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Press Y K YK Integrated Statistics, 16 Sumner Street, Woods Hole, MA, 02543, - - 2014
Winter flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus were collected at monthly intervals from December 2009 to May 2011, to describe the pattern and seasonality of oocyte development, including: (1) the group-synchronous transition from primary to secondary oocytes that initiates immediately after spawning, (2) the slow (months) development of vitellogenic oocytes followed by the ...
Panchanathan Karthik K Department of Anthropology,University of Missouri,Columbia,MO - - 2014
Smaldino is right to argue that we need a richer theory of group-level traits. He is wrong, however, in limiting group-level traits to units of cultural selection, which require explanations based on group selection. Traits are best understood when explanations focus on both process (i.e., selection) and product (i.e., adaptation). ...
Caporael Linnda R LR Department of Science and Technology Studies,Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute,Troy, NY - - 2014
Although both a "simple dyad or a population of thousands" are groups, these are, respectively, face-to-face embodied groups and collective symbolic groups. We applaud Smaldino for recognizing and describing the concept of the group-level trait. As an expansion, we propose an evolutionary-developmental model of face-to-face groups that scaffolds theorizing the ...
Gordon Pedro Caldana PC Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, - - 2014
A significant proportion of patients who undergo bariatric surgery fail to achieve enduring weight loss. Previous studies suggest that psychosocial variables affect postoperative outcome, although this subject is still considered unclear. The purpose of this study is to further investigate the impact of psychosocial variables on Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) ...
Mandy Anne A Reader, Director of Post Graduate Studies, Centre for Health Research, University of Brighton, Eastbourne, Sussex, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Limited published data exploring patients' emotional recovery after day case foot surgery are available. The aim of the present study was to explore the changes in patient mood from preoperatively to 8 weeks postoperatively after outpatient forefoot surgery. The patients completed the Profile of Mood States-Bipolar™ questionnaire, Speilberger State-Trait Anxiety ...
Tosun Betül B Department of Fundamentals of Nursing, School of Nursing, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of preoperative fasting and fluid limitation in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Although traditional long-term fasting is not recommended in current preoperative guidelines, this is still a common intervention. Visual analogue scale was used to assess hunger, thirst, sleepiness, exhaustion, nausea ...
Fanelli A A Department of Anesthesia and Pain Therapy, Istituti Ospitalieri di Cremona, Cremona, Italy - - - 2014
Background: This study aims at investigating the effect of a single pre-operative oral administration of morphine sulphate (Oramorph®) on pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Methods: Forty-one ASA I-III patients, aged 18-65 years, undergoing LC were randomly, double-blindly allocated to treatment (N.=20, 30mg Oramorph®, group M) or placebo (N.=21, group P). ...
Kotila T R - - 2013
The high prevalence of sickle cell disorders and the mild deletional alpha-thalassaemia among Nigerians is well known, but beta-thalassaemia is believed to be almost nonexistent. Beta thalassaemia trait (BTT) was screened for in patients with unexplained recurrent haemolytic anaemia and healthy individuals. beta-thalassaemia trait (BTT) was screened for using MCH ...
Kotila T R TR Department of Haematology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. - - 2013
The high prevalence of sickle cell disorders and the mild deletional á-thalassaemia among Nigerians is well known, but â-thalassaemia is believed to be almost nonexistent. Beta thalassaemia trait (BTT) was screened for in patients with unexplained recurrent haemolytic anaemia and healthy individuals. â-thalassaemia trait (BTT) was screened for using MCH ...
Fanelli A - - 2013
Background: This study aims at investigating the effect of a single pre-operative oral administration of morphine sulphate (Oramorph®) on pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Methods: 41 ASA I-III patients, aged 18-65 years, undergoing LC were randomly, double-blindly allocated to treatment (n=20, 30mg Oramorph®, group M) or placebo (n=21, group P). ...
Blumenthal Claire - - 2013
Object It is not known whether adding fusion to lumbar decompression is necessary for all patients undergoing surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis with symptomatic stenosis. Determining specific radiographic traits that might predict delayed instability following decompression surgery might guide clinical decision making regarding the utility of up-front fusion in patients ...
