Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 4700
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Morton Ryan - - 2012
: A paucity of patients with ruptured basilar apex aneurysms have been analyzed with long-term clinical results. : Sixty-one consecutive ruptured basilar apex aneurysms from 2005 to 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. A team-oriented approach was used to decide treatment. Clipping was typically used in younger patients, those with a complex ...
Mohammadi Alireza Mohammad - - 2012
: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is relatively frequent in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients and procedural treatments are less effective than when used for classical TN. Outcomes from direct comparisons between different procedures for MS-related TN is lacking. In this study, initial pain-free rates (IPFR), duration of pain-free intervals (PFI) and associated ...
Stefanovic Vedran - - 2012
Objective. To analyse the effectiveness of intravenous sulprostone infusion for the treatment of retained placenta without massive primary hemorrhage among patients at a university hospital over a three-year period. Design. Retrospective observational study. Setting. University teaching hospital. Population. 126 consecutive women with placental retention and intravenous sulprostone infusion as primary ...
Düzgün Irem - - 2012
This study aims to compare the efficacy of manual therapy in the frozen shoulder patients with or without diabetes mellitus. Between May 2006 and January 2008, 50 patients (10 males, 40 females; mean age 52±10 years; range 40 to 65 years) orthopedic surgeons referred to the Sports Physiotherapy Unit were ...
Thaci Bart - - 2012
: Patient-filled questionnaires, such as Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) or Neck Disability Index (NDI) have become the mainstay in the evaluation of treatment outcomes in degenerative spine disease (DSD), replacing result-reporting by surgeons. In this study we set to compare patients' and surgeons' assessment of spine treatment outcome in a ...
Slottosch Ingo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We assessed the short-term outcomes and predictors of 30-d mortality in patients requiring temporary, peripheral extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for postcardiotomy cardiac failure. METHODS: The data were retrospectively obtained using our institutional patient database. All patients who had received peripheral ECMO support after surgery for acquired heart disease from ...
Wang Jin-Hu - - 2012
The management of the contralateral asymptomatic side when a child with initial unilateral inguinal hernia undergoes herniorrhaphy continues to be controversial. Age less than 6 months at initial herniorrhaphy is considered as a high risk factor of the occurrence of metachronous contralateral inguinal hernia (MCIH). We performed herniorraphy for patients ...
Oliveira Rosmari A R A - - 2012
Evaluate the Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) at discharge (GOS-HD) as a prognostic indicator in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Retrospective data were collected of 45 patients, with Glasgow coma scale <8, age 25±10 years, 36 men, from medical records. Later, at home visit, two measures were scored: GOS-HD (according ...
Mistry Rajesh C - - 2012
HYPOTHESIS Controversy exists over the need for prolonged nasogastric decompression after esophagectomy. We hypothesized that early removal of the nasogastric tube would not adversely affect major pulmonary complications and anastomotic leak rates. DESIGN Single-center, parallel-group, open-label, randomized (1:1) trial. SETTING A tertiary referral cancer center with high esophagectomy volume. PATIENTS ...
Eisner Mark D - - 2012
Background. Asthma guidelines emphasize the importance of achieving and maintaining asthma control; however, many patients with moderate to severe asthma fail to achieve adequate control. Objective. This 2-year interim analysis evaluated the longitudinal effects of omalizumab on asthma control in patients treated in real-world clinical practice settings. Methods. EXCELS is ...
Connolly M P - - 2012
Background: In this study we investigate the costs and benefits of topical mesalazine combined with oral mesalazine therapy for active ulcerative colitis (UC), and once daily (OD ) mesalazine 2 grams versus twice daily (BID ) for maintaining UC remission. Methods: Two decision analytic models were constructed to evaluate treatment ...
Ortiz Héctor - - 2012
: Sacral nerve stimulation has been reported as an effective treatment for constipation. : This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of permanent sacral nerve stimulation on the treatment of idiopathic constipation resistant to medical and behavioral management over a median follow-up period of 25.6 (range, 6-96) months. : ...
