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Kundra Sandeep S Department of Anesthesiology, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, - - 2014
Epidural application of morphine has been used for postoperative analgesia following spine surgery but short duration of action of single application limits its widespread use. One hundred and fifty patients undergoing lumbar laminectomy were randomly allocated to two groups of 75 patients each. Anesthetic technique was standardized in both the ...
Jacob Sumitha Mary SM Department of Anaesthesiology, Holy Cross Hospital, Kottiyam, Kollam, Kerala, - - 2014
The success of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) depends on visual clarity of the surgical field, through the endoscope. The objective of this double-blind, randomized, controlled study was to determine if a pre-operative dose of bisoprolol (2.5 mg) would reduce the bleeding during FESS and improve the visualization of the ...
Kim Yu Seok YS Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an uncomfortable procedure that requires adequate sedation for its successful conduction. We investigated the efficacy and safety of the combined use of intravenous midazolam and propofol for sedation during ERCP. A retrospective review of patient records from a single tertiary care hospital was performed. Ninety-four ...
Chávez-Tapia Norberto C NC Obesity and Digestive Diseases Unit, Medica Sur Clinic and Foundation, Mexico City, - - 2014
Hypoxic hepatitis (HH) is observed frequently in intensive care units. Information in the cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) is limited. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical course and outcomes of HH in the specific setting of the CICU. We analyzed records of patients with HH admitted ...
Rogha Mehrdad M Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kashani Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
To compare two methods of tympanic membrane (TM) grafting when graft materials medial or lateral to malleus, this study have been done. In this clinical trial which was conducted in Alzahra and Kashani hospitals, between June 2010 and February 2012, 56 patients with chronic otitis media and perforated TM entered ...
Fulcher Paul H PH - - 2014
Adequately controlling pain is a key component of postoperative care after a hysterectomy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of two intraperitoneal (IP) administered solutions during Laparoscopic Assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy (LAVH), on the amount of postoperative self-administered morphine. In this prospective, randomized, double blinded study, twenty ...
Yu Jian-Bo JB Department of Anesthesiology, Nankai Hospital, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China - - 2014
Background We aimed to investigate the effect of electroacupuncture at Zusanli (ST36) and Sanyinjiao (SP6) on adrenocortical function in patients with etomidate anesthesia. Material and Methods We randomly divided 80 patients who underwent elective surgery into 4 groups: group etomidate (ETO), group etomidate + electroacupuncture (ETO+EA), group etomidate + sham ...
Khezri Marzieh Beigom MB Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Shahid Bahonar Boulevard, P.O. Box 34197/59811, Qazvin 3419759811, - - 2014
Objectives. To compare the analgesic efficacy of intrathecal clonidine and fentanyl added to bupivacaine after cesarean section. Methods. Ninety patients scheduled for cesarean section under spinal anesthesia were randomly allocated to one of the three following groups to receive bupivacaine 10 mg combined with 75 µg clonidine (group C), bupivacaine 10 mg combined ...
Gupta Kumkum K Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, N.S.C.B. Subharti Medical College, Swami Vivekananda Subharti University, Subhartipuram, NH-58, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Subarachnoid blockade can be used in all surgical procedures carried out on the infraumbilical region. This study was aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of intrathecal fentanyl as an adjuvant to 0.75% isobaric ropivacaine on onset, duration, intensity, and recovery time of sensory and motor blockade of subarachnoid ...
Agrawal Akansha A Department of Anesthesia, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, - - 2014
Spinal anesthesia is an established mode of anesthesia for lower limb orthopedic surgeries. The limitations of the technique are short duration of action and limited post-operative analgesia. Concomitant use of intravenous infusion of magnesium sulfate may have an effect on the block characteristics and duration of action of intrathecal bupivacaine. ...
Golparvar Mohammad M Department of Anesthesia, Medical School, St-Alzahra Medical Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Hypercoagulability has been reported in primary brain tumors which can lead to thrombotic complications. Hydroxyethyl starch (hetastarch) is a synthetic colloid solution with adverse effects on blood coagulation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of hetastarch in reducing thromboembolic events in these patients. In a ...
Del-Rio-Vellosillo Monica M Department of Anesthesia, University Hospital Virgen de la Arrixaca, Ctra. Madrid-Cartagena, s/n, El Palmar, 30120 Murcia, - - 2014
Introduction. The aim of the study was to compare the sensory, motor, and neuroophthalmological effects of isobaric levobupivacaine and bupivacaine when intrathecally administered. Materials and Methods. A prospective, double-blind, randomized study with 60 ASA grade I-II patients aged 18-65 years awaiting knee arthroscopy under spinal anesthesia. Patients received 12.5 mg of ...
Acar Omer O Department of Urology, VKF American Hospital, 34365 Istanbul, - - 2014
Objective. We aimed to compare the results of our initial robot-assisted nephron-sparing surgeries (RANSS) performed with or without hilar clamping. Material and Method. Charts of the initial RANSSs (n = 44), which were performed by a single surgeon, were retrospectively reviewed. R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry system, modified Clavien classification, and M.D.R.D. equation ...
Perilli Valter V Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, A. Gemelli Hospital, Largo A. Gemelli 8, 00168 Rome, - - 2014
The use of suction catheter (SC) has been shown to improve success rate during ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) insertion in expert users. The aim of this study was to compare insertion of PLMA performed by untrained physicians using a SC or the digital technique (DT) in anaesthetised non-paralysed patients. ...
Moghtadaei Mehdi M Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rasoul Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2014
Pain is one of the major concerns of patients underwent Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA); appropriate pain management is a key factor in patient's early physical fitness to move, physiotherapy, and most importantly, patient satisfaction. In this study the analgesic effect of single injection femoral nerve block (SFNB) was compared with ...
Wu Zhenjie Z Department of Urology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, P. R. - - 2014
To critically review the currently available evidence of studies comparing robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) and open partial nephrectomy (OPN). A comprehensive review of the literature from Pubmed, Web of Science and Scopus was performed in October 2013. All relevant studies comparing RPN with OPN were included for further screening. A ...
Polat Vural V Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Van Research and Education Hospital, 65100 Van, - - 2014
Background. Red cell distribution width (RDW) is an important marker which reflects inflammatory activity in many chronic diseases. The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of RDW on morbidity and mortality before and after pediatric congenital heart surgery. Methods. 107 patients with congenital heart disease, cardiac case ...
Välimäki Juha O JO Department of Ophthalmology, Päijät-Häme Central Hospital, Keskussairaalankatu 7, FIN-15850 Lahti, - - 2014
Purpose. To determine the outcome of Molteno3 implantation as primary glaucoma surgery and to analyze the factors influencing the surgical outcome. Methods. This is a retrospective clinical study of 106 consecutive eyes (97 patients) with no previous glaucoma surgery. Surgical failure was defined as an IOP > 21 mmHg or less ...
Liang Peng P Department of Anesthesiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University Chengdu, Sichuan, - - 2014
It is controversial that whether the GABA receptors contribute to the hypnotic action of volatile anesthetics. This study was to detect the effect of GABA receptors on the hypnotic action of volatile anesthetics by evaluation of the effect of intravenous flumazenil on sevoflurane minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration-awake (MAC-Awake) and emergence ...
Karami Hossein H Urology and Nephrology Research Center, Shohadae Tajrish Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
Purpose: Due to the negative impact of radiation on the patient and the surgical team during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), we aimed to evaluate success rate and complications of blind access for PCNL using lumbar notch landmark and compare with conventional fluoroscopy- guided access. Materials and Methods: In a clinical trial, ...
Rando K K Departamento de Anestesia, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay. ; Unidad Bi-Institucional de Trasplante Hepático y UDA-Centro Nacional Hepato-Bilio-Pancreático, Hospital Central de las Fuerzas Armadas, Montevideo, - - 2014
Even though advantages of ultrasound line placement seem obvious, many countries do not have easy access to such technology. This study aims to compare the degree of difficulty in central venous line placement with or without ultrasound and the incidence of complications, and to establish the effect of the operator's ...
