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Results 201 - 250 of 2429
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Sung Wenjay W White Memorial Medical Group, Los Angeles, CA - - 2014
Background. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients with second hammertoe deformities who underwent correction using either joint resection arthroplasty, proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP) arthrodesis without osteotomy, or interpositional implant arthroplasty. Methods. Medical records from patients who underwent second PIP correction from July 1999 to ...
Tsang Flora Hau Fung FH Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong, - - 2014
Cardiomyocyte apoptosis has been implicated in ventricular remodeling and initiation of cardiac failure. We sought to determine the severity of right ventricular (RV) cardiomyocyte apoptosis in cyanotic and acyanotic children with RV pressure overload. Fourteen patients, seven with tetralogy of Fallot (group I) and seven with pulmonary stenosis and ventricular ...
Dündar Rıza R Kızıltepe State Hospital, ENT Department, Mardin, - - 2014
We investigated the outcomes of the endoscopic versus microscopic approach to type 1 tympanoplasty in pediatric patients. In this retrospective study, the outcomes of 61 ears of 60 pediatric patients (33 male and 27 female) who underwent type 1 tympanoplasty were evaluated. One patient underwent a bilateral operation. The age ...
Zhang Zhaodi Z Department of Anesthesiology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, , Harbin, - - 2014
To evaluate whether electroacupuncture (EA) at ST36 can accelerate the recovery of gastrointestinal motility after colorectal surgery. Forty patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status II and III undergoing elective open resection of malignant colorectal tumours were included in this study. Using a sealed envelope method, the patients were ...
Razdan Sanjay S 1 Department of Urology, Herbert Wertheim Florida International University College of Medicine , Jackson South Hospital, Miami, - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the impact of maximal urethral length preservation (MULP) technique in comparison with posterior urethral reconstruction and anterior bladder suspension (PRAS) technique on the continence rates (CR), time to achieve continence among patients with prostate cancer (PCa) undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP). Patients and Methods: We prospectively ...
Dewhirst Elisabeth E Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, Wexner Medical Center at Ohio State University, OH, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite the brevity of the procedure, bilateral myringotomy and tympanostomy tube placement (BMT) can result in significant postoperative pain and discomfort. As the procedure is frequently performed without intravenous access, non-parenteral routes of administration are frequently used for analgesia. The current study prospectively compares the efficacy of intranasal (IN) dexmedetomidine ...
Park Heon-Mook HM a PhD Graduate Student, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, South - - 2014
Objective: To compare the effect of secondary alveolar bone graft (SABG) on the tooth development stage of the maxillary central incisor (MXCI) and maxillary canine (MXC) in terms of the severity of unilateral cleft. Materials and Methods: The subjects consisted of 50 boys with unilateral cleft lip and alveolus (UCLA) ...
Tarchi P P Department of General Surgery, University of Trieste (Italy) - - - 2014
Lichtenstein tension-free mesh repair is the most frequently performed procedure for inguinal hernioplasty. In the past surgery aimed to control recurrences. Nowadays it is important to avoid postoperative chronic pain and thus several studies have examined the potential role of meshes in causing postoperative pain. The purpose of this study ...
Cavkaytar Sabri S Ankara Dr Zekai Tahir Burak Women' Health Research and Education Hospital, Department of Gynecology. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the effects of horizontal and vertical vaginal cuff closure techniques on vagina length in vaginal hysterectomy. A prospective randomized study (Canadian Task Force Classification I). Teaching and research hospital, a tertiary center. Fifty-two women with POP-Q stage 0 or 1 uterine prolapse were randomized into two groups using ...
Angioli Roberto R Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Campus Bio Medico University of Rome, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the verbal and written preoperative information in patients undergoing surgery for malignant gynaecologic disease, in terms of satisfaction about preoperative received informations, hospitalization days, postoperative pain experienced using visual analogue scale (VAS) and number of pain drugs used daily. From January 2008 to December 2012, consecutive patients with ...
Tanikawa Hidenori H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Saitama City Hospital, Saitama-ken, - - 2014
We conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial to test the null hypothesis that there is no difference between sciatic nerve block (SNB) and local infiltration of analgesia (LIA) regarding postoperative analgesia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), when administrated in addition to femoral nerve block (FNB). Forty-six patients scheduled for TKA ...
Lee Jin Kyu JK Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
We sought to compare a group (Group L) (n=21) of patients that underwent total knee arthroplasty and received a single preoperative dose of pregabalin combined with a COX-2 inhibitor with a control group (Group C) (n=20) that only received a COX-2 inhibitor in terms of (1) acute postoperative pain intensity, ...
