Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1431
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Dietrich Wulf - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Antifibrinolytics are widely used in cardiac surgery to reduce bleeding. Allogeneic blood transfusion, even in primary cardiac operations with low blood loss, is still high. In the present study we evaluated the impact of tranexamic acid compared to aprotinin on the transfusion incidence in cardiac surgical patients with low ...
Ben-Youssef Ramzi - - 2009
ImmuKnow measures ATP (ng/mL) in PHA-activated CD4+ T cells from patient's whole blood. According to published reports, median ImmuKnow is 258 ng/mL in stable pediatric kidney transplant (PKT) recipients > or =12 yr, and 165 ng/mL in those <12 yr. However, data on the effect of infection or AR on ...
Matsuda Keiji - - 2009
Autotransfusion with unwashed salvaged blood (USB) is effective for avoiding allogeneic blood transfusion (ABT) in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We performed a retrospective study to determine the percentage of patients receiving ABT and the volume of postoperative blood drainage after introduction of autotransfusion with USB for patients with ...
Matsuda Akihisa - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Adiponectin is produced exclusively by adipose tissues. It is associated with visceral adiposity and various metabolic disorders, and acts as an anti-inflammatory protein that inhibits nuclear factor-kappaB activation. The purpose of this study is to clarify the association between the preoperative plasma adiponectin levels and the development of postoperative ...
Tamayo E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammatory response frequently occurs after coronary artery bypass surgery and is strongly correlated with the risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality. This study tests the hypothesis that the priming of the extracorporeal circuit with colloid solutions results in less inflammation in patients undergoing cardiac surgery than priming with ...
Ngaage Dumbor L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Some recent multicenter series have questioned the safety of aprotinin in primary cardiac operations. We report a large, single-center experience with aprotinin therapy in primary cardiac operations and discuss the limitations and potential confounders of current treatment strategies. METHODS: We compared myocardial infarction, neurologic events, renal insufficiency, and operative ...
Sahu Bikash - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Hypothermia followed by rewarming during cardiopulmonary bypass can lead to cerebral hyperthermia, which has been implicated as 1 of the causes for postoperative deterioration in neurocognitive function in patients undergoing coronary revascularization. Hence, the authors studied the effects of 2 different rewarming strategies on postoperative neurocognitive function in adult ...
Pellegrino Antonio - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare differences in blood loss, operative time, and intra- and postoperative complications with the harmonic scalpel or conventional electrosurgery in the treatment of vulvar cancer. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent radical vulvectomy with inguinal lymphadenectomy using the harmonic scalpel (HS) or conventional electrosurgery (CE) were compared. RESULTS: A ...
Senay Sahin - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study is designed to determine and compare the effects of transfusion and coated circuits on the inflammatory response during cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Forty patients were randomized into two groups according to the type of extracorporeal circuit used and later prospectively enrolled into two subgroups according to the need ...
Prado Arturo - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to prospectively investigate coagulation during suction-assisted lipoplasty (SAL) and to compare it to other plastic surgery where no SAL was used, with the aid of a computerised thromboelastograph coagulation analyser (TEG). METHODS: A prospective cohort study enrolled 50 pure SAL patients and 50 ...
Duncan Christian - - 2008
Correction of craniosynostosis represents much of the workload in the pediatric designated UK craniofacial units. We reviewed recent operations as part of an ongoing unit audit cycle with outcome determined as blood use and complications or readmissions within 6 weeks of surgery. A pro forma was designed, and information from ...
Gunter Oliver L OL - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Despite recent attention and impressive results with damage control resuscitation, the appropriate ratio of blood products to be transfused has yet to be defined. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether suggested blood product ratios yield superior survival rates. MATERIALS: After IRB approval, a retrospective evaluation was ...
Liu Jinping - - 2008
Cardioplegic reperfusion during a long term ischemic period interrupts cardiac surgery and also increase cellular edema due to repeated administration. We reviewed the clinical experiences on myocardial protection of one single perfusion with histidine-ketoglutarate-tryptophan (HTK) for infants. This retrospective study included 118 infants who underwent open-heart surgery between January 2004 ...
Madershahian Navid - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It was the aim of the study to determine the kinetics of procalcitonin (PCT) levels following heart transplantation (HTx) and to investigate the prognostic suitability of postoperative changes in PCT levels for patients' outcome. METHODS: 52 adult heart transplant recipients were divided into two groups according to their in-hospital ...
Jarnagin William R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hepatic resection is the most effective treatment for many malignant and benign conditions affecting the liver and biliary tree. Despite improvements, major partial hepatectomy can be associated with considerable blood loss and transfusion requirements. Transfusion of allogeneic blood products, although potentially life-saving, is associated with many potential complications. The ...
Choudry Umar H - - 2008
Liposuction of >5 L of total aspirate at one setting is defined as large volume liposuction (LVL). A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients who underwent LVL from January 1990 to June 2005. Sixty-two patients underwent LVL. The mean volume of total aspirate was 8 L (5.0-11.7 L). ...
Corapcioglu Funda - - 2008
In recent years erythropoietic agents have become important tools in the management of anemia in cancer patients, improving hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations, reducing the need for transfusion, and enhancing quality of life. In this prospective and historically controlled study, the effects of epoetin beta on Hb concentrations and red blood cell ...
Shimizu Kentaro - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate if synbiotic therapy can correct the deteriorated gut flora and environment in patients with severe systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). Twenty-nine SIRS patients, who fulfilled a serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level >10 mg/dl, received synbiotics (Bifidobacterium breve, Lactobacillus casei, and galactooligosaccharides) (S ...
Morimoto Naoto - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Total arch replacement necessitating deep hypothermia with circulatory arrest has a greater effect on pulmonary function than other cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Since April 2004, 100mg of sivelestat sodium hydrate was administrated by bolus injection into pulp circuit at the initiation of CPB in every case performed ...
Duchesne Juan C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent military experience reported casualties who receive > 10 units of packed red blood cells (PRBC) in 24 hours have 20% versus 65% mortality when the fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) to PRBC ratio was 1:1 versus 1:4, respectively. We hypothesize a similar improvement in mortality in civilian trauma patients that ...
Olenchock Stephen A SA - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested increased renal complications and long-term mortality with aprotinin use in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients. However, these studies have been criticized for including multiple centers and different dosing strategies. We analyzed prospectively collected registry data from a single center hospital utilizing a full-dose aprotinin ...
Tayyab Neil Arif - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study that involved a total of 82 adult deformity patients who underwent spinal fusion surgery with instrumentation of 6 or more levels. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of aprotinin in reducing blood loss in adult spinal deformity patients. ...
Bail Dorothee H L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to examine plasma concentrations of BNP and its correlations to the perioperative course in patients' cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: Sixty-five patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing CPB were examined. Pre, intra and postoperative BNP values and hemodynamic parameters were measured. RESULTS: The BNP peak ...
Karkouti Keyvan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This observational study sought to identify the off-label use pattern of recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) in cardiac surgery and to identify predictors of its effectiveness and risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: At 18 Canadian centers, 522 nonhemophiliac cardiac surgical patients received rFVIIa during the period 2003 through 2006; data ...
Ando Makoto - - 2008
Cardiopulmonary bypass may cause acute lung injury and can seriously affect postoperative outcome, especially in younger patients. A synthesized neutrophil elastase inhibitor, sivelestat sodium, may be most effective when used during cardiopulmonary bypass. After anesthesia induction, sivelestat (2 mg/kg/h) was given to the SS group (n=7), and 0.9% saline solution ...
Tanno Katsutoshi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the effect emergency cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) for resuscitation on the survival rate of patients. METHODS: The study population was composed of persons 16 years or older who had out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and were transferred to the Sapporo Medical University Hospital from ...
Lindvall Gabriella - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Studies on the safety of aprotinin in coronary artery surgery have given conflicting results. Therefore, we studied the possible link between perioperative aprotinin treatment and renal dysfunction in patients undergoing first-time coronary surgery with a high risk of bleeding. METHODS: We performed a matched cohort study, comparing 200 patients ...
Jahr Jonathan S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The ability of hemoglobin based oxygen carrier-201 (HBOC-201) to safely reduce and/or eliminate perioperative transfusion was studied in orthopedic surgery patients. METHODS: A randomized, single-blind, packed red blood cell (PRBC)-controlled, parallel-group multicenter study was conducted. Six hundred eighty-eight patients were randomized to treatment with HBOC-201 (H, n = 350) ...
Aucoin Sylvie - - 2008
Introduction: It has been suggested that steroid treatment prior to pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) halts the systemic inflammatory response, possibly reducing myocardial damage and improving patient outcome. The effectiveness of this common practice remains unclear. We examined whether methylprednisolone (MP) administration prior to CPB affected postoperative troponin I (cTn1) levels, ...
Parlow Joel - - 2008
Introduction: Gabapentin (Gbp) has been shown to decrease postoperative pain and opioid requirements, and to improve postoperative pulmonary function(1). Its use in the setting of cardiac surgery has not been reported to date. We carried out a pilot study to examine Gbp pharmacokinetics during and after cardiopulmonary bypass as well ...
Lucas Mark T - - 2008
Atrial fibrillation is the most frequent cardiac dysrhythmia after cardiac surgery. Postoperative atrial fibrillation (Afib) is shown to increase risk of stroke, congestive heart failure, and hemodynamic instability leading to increased hospital length of stay and cost. Inflammation and degenerative histologic changes in cell structure because of age may predispose ...
Trowbridge Cody - - 2008
Patients with uncontrolled hemorrhage require massive transfusion therapy and consume a large fraction of blood bank resources. Institutional guidelines have been established for treatment, but early identification and prevention in susceptible patients remains challenging. Uncontrolled hemorrhage was defined as meeting institutional guidelines for recombinant FVIIa administration. Patients who received rFVIIa ...
Chichakli Ramsey - - 2008
PURPOSE: To identify the incidence of, risk factors for, and subsequent complications of perinephric hematomas after percutaneous nephrolithotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients who had undergone CT within 5 days of surgery for evidence of perinephric hematomas. Hematoma severity was graded on a 4-point system in which 0 ...
Ferrón-Celma Ignacio - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of parenteral administration of vitamin C on neutrophil apoptosis by determining Fas receptor expression and caspase-3, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), and Bcl-2 levels in neutrophils from septic abdominal surgery patients. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty septic abdominal surgery patients were studied in a prospective, randomized, double-blinded clinical ...
Hutschala Doris - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative pneumonia is a potentially devastating complication associated with high mortality in intensive care unit (ICU)-patients. One of the major predisposing factors is the perioperative occurrence of atelectatic formations in non-dependent lung areas. Perioperative ventilation/perfusion mismatch due to atelectasis may influence antibiotic distribution to lung tissue, hence increasing the ...
De Hert Stefan G - - 2008
To evaluate the effects of 2 different administration modalities of levosimendan (start before cardiopulmonary bypass [CPB] and at the end of CPB) compared with a standard treatment with milrinone started at the end of CPB in cardiac surgery patients with a preoperative ejection fraction <30%. A prospective study. A university ...
Carboni Giovanni L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective study was to compare the clinical value of procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CrP) plasma concentrations in their postoperative course after decortication. METHODS: Twenty-two patients requiring surgery for pleural empyema were chosen for this prospective study. Routine blood samples including CrP and PCT plasma ...
Bittner Hartmuth B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Administration of the serine protease inhibitor aprotinin has been proven efficacious in cardiopulmonary bypass-supported cardiac surgery to reduce bleeding and transfusion requirements. Its role in off-pump surgery is not so well defined. The present study assessed the effect of aprotinin in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting on perioperative blood ...
Binnema R - - 2008
This case report describes the successful treatment of severe accidental hypothermia of a 40-year-old woman. At arrival in the operating theatre her rectal temperature was 23 degrees C, her nasal temperature 21 degrees C and her periferal temperature 14 degrees C. The patient presented with a severe respiratory and metabolic ...
Marcoux Je - - 2008
Cardiotomy suction has been associated with adverse outcomes under routine conditions in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). We hypothesized that the routine use of a cell saver (CS) in place of the cardiotomy sucker would have no negative impact on transfusion rate (TR), chest tube drainage (CTD), ...
Page Andrew - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Randomized trials show equivocal benefit of epidural analgesia (EA) for patients undergoing abdominal operations. Partial hepatectomy is often performed using low central venous pressure anesthesia to reduce intraoperative blood loss. We examined effects of pain management strategy on blood pressure, transfusion, and complications in patients undergoing hepatic resection with ...
Snyder-Ramos Stephanie A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although blood utilization has been under considerable scrutiny for the past two decades, particularly for surgery, studies comparing perioperative blood transfusion practices between countries are rare, and the evolution of international standards remains unknown. Therefore, the objective of this evaluation was to compare the perioperative transfusion of blood components ...
Popov A F - - 2008
AIM: The angiotensin I-converting enzyme insertion/ deletion polymorphism (ACE-I/D), including three genotypes (II, ID, DD), with a known impact on midterm mortality and morbidity in patients after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG), was studied. Since this polymorphism has been linked with increased vascular response to phenylephrine during cardiopulmonary bypass ...
Otani Satoru - - 2008
Activation of inflammatory response during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may lead to considerable post-operative mortality. Recently, pentoxifylline (PTX), a methylxanthine derivative, has been reported to be effective in inhibiting proinflammatory cytokine production. This study aimed to determine whether or not PTX prevented CPB-induced systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in patients undergoing ...
Tseng M-Y MY Department of Neurosurgery, Addenbrooke's Hospital, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. - - 2008
Blood transfusions and intravenous fluids are commonly employed as rescue therapy for delayed cerebral ischaemia following aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH). We sought to determine effects of various fluid supplements on clinical outcome in patients following aSAH. Clinical events and laboratory data of 160 aSAH patients were prospectively collected as part ...
Beris P - - 2008
A multidisciplinary panel of physicians was convened by Network for Advancement of Transfusion Alternatives to review the evidence on the efficacy and safety of i.v. iron administration to increase haemoglobin levels and reduce blood transfusion in patients undergoing surgery, and to develop a consensus statement on perioperative use of i.v. ...
Chase A J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Bleeding and transfusion after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are known predictors of mortality. Transradial arterial access reduces bleeding and transfusion related to femoral access complications, although its association with mortality is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of arterial access site (radial or femoral) with transfusion and mortality in ...
MacIver Robroy H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Some centres have proposed creating the bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis without cardiopulmonary bypass, while others continue to use deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the results of using continuous cardiopulmonary bypass with moderate hypothermia, perhaps the most commonly used of the three techniques for ...
Liu Cun-Ming - - 2008
AIM: To study the effect of aprotinin used in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) on the intraoperative requirement for blood products and on the incidence of laparotomy for bleeding, thrombotic events and mortality. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature in the electronic database Medline and the Clinic Trials Registry Database ...
Trowbridge Cody - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine which factors impact the ability to perform autologous priming (AP) of the extracorporeal circuit. Second, the effects of differential AP on transfusion and volume requirements were evaluated. After institutional review board approval, demographic, operative, volumetric, and transfusion data were prospectively collected on ...
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