Dudley Roy W R - - 2012
: In spastic cerebral palsy (CP), damage to the immature brain is non-progressive, but the clinical expression of the disorder changes over time along with the growth and development of the child. Large-scale, population based studies describing the natural history of gross motor development in spastic CP have indicated that ...
Hitchon Patrick W - - 2012
: Choosing the optimal treatment modality for refractory trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is multifactorial, and has not been well defined in the literature. In this review we specifically explore the role of three factors in determining the treatment modality: age, recurrence rate, and cost. : Retrospective chart review of patients who ...
Melton J T K - - 2012
A consecutive series of patients with a hydroxyapatite-coated uncemented total knee replacement (TKR) performed by a single surgeon between 1992 and 1995 was analysed. All patients were invited for clinical review and radiological assessment. Revision for aseptic loosening was the primary outcome. Assessment was based on the Knee Society clinical ...
Lucas Donald J - - 2012
Retrievable IVC filters (R-IVCF) are associated with multiple complications, including filter migration and deep venous thrombosis. Unfortunately, most series of R-IVCF show low retrieval rates, often due to loss to follow-up. This study demonstrates that actively tracking R-IVCF improves retrieval. Trauma patients at one institution with R-IVCF placed between January ...
Mundis Gregory - - 2012
: This study analyzes the prevalence and risk factors for the development of PJK following lumbar PSO. The hypothesis was that PJK would develop early in the postoperative period at high rates in this population undergoing dramatic sagittal plane realignment, and that risk factors based on baseline and follow-up radiographs ...
Patil Arun-Angelo - - 2012
: The conventional procedure of hippocampectomy can impair memory. Furthermore, the hippocampus is the main source of stem cells. On the other hand, multiple hippocampal transection (MHT) can disrupt seizure circuits without loss of function or stem cells. In this presentation therefore, the authors will present long term outcomes in ...
Gourdine-Shaw Monique C - - 2012
Certain complex foot deformities can be corrected surgically with a U-osteotomy. This osteotomy is indicated for patients with a uniform deformity of the entire foot relative to the tibia, preexisting stiffness and/or fusion of the subtalar joint, and a pain-free ankle joint. The goal is to create a plantigrade foot ...
Choy-Shan Alana - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of rosiglitazone on survival in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and coronary artery disease (CAD). We carried out a drug-exposure analysis in 801 patients with DM and CAD in a cardiac catheterization laboratory registry (490 patients treated with a percutaneous ...
Chalouhi Nohra - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is relatively uncommon in young adults. There is a paucity of data pertaining to the management of aneurysmal SAH in young patients, especially with endovascular therapy. METHODS: We reviewed all SAH patients under the age of 35 years treated at Jefferson Hospital for Neuroscience, Philadelphia, ...
Choi Wilson W - - 2012
A sutureless ward reduction (SWR) protocol was implemented in the neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary level hospital in 1999. Although the short-term outcomes associated with SWR have been documented, the long-term outcomes are unknown. Retrospective data were collected from the medical records of all neonates with gastroschisis from ...
Charalambous Charalambos P - - 2012
Early posttraumatic elbow contractures may be treated with a combination of manipulation with the patient under anesthesia followed by bracing.Extrinsic contractures of the elbow may be treated with open or arthroscopic release, whereas intrinsic and combined contractures may require tissue release as well as partial or total arthroplasty.
Maeng Michael - - 2012
This study sought to examine the 3-year clinical outcomes in patients treated with the Endeavor (Medtronic, Santa Rosa, California) zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES) or the Cypher (Cordis, Johnson & Johnson, Warren, New Jersey) sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) in routine clinical practice. The long-term clinical outcome in patients treated with ZES in comparison ...
Fehlings Michael G - - 2012
: While cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is the most common cause of spinal cord impairment worldwide, little is known regarding international variations in clinical presentation, management and outcomes of this condition. To address this key issue, we undertook a prospective multicenter study of CSM patients undergoing surgical treatment. : 486 ...
