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Results 351 - 400 of 2437
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Breebaart M B - - 2014
This randomised, double blind prospective study compares intrathecal lidocaine with chloroprocaine in day-case surgery and the influence of a 500 ml pre-load intravenously. We tested the hypothesis that chloroprocaine provides faster recovery and discharge in day-case surgery. Secondary we studied the influence of a preload compared with fluid restriction on ...
Uyar Ihsan Sami IS Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Sifa University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, - - 2014
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8, and neopterin as a sign of systemic inflammatory response syndrome after open-heart surgery. In this study, we evaluated the influences on the levels of IL-6, IL-8, and neopterin of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) ...
Pham Khanh N - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to determine if administration of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) immediately following radical cystectomy and urinary diversion provides significant recovery benefit when compared to patients who did not receive TPN. Retrospective chart review was performed on patients who underwent open radical cystectomy and urinary diversion ...
Kunopart Mutita - - 2014
Pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is severe, thus adequate pain control can be a challenge. Intrathecal morphine (ITM) provides excellent postoperative analgesia for TKA, but may have side effects. Femoral nerve block (FNB) also has been used for postoperative analgesia in TKA. We examined postoperative analgesia efficacy and side ...
Singh Preet Mohinder - - 2014
This study compared 2 well-accepted and safe methods of pediatric inhalation induction using sevoflurane. Incremental and fixed 8% induction methods were evaluated for economic outcomes by comparing the amount of liquid sevoflurane consumed. We also tried to establish the relation between cost of induction and demographic parameters in both groups. ...
Wuethrich Patrick Y PY From the Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy (P.Y.W., F.S.) and Department of Urology (F.C.B., G.N.T., U.E.S.), University Hospital Bern, Bern, - - 2014
Anesthetics and neuraxial anesthesia commonly result in vasodilation/hypotension. Norepinephrine counteracts this effect and thus allows for decreased intraoperative hydration. The authors investigated whether this approach could result in reduced postoperative complication rate. In this single-center, double-blind, randomized, superiority trial, 166 patients undergoing radical cystectomy and urinary diversion were equally allocated ...
Al-Zaben Khaled R - - 2014
The present study is a prospective randomized double-blinded study that designed to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of postoperative pain control and incidence of complications between ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric nerve block and intravenous morphine in paediatric patients undergoing unilateral orchidopexy in day surgery unit. Seventy patients aged 2-12 years were randomly allocated ...
Sivak Wesley N WN Pittsburgh, Pa. From the Department of Pediatric Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Cleft/Craniofacial Center, Children's Hospital of - - 2014
This study demonstrates the safety and efficacy of allograft alone in revision alveolar bone graft surgery. A retrospective review of the authors' institution's alveolar bone graft experience (from 2004 to 2012) with open iliac crest bone graft, minimal-access iliac crest bone graft plus supplemental allograft, and revision allograft alone was ...
Kallio Merja M Department of Pediatrics, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, - - 2014
Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) has been shown to improve patient-ventilator synchrony during invasive ventilation. The aim of this trial was to study NAVA as a primary ventilation mode in pediatric intensive care and to compare it with current standard ventilation modes. One hundred seventy pediatric intensive care patients were ...
Kopcsányi Gábor G Department of Pediatrics, University of Pécs Medical School, Pécs, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
Contradictory data have been published on the outcomes of ear surgeries in cleft patients. To investigate whether there are differences in the short and long term outcomes of tympanoplasty performed due to childhood chronic mesotympanic otitis media in patients without and with cleft palate. Tertiary care pediatric medical centre. The ...
Wine Todd M TM Department of Otolaryngology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora2Department of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Children's Hospital of Colorado, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Tracheocutaneous fistula (TCF) can be repaired using various techniques. This research is an outcomes and health care use comparative analysis of 2 commonly used techniques to repair TCF. OBJECTIVES To compare outcomes and health care use for 2 techniques of TCF repair. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Retrospective cohort study ...
