Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1417
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Magovern James A - - 2007
Postoperative inflammatory response is common in heart surgery patients, but less is known about variation in the baseline inflammatory state. This study characterizes the preoperative inflammatory profile in a group of high- and low-risk patients (n = 32; male 16, female 16; mean age, 70.3 +/- 1.8) and relates this ...
Boeken U - - 2008
In order to investigate the effects of tirofiban administration in cardiac surgery all patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) which received this drug preoperatively between 1/2002 and 6/2005 (n=232) were studied. Three groups regarding the perioperative administration of antifibrinolytic drugs were compared: group A=controls (n=70), group B=aprotinin (n=110), group ...
Bert Christophe - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: In addition to blood-sparing effects, aprotinin may have cardioprotective and anti-inflammatory effects during cardiopulmonary bypass-assisted cardiac surgery. In this study, the authors examined whether aprotinin had cardioprotective and/or anti-inflammatory effects in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. DESIGN: A prospective randomized clinical trial. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty ...
Johansson Pär I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Continued hemorrhage remains a major contributor of mortality in massively transfused patients and those who survive have a higher platelet (PLT) count and a shorter prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) than nonsurvivors. It was considered that early substitution with PLTs and fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) would prevent ...
Cothren C Clay - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The current management of pelvic fracture patients who are hemodynamically unstable in the United States consists of aggressive resuscitation, mechanical stabilization, and angioembolization. Despite this multidisciplinary approach, our recent analysis confirms an alarming 40% mortality in these high-risk patients. Therefore, we pursued alternate therapies to improve patient outcomes. European ...
Saxena Sunita - - 2007
CONTEXT: A blood bank can provide compatible blood for an elective surgical procedure, provided a blood sample is received by the laboratory with sufficient time to allow pretransfusion testing and acquire enough compatible red blood cell units. With the push for same-day admission surgical procedures, a patient's pretransfusion blood sample ...
Ouattara Alexandre - - 2007
AIMS: Aspirin combined with clopidogrel is the treatment of choice for acute coronary syndromes. Although the maintenance of aspirin until surgery does not affect postoperative bleeding after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, the latter may be dramatically increased when clopidogrel is continued over a period of 5 days preoperatively. ...
Ndoko Serge K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Cardioprotective properties have been shown with halogenated volatile agents. It was hypothesized that low-dose isoflurane administered before aortic cross-clamping may reduce the amount of dobutamine required to improve impaired postoperative cardiac function after various types of cardiac surgery. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized trial. SETTING: An anesthesia and intensive care ...
Parmar J H - - 2007
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the interaction between the proinflammatory mediator interleukin (IL)-6 and anti-inflammatory mediator IL-10 in ischemia reperfusion injury following peripheral arterial revascularization. METHODS: Three groups of patients were recruited (group 1: femoral angiography alone [n=14]; group 2: radiologically successful ilio/femoral angioplasty [n=10]; and ...
Molloy D O - - 2007
We performed a randomised, controlled trial involving 150 patients with a pre-operative level of haemoglobin of 13.0 g/dl or less, to compare the effect of either topical fibrin spray or intravenous tranexamic acid on blood loss after total knee replacement. A total of 50 patients in the topical fibrin spray ...
Potger Kieron C - - 2007
Blood transfusion rates in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) are typically higher compared with off-pump CABG (OPCAB). However, few studies have specifically examined intraoperative hemodilution as a contributing factor. The aim of this retrospective review was to compare the effect of using CPB or OPCAB ...
Thompson George H - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective evaluation of fibrinogen levels before surgery and after surgery in patients with idiopathic scoliosis undergoing posterior spinal fusion (PSF) and segmental spinal instrumentation (SSI) who received Amicar to decrease perioperative blood loss. OBJECTIVES: To assess a possible association between postoperative fibrinogen levels and Amicar administration. SUMMARY OF ...
Gonca S - - 2007
AIM: The cardioprotective effects of thoracal epidural anesthesia (TEA) are induced by the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (i-NOS) in cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery. When general anaesthesia (GA) is combined with TEA during coronary artery bypass graft, we investigated whether TEA together with ...
Bridgens J P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Revision hip arthroplasty is commonly associated with substantial blood loss and the subsequent need for transfusion. This leads to an increased risk of blood-borne infection and hemolytic reactions. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate whether the use of intraoperative red blood-cell salvage in revision hip arthroplasty reduces ...
Koster Andreas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) heparin-induced thrombocytopenia thrombosis syndrome (HITTS) on- and off-pump safety and efficacy (CHOOSE-ON) trial was designed as a safety and efficacy trial of bivalirudin for use in anticoagulation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in patients with confirmed or suspected HIT and (or) antiplatelet factor 4/heparin ...
Castiglioni Alessandro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and clinical results of aortic valve replacement performed with minimally invasive closed circuit extracorporeal circulation technique (MECC system) versus standard cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Forty consecutive patients undergoing isolated aortic valve replacement at a single institution were randomly assigned to ...
Picker S M - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Bleeding after cardiac surgery correlates with morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of antiplatelet therapy on bleeding and transfusion rates in coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: Forty patients receiving aspirin and/or clopidogrel/ticlopidine within 7 days prior to surgery were retrospectively ...
Bjessmo Staffan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Drainage of blood from the mediastinum and pleura following open cardiac procedures is usually carried out using one or more large-bore plastic chest tubes. Recently small diameter siliastic drains have been reported to evacuate blood with a better patient comfort. The efficacy and safety of different chest tubes have ...
Goudeau Jean-Jacques - - 2007
Previous studies showed that cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was directly associated with a global activation of the inflammatory response, production of oxygen free radicals, and signs of myocardial injury. We therefore evaluated, in the weakest patients, the biological and clinical benefits of a therapeutic optimization of CPB through the combination of ...
Skrak P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Kinetics of activation of newly introduced inflammatory markers is of particular value in their use in postoperative setting after pediatric cardiac surgery. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on activation of inflammatory markers. METHODS: Procalcitonin, neopterin and C-reactive protein (CRP) blood levels were measured before, on ...
Durandy Yves - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To analyze our experience with warm blood cardioplegia in pediatric cardiac surgery. METHODS: We used intermittent (every 15 minutes after initial injection) warm blood cardioplegia in the treatment of 1400 patients. Results were retrospectively compared with those of 950 patients treated with cold blood cardioplegia. The following parameters were ...
Akamoto Shintaro - - 2007
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of the administration of perioperative sivelestat, a selective neutrophil elastase inhibitor, on tumor immunity and inflammatory mediators in patients who undergo major surgery. METHODS: Thirteen patients admitted to the hospital for elective surgery were equally randomized into one of two groups: the Sivelestat group (n ...
Sa Young Jo - - 2007
Acute major pulmonary artery embolism (AMPE) requires rapid diagnosis and early intensive treatment to optimize patient outcomes. Most patients with AMPE and hemodynamic instability need open pulmonary embolectomy (OPE). We modified the technique of OPE to include a minimally invasive procedure without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). From March ...
An Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Because of recent advances in cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery, there are broadened indications to approach patients with a high operative risk. Meanwhile, there is an increasing number of patients with severe liver dysfunction subjected to open-heart surgery. This retrospective study was designed to evaluate the operative indications and clinical ...
Mehr-Aein Aflatoon - - 2007
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of intraoperative autotransfusion and tranexamic acid on postoperative bleeding and the need for allogeneic transfusion. In a prospective randomized study, 200 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass were divided into two groups: 100 patients received 1-2 units of autologous blood after ...
Borrelli Umberto - - 2007
We have introduced a number of modifications to minimize the deleterious effects of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) by reducing the surface of the extracorporeal circulation (ECC), the length of the ECC circuit, the contact surface of the oxygenator, and the volume of priming solution, in addition to employing biocompatible systems and ...
Jimenez Rivera Juan J - - 2007
Excessive bleeding (EB) after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may lead to increased mortality, morbidity, transfusion requirements and re-intervention. Less than 50% of patients undergoing re-intervention exhibit surgical sources of bleeding. We studied clinical and genetic factors associated with EB. We performed a nested case-control study of 26 patients who did not ...
Capraro Leena - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: A policy of universal leukocyte reduction of the blood supply in Finland was implemented at the beginning of 2003. The aim of the present evaluation was to determine the potential role of leukocyte-reduced red blood cells in decreasing postoperative infections. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A major university ...
Phelan Herb A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that leukocytes in donated blood increase mortality and length of hospital stay (LOS) after transfusion. These studies included few trauma patients, however. Many institutions now mandate leukoreduction (LR) of transfusion products, which increases costs by approximately $30/unit. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect ...
Tsiara S N - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis (CIMF) usually present with anaemia. Treatment is often palliative and the majority of patients receive regular red blood cell (RBC) transfusions. Although recombinant human erythropoietin (rhu-EPO) has been proved effective for the treatment of anaemia in several chronic diseases, including haematological malignancies, its role ...
Williams Glyn D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study compared clinical outcomes after heart surgery between three groups of infants with congenital heart disease. One group received dilutional conventional ultrafiltration (group D), another received modified ultrafiltration (group M), and a third group received both dilutional conventional and modified ultrafiltration (group B). We hypothesized that group ...
Ji B - - 2006
AIM: The aim of this investigation is to evaluate the effect of enriched with potassium-magnesium aspartate cold-blood cardioplegia on early reperfusion injury and postoperative arrhythmias in patients with ischemic heart disease undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), using measurements of cardiac troponin I (CTnI), hemodynamic indexes and clinical parameters. METHODS: ...
Nursal Tarik Zafer - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: It is believed that blood transfusions adversely affect colorectal cancer surgery. However, intra- and postoperative blood transfusions represent urgent interventions, and immeasurable confounding factors may affect the shortand long-term outcome. Therefore, we compared colorectal cancer patients who had received preoperative blood transfusion with patients who did not receive transfusions ...
Pilot P - - 2006
It has been suggested that minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in total hip replacement (THR) is less traumatic than standard techniques. This study was designed to address the question of whether an anterior MIS approach generates less inflammation and muscle damage than the standard posterolateral (PL) approach. Inflammation parameters such as ...
