Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1410
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Ando Yuko - - 2008
PURPOSE: Adequate volume therapy is essential for stable hemodynamics and sufficient urinary output perioperatively. Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) has been reported to attenuate the microvascular hyperpermeability which occasionally occurs in surgical patients. This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of low-molecular-weight HES on the urinary microalbumin/creatinine ratio (MACR), a ...
Kluth Mario - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The antifibrinolytic agent aprotinin is used to limit blood loss in cardiac surgery. In a recently performed multicentre observational study, the use of aprotinin was dose-dependently associated with a higher risk of renal failure and cardiovascular events. OBJECTIVE: Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact ...
Jankovicová Karolina K Department of Clinical Immunology and Allergology, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Hradec Králové, Czech - - 2008
Cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with some adverse postoperative complications caused by an altered immune response. An alternative approach to cardiac surgery, operating without the use of CPB (i.e. off-pump surgery), seems to display less adverse impacts on the immune response. Peripheral blood lymphocytes in 40 patients ...
Moustafa Moustafa A - - 2007
The aim of this study was to compare postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement through a ministernotomy or conventional sternotomy. Sixty patients were randomized into 2 groups of 30 each: group 1 had a full sternotomy and group 2 had a ministernotomy. Pain was evaluated on a daily ...
Myles Paul - - 2007
Cardiac surgery can be complicated by postoperative bleeding and a need for blood transfusion and surgical reexploration. Anti-fibrinolytic drugs such as aprotinin and tranexamic acid may reduce bleeding risks but could possibly increase thrombotic complications. Aprotinin, in particular, has recently been implicated in at least two large observational studies, but ...
Ozkisacik Erdem Ali - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The effects of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on serum neuron-specific enolase (NSE) levels in patients without cognitive dysfunction and neurological deficit are not yet clarified. This study was designed to see the sole effect of extracorporeal circulation on serum NSE levels in patients without any clinically observed neurological deficit. METHODS: ...
Brodsky Robert A RA Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2008
The terminal complement inhibitor eculizumab was recently shown to be effective and well tolerated in patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH). Here, we extended these observations with results from an open-label, non-placebo-controlled, 52-week, phase 3 clinical safety and efficacy study evaluating eculizumab in a broader PNH patient population. Eculizumab was ...
Lang Bin - - 2008
PURPOSE: We compared the clinical outcomes of retroperitoneoscopic and open adrenalectomy for pheochromocytoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data on 56 patients who underwent retroperitoneoscopic lateral adrenalectomy were retrospectively compared with those on 50 who underwent open adrenalectomy for pheochromocytoma, including patient demographic data, perioperative indexes and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Demographic ...
Alkan Tijen - - 2007
Controversy continues concerning the utilization of pulsatile flow during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) procedures with regard to improved patient outcomes. We evaluated 215 consecutive pediatric patients undergoing open heart surgery for repair of congenital heart disease who were prospectively entered into the study and randomly assigned to either the pulsatile perfusion ...
Ansari Saqib H - - 2007
Packed red blood cell (PRC) transfusion with iron chelation is the mainstay of treatment for patients with beta-thalassemia major. Hemoglobin F augmentation is another approach to treat this hemoglobinopathy. This study evaluates the efficacy and safety of hydroxyurea (HU) in minimizing PRC transfusions in patients with beta-thalassemia major. Twenty-three patients ...
Santoro Jennifer E - - 2007
Joint reconstruction surgery is associated with significant blood loss, and patients often require perioperative transfusions. Recombinant human erythropoietin (epoetin) can be used in anemic patients scheduled for elective, noncardiac, nonvascular surgery to reduce the need for transfusions. In the study reported here, patients with a preoperative hemoglobin level of 10 ...
Oshima Kiyohiro - - 2007
The objective of this study was to analyze the early predictive factors for successful weaning from a percutaneous cardiopulmonary support system (PCPS) in patients with low cardiac output syndrome after cardiovascular surgery. A total of 938 patients underwent cardiovascular surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) from January 1991 to September 2006 ...
Backer Carl L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Aprotinin, a serine protease inhibitor, decreases transfusion requirements and inflammatory response after cardiopulmonary bypass. This study was done to determine whether aprotinin is associated with adverse outcomes, particularly mortality and acute kidney failure, in pediatric patients (<18 years of age) undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: We compared a cohort of ...
Djaiani George - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cerebral microembolization during cardiopulmonary bypass may lead to cognitive decline after cardiac surgery. Transfusion of the unprocessed shed blood (major source of lipid microparticulates) into the patient during cardiopulmonary bypass is common practice to reduce blood loss and blood transfusion. Processing of shed blood with cell saver before transfusion ...
Piriou V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Volatile agents can mimic ischaemic preconditioning leading to a decrease in myocardial infarct size. The present study investigated if a 15 min sevoflurane administration before cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has a cardioprotective effect in patients undergoing coronary surgery. METHODS: Seventy-two patients were randomized in two centres. The intervention group (S) ...
Dietrich Wulf - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hypersensitivity reactions to the nonspecific proteinase inhibitor aprotinin may occur. The present study evaluates the incidence of hypersensitivity reactions to aprotinin. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected as part of the institution's quality assurance program. The database was screened for anaphylactic reactions, especially those against aprotinin. The definition of an ...
Zahoor Mahrukh - - 2007
BACKGROUND: During cardiac surgery, cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) leads to haemodilutional anaemia and activation of inflammatory mediators, affecting haemostasis. Modified Ultrafiltration (MUF) is being increasingly favoured for haemoconcentration without blood transfusion and reducing post operative bleeding. METHODS: Aim of this study was to record the impact of modified ultrafiltration on haemoconcentration ...
Mathew Joseph P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Strategies for neuroprotection including hypothermia and hemodilution have been routinely practiced since the inception of cardiopulmonary bypass. Yet postoperative neurocognitive deficits that diminish the quality of life of cardiac surgery patients are frequent. Because there is uncertainty regarding the impact of hemodilution on perioperative organ function, the authors hypothesized ...
Daly D J - - 2007
We surveyed contemporary Australasian cardiac surgical and anaesthetic practice, focusing on antiplatelet and antifibrinolytic therapies and blood transfusion practices. The cohort included 499 sequential adult cardiac surgical patients in 12 Australasian teaching hospitals. A total of 282 (57%) patients received red cell or component transfusion. The median (IQR) red cell ...
Charu Veena - - 2007
The optimal hemoglobin concentration at which to initiate erythropoietic therapy for chemotherapy-induced anemia (CIA) is not well defined. This randomized, open-label, multicenter study evaluated the ability of darbepoetin alfa (300 microg every 3 weeks) to maintain hemoglobin levels > or =10 g/dl in patients with CIA (hemoglobin > or =10.5 ...
Webert Kathryn E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Anemia may be an important factor contributing to an increased risk of bleeding, particularly in patients with thrombocytopenia. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A multicenter, single-blinded pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) was performed to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a larger RCT to determine the effect of the hemoglobin (Hb) ...
Van der Linden P J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Aprotinin, a non-specific serine protease inhibitor, has been used for two decades to reduce perioperative blood loss and the risk for allogeneic transfusion in cardiac surgery. This study evaluated the effects of aprotinin on outcome (mortality, cardiac events, renal failure, and cerebrovascular events) in such patients undergoing cardiac surgery ...
Boks Ricardo H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Non-protein plasma expanders carry a risk of potentially severe allergic reactions. As prime for cardiopulmonary bypass, we routinely use a gelatin plasma expander. Plasma expanding during anesthesia is achieved with high molecular starch (200/0.5 kDalton) in combination with Ringer Lactate solution (RL) and in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) ...
Piquette Dominique - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine whether or not intravenous nitroglycerin (IV NTG) can prevent a decrease in near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) values during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: We conducted a randomized double-blinded study in a tertiary academic center including 30 patients with a Parsonnet score>or=15 scheduled for a high-risk cardiac surgery. The patients ...