Sen Ahmet A 0000-0001-8981-6871 Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, 53100 Rize, - - 2014
We reviewed our experience to compare the effectiveness of epidural analgesia and total intravenous analgesia on postoperative pain control in patients undergoing endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Records of 32 patients during a 2-year period were retrospectively investigated. TIVA group (n = 18) received total intravenous anesthesia, and EA group ...
Erkalp Kerem K Istanbul Bagcilar Educational and Training Hospital, 34200 Istanbul, - - 2014
There is a passive blood flow to the stomach during oral and nasal surgery. It may cause postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). We researched the relationship between gastric decompression (GD) and severity of PONV in ear, nose, and throat (ENT) surgery. 137 patients who have been into ENT surgery were ...
Lee Jin Cheol JC Department of Ophthalmology, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Dongsan Medical Center, Daegu, - - 2014
To evaluate the clinical outcomes of ambulatory buckling surgery, comparing outpatient- with inpatient-based surgery. The authors performed a retrospective study of 80 consecutive cases of rhegmato genous retinal detachment from January 2009 to December 2011 treated by scleral buckling surgery. Two groups of patients were defined according to inpatient (group ...
Ayintap Emre E Department of Ophthalmology, Bezmialem Vakif University, 34093 Istanbul, - - 2014
Purpose. To investigate the changes of partial oxygen pressure (PaO2) in aqueous humour after injecting air or oxygen bubble into the anterior chamber in sickle cell hyphema. Methods. Blood samples were taken from the same patient with sickle cell disease. Thirty-two rabbits were divided into 4 groups. In group 1 ...
Prazeres Juliana J Vitreoretinal Diseases Unit, Department of Ophthalmology, Federal University of São Paulo, Botucatu Street 816, 04023-062 São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
We retrospectively evaluated a heavy silicone oil (HSO) as a long-term intraocular endotamponade agent to treat complicated RD by inferior PVR in 25 eyes of 25 patients. Patients underwent PPV and injection of Oxane HD as an internal tamponade agent. A comparison of preoperative and postoperative BCVA at month 1, ...
Demirhan Abdullah A Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Golkoy, 14280 Bolu, - - 2014
Objectives. The aim of this study was to explore effect of a combination of pregabalin and dexamethasone on pain control after septoplasty operations. Methods. In this study, 90 patients who were scheduled for septoplasty under general anesthesia were randomly assigned into groups that received either placebo (Group C), pregabalin (Group ...
Zhang Haifei H Department of Orthopedics, The fourth Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2014
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMPs) as a substitute for iliac crest bone graft (ICBG) has been increasingly widely used in lumbar fusion. The purpose of this study is to systematically compare the effectiveness and safety of fusion with BMPs for the treatment of lumbar disease. Cochrane review methods were used to ...
Pirozzi Concetta C Emergency Medicine Department, San Paolo Hospital, Via Terracina 219, Naples 80125, - - 2014
Dyspnea is one of the most frequent complaints in the Emergency Department. Thoracic ultrasound should help to differentiate cardiogenic from non-cardiogenic causes of dyspnea. We evaluated whether the diagnostic accuracy can be improved by adding a point-of-care-ultrasonography (POC-US) to routine exams and if an early use of this technique produces ...
Son Ilsoon I 0000-0003-4388-0178 Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Konkuk University Medical Centre, Konkuk University School of Medicine, 120-1 Neungdong-ro, Hwayang-dong, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 143-729, Republic of - - 2014
This study assessed the effect of sufentanil administered before conclusion of remifentanil-based anaesthesia on postoperative hyperalgesia and haemodynamic stability in patients undergoing laparoscopic gynaecological surgery. The patients were randomly allocated to a sufentanil administration group (S group) or a normal saline administration group (C group). Anaesthesia was induced and maintained ...
Yadav Sukhwant Singh SS Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Center for Dental Education and Research, All India Institute of Medical - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of apical clearing and apical foramen widening in reducing apical ramifications and bacterial load in the apical third of root canals. The mesio-buccal roots of 21 maxillary first molar teeth were inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis suspension using a sterile pipette. ...
Toba Yoshiharu Y Department of Ophthalmology, Iwate Medical University, School of Medicine, 19-1 Uchimaru, Morioka, Iwate 020-8505, - - 2014
Purpose. To compare the postoperative changes of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in patients with macular holes (MHs) treated with vitrectomy with indocyanine green- (ICG-), brilliant blue G- (BBG-), or triamcinolone acetonide- (TA-)assisted internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling. Methods. Sixty-one eyes of 61 consecutive patients with MHs were ...
Baek Sung Uk SU Department of Ophthalmology, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, No. 896 Pyeongchon-dong, Anyang, Gyeonggi-do 431-070, Republic of - - 2014
Purposes. The study introduced the concept of "consecutive macular edema" and evaluated the validity of visual outcome in macular edema (ME) secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). Methods. Patients were categorized into the gainer group and the nongainer group according to the final visual acuity. We analyzed clinical characteristics ...
Razeghinejad Mohammad-Reza MR Poostchi Ophthalmology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
To evaluate the local safety of bevacizumab and its effect on recurrence of primary pterygium excision. This randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted on 44 eyes of 44 patients randomized to Group 1 (bevacizumab) and Group 2 (balanced salt solution). Group 1 underwent pterygium excision with a rotational conjunctival flap ...
Ghaemi M M Department of Anaesthesiology, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Islamic Republic of - - 2014
It is sometimes difficult to insert a nasogastric tube in an anaesthetized patient. We evaluated the benefit of reinforcing the distal portion of the nasogastric tube with a Nelaton catheter: 8 and 10 French Nelaton catheters were inserted into 16 and 18 French nasogastric tubes respectively through the first proximal ...
Gaszynska Ewelina E Department of Hygiene and Health Promotion, Medical University of Lodz, - - 2014
Objective. Advanced airway management, endotracheal intubation (ETI), during CPR is more difficult than, for example, during anesthesia. However, new devices such as video laryngoscopes should help in such circumstances. The aim of this study was to assess the performance of the KingVision video laryngoscopes in a manikin cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) ...
Khademi Abbas Ali AA Department of Endodontics, Torabinejad Dental Research Center, Iranian Academy of Medical Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the substantivity of chlorhexidine (CHX) and doxycycline bond to the dentin in diffusion disk method. A total of 92 dentin disks were prepared from Bovine's teeth root. After removing cementum and standardizing disks in weight and outer diameter, they were irrigated with ...
Sezen Gulbin G Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Faculty of Medicine, Duzce University Duzce, - - 2014
Caudal block is the regional anesthetic technique that is used most frequently in pediatric surgery and bupivacaine and levobupivacaine are widely utilized in this technique. Opioid drugs have been added to local anesthetic solutions to prolong duration of analgesia but ideal combination were not found. We compared the postoperative analgesic ...
Tsutsumi Yasuo M YM Department of Anesthesiology, The University of Tokushima, 3-18-15 Kuramoto, Tokushima 770-8503, - - 2014
The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is 30-50% after surgery. PONV occurs frequently, especially after craniotomy. In this study, we investigated the preventive effects on PONV in a randomized study by comparing patients who had been administered fosaprepitant, a neurokinin-1 (NK1) receptor antagonist, or ondansetron intravenously. Sixty-four patients ...
Turalba Angela V AV Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA, USA ; Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2014
To evaluate intraoperative subtenon triamcinolone acetonide (TA) as an adjunct to Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) implantation. Retrospective comparative case series. Forty-two consecutive cases of uncontrolled glaucoma undergoing AGV implantation: 19 eyes receiving intraoperative subtenon TA and 23 eyes that did not receive TA. A retrospective chart review was performed on ...
Farhad Mollashahi Narges N Department of Endodontics, Dental School, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, - - 2014
An overlooked but important part of successful root canal treatment is a straight-line access (SLA). The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the efficacy of IntroFile and PreRaCe rotary instruments with Gates Glidden (GG) drills in gaining SLA by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). A total of forty ...