Onah, Hyacinth E; Department ...
Context: Severe anaemia from menorrhagia is a common complication of uterine fibroids. If all patients with such a problem were to accept blood transfusion and if blood transfusion were risk free, then it is the ideal treatment for correcting severe anaemia preoperatively. However, this is not the case and so ...
Grimaldi Nicholas A - - 2006
Perioperative autotransfusion is believed to reduce postoperative allogenic transfusion. A retrospective review of 128 patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty with preoperative hemoglobin < 14 g/dL was performed. Group 1 received an intraoperative tourniquet and postoperative autotransfusion. Group 2 received a tourniquet and hemovac drain postoperatively. Group 3 had a tourniquet ...
Kutay Veysel - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Several coating techniques for extracorporeal circulation have been developed to diminish the systemic inflammatory response during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and biocompatibility of heparin-coated and poly-2-methoxyethylacrylate (PMEA)-coated CPB circuits on coronary patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction. METHODS: Thirty-six ...
Holub Zdenek - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the differences in inflammatory response and clinical outcome of current clinical practice in women undergoing laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) and abdominal myomectomy (AM) for symptomatic fibroid. METHODS: A total of 36 women entered the study between October 2004 to June 2005 at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics ...
O'Malley Catherine M N - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to explore the relationship among endogenous plasma kallikrein inhibition (KI), perioperative bleeding, and adverse outcomes in cardiac surgery. DESIGN: A prospective, observational study. SETTING: University teaching hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Cardiac surgical patients. INTERVENTIONS: Endogenous plasma KI levels (%) and kallikrein-like activity (KKA) were measured ...
van de Watering Leo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In different centers for cardiothoracic surgery throughout the world, different policies are followed concerning the maximum storage time of to-be-transfused red blood cells (RBCs). The aim in this study was to investigate the possible role of the storage time of RBC transfusions on the outcome of coronary artery bypass ...
Garrido A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: 1. To study transfusion requirements in the Department of Gastroenterology of a Tertiary Referral Hospital, and their evolution over the last seven years. 2. To analyze risk factors associated with greater erythrocyte transfusion requirements. PATIENTS AND METHODS: erythrocyte transfusion requirements were compared for patients admitted to the Department of ...
García-Erce J A - - 2006
In unilateral total knee replacement (TKR), perioperative blood loss, low transfusion thresholds and short hospital stay result in patients being discharged with low haemoglobin (Hb). We assessed the effects of perioperative administration of intravenous iron, with or without erythropoietin, plus a restrictive transfusion threshold (Hb < 80 g L(-1)) both ...
von Dossow Vera - - 2006
T-cells play a central role in the immune response to injury. Cardiac surgery is associated with significant risk of systemic inflammatory response syndrome and subsequent unbalanced induction of proinflammatory cytokines. As clonidine has immunomodulating properties via reducing sympathetic activity, this study involved the analysis of T-cell function in the early ...
Kamiya Hiroyuki - - 2006
A compact cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) utilized by closed circuit system with minimized priming volume can be a solution to reduce adverse effects of CPB, and the Resting Heart System (RHS; Medtronic, Inc, Minneapolis, MN, USA) is the newest one on the market. We performed CABG with RHS in 10 patients, ...
Karlidag Rifat - - 2006
AIM: This study aimed to determine a marker that predicts delirium using preoperative oxidative processes in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. METHOD: Twelve of the 50 patients included in the study showed signs of delirium during postoperative follow-up. The Delirium Rating Scale was used in patients with delirium according to ...
Pilot Peter - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Venesection of red blood cells in healthy well-trained subjects decreased the maximum oxygen uptake parallel with the reduction in hemoglobin (Hb) level. Based on the large Hb decrease that is seen after total joint surgery, one could expect a decrease in performance as well. The purpose of this study ...
Noblett S E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Protocolized fluid administration using oesophageal Doppler monitoring may improve the postoperative outcome in patients undergoing surgery. METHODS: A total of 108 patients undergoing elective colorectal resection were recruited into a double-blind prospective randomized controlled trial. An oesophageal Doppler probe was placed in all patients. The control group received perioperative ...
Moshtaghi-Kashanian Ghollam-Reza - - 2006
A major cause of morbidity and mortality in beta-thalassemic patients is infections, assumed to be the result of immunological changes. To determine the possible defect, we investigated the cytokine productions by blood cells of beta-thalassemic patients using in-vivo and in-vitro methods. Heparinized blood samples collected aseptically from 22 beta-thalassemic children ...
Brown D Mark - - 2006
Oxygen pressure field theory (OPFT) was originally described in the early 1900s by Danish physiologist, Dr. August Krogh. This revolutionary theory described microcirculation of blood gases at the capillary level using a theoretical cylindrical tissue model commonly referred to as the Krogh cylinder. In recent years, the principles and benefits ...
Sundaram R O - - 2007
We aim to determine whether the presence of a drain increases the actual blood transfusion rates in patients undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). A retrospective review was performed on two consecutive groups of patients who underwent primary TKA: group 1 including 100 patients who underwent TKA and had one ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >