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Results 251 - 300 of 2427
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Garcia-Aparicio L L Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Pediatric Urology Division. Pediatric Surgery Barcelona, Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain ; - - 2014
Purpose: The aim of our study is to compare the outcomes of open and laparoscopic pyeloplasty in children less than 12 months of age Material and methods: We have reviewed all medical charts of patients under 12 months that underwent pyeloplasty from January 2007 to February 2013. We have divided ...
An Geng Shu GS Department of Analogy Surgery, People's Hospital of Tianjin, 190# Jieyuan Road, Nankai District, Tian Jin, 300192, China, - - 2014
To improve the procedures used to treat prolapse and hemorrhoids, novel magnetic rings were invented to use in circumferential mucosectomies to avoid the disadvantages of stapling techniques. Thirty adult pigs were randomly divided into three groups: Group A (n = 10), which underwent circumferential mucosectomy with novel magnetic rings; Group B (n = 10), ...
Bekawi Mohammad Sobhi MS *Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt †Department of Anesthesia And Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of Pregabalin in postoperative pain management after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A prospective, randomized, placebo, controlled, double-blinded study conducted at Anesthesia Department, Laparoscopy Surgery Unit, Ain Shams University Hospital. Ninety patients with ASA physical status I -II scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia were ...
Qiao Yanli Y Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Cardiac Disease Diagnosis and Treatment, Department of Cardiac Surgery, Jining Medical University Affiliated Hospital, Jining 272029, Shandong, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate feasibility and safety of minimally invasive video-assisted surgery for double-valve (mitral and aortic) replacement through right anterolateral minithoracotomy. Between February 2011 and April 2013, 60 patients with combined valvular disease underwent double valve replacement, 26 of them by minimally invasive video-assisted surgery through right anterolateral ...
Drobniewski Marek M Klinika Ortopedii i Ortopedii Dziecięcej Uniwersytetu Medycznego, - - 2014
Background. The aim of our study was an evaluation of long-term clinical and radiological results of arthroplasty with BiCONTACT stem. Material and methods. We qualified 115 patients (125 hips) to the retrospective analysis with a minimum 10-year follow-up period. The mean age of patients on the day of surgery varied ...
Sloan Tod B TB Department of Anesthesiology, Anschutz Office West (AO1), MS 8202, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, 12631 E 17th Avenue, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA, - - 2014
Total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with propofol and opioids is frequently utilized for spinal surgery when somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) and transcranial motor evoked potentials (tcMEPs) are monitored. Many anesthesiologists would prefer to utilize low dose halogenated anesthetics (e.g. 1/2 MAC). We examined our recent experience using 3 % desflurane or TIVA ...
Stepanyan Gevorg G Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 500 Parnassus Avenue, MU, San Francisco, CA, 94143, - - 2014
The new oral anticoagulants (NOAC), dabigatran and rivaroxaban, have been demonstrated to be at least equivalent to warfarin for preventing cardiac thromboembolism (TE) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, there is limited data regarding use around catheter ablation (CA) procedures. We evaluated the risk of bleeding and TE complications ...
Zhong T D TD Department of Anesthesia, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University Institute of Clinical Medicine, Hangzhou, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate whether combined oral oxycodone hydrochloride controlled-release tablets plus paracetamol and tramadol hydrochloride tablets are more effective than epidural analgesia for postoperative pain control and side effects after cesarean section. We randomly enrolled 60 patients scheduled for cesarean section into either: patient-controlled epidural analgesia with 0.1% ...
Kimura Masaomi M Department of Cardiology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, - - 2014
Contact force (CF) monitoring would be useful in accomplishing circumferential pulmonary vein (PV) isolation (CPVI) for atrial fibrillation (AF). To confirm its advantage, we compared the procedure parameters and outcomes between CF-guided and non-guided CPVI. Consecutive 38 AF patients (mean age, 60±11; paroxysmal AF, 27) undergoing CPVI were randomized to ...
Pedersen Tom T Head and Orthopaedic Center, Rigshospitalet, HOC 2101, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen,Blegdamsvej 9, Copenhagen, Denmark, - - 2014
This is an update of a review last published in Issue 9, 2009, of The Cochrane Library. Pulse oximetry is used extensively in the perioperative period and might improve patient outcomes by enabling early diagnosis and, consequently, correction of perioperative events that might cause postoperative complications or even death. Only ...
Hasegawa Tomomi T Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kobe Children's Hospital, Kobe, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects of intraoperative tranexamic acid administration in cardiac surgery without blood transfusion (bloodless cardiac surgery) in children. Seventy-one consecutive patients weighing less than 20 kg, who underwent bloodless cardiac surgery for simple atrial or ventricular septal defects at Kobe Children's Hospital ...
Ein Sigmund H SH Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada, - - 2014
The aim of the study is to evaluate a large series of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) patients treated by one pediatric surgeon focusing on their diagnostic difficulties and complications. From July 1969 to December 2003 (inclusive), the charts of 791 infants with IHPS were retrospectively reviewed. There were 647 ...
Awad W W London Chest Hospital, London, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To define the in-hospital and 6-month post-discharge resource use, following Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) and conventional Aortic Valve Replacement (AVR) surgery within a single UK hospital. Methods: A local service evaluation of patients undergoing TAVI or AVR between January 2011 and May 2012 captured data until 6-months ...
Ghoneim Ayman A AA *Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, National Cancer Institute †Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, - - 2014
The aim of this prospective, comparative, randomized study was to compare the inhalational anesthetics isoflurane, sevoflurane, and desflurane in pediatric patients undergoing craniotomy for excision of supratentorial tumors. We assessed early postoperative recovery outcome, intraoperative hemodynamics, and degree of brain swelling, as well as postoperative vomiting and shivering. Sixty patients ...
Sulkowski Jason P JP Department of Surgery, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio; Center for Surgical Outcomes Research, The Research Institute, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare postoperative outcomes of pediatric patients with complicated appendicitis managed with or without a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC). Patients aged ≤18 y in the Pediatric Health Information System database with complicated appendicitis that underwent appendectomy during their index admission in 2000-2012 were grouped ...
Tuzuner Arzu A Department of Otolaryngology, Ministry of Health Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Cebeci, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
Tympanoplasty is a common procedure in otolaryngology practice and several factors have been described to increase graft uptake. Independent of the technique and graft material, the revascularization process of the graft is related to patient factors as well as contact of the tympanic membrane remnant's edges with the graft material. ...
Yilmaz Berza Sen BS a Clinical Instructor, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Bezmialem Vakif University, Istanbul, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the skeletal, soft tissue, and airway effects of the alternate maxillary expansions and constrictions (Alt-RAMEC) protocol in prepubertal patients. Materials and Methods: The appliance containing a double-hinged expansion screw was applied to 20 patients with Class III skeletal malocclusion characterized by maxillary retrognathia. The mean age ...
Bass Edward James EJ Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospital Trust, Prescot Street, Liverpool L7 8XP, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease involving connective tissue and joints. The most common rheumatoid forefoot deformities are hallux valgus and clawed lesser toes. There are a number of surgical procedures that have been described offering symptomatic relief and anatomical correction. This prospective case series aims to assess outcome ...
Levinger Eliya E *Department of Ophthalmology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center (affiliated to the Sackler Faculty of Medicine), Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel; and †Enaim Medical Center, Jerusalem, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of "mushroom" femtosecond laser-enabled keratoplasty (M-FLEK) with those of conventional penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) in eyes with keratoconus. The femtosecond laser-enabled "mushroom" pattern keratoplasty technique results in less postoperative astigmatism and higher endothelial cell counts compared with conventional PKP in patients ...
