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Cain Michael T MT Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, - - 2014
This study evaluates the relationship of morbidity and resource utilization with the timing of early neonatal repair of transposition of the great arteries and intact ventricular septum (d-TGA/IVS). All patients with d-TGA/IVS who underwent arterial switch in the first 14 days of life, between January 2000 and May 2011, were ...
Hosseini Habibollah H Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
One of the major complications of cardiac surgery is the presence of post-operative bleeding. The aim of the present study was to investigate the topical application of tranexamic acid in the pericardial cavity on post-operative bleeding in off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. This study was on 71 patients ...
Chopra Pooja P Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
We undertook this study to ascertain if a small dose of clonidine (30 μg) when added to a bupivacaine-fentanyl mixture improves spinal analgesia, without producing side effects, as compared to a bupivacaine-fentanyl or a bupivacaine-clonidine mixture. In this prospective, randomized, double-blind study, 75 (American Society of Anesthesiologists) ASA grade I-II ...
Rajesh M M Department of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics, M R Ambedkar Dental College & Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, - - 2014
To evaluate the amount and percentage of anchor loss after initial leveling and aligning using a ROTH and MBT prescription. Pre and post alignment lateral cephalograms & dental casts of 10 ROTH & 10 MBT patients. In the study, it was found that the amount of anchor loss is greater ...
Wanat Matthew M University of Houston College of Pharmacy, Houston, Texas ; Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, - - 2014
Many cardiovascular surgeries are fast-tracked to extubation and require short-term sedation. Dexmedetomidine and propofol have very different mechanisms of action and pharmacokinetic profiles that make them attractive sedative agents in this patient population. Recently, there has been increased use of dexmedetomidine in the intensive care unit (ICU), but few studies ...
Dinesh Chilkunda N CN Department of Anesthesiology, M. S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, - - 2014
The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of intravenous dexmedetomidine on spinal anesthesia with 0.5% of hyperbaric bupivacaine. One hundred American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I/II patients undergoing elective surgeries under spinal anesthesia were randomized into two groups of 50 each. Immediately after subarachnoid block with ...
Qian Xiaoqiang X Department of Urology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Objective: We introduce a new method of peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter placement with cystoscopic assistance. It has clear advantages compared with conventional open surgery. Materials and methods: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) were randomly divided into two groups. Group A (14 patients) underwent cystoscopy-assisted surgery, and group B (15 ...
Seyedhejazi Mahin M Department of Anaesthesia, Tabriz Children Hospital, Sheshkelan st, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Background: We compared the analgesic effects of caudal and ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric nerve block using bupivacaine-clonidine performed in children undergoing inguinal hernia repair. The ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric nerve block provides excellent pain relief for operations on the inguinal region, including emergency procedures (e.g. strangulated inguinal hernia with intestinal obstruction). It should be preferred to ...
He Yong Y Department of Thoracic Surgery, The Fifth Hospital of Dalian, Dalian, Liaoning 116021, P.R. China ; Department of Thoracic Surgery, Papworth Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge University Partners, Cambridge CB23 3RE, - - 2014
At present, there is increasing interest in surgical procedures using a robot-assisted device. The aim of this study was to investigate whether robot-assisted video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) was more effective than conventional VATS. A total of 64 VATS lobectomies in Papworth Hospital (Cambridge, UK) were included in the study. In ...
El Shamaa Hossam A HA Department of Anesthesia, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, - - 2014
One of the most commonly used regional anesthetic techniques in pediatric surgeries is the caudal epidural block. Its main disadvantage remains the short duration of action. Hence, different additives have been used. Dexmedetomidine is a potent as well as highly selective α2 adrenergic receptor agonist. The aim of this randomized, ...
Almarakbi Waleed A WA Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia ; Department of Anesthesiology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, - - 2014
Dexmedetomidine is an alpha 2 adrenergic agonist, prolongs analgesia when used in neuraxial and peripheral nerve blocks. We studied the effect of addition of dexmedetomidine to bupivacaine to perform transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block. A total of 50 patients scheduled for abdominal hysterectomy were divided into two equal groups in ...
Alvarado-Socarrás J L JL Colombia Cardiovascular Foundation Floridablanca, Colombia:2 Organización Latinoamericana para el Fomento de la Investigación en Salud (OLFIS), Bucaramanga, Colombia - - - 2014
The postextubation chest X-ray (CXR) is frequently taken in neonates who have undergone mechanical ventilation (MV); however, this is not an evidence-based practice. The aim of this paper was to assess the utility of routine post-extubation CXR on the prognosis for neonates who have undergone MV. This is a retrospective ...
Mari Giulio M GM Chirurgia Generale e Videolaparoscopica. Ospedale Niguarda-Cà Granda, Milano, - - 2014
The value of fast-track (FT) multimodal recovery programs in improving hospitalization of surgical patients has been widely proved. The application of FT protocols to laparoscopic colorectal surgery seems to maximize the effects of the minimally invasive approach. The objectives of this randomized-controlled trial are to compare the short-term outcomes (bowel ...