Brady Boyce Brenda A - - 2012
Background Nurses noted that the rate of phlebitis was high when intravenous amiodarone was infused via a peripheral site. Hospital policy recommends a central vascular catheter, but this method is often not feasible because the drug is administered in emergent situations for short periods. Objective To determine the rate and ...
Pinto Nigel - - 2012
Background: This study was designed to identify factors associated with return to work and quality of life in patients undergoing primary coronary artery bypass at age <50 years. Methods: 172 patients <50-years old underwent primary coronary artery bypass between January 2000 and December 2006. Predictors of return to work were ...
Seet Raymond C S - - 2012
Background: Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (SICH) is a devastating complication of intravenous thrombolysis treatment that is associated with high mortality. Clinical trials, stroke registries and cohort studies employ different case definitions to identify stroke patients with SICH following intravenous thrombolysis. We systematically reviewed the reported rates of SICH following intravenous thrombolysis ...
Forbes Jonathan - - 2012
: Dorsal root entry-zone (DREZ) lesioning is an important tool in the neurosurgeon's armamentarium for treatment of medically-refractory chronic pain syndromes associated with deafferentation of neurons located in the superficial Rexed layers of the spinal cord. The objective of this study was to retrospectively review the past 15 years of ...
Dyer Kenneth C - - 2012
Long-term changes in the dentitions of orthodontic patients have been studied. However, most studies in the literature report findings after only a few years posttreatment. In this study, we examined records an average of 24 years after active treatment. The purpose was to answer 2 questions: (1) does irregularity increase ...
Nordström Dan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of anakinra versus disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD) in refractory adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD). METHODS: In a 24-week study, 22 patients with AOSD taking prednisolone ≥ 10 mg/day received anakinra (n = 12) or DMARD (n = 10). The primary endpoint was achievement of remission. RESULTS: ...
Miller Ronald D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Blood hemoglobin (Hb) can be continuously monitored utilizing noninvasive spectrophotometric finger sensors (Masimo SpHb). SpHb is not a consistently accurate guide to transfusion decisions when compared with laboratory Co-Oximetry (tHb). We evaluated whether a finger digital nerve block (DNB) would increase perfusion and, thereby, improve the accuracy of SpHb. ...
Harwin Steven F - - 2012
Revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) is associated with greater blood loss than primary THA. Jehovah's Witnesses will not accept transfusions of blood or blood products and are thus at an increased risk for complications due to perioperative anemia. The purpose of this study was to report the clinical outcomes, radiographic ...
Yang Isaac - - 2012
: Vestibular schwannoma (VS) is a skull base tumor most commonly in the CP angle. Hearing loss commonly occurs in varying degrees as a result of VS and can have a significant and lasting impact on quality of life. In this study, we compare the long term clinical outcomes of ...
Torres Silvio - - 2012
Introduction. Magnesium sulfate is a calcium antagonist that inhibits bronchial smooth muscle contraction promoting bronchodilation. It is used for the management of acute severe asthma in children; however most of the studies have been performed in adults. Objective. To evaluate the effectiveness of intravenous magnesium sulfate for the treatment of ...
Kim Tae Young - - 2012
Background: The efficacy and proper doses of steroid pulse therapy in patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) have not been established. We therefore investigated the effects of methylprednisolone (MP) pulse therapy in patients with histologically active IgAN and established renal impairment at the time of treatment. Methods: We assessed 22 ...
Zhang Fan - - 2012
To assess the clinical and urodynamic results of sigmoidocolocystoplasty in patients with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. We retrospectively reviewed 78 augmentation enterocystoplasty cases in our database from 2005 to 2011 to identify 47 patients who had undergone sigmoidocolocystoplasty alone or combined with ureter reimplantation. The indications for surgery and postoperative complications ...
