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Results 301 - 350 of 2482
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Soong Wen-Jue WJ Children's Medical Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan, Republic of China; Institute of Emergency and Critical Care Medicines, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2014
To evaluate the safety, feasibility and efficacy of a novel non-invasive ventilation (NIV) technique-pharyngeal oxygen with nose-closure and abdominal-compression (PhO2 -NC-AC)-to aid pediatric flexible bronchoscopy (FB). A prospective 1 year study of patients who received FB. A basic PhO2 flow (0.5-1.0 L/kg/min, maximal 5.0 L/min) was routinely applied. Active NIV was initiated ...
Shen Yun-Dun YD Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei Medical University-Shuang Ho Hospital, New Taipei City, - - 2014
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common complication after pediatric strabismus surgery. Steroids and ondansetron (a 5-HT3 antagonist) can effectively reduce nausea, vomiting, and pain and thus might be useful agents for the prevention of PONV in pediatric patients. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic ...
Fröhlich Georg M - - 2014
The hypothesis of this study was that local anesthesia with monitored anesthesia care (MAC) is not harmful in comparison to general anesthesia (GA) for patients undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVR).TAVR is a rapidly spreading treatment option for severe aortic valve stenosis. Traditionally, in most centers, this procedure is done ...
Gregoric Igor D ID From the Department of Cardiopulmonary Transplantation and the Center for Cardiac Support, Texas Heart Institute at St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, - - 2014
Gelatin impregnated non-porous sealed grafts were introduced in the inflow and outflow conduits for use with the HeartMate II (HMII) to eliminate pre-clotting procedures and to reduce operative bleeding.We compared results of 67 patients who received first time LVADs with sealed inflow and outflow grafts (S-graft group) to a preceding ...
Toms Rune R Department of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care, Section of Cardiovascular Intensive Care, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Ala, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Ala, - - 2014
The aim of this is study is to determine if preoperative trophic feeds (TFs) can improve outcomes after Norwood palliation. This is a retrospective cohort study. The setting is a pediatric cardiovascular intensive care unit in a tertiary hospital. The patients were 50 consecutive patients with hypoplastic left heart, excluding ...
Wynn Gareth J GJ The Institute of Cardiovascular Medicine and Science; Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital; Imperial College - - 2014
The most frequent complications of AF ablation (AFA) are related to vascular access, but there is little evidence as to how these can be minimized. Consecutive patients undergoing AFA at a high-volume center received either standard care (Group S) or routine ultrasound-guided vascular access (Group U). Vascular complications were assessed ...
Aoyama Toru - - 2014
This randomized Phase III trial will evaluate whether the methylene blue-assisted technique is efficient for harvesting lymph nodes after radical surgery for gastric cancer.Methods/design: Patients that undergo distal or total gastrectomy with radical nodal dissection will be randomly assigned to Group A: the standard group, the lymph nodes (LNs) will ...
Machida Shigeki S Department of Ophthalmology, Iwate Medical University School of Medicine, 19-1 Uchimaru, Morioka, Iwate, 020-8505, Japan, - - 2014
To compare the function of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) using the photopic negative response (PhNR) in patients who had undergone indocyaine green (ICG)-assisted, brilliant blue G (BBG)-assisted, or triamcinolone acetonide (TA)-assisted internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling during macular hole (MH) surgery. Forty-eight eyes of 48 patients with a macular hole ...
Jørgensen L N LN Departments of Surgery, Bispebjerg Hospital, - - 2014
There are no randomized studies that compare outcomes after single-incision (SLC) and conventional multi-incision (MLC) laparoscopic cholecystectomy under an optimized perioperative analgesic regimen. This patient- and assessor-blinded randomized three-centre clinical trial compared SLC and MLC in women admitted electively with cholecystolithiasis. Outcomes were registered on the day of operation (day ...
Ghahramani Leila L Colorectal Research Center, Faghihi Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
The gold standard of the management of rectal cancer in the middle and lower parts is low anterior resection with coloanal anastomosis. About 50% of the patients undergoing this procedure might experience some complications because of the low capacity of the neorectum. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
K Szilágyi Adrienn - - 2014
Long stay in intensive care unit (ICU) and prolonged ventilation are deleterious for subsequent quality of life and surcharge financial capacity. We have already demonstrated the beneficial effects of using suggestive communication on recovery time during intensive care. The aim of our present study was to prove the same effects ...
Weiner Eran E Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, - - 2014
To study the effect of a departmental program designed to shorten the decision-to-delivery interval (DDI) for emergency cesarean section (ECS) for nonreassuring fetal heart rate (NRFHR) on maternal and neonatal outcome. A protocol for managing ECS that included documenting precise time-intervals, identification of delaying obstacles and debriefing of each case, ...