Le Hai H School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA, - - 2014
Early walking as part of a perioperative care program benefits patients who have had surgery. However, the impact of early walking by itself on the mental and physical recovery of postoperative patients has not been examined. We established a program called walking to recovery (WTR) in which college volunteers provided ...
Materazzi Gabriele G Department of Surgery, University of Pisa, Via Paradisa 2, 56100, Pisa, Italy, - - 2014
No studies have compared robot-assisted transaxillary thyroidectomy (RATT) and minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) regarding cosmetic outcome and satisfaction METHODS: Patients matching the inclusion criteria (benign nodule less than 4 cm and thyroid volume less than 30 mL) were randomly allotted to undergo MIVAT (group A) or RATT (group B). Cosmetic result, ...
Ou George G Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
High-quality colonoscope withdrawal technique is associated with a higher adenoma detection rate. Position change is routinely used in barium enema and CT colonography to facilitate adequate distension of the colon and promote movement of fluid from the segment of the colon being assessed. To determine whether prescribed position changes during ...
Zhao Xiong X Department of Orthopeadics, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, P.R. - - 2014
The surgical management of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in older children has been the subject of controversy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome in patients with neglected DDH who underwent individual procedures based on using three-dimensional computed tomography. Forty-seven patients (59 hips) were treated ...
Gregoric Igor D ID From the Department of Cardiopulmonary Transplantation and the Center for Cardiac Support, Texas Heart Institute at St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, - - 2014
Gelatin impregnated non-porous sealed grafts were introduced in the inflow and outflow conduits for use with the HeartMate II (HMII) to eliminate pre-clotting procedures and to reduce operative bleeding.We compared results of 67 patients who received first time LVADs with sealed inflow and outflow grafts (S-graft group) to a preceding ...
Shen Yun-Dun YD Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei Medical University-Shuang Ho Hospital, New Taipei City, - - 2014
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common complication after pediatric strabismus surgery. Steroids and ondansetron (a 5-HT3 antagonist) can effectively reduce nausea, vomiting, and pain and thus might be useful agents for the prevention of PONV in pediatric patients. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic ...
Soong Wen-Jue WJ Children's Medical Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan, Republic of China; Institute of Emergency and Critical Care Medicines, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2014
To evaluate the safety, feasibility and efficacy of a novel non-invasive ventilation (NIV) technique-pharyngeal oxygen with nose-closure and abdominal-compression (PhO2 -NC-AC)-to aid pediatric flexible bronchoscopy (FB). A prospective 1 year study of patients who received FB. A basic PhO2 flow (0.5-1.0 L/kg/min, maximal 5.0 L/min) was routinely applied. Active NIV was initiated ...
Fröhlich Georg M - - 2014
The hypothesis of this study was that local anesthesia with monitored anesthesia care (MAC) is not harmful in comparison to general anesthesia (GA) for patients undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVR).TAVR is a rapidly spreading treatment option for severe aortic valve stenosis. Traditionally, in most centers, this procedure is done ...
Toms Rune R Department of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care, Section of Cardiovascular Intensive Care, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Ala, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Ala, - - 2014
The aim of this is study is to determine if preoperative trophic feeds (TFs) can improve outcomes after Norwood palliation. This is a retrospective cohort study. The setting is a pediatric cardiovascular intensive care unit in a tertiary hospital. The patients were 50 consecutive patients with hypoplastic left heart, excluding ...
Wynn Gareth J GJ The Institute of Cardiovascular Medicine and Science; Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital; Imperial College - - 2014
The most frequent complications of AF ablation (AFA) are related to vascular access, but there is little evidence as to how these can be minimized. Consecutive patients undergoing AFA at a high-volume center received either standard care (Group S) or routine ultrasound-guided vascular access (Group U). Vascular complications were assessed ...
Aoyama Toru - - 2014
This randomized Phase III trial will evaluate whether the methylene blue-assisted technique is efficient for harvesting lymph nodes after radical surgery for gastric cancer.Methods/design: Patients that undergo distal or total gastrectomy with radical nodal dissection will be randomly assigned to Group A: the standard group, the lymph nodes (LNs) will ...
