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He Haiyan H Department of Cardiology, Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221002, P.R. - - 2014
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is at present the third leading cause of hospital-acquired acute kidney injury (AKI). Traditionally, it is diagnosed by measuring an increase of the serum creatinine (SCr) concentration. However, SCr is an insensitive marker for detecting CIN. This study was designed to investigate whether human urinary interleukin-18 (IL-18) ...
Karur Satish S Department of Cardiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, Bangalore, Karnataka, India - 560069. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of the study was to study and compare the clinical, echocardiographic and haemodynamic profile of juvenile rheumatic mitral stenosis (age ≤20 years) with severe mitral stenosis in adults, both before and immediately after balloon mitral valvotomy and also to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the procedure in ...
Güçlü O─čuz - - 2012
Otitis media (OM) is a common health problem. Nasal airways play an important role in etiopathogenesis of OM. The aim of this study is to evaluate nasal airways by objective methods in chronic otitis media (COM) cases. The relationship between the course of the disease and nasal parameters is also ...
Toor Iqbal S - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Several inflammatory markers have been shown to be independent predictors for both the development of clinically significant atherosclerosis and for adverse outcome in patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD). We investigated the prognostic role of eosinophil count in low to intermediate risk patients with CAD. METHODS: We studied ...
Noda Noriaki - - 2012
We aimed to examine the effect of different therapeutic modalities on levels of fractional concentrations of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in patients with eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (ECRS). Thirty-six ECRS patients with nasal polyps were treated either medically or surgically. Oral and nasal FeNO levels were measured using an electrochemical NO ...
Saito Tomoyuki - - 2012
We studied the efficacy of the Coopdech videolaryngoscope Portable VLP-100, by comparing it with a Macintosh laryngoscope, and another videolaryngoscope, the Airway Scope (AWS), in a manikin with four simulated difficult airways. In a randomized, crossover design, each of 50 residents inserted the three devices, in turn, and graded the ...
Alexiev V - - 2012
The Baska mask is a novel supraglottic airway device. We conducted an initial observational study to assess this device in 30 low-risk female patients. All Baska masks were inserted by a single investigator. The overall success rate for device insertion was 96.7% (95% CI 82.8-99.9%), while the success rate for ...
Rhee Chin Kook - - 2012
The clinical characteristics and optimal duration of corticosteroid treatment for acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP) have not been fully evaluated. This was a retrospective study of prospectively collected data of 137 patients with AEP treated with standardized protocol to clarify the clinical characteristics and to compare the efficacies of two weeks ...
Passali D - - 2012
The upper airway respiratory diseases (i.e. common cold, allergic rhinitis, nonallergic/vasomotor rhinitis, acute and chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyposis) in which nasal congestion is a common symptom are often undertreated due to the frequent inadequate efficacy and safety concern with current therapies. In scientific literature, few studies seem to support ...
Dellon Evan S - - 2012
We performed a randomized trial to compare nebulized and viscous topical corticosteroid treatments for eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Subjects with incident EoE (n = 25) received budesonide 1 mg twice daily, either nebulized and then swallowed (NEB) or as an oral viscous slurry (OVB), for 8 weeks. Baseline eosinophil counts for ...
Gelb Arthur F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The importance of monitoring exhaled nitric oxide (NO) in asthma remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: To measure exhaled NO, postnebulized albuterol/ipratropium spirometry, and Asthma Control Test (ACT) during asthma exacerbation requiring 8- to 10-day tapering oral corticosteroid in nonsmoking patients with moderate-to-severe asthma on moderate-dose inhaled corticosteroid and long-acting β(2)-agonist but ...
O'Donnell S - - 2012
Eosinophilic oesophagitis is a clinicopathological disease characterized by oesophageal eosinophilia and gastrointestinal symptoms. Currently, the optimal treatment regimens remain unclear. The pathogenesis of eosinophilic oesophagitis appears to involve immune dysregulation, while acid reflux may have a secondary role; the mainstays in treatment are aimed principally at these dual processes. While ...
Kagalwalla Amir F AF Department of Pediatrics, Children's Memorial Hospital and Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, - - 2012
Mechanisms underlying esophageal remodeling with subepithelial fibrosis in subjects with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) have not been delineated. We sought to explore a role for epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) in subjects with EoE and determine whether EMT resolves with treatment. Esophageal biopsy specimens from 60 children were immunostained for epithelial (cytokeratin) ...