Costa Cyrene Piazera Silva - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between sickle cell anemia (SCA) and pulp necrosis (PN). One hundred thirteen individuals with SCA (ie, the exposed group) from the Supervision of Hematology and Hemotherapy of Maranhão (HEMOMAR), Maranhão, Brazil, and 226 individuals without SCA, the sickle cell trait, ...
Tutuncu Yasemin - - 2012
Long-acting somatostatin analogs are frequently used as adjuvant treatment of acromegaly patients after noncurative surgery. This sudy aims to compare the efficacy of octreotide long-acting release (OCT) and lanreotide Autogel (LAN) in acromegaly patients. Sixty-eight patients not cured by transsphenoidal endoscopic or microscopic pituitary surgery between 2003 and 2009 were ...
Kapoor Kapil - - 2012
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious complication of malaria which has a very high mortality rate. A retrospective analysis of medical record data of children treated for malarial AKI in a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) was performed in order to evaluate the incidence, poor prognostic factors and outcome ...
Burns Matthew - - 2012
A double-blind phase III malaria prevention trial was conducted in two refugee camps using pre-manufactured insecticide-treated plastic sheeting (ITPS) or untreated polyethylene sheeting (UPS) randomly deployed to defined sectors of each camp. In Largo camp the ITPS or UPS was attached to inner walls and ceilings of shelters, whereas in ...
Brown Joshua B - - 2012
Controversy surrounds the optimal ratios of blood (packed red blood cell [PRBC]), plasma (fresh frozen plasma [FFP]) and platelet (PLT) use for patients requiring massive transfusion (MT) owing to possible survival bias in previous studies. We sought to characterize mortality during the first 24 hours while controlling for time varying ...
- - 2012
The purpose of this multicenter study is to determine the utility of the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, and synovial fluid white blood cell (WBC) count and differential for evaluating periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) in patients with a failed unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). A total of 259 patients undergoing revision ...
Maiga Amelia W - - 2012
Plasmodium falciparum resistance to artemisinins by delayed parasite clearance is present in Southeast Asia. Scant data on parasite clearance after artemisinins are available from Africa, where transmission is high, burden is greatest, and artemisinin use is being scaled up. Children 1-10 years of age with uncomplicated malaria were treated with ...
Kato Tetsuro - - 2012
Malaria is one of the most common and serious infectious diseases in the tropics and subtropics. For high-risk travelers to endemic regions, malaria chemoprophylaxis is recommended. Internationally, atovaquone-proguanil (A/P), mefloquine (MEF), or doxycycline (DOX) are the prescribed malaria chemoprophylactic drugs. However, A/P and DOX are not approved in Japan. Therefore, ...
Gupte Snehalata C - - 2012
Background & objectives: Literature reports several studies on ABO groups and malaria but a study with an adequate sample size and controls is not available. ABO groups are genetically controlled, hence, large sample size and comparison with population frequency is essential. To determine whether malaria infection with variable severity has ...
Cortez M R - - 2012
The effects of azadirachtin and ecdysone on the Trypanosoma cruzi population in the Rhodnius prolixus gut were investigated. T. cruzi were rarely found in the gut compartments of azadirachtin-treated larvae. High parasite numbers were observed in the stomach of the control and ecdysone groups until 10 days after treatment and ...
Valecha Neena - - 2012
BackgroundArtemisinin based combination therapy (ACT) is the first-line treatment for uncomplicated falciparum malaria. The current study assessed the antimalarial efficacy and safety of a combination of 150 mg of arterolane maleate and 750 mg of piperaquine phosphate in comparison to Coartem(®) (artemether and lumefantrine) in patients with acute uncomplicated P. ...
Jans O - - 2012
Background and Objectives  Bleeding and postoperative anaemia after total hip arthroplasty (THA) may trigger transfusion of red blood cells (RBC). However, large observational studies have reported associations between RBC transfusion and increased postoperative morbidity and mortality. As major bleeding or severe postoperative anaemia is intrinsically linked with RBC transfusion, direct ...
Rueangweerayut Ronnatrai R Department of Internal Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak, - - 2012
Pyronaridine-artesunate is an artemisinin-based combination therapy under evaluation for the treatment of Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax malaria. We conducted a phase 3, open-label, multicenter, noninferiority trial that included 1271 patients between 3 and 60 years of age from Asia (81.3%) or Africa (18.7%) with microscopically confirmed, uncomplicated P. falciparum ...