Ryu Jung-Hee JH Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 166 Gumi-ro, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do 463-707, South Korea ; Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South - - 2014
Craniotomy patients have a high incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). This prospective, randomized, double-blind, multi-center study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of prophylactic ramosetron in preventing PONV compared with ondansetron after elective craniotomy in adult patients. A total of 160 American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II ...
Chandon Michel M Department of Anesthesiology, Hôpital Foch, Suresnes, - - 2014
To compare the analgesic effect of ultrasound-guided Transversus Abdominis Plane (TAP) block versus Continuous Wound Infusion (CWI) with levobupivacaine after caesarean delivery. We recruited parturients undergoing elective caesareans for this multicenter study. Following written informed consent, they received a spinal anaesthetic without intrathecal morphine for their caesarean section. The postoperative ...
Kapusuz Ozlem O Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Training and Research Hospital, Vatan Caddesi No. 33, Demetevler, 06200 Ankara, - - 2014
Aim. Comparing the effectivity of prilocaine and prilocaine alkalinized with 8.4% NaHCO3 in terms of sensory and motor block onset and termination durations in RIVA technique considering patients' satisfaction and tolerance with application of tourniquet undergoing hand-wrist surgery. Materials and Methods. 64 patients were randomised into two groups. First group ...
Alkan M M Anesthesiology and Reanimation Department of Medicine Faculity, University of Gazi, Ankara, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the analgesic effects of postoperative epidural administration of neostigmine and morphine in patients scheduled for caesarean section under epidural anaesthesia. Sixty ASA I-II patients, scheduled for caesarean section under epidural anaesthesia, were randomly allocated into three groups. Neostigmine (10 μg/kg), morphine (3 ...
Soy Fatih Kemal FK Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Mardin State Hospital, Mardin, - - 2013
Tonsillectomies are the most frequently applied operations in the ENT practice. Even though different surgical tonsillectomy techniques have been used, bipolar cautery is the most frequently used one. Our aim was to compare postoperative bleeding rates, pain scores and recovery times in tonsillectomies performed by using bipolar cautery in Joules ...
Ota Noritaka N Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mt. Fuji Shizuoka Children's Hospital, Shizuoka, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2013
We adopted a policy of rapid-staged bilateral pulmonary artery banding (bPAB) before the Norwood (NW) procedure for all patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. We hypothesized that this strategy might mitigate some of the traditional risk factors and that postponing a major bypass procedure beyond the newborn period could have ...
Gupta Vasudha V California Northstate University College of Pharmacy, Department of Clinical & Administrative Sciences, Rancho Cordova, CA, - - 2013
Background:The safety and efficacy of warfarin depend on maintaining the international normalized ratio (INR) in an established range.Objective:The purpose was to determine whether a coordinated pharmacist-led approach improved percentage of INRs in therapeutic range in comparison to a physician-led anticoagulation management service (AMS).Methods:A retrospective chart review was conducted for patients ...
Veal Christopher C Anesthesiology, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA, - - 2013
Adductor canal catheters have been shown to improve analgesia while maintaining quadriceps strength after total knee arthroplasty. We describe a patient who underwent total knee arthroplasty that likely had delayed quadriceps weakness as a result of a standard continuous 0.2% ropivacaine infusion at 8 ml/h within the adductor canal. On the ...
Ozçelik Derya D From the *Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Esthetic Surgery, Düzce Medical Faculty, Düzce University, Düzce; †Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Esthetic Surgery, Karaman State Hospital, Karaman; Departments of †Anesthesiology, and §Biostatistics, Düzce Medical Faculty, Düzce University, Düzce, - - 2013
Trigeminocardiac reflex (TCR) consists of bradycardia or asystole along with hypotension and apnea coinciding with stimulation of the trigeminal nerve. During rhinoplasty procedures, we noticed that local anesthetic solution (LAS) application to the columellar area results in bradycardia. We planned to conduct a randomized prospective study on 47 patients undergoing ...
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