Sirvinskas Edmundas - - 2007
Various strategies have been proposed to decrease allogeneic blood transfusion requirements after cardiac surgery. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of collected and re-infused autologous shed mediastinal blood on a patient's postoperative course. Ninety patients who underwent heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were studied. The ...
Qamar Zuhab A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The arterial switch operation is the preferred treatment for dextrotransposition of the great arteries and some forms of double-outlet right ventricle. METHODS: All patients undergoing an arterial switch operation at a single institution from January 1, 1999, to September 1, 2005, were reviewed. RESULTS: Of the 168 patients, median ...
Smith L K - - 2007
Clinical, haematological or economic benefits of post-operative blood salvage with autologous blood re-transfusion have yet to be clearly demonstrated for primary total hip replacement. We performed a prospective randomised study to analyse differences in postoperative haemoglobin levels and homologous blood requirements in two groups of patients undergoing primary total hip ...
Maddali Madan M - - 2007
Tranexamic acid was used to reduce postoperative drainage and allogenic blood transfusion requirements in patients undergoing on-pump primary coronary bypass surgery. Over 12 months, 222 patients participated in this prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study conducted at a tertiary center. Half of the patients were randomly allocated to receive tranexamic acid ...
Toraman Fevzi - - 2007
Although an adverse influence of hyperoxemia during cardiopulmonary bypass is well documented, there is a wide range of oxygen settings during cardiopulmonary bypass, based mostly on trial and error. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal inspired oxygen fraction during cardiopulmonary bypass. Ninety patients undergoing isolated coronary ...
Miyaji Kagami - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We have established a low-priming volume cardiopulmonary bypass system for pediatric heart surgery to avoid homologous blood transfusion. The priming volume of our system is down to 140 mL for patients weighing less than 7 kg. We can prime the bypass circuits without blood products for patients weighing more ...
Claeys M A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In this prospective, placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trial, we investigated the effect of a single preoperative bolus dose of tranexamic acid (15 mg/kg) on perioperative blood losses and packed cell transfusion requirements in patients scheduled for primary unilateral total hip replacement surgery for degenerative osteoarthrosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 40 ...
Takayama Hiroo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Clinical studies conducted to elucidate the systemic response to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) did not differentiate possible effect of different types of cardiac surgical pathologies and operations on outcomes and have typically combined different procedures. We hypothesized that valve surgery induces more prominent systemic reaction compared to isolated on-pump CABG. ...
Kristeller Judith L - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine if aprotinin is safe and effective in patients at low risk for requiring blood transfusion after cardiac surgery by evaluating whether there is any significant difference in blood product use or other significant clinical outcomes between patients who received aprotinin versus those who did not. DESIGN: ...
Shim Jae Kwang - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Preoperative exposure to clopidogrel and aspirin significantly increases postoperative bleeding in patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Off-pump coronary bypass grafting has been proposed as an alternative technique to attenuate postoperative bleeding associated with clopidogrel. This study aimed to determine the effects of aspirin and clopidogrel therapy ...
Wass C Thomas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Others have reported significant changes in red blood cell (RBC) transfusion practice during the past two decades during knee, hip, prostate, and carotid surgery. Similar data for patients undergoing major spine surgery, however, are not available. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: After institutional review board approval, adult patients undergoing elective ...
Rodrigues Alfredo J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Preservation of the hemostatic system during cardiac surgery is a main concern, primarily after repeated cardiac operations. METHODS: We compared the outcomes of adult patients undergoing isolated reoperative valvular surgery receiving full-dose of aprotinin (redo group, n = 70) with patients experiencing primary isolated valvular surgery not receiving aprotinin ...
Murphy Glenn S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Experimental data suggest that morphine has unique antiinflammatory properties. We hypothesized that morphine, when compared with fentanyl, would attenuate the perioperative inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) when administered as part of a balanced anesthetic technique. METHODS: Thirty patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery were randomized to ...