Tofil Nancy M NM Department of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA; Pediatric Simulation Center, Children's of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, - - 2014
Exposure to rare pediatric anesthesia emergencies varies depending on the residency program. Simulation can provide increased exposure to these rare events, improve performance of residents, and also aid in standardizing the curriculum. The purpose of this study was to evaluate time to recognize and treat ventricular fibrillation in a pediatric ...
Buchini Sara S Pediatric Hematology Oncology, Institute for Maternal and Child Health - IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo", via dell'Istria 65/1, 34137 Trieste, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe, in a sample of pediatric onco-hematological patients, the rate of occlusions in unused central venous catheters (CVC) flushed once a week with a 0.9% sodium chloride solution through a positive-pressure-valve needleless connector. Retrospective cohort study. Subjects aged 0-17 years were identified through a manual search in medical and ...
Lv Bo-Dong - - 2014
In our experience patients undergoing circumcision are mostly concerned about pain and penile appearances. We conducted a prospective randomized trial to assess the benefits of a new disposable circumcision suture device (DCSD). A total of 942 patients were equally divided into three groups (conventional circumcision, Shang ring and disposable suture ...
Panni Alfredo Schiavone AS Department of Medicine and Science for Health, Molise University, Via De Sanctis 1, Campobasso, - - 2014
Extensive blood loss after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) may be a potential problem since it leads to anaemia, increased need for transfusion and prolonged hospitalization. Aim of this study was to investigate the effects of postoperative knee flexion after TKA on blood loss and the need for transfusion. One hundred ...
Choi Sh - - 2014
SUMMARY This study examined the effect of both the tooth substance and restorative filling materials on the increase in pulp chamber temperature when using light-curing units with different power densities. The tip of a temperature sensor was positioned on the pulpal dentinal wall of the buccal side of a maxillary ...
Di Pede Alessandra A Department of Medical and Surgical Neonatology, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, - - 2014
In infants, post-thoracotomy analgesia traditionally consists of systemic opiates, while regional techniques have gained more favor in recent years. We compare the two techniques for thoracotomy in infants. All consecutive patients below 6 months of age who underwent thoracotomy for congenital pulmonary malformations in the study period were retrospectively divided according ...
Ebalard M M Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery Department, CHU Rennes, hôpital Pontchaillou, 2, rue Henri-Le-Guilloux, 35000 Rennes, - - 2014
The goal of this retrospective, multicentre study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes in patients who have undergone partial or total arthrodesis of the subtalar and midtarsal joints. Secondary osteoarthritis of the adjacent joints can negatively affect the outcomes more than 10 years after these fusion procedures. The outcomes of ...
Edwards Peter K PK School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western - - 2014
Matrix-induced autologous chondrocyte implantation (MACI) has become an established technique for the repair of chondral defects in the knee. MACI has traditionally required an open arthrotomy, though now lends itself to an arthroscopic technique, which may decrease the associated co-morbidity of arthrotomy, potentially allowing for faster rehabilitation. To compare post-operative ...
Kobayashi Shinjiro S Division of Gastroenterological and General Surgery, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, 2-16-1 Sugao, Miyamae-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, 216-8511, Japan, - - 2014
It has been considered that allowing patients to return to daily life earlier after surgery helps recovery of physiological function and reduces postoperative complications and hospital stay. We investigated the usefulness of fast-track management in perioperative care of patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Patients (n = 90) who received conventional perioperative management from ...
Vastamäki H H ORTON Research Institute and ORTON Hospital, Invalid Foundation, Helsinki, - - 2014
Stiffness after a rotator cuff tear is common. So is stiffness after an arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. In the literature, however, postoperative restriction of passive range of motion after open rotator cuff repair in shoulders with free passive range of motion at surgery has seldom been recognized. We hypothesize that ...
Antoni M M Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, Service de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologique, Centre de Chirurgie Orthopédique et de la Main, 10, avenue Bauymann, 67400 Illkirch-Graffenstaden, - - 2014
The goal of this retrospective study was to compare pain control following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on a perioperative protocol of local anesthesia (LA) versus the more classical femoral nerve block (FNB) technique. Fitness for discharge would be achieved earlier using the LA protocol. Ninety-eight consecutive TKA patients operated on ...
Qian Xiaoqiang X Department of Urology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Objective: We introduce a new method of peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter placement with cystoscopic assistance. It has clear advantages compared with conventional open surgery. Materials and methods: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) were randomly divided into two groups. Group A (14 patients) underwent cystoscopy-assisted surgery, and group B (15 ...
Cain Michael T MT Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, - - 2014
This study evaluates the relationship of morbidity and resource utilization with the timing of early neonatal repair of transposition of the great arteries and intact ventricular septum (d-TGA/IVS). All patients with d-TGA/IVS who underwent arterial switch in the first 14 days of life, between January 2000 and May 2011, were ...