Katsargyris A A Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Klinikum Nürnberg, Nürnberg, Germany - - - 2014
Aim of the study was to review our experience with fenestrated and branched stent-grafts to treat juxtarenal (JAA) and thoracoabdominal (TAAA) aortic aneurysms after previous open or endovascular aortic surgery. A prospectively maintained database including all consecutive patients with JAA or TAAA treated with fenestrated/branched stent-grafts after previous open or ...
Yildiz Esma E Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to evaluate four different pulpotomy medicaments in primary molars. A total of 147 primary molars with deep caries were treated with four different pulpotomy medicaments (FC: formocresol, FS: ferric sulfate, CH: calcium hydroxide, and MTA: mineral trioxide aggregate) in this study. The criteria for ...
Cicolini Giancarlo G Department of Medicine and Aging Sciences, University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy; ASL, 02 Abruzzo, - - 2014
This multi-centre prospective field study evaluated whether peripheral venous catheter site of insertion influences the risk of catheter-related phlebitis. Potential predictors of phlebitis were also investigated. Millions of patients worldwide use peripheral venous catheters, which frequently cause local complications including phlebitis, infection and obstruction. Although phlebitis predictors have been broadly ...
Campbell William W From the *University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2014
Abdominoplasty is one of the highest risk plastic surgery procedures for venous thromboembolism complications (VTE). Current recommendations for VTE prophylaxis are sequential compression devices (SCDs) in the OR and optional use of subcutaneous heparin after surgery. Subcutaneous heparin has been shown to be safe in other surgical groups. However, the ...
Zhang Wei W Department of Anesthesiology, Anhui Medical University Affiliated Auhui Provincial Hospital, People's Republic of - - 2014
Paravertebral block (PVB) has been shown to be an ideal aid for analgesia after thoracic or abdominal surgery. The authors studied the safety and efficacy of the single-dose and bilateral ultrasound-guided (USG)-PVB before combined thoracoscopic-laparoscopic esophagectomy (TLE) along with intravenous sufentanil analgesia as a method of pain relief in comparison ...
Koktekir Ender E Departments of Neurosurgery - - 2014
Object In this study the authors compare the efficacy of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) versus CSF shunting for resolution of papilledema in hydrocephalus. Methods This comparative case series study recruited 12 patients (24 eyes) with hydrocephalus who underwent either an ETV (Group 1, 6 patients [12 eyes]) or CSF shunt ...
Sato Keita K From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo; and †Department of Anesthesiology, Kitano Hospital, Osaka, - - 2014
The benefit of adding sciatic nerve block (SNB) to femoral nerve block to improve analgesia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is uncertain. We hypothesized that the effective duration of single-injection SNB is too short to improve postoperative analgesia and that this contributes to conflicting results on the efficacy of SNB ...
Twersky Rebecca S RS From the *Department of Anesthesiology, and †School of Public Health, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New - - 2014
The continued use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II subtype I receptor antagonists (ARBs) medications in the preoperative period has been reported to be associated with intraoperative hypotension that can be unresponsive to pressor drugs. As a result, several investigators suggested discontinuation of these medications before scheduled surgery ...
Salomão Dlf - - 2014
SUMMARY The aim of the current study was to assess the acid demineralization susceptibility of bleached dental enamel submitted to different fluoride regimens. One hundred bovine enamel blocks (6×6×3 mm) were randomly divided into 10 groups (n=10). Groups 1 and 2 received no bleaching. Groups 3 to 6 were submitted ...
Nakasato Houmei H Department of Ophthalmology, Odawara Municipal Hospital, Odawara, - - 2014
To describe a new technique to perform trabeculotomy ab interno on eyes with open-angle glaucoma (OAG). This was a retrospective study. We inserted a 25-gauge forceps that is usually used for internal limiting membrane peeling into the anterior chamber, and grasped and pulled the inner wall of Schlemm's canal away ...
Shuying Li L Department of Anesthesiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, - - 2014
The complexity of pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) needs multi-module analgesia. Opioids are widely used for perioperative pain but associated with numerous adverse effects. We investigated the effect of parecoxib administrated preoperatively and postoperatively for analgesia after ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy. 120 patients scheduled for ambulatory LC with general anesthesia were ...
Heier Jeffrey S JS Ophthalmic Consultants of Boston, Boston, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravitreal aflibercept injection (IAI) for the treatment of macular edema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). Randomized, double-masked, phase 3 trial. A total of 188 patients with macular edema secondary to CRVO. Patients received IAI 2 mg (IAI 2Q4) (n = 114) or ...