Watanabe Duffy Karen N KN UChildren's Hospital of Eastern Ontario and University of Ottawa, Ottawa, - - 2014
Previous studies of uveitis in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) patients have reported prevalence and not incidence. The ReACCh Out cohort, a large inception cohort of newly diagnosed JIA patients provided the opportunity to prospectively ascertain the true incidence of new onset uveitis. The objectives of this study were to determine ...
Zeng Xz X Department of Anaesthesiology, Second Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Heilongjiang, - - 2014
Thoracic epidural anaesthesia alone is an applied technique of anaesthesia for nephrectomy which has both advantages and limitations. Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective alpha2-adrenoreceptor agonist which has both central and peripheral analgesic properties. Forty patients undergoing nephrectomy were enrolled in this clinical trial and allocated randomly to two groups, a ...
Kim Eu-Gene EG Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Eulji General Hospital, Eulji University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) commonly occur after general anesthesia, especially in women. In this study, we evaluated the antiemetic efficacy of propofol administered at the end of surgery in highly susceptible patients undergoing a laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy. A total of 107 women undergoing a laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy under general ...
Copotoiu Monica - - 2014
Critical Care Posters IIISESSION TYPE: Poster PresentationsPRESENTED ON: Saturday, March 22, 2014 at 01:15 PM - 02:15 PMPURPOSE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the benefits of a respiratory rehabilitation programme, performed by a trained physiotherapist on the mechanically ventilated ICU patients. The end points were: the maintaining ...
Brunner Hermine H Pediatric Rheumatology Collaborative Study Group [PRCSG] & Pediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organization (PRINTO), Cincinnati, - - 2014
To assess efficacy and safety of SC golimumab (GLM) in polyarticular pediatric juvenile idiopathic arthritis pts (aged 2 to <18 yrs) with active arthritis despite MTX for ≥3 months. In GO-KIDS, a 3-part randomized double-blind, PBO-controlled, withdrawal trial in pts with active JIA with a polyarticular course (≥5 active joints) ...
Lim Yc Y Department of Anaesthesia, Changi General Hospital, - - 2014
Pre-procedural ultrasound scanning has been used to facilitate spinal anaesthesia in patients with difficult anatomical landmarks and shown to improve first-attempt success rates in some studies. We studied whether pre-procedural ultrasound scanning improved first-attempt success rate and decreased time taken for the procedure in the general adult population. In this ...
Horton Daniel B DB Division of Rheumatology, Nemours A.I. duPont Hospital for Children, Thomas Jefferson University, Wilmington, - - 2014
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has increased among children and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. CDI-associated reactive arthritis (CDIAReA) has been described in adults and a few pediatric case reports, but little is known about CDIAReA in pediatric patients. Children ages 2-20 with CDIAReA in 2004-2013 were identified within ...
Manske M Claire MC Shriners Hospital for Children and the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Louis Children's Hospital at Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, - - 2014
To assess recurrence and complications in children with radial longitudinal deficiency treated with or without external fixator soft tissue distraction prior to centralization. Thirteen upper extremities treated with centralization alone were compared with 13 treated with ring fixator distraction followed by centralization. Resting wrist position between the 2 groups was compared ...
Gagnon Louis-Olivier LO The Vancouver Prostate Centre and Department of Urologic Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2014
We assessed outcomes and costs of open prostatectomy (OP) versus robotic-assisted prostatectomy (RAP) at a single tertiary care university hospital. We retrospectively analyzed 200 consecutive OP by 1 experienced open surgeon (MG) and 200 consecutive RAP by an experienced open surgeon (SLG), after allowing for a short learning curve of ...
Miotto E Silva Vanessa B VB Escola Paulista de Medicina/Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
The intra-articular steroids injections (IASI) for treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients are being increasingly used in pediatric rheumatology. Most on knowledge about IASI comes from studies on adults and animal models and there are few reports on children. The aims of this study were to describe and to ...
Barrett M J - - 2014
The birth prevalence of gastroschisis worldwide has increased over the past decades. We aim to determine the Irish national incidence of gastroschisis repairs (NIGR) over a 5 year period (2007- 2011) and clinical outcomes by a retrospective cohort review of cases admitted to all Irish paediatric surgical units. Seventy patients ...
Chen Limei - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the surgical and obstetric results of laparoscopy versus laparotomy in the management of ovarian cyst during pregnancy. Sixty-nine eligible patients who met our criteria were randomly divided into the laparoscopy group (n = 33) and the laparotomy group (n = 36). The two groups were ...
Zhao-Jing Xue X Department of Anesthesiology, PUMC Hospital, CAMS and PUMC, Beijing 100730, - - 2014
Objective To evaluate the efficacy of reflex entropy(RE)/state entropy(SE)in monitoring the response to nociceptive stimulus during propofol-remifentanil infusion.Methods After the approval of the hospital ethics committee,sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists(ASA)classification 1-2 patients,aged 18-65 years,receiving the hypogastrium operation undergoing general anesthesia,were randomly allocated to groups A and B with different remifentanil ...
Holm Niels R NR Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus N, - - 2014
Aims: To compare in a randomised trial the safety and efficacy of the FemoSeal vascular closure device (VCD) versus manual compression (MC) after femoral access coronary angiography (CAG). Methods and results: In 13 months, 1,014 patients were included and 1,001 patients entered analysis. Median [interquartile range] closure time was 8.0 ...
Lal A K AK Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Illinois at Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
To evaluate the ability to obtain autopsy and cytogenetics after midtrimester termination. A retrospective cohort study of women undergoing termination, via induction or dilation and evacuation (D&E), at 16 0/7-23 6/7 weeks was performed. Exclusion criteria were elective termination, preterm labor,PPROM and no autopsy or cytogenetic exam performed. The ability to ...
KarataƟ Duran D From the Ear Nose Throat, Melikgazi Medical Center, Kayseri, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of transseptal suturing against 3 different types of nasal packings with respect to pain, operating time, and postoperative complications after nasal septal surgery. Two hundred twenty-eight patients (aged between 18 and 58 y) undergoing nasal septal surgery were included in ...
Inacio Maria C S MC Surgical Outcomes and Analysis Department, Kaiser Permanente, San Diego, - - 2014
This study compared the total joint arthroplasty (TJA) surgical outcomes of patients who had bariatric surgery prior to TJA to TJA patients who were candidates but did not have bariatric surgery. Patients were retrospectively grouped into: Group 1 (n=69), those with bariatric surgery >2years prior to TJA, Group 2 (n=102), ...
Ozgür Berat Cem BC Ankara Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, Altindag - - - 2014
AIM:To evaluate the efficacy, auxiliary procedures and complications of pediatric extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) performed with electrohydraulic lithotripters.METHODS:Children with urolithiasis, aged between 0 and 15, were retrospectively evaluated. ESWL was performed by using two different electrohydraulic lithotripters, Elmed Multimed Classic (Elmed Medical Systems, Ankara, Turkey) and E-1000 (EMD Medical ...
Hsu Wen-Feng WF Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Hsin-Chu Branch, Hsin-Chu, - - 2014
Background and study aims: Carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation during colonoscopy can significantly decrease abdominal pain and bloating after the procedure, but its impact on the frequency and duration of toilet use remains unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of CO2 insufflation on toilet use after ...
Qian Yishan Y From the Department of Ophthalmology (Qian, Huang, Chu, Zhou), Eye and ENT Hospital, Fudan University, and the Key Laboratory of Myopia of State Health Ministry (Qian, Huang, Chu, Zhou), Shanghai, China; the Department of Surgery (Olszewski), Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, - - 2014
To assess the influence of the origin of astigmatism on the correction of myopic astigmatism by laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK). Ophthalmology Department, Eye and ENT Hospital, Shanghai, China. Prospective study. Patients having LASEK to correct myopia or myopic astigmatism were divided into 2 groups according to their ocular residual astigmatism (ORA). ...
Avino Daniela D Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Hôpital Universitaire des Enfants Reine Fabiola, Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare remifentanil and morphine-midazolam for use in nonurgent endotracheal intubation in neonates. In this prospective noninferiority randomized trial, newborns of gestational age ≥28 weeks admitted in the neonatal intensive care unit requiring an elective or semielective endotracheal intubation were divided into 2 groups. One group (n = 36) received ...
Lee Ji Sook JS Department of Emergency Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2014
Ketamine is one of the most commonly used sedatives for facilitating painful procedures for paediatric patients in the emergency department (ED). However, the use of ketamine is associated with a common, though not serious, adverse event usually called ketamine-associated vomiting (KAV). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the ...
Kim Hyung Ook HO Department of Surgery, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Early oral feeding (EOF) following colorectal surgery can accelerate patient recovery and shorten hospital stay. However, some patients are intolerable to postoperative early oral feeding. The aim of this study was to evaluate the tolerability of EOF following laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery and the effects of intravenous lidocaine. The cohort ...
Martellucci Salvatore S Department of Medico-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, ENT Section, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Latina (LT), Italy, - - 2014
Radiofrequency volumetric tissue reduction is a minimally invasive technique in the treatment of turbinate hypertrophy and is generally performed under local anesthesia. However, perioperative discomfort and pain are common side effects and studies concerning the technique of choice to anesthetize the nasal mucosa in this procedure are lacking. The aim ...
Hart Robert A RA Orthopaedic Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, - - 2014
Object The ideal surgical management of high-grade spondylolisthesis remains unclear. Concerns regarding the original Bohlman transsacral interbody fusion technique with stand-alone autologous fibular strut include late graft fracture and incomplete reduction of lumbosacral kyphosis. The authors' goal was to evaluate the radiographic and surgical outcomes of patients treated for high-grade ...
