Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2482
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Tjoumakaris Fotios Paul - - 2014
Arthrofibrosis after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a potentially devastating complication, resulting in loss of motion and function and residual pain. For patients in whom aggressive physical therapy and manipulation under anesthesia fail, lysis of adhesions may be the only option to rescue the stiff TKA. The purpose of this ...
Sugiyama Kazuna K Department of Dental Anesthesiology, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima, 890-8544, Japan, - - 2014
Epistaxis is a common complication of nasal intubation. Ease of insertion of the tracheal tube may be influenced by bevel orientation and tip bending. We examined ease of insertion and epistaxis with two tubes with different orientations and with or without a stylet to modify tip bending. Two hundred patients ...
Khan Sher Akbar SA Department of Ophthalmology, LRBT Hospital, Akora - - 2014
Objective: To compare the efficacy of subtenon with peribulbar local anesthesia without hyaluronidase in patients undergoing cataract surgery. Study Design: A randomized controlled trial. Place and Duration of Study: Eye "B" Unit, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar, from October 2009 to October 2010. Methodology: Patients undergoing cataract surgery were divided into ...
Afolayan J M JM Department of Anaesthesia, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, - - 2014
Profound side-effects following intrathecal use of local anesthetics as the sole drugs of choice make spinal anesthesia for open appendicectomy uncommon. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of intra-operative analgesia produced by intrathecal tramadol and fentanyl during bupivacaine spinal anesthesia for open appendicectomy. A prospective randomized ...
Khanzada Mahtab Alam MA Dr. Mahtab Alam Khanzada MBBS, FCPS, Second Fellowship trainee (Vireo retina), Ophthalmology Unit I, Dow University of Health Sciences, Civil Hospital, Karachi, - - 2014
To assess impact of duration of macular detachment on visual outcome after scleral buckling for retinal detachment with macula off. Prospective, descriptive case series was conducted at Ophthalmology Department Dow University of Health Sciences, Civil Hospital Karachi and Al Noor Eye Clinic Karachi from May 2012 to June 2013. Five ...
Huerta Sergio S University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center/VA North Texas Health Care System, Dallas, - - 2014
Outcomes from emergent inguinal hernia (IH) repair in veteran octogenarians are not well described. We reviewed outcomes for this cohort from 2005 to 2012 at the VA North Texas Health Care System. There were 15 emergent (Group I) and 86 elective (Group II) operations performed in octogenarians. Age and American ...
Wang Michael Y MY University of Miami, Neurosurgery, Miami, - - 2014
Object Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) options for the treatment of adult spinal deformity (ASD) have advanced significantly over the past decade. However, a wide array of options have been described as being MIS or less invasive. In this study the authors investigated a multiinstitutional cohort of patients with ASD who ...
Kahveci Kadriye K Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Ulus State Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
General anesthesia (GA) is the most commonly used anesthetic technique for spinal surgery. This study aimed to compare spinal anesthesia (SA) and GA in patients undergoing spinal surgery, in terms of perioperative outcome and cost effectiveness. The study included 80 patients with ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) physical status I-II. ...
Moreno Maritzel A MA San Juan City Hospital, San Juan, Puerto - - 2014
In Puerto Rico the elective induction rate is as high as 37% and ranks in the third position of global reports for preterm birth rates with 16.7%. The objective of this study was to identify practice patterns, perceptions, and understanding of the Hard Stop Policy for limiting elective inductions before ...
Lin Sheng S Department of Anesthesiology, Yantai Shan Hospital, Yantai, Shandong 264001, P.R. China ; Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250001, P.R. - - 2014
This aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on the intraoperative monitoring of somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs) and motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) in patients undergoing spinal surgery. A total of 36 patients who received spinal surgery under general anesthesia were randomly divided into two groups (n=18 ...
Ma Jian J Eye Center, Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine , Hangzhou , China - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate whether CS-g-MMCs conjugate (CSM) could be a new agent to prevent the post-operative fibrosis in a rabbit model of experimental glaucoma filtration surgery. Materials and methods: In a randomized, controlled, masked-observer study, 40 New Zealand White rabbits underwent trabeculectomy in ...
Chen Qiang Q Department of Cardiac Surgery, Bristol Royal Hospital for Children, Bristol, - - 2014
To evaluate outcomes of the Glenn procedure with or without pulsatile antegrade pulmonary blood flow during palliation of patients with functionally single ventricles. The clinical records of 111 consecutive patients who underwent a bidirectional Glenn procedure for palliation of single ventricle morphologies at our institution between 1997 and 2010 were ...
Iegami C M CM Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
One obstacle to placing artificial posterior teeth in manufacturing complete dentures is a reduction of the space between the maxilla and the mandible. Occasionally, second molar placement is not performed, as it does not affect aesthetics, phonetics or comfort. The aim of this study was to compare the masticatory efficiency ...
Li Hong-Tao HT Hong-Tao Li, Xiao-Peng Han, Lin Su, Wan-Kun Zhu, Wei Xu, Kun Li, Hong-Bin Liu, Department of General Surgery, General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Region, Lanzhou 730050, Gansu Province, - - 2014
To investigate the short-term benefits of laparoscopic radical gastrectomy (LARG) and open radical gastrectomy (ORG) in patients with gastric cancer. A total of 400 patients with gastric cancer aged ≤ 65 years who were treated at General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Region were enrolled. Among these, 200 patients underwent LARG ...
Ressia Laura L Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Genoa, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of fenoldopam mesylate (dose 0.2 µg/kg/min) in reducing the occurrence of hyperlactataemia (i.e. peak level of blood lactate >2.0 mM/l) during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in paediatric cardiac surgery. Hyperlactataemia occurring during CPB for paediatric cardiac surgery is considered an early biomarker of an increased risk of ...
Belzer Jennifer S JS 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. 2Department of Neurosurgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. 3Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Epidemiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, - - 2014
To describe the time course, variability, and magnitude of serum sodium changes among children undergoing intracranial tumor surgery. Retrospective cohort study. Tertiary children's hospital in Salt Lake City, UT. Children 0-19 years undergoing first neurosurgical procedure for an intracranial tumor, treated during January 2001 and February 2012. None. Three hundred ...
Kim Min-Chan MC Department of Surgery, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to evaluate long-term outcomes regarding readmission for laparoscopy-assisted distal subtotal gastrectomy (LADG) compared to conventional open distal subtotal gastrectomy (CODG) for early gastric cancer (EGC). Between January 2003 and December 2006, 223 and 106 patients underwent LADG and CODG, respectively, for EGC by one ...
Cagini Carlo C Department of Ophthalmology, University of Perugia, Perugia - - - 2014
To determine the efficacy of timolol 0.1% gel in preventing increased intraocular pressure (IOP) after uncomplicated cataract surgery. In this prospective, double-blinded, randomized study were enrolled 70 patients who underwent uncomplicated cataract surgery with phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation. After cataract surgery, 25 patients received a single instillation of timolol ...
Pekel Gökhan G Department of Ophthalmology, Pamukkale University , Camlaralti Mahallesi, Denizli , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To investigate the effects of intracameral carbachol in phacoemulsification surgery on central macular thickness (CMT), total macular volume (TMV) and retinal vessel caliber (RVC). Materials and methods: In this prospective consecutive case series, 82 patients underwent uneventful phacoemulsification and in-the-bag intraocular lens implantation. Unlike patients in the control ...
Sung Wenjay W White Memorial Medical Group, Los Angeles, CA - - 2014
Background. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients with second hammertoe deformities who underwent correction using either joint resection arthroplasty, proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP) arthrodesis without osteotomy, or interpositional implant arthroplasty. Methods. Medical records from patients who underwent second PIP correction from July 1999 to ...
Kohira Satoshi S Medical Engineering Center, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Sagamihara, - - 2014
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) elicits a systemic inflammatory response. Our previous reports revealed that prophylactic sivelestat administration at CPB initiation suppresses the postoperative acute inflammatory response due to CPB in pediatric cardiac surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of sivelestat administration before CPB and at CPB ...
Tsang Flora Hau Fung FH Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong, - - 2014
Cardiomyocyte apoptosis has been implicated in ventricular remodeling and initiation of cardiac failure. We sought to determine the severity of right ventricular (RV) cardiomyocyte apoptosis in cyanotic and acyanotic children with RV pressure overload. Fourteen patients, seven with tetralogy of Fallot (group I) and seven with pulmonary stenosis and ventricular ...
Dündar Rıza R Kızıltepe State Hospital, ENT Department, Mardin, - - 2014
We investigated the outcomes of the endoscopic versus microscopic approach to type 1 tympanoplasty in pediatric patients. In this retrospective study, the outcomes of 61 ears of 60 pediatric patients (33 male and 27 female) who underwent type 1 tympanoplasty were evaluated. One patient underwent a bilateral operation. The age ...
Dewhirst Elisabeth E Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, Wexner Medical Center at Ohio State University, OH, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite the brevity of the procedure, bilateral myringotomy and tympanostomy tube placement (BMT) can result in significant postoperative pain and discomfort. As the procedure is frequently performed without intravenous access, non-parenteral routes of administration are frequently used for analgesia. The current study prospectively compares the efficacy of intranasal (IN) dexmedetomidine ...
