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Results 151 - 200 of 1403
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Ovrum Eivind - - 2011
Heparin coating of cardiopulmonary bypass circuits reduces the inflammatory response and increases the thromboresistance during extracorporeal circulation. These properties enables a lower systemic heparin dose, which has been shown to reduce the need for blood transfusions. Experience with this technique accumulated over 11 years has been analyzed. All patients underwent ...
Forget Patrice - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Dynamic variables predict fluid responsiveness and may improve fluid management during surgery. We investigated whether displaying the variability in the pulse oximeter plethysmogram (pleth variability index; PVI) would guide intraoperative fluid management and improve circulation as assessed by lactate levels. METHODS: Eighty-two patients scheduled for major abdominal surgery were ...
Verma Yashwant Singh - - 2010
The objectives of the study were to measure magnesium levels in neonates and infants undergoing arterial switch operation and to ascertain the role of magnesium supplementation in the prevention of postoperative arrhythmias. Group I (n=25): magnesium was administered in the dose of 30 mg/kg over 10 minutes in normal saline (5 ml) immediately ...
Givon-Lavi Noga - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The 7-valent CRM197 pneumococcal conjugated vaccine (PCV7) was originally licensed using 3 primary doses during infancy and a booster in the second year of life. We compared the originally licensed regimen to 2 widely used alternative regimens. METHODS: Five hundred forty-three infants were randomized to receive PCV7 at 2, ...
Peng Zhang - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of pulse high-volume hemofiltration (PHVHF) in patients with severe sepsis. Twenty-two patients with severe sepsis admitted to XiJing hospital between January 2009 and January 2010 were included in the present study. Patients were randomly divided into the control group (conventional ...
Darwish Atef M AM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Woman's Health University Hospital, Assiut, Egypt. - - 2010
To estimate the effect of 0.9% saline during bipolar resectoscopy and 1.5% glycine during monopolar resectoscopy on hemodynamic, biochemical and hematological parameters. A prospective randomized study in a tertiary care university hospital and comprising of 155 patients scheduled for hysteroscopic myomectomy. They were subjected to bipolar resectoscopic myomectomy utilizing 0.9% ...
Kücükakin B - - 2010
A possible mechanism underlying cardiovascular morbidity after major vascular surgery may be the perioperative ischaemia-reperfusion with excessive oxygen-derived free-radical production and increased levels of circulating inflammatory mediators. We examined the effect of melatonin infusion during surgery and oral melatonin treatment for 3 days after surgery on biochemical markers of oxidative ...
Hayashi Hironobu - - 2010
Data on intraocular pressure (IOP) during cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and anesthetic management are limited. This study was conducted to investigate changes in IOP during cardiac surgery with and without CPB. IOP was intraoperatively measured in patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery with (n = 35) or without (n = 11) CPB. Measurements ...
Groenenberg Ingrid - - 2010
Cardiopulmonary bypass procedures remain complex, involving many potential risks. Therefore, a nationwide retrospective study was conducted to gain insight into the number of incidents and accidents in Dutch adult perfusion practice. An anonymous postal survey (85 questions about hardware, disposables, fluids and medication, air emboli, anticoagulation, practice, and safety measures) ...
Lund Philip E - - 2010
Antithrombin concentrate (AT) is used to treat heparin resistance (HR) in cardiac surgery. It is usually given slowly due to the fear of anaphylaxis. This may delay cardiac catheterisation and the start of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). HR is often defined as the failure to reach or maintain a target activated ...
Sato Jun - - 2010
The aim of this study was to elucidate changes in interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels in whole saliva during the treatment of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Twenty-nine consecutive inpatients with OSCC were enrolled. Stimulated saliva was collected just after hospitalization (period 1), just before main treatment (surgery in 26 ...
Kobayashi Yasuhiko - - 2010
Since 2005, we have used a novel technique based on the closed cardiopulmonary bypass system without cardiotomy suction (minimal cardiopulmonary bypass [mini-CPB]) for aortic valve replacement (AVR). In this study, we investigated the clinical advantages of this approach. We prospectively studied 32 patients who underwent isolated AVR using the mini-CPB ...
Borgen Pål O - - 2010
Chemical thromboprophylaxis in total hip arthroplasty (THA) may increase surgical site bleeding. The drug dose and timing of such therapy is therefore important. We studied two cohorts of 298 and 301 patients undergoing THA. The first group received their first dose of dalteparin sodium 5000 IU subcutaneously the evening before ...
Simmons John W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are used to keep providers up-to-date with the most recent literature and to guide in decision making. Adherence is typically improved although many have a muted impact. In March 2006, the US Army issued a damage control resuscitation CPG, encouraging 1:1 plasma:red blood cell (RBC) ...
Pasquali Sara K - - 2010
Aprotinin was used frequently in children undergoing congenital heart operations with the aim of reducing bleeding, until it was taken off the market after adult studies reported increased renal failure and death. We evaluated the safety of aprotinin in a large multicenter cohort of children undergoing congenital heart operations. The ...
Chowdhury Ujjwal K - - 2010
This study was designed to elucidate the trends in cerebral venous oxygen saturation in cyanotics and acyanotics undergoing normothermic and hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and its relationship to perfusion flow rates. Five hundred and forty-eight patients (253 cyanotics) undergoing first surgical correction using CPB were included in this prospective study. ...
Saeki Hiroshi - - 2010
PURPOSE: Prediction of the postoperative course of esophagectomy is an important part of the strict perioperative management of patients undergoing surgery for esophageal cancer. METHODS: To evaluate their clinical importance, peripheral blood values, including white blood cell count (WBC), lymphocyte count, and the levels of total protein, transferrin, factor XIII, ...
Park Sophie - - 2010
ESAs are increasingly used to treat anemia of lower risk MDS, even before RBC transfusion requirement. From a previously published patient cohort treated with ESAs, we selected 112 patients with de novo low or int-1 IPSS MDS with Hb<10 g/dl, serum EPO<500 UI/l and who had never been transfused. Erythroid ...
Hayashi Shigeru - - 2010
The aim of this study is to elucidate the usefulness of plasma D-dimer for the prediction of thrombotic events in highly atherosclerotic patients. The severity of atherosclerosis was measured by non-invasive methods including cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in 100 patients with atherosclerosis aged 72.1 years ...
Hosmane Sharath R - - 2010
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'In patients coming to theatre with an intra aortic balloon pump (IABP), is it better to turn it off or keep it on while on bypass?' Altogether 46 papers were found using ...
Homi H Mayumi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Aprotinin, a nonspecific serine protease inhibitor, has been used to decrease bleeding and reduce the systemic inflammatory response after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Studies have variably linked aprotinin administration with both improved as well as adverse cerebral consequences after cardiac surgery. We designed this study to determine whether an antiinflammatory ...
Senay Sahin - - 2010
This study evaluates the efficiency of prophylactic tranexamic acid in coronary bypass surgery with respect to preoperative clopidogrel use. We analyzed data for 3754 consecutive patients who underwent isolated coronary bypass surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass between January 1999 and August 2008. The patients were placed into 4 groups according to ...
Boldt Joachim - - 2010
Balanced fluids appear to be have advantages over unbalanced fluids for correcting hypovolemia. The effects of a new balanced hydroxyethyl starch (HES) were studied in cardiac surgery patients. Prospective, randomized, unblinded study. Clinical study in a single cardiac surgery institution. Sixty patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients ...
Adel M - - 2010
Neonatal sepsis is frequently associated with pathological activation of the coagulation system, leading to microcirculatory derangement and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). The key role in the pathogenesis of sepsis has been attributed to proinflammatory cytokines. These trigger the development of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) via the tissue factor-dependent pathway ...
