Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1437
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Koenig Judith B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of a chemiluminescent endotoxin activity assay in horses with colic and healthy horses. ANIMALS: 20 horses with colic and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS group), 8 horses with colic with no SIRS (NSIRS group), and 20 healthy horses. PROCEDURES: Venous blood was collected into EDTA ...
TAMAYO E - - 2009
AIM: Cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with a complex systemic inflammatory response and the extent of their increase has been correlated with the development of postoperative complications. Recent studies suggest that treatment with statins is associated with a significant and marked decrease in inflammation-associated variables such as cytokines. Therefore, we investigated ...
Stamou Sotiris C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Aprotinin is the only Food and Drug Administration-approved agent to reduce haemorrhage related to cardiac surgery and its safety and efficacy has been extensively studied. Our study sought to compare the efficacy, early and late mortality and major morbidity associated with aprotinin compared with e-aminocaproic acid (EACA) in cardiac ...
Kawahara Y - - 2010
Sivelestat sodium hydrate (Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Osaka, Japan) is a selective inhibitor of neutrophil elastase (NE) and is effective in reducing acute lung injury associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). We conducted a prospective randomized controlled study to investigate the efficacy of perioperative administration of sivelestat sodium hydrate to ...
Ramlawi Basel B Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, Columbia University, New York, New York, - - 2009
Aprotinin was the subject of recent controversy regarding adverse clinical outcomes following cardiac surgery. We compared the role of Aprotinin and epsilon-aminocaproic acid on clinical outcomes and the attenuation of the postcardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) response at the genomic expression and cytokine (protein) level. Thirty-nine low-risk patients undergoing coronary revascularization (CABG) ...
Mentes Oner - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we investigated D-dimer serum level as a diagnostic parameter for acute appendicitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-nine patients were enrolled in the study. Patients were classified according to age; sex; duration between the beginning of pain and referral to a hospital or clinic; Alvarado scores; and in ...
Tang Q F - - 2009
This prospective, randomized controlled study evaluated the effects of acute hypervolaemic haemodilution (AHH) on the expression of plasma interferon-inducible protein-10 (IP-10) and bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI) in patients undergoing elective total hip replacement. Twenty patients were randomized to receive an infusion of either hydroxyethyl starch (HES group) or lactated Ringer's solution ...
Saringcarinkul Ananchanok - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of dextrose containing solution (5% dextrose in 0.45% NaCl) compared to non-dextrose containing solution (lactated Ringer's solution) on plasma glucose level in elective surgical patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A prospective randomized double-blind control trial was conducted on 60 patients aged 18-60, with ASA physical status ...
Bonk Ryan - - 2009
Soluble fibrin monomer complexes (SFMCs) are precursors of fibrin polymer formation. Laboratory tests can be used to detect SFMCs in plasma. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a positive SFMC test is associated with pre-operative, intra-operative, and post-operative variables for patients that have undergone cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). ...
Marcoux J - - 2009
Attenuated inflammatory response and decreased platelet activation have been claimed repeatedly when biocompatible circuits are used for cardiopulmonary bypass. We evaluated five Health Canada approved biocompatible circuit coatings (BCC) against an un-coated control group to determine their effectiveness in improving post-operative outcomes. Patients were assigned to the Control group or ...
Berenholtz Sean M - - 2009
: Randomized, placebo-controlled trial. : To evaluate the efficacy of epsilon aminocaproic acid (EACA) to reduce the number of red-cell (RBC) transfusions in adult patients undergoing major spinal surgery. : Reconstructive spinal surgery is associated with significant blood loss. The number of studies evaluating the efficacy of EACA in adult ...
Gunaydin Serdar S Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Kirikkale, Kirikkale, Turkey. - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical outcome, inflammatory response and myocardial function in high-risk patients undergoing three different leukocyte depletion strategies. Over a four-month period, forty patients (EuroSCORE 6+) undergoing coronary revascularization were prospectively randomized to one of the four perfusion protocols: Group 1 (N=10): Conventional ...
Nicolau-Raducu Ramona - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of high-dose tranexamic acid (TA) compared with aprotinin in patients who underwent thoracic aortic surgery with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA). DESIGN: A retrospective study. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-four patients underwent thoracic aortic surgery with DHCA arrest between July 2006 and ...
Sasaki Hideki - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (SCP) has been widely used during complex congenital heart surgery and theoretically affords some degree of neuroprotection. There are limited data to support this claim, however. This study was designed to compare, at profound hypothermia, continuous cardiopulmonary bypass, SCP and circulatory arrest in a survival ...
Liu Ruifang - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although adenosine (ADO) has been shown to have beneficial effects against tissue injury after myocardial ischaemia, the controversy still remains regarding the optimal timing, dose, temperature, method of ADO administration and duration of exposure to the drug. This study investigates the cardioprotective effect of exogenous ADO pretreatment as an ...
Engel J M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery with an extracorporeal circulation cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is characterized by an oxidative stress response. Glutathione (GSH) belongs to the major antioxidative defense. In metabolic stress, glutamine (GLN) may be the rate-limiting factor of GSH synthesis. Decreased GLN plasma levels were observed after various critical states. We evaluated, ...
Bell Timothy H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the use of low molecular weight heparins such as dalteparin has become attractive because of their ease of administration and superiority in preventing venous thromboembolism (VTE) compared with traditional agents. The primary purpose of our study was to evaluate the impact of dalteparin use on blood ...
Choi Y S - - 2009
This study evaluated the effect of oral triiodothyronine (T(3)) replacement therapy, starting on the day of the surgery, on thyroid hormone concentrations and clinical outcome in high-risk patients undergoing valvular heart surgery. Fifty patients were randomly allocated to either T(3) or placebo. In the treatment (T(3)) group patients received 20 ...
Benedetto Umberto - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most important complications after on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Miniaturized cardiopulmonary bypass (mini-CPB) systems have been developed to allow the ease of on-pump surgery but tempering the disadvantages. Whether mini-CPB reduces the incidence of AKI remains to be determined. ...
Rahman Ali - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) leads to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). In vitro studies showed that amiodarone blocked cytokine production. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intra-operative amiodarone loading on SIRS. METHODS: This prospective randomized study included 24 patients who underwent on-pump coronary artery surgery. ...
Ooi Joanna Su Min - - 2009
The aim of this study was to compare 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 with 4% succinylated gelatin for priming the cardiopulmonary bypass circuit and as volume replacement in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass, in terms of postoperative bleeding, blood transfusion requirements, renal function, and outcome after surgery. Forty-five patients received 6% ...
Nilsson Ulrica - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate the effect of bed rest with music on relaxation for patients who have undergone heart surgery on postoperative day one. BACKGROUND: Music intervention has been evaluated as an appropriate nursing intervention to reduce patients 'pain, stress and anxiety levels in several clinical settings, but its effectiveness in ...
Allibhai Taslim - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare protein profiles of cerebrospinal fluid between control animals and those subjected to cardiopulmonary bypass after moderate versus deep hypothermic circulatory arrest with selective cerebral perfusion. METHODS: Immature Yorkshire piglets were assigned to one of four study groups: (1) deep hypothermic circulatory arrest at 18 ...
Firanescu Cristina E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The optimal timing for discontinuation of clopidogrel before surgery remains under debate. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of preoperative clopidogrel administration on postoperative blood loss and the total requirements of homologous blood products after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We also evaluated the perioperative ...
Colli Andrea - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and the clinical outcomes of aortic valve replacement (AVR) performed with minimally invasive extracorporeal circulation (miniECC) technique vs. standard cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). From February 2006 to December 2007 a total of 181 isolated AVR were performed, of these 53 patients ...
Sohn N - - 2009
This study was to compare the impact of different biocompatible coated circuits on inflammatory response and oxidative stress induced during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Seventy-eight patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with CPB were randomly assigned to five groups with different biocompatible coated circuits: Trillium, Bioline, Phosphorylcholine, Polymethoxyethyl acrylate ...
Nyman J - - 2009
Twenty (20) CPB-circuits were randomized to a CO(2) group or a control group. In the CO( 2) group, each circuit was flushed with CO(2) (10L/min) at the top of the venous reservoir for 5 minutes, after which priming fluid was added without interruption of the CO(2) inflow. Control group circuits ...
Demir Tolga - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cerebral injury is a well-known complication after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), especially in adult patients. Specific biochemical markers like neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S-100beta protein were developed previously for early detecting neuronal damage after CPB. Corticosteroids are shown to reduce multisystemic deleterious effects of cardiopulmonary bypass due ...
Luciani Remo - - 2009
Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with a systemic inflammatory response syndrome. The major clinical features of this include a reduction of pulmonary compliance and increased extracellular fluids, with increased pulmonary shunt fraction similar to acute respiratory distress syndrome, thus resulting in prolonged mechanical ventilation time (VAM) and intensive ...
Au Brigham K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Large-volume blood transfusions have been implicated in the development of hyperkalemia. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether critically injured patients receiving massive transfusions are at an increased risk of hyperkalemia. METHODS: Massive transfusion (MT) cohort, all trauma patients (02/2004-01/2008) taken directly to the OR and ...
Garc??a-Erce J A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anaemia is a major risk factor for allogeneic blood transfusion (ABT) in patients undergoing hip fracture repair. We investigated the efficacy of preoperative recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) administration for reducing ABT requirements in a series of consecutive hip fracture patients presenting with haemoglobin (Hb) between 10 g/dl and ...
Shander Aryeh - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Transfusion rates remain high in cardiac and orthopedic surgery and differ widely across physician practices in spite of growing knowledge that allogeneic blood transfusion (ABT) is associated with a risk of postoperative infection. METHODS: This prospective observational study compared the timing and incidence of ABT-associated postoperative infections (PIs) in ...
Lisbôa Raquel S - - 2009
This study reports the experimental transmission of Borrelia anserina to domestic chickens by infected Argas (Persicargas) miniatus. Clinical alterations as well as prepatent and patent periods were evaluated. Twenty-seven 67-day-old birds were divided into three groups in a randomized experimental design. The first group was exposed to ticks infected with ...
Qi Zhen-xi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To probe into the mechanism of Chinese drugs for promoting blood circulation and eliminating blood stasis in the prevention and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced ischemic necrosis of femoral head. METHODS: Thirty New Zealand adult white rabbits were randomly divided into a normal control group (n=5) and a model group (n=25). ...
Surgenor Stephen D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Exposure to red blood cell (RBC) transfusions has been associated with increased mortality after cardiac surgery. We examined long-term survival for cardiac surgical patients who received one or two RBC units during index hospitalization. METHODS: Nine thousand seventy-nine consecutive patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft, valve, or coronary artery ...
Dente Christopher J - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Transfusion practices across the country are changing with aggressive use of plasma (fresh-frozen plasma [FFP]) and platelets during massive transfusion with current military recommendations to use component therapy at a 1:1:1 ratio of packed red blood cells to FFP to platelets. METHODS: A massive transfusion protocol (MTP) was designed ...
Kiliç D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The powerful precept of preoperative risk assessment has been applied to compare the efficacy of leukofiltration techniques for high-risk cohorts with the documentation of broad indicators of systemic inflammation. METHODS: Forty high risk patients were prospectively assigned to four perfusion protocols; the first group (n=10): Polyethyleneoxide (PEO) based heparin ...
Hecht-Dolnik Marketa - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Hetastarch is an artificial colloid widely used intraoperatively in fluid-replacement regimens. Previous studies have found that the intraoperative administration of hetastarch may increase the risk of postoperative bleeding in patients who undergo coronary artery bypass graft surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Previous published reports have not examined this risk in ...
Wang Xianqiang - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Use of aprotinin has been suspended in cardiac surgery since recent studies reported its risks associated with mortality and other adverse events. This study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of aprotinin through a comparison before and after aprotinin was suspended in cardiac surgery. METHODS: We designed a ...
Shahian Mozhgan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of intravenous administration of human albumin prior to blood exchange in term neonates for reduction of total serum bilirubin (TSB). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Neonatal Unit of Nemazee Hospital, affiliated with Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, southern Iran. PATIENTS: Fifty out-born term neonates with ...
Mehraien A - - 2009
We evaluate the effect of topical application of aprotinin to the heart, pericardia and mediastinum before sternal closure, on early post operative bleeding, blood transfusion requirement and ICU staying time after coronary artery bypass graft surgeries. In a randomized double blinded clinical trial, 128 patients who were scheduled for elective ...
Modan-Moses Dalit - - 2009
PURPOSE: Leptin and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are inversely correlated and associated with decreased survival in critically ill patients. We investigated changes in leptin, IL-6, and troponin in children undergoing open-heart surgery, hypothesizing that IL-6 and troponin will increase after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and will be negatively correlated with leptin. PATIENTS AND ...
Raga Francisco - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hemostatic efficacy and handling of gelatin-thrombin matrix in abdominal myomectomy. DESIGN: Prospective and randomized trial. SETTING: University teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): Women (n = 50) with uterine fibroids with a uterine size equivalent to > or =16 weeks gestation. INTERVENTION(S): Gelatin-thrombin matrix (FloSeal Matrix; Baxter Healthcare Corp., ...
Turner Jeff M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There are scant data regarding the relative efficacy of exchange transfusion (XC) versus simple transfusion (ST) for treatment of sickle cell anemia acute chest syndrome (ACS). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty patients who received XC for ACS were compared with 20 ST patients. Hemoglobin (Hb) levels, platelet and white ...
Weis Florian - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Severe systemic inflammation (systemic inflammatory response syndrome) associated with cardiac surgery often leads to a worse short-term and long-term outcome. Stress doses of hydrocortisone have been successfully used to improve outcome of CS. The interleukin (IL)-6 to IL-10 ratio is associated with outcome after trauma and major surgery. OBJECTIVE: ...
Zhao Ju - - 2009
The benefits of pulsatile over nonpulsatile perfusion has been widely debated in pediatric cardiac operations with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). To evaluate the role of pulsatile perfusion in pediatric complicated patients with congenital heart disease undergoing open heart surgery, we performed pulsatile CPB and compared several effects with nonpulsatile perfusion. Pediatric ...
Lenoir Brigitte - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to generate a score based on preoperative characteristics and predictive of the individual probability of allogeneic erythrocyte transfusion in patients undergoing elective thoracolumbar spine surgery. METHODS: Two hundred thirty consecutive patients were retrospectively included over a 15-month period (derivation set). Preoperative independent predictors ...
Zamani Farhad - - 2009
Major thalassemia is one of the most common hemoglobinopathies in many Asian countries including Iran. Pharmacologic agents such as hydroxyurea have been known to enhance the production of fetal hemoglobin, and also an increase in total hemoglobin level has been repeatedly reported during hydroxyurea treatment in patients with sickle cell ...
Leal-Noval Santiago R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Both surgical insult and red blood cell transfusion (RBCT) induce alterations in type-1/type-2, CD4T-helper cell balance. This study was aimed to determine the influence of RBCT on Th1 and Th2 function immune response in cardiac surgery patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three blood samples were prospectively drawn from 81 cardiac ...
Daryapeyma A - - 2009
The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the clinical utility of quantitative CD64 measurements to differentiate between systemic inflammation in response to surgical trauma and postoperative bacterial infection. In a consecutive series of 153 patients undergoing elective vascular surgery, peripheral venous blood samples were taken preoperatively on admission ...
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