Pavlakis Kitty K 1st Department of Pathology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (K.P.) Department of Pathology, "IASO" Women's Hospital (K.P., T.G.) Department of Laparoscopic Surgery, "Lefkos Stavros" (G.P.) 2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (T.P.) Department of Pathology, Medical School, University of Crete (T.V.), Crete, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to evaluate whether the preoperative intrauterine injection of methylene blue could help in visualizing the endometrium of uterine morcellation specimens. A total of 48 laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomies using the uterine morcellation technique were used for the study. In 19 of these cases, a preoperative ...
Gu Hai-Feng HF Department of Orthopedics, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, No.158 Shangtang Road, Hangzhou, 310014, Zhejiang, - - 2014
To compare the outcomes of diffuse pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) of the knee treated with routine anteroposterior open surgery or modified multi-directional arthroscopy. Medical records of patients with diffuse PVNS who underwent surgery between 2002 and 2010 were reviewed. Patients were followed up at 3, 6, 12, 24, and 36 months. ...
Ambrosio Art A Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, California, - - 2014
To detect a difference in (1) intubation success and (2) successful intubation times between novice physicians using a Macintosh-style or video-assisted laryngoscope on a difficult airway manikin. Prospective randomized trial. Academic, tertiary medical center. Forty first-year residents across a variety of disciplines with fewer than 5 total live intubations were ...
Haksever Mehmet M Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Bursa Sevket Yilmaz Training and Research Hospital, 16800 , Yıldırım, Bursa, Turkey, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to compare the inlay butterfly transcanal cartilage tympanoplasty with the conventional underlay tympanoplasty. Operation time, pre- and postoperative hearing levels, successful closure rate of tympanic membrane (take rate) and long-term re-perforation in dry perforated chronic otitis media were evaluated. The study design consists of ...
Kayaci Selim S Department of Neurosurgery, Recep Tayyip Erdogan - - 2014
The postoperative results of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) procedures using catheterization and tearing of inner membrane (CTIM) technique have not previously been discussed in the literature. This article compares the effects of CTIM technique on brain re-expansion and re-accumulation with cases operated on with a burr-hole craniotomy and outer membrane ...
Sidler-Maier Claudia C CC Orthopaedic Division of the Department of Surgery, University Children's Hospital, Steinwiesstr. 75, 8032, Zurich, - - 2014
Femoral osteotomy is one of the most widely performed reconstructive operations in pediatric orthopedic surgery. Many implants for fixation have been used, but so far there is no literature about the application and outcome of the LCP 140° Pediatric Hip Plate for proximal femoral valgisation in children. Data of patients ...
Desai Mihir M MM USC Institute of Urology, Catherine and Joseph Aresty Department of Urology, Keck Medical Center of USC, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Concerns have been raised regarding partial nephrectomy (PN) techniques that do not occlude the main renal artery. Compare the perioperative outcomes of superselective versus main renal artery control during robotic PN. A retrospective analysis of 121 consecutive patients undergoing robotic PN using superselective control (group 1, n=58) or main artery ...
Borchert Dietmar H DH Department of General, Visceral, Vascular and Pediatric Surgery, and Institute of Biometry, Epidemiology and Medical Informatics, Saarland University Hospitals, Kirrberger Straße 100, 66421, Homburg, Saarland, Germany, - - 2014
Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has the potential to reduce postoperative pain. We compared postoperative pain in the hybrid NOTES procedure transvaginal video-assisted cholecystectomy (TVC) with standard conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC). Single-center, double-blind, randomized controlled trial in a level II hospital between June 2008 and June 2012. Female patients, ...
Abud Burcin B Cardiovascular Surgery Department, Izmir Tepecik Research an Education Hospital, Izmir, - - 2014
IntroductionWe aimed to investigate whether the temperature of tumescent anesthesia is important, if so, to establish an opinion about the ideal temperature.Materials and methodsEndovenous laser ablations were performed in 72 patients; 35 patients (Group A) received tumescent anesthesia at +4, while other 37 patients (Group B) received tumescent anesthesia at ...
Yoshida T T Division of Anesthesiology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata-city, - - 2014
Factors affecting the distribution of continuous thoracic paravertebral block have never been examined. We designed this prospective, double-blind study to check whether continuous thoracic paravertebral block with a higher ropivacaine concentration would provide a wider segmental sensory block spread. Sixty consecutive patients undergoing pulmonary lobectomy or segmentectomy were randomly allocated ...
Chaykovska Lyubov L Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Opiates are widely used for postoperative pain relief. Unfortunately, their side effects, such as inhibited gastrointestinal motility and respiratory depression may compromise or delay postoperative recovery after laparotomy. We used paraincisional subcutaneous catheters and applied 0.25% ropivacaine infusion to improve pain relief and decrease postoperative morphine consumption in patients after ...
Miwa Yosuke Y Department of Cardiology, Good Samaritan Hospital, 1225 Wilshire Boulevard, Third floor, Los Angeles, CA 90017, - - 2014
The step-wise approach to catheter ablation for persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) requires considerable substrate modification targeting at complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAEs) in addition to pulmonary vein (PV) isolation. An alternative strategy that minimizes the amount of ablation would be desirable. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ...
Onal Bulent B University of Istanbul, Cerrahpasa School of Medicine, Department of Urology, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To analyze the success and complication rates of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) performed in pediatric patients and to compare outcomes of the patients undergoing primary PCNL with those of patients who had undergone previous open nephrolithotomy. Between 2000 and 2011, PNL procedures were performed in 123 renal units (RU) of 111 ...
Verma Atul A 1Southlake Regional Health Centre, Newmarket, Ontario, - - 2014
-This study compared generalized CFAE ablation vs a selective CFAE ablation strategy targeting areas of continuous electrical activity (CEA). -Subjects with symptomatic, persistent/high burden paroxysmal AF were enrolled at 6 centers (n=86) & randomized to one of 2 arms. For group I, all CFAE regions with an interval confidence level ...
Zoric L L Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management, Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire Carémeau, Place du Professeur Debré, Nîmes, - - 2014
/st>The infiltration of local anaesthetic (LA), ketorolac, and epinephrine has been suggested to be effective for analgesia after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The part of action of each component of the mixture remains unclear. We investigated the contribution of infiltration of ropivacaine alone on the morphine consumption during the first ...
Heist Kathleen K Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Colorado Denver, 1635 Aurora Court, F 729 Aurora, Denver, CO, 80045, USA, - - 2014
Leaders in medical education have called for redesign of internal medicine training to improve ambulatory care training. 4 + 1 block scheduling is one innovative approach to enhance ambulatory education. To determine the impact of 4 + 1 scheduling on resident clinic continuity. Resident continuity clinic in traditional scheduling in which clinics are scheduled ...
Tuffaha Haitham W HW Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia, - - 2014
Millions of peripheral intravenous catheters are used worldwide. The current guidelines recommend routine catheter replacement every 72-96 h. This practice requires increasing healthcare resource use. The clinically indicated catheter replacement strategy is proposed as an alternative. To assess the cost effectiveness of clinically indicated versus routine replacement of peripheral intravenous catheters. ...
Vallabhajosyula Prashanth P Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
At our institution, type I bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) patients with aortic insufficiency (AI) who are candidates for valve preservation are stratified into two groups by aortic root pathology: nonaneurysmal root undergoing primary cusp repair + subcommissural annuloplasty (repair group) vs aneurysmal root undergoing primary cusp repair + root reimplantation (reimplantation group). ...
Park Sang Hyoung SH *Department of Gastroenterology, and †Department of Colon and Rectal Surgery, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
To date, no large-scale studies have evaluated the prognosis of Crohn's disease (CD) over a period of 3 decades in non-Caucasian populations. The aims of this study were to update the current information on the long-term prognosis of CD using a large series of patients and to evaluate changes in ...