Levine Jeremiah - - 2012
Current treatments of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), including restrictive diets or glucocorticoids, provide only transient improvement. Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use in EoE does not lead to histologic improvement; however, the long-term use of PPI on symptoms and prevention of complications has not been evaluated. To evaluate the use of PPI ...
Halsey K D - - 2012
To assess the incidence of esophageal intra-epithelial eosinophilic infiltration following endoscopic ablation of Barrett's esophagus (BE), a retrospective study of consecutive cases of endoscopic ablation of BE with dysplasia or cancer using radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and spray cryotherapy at two centers in the United States was performed. Post-ablation eosinophilia was ...
Demirtürk Mustafa - - 2012
Anaphylaxis is a serious and probably lethal systemic reaction which occurs instantaneously after exposure to an allergen. It can occur after exposure to various triggers including allergic and non-allergic factors. When a trigger cannot be determined, idiopathic anaphylaxis is considered. In idiopathic anaphylaxis presenting with frequent attacks, long-term prophylaxis with ...
Wu Francis Fu-Sheng - - 2012
Background and aims. Atopic patients are advised to cover their mattresses with occlusive coverings; however, these are not cheap. We investigated whether daily vacuum cleaning of mattresses significantly reduces content of house dust mite allergens, bacterial endotoxin, and fungal β-glucan. Methods. Twenty volunteers vacuumed their mattress daily for 8 weeks. ...
Oner Taliha - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the peripheral blood eosinophilia (PBE) in the acute stage of incomplete Kawasaki disease (iKD). METHODS: Twenty-four patients with iKD (median age; 31.5 months, range; 7-88 months) and 25 with complete Kawasaki disease (cKD) (median age; 37 months, range; 9-140 months) were evaluated between 2004 and 2010 from ...
Ng Shanna Shan-Yi - - 2012
Classic eosinophilic pustular folliculitis (EPF), otherwise known as Ofugi disease, is a rare condition commonly treated with topical glucocorticosteroids. If this fails, oral indomethacin is frequently the next line. Because the condition is recurrent, the use of long term steroids may cause side effects such as skin atrophy, hypertrichosis, and ...
Yassaei Soghra S Department of Orthodontics, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. - - 2012
Because stability is known as the fundamental key of the successful outcome of orthodontics treatment, this study investigated the stability of tongue, hyoid bone and airway dimensions at least two years after active treatment with Faramand functional appliance in patients with class II div 1 malocclusion. The present findings indicate ...
De Maeyer N - - 2011
Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis (EG) is a rare condition, caused by eosinophilic inflammatory infiltrates in the gastrointestinal tract. It is usually treated successfully with systemic glucocorticoids. Because of frequent relapses, however, there is need for alternatives. We describe a 38-year old man with steroid-dependent EG, who was successfully treated with montelukast, a ...
Ekelund Anders - - 2011
Many patients with rheumatoid arthritis develop superior migration of the humeral head because of massive cuff tears, causing loss of active motion. Reverse shoulder arthroplasty could potentially restore biomechanical balance but a high incidence of glenoid failure has been reported. These studies do not, however, typically include many patients with ...
Fitzsimmons Sean - - 2011
To determine the number of National Football League (NFL) teams using pregame hyperhydration with intravenous fluid (IVF), the most common protocols for using the IVF, the complications from this routine, and the perceived efficacy of this treatment. Cross-sectional survey study. National Football League. The head athletic trainer from all 32 ...
Ricchetti Eric T - - 2011
More elderly patients are becoming candidates for total shoulder arthroplasty with an increase in frequency of the procedure paralleling the rise in other total joint arthroplasties. Controversy still exists, however, regarding the perioperative morbidity of total joint arthroplasty in elderly patients, particularly those 80 years of age and older. We ...
Franco Lynne Miller - - 2011
Introduction The improvement collaborative approach has been widely promoted in developed countries as an effective method to spread clinical practices, but little has been published on its effectiveness in developing country settings. Between 1998 and 2008, the United States Agency for International Development funded 54 collaboratives in 14 low- and ...
