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Results 451 - 500 of 4782
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Lalmohamed Arief - - 2012
BACKGROUND Limited evidence suggests that the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may be increased shortly after total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) surgery. However, risk of AMI in these patients has not been compared against matched controls who have not undergone surgery. The objective of this ...
Kimura Takeshi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Several recent randomized trials comparing everolimus-eluting stent (EES) and sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) reported similar outcomes. However, only one trial was powered for a clinical endpoint, and no trial was powered for evaluating target-lesion revascularization (TLR). METHODS AND RESULTS: Randomized Evaluation of Sirolimus-eluting versus Everolimus-eluting stent Trial is a prospective ...
Arslan Hakan - - 2012
The purpose of the present report is to evaluate the outcome of subacute and delayed period microsurgical reconstructions of traumatic extremity defects of the pediatric patients. Eighteen free tissue transfers had been performed in 18 patients. Patients ranged in age from 5 to 17 years of age and had a ...
El Hachioui Hanane - - 2012
Semantics, phonology, and syntax are essential elements of aphasia diagnosis and treatment. Until now, these linguistic components have not been specifically addressed in follow-up studies of aphasia recovery after stroke. The aim of this observational prospective follow-up study was to investigate semantic, phonological, and syntactic recovery in aphasic stroke patients. ...
Amini Fariborz - - 2012
Nickel constitutes about 8-60 % of orthodontic alloys. It is known as an allergenic/cytotoxic trace metal. Therefore, it should be investigated in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment which might last for 2 or 3 years. However, no controlled studies have assessed the influence of orthodontic treatments of longer than 5 months on its systemic ...
Rakusa M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a dipstick algorithm for urinary tract colonisation, prior to high-dose corticosteroid treatment in acute relapses of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Prospective cohort study of 267 consecutive patients with MS relapses requiring corticosteroid treatment in a hospital-based, ambulatory, acute MS relapse clinic. A total of eighteen participants met ...
Mandal Saroj - - 2012
Background: Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) has become a common occurrence nowadays due to emergence of multiple newer risk factors, such as implantation of permanent pacemaker (PPM) and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. We are reporting 20 cases of upper extremity DVT related to PPM implantation. Methods and Result: All the patients ...
Monsieurs Koenraad G - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND GOAL OF STUDY: The relationship between chest compression rate and compression depth is unknown. In order to characterise this relationship, we performed an observational study in prehospital cardiac arrest patients. We hypothesised that faster compressions are associated with decreased depth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In patients undergoing prehospital cardiopulmonary ...
Yano Hideto - - 2012
Background: It remains unclear whether concomitant use of omeprazole attenuates platelet function as compared with that of famotidine in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) who receive clopidogrel. Methods and Results: In this prospective study, 130 ACS patients treated with aspirin and clopidogrel who underwent stent implantation were randomly assigned to receive ...
Athanasopoulos Anastasios - - 2012
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the autologous fascia rectus sling in treating stress urinary incontinence in female patients with neuropathic bladder. Furthermore, correlations between preoperative parameters and outcome were evaluated. METHODS AND DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed operative logs from a single surgeon (EM) ...
Heo Sung Hyuk - - 2013
Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is a surrogate marker for evaluating atherosclerotic vascular diseases. The phosphodiesterase inhibitor cilostazol attenuates the increase in carotid IMT in diabetes patients. We studied whether cilostazol can reduce the progression of carotid IMT in symptomatic ischemic stroke patients. From our prospective registry of acute ischemic stroke ...
Struijs P A A - - 2012
Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica is a rare entity. It is characterized by cartilage overgrowth in the epiphyses and is considered to be an epiphyseal osteochondroma. It usually presents during childhood and can cause pain and functional limitations. The aim of the present study was to describe the entity through our cases ...
de Bie Charlotte - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A six-week course of exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is recommended as first treatment in active paediatric Crohn's disease (CD). We aimed to assess short-term and long-term outcome of EEN, and to identify predictive factors of treatment success. METHODS: The medical records of newly diagnosed paediatric CD patients ...