Gurnaney Harshad H From the Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Perelman School of Medicine at University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Although the role of regional anesthesia in pediatric patients has been increasing over the last few years, there are only a few small case series that describe the use of ambulatory continuous peripheral nerve blocks (CPNBs) in this patient population. In this report, we describe our experience with the use ...
Gulabi D D Dr Lütfi Kırdar Kartal Training and Research Hospital, Kartal, İstanbul, - - 2014
We present the clinical results and ultrasonographic findings of 61 trigger digits treated with percutaneous A1 pulley release. An endoscopic carpal tunnel knife was used for the release in the outpatient department. The mean follow-up period was 3.5 months. A total of 55 digits (90%) had complete relief of their ...
Ramlawi Basel B From the Houston Methodist DeBakey Heart & Vascular Center, Houston, TX - - 2014
Reoperative coronary surgery patients are usually sicker and older, and the procedure is more technically demanding. Comparisons between coronary surgery with (coronary artery bypass [CAB] surgery on cardiopulmonary bypass [CPB]) and without (off-pump CAB [OPCAB]) the pump have been conducted; however, few studies showed results in reoperative cases. We investigate ...
Ota Daisuke D Department of Breast and Endocrine Surgery, Mitsui Memorial Hospital, Tokyo, - - 2014
Because the number of patients with breast cancer who have reconstruction after mastectomy is increasing, we analyzed the outcomes of reconstruction with tissue expanders (TEs). From 2004 to 2009, 133 patients with unilateral primary breast cancer who required mastectomy concurrent with reconstruction using TEs (TE group) and 308 patients with ...
Daşkaya Hayrettin H Anesthesia and Reanimation Clinic, Faculty of Medicine, Bezmialem Vakıf University, Istanbul, - - 2014
The objective of the study was to assess the more efficacious anesthesia method in septal surgery. The prospective study was conducted at an academic secondary referral center. A prospective chart review of 60 patients, between the ages of 16 and 65, who underwent septal surgery under general (GA) or sedation ...
Price Richard B RB Dr. Price is a professor and the head, Fixed Prosthodontics, Department of Dental Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Address correspondence to Dr. Price at Department of Dental Clinical Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 4R2, Canada, - - 2014
/st> The authors evaluated the effectiveness of using a patient simulator (MARC Patient Simulator [MARC PS], BlueLight analytics, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada), to instruct dental students (DS) on how to deliver energy optimally to a restoration from a curing light. Five months later, the authors evaluated the retention of the ...
Lee Seung-Hwa SH Center for Health Promotion, Department of Family Practice and Community Health, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of Korea. Email: - - 2014
High success rate of intubation and short intubation time have been needed to endoscopists for a complete and comfortable colonoscopy, if possible. The purpose of present study was to compare procedure efficiencies according to adult-colonoscope length. This was a prospective, randomized, single-blinded controlled trial. A total of 239 healthy Korean ...
Raposo-Amaral Cassio Eduardo CE From the Institute of Plastic and Craniofacial Surgery, SOBRAPAR Hospital, Campinas, São Paulo, - - 2014
Characterizing the cutaneous upper lip height changes after unilateral cleft lip repair is very important to plan the surgical maneuvers, anticipate the need for overcorrection of the vertical dimension of the lips, and instruct the family on the postoperative outcomes. The aim of this study was to objectively analyze the ...
Bashir Muhammad Mustehsan MM Department of Plastic Surgery, King Edward Medical University, Mayo Hospital, - - 2014
Objective: To compare intercostal nerve block before and after rib harvest in terms of mean postoperative pain score and mean postoperative tramadol usage. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Plastic Surgery, Mayo Hospital, KEMU, Lahore, from January 2011 to July 2012. Methodology: Patients (n ...
Wong King-Ying KY *Department of Tuberculosis and Chest, TWGHs Wong Tai Sin Hospital, Wong Tai Sin, Kowloon Departments of †Medicine and Geriatrics ‡Radiology, Kwong Wah Hospital, Yau Ma Tei, Hong - - 2014
Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) improves bronchoscopic diagnosis of peripheral lung lesions (PLLs). The procedure time is lengthened by the search through multiple bronchial branches to PLLs. Virtual bronchoscopy (VB) provides endobronchial views that simulate findings at bronchoscopy. An open source software can be employed to study VB and hence the endobronchial ...
Ge Bujun - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and cost effectiveness of the gasless laparoscopic appendectomy (GLA) and conventional laparoscopic appendectomy (LA). From Aug 2010 to Feb 2012, 100 patients with a clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis in Shanghai Tongji hospital were included in the study and ...
Wang Yanbo Y Department of Urology,The First Hospital of Jilin University.Changchun, - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate the percutaneous access outcomes and complications following percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) that was obtained by sonographer or urologist at a single academic institution. Material and Methods: A retrospective chart review of 259 patients who underwent PCNL was performed. Patients were stratified according to percutaneous access by sonographer (group ...
Wang Wei W Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510120, China ; ; Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Disease & China State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou 510120, China - - 2014
To assess the feasibility and safety of the video-assisted thoracoscopy surgery (VATS) systematic lymph node dissection in resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The clinical data of patients with NSCLC who underwent VATS or thoracotomy combined with lobectomy and systematic lymphadenectomy from January 2001 to January 2008 were retrospectively analyzed ...
Nessler Michał Bohdan MB Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Children's Burn Centre, University Children's Hospital, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, - - 2014
Background Cutaneous wound healing results in scar formation. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) transform extracellular matrix proteins and modulate inflammation and cell signaling, thus determining scar outcome. To provide rapid wound closure and reduced scarring, dermal scaffolds were introduced. Little is known about the influence of these materials on MMPs levels. Material ...
Guo Jian-Rong JR Department of Anesthesiology, Shanghai Gongli Hospital of Pudong New District, Shanghai, China E-mail : - - 2014
Objective: To observe the effects of allogeneic and autologous transfusion on cellular immunity, humoral immunity and secretion of serum inflammatory factors and perforin during the perioperative period in patients with malignant tumors. Methods: A total of 80 patients (age: 38-69 years; body weight: 40-78 kg; ASA I - II) receiving ...
Shashidhar Jyothi J Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Modern Dental College and Research Center, Airport Road, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth filled with gutta percha and Resilon using lateral and vertical condensation methods. Materials and Methods: A total of 75 freshly extracted single-rooted teeth were selected. All samples were instrumented with profile 4% ...
Gurbet Alp A Uludag University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, Bursa, - - 2014
Patients usually suffer significant pain after lumbar laminectomy. Wound infiltration with local anesthetics is a useful method for postoperative pain control. Our aim was to compare the efficacies of preemptive wound infiltration with bupivacaine and levobupivacaine. MATERIAL and 60 patients were randomized three groups as follows: Group L wound infiltration ...
Szűcs Szilárd S Department of Anaesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, Cork University Hospital and University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. - - 2014
Fractured neck of femur generally requires operative fixation and is a common cause of admission to hospital. The combination of femoral nerve block and spinal anesthesia is a common anesthetic technique used to facilitate the surgical procedure. The optimal disposition of local anesthetic (LA) relative the femoral nerve (FN) has ...
Wang Hang H Department of Urology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to report our approach of partial nephrectomy (PN) using a supra-12th rib mini-flank incision. We compared mini-incision open partial nephrectomy (MI-OPN) with open partial nephrectomy (OPN) and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) to verify whether MI-OPN can be an alternative to OPN and LPN. This ...
Shams Tarek T Department of Anesthesia and ICU, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, - - 2014
Few previous studies proved that complications related to sickle cell disease (SCD) were common with regional anesthesia compared with general anesthesia while others reported no differences. This study was carried out to evaluate the role of prophylactic vitamin D on anesthetic outcome among male children with SCD undergoing circumcision. A ...
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