Tan Josenia N M - - 2012
We implemented a protocol incorporating a higher fresh frozen plasma (FFP)/RBC ratio for the management of trauma patients requiring massive transfusion in 2007. This study aims to identify issues that affected the effective deployment of the massive transfusion protocol (MTP) and compare outcome variables with a historic cohort. Data from ...
Fuller Brian M - - 2012
The exact role of packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusion in the setting of early resuscitation in septic shock is unknown. To evaluate whether PRBC transfusion is associated with improved central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO(2)) or organ function in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock receiving early goal-directed therapy ...
Sharma Surya K - - 2012
Development of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors has been a major problem for achieving effective vector control. Due to limited availability of insecticides, the only option is management of resistance by judiciously using the insecticides and rotating them to maintain their effectiveness. This study was carried out in a malaria ...
Mayxay Mayfong M Wellcome Trust-Mahosot Hospital-Oxford University Tropical Medicine Research Collaboration, Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane, Laos. - - 2012
We conducted an open-label, randomized clinical trial to assess parasite clearance times (PCT) and the efficacy of 4 mg/kg (group 1, n = 22) and 2 mg/kg (group 2, n = 22) of oral artesunate for three days followed by artemether-lumefantrine in patients with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria at Xepon ...
Kauvar David S - - 2012
The resuscitation of patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAAs) has not been well studied, and the potential benefit of autotransfusion (AT) is unknown. The increased use of fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) has been associated with decreased mortality rates in trauma patients and may also improve RAAA survival. We explored the ...
Paal Peter - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Basic life support (BLS) performed by lay rescuers is poor. We developed software for mobile phones augmented with a metronome to improve BLS. STUDY OBJECTIVES: To assess BLS in lay rescuers with or without software assistance. METHODS: Medically untrained volunteers were randomized to run through a cardiac arrest scenario ...
Badreldin Akmal - - 2012
Background Sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score is widely used in many cardiac surgical intensive care units (ICUs). Its derivatives (mean and maximum values) are known to be more accurate than the original daily values of SOFA itself. However, they were designed for research purposes and could be calculated only after ...
Kinfu Gebremedhin - - 2012
Introduction. Multidrug resistance of Plasmodium falciparum is spreading throughout Africa. This has posed major challenges to malaria control in sub-Saharan Africa. Objective. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of artemether-lumefantrine for the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in North Ethiopia. Methods. This prospective study was ...
Chul Kim Yong - - 2012
Patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) show decreased hemoglobin levels. We aimed to verify the changes of red blood cell (RBC) number according to glomerular filtration rate (GFR) levels and its influence on the clinical outcome. With the data from routine health checkups of 114,496 adults, we grouped the ...
Duque Vitor - - 2012
We describe the case of a 14-year-old Caucasian male, a resident in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, who was observed in Portugal with severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria with high-level parasitemia and severe thrombocytopenia. The course was complicated by bilateral sixth cranial nerve palsy during acute malaria, followed by the ...
Jung Woo-Sang - - 2012
Aim. Hyul-bu-chuke-tang (HCEt) is a well-known traditional herbal medicine that is used for the treatment of ischemic cerebrovascular disorders. We investigated the acute effects of HCEt on erythrocyte deformability and cerebrovascular CO(2) reactivity (CVR) in healthy male subjects. Materials and Methods. We examined erythrocyte deformability in an HCEt group (n ...
Lewis N - - 2012
Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma endemic to regions of Africa. Cases are thought to be typically found in low-lying, humid regions where malaria is rife. To investigate the clinical characteristics of BL, its incidence and relationship with malarial incidence in Northwest (NW) Province, Cameroon. Data on BL ...
Hafez Mm - - 2012
Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation represents an important advance in the management of children with cardiac arrhythmias and has rapidly become the standard and effective line of therapy for supraventricular tachycardias (SVTs) in pediatrics. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the intermediate term follow up results of radiofrequency catheter ...