Lingard Lorelei - - 2011
Background Suboptimal communication within healthcare teams can lead to adverse patient outcomes. Team briefings were previously associated with improved communication patterns, and we assessed the impact of briefings on clinical practice. To quantify the impact of the preoperative team briefing on direct patient care, we studied the timing of preoperative ...
Gumus Koray K Ocular Surface Center, Cullen Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, - - 2011
To evaluate tear film stability in patients with tear dysfunction and an asymptomatic control group by using the novel, noninvasive Tear Stability Analysis System (TSAS). In this prospective case-control study, 45 patients with dysfunctional tear syndrome (DTS) were stratified into three groups (1, 2, and 3/4) based on clinical severity, ...
Keijsers Ellen - - 2010
To evaluate the differences in predictors of nonrecovery between patients with a specific diagnosis at arm, neck, and/or shoulder, vs. patients with a nonspecific diagnosis in general practice at 6 months after the first consultation. New consulters with nontraumatic arm, neck, or shoulder complaints entered the cohort. Patient, complaint, and ...
Encalada-Diaz Ivan I Shoulder and Elbow Department, National Institute for Rehabilitation, Mexico City, - - 2011
Preventing anatomic failure after rotator cuff repair (RCR) remains a challenge. Augmentation with a surgical mesh may permanently reinforce the repair and decrease failure rates. The purpose of this study is to assess the postoperative outcomes of open RCR augmented with a novel reticulated polycarbonate polyurethane patch. Ten patients with ...
Magnussen Robert A - - 2011
Shoulder arthroplasty is being performed with increasing frequency, and patients' athletic participation after shoulder arthroplasty is on the rise. However, little data exist regarding appropriate long-term activity restrictions. We hypothesize that European and North American surgeons both recommend increasing long-term activity restrictions, moving from hemiarthroplasty to total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) ...
Mulieri Philip - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the indications for, and outcomes of, reverse shoulder arthroplasty in patients with massive rotator cuff tears but without glenohumeral arthritis. From December 1998 to December 2006, sixty-nine patients (seventy-two shoulders) were managed with reverse shoulder arthroplasty for the treatment of irreparable ...
Bonnevialle Nicolas - - 2011
Hemiarthroplasty for shoulder osteoarthritis with a glenoid dysplasia gives satisfactory results at medium-range follow-up. From 1998 to 2006, 9 patients (10 shoulders) with glenoid dysplasia and osteoarthritis were treated with shoulder hemiarthroplasty. The mean age at surgery was 54 years (range, 44-73 years). At a minimum of 24 months after ...
Tashjian Robert Z - - 2010
Double-row arthroscopic rotator cuff repairs were developed to improve initial biomechanical strength of repairs to improve healing rates. Despite biomechanical improvements, failure of healing remains a clinical problem. To evaluate the anatomical results after double-row arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with ultrasound to determine postoperative repair integrity and the effect of ...
Koo Samuel S - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the benefits of a modified rehabilitation protocol (incorporating early closed-chain overhead stretching) in reducing the risk of postoperative stiffness after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. During a 17-month period, we performed primary arthroscopic rotator cuff repairs in 152 patients. After surgery, patients with ...
Slobogean Gerard P - - 2011
Following a healed proximal humerus fracture, patient-reported outcome is predicted by objective physical examination findings. Range of motion and strength thresholds can correctly identify subjects with normal functioning shoulders. Subjects were age ≥55 years with a healed proximal humerus fracture. Impairment was measured with a focused physical examination of the ...
Zarkadas Peter C - - 2011
The indication to perform a shoulder arthroplasty is guided in part by a patient's intended level of activity after surgery. What level of activity should be safely recommended, and, presently, patient reported activity level is unknown. The purpose of this study was to define and compare the self-reported activities of ...
Noyes Matthew P - - 2011
Hemiarthroplasty is the preferred surgical procedure for 3- and 4-part proximal humeral fractures. Our retrospective study examined functional and radiographic outcomes at 2- and 5-year follow-up in patients who received a hemiarthroplasty for 3- and 4-part proximal humeral fractures. Forty-seven consecutive patients of a single surgeon treated with a cemented ...
