Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2157
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Yuan Xiaobin - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of retroperitoneal laparoendoscopic single-site adrenalectomy for pheochromocytoma (LESS-PHEO) and summarize our initial experience. Patients and Methods: Between June 2009 and June 2013, 21 patients with adrenal pheochromocytoma underwent adrenalectomy via LESS-PHEO in our department. Fifty three patients with pheochromocytoma underwent conventional retrolaparoscopic adrenalectomy ...
Chen Zhenguang - - 2013
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a common chronic disorder of neuromuscular transmission, frequently treated surgically. Little is known about perioperative cellular immune responses following video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) when compared with open resection. Between January and December 2009, 127 patients with non-thymomatous MG underwent surgery, with 54 undergoing VATS and 73 ...
Atroshi Isam - - 2013
Steroid injections are used in idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), but evidence of efficacy beyond 1 month is lacking. To assess the efficacy of local methylprednisolone injections in CTS. Randomized, placebo-controlled trial. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00806871). Regional referral orthopedic department in Sweden. Patients aged 18 to 70 years with CTS but no ...
Carron A - - 2013
To determine the efficacy of topical 0.3% ciprofloxacin in reducing conjunctival biota in patients undergoing cataract surgery. Experimental, prospective, randomized, controlled and single-blind study. Forty-six eyes of 46 patients were randomized into 2 groups, the study group (n=23) received topical 0.3% ciprofloxacin one day before surgery for six times, and ...
Zhaoning X - - 2013
A total of 187 patients with primary osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee undergoing total knee replacement (TKR) were randomly divided into two groups, one of which underwent synovectomy. The patients and assessors were blinded to the randomisation both before and after surgery. The duration of surgery, hospitalisation period, concealed bleeding, ...
Konieczny K - - 2013
The T-14 questionnaire is a validated patient reported outcome measure (PROM) used to assess the value of paediatric tonsillectomy from the patient's perspective. Tonsillectomy is a procedure under threat. As such, this study aimed to provide further evidence supporting the role of tonsillectomy in the management of recurrent tonsillitis and ...
Liang Xiangdang - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess a new soluble hollow stent used in an experimental sutureless adhesive bonding technique for microvascular anastomosis. Twenty-four New Zealand white rabbits were randomized into 2 groups. Twelve end-to-end anastomoses of carotid arteries were performed with glue and stent in group A. In ...
Uzun A - - 2013
To show the effects on lung function of the opening pleura in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. 66 patients were included. Patients were allocated into two groups. In group 1 (n=21) pleura was intact, in group 2 (n=45) pleura was opened. Both groups were compared prospectively in terms of preoperative and ...
Edwards Christine - - 2013
Wait times are an important measure of health care system effectiveness. There are no studies describing wait times in pediatric gastroenterology for either outpatient visits or endoscopy. Pediatric endoscopy is performed under light sedation or general anesthesia. The latter is hypothesized to be associated with a longer wait time due ...
Lee Kyoungkyun - - 2013
Reduction of nasal bone fracture can be performed under general or local anesthesia. The aim of this study was to compare general anesthesia (GA) and monitored anesthetic care (MAC) with dexmedetomidine based on intraoperative vital signs, comfort of patients, surgeons and nurses and the adverse effects after closed reduction of ...
Li Guoyan - - 2013
The aim of this study was to explore the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on immune function in patients undergoing supratentorial craniotomy. We also examined whether point specificity in EA was present. The study involved 29 patients undergoing craniotomy. The patients were divided into three groups: a control (C, n=10), an ...
Reis Luciana Guedes Vilela - - 2013
Hypertrophy and recurrent tonsillitis are common indications of tonsillectomy. However, the pathological reports are similar, regardless of clinical aspects. Search for histopathological changes that differentiate palatine tonsils operated because of hypertrophy vis-à-vis those operated because of recurrent tonsillitis. A prospective cross-sectional descriptive study involving 46 children divided into group I ...
Li Nai-Liang - - 2013
Subcostal transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block and paravertebral block (PVB) offer postoperative analgesia for laparoscopic and thoracoscopic surgery, respectively. We investigated the early postoperative analgesic effects of PVB in combination with subcostal TAP block in patients undergoing minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) for esophageal cancer. Seventeen patients undergoing MIE without nerve ...
Hadavi Sayed Mohammad Reza - - 2013
Background: Awareness and recall, though not common, are the major hazards of general anesthesia, especially in Cesarean section (C/S) because of the absence of benzodiazepine and opioids for a significant time during anesthesia. In this study, the Bispectral Index (BIS), end-tidal isoflurane, and hemodynamic parameters were examined to evaluate the ...
Katz L Jay LJ Department of Ophthalmology (Dr Katz) and the Division of Biostatistics, Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (Dr Leiby), Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University; Wills Eye Institute (Dr Katz and Dr Zangalli); and Drexel University College of Medicine (Mr - - 2013
To determine whether pupil enlargement during phacotrabeculectomy affects postoperative visual acuity and intraocular pressure (IOP) compared to combined surgery without pupil enlargement. A retrospective study of 74 patients who underwent combined phacotrabeculectomy with (37 eyes) or without (37 eyes) pupil enlargement was performed. Postoperative outcome measures included best-corrected visual acuity ...
Jajja Mohammad Raheel Nawaz MR Department of Surgery, The Aga Khan University, - - 2013
To identify the frequency of different types of oral clefts and presence of known risk factors among patients. The retrospective review of 292 patients, presenting with oral clefts between 1992 and 2011, was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. A pre-designed questionnaire was used to collect details, including ...
Golshan Mohammad M Department of Paediatric, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Yazd, Iran. - - 2013
To compare the extraction time and infection rate of umbilical cord by applying ethanol, humanmilk or dry care. The parallel single-blinded randomised clinical trial was performed on 300 neonates at Shahid Sadougi University of Medical Sciences and Health Service, Yazd, Iran, between March and September 2010. The neonates were divided ...
de Gast-Bakker D H - - 2013
To investigate the safety and effects of a restrictive red blood cell (RBC) transfusion strategy in pediatric cardiac surgery patients. Randomized controlled trial. Pediatric ICU in an academic tertiary care center, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. One hundred seven patients with non-cyanotic congenital heart defects between 6 weeks and ...
de Jong Johanna P - - 2013
Although no universal consensus exists on treatment of cleft palates, early hard palate closure is commonly performed. The aim of the present study was to determine the influence of a vomer flap for early hard palate closure on residual palatal cleft width in patients with a unilateral complete cleft lip ...
Lei Jian Yong - - 2013
The inclusion criteria for liver transplantation (LT) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are being expanded, and the Hangzhou criteria are the most accepted criteria in China. The aim of our study was to evaluate the Hangzhou criteria for LT in HCC with respect to the Milan criteria. We retrospectively collected data ...
Philippou Prodromos - - 2013
This study aims to evaluate the outcome of ureteroscopy/ureterorenoscopy (URS) as a salvage procedure for stones resistant to extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). Between January 2009 and January 2012, 313 patients with upper tract lithiasis were treated by URS. Among them, 87 (27.8 %) had undergone URS after prior ESWL failed ...
Thaler Martin - - 2013
The effect of many types of surgeries on driving reaction time (DRT) has been reported. Although lumbar disc herniation is one of the most common spinal diseases, the effect on DRT has not been investigated. To assess the effect of left- and right-sided pareses caused by lumbar disc herniation on ...
Velasco Arnaiz Eneritz - - 2013
The nasopharyngeal tube (NT) is an interface for non-invasive ventilation (NIV) potentially available in all healthcare centers. The aim of the study was to describe our experience in the use of the NT for bilevel NIV in infants and its effectiveness. Prospective observational study from 01/2007 to 12/2010, including all ...
Harju Jukka - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Cholecystectomy by minilaparotomy (MC) or by laparoscopy (LC) has been shown to have equal results of both early and late recovery. Although, the ultrasonic dissection (UsD) technique has seen used in LC, the technique is rarely used in MC. Material and methods. Initially, 88 patients with uncomplicated symptomatic ...
Pozzoli Alberto - - 2013
This single-center study analyzed the occurrence of severe thrombocytopenia and its clinical effect after concomitant and isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) with the stentless Freedom Solo (FS) prosthetic valve (Sorin Group, Saluggia, Italy). Between October 2009 and February 2012, 151 consecutive patients underwent AVR with a FS, either isolated (lone-FS ...
Odom-Forren Jan - - 2013
1) To quantify the incidence and severity of postdischarge nausea and vomiting (PDNV) for 7 days in adults undergoing outpatient surgeries with general anesthesia; 2) to evaluate whether a risk model previously developed for the first two postoperative days may be used to predict the patient's risk of PDNV for ...
Cho Sooyoung - - 2013
Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a newly developed and effective peripheral block involving the nerves of the anterior abdominal wall for lower abdominal surgery. We evaluated the postoperative analgesic efficacy of ultrasound-guided TAP block using 20 mL of 0.5% levobupivacaine in patients undergoing open appendectomy. Forty-four patients undergoing appendectomy ...
Türköz Ayda - - 2013
Thoracotomy causes severe pain in the postoperative period. Perioperative thoracic paravertebral block reduces pain score and may improve outcome after pediatric cardiac surgery. This prospective study was designed for the efficacy and duration of a single level, single injection ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) for fifteen infants undergoing aortic coarctation ...
Rellum Daphne M - - 2013
To provide insight in causative factors of pediatric urolithiasis in The Netherlands, a non-endemic country. Data from 71 children with urolithiasis and stone analyses between 1996 and 2010 in the Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre were studied retrospectively. Patients (48 boys, 23 girls, ratio 2.1:1) were aged 0.5-18.3 years (mean ...
Bi Y - - 2013
PurposeTo evaluate the efficacy of two-step retrograde closed stenting for treating canalicular laceration.MethodsForty-eight consecutive canalicular laceration cases (48 eyes) were randomised and divided into two groups: a one-step group and a two-step group. In the two-step group (23 cases), the first step was performed in the outpatient department and included ...
Katada Natsuya - - 2013
This study was designed to clarify whether laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) improves the esophageal body motility (EBM) in patients with reflux esophagitis. Thirty-five patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) scheduled to undergo LARS were divided into a mild esophagitis group (ME; n = 18, Grade O:A:B = 7:10:1) and a severe esophagitis group (SE; ...
Yoeruek Efdal - - 2013
To evaluate the clinical outcome of a secondary Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) to manage graft failure after primary DMEK. Retrospective analysis of graft failure after primary DMEK treated with a second DMEK. The clinical outcome was evaluated by comparing the pre- to postoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) after first ...
Lee Sungjoon - - 2013
The optimal treatment for Chiari I malformation in children is still under debate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the surgical outcome of the pediatric Chiari I malformation, focusing on clinico-radiological factors and technical aspects. Fifty-six patients with Chiari I malformation who received surgery at Seoul National University ...
Ioscovich Alexander - - 2013
In a previous retrospective study we demonstrated that perioperative complications occurred in a minority of high order repeat cesarean sections (HOR-C/S). In this prospective study we compared the incidence of complications in patients who have had four or more cesarean sections to those that had three or less. This was ...
Zhu Xinhua - - 2013
Background: The efficacy and feeding-related complications of a nasojejunal feeding tube and jejunostomy after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) was investigated with a randomized, controlled clinical trial at the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital. Methods: Sixty-eight patients who underwent PD in the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery were randomly divided into 2 groups: 34 patients ...
Vyawahare Manoj A - - 2013
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is the procedure of choice for long-term enteral feeding. This prospective observational study was carried out to compare the safety of commencing feeding 3 h compared to 16-24 h after PEG tube placement. One hundred and ten patients with oropharyngeal malignancies who had consented for PEG were enrolled. ...
Jong Miek C - - 2013
To assess the outcome and safety of plant-based ointments versus usual care in the management of chronic skin diseases. Prospective mono-centric comparative analysis. Patients were recruited at an outpatient dermatology clinic and treated with plant-based ointments or care as usual. Main outcome criterion was the response rate, defined as the ...
Kus Alparslan - - 2013
The EZ-Blocker (IQ Medical Ventures BV, Rotterdam, Netherlands) is a newly designed device for one-lung ventilation. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the Cohen Flex-Tip bronchial blocker (Cook, Bloomington, IN) and the EZ-Blocker for one-lung ventilation during thoracic surgery. Randomized and prospective. A university hospital. ...
Seng Chusheng - - 2013
Study Design. Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data.Objective. To compare mid-term clinical and radiologic outcomes of minimally invasive(MIS) versus open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion(TLIF).Summary of Background Data. Open TLIF is a proven technique to achieve fusion in symptomatic spinal deformities and instabilities. The possible advantages of MIS TLIF include reduced ...
Elkassabany Nabil - - 2013
To compare the efficacy of ultrasound-guided tansversus abdominis plane (TAP) block with placebo for postoperative analgesia after retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP). Prospective, randomized, double-blinded study. Tertiary-care Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital. ASA physical status 1, 2, and 3 patients scheduled for RRP. Patients were randomized to two groups: the TAP group ...
Aday Aaron W AW Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, - - 2013
Intravenous sedation and analgesia are important therapies during mechanical ventilation (MV). However, daily interruption of these medications is associated with improved outcomes in mechanically ventilated patients. We tested a clinical pathway for the use of sedation and analgesia during MV in a cardiac intensive care unit (CICU). We evaluated all ...
Park Jin Hoon JH Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Gangneung, - - 2013
Retrospective clinical analysis. To study proper discontinuation date of aspirin in spinal fusion surgery. It is thought that excess bleeding can be normalized if aspirin intake is discontinued approximately 7 days before surgery; however, the average life span of a platelet is generally regarded to be 7 to 10 days. ...
Izzo Domenico - - 2013
The anal fissure and spasm represent possible complications and causes of postoperative anal pain in patients that have undergone stapled trans-anal rectal resection (STARR). The etiology of these complications is still questioned such as the treatment modality. This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of topical glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) ...
Vigil-De Gracia Paulino - - 2013
To determine if expectant management of severe preeclampsia prior to 34 weeks of gestation results in improve neonatal outcome in countries with limited resources. Randomized clinical trial performed in 8 tertiary hospitals in Latin America. Criteria of randomization included gestational age between 28 and 33 weeks gestation and presence of ...
Regan Thomas - - 2013
Few clinical studies have compared deep absorbable sutures. Poliglecaprone-25 and polyglactin-910 are two of the most commonly used absorbable sutures in cutaneous surgery. To compare the rate of suture extrusion, degree of lumpiness, and appearance of scars from wounds closed with poliglecaprone-25 and polyglactin-910. Poliglecaprone-25 or polyglactin-910 was used for ...
Cho Anna - - 2013
The clinical value of electroencephalography (EEG) in pediatric moyamoya disease has been underestimated, though the characteristic patterns are well known. We undertook this study to evaluate the clinical value of EEG as a diagnostic and postoperative follow-up modality in pediatric moyamoya disease. We retrospectively reviewed the pre and postoperative EEG ...
Aldaqadossi Hussein - - 2013
To compare both the dorsal onlay technique of Barbagli and the dorsal inlay technique of Asopa for the management of long anterior urethral stricture. From January 2010 to May 2012, a total of 47 patients with long anterior urethral strictures were randomized into two groups. The first group included 25 ...
Choi Hoon - - 2013
To investigate the efficacy of gum chewing in aiding the recovery of bowel motility after a radical retropubic prostatectomy METHODS: Thirty-seven patients who underwent retropubic radical prostatectomy from January 2010 to February 2012 for localized prostate cancer were enrolled. They were divided, in an alternate pattern, into the gum-chewing group ...
Zhang Xia - - 2013
Intranasal dexmedetomidine is noninvasive and has been reported as premedication for children undergoing surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of intranasal dexmedetomidine during electrochemotherapy for facial vascular malformation under local anesthesia. A placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial was designed. Patients with facial vascular malformation ...
Boonen B - - 2013
This prospective, double-blind, randomised controlled trial was designed to address the following research questions: firstly, is there a significant difference in outliers in alignment in the frontal and sagittal plane between PSG TKA and conventional TKA. Secondly, is there a significant difference in operation time, blood loss and length of ...
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