Wiefferink Alice A Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, The - - 2007
The coagulation-fibrinolytic profile during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been widely documented. However, less information is available on the possible persistence of these alterations when autotransfusion is used in management of perioperative blood loss. This study was designed to explore the influence of autotransfusion management on intravascular fibrin degradation and postoperative ...
Suzuki, Yasuyuki
Background: Lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome after cardiopulmonary bypass were described as severe postoperative complication. Although the incidence of ARDS after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is about 1%, the mortality of ARDS is extremely high. It has been well recognized that CPB is associated with systemic inflammation. This pulmonary ...
Alghamdi Abdullah A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The traditional recommendation has been to stop Aspirin seven to 10 days prior to coronary artery bypass surgery to reduce the potential risk of bleeding. A few reports have shown that Aspirin did not increase the risk of bleeding and may be beneficial to be continued until the time ...
Ott Elisabeth - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In an international, prospective, observational study, we contrasted adverse vascular outcomes among four countries and then assessed practice pattern differences that may have contributed to these outcomes. METHODS: A total of 5065 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery were analyzed at 70 international medical centers, and from this ...
Lidder P G - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Allogeneic blood transfusion confers a risk to the recipient. Recent trials in colorectal surgery have shown that the most significant factors predicting blood transfusion are pre-operative haemoglobin, operative blood loss and presence of a transfusion protocol. We report a randomised, controlled trial of oral ferrous sulphate 200 mg TDS ...
Agati Salvatore - - 2007
We designed a pilot study to assess as primary end point the safety and efficacy of a new phosphorylcholine-coated, closed cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) system (extracorporeal circulation, optimized [ECC.O], Dideco, Mirandola, Italy). The secondary end point was to compare results with two retrospectively matched cohorts of patients who underwent isolated coronary ...
Magovern James A - - 2007
Postoperative inflammatory response is common in heart surgery patients, but less is known about variation in the baseline inflammatory state. This study characterizes the preoperative inflammatory profile in a group of high- and low-risk patients (n = 32; male 16, female 16; mean age, 70.3 +/- 1.8) and relates this ...
Boeken U - - 2008
In order to investigate the effects of tirofiban administration in cardiac surgery all patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) which received this drug preoperatively between 1/2002 and 6/2005 (n=232) were studied. Three groups regarding the perioperative administration of antifibrinolytic drugs were compared: group A=controls (n=70), group B=aprotinin (n=110), group ...
Bert Christophe - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: In addition to blood-sparing effects, aprotinin may have cardioprotective and anti-inflammatory effects during cardiopulmonary bypass-assisted cardiac surgery. In this study, the authors examined whether aprotinin had cardioprotective and/or anti-inflammatory effects in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. DESIGN: A prospective randomized clinical trial. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty ...
Johansson Pär I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Continued hemorrhage remains a major contributor of mortality in massively transfused patients and those who survive have a higher platelet (PLT) count and a shorter prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) than nonsurvivors. It was considered that early substitution with PLTs and fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) would prevent ...
Cothren C Clay - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The current management of pelvic fracture patients who are hemodynamically unstable in the United States consists of aggressive resuscitation, mechanical stabilization, and angioembolization. Despite this multidisciplinary approach, our recent analysis confirms an alarming 40% mortality in these high-risk patients. Therefore, we pursued alternate therapies to improve patient outcomes. European ...
Saxena Sunita - - 2007
CONTEXT: A blood bank can provide compatible blood for an elective surgical procedure, provided a blood sample is received by the laboratory with sufficient time to allow pretransfusion testing and acquire enough compatible red blood cell units. With the push for same-day admission surgical procedures, a patient's pretransfusion blood sample ...
Ouattara Alexandre - - 2007
AIMS: Aspirin combined with clopidogrel is the treatment of choice for acute coronary syndromes. Although the maintenance of aspirin until surgery does not affect postoperative bleeding after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, the latter may be dramatically increased when clopidogrel is continued over a period of 5 days preoperatively. ...
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