Hwang Seung Ook SO Department of Surgery, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Republic of - - 2014
LigaSure Small Jaw(®) (LSJ) was recently developed and applied to thyroid surgery along with Harmonic Focus(®) (HF). We compared the 2 devices in open total thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). A prospective, randomized study. Tertiary care center. This prospective, randomized study included 126 patients enrolled between December 2011 and ...
Mokhless Ibrahim A IA Urology Department, Alexandria University, Alexandria, - - 2014
We compared the outcome of retrograde intrarenal surgery monotherapy vs shock wave lithotripsy for stones 10 to 20 mm in preschool children. This prospective study included 60 children with a mean ± SD age of 2.4 ± 1.3 years. Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups. Group 1 underwent shock wave lithotripsy ...
Garcia-Aparicio L L Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Pediatric Urology Division. Pediatric Surgery Barcelona, Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain ; - - 2014
Purpose: The aim of our study is to compare the outcomes of open and laparoscopic pyeloplasty in children less than 12 months of age Material and methods: We have reviewed all medical charts of patients under 12 months that underwent pyeloplasty from January 2007 to February 2013. We have divided ...
An Geng Shu GS Department of Analogy Surgery, People's Hospital of Tianjin, 190# Jieyuan Road, Nankai District, Tian Jin, 300192, China, - - 2014
To improve the procedures used to treat prolapse and hemorrhoids, novel magnetic rings were invented to use in circumferential mucosectomies to avoid the disadvantages of stapling techniques. Thirty adult pigs were randomly divided into three groups: Group A (n = 10), which underwent circumferential mucosectomy with novel magnetic rings; Group B (n = 10), ...
Bekawi Mohammad Sobhi MS *Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt †Department of Anesthesia And Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of Pregabalin in postoperative pain management after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A prospective, randomized, placebo, controlled, double-blinded study conducted at Anesthesia Department, Laparoscopy Surgery Unit, Ain Shams University Hospital. Ninety patients with ASA physical status I -II scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia were ...
Qiao Yanli Y Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Cardiac Disease Diagnosis and Treatment, Department of Cardiac Surgery, Jining Medical University Affiliated Hospital, Jining 272029, Shandong, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate feasibility and safety of minimally invasive video-assisted surgery for double-valve (mitral and aortic) replacement through right anterolateral minithoracotomy. Between February 2011 and April 2013, 60 patients with combined valvular disease underwent double valve replacement, 26 of them by minimally invasive video-assisted surgery through right anterolateral ...
Drobniewski Marek M Klinika Ortopedii i Ortopedii Dziecięcej Uniwersytetu Medycznego, - - 2014
Background. The aim of our study was an evaluation of long-term clinical and radiological results of arthroplasty with BiCONTACT stem. Material and methods. We qualified 115 patients (125 hips) to the retrospective analysis with a minimum 10-year follow-up period. The mean age of patients on the day of surgery varied ...
Sloan Tod B TB Department of Anesthesiology, Anschutz Office West (AO1), MS 8202, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, 12631 E 17th Avenue, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA, - - 2014
Total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with propofol and opioids is frequently utilized for spinal surgery when somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) and transcranial motor evoked potentials (tcMEPs) are monitored. Many anesthesiologists would prefer to utilize low dose halogenated anesthetics (e.g. 1/2 MAC). We examined our recent experience using 3 % desflurane or TIVA ...
Zhong T D TD Department of Anesthesia, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University Institute of Clinical Medicine, Hangzhou, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate whether combined oral oxycodone hydrochloride controlled-release tablets plus paracetamol and tramadol hydrochloride tablets are more effective than epidural analgesia for postoperative pain control and side effects after cesarean section. We randomly enrolled 60 patients scheduled for cesarean section into either: patient-controlled epidural analgesia with 0.1% ...
Stepanyan Gevorg G Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 500 Parnassus Avenue, MU, San Francisco, CA, 94143, - - 2014
The new oral anticoagulants (NOAC), dabigatran and rivaroxaban, have been demonstrated to be at least equivalent to warfarin for preventing cardiac thromboembolism (TE) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, there is limited data regarding use around catheter ablation (CA) procedures. We evaluated the risk of bleeding and TE complications ...
Kimura Masaomi M Department of Cardiology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, - - 2014
Contact force (CF) monitoring would be useful in accomplishing circumferential pulmonary vein (PV) isolation (CPVI) for atrial fibrillation (AF). To confirm its advantage, we compared the procedure parameters and outcomes between CF-guided and non-guided CPVI. Consecutive 38 AF patients (mean age, 60±11; paroxysmal AF, 27) undergoing CPVI were randomized to ...
Pedersen Tom T Head and Orthopaedic Center, Rigshospitalet, HOC 2101, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen,Blegdamsvej 9, Copenhagen, Denmark, - - 2014
This is an update of a review last published in Issue 9, 2009, of The Cochrane Library. Pulse oximetry is used extensively in the perioperative period and might improve patient outcomes by enabling early diagnosis and, consequently, correction of perioperative events that might cause postoperative complications or even death. Only ...
