Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2157
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Quillfeldt Susanne von - - 2013
This institutional anaesthetic practice evaluation compared patient safety with respect to residual neuromuscular blockade (NMB) at the time of tracheal extubation in patients undergoing high-risk eye surgery. Two muscle relaxation regimens were compared: rocuronium administered via intravenous (i.v.) bolus dosing combined with reversal through sugammadex at end of surgery (group ...
Green Connor - - 2013
Total hip arthroplasty is associated with significant postoperative pain. A psoas compartment block is superior to other regional techniques in analgesia post THA. However, traditional methods of delivery are associated with serious complications. We present a technique of a surgeon delivered lumbar plexus block through injection at the portion of ...
Kullmann A - - 2013
Recent research suggested that prophylactic digital cryotherapy (ICE) improved lameness scores, diminished histological changes and early laminar inflammatory signalling in horses following oligofructose administration. In clinical practice, horses at risk for sepsis-associated laminitis receive prophylactic digital cryotherapy (ICE). Evidence to support this practice is lacking. To determine factors associated with ...
Powers Matthew A - - 2013
Examine outcomes of varied postoperative sedation management in pediatric patients recovering from single stage laryngotracheal reconstruction. Retrospective review of 34 patients treated with single stage laryngotracheal reconstruction from 2001 through 2011. Tertiary children's Hospital. Patients were divided into 2 groups: those managed postoperatively with sedation, with or without paralysis (group ...
Comfere Nneka I - - 2013
Dermatopathology reports influence clinical management, but it is not clear to what extent comments on margin involvement of histopathologically dysplastic nevi (HDN) influence decisions about re-excision or complete excision. We sought to determine if standardized margin comments (MCs) on HDN influence re-excision rates. By reviewing medical records, we compared re-excision ...
Hu Wei - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of subcarinal dissection on short-term outcome and survival following esophagectomy in patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. A total of 2252 patients underwent an esophagectomy for esophageal cancer from January 1997 to December 2008, of whom 1419 patients met ...
Ntinas A - - 2013
Fast-track recovery protocols are applied to major surgeries, including hepatectomies. The optimal duration of thoracic epidural catheter has not yet been defined. To determine the ideal time to remove the epidural catheter after major hepatectomy. Forty-eight consecutive patients who underwent major hepatectomy over 4 years were studied. The data from ...
Lannin Natasha A - - 2013
To compare the efficiency and differential costs of telephone- vs. mail-based assessments of outcome in patients registered in a national clinical quality of care registry, the Australian Stroke Clinical Registry (AuSCR). The participants admitted to hospital with stroke or transient ischemic attack were randomly assigned to complete a health questionnaire ...
Amit Moran - - 2013
This single-blinded, prospective, randomized controlled trial compared the efficacy and safety of an oxidized cellulose patch (Surgicel [Johnson and Johnson]) with conventional procedures for achieving hemostasis in thyroid surgery. The study included 190 patients scheduled for thyroidectomy. Patients were randomized into 1 conventionally treated (ligatures and bipolar electrocautery) group (n = ...
Fang Chi-Hua - - 2013
The aim of our study was to evaluate the perioperative and long-term outcomes of hepatectomy based on 3-dimensional reconstruction technique for hepatolithiasis by comparing it with traditional hepatectomy. From December 2005 to September 2012, 56 consecutive patients underwent hepatectomy based on 3-dimensional reconstruction technique for hepatolithiasis in our hospital (group ...
Ahn Jaesang - - 2013
Objective-To evaluate the effects of peribulbar anesthesia (sub-Tenon injection of lidocaine hydrochloride) on akinesia of extraocular muscles, mydriasis, and intraoperative and postoperative analgesia in dogs undergoing phacoemulsification. Animals-14 Beagles with ophthalmically normal eyes. Procedures-A blinded randomized controlled trial was performed. Dogs were anesthetized and assigned to 2 treatments: concurrent sub-Tenon ...
Wang Yan - - 2013
To investigate characteristics of straylight before and after thin-flap LASIK performed with femtosecond laser versus with mechanical microkeratome and assess changes at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, 6 months, and 1 year postoperatively. One hundred twenty-eight consecutive eyes from 66 patients were included in this prospective study. Sixty-one eyes ...
Sun Chi-Chin - - 2013
Dry eye is the most common complication after LASIK procedure and is associated with corneal denervation. We conducted the study to compare dry eye parameters and corneal sensitivity (CS) after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) with a femtosecond laser (FS) or microkeratome (MK). In this prospective, nonrandomized, comparative study, 87 ...
Bisdas Theodosios - - 2013
Purpose : To assess the effectiveness of the 20-F preloaded fenestrated stent-graft (FSG) to facilitate safe and quick catheterization of both renal arteries and its impact on relevant procedure variables in the management of pararenal aortic aneurysms (PAAs). Methods : Between June 2012 when preloaded FSG became available in our ...
Siddiqui Ali Sarfraz - - 2013
Objective: To assess the efficacy of pre-incisional peritonsillar infiltration of two doses of ketamine on postoperative analgesia compared with peritonsillar normal saline in children undergoing tonsillectomy. Study Design: Double blind, randomized controlled trial. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Anaesthesiology, Surgical Intensive Care and Pain Management, Civil Hospital, Karachi, ...
Abbas Kashif - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate whether tourniquet release intraoperatively is better than postoperative release in reducing overall blood loss, duration of surgery, duration of tourniquet, length of hospital stay, wound related complications and transfusion requirement. Study Design: Comparative study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Surgery, The Aga Khan University Hospital, ...
Isik Cengiz - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the influence of type II diabetes mellitus (DM) on the postoperative outcomes of mini-open carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) surgery. A total of 99 hands in 74 patients were included in the study. Of these, 36 patients (54 hands) had type II DM (Group A), and ...
Uçar Bekir Yavuz - - 2013
The authors retrospectively studied 43 children with femoral fractures, treated with titanium elastic nailing (TEN). Twenty-two underwent closed fluoroscopic reduction ( Group I), whereas the other 21 underwent mini-open reduction (Group II). The operation time averaged 71 minutes in group I, and 48 minutes in group II (p < 0.001). ...
Hussien Salah M M - - 2013
Ninety children infected with Cryptosporidium parvum attending Al-Azhar University Teaching Hospital (Assuit) were chosen (60 males & 30 females) with age range from 6 months to ten years. The patients were divided into two groups of 45 patients for each (G1 & G2). All patients suffered from chronic diarrhea for ...
Costa Priscila - - 2013
This study aimed to characterize the analgesia and sedation strategies in neonates having a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) placed, and to relate it to the number of venipunctures, duration of procedure and catheter tip position. This was a cross-sectional study with prospective data collection, conducted in a neonatal intensive ...
Kadivar Maliheh M Department of Pediatrics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran ; Children's Medical Center, Pediatrics Center of Excellence, Tehran, - - 2013
Apparent Life-Threatening Events (ALTEs) is an episode that is frightening to the observer and is characterized by some combination of apnea, color change, altered muscle tone, choking, and gagging. This study was designed to evaluate and follow up neonates who presented with clinical manifestation of an ALTE in a year. ...
Park Juwan - - 2013
To compare the outcomes of coaxial microincision cataract surgery (MICS) performed with 3 phacoemulsification techniques (phaco-chop, divide-and-conquer, and stop-and-chop) according to cataract density. Bucheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea. Prospective randomized clinical trial. Eyes with nuclear density from grade 2 to 4 ...
Haverkamp U F - - 2013
Purpose: The necessity of refresher courses is controversial and is frequently questioned. The present study examines whether the courses have a lasting effect and whether improvements are indicated.Materials and Methods: With the help of a questionnaire (9 questions) to be answered before the course, a self-assessment was performed and questions about ...
Joseph J - - 2013
Achieving soft tissue balance is an operative goal in total knee arthroplasty. This randomised, prospective study compared computer navigation to conventional techniques in achieving soft tissue balance. Forty one consecutive knee arthroplasties were randomised to either a non-navigated or navigated group. In the non-navigated group, balancing was carried out using ...
Vecchia Maria Paula Della - - 2013
This study aimed to quantify the costs of complete denture fabrication by a simplified method compared with a conventional protocol. A sample of edentulous patients needing conventional maxillary and mandibular complete dentures was randomly divided into group S, which received dentures fabricated by a simplified method, and group C, which ...