Lin Hsiang-Yu - - 2010
Information regarding the clinical outcome of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with recombinant human N-acetylgalactosamine 4-sulfatase (rhASB) for mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) VI in Asian patients is limited. We reviewed nine Taiwanese patients with MPS VI (four males and five females; age range 1.4-21.1 years) treated with weekly intravenous infusions of rhASB (1.0 mg/kg) for ...
Nada A N - - 2010
We describe the clinical outcome of a technique of surgical augmentation of chronic massive tears of the rotator cuff using a polyester ligament (Dacron) in 21 symptomatic patients (14 men, seven women) with a mean age of 66.5 years (55.0 to 85.0). All patients had MRI and arthroscopic evidence of ...
Saltzman Matthew D - - 2010
Reverse shoulder arthroplasty changes the center of rotation (COR) of the glenohumeral joint and in doing so affects the resting tension in the deltoid and residual cuff muscles, as well as their respective moment arms. The purpose of this study was to assess the change in COR from the preoperative ...
Chiang En-Rung - - 2010
Shoulder joint laxity over anteroinferior and posteroinferior labral–capsular structure inpatients with traumatic anterior glenohumeral instability was reported in the previous literature. The purpose of this study was to report our experience in arthroscopic treatment of traumatic anterior–inferior shoulder instability by Bankart lesion stabilisation with rotator interval closure and posteroinferior capsular ...
Van Thiel Geoffrey S - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the results of arthroscopic debridement for isolated degenerative joint disease of the shoulder. We retrospectively identified 81 patients who had arthroscopic debridement to treat glenohumeral arthritis. Of these patients, 71 (88%) were available for follow-up. The preoperative Simple Shoulder Test score, American ...
Pennington William T - - 2010
Our goal in this analysis was to compare clinical outcomes and radiographic healing rates of double-row (DR) transosseous-equivalent versus single-row (SR) Mason-Allen configuration (MAC) arthroscopic repair techniques. A prospective, nonrandomized assessment of 132 arthroscopic rotator cuff repair patients included 78 SR repair patients and 54 with DR repair. Tears measured ...
Krueger David - - 2011
The value of arthroscopic revision shoulder stabilization after failed instability repair is still a matter of debate. Arthroscopic revision shoulder stabilization using suture anchors provides equivalent subjective and objective results compared with initial arthroscopic instability repair. Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Twenty consecutive patients who underwent arthroscopic revision shoulder ...
Irlenbusch Ulrich - - 2011
This prospective study aimed to analyse the effect of a newly developed double-eccentric adjustable stemmed prosthesis on reconstruction of the osseous anatomy, range of motion, strength and pain relief. A total of 91 consecutive hemiprostheses were evaluated preoperatively and three, six, 12, 24 and 48 months postoperatively (mean±SD 46.2 ± 10.9 months) ...
El-Azab H - - 2010
Assessment of repair integrity and clinical outcome after arthroscopic repair of rotator cuff tears in double-row suture-bridge technique with the use of a new knotless suture-anchor system. The first treated 25 patients with arthroscopic rotator cuff repair in the suture-bridge technique using a novel knotless anchor and chain-link suture system ...
Tanaka Yoshitaka - - 2010
We treated 15 highly active young men (16 shoulders) with traumatic primary anterior shoulder dislocation or subluxation using 3-week external rotation immobilization. Fourteen patients (14 shoulders) were members of the Self-Defense Force and the other patient (2 shoulders) was a high school student who played club-level rugby. Average patient age ...
Tokish John M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic pan-labral or circumferential (360°) tears of the glenohumeral labrum are an uncommon injury. The purpose of the present study was to report the results of surgical treatment of circumferential lesions of the glenoid labrum with use of validated outcome instruments. METHODS: From July 2003 to May 2006, forty-one ...
Bartelt Robert - - 2011
The younger patient with glenohumeral arthritis presents a challenge because of concerns about activity and frequency of failure. The purpose of this study was to define the results, complications, and frequency of revision surgery in this group. Between 1986 and 2005, 46 total shoulder arthroplasties and 20 hemiarthroplasties were performed ...
Nho Shane J - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to look at the functional outcomes of arthroscopic repair of anterosuperior rotator cuff tears with open biceps tenodesis when indicated. We retrospectively reviewed the cases of 17 patients (17 shoulders) who underwent arthroscopic repair of anterosuperior tears with concurrent open biceps tenodesis. At final ...
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