Rolling Thierry - - 2012
Parenteral artesunate has been shown to be a superior treatment option compared to parenteral quinine in adults and children with severe malaria. Little evidence, however, is available on long-term safety. Recently, cases of late-onset haemolysis after parenteral treatment with artesunate have been reported in European travellers with imported Plasmodium falciparum ...
Espié Emmanuelle - - 2012
In 2005, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) adopted artesunate and amodiaquine (ASAQ) as first-line anti-malarial treatment. In order to compare the efficacy of the fixed-dose formulation ASAQ versus artemether-lumefantrine (AL), a randomized, non-inferiority open-label trial was conducted in Katanga. Children aged six and 59 months with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum ...
Namagembe Allen - - 2012
Deployment of highly effective artemisinin-based combination therapy for treating uncomplicated malaria calls for better targeting of malaria treatment to improve case management and minimize drug pressure for selecting resistant parasites. The Integrated Management of Malaria curriculum was developed to train multi-disciplinary teams of clinical, laboratory and health information assistants. Evaluation ...
Bové Thierry - - 2012
The study aimed to evaluate the outcome of transatrial-transpulmonary repair of tetralogy of Fallot in relation to a right-ventricular outflow tract (RVOT)-sparing surgery. Based on the surgical management of right-ventricular outflow tract obstruction (RVOTO) at repair of tetralogy of Fallot, 140 children were retrospectively divided into three groups: (1) pulmonary ...
Bhatt Rajendra M - - 2012
In the present study, Interceptor®, long-lasting polyester net, 75 denier and bursting strength of minimum 250 kPa coated with alpha-cypermethrin @ 200 mg/m² was evaluated for its efficacy in reducing the mosquito density, blood feeding inhibition and malaria incidence in a tribal dominated malaria endemic area in Chhattisgarh state, central ...
Kigozi Ruth - - 2012
Recently the use of indoor residual spraying of insecticide (IRS) has greatly increased in Africa; however, limited data exist on the quantitative impacts of IRS on health outcomes in highly malaria endemic areas. Routine data were collected on more than 90,000 patient visits at a single health facility over a ...
Pongvongsa Tiengkham - - 2012
In Savannakhet province, Laos and Quang Tri province, Vietnam, malaria is still an important health problem and most cases are found in the mountainous, forested border areas where ethnic minority groups live. The objectives of this study were to obtain a better joint understanding of the malaria situation along the ...
Eshetu Teferi - - 2012
In Jimma Zone, Ethiopia, the first-line treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria has been changed from sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) to artemether-lumefantrine (AL) in 2006. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of AL in Jimma Zone two to three years after its broad introduction. An open-label, single-arm, 42-day study ...
Laufer Miriam K - - 2012
The predominance of chloroquine-susceptible falciparum malaria in Malawi more than a decade after chloroquine's withdrawal permits contemplation of re-introducing chloroquine for targeted uses. We aimed to compare the ability of different partner drugs to preserve chloroquine efficacy and prevent the re-emergence of resistance. Children with uncomplicated malaria were enrolled at ...
Kautza Benjamin C - - 2012
Increasing evidence suggests that high fresh frozen plasma:packed red blood cell (FFP:PRBC) and platelet:PRBC (PLT:PRBC) transfusion ratios may prevent or reduce the morbidity associated with early coagulopathy which complicates massive transfusion (MT). We sought to characterize changes in resuscitation which have occurred over time in a cohort severely injured patients ...
Anvikar Anupkumar R - - 2012
Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) has been recommended for the treatment of falciparum malaria by the World Health Organization. Though India has already switched to ACT for treating falciparum malaria, there is need to have multiple options of alternative forms of ACT. A randomized trial was conducted to assess the safety ...
Xanthos Theodoros - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests that any interruptions, including those of rescue breaths, during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have significant, detrimental effects on survival. The 2010 International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation guidelines strongly emphasized on the importance of minimizing interruptions during chest compressions. However, those guidelines also stress the need for ventilations in ...
Attaran Saina - - 2011
OBJECTIVESPreoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) significantly reduces the survival rate post cardiac surgery. It has been shown that patients in persistent or paroxysmal AF have higher mid- and long-term mortality post cardiac surgery compared with those in sinus rhythm. In this study we aimed to assess whether radiofrequency (RF) ablation during ...
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