Varikooty Jalaiah - - 2013
To evaluate subjective ocular comfort across the day with three silicone hydrogel daily disposables (SHDDs) in a group of adapted lens wearers. Masked subjects (asymptomatic or symptomatic of end-of-day (EOD) dryness with habitual lenses) wore three SHDDs: DAILIES TOTAL1 (DT1), Clariti 1day (C1D), or 1-DAY ACUVUE TRUEYE (AVTE), each for ...
Wuethrich Patrick Y - - 2013
Anesthetics and neuraxial anesthesia commonly result in vasodilation/hypotension. Norepinephrine counteracts this effect and thus allows for decreased intraoperative hydration. The authors investigated whether this approach could result in reduced postoperative complication rate. In this single-center, double-blind, randomized, superiority trial, 166 patients undergoing radical cystectomy and urinary diversion were equally allocated ...
Wiesmann T - - 2013
Background and Objectives: Peripheral regional anaesthesia is beneficial in the management of postoperative pain in hip surgery, and can also reduce post-operative care unit (PACU) stay. Its opioid-sparing actions may also be beneficial for respiratory mechanics and pulmonary function. The aim of our pilot study was to evaluate the effect ...
Baumbach Hardy - - 2013
Background Minimally invasive extracorporeal circulation (MECC) technology was applied predominantly in coronary surgery. Data regarding the application of MECC in minimally invasive valve surgery are missing largely.Patients and Methods Patients undergoing isolated minimally invasive mitral or aortic valve procedures were allocated either to conventional extracorporeal circulation (CECC) group (n = ...
Konig Gerhardt - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine if tranexamic acid (TXA) applied topically reduced postoperative bleeding and transfusion rates after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) and primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Two hundred and ninety consecutive patients from a single surgeon were enrolled. In TKA, TXA solution was injected ...
Ionescu Daniela C - - 2013
Little is known about the effects of small doses of dexamethasone used for the prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting on the innate host response. We studied the influence of dexamethasone 4 mg on the perioperative plasma concentrations of interleukins after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We hypothesised that there would be differences in ...
Steiner Matthew B - - 2013
There is cross-center variability with regard to timing repair of non-ductal-dependent tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). We hypothesized that earlier repair in the neonatal period is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. This was a retrospective analysis of the Pediatric Health Information System of tetralogy of Fallot patients undergoing complete repair ...
Safarinejad Mohammad Reza - - 2013
Objective: To compare the outcomes of macroscopic one-layer vasovasostomy (MOLVV) with those of two-layer microsurgical vasovasostomy (TLMVV). Methods: Standard TLMVV was performed in 112 men (Group 1), while MOLVV was performed in 94 patients. All of the MOLVVs were performed with number 1 nylon suture as a temporary stent. The ...
Atashkhoyi Simin - - 2013
Diagnostic gynaecological laparoscopy (DGL) is a brief procedure, generally performed on an outpatient basis. Propofol-fentanyl is often used for anaesthesia in minor outpatient procedures because of its rapid onset, short duration of action and smooth patient awakening. However, propofol has various cardiovascular effects such as reduced arterial pressure, cardiac output ...
Stewart S - - 2013
There is disagreement among surgeons whether jejunoileostomy (JI) or jejunocaecostomy (JC) is a better method of anastomosis following proximal ileal resection. To compare short- and long-term complications and outcome in horses undergoing jejunojejunostomy (JJ), JI, and JC and to test the hypotheses that a higher proportion of horses undergoing JI ...
Graham Eric M - - 2013
Neonatal cardiac surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass results in a heightened inflammatory response. Perioperative glucocorticoid administration is commonly used in an attempt to reduce the inflammatory cascade, although characterization of the cytokine response to steroids in neonatal cardiac surgery remains elusive because of highly variable approaches in administration. This randomized trial ...
Maltese Giovanni - - 2013
Abstract Surgical correction of trigonocephaly is performed by fronto-orbital reshaping and advancement. Some authors supplement the fronto-orbital remodelling with direct surgical correction of the hypotelorism, but the role of this step of the procedure has been questioned. At Sahlgrenska University Hospital, hypotelorism in metopic synostosis is treated with spring-assisted surgery ...