Bryner Benjamin S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) secondary to acute pancreatitis is associated with a poor prognosis. We hypothesized that extracorporeal life support (ECLS) may be an effective treatment option for the most severe cases of pancreatitis-induced ARDS. METHODS:: We reviewed 8 cases of pancreatitis-induced ARDS that were treated with ECLS ...
Schinkel Arend F L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Previous observational studies demonstrated that hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients at risk for sudden cardiac death (SCD) may benefit from implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy. A complete overview of outcome and complications after ICD therapy is currently not available. This study pools data from published studies on outcome and complications ...
Cloostermans Marleen C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate the value of continuous electroencephalography in early prognostication in patients treated with hypothermia after cardiac arrest. DESIGN:: Prospective cohort study. SETTING:: Medical intensive care unit. PATIENTS:: Sixty patients admitted to the intensive care unit for therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest. INTERVENTION:: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:: In ...
Borges Alvaro H D - - 2012
Pyomyositis remains poorly documented in tropical Latin America. We therefore performed a retrospective review of cases admitted to a hospital in the upper Negro river basin during 2002-2006. Seasonality was assessed by the cosinor model and independent predictors of outcome were identified by logistic regression. Determinants of time-to-fever resolution were ...
Nakai Kishiko - - 2012
Recent preanesthetic fasting practice allows patients to take clear fluids up to 2 h before surgery without taking any antacid for the prophylaxis of aspiration pneumonia; this practice is defined as oral rehydration therapy (ORT). It has been reported that with ORT the gastric volume may be significantly lower than that ...
Oyetunji Tolulope A - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation ECMO has been clinically used for the last 25 y. It has been an effective tool for both cardiac and non cardiac conditions. The impact of ethno-demographic changes on ECMO outcomes however remains unknown. We evaluated a single institution's experience with non cardiac neonatal ECMO ...
Sobaniec Stefan - - 2013
The study objective was clinical assessment of the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the treatment of oral lichen planus (OLP). There were 23 patients aged 31-82 included in the study with oral lichen planus diagnosed clinically and histopathologically. In all patients photodynamic therapy was performed with the use of ...
Shousha Mootaz M University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt. - - 2012
Anterior cervical decompression and fusion is a well-established procedure for the treatment of cervical spinal canal stenosis. In this study, we evaluated the necessity of spinal instrumentation after four-level anterior cervical decompression and cage fusion. From January 2006 until August 2008, 25 patients (8 females and 17 males) (mean age ...
Hassan A E - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke consists of various mechanical and pharmacologic modalities used for recanalization of arterial occlusions. We performed this study to determine the relationship among procedure time, recanalization, and clinical outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke undergoing endovascular treatment.MATERIALS AND METHODS:We analyzed data from ...
Cole Brian J - - 2012
BACKGROUND:This is an analysis of the prospective Study of the Treatment of Articular Repair (STAR) to evaluate the effectiveness of autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) in a subset of adult patients with osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) knee lesions. HYPOTHESIS:Autologous chondrocyte implantation can improve clinical outcomes in patients with at least 1 chronic ...
Haneya Assad - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) using extracorporeal life support (ECLS) system has been successfully used to support patients with in- and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA, OHCA) when conventional measures have failed. The purpose of the current study is to report on our experience with extracorporeal CPR in non-postcardiotomy patients. METHODS: We ...
Baudry Camille - - 2012
CONTEXT: Alternatives to transsphenoidal pituitary surgery may be required in Cushing's disease (CD), as a first- or second-line treatment. Mitotane is a potent anti cortisolic but has been rarely investigated in the treatment of CD. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the efficacy and tolerance of mitotane in CD patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: ...
Hoashi Takaya - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We aimed to reveal late clinical features of patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA/IVS) or critical pulmonary stenosis (cPS) after biventricular repair (BVR) based on preoperative right ventricular (RV) end-diastolic volume (RVEDV) findings. METHODS: Since 1985, 23 of 73 patients with PA/IVS (n = 22) or ...
