Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1398
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Backer Carl L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Aprotinin, a serine protease inhibitor, decreases transfusion requirements and inflammatory response after cardiopulmonary bypass. This study was done to determine whether aprotinin is associated with adverse outcomes, particularly mortality and acute kidney failure, in pediatric patients (<18 years of age) undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: We compared a cohort of ...
Djaiani George - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cerebral microembolization during cardiopulmonary bypass may lead to cognitive decline after cardiac surgery. Transfusion of the unprocessed shed blood (major source of lipid microparticulates) into the patient during cardiopulmonary bypass is common practice to reduce blood loss and blood transfusion. Processing of shed blood with cell saver before transfusion ...
Piriou V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Volatile agents can mimic ischaemic preconditioning leading to a decrease in myocardial infarct size. The present study investigated if a 15 min sevoflurane administration before cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has a cardioprotective effect in patients undergoing coronary surgery. METHODS: Seventy-two patients were randomized in two centres. The intervention group (S) ...
Dietrich Wulf - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hypersensitivity reactions to the nonspecific proteinase inhibitor aprotinin may occur. The present study evaluates the incidence of hypersensitivity reactions to aprotinin. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected as part of the institution's quality assurance program. The database was screened for anaphylactic reactions, especially those against aprotinin. The definition of an ...
Zahoor Mahrukh - - 2007
BACKGROUND: During cardiac surgery, cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) leads to haemodilutional anaemia and activation of inflammatory mediators, affecting haemostasis. Modified Ultrafiltration (MUF) is being increasingly favoured for haemoconcentration without blood transfusion and reducing post operative bleeding. METHODS: Aim of this study was to record the impact of modified ultrafiltration on haemoconcentration ...
Mathew Joseph P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Strategies for neuroprotection including hypothermia and hemodilution have been routinely practiced since the inception of cardiopulmonary bypass. Yet postoperative neurocognitive deficits that diminish the quality of life of cardiac surgery patients are frequent. Because there is uncertainty regarding the impact of hemodilution on perioperative organ function, the authors hypothesized ...
Daly D J - - 2007
We surveyed contemporary Australasian cardiac surgical and anaesthetic practice, focusing on antiplatelet and antifibrinolytic therapies and blood transfusion practices. The cohort included 499 sequential adult cardiac surgical patients in 12 Australasian teaching hospitals. A total of 282 (57%) patients received red cell or component transfusion. The median (IQR) red cell ...
Charu Veena - - 2007
The optimal hemoglobin concentration at which to initiate erythropoietic therapy for chemotherapy-induced anemia (CIA) is not well defined. This randomized, open-label, multicenter study evaluated the ability of darbepoetin alfa (300 microg every 3 weeks) to maintain hemoglobin levels > or =10 g/dl in patients with CIA (hemoglobin > or =10.5 ...
Webert Kathryn E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Anemia may be an important factor contributing to an increased risk of bleeding, particularly in patients with thrombocytopenia. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A multicenter, single-blinded pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) was performed to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a larger RCT to determine the effect of the hemoglobin (Hb) ...
Van der Linden P J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Aprotinin, a non-specific serine protease inhibitor, has been used for two decades to reduce perioperative blood loss and the risk for allogeneic transfusion in cardiac surgery. This study evaluated the effects of aprotinin on outcome (mortality, cardiac events, renal failure, and cerebrovascular events) in such patients undergoing cardiac surgery ...
Boks Ricardo H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Non-protein plasma expanders carry a risk of potentially severe allergic reactions. As prime for cardiopulmonary bypass, we routinely use a gelatin plasma expander. Plasma expanding during anesthesia is achieved with high molecular starch (200/0.5 kDalton) in combination with Ringer Lactate solution (RL) and in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) ...
Piquette Dominique - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine whether or not intravenous nitroglycerin (IV NTG) can prevent a decrease in near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) values during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: We conducted a randomized double-blinded study in a tertiary academic center including 30 patients with a Parsonnet score>or=15 scheduled for a high-risk cardiac surgery. The patients ...
Sirvinskas Edmundas - - 2007
Various strategies have been proposed to decrease allogeneic blood transfusion requirements after cardiac surgery. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of collected and re-infused autologous shed mediastinal blood on a patient's postoperative course. Ninety patients who underwent heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were studied. The ...
Qamar Zuhab A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The arterial switch operation is the preferred treatment for dextrotransposition of the great arteries and some forms of double-outlet right ventricle. METHODS: All patients undergoing an arterial switch operation at a single institution from January 1, 1999, to September 1, 2005, were reviewed. RESULTS: Of the 168 patients, median ...
Smith L K - - 2007
Clinical, haematological or economic benefits of post-operative blood salvage with autologous blood re-transfusion have yet to be clearly demonstrated for primary total hip replacement. We performed a prospective randomised study to analyse differences in postoperative haemoglobin levels and homologous blood requirements in two groups of patients undergoing primary total hip ...
Maddali Madan M - - 2007
Tranexamic acid was used to reduce postoperative drainage and allogenic blood transfusion requirements in patients undergoing on-pump primary coronary bypass surgery. Over 12 months, 222 patients participated in this prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study conducted at a tertiary center. Half of the patients were randomly allocated to receive tranexamic acid ...
Toraman Fevzi - - 2007
Although an adverse influence of hyperoxemia during cardiopulmonary bypass is well documented, there is a wide range of oxygen settings during cardiopulmonary bypass, based mostly on trial and error. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal inspired oxygen fraction during cardiopulmonary bypass. Ninety patients undergoing isolated coronary ...
Miyaji Kagami - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We have established a low-priming volume cardiopulmonary bypass system for pediatric heart surgery to avoid homologous blood transfusion. The priming volume of our system is down to 140 mL for patients weighing less than 7 kg. We can prime the bypass circuits without blood products for patients weighing more ...
Claeys M A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In this prospective, placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trial, we investigated the effect of a single preoperative bolus dose of tranexamic acid (15 mg/kg) on perioperative blood losses and packed cell transfusion requirements in patients scheduled for primary unilateral total hip replacement surgery for degenerative osteoarthrosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 40 ...
Takayama Hiroo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Clinical studies conducted to elucidate the systemic response to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) did not differentiate possible effect of different types of cardiac surgical pathologies and operations on outcomes and have typically combined different procedures. We hypothesized that valve surgery induces more prominent systemic reaction compared to isolated on-pump CABG. ...
Kristeller Judith L - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine if aprotinin is safe and effective in patients at low risk for requiring blood transfusion after cardiac surgery by evaluating whether there is any significant difference in blood product use or other significant clinical outcomes between patients who received aprotinin versus those who did not. DESIGN: ...
Shim Jae Kwang - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Preoperative exposure to clopidogrel and aspirin significantly increases postoperative bleeding in patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Off-pump coronary bypass grafting has been proposed as an alternative technique to attenuate postoperative bleeding associated with clopidogrel. This study aimed to determine the effects of aspirin and clopidogrel therapy ...
Wass C Thomas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Others have reported significant changes in red blood cell (RBC) transfusion practice during the past two decades during knee, hip, prostate, and carotid surgery. Similar data for patients undergoing major spine surgery, however, are not available. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: After institutional review board approval, adult patients undergoing elective ...
Rodrigues Alfredo J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Preservation of the hemostatic system during cardiac surgery is a main concern, primarily after repeated cardiac operations. METHODS: We compared the outcomes of adult patients undergoing isolated reoperative valvular surgery receiving full-dose of aprotinin (redo group, n = 70) with patients experiencing primary isolated valvular surgery not receiving aprotinin ...
