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Calcaterra D - - 2009
Hypothermia has been used for decades in cardiac surgery to limit the ischemic insult to the heart. With the diffusion of off-pump coronary artery surgery, the practice of arresting and cooling the heart has been abandoned. At University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, we tested a new warming device ...
Capcarov? Marcela - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), total antioxidant status (TAS) and release of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, total lipids, totals proteins, glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides by porcine ovarian granulosa cells cultured in vitro after lead acetate administration. The parameters were analyzed ...
Wang Jieh-Neng - - 2009
Intrapleural fibrinolytic therapy (IFT) provides clinical benefit in the treatment of complicated pleural parapneumonic effusion (CPE). Whether IFT influences the proinflammatory cytokines production and fibrinlytic activity is currently unclear. Therefore, we collected pleural effusion samples from CPE patients with IFT (study group) and patients without IFT (control group). A membrane ...
Boldt Joachim - - 2009
The optimal priming solution for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is unclear. In this study, we evaluated the influence of high-volume priming with a modern balanced hydroxyethyl starch (HES) preparation on coagulation, inflammation, and organ function compared with an albumin-based CPB priming regimen. In 50 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting, the ...
Kakar P N - - 2009
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is generally carried out using a tourniquet and blood loss occurring mainly post operatively is collected in drains. Tranexamic acid is an antifibrinolytic agent which decreases the total blood loss. Patients had unilateral / bilateral cemented TKA using combined spinal and epidural anaesthesia. In a double-blind ...
Grobmyer Stephen R SR Departments of Surgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. - - 2009
Strategies to reduce red blood transfusion utilization in cancer patients undergoing operation are needed. Postoperative epoetin alfa (40,000 units subcutaneous on postoperative days 1 and 7) is associated with improved hematologic parameters in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery for malignancy. Prospective, blinded, randomized trial of epoetin alfa (40,000 units subcutaneous ...
S?mpelmann Robert - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: A balanced volume replacement strategy is a well established concept for correcting hypovolemia using plasma adapted isotonic crystalloid solutions with a physiological electrolyte pattern and acetate as bicarbonate precursor. Recently, third-generation hydroxyethyl starch (HES) has also become available in a balanced electrolyte solution instead of normal saline. Therefore, in ...
Anielski Ryszard - - 2010
Determining the optimum algorithm for diagnostic procedure in suspected acute appendicitis (AA) may not only reduce the number of unnecessary operations, but also the frequency of complications, and may contribute measurably to reducing the costs of treating patients with acute abdominal conditions. The aim of the study was to assess ...
Jirarattanasopa Varangkanar - - 2009
Thalassemia is a group of inherited diseases with a defect in the synthesis of hemoglobin. Severe thalassemic subjects suffer from craniofacial deformities and malocclusion due to bone marrow hyperplasia compensating for ineffective erythropoiesis. Blood transfusions are used to maintain life and reduce complications. The transfusions may have benefits in reducing ...
Gunaydin Serdar - - 2009
PURPOSE: This prospective, randomized study compared the clinical performance of three types of circuits: a newly introduced, fully-coated, interchangeable open-closed circuit with a dual configuration (hard shell with a bypass shunt), reduced length, and reduced prime of less than 800 cc (CondECC); a completely coated circuit (ECC); and a similar ...
Senay Sahin - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Low hematocrit level and transfusion may coexist during cardiopulmonary bypass and the actual impact of one on the outcome parameters may be counfounded or masked by the other. This study aims to determine the impact of the lowest hematocrit level during cardiopulmonary bypass on outcome parameters in ...
Strouch Zaneta Y - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a single institution's changing use of aprotinin and subsequent effects on intraoperative blood product utilization (red blood cells/fresh frozen plasma) and postoperative clinical bleeding requiring reoperation. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Single university institution (University of Chicago). MEASUREMENTS: Data from 499 adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery requiring cardiopulmonary ...
Svitek Vladimir - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Current research is engaged in innovative technologies of extracorporeal circulation (ECC) systems in an effort to eliminate negative effects. Some studies have shown that, due to the complexity of technical settings of mini-ECC, they invoke a weaker immune response compared to classic ECC. The clinical benefits of using these ...
Tao Zhang - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a new ultrafiltration technique - subzero-balanced ultrafiltration technique - on early postoperative outcomes of adult patients undergoing cardiac operations with cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: A total of 120 patients who required cardiopulmonary bypass for cardiac surgery were randomized into two groups, 60 in each group. ...
Kvalheim V L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Peri-operative fluid accumulation resulting in myocardial and pulmonary tissue edema is one possible mechanism behind post-operative cardiopulmonary dysfunction. This study aimed to confirm an improvement of cardiopulmonary function by reducing fluid loading during an open-heart surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-nine elective CABG patients were randomized to an intraoperative infusion ...
Hasija Suruchi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of continuation versus discontinuation of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor ramipril and assess the efficacy of prophylactic vasopressin infusion on hemodynamic stability and vasoactive drug requirements in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, ...
Badreldin Akmal - - 2010
The effect of antiplatelet therapy (APT) on postoperative bleeding, transfusion needs and re-exploration remains unclear. This study examines the influence of APT, as well as antiplatelet mono- and combined therapy, on haemorrhage and transfusion requirements in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Six hundred and fifty patients ...
El-Tahan Mohamed R - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The use of continuous ultrafiltration may be effective in preventing the hepatic decompensation in cirrhotic patients after valvular heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The authors aimed to evaluate the effects of continuous ultrafiltration on the need for blood transfusion, liver function tests, duration of postoperative ventilatory support, and ...
Koenig Judith B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of a chemiluminescent endotoxin activity assay in horses with colic and healthy horses. ANIMALS: 20 horses with colic and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS group), 8 horses with colic with no SIRS (NSIRS group), and 20 healthy horses. PROCEDURES: Venous blood was collected into EDTA ...
TAMAYO E - - 2009
AIM: Cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with a complex systemic inflammatory response and the extent of their increase has been correlated with the development of postoperative complications. Recent studies suggest that treatment with statins is associated with a significant and marked decrease in inflammation-associated variables such as cytokines. Therefore, we investigated ...
Stamou Sotiris C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Aprotinin is the only Food and Drug Administration-approved agent to reduce haemorrhage related to cardiac surgery and its safety and efficacy has been extensively studied. Our study sought to compare the efficacy, early and late mortality and major morbidity associated with aprotinin compared with e-aminocaproic acid (EACA) in cardiac ...
Kawahara Y - - 2010
Sivelestat sodium hydrate (Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Osaka, Japan) is a selective inhibitor of neutrophil elastase (NE) and is effective in reducing acute lung injury associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). We conducted a prospective randomized controlled study to investigate the efficacy of perioperative administration of sivelestat sodium hydrate to ...
Ramlawi Basel - - 2009
Aprotinin was the subject of recent controversy regarding adverse clinical outcomes following cardiac surgery. We compared the role of Aprotinin and epsilon-aminocaproic acid on clinical outcomes and the attenuation of the postcardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) response at the genomic expression and cytokine (protein) level. Thirty-nine low-risk patients undergoing coronary revascularization (CABG) ...
Mentes Oner - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we investigated D-dimer serum level as a diagnostic parameter for acute appendicitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-nine patients were enrolled in the study. Patients were classified according to age; sex; duration between the beginning of pain and referral to a hospital or clinic; Alvarado scores; and in ...
Tang Q F - - 2009
This prospective, randomized controlled study evaluated the effects of acute hypervolaemic haemodilution (AHH) on the expression of plasma interferon-inducible protein-10 (IP-10) and bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI) in patients undergoing elective total hip replacement. Twenty patients were randomized to receive an infusion of either hydroxyethyl starch (HES group) or lactated Ringer's solution ...
Saringcarinkul Ananchanok - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of dextrose containing solution (5% dextrose in 0.45% NaCl) compared to non-dextrose containing solution (lactated Ringer's solution) on plasma glucose level in elective surgical patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A prospective randomized double-blind control trial was conducted on 60 patients aged 18-60, with ASA physical status ...
Bonk Ryan - - 2009
Soluble fibrin monomer complexes (SFMCs) are precursors of fibrin polymer formation. Laboratory tests can be used to detect SFMCs in plasma. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a positive SFMC test is associated with pre-operative, intra-operative, and post-operative variables for patients that have undergone cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). ...
Marcoux J - - 2009
Attenuated inflammatory response and decreased platelet activation have been claimed repeatedly when biocompatible circuits are used for cardiopulmonary bypass. We evaluated five Health Canada approved biocompatible circuit coatings (BCC) against an un-coated control group to determine their effectiveness in improving post-operative outcomes. Patients were assigned to the Control group or ...
Berenholtz Sean M - - 2009
: Randomized, placebo-controlled trial. : To evaluate the efficacy of epsilon aminocaproic acid (EACA) to reduce the number of red-cell (RBC) transfusions in adult patients undergoing major spinal surgery. : Reconstructive spinal surgery is associated with significant blood loss. The number of studies evaluating the efficacy of EACA in adult ...
Gunaydin Serdar S Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Kirikkale, Kirikkale, Turkey. - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical outcome, inflammatory response and myocardial function in high-risk patients undergoing three different leukocyte depletion strategies. Over a four-month period, forty patients (EuroSCORE 6+) undergoing coronary revascularization were prospectively randomized to one of the four perfusion protocols: Group 1 (N=10): Conventional ...
Nicolau-Raducu Ramona - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of high-dose tranexamic acid (TA) compared with aprotinin in patients who underwent thoracic aortic surgery with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA). DESIGN: A retrospective study. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-four patients underwent thoracic aortic surgery with DHCA arrest between July 2006 and ...
Sasaki Hideki - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (SCP) has been widely used during complex congenital heart surgery and theoretically affords some degree of neuroprotection. There are limited data to support this claim, however. This study was designed to compare, at profound hypothermia, continuous cardiopulmonary bypass, SCP and circulatory arrest in a survival ...
Liu Ruifang - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although adenosine (ADO) has been shown to have beneficial effects against tissue injury after myocardial ischaemia, the controversy still remains regarding the optimal timing, dose, temperature, method of ADO administration and duration of exposure to the drug. This study investigates the cardioprotective effect of exogenous ADO pretreatment as an ...
Engel J M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery with an extracorporeal circulation cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is characterized by an oxidative stress response. Glutathione (GSH) belongs to the major antioxidative defense. In metabolic stress, glutamine (GLN) may be the rate-limiting factor of GSH synthesis. Decreased GLN plasma levels were observed after various critical states. We evaluated, ...
Bell Timothy H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the use of low molecular weight heparins such as dalteparin has become attractive because of their ease of administration and superiority in preventing venous thromboembolism (VTE) compared with traditional agents. The primary purpose of our study was to evaluate the impact of dalteparin use on blood ...
Choi Y S - - 2009
This study evaluated the effect of oral triiodothyronine (T(3)) replacement therapy, starting on the day of the surgery, on thyroid hormone concentrations and clinical outcome in high-risk patients undergoing valvular heart surgery. Fifty patients were randomly allocated to either T(3) or placebo. In the treatment (T(3)) group patients received 20 ...
Benedetto Umberto - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most important complications after on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Miniaturized cardiopulmonary bypass (mini-CPB) systems have been developed to allow the ease of on-pump surgery but tempering the disadvantages. Whether mini-CPB reduces the incidence of AKI remains to be determined. ...
Rahman Ali - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) leads to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). In vitro studies showed that amiodarone blocked cytokine production. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intra-operative amiodarone loading on SIRS. METHODS: This prospective randomized study included 24 patients who underwent on-pump coronary artery surgery. ...
Ooi Joanna Su Min - - 2009
The aim of this study was to compare 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 with 4% succinylated gelatin for priming the cardiopulmonary bypass circuit and as volume replacement in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass, in terms of postoperative bleeding, blood transfusion requirements, renal function, and outcome after surgery. Forty-five patients received 6% ...
Nilsson Ulrica - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate the effect of bed rest with music on relaxation for patients who have undergone heart surgery on postoperative day one. BACKGROUND: Music intervention has been evaluated as an appropriate nursing intervention to reduce patients 'pain, stress and anxiety levels in several clinical settings, but its effectiveness in ...
Allibhai Taslim - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare protein profiles of cerebrospinal fluid between control animals and those subjected to cardiopulmonary bypass after moderate versus deep hypothermic circulatory arrest with selective cerebral perfusion. METHODS: Immature Yorkshire piglets were assigned to one of four study groups: (1) deep hypothermic circulatory arrest at 18 ...
Firanescu Cristina E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The optimal timing for discontinuation of clopidogrel before surgery remains under debate. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of preoperative clopidogrel administration on postoperative blood loss and the total requirements of homologous blood products after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We also evaluated the perioperative ...
Colli Andrea - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and the clinical outcomes of aortic valve replacement (AVR) performed with minimally invasive extracorporeal circulation (miniECC) technique vs. standard cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). From February 2006 to December 2007 a total of 181 isolated AVR were performed, of these 53 patients ...
Sohn N - - 2009
This study was to compare the impact of different biocompatible coated circuits on inflammatory response and oxidative stress induced during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Seventy-eight patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with CPB were randomly assigned to five groups with different biocompatible coated circuits: Trillium, Bioline, Phosphorylcholine, Polymethoxyethyl acrylate ...
Nyman J - - 2009
Twenty (20) CPB-circuits were randomized to a CO(2) group or a control group. In the CO( 2) group, each circuit was flushed with CO(2) (10L/min) at the top of the venous reservoir for 5 minutes, after which priming fluid was added without interruption of the CO(2) inflow. Control group circuits ...
Demir Tolga - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cerebral injury is a well-known complication after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), especially in adult patients. Specific biochemical markers like neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S-100beta protein were developed previously for early detecting neuronal damage after CPB. Corticosteroids are shown to reduce multisystemic deleterious effects of cardiopulmonary bypass due ...
Luciani Remo - - 2009
Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with a systemic inflammatory response syndrome. The major clinical features of this include a reduction of pulmonary compliance and increased extracellular fluids, with increased pulmonary shunt fraction similar to acute respiratory distress syndrome, thus resulting in prolonged mechanical ventilation time (VAM) and intensive ...
Au Brigham K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Large-volume blood transfusions have been implicated in the development of hyperkalemia. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether critically injured patients receiving massive transfusions are at an increased risk of hyperkalemia. METHODS: Massive transfusion (MT) cohort, all trauma patients (02/2004-01/2008) taken directly to the OR and ...
Garc??a-Erce J A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anaemia is a major risk factor for allogeneic blood transfusion (ABT) in patients undergoing hip fracture repair. We investigated the efficacy of preoperative recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) administration for reducing ABT requirements in a series of consecutive hip fracture patients presenting with haemoglobin (Hb) between 10 g/dl and ...
Shander Aryeh - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Transfusion rates remain high in cardiac and orthopedic surgery and differ widely across physician practices in spite of growing knowledge that allogeneic blood transfusion (ABT) is associated with a risk of postoperative infection. METHODS: This prospective observational study compared the timing and incidence of ABT-associated postoperative infections (PIs) in ...
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