Machida Shigeki S Department of Ophthalmology, Iwate Medical University School of Medicine, 19-1 Uchimaru, Morioka, Iwate, 020-8505, Japan, - - 2014
To compare the function of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) using the photopic negative response (PhNR) in patients who had undergone indocyaine green (ICG)-assisted, brilliant blue G (BBG)-assisted, or triamcinolone acetonide (TA)-assisted internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling during macular hole (MH) surgery. Forty-eight eyes of 48 patients with a macular hole ...
Zeng Xz X Department of Anaesthesiology, Second Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Heilongjiang, - - 2014
Thoracic epidural anaesthesia alone is an applied technique of anaesthesia for nephrectomy which has both advantages and limitations. Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective alpha2-adrenoreceptor agonist which has both central and peripheral analgesic properties. Forty patients undergoing nephrectomy were enrolled in this clinical trial and allocated randomly to two groups, a ...
Lim Yc Y Department of Anaesthesia, Changi General Hospital, - - 2014
Pre-procedural ultrasound scanning has been used to facilitate spinal anaesthesia in patients with difficult anatomical landmarks and shown to improve first-attempt success rates in some studies. We studied whether pre-procedural ultrasound scanning improved first-attempt success rate and decreased time taken for the procedure in the general adult population. In this ...
Manske M Claire MC Shriners Hospital for Children and the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Louis Children's Hospital at Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, - - 2014
To assess recurrence and complications in children with radial longitudinal deficiency treated with or without external fixator soft tissue distraction prior to centralization. Thirteen upper extremities treated with centralization alone were compared with 13 treated with ring fixator distraction followed by centralization. Resting wrist position between the 2 groups was compared ...
K Szilágyi Adrienn - - 2014
Long stay in intensive care unit (ICU) and prolonged ventilation are deleterious for subsequent quality of life and surcharge financial capacity. We have already demonstrated the beneficial effects of using suggestive communication on recovery time during intensive care. The aim of our present study was to prove the same effects ...
Chen Limei - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the surgical and obstetric results of laparoscopy versus laparotomy in the management of ovarian cyst during pregnancy. Sixty-nine eligible patients who met our criteria were randomly divided into the laparoscopy group (n = 33) and the laparotomy group (n = 36). The two groups were ...
Kim Eu-Gene EG Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Eulji General Hospital, Eulji University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) commonly occur after general anesthesia, especially in women. In this study, we evaluated the antiemetic efficacy of propofol administered at the end of surgery in highly susceptible patients undergoing a laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy. A total of 107 women undergoing a laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy under general ...
Barrett M J - - 2014
The birth prevalence of gastroschisis worldwide has increased over the past decades. We aim to determine the Irish national incidence of gastroschisis repairs (NIGR) over a 5 year period (2007- 2011) and clinical outcomes by a retrospective cohort review of cases admitted to all Irish paediatric surgical units. Seventy patients ...
Gagnon Louis-Olivier LO The Vancouver Prostate Centre and Department of Urologic Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2014
We assessed outcomes and costs of open prostatectomy (OP) versus robotic-assisted prostatectomy (RAP) at a single tertiary care university hospital. We retrospectively analyzed 200 consecutive OP by 1 experienced open surgeon (MG) and 200 consecutive RAP by an experienced open surgeon (SLG), after allowing for a short learning curve of ...
Jørgensen L N LN Departments of Surgery, Bispebjerg Hospital, - - 2014
There are no randomized studies that compare outcomes after single-incision (SLC) and conventional multi-incision (MLC) laparoscopic cholecystectomy under an optimized perioperative analgesic regimen. This patient- and assessor-blinded randomized three-centre clinical trial compared SLC and MLC in women admitted electively with cholecystolithiasis. Outcomes were registered on the day of operation (day ...