Shirakabe Akihiro - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The role of an arterial blood gas analysis in acute heart failure (AHF) remains unclear. The acid-base balance could help to treat AHF, and it might help to distinguish different types of AHF, while it might be associated with the AHF prognosis. The present study was conducted ...
Berger Julien - - 2012
We evaluated the morbidity of nephrectomy in patients older than age 80 years. Between June 2002 and March 2011, 2,530 patients underwent surgery for renal tumor at 5 French academic centers. Of these patients 180 (7.1%) were age 80 years or older, including 22 (12%) and 158 (88%) who underwent ...
Soize S - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The best approach between general anesthesia and conscious sedation to perform mechanical thrombectomy remains unknown. The goal of our study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of mechanical thrombectomy under conscious sedation in patients with acute ischemic stroke, using the Solitaire FR device, in a prospective, ...
Szanyi Jana - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy of visual evoked potentials (VEPs) in the monitoring of visual function during a high-dose intravenous steroid pulse therapy and apheresis treatment of severe Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). Patients and Research Design: Nine patients with severe and active GO were ...
Zitzmann Michael - - 2012
Introduction.  Morbidity/mortality is higher in men with below-normal serum testosterone. Restoring testosterone to normal is beneficial. Aim.  Assessment of safety and effectiveness of injectable long-acting testosterone undecanoate (TU) in hypogonadal men in daily clinical practice. Methods.  An international, multicenter, one-arm, prospective observational study in 23 countries. Main Outcome Measures.  Parameters ...
Pong Amanda W - - 2012
Purpose:  Glut 1 deficiency syndrome (DS) is defined by hypoglycorrhachia with normoglycemia, acquired microcephaly, episodic movements, and epilepsy refractory to standard antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Gold standard treatment is the ketogenic diet (KD), which provides ketones to treat neuroglycopenia. Our purpose is (1) to describe epilepsy phenotypes in a large Glut ...
Omokawa Shohei - - 2012
We evaluated the responsiveness of patient-derived questionnaires and physical findings in evaluating recovery after treatment of ulnocarpal abutment syndrome. Patients were assessed at their initial visit to our clinic and again 3 months after the treatment. At each visit, patients completed a Short Form-36, the Japanese Society for Surgery of ...
Jeromel Miran - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Endovascular mechanical revascularization (thrombectomy) is an increasingly used method for intracranial large vessel recanalization in acute stroke. The purpose of the study was to analyze the recanalization rate, clinical outcome, and complication rate in our stroke patients treated with mechanical revascularization. METHODS: A total of 57 patients with large ...
Kanzaki Takeyuki - - 2012
To assess the long-term safety and efficacy of tacrolimus (TAC) used in combination with oral methotrexate (MTX) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) whose disease remains active despite treatment with MTX alone. The clinical courses of 24 RA patients who received TAC added to MTX from a single center were ...
Koivusalo A I - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Paediatric rectal prolapse (RP) is rarely a diagnostic problem and resolves often spontaneously. We studied whether the assessment of recurrent RP (RP), postoperative relapsed RP (RRP) or anorectal discomfort without RP (ARD) benefits from dynamic defecography (DD) and describe DD findings in relation with outcome. PATIENTS AND ...
Erdag Mehmet Ali - - 2012
The objective of this study is to establish the role of risk factors in the etiology of pharyngocutaneous fistula formation after total laryngectomy. A retrospective study was performed for patient, disease and treatment-related factors, and also factors related to pathology specimen. Logistic regression analysis revealed that fistula development ratio was ...
Fischer-Levancini C - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Nail involvement is common in psoriasis and has a considerable impact on patient quality of life. Its clinical presentation depends on which part of the nail is affected: the bed or the matrix. Fifty percent of patients report associated pain. In this study, we analyzed the safety and effectiveness ...