Liang Chao C Department of Anesthesiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Fenglin Road 180, Shanghai, 200032, - - 2014
A classic general anesthesia is performed by induction with an intravenous hypnotic (such as propofol) and maintenance with a volatile anesthetic (such as sevoflurane). The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of a propofol/sevoflurane maintenance regimen with that of a sevoflurane regimen on recovery profiles. One ...
Andrews V V Ashford and St Peter's Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Chertsey, Surrey, - - 2014
To estimate whether a continuous infusion of intraperitoneal local anaesthetic for 48 hours following laparoscopic hysterectomy reduced the need for opioids delivered with a patient-controlled analgesia pump. Double-blind randomised placebo-controlled trial. District general hospital in the UK. Women undergoing a laparoscopic hysterectomy for a benign indication. Women were randomised to receive ...
Liu Fucun F Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 54 Youdian Road, Shangcheng District, Hangzhou, 310006, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the safety and effectiveness, as assessed by risk of bleeding and incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT), of administering delayed low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) after total knee arthroplasty. A prospective study of 210 consecutive patients undergoing primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty was undertaken. ...
Lee Tae Hoon - - 2014
Numerous clinical trials to improve the success rate of biliary access in difficult biliary cannulation (DBC) during ERCP have been reported. However, standard guidelines or sequential protocol analysis according to different methods are limited in place. We planned to investigate a sequential protocol to facilitate selective biliary access for DBC ...
Tezel Onur O Department of Emergency Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, 06018 Ankara, - - 2014
Dislocation of the shoulder joint is one of the most common dislocations. The reduction procedure is a painful procedure. In this study, 2 different treatment groups were compared for pain control during shoulder dislocation reduction. It was aimed to evaluate the differences between the groups in reduction, success, length of ...
Redlin Matthias M Department of Anesthesiology, German Heart Institute, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Recommendations on the use of fresh red blood cells (RBCs) in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery are based on limited information. Furthermore, the RBC storage time cut-off of fresh units remains unknown. Data from 139 pediatric patients who underwent cardiac surgery and received RBCs from a single unit within 14 ...
Gruenewald M M Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Schleswig Holstein Campus Kiel, Schwanenweg 21, D-24105 Kiel, - - 2014
/st>Evaluation of analgesia and antinociception during anaesthesia is still a challenging issue and routinely based on indirect and non-specific signs such as movement, tachycardia, or lacrimation. Recently, the surgical pleth index (SPI) derived by finger plethysmography was introduced to detect nociceptive stimulation during anaesthesia. While SPI guidance reduced the number ...
Ahn Dong Ki DK Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul Sacred Heart General Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Vertebroplasty is not free from cement related complications. If an allograft is used as a filler, most of them can be averted. Forty consecutive cases of osteoporotic vertebral fracture were divided into two groups by self-selection. The study and the control groups underwent vertebroplasty with fresh frozen allogeneic bone chips ...
Rosenfeld Greg G Greg Rosenfeld, Yi Tzu Nancy Fu, Brendan Quiney, Hong Qian, Darin Krygier, Jacquie Brown, Patrick Vos, Pari Tiwari, Jennifer Telford, Brian Bressler, Robert Enns, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of experience on the accuracy rate of computed tomography colonography (CTC) interpretation and patient preferences/satisfaction for CTC and colonoscopy. A prospective, non-randomized, observational study performed in a single, tertiary care center involving 90 adults who underwent CTC followed by colonoscopy on the same day. CTC was ...
Boullata Joseph I JI University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a high-alert medication available for patient care within a complex clinical process. Beyond application of best practice recommendations to guide safe use and optimize clinical outcome, several issues are better addressed through evidence-based policies, procedures, and practices. This document provides evidence-based guidance for clinical practices involving ...
Chalmers David D Department of Pediatric Urology, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora; Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that completion of newborn circumcision does not complicate hypospadias repair, and that circumcision will minimize future operations. Children referred for distal hypospadias over a 5-year period were grouped by presentation. Children with an aborted circumcision owing to concerns for hypospadias were subdivided into patients who underwent ...
Gould J - - 2014
The objective of this prospective, multicenter study was to assess 1-year changes in sinonasal symptoms and health care use after office-based multisinus balloon dilation. Adults diagnosed with chronic or recurrent acute rhinosinusitis per the 2007 adult sinusitis guidelines were enrolled in this Institutional Review Board-approved study. Balloon dilation of the ...
Ambler G K GK Department of Vascular Surgery, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The first large-scale randomised trial (Immediate Management of the Patient with Rupture: Open Versus Endovascular repair [IMPROVE]) for endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rEVAR) has recently finished recruiting patients. The aim of this study was to examine the impact on survival after rEVAR when the IMPROVE protocol was ...
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