Leeth Dianne - - 2010
ASPAN guidelines for the prevention of unplanned perioperative hypothermia define normothermia as a core temperature between 36 and 38 degrees C and an acceptable level of warmth. Over a six-month period, more than 30% of the same-day surgery patients experienced hypothermic core temperatures on admission to the preoperative unit. The ...
Hsia Tain-Yen - - 2010
After cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), elaboration of cytokines, and subsequent induction of interstitial proteases, such as matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), can result in a complex postoperative course. The serine protease inhibitor, aprotinin, which has been used in congenital heart surgery putatively for modulating fibrinolysis is now unavailable, necessitating the use of lysine ...
Molina Hazan Vered - - 2010
This study aimed to examine the association between lactate levels in the first hours after surgery for congenital heart defects and the results of Risk-Adjusted Classification for Congenital Heart Surgery (RACHS-1) scoring and to evaluate serial lactate levels over time to determine whether they can serve as a supplementary tool ...
Demeyere R - - 2010
Background Fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and prothrombin complex concentrates (PCC) reverse oral anticoagulants. We compared PCC and FFP intraoperative administration in patients undergoing heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Methods Forty patients [with international normalized ratio (INR) >/= 2.1] assigned semi-urgent cardiac surgery were randomized to receive either FFP (n ...
Wang Xianqiang - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent studies demonstrated that aprotinin use would increase the short-term and long-term mortality and complications after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This study was to investigate effects of aprotinin during isolated primary CABG on short-term and long-term outcomes in Chinese patients. METHODS: We studied 5,103 consecutive Chinese patients who ...
Blackwood Jaime - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell transfusions may or may not improve oxygen delivery to the tissues. Some studies suggest transfusion might contribute to adverse outcomes. This study investigated the association between hemoglobin concentration and transfusion with outcome in cyanotic neonates undergoing Norwood operations. METHODS: Infants 6 weeks old or younger with ...
Driscoll David F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: United States Pharmacopeial Chapter <729> places a limit on the percentage of large fat globules >5 microm, expressed as a PFAT5 of <0.05% for all native lipid emulsions. Some adult total nutrient admixtures (TNAs) have also remained below this limit for up to 48 hours. In 2003, medium-chain/long-chain triglyceride ...
Sniecinski Roman M - - 2010
Aprotinin, once used to reduce allogeneic blood product transfusion during cardiac surgery, was withdrawn from the market in late 2007 over concerns of causing increased mortality. This study was undertaken to determine what, if any, the impact of changing antifibrinolytic agents (from aprotinin to tranexamic acid) for deep hypothermic circulatory ...
Mengistu Andinet M - - 2011
Antiplatelet therapy commonly is used for the prevention of cardiovascular complications but increases the risk of perioperative bleeding. Multiple-electrode aggregometry (MEA) was investigated for monitoring platelet inhibition by acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and clopidogrel in patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery with regard to clinical outcome as measured ...
Kazmi Syed Sajid H - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to measure plasma IL 6 and IL 8 in patients with proximal femoral fracture (PFF) during the early phases of trauma and operation and to find out if there was any correlation between these ILs and the post-operative lower limb oedema. MATERIAL AND ...
van Ginhoven Tessa M - - 2011
Lifespan extension is achieved through long-term application of dietary restriction (DR), and benefits of short-term dietary restriction on acute stress and inflammation have been observed. So far, the effects of short-term DR in humans are relatively unknown. We hypothesized that short-term DR in humans reduces the acute phase response following ...
Modan-Moses D - - 2010
Cardiac surgery involving cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) causes a systemic inflammatory process which can lead to multiple organ failure and postoperative morbidity. Recent animal and human studies suggested a possible involvement of leptin in the systemic inflammatory response. To characterize the response of leptin to open heart surgery (OHS) and the ...
De Silva Ravi J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the biochemical effects and safety of selective removal of endotoxin from whole blood using a lipopolysaccharide adsorber during complex cardiac surgery. METHODS: We carried out a single centre prospective randomised controlled pilot trial in patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary ...
