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Results 301 - 350 of 2427
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Qian Yishan Y From the Department of Ophthalmology (Qian, Huang, Chu, Zhou), Eye and ENT Hospital, Fudan University, and the Key Laboratory of Myopia of State Health Ministry (Qian, Huang, Chu, Zhou), Shanghai, China; the Department of Surgery (Olszewski), Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, - - 2014
To assess the influence of the origin of astigmatism on the correction of myopic astigmatism by laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK). Ophthalmology Department, Eye and ENT Hospital, Shanghai, China. Prospective study. Patients having LASEK to correct myopia or myopic astigmatism were divided into 2 groups according to their ocular residual astigmatism (ORA). ...
Lee Ji Sook JS Department of Emergency Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2014
Ketamine is one of the most commonly used sedatives for facilitating painful procedures for paediatric patients in the emergency department (ED). However, the use of ketamine is associated with a common, though not serious, adverse event usually called ketamine-associated vomiting (KAV). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the ...
Kim Hyung Ook HO Department of Surgery, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Early oral feeding (EOF) following colorectal surgery can accelerate patient recovery and shorten hospital stay. However, some patients are intolerable to postoperative early oral feeding. The aim of this study was to evaluate the tolerability of EOF following laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery and the effects of intravenous lidocaine. The cohort ...
Liang Chao C Department of Anesthesiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Fenglin Road 180, Shanghai, 200032, - - 2014
A classic general anesthesia is performed by induction with an intravenous hypnotic (such as propofol) and maintenance with a volatile anesthetic (such as sevoflurane). The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of a propofol/sevoflurane maintenance regimen with that of a sevoflurane regimen on recovery profiles. One ...
Martellucci Salvatore S Department of Medico-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, ENT Section, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Latina (LT), Italy, - - 2014
Radiofrequency volumetric tissue reduction is a minimally invasive technique in the treatment of turbinate hypertrophy and is generally performed under local anesthesia. However, perioperative discomfort and pain are common side effects and studies concerning the technique of choice to anesthetize the nasal mucosa in this procedure are lacking. The aim ...
Hart Robert A RA Orthopaedic Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, - - 2014
Object The ideal surgical management of high-grade spondylolisthesis remains unclear. Concerns regarding the original Bohlman transsacral interbody fusion technique with stand-alone autologous fibular strut include late graft fracture and incomplete reduction of lumbosacral kyphosis. The authors' goal was to evaluate the radiographic and surgical outcomes of patients treated for high-grade ...
Andrews V V Ashford and St Peter's Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Chertsey, Surrey, - - 2014
To estimate whether a continuous infusion of intraperitoneal local anaesthetic for 48 hours following laparoscopic hysterectomy reduced the need for opioids delivered with a patient-controlled analgesia pump. Double-blind randomised placebo-controlled trial. District general hospital in the UK. Women undergoing a laparoscopic hysterectomy for a benign indication. Women were randomised to receive ...
Liu Fucun F Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 54 Youdian Road, Shangcheng District, Hangzhou, 310006, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the safety and effectiveness, as assessed by risk of bleeding and incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT), of administering delayed low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) after total knee arthroplasty. A prospective study of 210 consecutive patients undergoing primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty was undertaken. ...
Lee Tae Hoon - - 2014
Numerous clinical trials to improve the success rate of biliary access in difficult biliary cannulation (DBC) during ERCP have been reported. However, standard guidelines or sequential protocol analysis according to different methods are limited in place. We planned to investigate a sequential protocol to facilitate selective biliary access for DBC ...
Tezel Onur O Department of Emergency Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, 06018 Ankara, - - 2014
Dislocation of the shoulder joint is one of the most common dislocations. The reduction procedure is a painful procedure. In this study, 2 different treatment groups were compared for pain control during shoulder dislocation reduction. It was aimed to evaluate the differences between the groups in reduction, success, length of ...