Mari Giulio M GM Chirurgia Generale e Videolaparoscopica. Ospedale Niguarda-Cà Granda, Milano, - - 2014
The value of fast-track (FT) multimodal recovery programs in improving hospitalization of surgical patients has been widely proved. The application of FT protocols to laparoscopic colorectal surgery seems to maximize the effects of the minimally invasive approach. The objectives of this randomized-controlled trial are to compare the short-term outcomes (bowel ...
Conrad-Hengerer Ina - - 2014
To compare femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery with standard phacoemulsification concerning the incidence of postoperative clinical or subclinical macular edema and the correlation between macular thickness and postoperative intraocular inflammation values. One hundred four eyes of 104 patients were treated by laser-assisted cataract surgery and the fellow 104 eyes underwent phacoemulsification ...
He Yong Y Department of Thoracic Surgery, The Fifth Hospital of Dalian, Dalian, Liaoning 116021, P.R. China ; Department of Thoracic Surgery, Papworth Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge University Partners, Cambridge CB23 3RE, - - 2014
At present, there is increasing interest in surgical procedures using a robot-assisted device. The aim of this study was to investigate whether robot-assisted video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) was more effective than conventional VATS. A total of 64 VATS lobectomies in Papworth Hospital (Cambridge, UK) were included in the study. In ...
Eidi Mahmoud M Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Presence of a sore throat after surgery is a common side effect of general anesthesia with intratracheal intubation and can cause discomfort for the patient and prolong the recovery process. In this study we compared the effect of dexamethasone before and after intubation on the incidence of sore throat after ...
Macrae Duncan D Royal Brompton Hospital, London, - - 2014
Early research in adults admitted to intensive care suggested that tight control of blood glucose during acute illness can be associated with reductions in mortality, length of hospital stay and complications such as infection and renal failure. Prior to our study, it was unclear whether or not children could also ...
Höh H H Klinik für Augenheilkunde, Dietrich-Bonhoeffer-Klinikum (Chairman: Prof. Dr. med. Helmut Höh), - - 2014
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate through 2 postoperative years the clinical outcomes associated with a novel supraciliary micro-stent for the surgical treatment of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) when implanted in conjunction with cataract surgery. Patients and Method: In a multicenter, prospective, consecutive case series, 136 subjects (136 ...
Katsargyris A A Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Klinikum Nürnberg, Nürnberg, Germany - - - 2014
Aim of the study was to review our experience with fenestrated and branched stent-grafts to treat juxtarenal (JAA) and thoracoabdominal (TAAA) aortic aneurysms after previous open or endovascular aortic surgery. A prospectively maintained database including all consecutive patients with JAA or TAAA treated with fenestrated/branched stent-grafts after previous open or ...
Chopra Pooja P Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
We undertook this study to ascertain if a small dose of clonidine (30 μg) when added to a bupivacaine-fentanyl mixture improves spinal analgesia, without producing side effects, as compared to a bupivacaine-fentanyl or a bupivacaine-clonidine mixture. In this prospective, randomized, double-blind study, 75 (American Society of Anesthesiologists) ASA grade I-II ...
Alvarado-Socarrás J L JL Colombia Cardiovascular Foundation Floridablanca, Colombia:2 Organización Latinoamericana para el Fomento de la Investigación en Salud (OLFIS), Bucaramanga, Colombia - - - 2014
The postextubation chest X-ray (CXR) is frequently taken in neonates who have undergone mechanical ventilation (MV); however, this is not an evidence-based practice. The aim of this paper was to assess the utility of routine post-extubation CXR on the prognosis for neonates who have undergone MV. This is a retrospective ...
Seyedhejazi Mahin M Department of Anaesthesia, Tabriz Children Hospital, Sheshkelan st, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Background: We compared the analgesic effects of caudal and ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric nerve block using bupivacaine-clonidine performed in children undergoing inguinal hernia repair. The ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric nerve block provides excellent pain relief for operations on the inguinal region, including emergency procedures (e.g. strangulated inguinal hernia with intestinal obstruction). It should be preferred to ...
El Shamaa Hossam A HA Department of Anesthesia, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, - - 2014
One of the most commonly used regional anesthetic techniques in pediatric surgeries is the caudal epidural block. Its main disadvantage remains the short duration of action. Hence, different additives have been used. Dexmedetomidine is a potent as well as highly selective α2 adrenergic receptor agonist. The aim of this randomized, ...
Almarakbi Waleed A WA Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia ; Department of Anesthesiology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, - - 2014
Dexmedetomidine is an alpha 2 adrenergic agonist, prolongs analgesia when used in neuraxial and peripheral nerve blocks. We studied the effect of addition of dexmedetomidine to bupivacaine to perform transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block. A total of 50 patients scheduled for abdominal hysterectomy were divided into two equal groups in ...