Hasegawa Tomomi T Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kobe Children's Hospital, Kobe, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects of intraoperative tranexamic acid administration in cardiac surgery without blood transfusion (bloodless cardiac surgery) in children. Seventy-one consecutive patients weighing less than 20 kg, who underwent bloodless cardiac surgery for simple atrial or ventricular septal defects at Kobe Children's Hospital ...
Ein Sigmund H SH Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada, - - 2014
The aim of the study is to evaluate a large series of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) patients treated by one pediatric surgeon focusing on their diagnostic difficulties and complications. From July 1969 to December 2003 (inclusive), the charts of 791 infants with IHPS were retrospectively reviewed. There were 647 ...
Awad W W London Chest Hospital, London, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To define the in-hospital and 6-month post-discharge resource use, following Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) and conventional Aortic Valve Replacement (AVR) surgery within a single UK hospital. Methods: A local service evaluation of patients undergoing TAVI or AVR between January 2011 and May 2012 captured data until 6-months ...
Ghoneim Ayman A AA *Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, National Cancer Institute †Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, - - 2014
The aim of this prospective, comparative, randomized study was to compare the inhalational anesthetics isoflurane, sevoflurane, and desflurane in pediatric patients undergoing craniotomy for excision of supratentorial tumors. We assessed early postoperative recovery outcome, intraoperative hemodynamics, and degree of brain swelling, as well as postoperative vomiting and shivering. Sixty patients ...
Sulkowski Jason P JP Department of Surgery, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio; Center for Surgical Outcomes Research, The Research Institute, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare postoperative outcomes of pediatric patients with complicated appendicitis managed with or without a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC). Patients aged ≤18 y in the Pediatric Health Information System database with complicated appendicitis that underwent appendectomy during their index admission in 2000-2012 were grouped ...
Tuzuner Arzu A Department of Otolaryngology, Ministry of Health Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Cebeci, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
Tympanoplasty is a common procedure in otolaryngology practice and several factors have been described to increase graft uptake. Independent of the technique and graft material, the revascularization process of the graft is related to patient factors as well as contact of the tympanic membrane remnant's edges with the graft material. ...
Bass Edward James EJ Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospital Trust, Prescot Street, Liverpool L7 8XP, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease involving connective tissue and joints. The most common rheumatoid forefoot deformities are hallux valgus and clawed lesser toes. There are a number of surgical procedures that have been described offering symptomatic relief and anatomical correction. This prospective case series aims to assess outcome ...
Yilmaz Berza Sen BS a Clinical Instructor, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Bezmialem Vakif University, Istanbul, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the skeletal, soft tissue, and airway effects of the alternate maxillary expansions and constrictions (Alt-RAMEC) protocol in prepubertal patients. Materials and Methods: The appliance containing a double-hinged expansion screw was applied to 20 patients with Class III skeletal malocclusion characterized by maxillary retrognathia. The mean age ...
Ou George G Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
High-quality colonoscope withdrawal technique is associated with a higher adenoma detection rate. Position change is routinely used in barium enema and CT colonography to facilitate adequate distension of the colon and promote movement of fluid from the segment of the colon being assessed. To determine whether prescribed position changes during ...
Levinger Eliya E *Department of Ophthalmology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center (affiliated to the Sackler Faculty of Medicine), Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel; and †Enaim Medical Center, Jerusalem, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of "mushroom" femtosecond laser-enabled keratoplasty (M-FLEK) with those of conventional penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) in eyes with keratoconus. The femtosecond laser-enabled "mushroom" pattern keratoplasty technique results in less postoperative astigmatism and higher endothelial cell counts compared with conventional PKP in patients ...
Zhao Xiong X Department of Orthopeadics, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, P.R. - - 2014
The surgical management of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in older children has been the subject of controversy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome in patients with neglected DDH who underwent individual procedures based on using three-dimensional computed tomography. Forty-seven patients (59 hips) were treated ...
Materazzi Gabriele G Department of Surgery, University of Pisa, Via Paradisa 2, 56100, Pisa, Italy, - - 2014
No studies have compared robot-assisted transaxillary thyroidectomy (RATT) and minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) regarding cosmetic outcome and satisfaction METHODS: Patients matching the inclusion criteria (benign nodule less than 4 cm and thyroid volume less than 30 mL) were randomly allotted to undergo MIVAT (group A) or RATT (group B). Cosmetic result, ...
Le Hai H School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA, - - 2014
Early walking as part of a perioperative care program benefits patients who have had surgery. However, the impact of early walking by itself on the mental and physical recovery of postoperative patients has not been examined. We established a program called walking to recovery (WTR) in which college volunteers provided ...
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