Goldberg Ythan H - - 2012
Background: Despite the 2008 revision of a previously issued black box warning of the US Food and Drug Administration against the use of perflutren ultrasound contrast agents, the warning still reports fatalities having occurred following their administration. We sought to assess 1-day mortality associated with contrast use across a wide ...
Rogers Lindsay S - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate Fontan peri-operative outcomes for 771 consecutive patients. Since the initial description by Fontan, mortality associated with the Fontan operation has declined substantially. However, postoperative effusions remain a significant challenge. Effusions are a key determinant of postoperative length-of-stay and have been shown to ...
Wolf Brian R - - 2012
Total hip arthroplasty is a common surgical procedure, but little is known about longitudinal trends in associated adverse outcomes. Our objective was to describe long-term trends in demographics, comorbidities, and adverse outcomes for older patients who underwent primary and revision total hip arthroplasty. We identified a retrospective, observational cohort of ...
Ahmed Mustafa I MI Department of Medicine and Cardiovascular Disease, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of long-term β(1)-aderergic receptor (AR) blockade on left ventricular (LV) remodeling and function in patients with chronic, isolated, degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR). Isolated MR currently has no proven therapy that attenuates LV remodeling or preserves systolic function. Thirty-eight asymptomatic subjects ...
Sabatowski Rainer R Comprehensive Pain Center (USC), University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Dresden, Germany. - - 2012
Prospective evaluation of the long-term efficacy and safety of the 5% lidocaine medicated plaster in patients with post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN). Patients with persisting pain for ≥3 months after acute herpes zoster and a baseline pain intensity of at least 4 on an 11-point numerical rating scale (NRS 0-10) were treated ...
Cetin Mustafa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Fragmented QRS complexes (fQRS) are defined as various RSR' patterns in 2 contiguous leads corresponding to a major coronary artery territory. Although the reason of association between fQRS and cardiac events was documented as cardiac fibrosis, the predictive role of fQRS was not studied for postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) ...
Fritz12 Jason S - - 2012
ABSTRACT RATIONALE: Six-minute walk distance (6MWD) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels at baseline and after initiation of treatment have been associated with survival in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). OBJECTIVES: To determine the individual and additive ability of pre- and post-treatment 6MWD and BNP to discriminate 2-year survival ...
Iborra-Moltó Carmelo - - 2012
Introduction: Studies of adherence to fluid restriction show high variability in prevalence data, as different methods of measuring IWG (interdialysis weight gain) and cut-off criteria are used. Objectives: To describe the prevalence of adherence to fluid restriction using daily IWG (criterion:&nbsp;&le;1Kg) and daily IWG adjusted for dry weight (DW) (cut-off ...
Singh Ajay K - - 2012
QUESTIONS Is volume supplementation using 24-hour sodium chloride better than 7-hour sodium bicarbonate for preventing contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN)? Is short-term sodium bicarbonate noninferior to 7-hour sodium bicarbonate? METHODS DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00130598. ALLOCATION Unclear allocation concealment.* BLINDING Unblinded.* FOLLOW-UP PERIOD 48 hours and 90 days. SETTING 3 centers ...
Switzer Jeffrey A - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The effectiveness of prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) products available in the United States that contain low levels of factor VII (3-factor PCC) has not been tested. The purpose of this study was to review our experience with 3-factor PCC (Profilnine) in the setting of warfarin-associated intracranial hemorrhage ...
Du Yi - - 2012
Bilateral acute optic neuritis (AON) is rare in adults in Western countries, but is relatively common in Asian populations. We aimed to document clinical features in Chinese patients with bilateral AON, and to identify factors that are predictive of visual acuity outcome. We reviewed 41 patients (23 males, 18 females; ...
Yukizawa Yohei - - 2012
Fondaparinux (FPX), a selective inhibitor of factor Xa, is widely used for the prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after total joint arthroplasty. However, the association between plasma FPX concentration and adverse events and the occurrence of VTE has not been clarified thus far. We aimed to prospectively evaluate these associations ...
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