Dinesh Chilkunda N CN Department of Anesthesiology, M. S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, - - 2014
The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of intravenous dexmedetomidine on spinal anesthesia with 0.5% of hyperbaric bupivacaine. One hundred American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I/II patients undergoing elective surgeries under spinal anesthesia were randomized into two groups of 50 each. Immediately after subarachnoid block with ...
Hosseini Habibollah H Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
One of the major complications of cardiac surgery is the presence of post-operative bleeding. The aim of the present study was to investigate the topical application of tranexamic acid in the pericardial cavity on post-operative bleeding in off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. This study was on 71 patients ...
Asawabharuj Kittipak - - 2014
To compare urinary continent rate at six and 12-month postoperative period, and perioperative outcome between robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) and laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) at Siriraj Hospital. All medical records of patients performed RALP and LRP between 2005 and 2010 were reviewed. Data composed of demographic information, perioperative outcome, ...
Joshi Bharti B Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
Indwelling transurethral catheter is frequently used after gynecological surgeries in order to prevent urinary retention. There is controversy about the ideal time to remove the catheter after surgery. This randomized controlled study was undertaken to determine whether the immediate removal of urinary catheter after abdominal hysterectomy affects the rate of ...
Yildiz Esma E Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to evaluate four different pulpotomy medicaments in primary molars. A total of 147 primary molars with deep caries were treated with four different pulpotomy medicaments (FC: formocresol, FS: ferric sulfate, CH: calcium hydroxide, and MTA: mineral trioxide aggregate) in this study. The criteria for ...
Rajesh M M Department of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics, M R Ambedkar Dental College & Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, - - 2014
To evaluate the amount and percentage of anchor loss after initial leveling and aligning using a ROTH and MBT prescription. Pre and post alignment lateral cephalograms & dental casts of 10 ROTH & 10 MBT patients. In the study, it was found that the amount of anchor loss is greater ...
Khan Kalyan K Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, North Bengal Medical College , India - - 2014
Among the multitude of daily administrative problems which are faced by the modern hospitals today, prolonged Turnaround Time (TAT) of laboratory investigations is a crucial one, which affects patient care as well as patient satisfaction adversely. The specific objectives were to observe the TAT of common laboratory investigations, to identify ...
Wanat Matthew M University of Houston College of Pharmacy, Houston, Texas ; Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, - - 2014
Many cardiovascular surgeries are fast-tracked to extubation and require short-term sedation. Dexmedetomidine and propofol have very different mechanisms of action and pharmacokinetic profiles that make them attractive sedative agents in this patient population. Recently, there has been increased use of dexmedetomidine in the intensive care unit (ICU), but few studies ...
Cicolini Giancarlo G Department of Medicine and Aging Sciences, University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy; ASL, 02 Abruzzo, - - 2014
This multi-centre prospective field study evaluated whether peripheral venous catheter site of insertion influences the risk of catheter-related phlebitis. Potential predictors of phlebitis were also investigated. Millions of patients worldwide use peripheral venous catheters, which frequently cause local complications including phlebitis, infection and obstruction. Although phlebitis predictors have been broadly ...
Koktekir Ender E Departments of Neurosurgery - - 2014
Object In this study the authors compare the efficacy of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) versus CSF shunting for resolution of papilledema in hydrocephalus. Methods This comparative case series study recruited 12 patients (24 eyes) with hydrocephalus who underwent either an ETV (Group 1, 6 patients [12 eyes]) or CSF shunt ...
Zhang Wei W Department of Anesthesiology, Anhui Medical University Affiliated Auhui Provincial Hospital, People's Republic of - - 2014
Paravertebral block (PVB) has been shown to be an ideal aid for analgesia after thoracic or abdominal surgery. The authors studied the safety and efficacy of the single-dose and bilateral ultrasound-guided (USG)-PVB before combined thoracoscopic-laparoscopic esophagectomy (TLE) along with intravenous sufentanil analgesia as a method of pain relief in comparison ...
Campbell William W From the *University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2014
Abdominoplasty is one of the highest risk plastic surgery procedures for venous thromboembolism complications (VTE). Current recommendations for VTE prophylaxis are sequential compression devices (SCDs) in the OR and optional use of subcutaneous heparin after surgery. Subcutaneous heparin has been shown to be safe in other surgical groups. However, the ...
Salomão Dlf - - 2014
SUMMARY The aim of the current study was to assess the acid demineralization susceptibility of bleached dental enamel submitted to different fluoride regimens. One hundred bovine enamel blocks (6×6×3 mm) were randomly divided into 10 groups (n=10). Groups 1 and 2 received no bleaching. Groups 3 to 6 were submitted ...
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