Jia J-E - - 2013
We studied the effects of intranasal dexmedetomidine combined with oral ketamine for premedication in children. One hundred and sixty children aged between 2 and 6 years were randomly allocated to one of four groups: 1 μg.kg(-1) intranasal dexmedetomidine with 3 mg.kg(-1) oral ketamine (Group 1); 1 μg.kg(-1) intranasal dexmedetomidine with 5 mg.kg(-1) oral ketamine (Group ...
Ihedioha U - - 2013
Recent advances in surgery have focussed on perioperative care and interventions to improve outcome following surgery. Psychological preparation has a positive impact on recovery and incorporates a range of strategies with dissemination of information as one of the key elements. Information can be given verbally, through printed information or through ...
Giorni Chiara - - 2013
Bleeding during and after cardiac surgery is a major issue in pediatric patients. A prospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate the effect of a commercially available prothrombin complex (Confidex) administered in cardiac surgery after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass of infants with nonsurgical bleeding. In this study, 14 patients younger ...
Nemati Shadman - - 2013
Nasal skin thickness has an important role in aesthetic results of rhinoplasty. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term results of tip and supratip skin defatting technique in rhinoplasty subjects using ultrasonography. Prospective, randomized, case-control study. Among 111 rhinoplasty cases referred to a university hospital between February ...
Gutzeit Andreas - - 2013
The purpose of this prospective study was to compare a 21G micropuncture needle with a regular 19G access needle for direct superficial femoral artery (SFA) access. A total of 100 consecutive patients were randomized to each group. Ultrasound-guided antegrade puncture of the SFA was performed using either a 21G or ...
Marano Luigi - - 2013
Enteral immunodiet has been gaining increasing attention, but experimental data of its clinical effects in patients with gastric cancer are inconsistent, contradictory, and poorly investigated. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of early postoperative enteral immunonutrition on clinical and immunological outcomes in a homogeneous group of ...
Abell Robin G - - 2013
To determine whether postoperative ocular inflammation is less after femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery than after conventional phacoemulsification (manual) cataract surgery. Private clinic, Launceston, Tasmania, Australia. Prospective consecutive investigator-masked nonrandomized parallel cohort study. Consecutive cataract patients who had femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery or manual cataract surgery by the same surgeon at ...
Garcia Pedro - - 2013
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common condition in hospital patients. Considerable controversy is ongoing regarding optimal initial warfarin dosing for patients with acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). Achieving a therapeutic international normalized ratio (INR) with warfarin as soon as possible is important because this minimizes the ...
Osby Melanie - - 2013
Unfractionated heparin (UFH) is a commonly used catheter lock solution, but may lead to various complications. Acid-citrate-dextrose Formula A (ACD-A), the standard anticoagulant used in therapeutic apheresis (TA), is an alternative. We compared the efficacy of these two anticoagulants as primary catheter lock solutions. The following outcomes were analyzed retrospectively ...
Zhan Hai-Lun - - 2013
Objective: To compare operative time, safety and effectiveness of minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) in the supine lithotomy versus prone position. Methods: Between January 2008 and December 2010, a total of 109 consecutive patients with upper urinary tract calculi were enrolled and randomly divided into group A (53 patients, supine ...
Lucas Y Hernandez J - - 2013
Providing pain relief for ankle osteoarthritis and delaying the need for a radical surgery procedure is difficult to achieve with analgesics that have limited efficacy or are not devoid of substantial side effects. The goals of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of viscosupplementation, explore which factors better predict ...
Yiu Glenn - - 2013
To compare functional and anatomical outcomes after idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM) peeling combined with phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation versus ERM peeling alone. A retrospective, non-randomised comparative case series study was conducted of 81 eyes from 79 patients who underwent ERM peeling at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center between ...
Sgourakis George - - 2013
The aim of this prospective study was to examine whether serum neurotensin, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-8 are early predictor of bowel ischaemia especially in clinically equivocal cases. To this end, 56 patients were assigned to the following groups according to their disease: bowel ischaemia (group 1: n = 14), small bowel obstruction ...
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