Elmahdy Heba - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to examine biochemical, neurophysiologic, anatomic, and clinical changes associated with erythropoietin administration to neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). METHODS: We conducted a prospective case-control study with 45 neonates in 3 groups, a normal healthy group (N = 15), a HIE-erythropoietin group (N = 15; infants with ...
Mell Matthew W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The ratio of red blood cell (PRBC) transfusion to plasma (FFP) transfusion (PRBC:FFP ratio) has been shown to impact survival in trauma patients with massive hemorrhage. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the PRBC:FFP ratio on mortality for patients with massive hemorrhage after ruptured ...
Long Timothy R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Significant changes in perioperative red blood cell (RBC) transfusion practice during the past two decades have been reported but similar data are not available for patients undergoing abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery. METHODS: Adult patients who had undergone primary, elective, open AAA repair were stratified into one of two ...
El Azab S R - - 2010
The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the utilisation of blood products and outcomes following cardiac surgery for 123 Jehovah's Witnesses and 4219 non-Jehovah's Witness patient controls. The study took place over a 7-year period at the Amphia Hospital in Breda, the Netherlands. A specific protocol was used ...
Ranucci M - - 2010
AIM: Fenoldopam mesylate is a short-acting dopamine-1 agonist that has been suggested to be a possible reno-protective agent in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The present study is a prospective, randomized, double-blind placebo controlled trial conducted to determine the effects of fenoldopam in a population of patients undergoing complex cardiac operations. ...
Wang J - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of low-volume zero-balanced ultrafiltration during cardiopulmonary bypass in heart valve replacement surgery. METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind, controlled study carried out in the operating room. Forty patients of ASA grade II-III, elected to undergo heart valve replacement surgery, ...
Hara Masaki - - 2010
The significance of the postoperative serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level as a prognosis indicator was evaluated in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A total of 276 patients who had undergone a curative resection of NSCLC were retrospectively reviewed. The overall and disease-specific survival rates in the postoperative CRP/high ...
Zuppa Antonio Alberto - - 2010
The majority of neonates with Rh-isoimmunization develops late anemia between the second and the sixth week of life. We report the effectiveness of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) in preventing late anemia in 25 intrauterine and nonintrauterine-transfused neonates. The neonates were treated from 11+/-4 days after birth to 26+/-14 days (400 ...
Park Ji Hun - - 2010
Inflammation plays an important role in the postoperative morbidity of organs, which is related to the activation of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Ulinastatin (Urinary trypsin inhibitor, UTI) is a serine protease inhibitor found in human urine or serum that inhibits the activation of human leukocyte elastase. This study examined the ...
Ubee Sarvpreet S - - 2010
We have looked into the clinical and financial benefits of using intra-operative cell salvage (ICS) as a method to reduce the amount of autologous blood transfusion (ABT) requirement for our radical cystectomy (RC) patients. Fifteen consecutive patients undergoing radical cystectomy received cell salvaged blood (ICS), while 15 did not (NCS). ...
Fujii Masahiro - - 2010
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been implicated as a cause of acute lung injury (ALI) in cardiac surgical patients. We used a bronchoscopic microsampling (BMS) probe to examine alveolar biochemical constituents and evaluated the effect of sivelestat sodium hydrate, a novel synthesized polymorphonuclear (PMN) neutrophil elastase inhibitor, on ALI induced by ...
Cahill M R - - 2010
Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob (vCJD) is a fatal transfusion transmissible prion infection. No test for vCJD in the donor population is currently available. Therefore, prion removal by filtration of red cell concentrate (RCC) is an attractive option for prevention. Twenty patients were recruited with ethical permission, to receive clinically necessary transfusion containing ...
Vaughan Paul - - 2010
Assisted venous drainage (AVD) is considered an essential component of the cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit for minimal access aortic valve replacement (mAVR). The rationale/necessity for AVD in every patient has not been fully elucidated. Data from consecutive patients undergoing isolated first-time mAVR by a single surgeon from March 2006 to ...
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