Al Asmari Abdulrahman K - - 2012
To study the clinical aspects and frequency of scorpion stings in Riyadh region of Saudi Arabia. Clinical aspects and frequency of scorpion sting cases reporting to 2 referral hospitals in the Riyadh region of Saudi Arabia were analyzed during May 2006 to April 2008. Data on demographic status, date and ...
Hörburger David - - 2012
Studies showing the effectiveness of therapeutic hypothermia (32-34°C) in postcardiac arrest patients have been criticized because of patients with elevated body temperature (>37.5°C) in the noncooled control group. Thus, the effects of spontaneous normothermia (<37.5°C) compared with mild therapeutic hypothermia were studied. Retrospective chart review from 1991 to 2010. Witnessed ...
Azizi Fereidoun - - 2012
There is no general agreement as to which treatment is best for hyperthyroidism. The objective of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of continuous methimazole (MMI) treatment and to compare the results of neuropsychological testing in patients receiving long-term continuous MMI to those on replacement thyroxine following radioiodine-induced (RAI) ...
Feldman Steven R - - 2012
Acne profoundly affects patients' lives, but the effect of treatment is not fully characterized. The purpose of this study was to explore patients' experiences and viewpoints regarding treatment for mild to moderate acne vulgaris. This was an open-label, single-center study of 30 patients with mild to moderate acne vulgaris, treated ...
Plotkin Scott R - - 2012
Early studies suggest that bevacizumab treatment can result in tumor shrinkage and hearing improvement for some patients with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2). The aim of this study was to report extended follow-up in a larger cohort of similarly treated patients. Retrospective study. Tertiary referral center Thirty-one consecutive NF2 patients who ...
Chastek Benjamin - - 2012
Treatment patterns, including persistence, gaps in therapy, switching, and discontinuation, were examined in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) who received the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-blockers etanercept or adalimumab. This retrospective study utilized administrative claims data from a United States commercial health plan. Adults (age 18-64 years) with PsA who started ...
Tonelli Francesco - - 2012
Various blockers of tumor necrosis factor-α are available for treatment of Crohn's disease. Randomized controlled trials have demonstrated the effects of systemic therapy with adalimumab, a fully humanized monoclonal antibody against tumor necrosis factor-α. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and safety of local injection of ...
Golfam M - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the incidence, time of onset, and extent of hemoglobin, testosterone, and erythropoietin changes in patients with localized prostate cancer receiving either radiation alone or radiation combined with total androgen blockade (tab). The study enrolled 35 patients (median age: 69 years) with ...
Kim Tae-Hun - - 2012
Prolonged usage of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) may induce multi-organ failure. This study is aimed to evaluate prognostic factors in the patients with ECMO. Also, the prognosis of ECMO with Kidney Injury Network Scoring system is studied. From May 2005 to July 2011, 172 cases of ECMO were performed. The ...
Pandya Amit G - - 2012
To determine the efficacy and safety of deferasirox (an oral iron-chelating agent approved to reduce iron stores in patients with chronic iron overload due to blood transfusions) in a pilot trial for the treatment of patients with porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT), the most common of the porphyrias and often difficult ...
Pérez-Legaz Juan - - 2012
Application of nitroglycerin (glyceryl trinitrate) ointment with perianal administration is a widely used treatment for chronic anal fissure. However, headache occurs after application in 20% to 70% patients and leads to withdrawal in 10% of patients. The aim of the study was to investigate whether endoanal application of the ointment ...
Cornely Oliver A - - 2012
Recurrence of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) occurs in approximately 25% of successfully treated patients. Two phase 3 randomized, double-blind trials were conducted at 154 sites in the United States, Canada, and Europe to compare fidaxomicin vs vancomycin in treating CDI. Patients with CDI received fidaxomicin 200 mg twice daily or ...
Louie Thomas J - - 2012
The microflora-sparing properties of fidaxomicin were examined during the conduct of a randomized clinical trial comparing vancomycin 125 mg 4 times per day versus fidaxomicin 200 mg twice per day for 10 days as treatment of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Fecal samples were obtained from 89 patients (45 received fidaxomicin, ...
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