurane, sevoflurane, and desflurane are widely used in clinical practice; however, there is no study for comparing these drugs in cardiac surgery with respect to postoperative cognitive outcome and S100 beta protein (S100 BP) levels. In this study, we evaluated the effect of sevoflurane, isoflurane, ...
El-Radaideh Khaled M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the conditions for laryngeal tube airway insertion obtained by the inhalation of 8% sevoflurane using a vital capacity breath (VCB) technique with propofol intravenous induction. METHODS: We carried out a prospective, randomized, single blind study at King Abdullah University Hospital, Irbid, Jordan from September 2005 to April ...
Weksler N - - 2007
AIM: The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is used worldwide during general anesthesia with controlled or spontaneous breathing. Normally its use is limited to patients undergoing surgery in the supine but not the prone position. METHODS: A prospective study of 50 consecutive ASA 1 and 2 patients who underwent ambulatory surgery ...
Messieha Zakaria - - 2007
We assessed the safety of general anesthesia for dental treatment of special needs patients as it related to American Society of Anesthesiology Physical Status (ASAPS) classification, procedure, and other factors. After Institutional Review Board review and approval, special needs patients who were admitted to the outpatient surgical operating room for ...
Davison M - - 2007
Local anaesthesia for cataract surgery can be provided by either sub-Tenon or topical anaesthesia. Although there is some work suggesting advantages to both techniques, there has been no recent systematic attempt to compare both techniques for all relevant outcomes. To compare the effectiveness of topical anaesthesia (with or without the ...
Ikedo Fabio - - 2007
During general anesthesia the possibility of subconscious perception of intraoperative events is a controversial subject. Some studies found that positive verbal suggestions, or music improved intraoperative relaxation and postoperative recovery. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effect of prayer and relaxation technique applied while patients are ...
Soares Flavio - - 2006
The aim of this study was to describe an interdisciplinary approach for endodontic therapy of behavior-challenging children and to report the efficacy of sedation techniques for these procedures. Sedation records of thirty-two patients who received root canal treatment were reviewed. Age at treatment in months, gender, year of treatment, tooth ...
Maddali Madan Mohan - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare three anesthetic strategies with respect to the time of extubation after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and to assess patient satisfaction with the procedure. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, clinical study. SETTING: Tertiary-care referral center. PARTICIPANTS: 180 cardiac surgical patients undergoing primary CABG from January through June ...
Kuo Chang-Po - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The A-line ARX Index (AAI) has been used as an indicator of depth of anesthesia. The study examined whether AAI-guided endotracheal intubation (EI), compared with experience guidance, could provide better hemodynamic stability during general anesthesia (GA). METHODS: One hundred and four patients were included in this study. In the ...
Dong Quan-ling - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of general anaesthesia with combination of acupuncture [conducted with Han's acupoint nerve stimulator (HANS) applied] and enflurane in radical operation of laryngocarcinoma (LC). METHODS: Sixty patients with LC of grade I - II , classified according to the standard of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), ...
Haveran Liam A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Harmonic Scalpel(R) hemorrhoidectomy (HSH) is an established surgical therapy for the treatment of symptomatic grade III and IV hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoid surgery is still being performed as an inpatient procedure with general or regional anesthesia in many centers today. There was a trend toward performing hemorrhoid surgery as an ambulatory ...
Segal J L - - 2007
The purpose of this study is to compare the feasibility of local anesthesia with IV sedation versus general anesthesia for vaginal correction of pelvic organ prolapse. Patients with pelvic organ prolapse who were scheduled for an anterior or posterior colporrhaphy, or an obliterative procedure, and who did not have a ...
Conigliaro R - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Following publication in 2000 of the Italian Guidelines for Sedation in Digestive Endoscopy, the authors carried out a dissemination program and an audit of the impact of the Guidelines in clinical practice. The primary aim was to evaluate any changes in sedation methods at the start ...
Park Chang-Hwan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Small-caliber upper endoscopes can be used safely and effectively for sedation-free colonoscopy. The objective of the study is to assess the efficacy of a small-caliber upper endoscope (9.2 mm) comparing with a standard colonoscope (12.2 mm). METHODS: In a prospective trial, patients undergoing sedation-free colonoscopy were randomly assigned to ...
Sivan Yakov - - 2006
RATIONALE: Fiberoptic flexible laryngoscopy (FFL) is the diagnostic procedure of choice in patients with laryngomalacia. Two techniques can be applied, either when the infant is awake or using anesthesia/sedation. The choice of technique may effect the diagnosis. STUDY OBJECTIVES: To compare the two techniques for diagnosing laryngomalacia. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: ...
Willman Elaine Victoria - - 2007
We evaluate the effectiveness and consider the safety of intravenous ketamine/propofol combination ("ketofol") in the same syringe for procedural sedation and analgesia in the emergency department (ED). A prospective case series of consecutive ketofol procedural sedation and analgesia events in the ED of a trauma-receiving community teaching hospital from July ...
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