Razdan Sanjay S 1 Department of Urology, Herbert Wertheim Florida International University College of Medicine , Jackson South Hospital, Miami, - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the impact of maximal urethral length preservation (MULP) technique in comparison with posterior urethral reconstruction and anterior bladder suspension (PRAS) technique on the continence rates (CR), time to achieve continence among patients with prostate cancer (PCa) undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP). Patients and Methods: We prospectively ...
Zhang Zhaodi Z Department of Anesthesiology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, , Harbin, - - 2014
To evaluate whether electroacupuncture (EA) at ST36 can accelerate the recovery of gastrointestinal motility after colorectal surgery. Forty patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status II and III undergoing elective open resection of malignant colorectal tumours were included in this study. Using a sealed envelope method, the patients were ...
Cavkaytar Sabri S Ankara Dr Zekai Tahir Burak Women' Health Research and Education Hospital, Department of Gynecology. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the effects of horizontal and vertical vaginal cuff closure techniques on vagina length in vaginal hysterectomy. A prospective randomized study (Canadian Task Force Classification I). Teaching and research hospital, a tertiary center. Fifty-two women with POP-Q stage 0 or 1 uterine prolapse were randomized into two groups using ...
Park Heon-Mook HM a PhD Graduate Student, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, South - - 2014
Objective: To compare the effect of secondary alveolar bone graft (SABG) on the tooth development stage of the maxillary central incisor (MXCI) and maxillary canine (MXC) in terms of the severity of unilateral cleft. Materials and Methods: The subjects consisted of 50 boys with unilateral cleft lip and alveolus (UCLA) ...
Tarchi P P Department of General Surgery, University of Trieste (Italy) - - - 2014
Lichtenstein tension-free mesh repair is the most frequently performed procedure for inguinal hernioplasty. In the past surgery aimed to control recurrences. Nowadays it is important to avoid postoperative chronic pain and thus several studies have examined the potential role of meshes in causing postoperative pain. The purpose of this study ...
Lee Jin Kyu JK Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
We sought to compare a group (Group L) (n=21) of patients that underwent total knee arthroplasty and received a single preoperative dose of pregabalin combined with a COX-2 inhibitor with a control group (Group C) (n=20) that only received a COX-2 inhibitor in terms of (1) acute postoperative pain intensity, ...
Tanikawa Hidenori H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Saitama City Hospital, Saitama-ken, - - 2014
We conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial to test the null hypothesis that there is no difference between sciatic nerve block (SNB) and local infiltration of analgesia (LIA) regarding postoperative analgesia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), when administrated in addition to femoral nerve block (FNB). Forty-six patients scheduled for TKA ...
Angioli Roberto R Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Campus Bio Medico University of Rome, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the verbal and written preoperative information in patients undergoing surgery for malignant gynaecologic disease, in terms of satisfaction about preoperative received informations, hospitalization days, postoperative pain experienced using visual analogue scale (VAS) and number of pain drugs used daily. From January 2008 to December 2012, consecutive patients with ...
Buchini Sara S Pediatric Hematology Oncology, Institute for Maternal and Child Health - IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo", via dell'Istria 65/1, 34137 Trieste, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe, in a sample of pediatric onco-hematological patients, the rate of occlusions in unused central venous catheters (CVC) flushed once a week with a 0.9% sodium chloride solution through a positive-pressure-valve needleless connector. Retrospective cohort study. Subjects aged 0-17 years were identified through a manual search in medical and ...
Tofil Nancy M NM Department of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA; Pediatric Simulation Center, Children's of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, - - 2014
Exposure to rare pediatric anesthesia emergencies varies depending on the residency program. Simulation can provide increased exposure to these rare events, improve performance of residents, and also aid in standardizing the curriculum. The purpose of this study was to evaluate time to recognize and treat ventricular fibrillation in a pediatric ...
Lv Bo-Dong - - 2014
In our experience patients undergoing circumcision are mostly concerned about pain and penile appearances. We conducted a prospective randomized trial to assess the benefits of a new disposable circumcision suture device (DCSD). A total of 942 patients were equally divided into three groups (conventional circumcision, Shang ring and disposable suture ...
Choi Sh - - 2014
SUMMARY This study examined the effect of both the tooth substance and restorative filling materials on the increase in pulp chamber temperature when using light-curing units with different power densities. The tip of a temperature sensor was positioned on the pulpal dentinal wall of the buccal side of a maxillary ...
Panni Alfredo Schiavone AS Department of Medicine and Science for Health, Molise University, Via De Sanctis 1, Campobasso, - - 2014
Extensive blood loss after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) may be a potential problem since it leads to anaemia, increased need for transfusion and prolonged hospitalization. Aim of this study was to investigate the effects of postoperative knee flexion after TKA on blood loss and the need for transfusion. One hundred ...