Redlin Matthias M Department of Anesthesiology, German Heart Institute, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Recommendations on the use of fresh red blood cells (RBCs) in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery are based on limited information. Furthermore, the RBC storage time cut-off of fresh units remains unknown. Data from 139 pediatric patients who underwent cardiac surgery and received RBCs from a single unit within 14 ...
Gruenewald M M Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Schleswig Holstein Campus Kiel, Schwanenweg 21, D-24105 Kiel, - - 2014
/st>Evaluation of analgesia and antinociception during anaesthesia is still a challenging issue and routinely based on indirect and non-specific signs such as movement, tachycardia, or lacrimation. Recently, the surgical pleth index (SPI) derived by finger plethysmography was introduced to detect nociceptive stimulation during anaesthesia. While SPI guidance reduced the number ...
Boullata Joseph I JI University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a high-alert medication available for patient care within a complex clinical process. Beyond application of best practice recommendations to guide safe use and optimize clinical outcome, several issues are better addressed through evidence-based policies, procedures, and practices. This document provides evidence-based guidance for clinical practices involving ...
Ambler G K GK Department of Vascular Surgery, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The first large-scale randomised trial (Immediate Management of the Patient with Rupture: Open Versus Endovascular repair [IMPROVE]) for endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rEVAR) has recently finished recruiting patients. The aim of this study was to examine the impact on survival after rEVAR when the IMPROVE protocol was ...
Chalmers David D Department of Pediatric Urology, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora; Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that completion of newborn circumcision does not complicate hypospadias repair, and that circumcision will minimize future operations. Children referred for distal hypospadias over a 5-year period were grouped by presentation. Children with an aborted circumcision owing to concerns for hypospadias were subdivided into patients who underwent ...
Rosenfeld Greg G Greg Rosenfeld, Yi Tzu Nancy Fu, Brendan Quiney, Hong Qian, Darin Krygier, Jacquie Brown, Patrick Vos, Pari Tiwari, Jennifer Telford, Brian Bressler, Robert Enns, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of experience on the accuracy rate of computed tomography colonography (CTC) interpretation and patient preferences/satisfaction for CTC and colonoscopy. A prospective, non-randomized, observational study performed in a single, tertiary care center involving 90 adults who underwent CTC followed by colonoscopy on the same day. CTC was ...
Gould J - - 2014
The objective of this prospective, multicenter study was to assess 1-year changes in sinonasal symptoms and health care use after office-based multisinus balloon dilation. Adults diagnosed with chronic or recurrent acute rhinosinusitis per the 2007 adult sinusitis guidelines were enrolled in this Institutional Review Board-approved study. Balloon dilation of the ...
Ahn Dong Ki DK Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul Sacred Heart General Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Vertebroplasty is not free from cement related complications. If an allograft is used as a filler, most of them can be averted. Forty consecutive cases of osteoporotic vertebral fracture were divided into two groups by self-selection. The study and the control groups underwent vertebroplasty with fresh frozen allogeneic bone chips ...
Prochazka Allan V AV From the *Denver VAMC, Denver; †University of Colorado Health Outcomes Program, Aurora, Colorado; ‡Atlanta VAMC, Decatur; §Department of Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia; ∥Baylor College of Medicine, Operative Care Line Executive, Michael E. Debakey VAMC, Houston, Texas; ¶Boston VA Health Care System, Boston University and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; **Portland VAMC and Department of Surgery, Oregon Health Science University, Portland, Oregon; ††Pittsburgh VAMC and Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; ‡‡Tampa VAMC and Department of Surgery, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida; and §§Department of Psychology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, - - 2014
Informed consent (IC)comprehension is suboptimal. Repeat back (RB)-asking the patient to repeat in their own words key elements of the consent-is believed to improve the consent process. This study aims to assess the impact of RB on patient perceptions of surgical informed consent. Secondary analysis of a randomized trial. Elective ...
Yonekawa Chikara C Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, - - 2014
We constructed a prototype community first responder (CFR) dispatch system. The system sends incident information, including a map, to the chosen CFR's mobile phone. We tested it in a simulation of 30 out-of-hospital cardiac arrest incidents which had occurred in the town of Motegi during the previous year. Thirty off-duty ...
Huang Ze Yu ZY Department of Orthopaedics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, 37# Wainan Guoxue Road, Chengdu, 610041, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
It is still controversial on the optimal timing of tourniquet used in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Most previous studies focused on the comparison of different tourniquet application in controversial TKA, while the aim of our work was to compare three strategies of tourniquet application in minimally invasive TKA. 90 patients ...
Pergantou Helen H Haemostasis Unit, Haemophilia Centre, "Aghia Sophia" Children's Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
We retrospectively analyzed the data of 24 children (whereof 11 neonates), with non-central venous line-related and nonmalignancy-related venous thromboembolism (VTE) at uncommon sites, referred to our Unit from January 1999 to January 2012. Thirty patients who also suffered deep vein thrombosis, but in upper/low extremities, were not included in the ...
Rogers Brandon S BS Department of Cariology, Restorative Sciences, and Endodontics, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Profound pulpal anesthesia in mandibular molars with irreversible pulpitis (IP) is often difficult to obtain and often requires supplemental injections after an ineffective inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB). The purpose of this prospective, randomized, double-blind study was to compare the efficacy of 4% articaine with 2% lidocaine for supplemental buccal ...
Bilgin Gorkem G Hacettepe University Beytepe Health Center , Ankara , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To compare the results of combined non-penetrating deep sclerectomy with phacoemulsification (Phaco-NPDS) to those of non-penetrating deep sclerectomy (NPDS) alone. Materials and Methods: Fifty-two eyes with cataract and primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) or pseudoexfoliative glaucoma (PXG) were randomly assigned to either Phaco-NPDS or NPDS. Follow-up was performed ...
Ohri Rachit R From the *Covidien Surgical Solutions, Bedford, MA; †Pain Research Center, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; and ‡Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals, St. Louis, - - 2014
Postoperative pain alters physiological functions and delays discharge. Perioperative local anesthetics are effective analgesics in the immediate 1- to 2-day postoperative period, but acute pain often lasts longer. The goal of this work was to develop a local anesthetic formulation adhering to an intraoperative implanted device that reduces pain for ...
Takami Hideki H Department of Gastroenterological Surgery (Surgery II), Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, 466-8550, - - 2014
The clinical significance of preservation of the pyloric ring in total pancreatectomy (TP) has not been elucidated. A total of 48 consecutive patients underwent TP and were categorized into two groups based on the absence or presence of pylorus resection: the TP (N = 33) and pylorus-preserving TP (PPTP) (N = 15) groups. Preoperative ...
Uner A A 1Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Yuzuncu Yil University, Van, - - 2014
Although advanced diagnostic and treatment methods are available, congenital heart disease (CHD) holds an important place among the causes of death within the first year of age. Therefore, several prognostic factors are needed for diagnosis and monitoring of these patients. In this study, which includes 66 CHD patients and 38 ...
Sündermann Simon H SH Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To update the current evidence on mitral valve surgery through a lateral minithoracotomy versus median sternotomy. A comprehensive literature research was performed for studies comparing mitral valve surgery through a right lateral minithoracotomy (MIVS) and median sternotomy in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central, CTSnet, and Google Scholar for the most recent ...
Arish Mohammad M Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Sistan and Baloochestan, Islamic Republic of - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the outcome and complications of sutureless trabeculectomy with conventional trabeculectomy. A total of 52 eyes were randomly assigned to two groups. One group received standard conventional trabeculectomy and the other group received sutureless trabeculectomy. The patients were evaluated at 1, 3, 6 ...
Reich Sven S Department of Prosthodontics and Biomaterials, Centre of Implantology, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstraße 30, 52074, Aachen, Germany, - - 2014
Lithium disilicate can easily be machined by CAM techniques in its metasilicate status. Due to slightly inferior material properties, the material is not yet recommended for three-unit fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) as it is the case for the press material up to the second bicuspid. Therefore, the aim of this ...
Murashita Takashi T Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Hyogo, - - 2014
Purpose: We describe midterm outcomes after division of secondary chords (chordal cutting) combined with downsized ring annuloplasty for ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR).Methods: We compared the clinical outcomes in patients who underwent chordal cutting with downsized ring annuloplasty (CC-group, n = 15) and those who underwent conventional ring annuloplasty only (Conventional-group, ...
Vallabhajosyula Prashanth P Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia, - - 2014
To determine operative outcomes of right mini-thoracotomy mitral valve surgery utilizing port access technology in first-time and reoperative cardiac surgery patients. From 2002 to 2011, 881 patients underwent minimally invasive mitral valve surgery. Of these, 154 patients had previous cardiac operations via sternotomy (Group 1), of which 18 (12%) had ...
Yang Hee Kyung HK Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, - - 2014
To compare the effects of topical diclofenac sodium with those of fluorometholone on intraocular pressure (IOP) and conjunctival inflammation after strabismus surgery. We retrospectively analysed 60 Korean children who underwent strabismus surgery for intermittent exotropia in an institutional referral centre. Patients received topical diclofenac 0.1% or fluorometholone 0.1% after surgery ...
Gombár Csaba C Department of Orthopaedics, Szent-Györgyi Albert Clinical Center, University of Szeged, Semmelweis Street 6, 6725, Szeged, Hungary, - - 2014
Orally administered chemical thromboprophylactic agents for total hip replacement (THR) have become popular in recent years. Certain clinical trials suggest that the efficacy and the risk of major bleeding after administration of direct thrombin inhibitor dabigatran etexilate are equivalent to the clinical trial comparator, subcutaneous low-molecular-weight heparin enoxaparin. Our aim ...
Kim E M EM Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, 120-752 Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
/st>Epidural administration of dexamethasone might reduce postoperative pain in adults. We evaluated whether a caudal block of 0.1 mg kg(-1) dexamethasone combined with ropivacaine improves analgesic efficacy in children undergoing day-case orchiopexy. /st>This randomized, double-blind study included 80 children aged 6 months to 5 yr who underwent day-case, unilateral orchiopexy. ...
Verim Ayşegül A *Department of Otorhinolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Haydarpaşa Numune Educational and Research Hospital, Istanbul; and †Department of Otorhinolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Kütahya Educational and Research Hospital, Kütahya, - - 2014
To investigate the duration of time elapsed between the onset of symptoms for necrotizing external otitis (NEO) and admission to hospital that may play a role in patient outcome. Retrospective case review. Tertiary referral center. Fourteen consecutive male patients with NEO with no improvement from the previous course of antibiotherapy ...
Winder Richard P - - 2014
This study compares the 90-day complication rate of 28 patients who underwent simultaneous bilateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) with a matched control group of 56 patients who underwent simultaneous total knee arthroplasty (TKA.) We matched the groups 2:1 for age, gender, and American Society of Anesthesiologists scores and reviewed their ...
Breebaart M B - - 2014
This randomised, double blind prospective study compares intrathecal lidocaine with chloroprocaine in day-case surgery and the influence of a 500 ml pre-load intravenously. We tested the hypothesis that chloroprocaine provides faster recovery and discharge in day-case surgery. Secondary we studied the influence of a preload compared with fluid restriction on ...
Uyar Ihsan Sami IS Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Sifa University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, - - 2014
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8, and neopterin as a sign of systemic inflammatory response syndrome after open-heart surgery. In this study, we evaluated the influences on the levels of IL-6, IL-8, and neopterin of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) ...
Pham Khanh N - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to determine if administration of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) immediately following radical cystectomy and urinary diversion provides significant recovery benefit when compared to patients who did not receive TPN. Retrospective chart review was performed on patients who underwent open radical cystectomy and urinary diversion ...
Kunopart Mutita - - 2014
Pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is severe, thus adequate pain control can be a challenge. Intrathecal morphine (ITM) provides excellent postoperative analgesia for TKA, but may have side effects. Femoral nerve block (FNB) also has been used for postoperative analgesia in TKA. We examined postoperative analgesia efficacy and side ...
Singh Preet Mohinder - - 2014
This study compared 2 well-accepted and safe methods of pediatric inhalation induction using sevoflurane. Incremental and fixed 8% induction methods were evaluated for economic outcomes by comparing the amount of liquid sevoflurane consumed. We also tried to establish the relation between cost of induction and demographic parameters in both groups. ...
Wuethrich Patrick Y PY From the Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy (P.Y.W., F.S.) and Department of Urology (F.C.B., G.N.T., U.E.S.), University Hospital Bern, Bern, - - 2014
Anesthetics and neuraxial anesthesia commonly result in vasodilation/hypotension. Norepinephrine counteracts this effect and thus allows for decreased intraoperative hydration. The authors investigated whether this approach could result in reduced postoperative complication rate. In this single-center, double-blind, randomized, superiority trial, 166 patients undergoing radical cystectomy and urinary diversion were equally allocated ...
Al-Zaben Khaled R - - 2014
The present study is a prospective randomized double-blinded study that designed to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of postoperative pain control and incidence of complications between ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric nerve block and intravenous morphine in paediatric patients undergoing unilateral orchidopexy in day surgery unit. Seventy patients aged 2-12 years were randomly allocated ...
Sivak Wesley N WN Pittsburgh, Pa. From the Department of Pediatric Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Cleft/Craniofacial Center, Children's Hospital of - - 2014
This study demonstrates the safety and efficacy of allograft alone in revision alveolar bone graft surgery. A retrospective review of the authors' institution's alveolar bone graft experience (from 2004 to 2012) with open iliac crest bone graft, minimal-access iliac crest bone graft plus supplemental allograft, and revision allograft alone was ...
Kallio Merja M Department of Pediatrics, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, - - 2014
Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) has been shown to improve patient-ventilator synchrony during invasive ventilation. The aim of this trial was to study NAVA as a primary ventilation mode in pediatric intensive care and to compare it with current standard ventilation modes. One hundred seventy pediatric intensive care patients were ...
Kopcsányi Gábor G Department of Pediatrics, University of Pécs Medical School, Pécs, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
Contradictory data have been published on the outcomes of ear surgeries in cleft patients. To investigate whether there are differences in the short and long term outcomes of tympanoplasty performed due to childhood chronic mesotympanic otitis media in patients without and with cleft palate. Tertiary care pediatric medical centre. The ...
Wine Todd M TM Department of Otolaryngology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora2Department of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Children's Hospital of Colorado, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Tracheocutaneous fistula (TCF) can be repaired using various techniques. This research is an outcomes and health care use comparative analysis of 2 commonly used techniques to repair TCF. OBJECTIVES To compare outcomes and health care use for 2 techniques of TCF repair. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Retrospective cohort study ...
Pavlakis Kitty K 1st Department of Pathology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (K.P.) Department of Pathology, "IASO" Women's Hospital (K.P., T.G.) Department of Laparoscopic Surgery, "Lefkos Stavros" (G.P.) 2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (T.P.) Department of Pathology, Medical School, University of Crete (T.V.), Crete, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to evaluate whether the preoperative intrauterine injection of methylene blue could help in visualizing the endometrium of uterine morcellation specimens. A total of 48 laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomies using the uterine morcellation technique were used for the study. In 19 of these cases, a preoperative ...
Gu Hai-Feng HF Department of Orthopedics, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, No.158 Shangtang Road, Hangzhou, 310014, Zhejiang, - - 2014
To compare the outcomes of diffuse pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) of the knee treated with routine anteroposterior open surgery or modified multi-directional arthroscopy. Medical records of patients with diffuse PVNS who underwent surgery between 2002 and 2010 were reviewed. Patients were followed up at 3, 6, 12, 24, and 36 months. ...
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