Murphy Glenn S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Experimental data suggest that morphine has unique antiinflammatory properties. We hypothesized that morphine, when compared with fentanyl, would attenuate the perioperative inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) when administered as part of a balanced anesthetic technique. METHODS: Thirty patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery were randomized to ...
Wiefferink Alice - - 2007
The coagulation-fibrinolytic profile during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been widely documented. However, less information is available on the possible persistence of these alterations when autotransfusion is used in management of perioperative blood loss. This study was designed to explore the influence of autotransfusion management on intravascular fibrin degradation and postoperative ...
Suzuki, Yasuyuki
Background: Lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome after cardiopulmonary bypass were described as severe postoperative complication. Although the incidence of ARDS after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is about 1%, the mortality of ARDS is extremely high. It has been well recognized that CPB is associated with systemic inflammation. This pulmonary ...
Alghamdi Abdullah A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The traditional recommendation has been to stop Aspirin seven to 10 days prior to coronary artery bypass surgery to reduce the potential risk of bleeding. A few reports have shown that Aspirin did not increase the risk of bleeding and may be beneficial to be continued until the time ...
Ott Elisabeth - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In an international, prospective, observational study, we contrasted adverse vascular outcomes among four countries and then assessed practice pattern differences that may have contributed to these outcomes. METHODS: A total of 5065 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery were analyzed at 70 international medical centers, and from this ...
Lidder P G - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Allogeneic blood transfusion confers a risk to the recipient. Recent trials in colorectal surgery have shown that the most significant factors predicting blood transfusion are pre-operative haemoglobin, operative blood loss and presence of a transfusion protocol. We report a randomised, controlled trial of oral ferrous sulphate 200 mg TDS ...
Agati Salvatore - - 2007
We designed a pilot study to assess as primary end point the safety and efficacy of a new phosphorylcholine-coated, closed cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) system (extracorporeal circulation, optimized [ECC.O], Dideco, Mirandola, Italy). The secondary end point was to compare results with two retrospectively matched cohorts of patients who underwent isolated coronary ...
Magovern James A - - 2007
Postoperative inflammatory response is common in heart surgery patients, but less is known about variation in the baseline inflammatory state. This study characterizes the preoperative inflammatory profile in a group of high- and low-risk patients (n = 32; male 16, female 16; mean age, 70.3 +/- 1.8) and relates this ...
Boeken U - - 2008
In order to investigate the effects of tirofiban administration in cardiac surgery all patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) which received this drug preoperatively between 1/2002 and 6/2005 (n=232) were studied. Three groups regarding the perioperative administration of antifibrinolytic drugs were compared: group A=controls (n=70), group B=aprotinin (n=110), group ...
Bert Christophe - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: In addition to blood-sparing effects, aprotinin may have cardioprotective and anti-inflammatory effects during cardiopulmonary bypass-assisted cardiac surgery. In this study, the authors examined whether aprotinin had cardioprotective and/or anti-inflammatory effects in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. DESIGN: A prospective randomized clinical trial. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty ...
Johansson Pär I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Continued hemorrhage remains a major contributor of mortality in massively transfused patients and those who survive have a higher platelet (PLT) count and a shorter prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) than nonsurvivors. It was considered that early substitution with PLTs and fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) would prevent ...
Cothren C Clay - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The current management of pelvic fracture patients who are hemodynamically unstable in the United States consists of aggressive resuscitation, mechanical stabilization, and angioembolization. Despite this multidisciplinary approach, our recent analysis confirms an alarming 40% mortality in these high-risk patients. Therefore, we pursued alternate therapies to improve patient outcomes. European ...
Saxena Sunita - - 2007
CONTEXT: A blood bank can provide compatible blood for an elective surgical procedure, provided a blood sample is received by the laboratory with sufficient time to allow pretransfusion testing and acquire enough compatible red blood cell units. With the push for same-day admission surgical procedures, a patient's pretransfusion blood sample ...
Ouattara Alexandre - - 2007
AIMS: Aspirin combined with clopidogrel is the treatment of choice for acute coronary syndromes. Although the maintenance of aspirin until surgery does not affect postoperative bleeding after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, the latter may be dramatically increased when clopidogrel is continued over a period of 5 days preoperatively. ...
Ndoko Serge K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Cardioprotective properties have been shown with halogenated volatile agents. It was hypothesized that low-dose isoflurane administered before aortic cross-clamping may reduce the amount of dobutamine required to improve impaired postoperative cardiac function after various types of cardiac surgery. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized trial. SETTING: An anesthesia and intensive care ...
Parmar J H - - 2007
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the interaction between the proinflammatory mediator interleukin (IL)-6 and anti-inflammatory mediator IL-10 in ischemia reperfusion injury following peripheral arterial revascularization. METHODS: Three groups of patients were recruited (group 1: femoral angiography alone [n=14]; group 2: radiologically successful ilio/femoral angioplasty [n=10]; and ...
Molloy D O - - 2007
We performed a randomised, controlled trial involving 150 patients with a pre-operative level of haemoglobin of 13.0 g/dl or less, to compare the effect of either topical fibrin spray or intravenous tranexamic acid on blood loss after total knee replacement. A total of 50 patients in the topical fibrin spray ...
Potger Kieron C - - 2007
Blood transfusion rates in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) are typically higher compared with off-pump CABG (OPCAB). However, few studies have specifically examined intraoperative hemodilution as a contributing factor. The aim of this retrospective review was to compare the effect of using CPB or OPCAB ...
Thompson George H - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective evaluation of fibrinogen levels before surgery and after surgery in patients with idiopathic scoliosis undergoing posterior spinal fusion (PSF) and segmental spinal instrumentation (SSI) who received Amicar to decrease perioperative blood loss. OBJECTIVES: To assess a possible association between postoperative fibrinogen levels and Amicar administration. SUMMARY OF ...
Gonca S - - 2007
AIM: The cardioprotective effects of thoracal epidural anesthesia (TEA) are induced by the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (i-NOS) in cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery. When general anaesthesia (GA) is combined with TEA during coronary artery bypass graft, we investigated whether TEA together with ...
Bridgens J P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Revision hip arthroplasty is commonly associated with substantial blood loss and the subsequent need for transfusion. This leads to an increased risk of blood-borne infection and hemolytic reactions. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate whether the use of intraoperative red blood-cell salvage in revision hip arthroplasty reduces ...
Koster Andreas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) heparin-induced thrombocytopenia thrombosis syndrome (HITTS) on- and off-pump safety and efficacy (CHOOSE-ON) trial was designed as a safety and efficacy trial of bivalirudin for use in anticoagulation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in patients with confirmed or suspected HIT and (or) antiplatelet factor 4/heparin ...
Castiglioni Alessandro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and clinical results of aortic valve replacement performed with minimally invasive closed circuit extracorporeal circulation technique (MECC system) versus standard cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Forty consecutive patients undergoing isolated aortic valve replacement at a single institution were randomly assigned to ...
Picker S M - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Bleeding after cardiac surgery correlates with morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of antiplatelet therapy on bleeding and transfusion rates in coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: Forty patients receiving aspirin and/or clopidogrel/ticlopidine within 7 days prior to surgery were retrospectively ...
Bjessmo Staffan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Drainage of blood from the mediastinum and pleura following open cardiac procedures is usually carried out using one or more large-bore plastic chest tubes. Recently small diameter siliastic drains have been reported to evacuate blood with a better patient comfort. The efficacy and safety of different chest tubes have ...
Goudeau Jean-Jacques - - 2007
Previous studies showed that cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was directly associated with a global activation of the inflammatory response, production of oxygen free radicals, and signs of myocardial injury. We therefore evaluated, in the weakest patients, the biological and clinical benefits of a therapeutic optimization of CPB through the combination of ...
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