Ghahramani Leila L Colorectal Research Center, Faghihi Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
The gold standard of the management of rectal cancer in the middle and lower parts is low anterior resection with coloanal anastomosis. About 50% of the patients undergoing this procedure might experience some complications because of the low capacity of the neorectum. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Weiner Eran E Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, - - 2014
To study the effect of a departmental program designed to shorten the decision-to-delivery interval (DDI) for emergency cesarean section (ECS) for nonreassuring fetal heart rate (NRFHR) on maternal and neonatal outcome. A protocol for managing ECS that included documenting precise time-intervals, identification of delaying obstacles and debriefing of each case, ...
Lal A K AK Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Illinois at Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
To evaluate the ability to obtain autopsy and cytogenetics after midtrimester termination. A retrospective cohort study of women undergoing termination, via induction or dilation and evacuation (D&E), at 16 0/7-23 6/7 weeks was performed. Exclusion criteria were elective termination, preterm labor,PPROM and no autopsy or cytogenetic exam performed. The ability to ...
Zhao-Jing Xue X Department of Anesthesiology, PUMC Hospital, CAMS and PUMC, Beijing 100730, - - 2014
Objective To evaluate the efficacy of reflex entropy(RE)/state entropy(SE)in monitoring the response to nociceptive stimulus during propofol-remifentanil infusion.Methods After the approval of the hospital ethics committee,sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists(ASA)classification 1-2 patients,aged 18-65 years,receiving the hypogastrium operation undergoing general anesthesia,were randomly allocated to groups A and B with different remifentanil ...
Holm Niels R NR Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus N, - - 2014
Aims: To compare in a randomised trial the safety and efficacy of the FemoSeal vascular closure device (VCD) versus manual compression (MC) after femoral access coronary angiography (CAG). Methods and results: In 13 months, 1,014 patients were included and 1,001 patients entered analysis. Median [interquartile range] closure time was 8.0 ...
Hsu Wen-Feng WF Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Hsin-Chu Branch, Hsin-Chu, - - 2014
Background and study aims: Carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation during colonoscopy can significantly decrease abdominal pain and bloating after the procedure, but its impact on the frequency and duration of toilet use remains unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of CO2 insufflation on toilet use after ...
Karataş Duran D From the Ear Nose Throat, Melikgazi Medical Center, Kayseri, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of transseptal suturing against 3 different types of nasal packings with respect to pain, operating time, and postoperative complications after nasal septal surgery. Two hundred twenty-eight patients (aged between 18 and 58 y) undergoing nasal septal surgery were included in ...
Ozgür Berat Cem BC Ankara Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, Altindag - - - 2014
AIM:To evaluate the efficacy, auxiliary procedures and complications of pediatric extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) performed with electrohydraulic lithotripters.METHODS:Children with urolithiasis, aged between 0 and 15, were retrospectively evaluated. ESWL was performed by using two different electrohydraulic lithotripters, Elmed Multimed Classic (Elmed Medical Systems, Ankara, Turkey) and E-1000 (EMD Medical ...
Inacio Maria C S MC Surgical Outcomes and Analysis Department, Kaiser Permanente, San Diego, - - 2014
This study compared the total joint arthroplasty (TJA) surgical outcomes of patients who had bariatric surgery prior to TJA to TJA patients who were candidates but did not have bariatric surgery. Patients were retrospectively grouped into: Group 1 (n=69), those with bariatric surgery >2years prior to TJA, Group 2 (n=102), ...
Avino Daniela D Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Hôpital Universitaire des Enfants Reine Fabiola, Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare remifentanil and morphine-midazolam for use in nonurgent endotracheal intubation in neonates. In this prospective noninferiority randomized trial, newborns of gestational age ≥28 weeks admitted in the neonatal intensive care unit requiring an elective or semielective endotracheal intubation were divided into 2 groups. One group (n = 36) received ...
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