Di Pede Alessandra A Department of Medical and Surgical Neonatology, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, - - 2014
In infants, post-thoracotomy analgesia traditionally consists of systemic opiates, while regional techniques have gained more favor in recent years. We compare the two techniques for thoracotomy in infants. All consecutive patients below 6 months of age who underwent thoracotomy for congenital pulmonary malformations in the study period were retrospectively divided according ...
Ebalard M M Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery Department, CHU Rennes, hôpital Pontchaillou, 2, rue Henri-Le-Guilloux, 35000 Rennes, - - 2014
The goal of this retrospective, multicentre study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes in patients who have undergone partial or total arthrodesis of the subtalar and midtarsal joints. Secondary osteoarthritis of the adjacent joints can negatively affect the outcomes more than 10 years after these fusion procedures. The outcomes of ...
Edwards Peter K PK School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western - - 2014
Matrix-induced autologous chondrocyte implantation (MACI) has become an established technique for the repair of chondral defects in the knee. MACI has traditionally required an open arthrotomy, though now lends itself to an arthroscopic technique, which may decrease the associated co-morbidity of arthrotomy, potentially allowing for faster rehabilitation. To compare post-operative ...
Antoni M M Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, Service de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologique, Centre de Chirurgie Orthopédique et de la Main, 10, avenue Bauymann, 67400 Illkirch-Graffenstaden, - - 2014
The goal of this retrospective study was to compare pain control following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on a perioperative protocol of local anesthesia (LA) versus the more classical femoral nerve block (FNB) technique. Fitness for discharge would be achieved earlier using the LA protocol. Ninety-eight consecutive TKA patients operated on ...
Kobayashi Shinjiro S Division of Gastroenterological and General Surgery, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, 2-16-1 Sugao, Miyamae-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, 216-8511, Japan, - - 2014
It has been considered that allowing patients to return to daily life earlier after surgery helps recovery of physiological function and reduces postoperative complications and hospital stay. We investigated the usefulness of fast-track management in perioperative care of patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Patients (n = 90) who received conventional perioperative management from ...
Vastamäki H H ORTON Research Institute and ORTON Hospital, Invalid Foundation, Helsinki, - - 2014
Stiffness after a rotator cuff tear is common. So is stiffness after an arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. In the literature, however, postoperative restriction of passive range of motion after open rotator cuff repair in shoulders with free passive range of motion at surgery has seldom been recognized. We hypothesize that ...
Höh H H Klinik für Augenheilkunde, Dietrich-Bonhoeffer-Klinikum (Chairman: Prof. Dr. med. Helmut Höh), - - 2014
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate through 2 postoperative years the clinical outcomes associated with a novel supraciliary micro-stent for the surgical treatment of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) when implanted in conjunction with cataract surgery. Patients and Method: In a multicenter, prospective, consecutive case series, 136 subjects (136 ...
Joshi Bharti B Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
Indwelling transurethral catheter is frequently used after gynecological surgeries in order to prevent urinary retention. There is controversy about the ideal time to remove the catheter after surgery. This randomized controlled study was undertaken to determine whether the immediate removal of urinary catheter after abdominal hysterectomy affects the rate of ...
Khan Kalyan K Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, North Bengal Medical College , India - - 2014
Among the multitude of daily administrative problems which are faced by the modern hospitals today, prolonged Turnaround Time (TAT) of laboratory investigations is a crucial one, which affects patient care as well as patient satisfaction adversely. The specific objectives were to observe the TAT of common laboratory investigations, to identify ...
Conrad-Hengerer Ina - - 2014
To compare femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery with standard phacoemulsification concerning the incidence of postoperative clinical or subclinical macular edema and the correlation between macular thickness and postoperative intraocular inflammation values. One hundred four eyes of 104 patients were treated by laser-assisted cataract surgery and the fellow 104 eyes underwent phacoemulsification ...
Eidi Mahmoud M Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Presence of a sore throat after surgery is a common side effect of general anesthesia with intratracheal intubation and can cause discomfort for the patient and prolong the recovery process. In this study we compared the effect of dexamethasone before and after intubation on the incidence of sore throat after ...
Macrae Duncan D Royal Brompton Hospital, London, - - 2014
Early research in adults admitted to intensive care suggested that tight control of blood glucose during acute illness can be associated with reductions in mortality, length of hospital stay and complications such as infection and renal failure. Prior to our study, it was unclear whether or not children could also ...
Asawabharuj Kittipak - - 2014
To compare urinary continent rate at six and 12-month postoperative period, and perioperative outcome between robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) and laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) at Siriraj Hospital. All medical records of patients performed RALP and LRP between 2005 and 2010 were reviewed. Data composed of demographic information, perioperative outcome, ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >